The Ole Miss Rebels football program represents the University of Mississippi, also known as "Ole Miss.” The Rebels compete in the Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS) of the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) and the Western Division of the Southeastern Conference (SEC). The football history of Ole Miss includes the formation of the first football team in the state and the 26th team on the list of college football's all-time winning programs. The Rebels posted their 600th win on September 27, 2008, when they defeated the Florida Gators 31–30.
Throughout the 115-year history of Ole Miss football, the Rebels have won six Southeastern Conference titles (1947, 1954, 1955, 1960, 1962, and 1963) and claim three national titles (1959, 1960, 1962). The team is currently coached by Matt Luke, who was interim head coach in 2017 and led the Rebels to a 6-6 record, including an Egg Bowl win over Mississippi State.
In 2019, the NCAA vacated 33 of the team's victories — nearly 5 percent of its total wins at the time — and levied a two-year ban on post-season play as punishment for recruiting and academic violations under head coaches Houston Nutt and Hugh Freeze.
|Ole Miss Rebels|
|Athletic director||Ross Bjork|
|Head coach||Matt Luke|
3rd season, 11–13 (.458)
|Field||Jerry Hollingsworth Field|
|Field surface||Natural grass|
|NCAA division||Division I FBS|
|Past conferences||Independent (1893–1898) |
Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Association (1899–1921)
Southern Conference (1922–1932)
|All-time record||671–524–35 (.560)|
|Bowl record||24–13 (.649)|
|Claimed nat'l titles||3 (1959, 1960, 1962)|
|Conference titles||6 (1947, 1954, 1955, 1960, 1962, 1963)|
|Rivalries||Mississippi State (rivalry)|
|Colors||Cardinal Red and Navy Blue|
|Fight song||Forward Rebels|
|Mascot||Tony the Landshark|
|Marching band||Pride of the South|
The Ole Miss football team played its first season in 1893, and since then have fielded a team every year except for 1897 (due to a yellow fever epidemic) and 1943 (due to World War II). In that first season, the team compiled a 4–1 record under head coach Alexander Bondurant. In 1899, Ole Miss became a member of the Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Association (SIAA). The program then joined the Southern Conference in 1922 and the Southeastern Conference in 1933. In 1947, Johnny Vaught became head coach and led the team to its first conference championship. Vaught coached Ole Miss for 25 seasons, compiling a 190–61–12 record and winning six conference championships, three national championships, and ten bowl games. Since Vaught's departure in 1973, the Rebels have gone through a number of head coaches, none of them able to replicate the success of the Vaught era. The longest tenured coach since Vaught was Billy Brewer, who in 11 seasons from 1983 to 1993 compiled a 68–55–3 record and won three bowl games. The team's current head coach is Matt Luke, who took over the role in an interim capacity before the 2017 season after Hugh Freeze resigned.
Johnny Vaught, a line coach at Ole Miss in 1946 under Harold Drew and a former All-American at Texas Christian University (TCU), remained in Oxford as head coach in 1947 and led the Ole Miss program to national prominence over the next 24 years, posting 23 winning records.
In his first season at the helm in 1947, the Rebels posted a 9–2 record and won the first of six SEC titles (1947, 1954, 1955, 1960, 1962, 1963). The 1947 season also saw Ole Miss great Charlie Conerly become the first Rebel player to be a contender for the Heisman Trophy, placing fourth in the voting for the prestigious honor.
Ole Miss won the 1959 Dunkel System national championship; the 1960 Football Writers Association of America, Dunkel System, and Williamson System national championships; and the 1962 Litkenhous Ratings national championship. Vaught's 1962 squad remains the only undefeated team in Ole Miss football history. Vaught's 1959 squad, which was honored as the "SEC Team of the Decade," was ranked the third best collegiate football team from 1956 to 1995, according to the Jeff Sagarin Ratings released in January 1996.
The Rebels were also among the winningest programs in the country under Vaught during the 1950s and 1960s. From 1950 to 1959, Ole Miss posted an 80–21–5 record (.778 winning percentage). The .778 winning percentage was third only to Oklahoma and Miami (OH) during that decade. In the 1960s, Vaught guided the Rebels to a 77–25–6 record and a .740 winning percentage, which was the ninth best during that decade. The Rebels’ 1962 season under Vaught is, to this day, the only undefeated season in Ole Miss history. The Rebels ended that season with a record of 10–0, winning the national championship.
In the 1950s and 1960s under Vaught, Ole Miss was a fixture in the national polls. The Rebels were ranked atop the Associated Press poll for three weeks during the 1960 season and one week during the 1961 campaign. In 1964, Ole Miss was ranked preseason No. 1 in the Associated Press poll.
Vaught also made going to postseason play the norm rather than the exception for the Rebel football program. Ole Miss played in 15 consecutive bowl games from 1957 to 1971 which, at that time, was a national record. In all, Vaught led Ole Miss to 18 bowl game appearances, posting a 10–8 record in those contests. For his efforts, Vaught was named SEC Coach of the Year six times (1947, 1948, 1954, 1955, 1960, 1962).
During his tenure, Vaught coached some of the best players in Ole Miss football history. In 24 seasons, Vaught produced 26 All-America first teamers. He also coached four players who finished in the top five in the Heisman Trophy voting. Along with Conerly in 1947, Charlie Flowers (5th in 1959), Jake Gibbs (3rd in 1960), and Archie Manning (4th in 1969, 3rd in 1970) were in the running for college football's top honor.
