Olive (color)

Olive is a dark yellowish-green color,[2] like that of unripe or green olives.

As a color word in the English language, it appears in late Middle English. Shaded toward gray, it becomes olive drab.

Olive
 
    Color coordinates
Hex triplet#808000
sRGBB  (rgb)(128, 128, 0)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(0, 0, 100, 50)
HSV       (h, s, v)(60°, 100%, 50[1]%)
SourceX11 color names
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)
NCI 2 green olives
Green olives

Variations

Olivine

Green sand close up
Green sand is actually crystaline olivine which has been eroded from lava rocks
Olivine
 
    Color coordinates
Hex triplet#9AB973
sRGBB  (rgb)(154, 185, 115)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(17, 0, 38, 27)
HSV       (h, s, v)(87°, 38%, 73%)
Source[1]/Maerz & Paul[3]
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Olivine is the typical color of the mineral olivine.

Olivine-d06-91a
Olivine crystals

The first recorded use of olivine as a color name in English was in 1912.[4]

Olive drab

Olive Drab
 
    Color coordinates
Hex triplet#6B8E23
sRGBB  (rgb)(107, 142, 35)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(25, 0, 75, 44)
HSV       (h, s, v)(80°, 75%, 56%)
SourceX11 color names
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)
Olive drab camouflage
 
    Color coordinates
Hex triplet#544F3D
sRGBB  (rgb)(84, 79, 61)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(60, 60, 100, 50)
HSV       (h, s, v)(47°, 27.4%, 32.9%)
SourceFederal Standard 595 33070
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)
Olive Drab #7
 
    Color coordinates
Hex triplet#3C341F
sRGBB  (rgb)(60, 52, 31)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(0, 13, 48, 76)
HSV       (h, s, v)(43.4°, 48.3%, 23.5%)
SourceHexColorPedia
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Olive drab is variously described as a "dull olive-green colour" (Oxford English Dictionary);[5] "a shade of greenish-brown" (Webster's New World Dictionary);[6] "a dark gray-green" (MacMillan English dictionary); "a grayish olive to dark olive brown or olive gray" (American Heritage Dictionary);[7] or "A dull but fairly strong gray-green color" (Collins English Dictionary). It was widely used as a camouflage color for uniforms and equipment in the armed forces, particularly by the U.S. Army during the Second World War.

The first recorded use of olive drab as a color name in English was in 1892.[8] Drab is an older color name, from the middle of the 16th century. It refers to a dull light brown color, the color of cloth made from undyed homespun wool. It took its name from the old French word for cloth, drap.[5]

Olive drab was the color of the standard fighting uniform for U.S. GIs and military vehicles during World War II. U.S. soldiers often referred to their uniforms as "OD's" due to the color. The color used at the beginning of the war by the U.S. Army was officially called Olive Drab #3, which was replaced by Olive Drab #7 (hex code #3C341F[9]) by 1944, and which was again replaced by Olive Green 107 or OG-107 in 1952,[10] and continued as the official uniform color for combat fatigues through the Vietnam War until replaced in 1981 by M81 woodland camo fatigues as the primary U.S. uniform pattern (based on the ERDL pattern used by some soldiers in Vietnam), which retained olive drab as one of the color swatches in the pattern.

As a solid color, it is not as effective for camouflage as multiple-color camo schemes (e.g., U.S. Army Combat Uniform, Tigerstripe, MARPAT, Multicam etc.), though it is still used by the U.S. military to color webbing and accessories. The armies of Israel, India, Cuba, Venezuela, and Austria wear solid-color olive drab uniforms.

In the American novel A Separate Peace, Finny says to Gene, "...and in these times of war, we all see olive drab, and we all know it is the patriotic color. All others aren't about the war; they aren't patriotic."

There are many shades and variations of olive drab; one common version is defined by Federal Standard 595 in the United States.[11]

M1943 Field Jacket

An olive drab M-1943 field jacket, worn by US soldiers during World War II.

Flickr - Israel Defense Forces - Officer Course for Infantry Command

Olive drab is the uniform color of the Israel Army.

Cuban Soldiers of Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias

Cuban soldiers in olive drab.

Olive green

Olive green is greener than olive or olive drab but less green than dark olive green. An example is U.S. Army olive green 107:

M1helmetshell
An M1 helmet, the standard helmet of the U.S. Army from 1941 through the Vietnam War. This helmet is from the Vietnam War; the color is olive green 107.