Failing health forced Vaught to resign his position in 1970. He was succeeded byBilly Kinard.
Billy Kinard became the first Ole Miss alumnus to head up the football program, while Frank "Bruiser" Kinard, an offensive line coach under Vaught since 1948, was named athletic director that same year.
The Rebels went 16–9 under Billy Kinard, including a 10–2 record and a 41–18 Peach Bowl victory over Georgia Tech in his first year in 1971. Kinard's ten victories are tied for fourth most by a first-year head coach in NCAA Division I history.
Kinard coached the Rebels through the 1972 season and through the third game of the 1973 season. After the disappointing 5–5 season in 1972, the alumni were advocating to have Kinard removed as head coach. The administration fired Kinard after the Rebels started the 1973 season 1–2. The two losses were a shutout to Missouri, 17–0, and an upset by Memphis State, 17–13. Both Billy Kinard and Frank Kinard were fired, and Johnny Vaught was rehired as both the head coach and athletic director.
Following the 1973 football season, Vaught resigned once again as head coach, but remained on as athletic director. His final record with the Rebels was 190–61–12. The 190 victories still rank Vaught in the top 25 winningest coaches in NCAA Division I history, and he is the fourth-winningest coach in SEC history. In 1979, Vaught was inducted in the National College Football Hall of Fame.
Ken Cooper, an assistant under Kinard since 1971, was named head coach on January 17, 1974, and took Ole Miss through the 1977 season. Cooper compiled a 21–23 record, and his tenure is probably best remembered for the matchup with Notre Dame in September 1977. In one of the most memorable games in Rebel football history, Ole Miss upset Notre Dame, 20–13 in Mississippi Memorial Stadium on September 17, 1977, in Jackson. That loss was Notre Dame's lone setback of the 1977 campaign, as they finished the season with an 11–1 record and claimed both the AP and UPI national titles. Cooper is now the assistant head coach and offensive line coach at Benedictine Military School in Savannah, Georgia.
Following the 1977 season, Steve Sloan, the former All-American quarterback at Alabama under Paul "Bear" Bryant, was hired as the new Rebel head coach and began his five-year stint in 1978. Sloan posted a 20–34 record from 1978 to 1982.
After stepping outside the Ole Miss family football tree the previous nine seasons, Ole Miss looked for a familiar face to lead the football program, and the Rebels found that person when Billy Brewer returned to Oxford to take over as head coach in December 1982.
In his first season in 1983, Brewer guided the Rebels to their first winning regular season since 1977 with a 7–4 record (Tulane win a result of forfeit). The Rebels also went to their first bowl game since 1971 losing to Air Force 9–3 in the Independence Bowl.
Brewer remained in Oxford for another ten seasons, leading the Rebels to five winning seasons and four bowls, including Ole Miss' 1990 New Year's Day Gator Bowl appearance, which was the program's first January bowl game since 1969. He was named SEC Coach of the Year in 1986 (8–3–1 record) and 1990 (9–3 record), and in 1986, the Rebels return to the national rankings for the first time in over a decade.
Brewer coached 11 years (1983–93) and compiled a 68–55–3 record, making him (at the time) the second winningest Ole Miss football coach behind Vaught. Brewer also led Ole Miss to eight Egg Bowl victories over rival Mississippi State.
Brewer was dismissed just prior to the 1994 season after the NCAA infractions committee found him guilty of "unethical conduct," and Ole Miss defensive coordinator Joe Lee Dunn took over as interim coach, directing the Rebels to a 4–7 record under difficult circumstances highlighted only by a 34–21 victory over rival LSU.
On December 2, 1994, Tommy Tuberville was selected as the coach in charge of getting the Rebels on the right track.
After serving as an assistant coach on the collegiate level for nine seasons (eight at Miami and one at Texas A&M), Tuberville began creating excitement in his first season in 1995, finishing the campaign with a 6–5 record and an Egg Bowl victory over Mississippi State.
That excitement grew in 1997, when Ole Miss recorded its best season since 1992 with an 8–4 record, a thrilling 15–14 Egg Bowl victory over Mississippi State and a Motor City Bowl win over Marshall University. The bowl appearance was the program's first since 1992, and the Rebels earned a final national ranking of No. 22 in both polls.
The revitalized Ole Miss program continued in its success in 1998, but suffered a setback after the Egg Bowl when Tuberville, despite repeated assurances that he would not leave – even going so far as to say "They'll have to take me out of here in a pine box" -, agreed 2 days later to become the head coach at SEC West rival Auburn University.
David Cutcliffe took over as head coach on December 2, 1998. Cutcliffe, who came to Ole Miss from his offensive coordinator post at Tennessee, took over the reins just 29 days before the Rebels' Sanford Independence Bowl date versus Texas Tech. Despite the short preparation time for the game, Cutcliffe led the Rebels to a 35–18 victory over the Red Raiders, quite arguably the biggest upset of the 1998 bowl season.
Cutcliffe brought with him to Oxford a high-powered offensive style that energized the Rebel fanbase.
In the time from 1997 to 2003, the Rebels played in six bowl games, tied with Arkansas for the most bowl appearances among SEC Western Division schools during that span.
Cutcliffe had four winning seasons in his first five seasons at Ole Miss, in 1999 (8–4), 2000 (7–5), 2001 (7–4) and 2002 (7–6), becoming the first Rebel mentor since Harry Mehre (1938–41) to post winning marks in his first five years. Cutcliffe also directed Ole Miss to four bowl appearances in his first five seasons.
In 2003 Cutcliffe guided the Rebels to a 10–3 overall mark and a share of the SEC West title with eventual BCS National Champion LSU. Following their 31–28 victory over Oklahoma State in the Cotton Bowl Classic, the Rebels finished #13 in the final poll. It was Ole Miss' first New Year's bowl since the 1991 Gator Bowl against Michigan.
Despite his 44–29 record, five straight winning seasons, and guiding the team to its first 10 win season in over 30 years, Cutcliffe was fired by Ole Miss's Athletic Director Pete Boone in December 2004 after the team posted a disappointing 4–7 record and three consecutive losses to LSU.
Ed Orgeron, regarded as one of college football's premier defensive line coaches and recruiters, was named the 35th head football coach in the history of the University of Mississippi on December 16, 2004. Orgeron, who took control of the Ole Miss program after serving the previous seven seasons as defensive line coach at the University of Southern California, and played a role in Pete Carroll's Trojan championship in 2004. He also served as USC's recruiting coordinator from 2001 to 2004 and was named assistant head coach in 2003. Orgeron was named the 2004 National Recruiter of the Year by The Sporting News and Rivals.com.
Orgeron's talent as a recruiter created a buzz among Rebel fans and drew national attention when Ole Miss' 2006 signing class ranked as high as fifteenth in the rankings. His 2007 recruiting class was also listed among the best in college football (#31 according to scout.com). However, his recruiting success did not translate to on the field performance. In 2007, Ole Miss was last in the SEC in scoring offense, turnover margin, rushing offense, rushing defense, punt returns, opponent first downs, red-zone offense, opponent third-down conversions, field goal percentage, time of possession and kickoff coverage.
The 2007 season was a historic one for Ole Miss. The Rebels went winless in the SEC for the first time since 1982 – 25 years. The Rebels, under Orgeron, ended the season at 3–9 (0–8 in SEC play).
The 2007 season culminated with the firing of Orgeron on November 24, 2007. Three days later, Houston Nutt was hired as the next head football coach.
The next day, November 28, 2007, just five weeks after having defeated Ole Miss as the head coach of the Arkansas Razorbacks, Nutt was officially introduced as the new Ole Miss head football coach at a press conference at the Gertrude Castellow Ford Center for Performing Arts on the Ole Miss campus. During the press conference, Nutt stated, "One thing I love about Ole Miss is the tradition," naming past players such as Archie Manning, Jake Gibbs, Frank "Bruiser" Kinard, Deuce McAllister and Eli Manning. "It's about tradition. That's the reason I am here. I feel like this place can be successful. I feel like this place can win. I can't wait to tell our players this afternoon. That's how you spell fun. The way you spell fun is "W-I-N." That's what it is all about."
During Nutt's first season, he guided the Ole Miss Rebels to a 9–4 record with marquee victories over the eventual BCS National Champion Florida Gators squad, the reigning BCS National Champion LSU Tigers, and the Texas Tech Red Raiders in the 2009 Cotton Bowl Classic. At the end of this season, the Rebels were ranked in the Top 15 in both major polls.
It was announced on April 16, 2009 that Nutt and his wife Diana had committed to give a gift of $100,000 to Ole Miss. Half of the contribution will create scholarships for student-athletes. The other half of the gift will be used toward the university's Indoor Practice Facility, which opened in 2004 and cost $17 million to build.
On November 7, 2011, it was announced that Coach Nutt would resign, effective at the end of the season.
On December 5, 2011, Hugh Freeze was announced as the new head coach of the Ole Miss Rebels football team. Freeze was previously the head coach at Arkansas State and had previously been the tight ends coach and recruiting coordinator from 2005–2007. In his first year he went 7–6 and finished the regular season with a win over rival Mississippi State. The Rebels won their bowl game against Pitt in the BBVA Compass Bowl. In Freeze's second year, the Rebels went 8–5 (3–5). The 2013 Rebels defeated then-sixth-ranked LSU on a last-second field goal in Oxford and capped off the season with a 25–17 victory over Georgia Tech in the Music City Bowl.
In 2014, Freeze led Ole Miss to one of its strongest seasons in four decades. The Rebels spent most of the season in the top 10, rising as high as third in October—their highest ranking at that late stage in the season in almost half a century. They ultimately finished 9–3, only the third time since Vaught's tenure that a Rebel team has won as many as nine games. This garnered them a berth in the 2014 Peach Bowl—their first major-bowl appearance since 1969. Freeze led to the Rebels to another strong season in 2015, one that featured wins over ranked SEC West Rivals LSU and Mississippi State, but was headlined by a road victory over then-No. 2-ranked Alabama, their first win in Tuscaloosa since 1988 and only the first time they had beaten the Tide in back to back seasons. Ole Miss controlled their own destiny in the SEC West for much of the 2015 campaign, but ultimately finished in second. The Rebels earned a trip to the 2016 Sugar Bowl, their first appearance in this bowl game since 1970, where they beat Oklahoma State 48–20. Freeze led the Rebels to their first 10 win season since 2003, and perhaps their best season overall since they went 10–0 in 1962 during the Vaught era.
On July 20, 2017, Freeze resigned after Ole Miss officials learned that he had used a university-provided cell phone to place calls to an escort service in "a concerning pattern" that began shortly after he took the job in 2011.
Co-offensive coordinator Matt Luke was named interim head coach the same day. In November 2017, Luke was named the permanent head coach after leading the Rebels to a 6-6 record, including a 31-28 Egg Bowl win over Mississippi State.