Dark olive green

Dark Olive Green
 
    Color coordinates
Hex triplet#556B2F
sRGBB  (rgb)(85, 107, 47)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(20, 0, 56, 58)
HSV       (h, s, v)(82°, 56%, 42[12]%)
SourceX11
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Displayed at right is the web color dark olive green.

Black olive

Olives in bowl
An example of black olives
Black olive
 
    Color coordinates
Hex triplet#3B3C36
sRGBB  (rgb)(59, 60, 54)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(2, 9, 10, 77)
HSV       (h, s, v)(70°, 10%, 24[13]%)
SourceRAL
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Black olive is a color in the RAL color matching system. It is designated as RAL 6015.

The color "black olive" is a representation of the color of black olives.

This is one of the colors in the RAL color matching system, a color system widely used in Europe. The RAL color list originated in 1927, and it reached its present form in 1961.

Olive in culture

Ethnography
  • The term "olive-skinned" is sometimes used to denote shades of medium-toned skin that is darker than the average color for Caucasians, especially in connection with a Mediterranean ethnicity.

See also

References

  1. ^ web.forret.com Color Conversion Tool set to hex code #808000 (Olive):
  2. ^ "Olive – Definition of olive by Merriam-Webster". merriam-webster.com.
  3. ^ The color displayed in the color box above matches the color called olivine in the 1930 book by Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York: 1930 McGraw-Hill; the color olivine is displayed on page 59, Plate 18, Color Sample C6.
  4. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York: 1930—McGraw-Hill Page 200; Color Sample of Olivine: Page 59, Plate 18, Color Sample C6
  5. ^ a b Oxford English Dictionary, 5th Edition, 1982
  6. ^ Webster's New World Dictionary of the American Language
  7. ^ American Heritage Dictionary of the American Language, 4th edition.
  8. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York: 1930 McGraw-Hill Page 200; Color Sample of Olive Drab: Page 53 Plate 15 Color Sample J5
  9. ^ "Color Names". HexColorPedia.
  10. ^ "Soldier'S Barracks Bag". Olive-drab.com. 2008-05-22. Retrieved 2009-04-15.
  11. ^ "What Does Olive Drab Mean?". Olive-drab.com. 2008-05-22. Retrieved 2009-04-15.
  12. ^ web.forret.com Color Conversion Tool set to hex code #556B2F (Dark Olive Green):
  13. ^ web.forret.com Color Conversion Tool set to hex code of color # 3B3C36 (Black Olive):
3rd Marine Artillery Regiment

The 3rd Marine Artillery Regiment (French: 3e Régiment d'Artillerie de Marine, 3e RAMa) is the heir to the 3rd Marine Artillery Regiment created in Rochefort by Napoleon Bonaparte's consular decree of May 13, 1803, the 3rd Colonial Artillery Regiment, then the 3rd Marine Artillery Regiment. The 3e RAMa has been present in either a constituted corps or isolated unit since 1803, on almost all the battlefields in which France has been engaged. The regiment was founded in a third operational phase in 1943.

American goldfinch

The American goldfinch (Spinus tristis) is a small North American bird in the finch family. It is migratory, ranging from mid-Alberta to North Carolina during the breeding season, and from just south of the Canada–United States border to Mexico during the winter.

The only finch in its subfamily to undergo a complete molt, the American goldfinch displays sexual dimorphism in its coloration; the male is a vibrant yellow in the summer and an olive color during the winter, while the female is a dull yellow-brown shade which brightens only slightly during the summer. The male displays brightly colored plumage during the breeding season to attract a mate.

The American goldfinch is a granivore and adapted for the consumption of seedheads, with a conical beak to remove the seeds and agile feet to grip the stems of seedheads while feeding. This Finch has also been known to eat garden vegetation, and is particularly fond of beet greens. It is a social bird, and will gather in large flocks while feeding and migrating. It may behave territorially during nest construction, but this aggression is short-lived. Its breeding season is tied to the peak of food supply, beginning in late July, which is relatively late in the year for a finch. This species is generally monogamous, and produces one brood each year.

Human activity has generally benefited the American goldfinch. It is often found in residential areas, attracted to bird feeders which increase its survival rate in these areas. Deforestation also creates open meadow areas which are its preferred habitat.