Ole Miss has been affiliated with the following conferences.:179
|Season||Coach||Selectors||Record||Bowl||Opponent||Result||Final AP||Final Coaches|
|1959||Johnny Vaught||Berryman, Dunkel, Sagarin||10–1||Sugar Bowl||LSU||W 21–0||#2||#2|
|1960||Johnny Vaught||Billingsley, Football Writers, DeVold, Dunkel, Football Research, NCF, Williamson||10–0–1||Sugar Bowl||Rice||W 14–6||#2||#3|
|1962||Johnny Vaught||Billingsley, Litkenhous, Sagarin||10–0||Sugar Bowl||Arkansas||W 17–13||#3||#3|
Ole Miss has won six SEC championships.
|Season||Conference||Coach||Overall record||Conference record|
The SEC has been split into two divisions since the 1992 season with Ole Miss competing in the SEC West since that time. Ole Miss has won a share of one divisional title, but has yet to make an appearance in the SEC Championship Game.
|2003†||SEC West||N/A lost tie-breaker to LSU|
Ole Miss has had 37 head coaches in over a century of play.:181
|C. D. Clark||1894||4–1|
|H. L. Fairbanks||1895||2–1|
|John W. Hollister||1896||1–2|
|T. G. Scarbrough||1898||1–1|
|W. H. Lyon||1899||3–4|
|Z. N. Estes||1900||0–3|
|William Shibley & Daniel S. Martin||1901||2–4|
|Daniel S. Martin||1902||4–3|
|M. S. Harvey||1903–1904||6–4–1|
|Thomas S. Hammond||1906||4–2|
|Frank A. Mason||1907||0–6|
|William L. Driver||1913–1914||11–7–2|
|Fred A. Robins||1915–1916||5–12|
|R. L. Sullivan||1919–1921||11–13|
|Chester S. Barnard||1924||4–5|
|Harry Mehre||1938–1942, 1944–1945||39–26–1|
|Johnny Vaught||1947–1970, 1973||190–61–12|
|Joe Lee Dunn||1994||4–7|
† Includes interim status.
Ole Miss has participated in 37 bowl games, with the Rebels having a record of 24–13.
|1935||Ed Walker||Orange Bowl||Catholic University||L 19–20|
|1948||Johnny Vaught||Delta Bowl||TCU||W 13–9|
|1952||Johnny Vaught||Sugar Bowl||Georgia Tech||L 7–24|
|1954||Johnny Vaught||Sugar Bowl||Navy||L 0–21|
|1955||Johnny Vaught||Cotton Bowl Classic||TCU||W 14–13|
|1957||Johnny Vaught||Sugar Bowl||Texas||W 39–7|
|1958||Johnny Vaught||Gator Bowl||Florida||W 7–3|
|1959||Johnny Vaught||Sugar Bowl||LSU||W 21–0|
|1960||Johnny Vaught||Sugar Bowl||Rice||W 14–6|
|1961||Johnny Vaught||Cotton Bowl Classic||Texas||L 7–12|
|1962||Johnny Vaught||Sugar Bowl||Arkansas||W 17–13|
|1963||Johnny Vaught||Sugar Bowl||Alabama||L 7–12|
|1964||Johnny Vaught||Bluebonnet Bowl||Tulsa||L 7–14|
|1965||Johnny Vaught||Liberty Bowl||Auburn||W 13–7|
|1966||Johnny Vaught||Bluebonnet Bowl||Texas||L 0–19|
|1967||Johnny Vaught||Sun Bowl||UTEP||L 7–14|
|1968||Johnny Vaught||Liberty Bowl||Virginia Tech||W 34–17|
|1969||Johnny Vaught||Sugar Bowl||Arkansas||W 27–22|
|1970||Johnny Vaught||Gator Bowl||Auburn||L 28–35|
|1971||Billy Kinard||Peach Bowl||Georgia Tech||W 41–18|
|1983||Billy Brewer||Independence Bowl||Air Force||L 3–9|
|1986||Billy Brewer||Independence Bowl||Texas Tech||W 20–17|
|1989||Billy Brewer||Liberty Bowl||Air Force||W 42–29|
|1990||Billy Brewer||Gator Bowl||Michigan||L 3–35|
|1992||Billy Brewer||Liberty Bowl||Air Force||W 13–0|
|1997||Tommy Tuberville||Motor City Bowl||Marshall||W 34–31|
|1998||David Cutcliffe||Independence Bowl||Texas Tech||W 35–18|
|1999||David Cutcliffe||Independence Bowl||Oklahoma||W 27–25|
|2000||David Cutcliffe||Music City Bowl||West Virginia||L 38–49|
|2002||David Cutcliffe||Independence Bowl||Nebraska||W 27–23|
|2003||David Cutcliffe||Cotton Bowl Classic||Oklahoma State||W 31–28|
|2008||Houston Nutt||Cotton Bowl Classic||Texas Tech||W 47–34|
|2009||Houston Nutt||Cotton Bowl Classic||Oklahoma State||W 21–7|
|2012||Hugh Freeze||BBVA Compass Bowl||Pittsburgh||W 38–17 (vacated W)|
|2013||Hugh Freeze||Music City Bowl||Georgia Tech||W 25–17|
|2014||Hugh Freeze||Peach Bowl||TCU||L 3–42|
|2015||Hugh Freeze||Sugar Bowl||Oklahoma State||W 48–20|
Ole Miss currently utilizes three jersey options along with two pant styles. The Rebels use red jerseys for their primary home uniforms and blue jerseys as alternates; both have bold white numbers and white shoulder stripes. White jerseys with red numbers and stripes are used on the road. These jerseys are paired with either gray pants with red and blue stripes or white pants with red stripes.