Bassian thrush

The Bassian thrush (Zoothera lunulata), also known as the olive-tailed thrush, is a medium-sized mostly insectivorous thrush found predominantly in southeastern Australia and Tasmania. The thrushes range from 27 to 29 cm (10.5 to 11.5 in) in length and average 100 g (3.5 oz).It is estimated that the rangewide population is large, though no official count has ever been established.The Bassian thrush lives in shrubland, forests, and rainforests. It is non-migratory. Though affected by human destruction of its natural habitats, its range is so large that the impact is negligible.The thrush ranges in color from brown to an olive color, with a white ring around its eyes and black bars on its back, rear, and head. Its underbody is paler, with dark scalloping, and its wings have a dark bar running the length of the underside.Bassian thrush are known to dislodge their prey out of pile of leaves by directing their farts at them.

Bigmouth buffalo

The bigmouth buffalo (Ictiobus cyprinellus) is a fish native to North America. It is the largest North American species in the Catostomidae or "sucker" family, and is one of the longest-lived freshwater fishes, capable of living beyond 110 years. It is commonly called the gourd head, redmouth buffalo, buffalofish, bernard buffalo, roundhead, or brown buffalo,. Despite the superficial similarity, the bigmouth buffalo is not a carp, nor is any other catostomid.

The bigmouth buffalo is typically a dull brownish olive color with dusky fins. Like other catostomids it has a long dorsal fin, but unlike others it has a terminal (forward-facing) mouth. It is the largest of the buffalo fish and reaches a length of more than 4 ft (1.2 m) and 65 lb (29 kg) in weight. Bigmouth buffalo are an ecological asset to North American fresh waters. They form the native counterpart to the bighead and silver carp, and they compete with the common carp. These invasive species are outcompeting the native bigmouth buffalo.It is native to the Red River of the North, Manitoba, Canada, and North Dakota, United States, to the Ohio River and south in the Mississippi River system to Texas and Alabama in the United States. It lives in sluggish areas of large rivers and shallow lakes and streams. Bigmouth buffalo populations are known as declining in the northern extent of their range, including parts of Minnesota, North Dakota, and Canada. A recent study documented that several populations in Northwestern Minnesota are comprised mainly (85-90%) of individuals more than 80 years old, suggesting recruitment failure since the 1930s. The long lifespan of Bigmouth Buffalo, and evidence indicating recruitment failure spanning decades with only brief periods of recruitment success, suggests this species goes through "boom" and "bust" periods of recruitment in certain areas of their range. In order for this life history strategy to be successful, bigmouth buffalo likely would require time (e.g. decades) to reach those successful "boom" periods of reproduction. Thus current management of this species is in urgent need of reevaluation, at least in the northern extent of their range.

The bigmouth buffalo migrates upstream to spawn in the spring, usually April to June, where it lays its eggs on plants to which they adhere. Bigmouth buffalo, unlike its close relatives the black and smallmouth buffalos, is a filter-feeder, using its very fine gill rakers to strain crustacean zooplankton from the water. It sometimes feeds near the bottom, using short up-and down movements to swirl the water and thus be able to filter from the water the plants and animals that hover near the bottom or rest lightly on it. More than one male will assist in spawning by moving the female to the top of the water to help mix eggs and milt.

The fish is vulnerable in shallow water and is often captured by spearing and bow and arrow. It is commercially caught on trotlines, setlines, hoop and trammel nets, and seines. Though it has numerous small bones, its good flavor makes it one of the most valuable of the traditionally, non-game freshwater fish.

The bigmouth buffalo is naturally found throughout the United States from the Great Lakes south to Alabama and Louisiana drainages and west to Texas and Montana. They generally live in shallow swells, large slow-moving rivers or swamps, since they seem to be adept at dealing with these low-oxygen habitats. This species of buffalo will also occasionally spawn in rock and gravel (open substrata) in the spring.The bigmouth buffalo is a popular foodfish throughout the United States, and has been introduced into a few southwestern states. Populations in the Northern extent of their range (Canada, Minnesota, and North Dakota) have been documented as declining since the 1970s. They prefer shallow, slow-moving water like flooded vegetation. Bigmouth buffalo is also susceptible to anchor parasites which can lead to secondary infections which can be harmful in poor water conditions.