Typically, Ole Miss uses two helmet designs. The Rebels’ primary helmet is navy blue with a single red stripe and “Ole Miss” written in script on each side. The other helmet option is the same as the navy, except it is a lighter color, a shade known as “powder blue.”
In 2017, Ole Miss also used special helmets for a Military Appreciation game against Louisiana and a rivalry game against LSU. The military appreciation helmets were the same as the primary navy design, except the logo on each side of the helmet was filled with an American flag design. The helmets worn against LSU were powder blue with jersey numbers on each side, similar to a design worn by the Rebels in the 1960s.
The Battle for the Golden Egg (nicknamed the Egg Bowl) is the Rebels biggest game of the year against in-state SEC rival Mississippi State University (MSU) Bulldogs. While the 2 teams have played each other since 1901, with 2003 being the year in which the 2 teams had played each other 100 times and now having played each other a total of 114 times, the first game officially known as "The Battle of the Golden Egg" was in 1927. While it is called a "Bowl", the game is not a postseason bowl game, but rather a regular season Southeastern Conference (SEC) game. Ole Miss leads the series with 62 wins to MSU's 46 wins. There have been 6 ties. The Egg Bowl has not been as much in the spotlight as other college football rivalries, but as of late, the game has gained more national attention.
In 2012, which was Ole Miss coach Hugh Freeze's first Egg Bowl, Ole Miss beat #25 Mississippi State to clinch their first bowl game since 2009. The following year, Mississippi State reclaimed the Golden Egg with an overtime win in Starkville, by beating the Rebels, 17–10.
In 2014, the game gained much more national attention due to the postseason implications the game possessed. Mississippi State entered the game with a #4 ranking in College Football Playoff, and had a spot in the Playoff on the line entering the game against Ole Miss, who was ranked #19. This marked only the fifth time in the rivalry's history that both teams entered the game ranked. MSU also had a chance at making the SEC title game, where they needed a win and an Alabama loss. In an upset, Ole Miss beat the Bulldogs 31–17 and took back the Golden Egg and jumped from #19 to #9 in the College Football Playoff rankings. Both schools got New Year's Six bowl games. Ole Miss would later vacate this win due to NCAA violations.
Ole Miss entered the 2015 Egg Bowl with a #18 ranking in the College Football Playoff rankings, and MSU was #21, which marked the first time ever that both teams entered the game ranked two seasons in a row, and it was only the sixth time in this rivalry's history that this was accomplished. The game was considered to be a play-in game for the Sugar Bowl, which is the most prestigious SEC bowl destination other than the College Football Playoff. This was also the final home game for Mississippi State quarterback Dak Prescott, who is widely regarded as the best player in MSU football history. Ole Miss entered the game as only two point favorites but won the Egg Bowl convincingly 38–27 and led by 25 points at halftime. This was Ole Miss's first road win against Mississippi State since 2003 and it was the first time that the Rebels beat the Bulldogs two years in a row since 2003–04.
Going into the 2016 Egg Bowl, both teams had gone through disappointing seasons. MSU had already clinched bowl ineligibility (or so was thought) at 4–7 and Ole Miss was 5–6, and needed to win the game in order to become bowl eligible. Ole Miss was an eight-point favorite over the Bulldogs and had won the last two meetings, but Mississippi State thoroughly routed Ole Miss 55–20 in Oxford, marking the first time the Rebels had lost at home to the Bulldogs since 2010. The loss resulted in a 5–7 season for the Rebels and MSU, and was the first time in Hugh Freeze's tenure at Ole Miss that they would fail to clinch a bowl berth. MSU would end up making a bowl game due to lack of qualified 6-6 teams.
Neither team has experienced much recent success on the road in this rivalry, as Ole Miss has won six of their last eight home games against MSU and the Bulldogs have won four of their last six home games against Ole Miss.
Ole Miss first played LSU on December 3, 1894 winning 26–6 in Baton Rouge, Louisiana. Throughout the fifties and sixties, games between the two schools featured highly ranked squads on both sides and seemingly every contest had conference, and at times national title implications – a tradition recently renewed, as the 2003 matchup decided the SEC Western Division Champion, and helped propel LSU to a national championship.
A trophy has now been named for the LSU–Ole Miss rivalry known as the "Magnolia Bowl" which began in 2008 with a 31–13 victory by the Ole Miss Rebels. The 2009 game was also won by Ole Miss 25–23. The 2010 edition was another classic, typical of the games between these two, with LSU scoring with under a minute left to prevail 43–36, which was LSU's first win in the series since the creation of the Magnolia Bowl.
The 100th meeting of the series in 2011 was forgettable for the Rebels in every regard. LSU humiliated the Rebels 52–3 at Oxford, and could have made the score even more lopsided if not for Tigers coach Les Miles ordering third-string quarterback Zach Mettenberger to take a knee four times after LSU gained a first-and-goal at the Ole Miss 1-yard line with five minutes to play. 2012 issued another Bayou Classic with LSU winning 41–35 via a 1 yd TD plunge by Jeremy Hill with less than one minute to go in the contest.
On October 19, 2013 the much-favored ranked number 6 LSU Tigers faced off against a Rebel team that had just came off a three-game losing streak to defeat the Tigers 27–24 on a last-second 46-yard field goal. 2014 was another very memorable classic; however, this one featured better defensive play by both teams. Ole Miss entered with a #3 ranking and as favorites in Baton Rouge for the first time since 1999. #24 LSU pulled the upset by beating the Rebels 10–7 on a last–minute interception thrown by Rebels' quarterback Bo Wallace, which catapulted LSU ten spots in the AP Poll.
In 2015, Ole Miss entered the game with a #22 ranking in the College Football Playoff while the Tigers were #15. However, Strong offensive production by Rebels quarterback Chad Kelly and turnovers forced by the Ole Miss defense led the Rebels to a 38–17 rout of the Tigers, which was Ole Miss's largest margin of victory over LSU since 1992. LSU leads the overall series over Ole Miss 59–41–4, but since the creation of the Magnolia Bowl, the series is tied, 4–4.
Ole Miss first played Arkansas in 1908, with Arkansas winning that game 33–0. They would play each other many times, though sporadically, over the next several decades, including two meetings in the Sugar Bowl in 1963 and 1970; Ole Miss won both Sugar Bowl matchups.
In the 1980s, Arkansas dominated the Rebels; however, the 1990 edition produced one of the greatest moments in Ole Miss football history. Having the ball inside the Ole Miss 20 and trailing by 4 with seconds remaining, Arkansas needed a score. The Hogs chose to run the option play. The ball was pitched to Ron Dickerson who seemed to have a clean shot at the endzone. At the 2, Safety and Mullins award winner Chris Mitchell produced what is simply known in Oxford as "the hit". Dickerson fell limp at the one, and time expired, preserving the Ole Miss victory.
In 1991, Arkansas joined the Southeastern Conference, and was placed in the same division as Ole Miss when the conference split into two divisions in 1992. Ole Miss won the first conference contest in Little Rock by a score of 17–3.
The two teams have played each other annually since 1981 yet the intensity of the rivalry pretty much died from the early 1970s until 2007.
The Ole Miss–Arkansas game set a NCAA record for most overtime periods played (7). It has since been tied, but never broken. Arkansas won that game 58–56 off a 2-point Rebel conversion that got stopped just short of the goal-line.
The end of 2007 saw the rivalry return to a heated one after Houston Nutt resigned as the head coach for Arkansas, only to be hired as Ole Miss' head coach a week later.
2008 saw the first game between Ole Miss and Arkansas in which Nutt returned to Arkansas in his first game against his former team. Emotions were high, and pads popped throughout the game. Ole Miss kicked a field goal with less than 3 minutes remaining to go up 23–14, seemingly icing the victory. Not to be outdone, Arkansas took one minute to march down the field, and scored with a minute left. After a replay review, Arkansas was awarded with the recovery of an onside kick. Unfortunately for the Hogs, a controversial offensive interference was called, pushing them back, and ultimately turned the ball over on downs. Ole Miss and Nutt won 23–21.
The following season, 2009, Arkansas went to Oxford to take on Ole Miss. Ole Miss again won, 30–17, this time at the hands of an all-world performance by Dexter McCluster, who had over 200 all purpose yards, including a 60 yd touchdown bolt in the 3rd that broke the game open.
In 2010, Arkansas was able to finally claim a win over their former head coach Houston Nutt with a 38–24 decision in Fayetteville that was dominated by sloppy play and sloppier weather. 2011 proved to be another thriller with the Hogs escaping Oxford with a 29–24 victory. Ole Miss returned the favor in 2012 by traveling to Little Rock and scoring a last-second FG to win 30–27.
In 2013, Arkansas went to Oxford to play the Rebels in a game where the Razorbacks were heavy underdogs, and the Rebels were fresh off of an upset win over then-no. 6 LSU and a blowout win over Idaho. Ole Miss won decisively, beating the Razorbacks by ten points, 34–24. The next year, in 2014, Ole Miss entered as favorites again and with a #8 ranking against an Arkansas team who had a record of 5–5 and needing a win to clinch a bowl game. Due to poor offensive production and multiple injuries, the Rebels got blown out by the Razorbacks in Fayetteville, 30–0, which sent Ole Miss tumbling eleven spots in the College Football Playoff rankings to #19.
The 2015 game in this series was of particular importance to Ole Miss because at the time of the game, the Rebels controlled their own destiny in the SEC West, and were once again big favorites over the Razorbacks. This game featured multiple lead changes, and needed overtime to decide a winner. In the extra period, Ole Miss scored the first touchdown, which put Arkansas in a situation where they needed to also needed to score a touchdown to avoid a loss. The Razorbacks were faced with a 4th & 25, and quarterback Brandon Allen found tight end Hunter Henry who caught the ball short of the first down, but heaved it backwards before being tackled. The ball was recovered by running back Alex Collins who ran it for 31 yards and converted the fourth and 25. On the next play, the Razorbacks scored a touchdown and instead of tying the game with an extra point, they decided to go for the win by going for the two point conversion. The Rebels appeared to have won the game by stopping the two point attempt, but a facemask penalty gave the Razorbacks another try. Arkansas converted, winning the game 53–52 in one of the most heartbreaking losses in Hugh Freeze's tenure at Ole Miss.
The Alabama–Ole Miss football rivalry is an American college football rivalry between the Alabama Crimson Tide football team of the University of Alabama and Ole Miss Rebels football team of the University of Mississippi. Both universities are founding members of the Southeastern Conference (SEC), and both have competed in the SEC Western Division since the 1992 season.