C-4 (explosive)

C-4 or Composition C-4 is a common variety of the plastic explosive family known as Composition C. A similar British plastic explosive, based on RDX but with different plasticizer than Composition C-4, is known as PE-4 (Plastic Explosive No. 4). C-4 is composed of explosives, plastic binder, plasticizer to make it malleable, and usually a marker or odorizing taggant chemical.

C-4 has a texture similar to modelling clay and can be molded into any desired shape. C-4 is metastable and can be exploded only by the shock wave from a detonator or blasting cap.

Chrominance

Chrominance (chroma or C for short) is the signal used in video systems to convey the color information of the picture, separately from the accompanying luma signal (or Y for short). Chrominance is usually represented as two color-difference components: U = B′ − Y′ (blue − luma) and V = R′ − Y′ (red − luma). Each of these difference components may have scale factors and offsets applied to it, as specified by the applicable video standard.

In composite video signals, the U and V signals modulate a color subcarrier signal, and the result is referred to as the chrominance signal; the phase and amplitude of this modulated chrominance signal correspond approximately to the hue and saturation of the color. In digital-video and still-image color spaces such as Y′CbCr, the luma and chrominance components are digital sample values.

Separating RGB color signals into luma and chrominance allows the bandwidth of each to be determined separately. Typically, the chrominance bandwidth is reduced in analog composite video by reducing the bandwidth of a modulated color subcarrier, and in digital systems by chroma subsampling.

Grivet

The grivet (Chlorocebus aethiops), also known as African green monkey and savannah monkey is an Old World monkey with long white tufts of hair along the sides of the face. Some authorities consider this and all of the members of the genus Chlorocebus to be a single species, Cercopithecus aethiops. As here defined, the grivet is restricted to Ethiopia, Sudan, Djibouti and Eritrea. In the southern part of its range, it comes into contact with the closely related vervet monkey (C. pygerythrus) and Bale Mountains vervet (C. djamdjamensis). Hybridization between them is possible, and may present a threat to the vulnerable Bale Mountains vervet. Unlike that species, the grivet is common and rated as Least Concern by the IUCN.

Hummer HX

The Hummer HX is a two-door off-road concept compact SUV that was revealed at the 2008 North American International Auto Show by General Motors.

Lemon-bellied white-eye

The lemon-bellied white-eye (Zosterops chloris) is a species of bird in the family Zosteropidae. It is endemic to Indonesia, where it occurs on a number of islands from the Sunda Strait to the Aru Islands. It is present on several of the Lesser Sunda Islands as well as on parts of Sulawesi, as well as many smaller islands, but is absent from the larger islands of Borneo, Java, Sumatra and Timor. Currently (May 2017), HBW describes five sub-species of lemon-bellied white-eye. However, the extensive distribution of Z. c. intermedius (including S. Sulawesi, SE. Sulawesi, C. Lesser Sundas and small islands in between) is likely to contain more than one reproductively isolated population (cf. Z.c. intermedius and Z. c. flavissimus, with the latter now considered a distinct species, the Wakatobi white-eye (Z. flavissimus)).

The lemon-bellied white-eye's natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and subtropical or tropical mangrove forests. On the islands of Buton and Kabaena the lemon-bellied white-eye appears limited to coastal regions, perhaps as a result of competition with the pale-bellied white-eye. Observations from Buton suggest that the lemon-bellied white-eye prefers more disturbed habitats. Their diet consists of invertebrates, fruits, and nectar. They have strong dark grey legs, a dark colored beak, and generally range in size from 11–12 cm. They are a yellow-olive color on the dorsal side, with characteristic bright yellow underparts.

Nate Newton (musician)

Nate Newton is the bassist in hardcore punk band Converge. He also played bass in Cavalera Conspiracy and Cave In, and he plays guitar and sings in Old Man Gloom and Doomriders.Newton was a vegetarian for several years, before he returned to eating seafood.

Northern cardinal

The northern cardinal (Cardinalis cardinalis) is a bird in the genus Cardinalis; it is also known colloquially as the redbird, common cardinal or just cardinal (which was its name prior to 1985). It can be found in southern eastern Canada, through the eastern United States from Maine to Minnesota to Texas, and south through Mexico, Belize, Guatemala and Big Island of Hawai’i. Its habitat includes woodlands, gardens, shrublands, and wetlands.

The northern cardinal is a mid-sized songbird with a body length of 21–23 cm (8.3–9.1 in). It has a distinctive crest on the head and a mask on the face which is black in the male and gray in the female. The male is a vibrant red, while the female is a reddish olive color. The northern cardinal is mainly granivorous, but also feeds on insects and fruit. The male behaves territorially, marking out his territory with song. During courtship, the male feeds seed to the female beak-to-beak. A clutch of three to four eggs is laid, and two to four clutches are produced each year. It was once prized as a pet, but its sale as a cage bird was banned in the United States by the Migratory Bird Treaty Act of 1918.

San Diego Padres

The San Diego Padres are an American professional baseball team based in San Diego, California. The Padres compete in Major League Baseball (MLB) as a member club of the National League (NL) West division. Founded in 1969, the Padres have won two NL pennants — in 1984 and 1998, losing in the World Series both years. As of 2018, they have had 14 winning seasons in franchise history. The Padres are one of two Major League Baseball teams (the other being the Los Angeles Angels) in California to originate from that state; the Athletics were originally from Philadelphia (and moved to the state from Kansas City), and the Dodgers and Giants are originally from two New York City boroughs – Brooklyn and Manhattan, respectively. The Padres are the only MLB team that does not share its city with another franchise in the four major American professional sports leagues. The Padres are the only major professional sports franchise to be located in San Diego, following the relocation of the Chargers to Los Angeles in 2017. They are also the only franchise in the MLB not to have a no-hitter, having gone 8020 games without throwing one, a major league record to begin a franchise.

Sea trout

Sea trout is the common name usually applied to anadromous (or sea-run) forms of brown trout (Salmo trutta), and is often referred to as Salmo trutta morpha trutta. Other names for anadromous brown trout are sewin (Wales), peel or peal (southwest England), mort (northwest England), finnock (Scotland), white trout (Ireland) and salmon trout (culinary). The term sea trout is also used to describe other anadromous salmonids—coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch), brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis), Arctic char (Salvelinus alpinus alpinus), cutthroat trout (Oncorhynchus clarkii) and Dolly Varden (Salvenlinus malma). Even some non-salmonid species are also commonly known as sea trout—Northern pikeminnow (Ptychocheilus oregonensis) and members of the weakfish family (Cynoscion).

Shades of black

Shades of black are colors that differ only slightly from pure black. These colors have a low lightness. From photometric point of view, a color which differs slightly from black always has low relative luminance. Variations of black include what are commonly termed off-black colors, which may be considered part of a neutral color scheme, usually in interior design as a part of a background for brighter colors. Black and dark gray colors are powerful accent colors that suggest weight, dignity, formality, and solemnity.In color theory, a shade is a pure color mixed with black. It decreases its lightness while nearly conserving its chromaticity. Strictly speaking, a "shade of black" is always a pure black itself and a "tint of black" would be a neutral gray. Unlike these, many off-black colors possess a hue and a colorfulness (also called saturation).

Colors often considered "shades of black" include onyx, black olive, charcoal, and jet; these colors and other variations of black are shown below.

Spanish fly

Spanish fly (Lytta vesicatoria) is an emerald-green beetle in the blister beetle family (Meloidae). It and other such species were used in preparations offered by traditional apothecaries, often referred to as Cantharides or Spanish fly. The insect is the source of the terpenoid cantharidin, a toxic blistering agent once used as an aphrodisiac.

L. vesicatoria is sometimes called Cantharis vesicatoria, although the genus Cantharis is in an unrelated family, Cantharidae, the soldier beetles.

Tambja olivaria

Tambja olivaria is a species of sea slug, a dorid nudibranch, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Polyceridae.

Taveta weaver

The Taveta weaver (Ploceus castaneiceps), also known as the Taveta golden weaver, is a species of bird in the weaver family, Ploceidae.

It is found on the African Savannah in Kenya and Tanzania. The name of the bird comes from the unique markings/coloration of the bird, as well as how these birds weave intricate nests.

The Beak of the Finch

The Beak of the Finch: A Story of Evolution in Our Time (ISBN 0-679-40003-6) is a 1994 nonfiction book about evolutionary biology, written by Jonathan Weiner. It won the 1995 Pulitzer Prize for General Non-Fiction. In 2014, a substantially unchanged 20th-anniversary edition e-book was issued with a preface by the author.

Uniforms of the Russian Armed Forces

The Russian Armed Forces use an extensive system of uniforms, as inherited from the Soviet Armed Forces and modified across the years.

Languages

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