It has been one of the conference's most lopsided rivalries, with Alabama officially leading the series 48–11–2 (50–9–2 without NCAA vacations and forfeits). From 2004–2013, Alabama won every single game in this rivalry, six of which were won by double digits.
In 2014, however, Ole Miss got its first win over Alabama since 2003 when the #11 Ole Miss Rebels got one of their most signature victories in the history of their football program by beating then–no.3 Alabama, 23–17. The game was sealed by an interception by Ole Miss cornerback Senquez Golson and catapulted Ole Miss to third in the AP Poll, their highest ranking since 1964.
The very next year, Ole Miss played Alabama as nearly double digit underdogs, having won only one road game against Alabama in the history of their program, in 1988. Ole Miss once again managed to upset the second–ranked Crimson Tide, 43–37, thanks in part to an explosive Rebel offense led by quarterback Chad Kelly in a game where the Rebels never trailed and led by as many as twenty points and as many as nineteen in the fourth quarter. This marked the first time Ole Miss had beaten Alabama in back to back seasons, and, following this upset Ole Miss once again jumped to #3 in the AP Poll, marking the first time since 1963–64 that Ole Miss had been ranked in the top three in consecutive seasons.
Vanderbilt and Ole Miss have played annually since 1942. When the SEC split into divisions in 1992, the Commodores and Rebels were selected as permanent cross-division rivals. Though Vanderbilt won the first 18 games in the rivalry, Ole Miss leads the all-time series 50–39–2. As of late, this rivalry hasn't gotten as much attention as other rivalries in the SEC as the Rebels have won 16 of the last 24, nine of which were won by double digits. However, the rivalry continues to grow following Vanderbilt's surprising blow-out victory over the Rebels in 2016.
In 2008, the Rebels entered their game against the Commodores looking to get their 600th all–time win, but Vanderbilt beat the Rebels in Oxford, 23–17, just one week before Ole Miss's monumental upset against fourth-ranked Florida Gators on the road. In 2009, Ole Miss entered their matchup against Vanderbilt coming off of an upset loss to South Carolina, which sent them from #4 in the rankings to #21. The Rebels rebounded from a loss to the Gamecocks by beating Vanderbilt 23–7, their first win against the Commodores after two straight losses.
Vanderbilt would win the next three games in this series, two of which were by double digits. The 2012 matchup was one where the Commodores won and the Rebels were in search of their sixth win to become bowl–eligible for the first time since 2009, but the Commodores beat the Rebels in heartbreaking fashion, 27–26. The next season, in 2013, Ole Miss was looking to end its three-game losing streak against the Commodores, and did so successfully, beating Vanderbilt 39–35 in a thriller. This put the Rebels in the rankings at #25 the next week which was the first time Ole Miss was ranked since 2009. In 2014, Ole Miss blew out Vanderbilt, 41–3 in Nashville.
In 2015, Ole Miss entered with a #3 ranking and were 26 point favorites against Vanderbilt. However, the Commodores stingy defense challenged Ole Miss, and although they couldn't quite win, they tested the Rebels in a game Ole Miss won 27–16. This was Ole Miss's first home win against Vanderbilt since 2006.
In 2016, Vanderbilt beat Ole Miss 38-17 at Vanderbilt Stadium. Vanderbilt scored 31 unanswered points to defeat the Rebels after the Commodores trailed 17-7 early in the 2nd quarter. Powered by 123 rushing yards from current all-time Vanderbilt rushing yards leader Ralph Webb, the Commodores beat the Rebels to snap a three-game skid in the series.
The Ole Miss–Memphis football rivalry has also been a far less competitive rivalry series. The Rebels hold a 48–11–2 advantage over the Tigers in the series. The two schools have met 60 times from 1921 to 2014.
This rivalry was temporarily terminated from 2010 to 2013, with Ole Miss winning every game in 2005–09. The rivalry was resumed in 2014 when Ole Miss entered ranked No. 10 in the AP Poll and Memphis was unranked and heavy underdogs. The Rebels played host to the Tigers, and although Memphis played Ole Miss competitively through the first three quarters, the Rebels ultimately pulled away in the fourth quarter after only holding a 7–3 after the end of the third. Ole Miss won the game 24–3 to increase their winning streak against Memphis to six straight.
The 2015 game of this rivalry was of particular importance, especially to Memphis. This was one of the most anticipated games in the history of Memphis football as they hosted then–no. 13 Ole Miss. It appeared as if the Rebels were going to blow out the Tigers after taking a 14–0 lead in the first quarter, but Memphis answered with 24 straight points before halftime. The Tigers extended their lead to 31–14 after scoring on the first possession of the third quarter, and held on to their lead for the rest of the game, upsetting Ole Miss, 37–24. The Rebels fell eleven spots in the AP Poll to No. 24 and Memphis entered the rankings at #18. It was the Tigers' first victory over a ranked team since defeating No. 6 Tennessee in 1996. The next game between the two teams will be hosted by Memphis on August 31, 2019.
Ole Miss and Tulane were rivals from the time that Tulane was an SEC member. Ole Miss leads the series 42-29.
In 1992, to commemorate the 100th year of Ole Miss football, the Ole Miss Athletic Department put together a so-called "Team of the Century," recognizing the outstanding accomplishments of 27 different players. (The term "team" is used loosely, as 12 and 13 players were chosen to represent offense and defense, respectively, rather than 11, which would reflect the number of players on the field.)
|QB||Archie Manning||1968–70||Drew, MS|
|RB||Charlie Conerly||1942, 46–47||Clarksdale, MS|
|RB||John "Kayo" Dottley||1947–50||McGehee, AR|
|RB||Charlie Flowers||1957–59||Marianna, AR|
|E||Floyd Franks||1968–70||Biloxi, MS|
|E||Barney Poole||1942, 47–48||Gloster, MS|
|C||Dawson Pruett||1987–90||Mobile, AL|
|OL||Jim Dunaway||1960–62||Columbia, MS|
|OL||Gene Hickerson||1955–57||Atwood, TN|
|OL||Stan Hindman||1963–65||Newton, MS|
|OL||Everett Lindsay||1989–92||Raleigh, NC|
|OL||Marvin Terrell||1957–59||Indianola, MS|
|DL||Frank "Bruiser" Kinard||1935–37||Jackson, MS|
|DL||Kelvin Pritchett||1988–90||Atlanta, GA|
|DL||Ben Williams||1972–75||Yazoo City, MS|
|LB||Tony Bennett||1986–89||Alligator, MS|
|LB||Kenny Dill||1961–63||West Point, MS|
|LB||Larry Grantham||1957–59||Crystal Springs, MS|
|LB||Freddie Joe Nunn||1981–84||Noxubee Co., MS|
|DB||Billy Brewer||1957–59||Columbus, MS|
|DB||Glenn Cannon||1967–69||Gulfport, MS|
|DB||Chris Mitchell||1987–90||Town Creek, AL|
|DB||Jimmy Patton||1952–54||Greenville, MS|
|DB||Todd Sandroni||1987–89||Shaw, MS|
|PK||Robert Khayat||1957–59||Moss Point, MS|
|P||Jim Miller||1976–79||Ripley, MS|
|Frank M. "Bruiser" Kinard||Tackle||1951†|
|Charles "Charlie" Conerly||Halfback||1965|
|Thad "Pie" Vann||Coach||1987|
|Jerry Dean "Jake" Gibbs||Quarterback||1995|
|Wesley Walls||Tight end||2014|
† Charter member
‡ Played freshman year at Ole Miss, then appointed to the U.S. Military Academy where he played for Army as a sophomore, junior and senior
|Frank M. "Bruiser" Kinard||Guard||2007|
Ole Miss has one former player in the National Quarterback Club Hall of Fame.
Ole Miss has had 20 players selected in the first round of professional football drafts.
2009 marks the first time in school history Ole Miss has had two players taken in the first round of the same NFL draft.
Since 1983, the administration has distanced itself from Confederate symbols. In 1997, the university student senate passed a resolution requesting fans not to display the Confederate battle flag at university athletic events. The university also banned flag poles to discourage fans from displaying the Confederate flag at football games and other athletic events after head coach Tommy Tuberville complained that the battle flag had hampered his attempts to recruit top-notch black athletes. Coaches prior to Tuberville also expressed concerns about the difficulty of recruiting black athletes.
In 1972, Ole Miss' first black football player, Ben Williams, was signed and began playing. The defensive tackle, recruited out of a small school in the Delta region of Mississippi, eventually claimed All-SEC honors and had a long and successful NFL career following his stint at Ole Miss.
In 2003, the school's mascot, Colonel Reb, was discontinued from official participation in athletic events by the school. The school solicited ideas to replace Colonel Reb, but after an exceedingly lackluster response, decided to go without a mascot. An unofficial Colonel Reb mascot still makes appearances in The Grove, Ole Miss' tailgating area, before home games. In 2010, the university began its plan to phase out the use of Colonel Reb on official merchandise such as hats and shirts. The university has reclassified the Colonel Reb trademark as a historical mark of the university. On October 14, 2010, it was announced that students, alumni and season ticket holders at the university had picked Rebel Black Bear as their new mascot. The announcement was the result of a campus-wide vote in February and months of polling. The bear beat out two other finalists, the Rebel Land Shark and something called the "Hotty Toddy," an attempt to personify the school cheer.
On October 6, 2017, Chancellor Jeffrey Vitter announced that the new university mascot would be the Landshark, beginning with the 2018–19 season. The black bear will be replaced by the Landshark, in reference to a celebratory hand symbol that players began using in 2008.
Each spring, during the annual Grove Bowl (a game at the end of spring practices pitting Ole Miss players against each other), the senior defensive player who most embodies Chucky Mullins' spirit and courage receives the "Chucky Mullins Memorial Courage Award". The recipient also receives jersey number 38, the number Mullins wore at Ole Miss, and wears it for the coming season. Officially, the jersey is considered to be retired as Ole Miss did so during the 2006 season but the team continues to use it to honor Mullins.
Ole Miss plays Vanderbilt as a permanent non-division opponent annually and rotates around the East division among the other six schools.
|vs Vanderbilt||at Vanderbilt||vs Vanderbilt||at Vanderbilt||vs Vanderbilt||at Vanderbilt||vs Vanderbilt|
|at Missouri||vs Florida||at Tennessee||vs Kentucky||at Georgia||vs Missouri||at South Carolina|
|at Memphis||vs Baylor*||vs Louisville*||vs Troy||vs Mercer (FCS)||vs Furman (FCS)||vs The Citadel (FCS)||vs Eastern Kentucky (FCS)|
|vs SE Louisiana (FCS)||vs Southeast Missouri (FCS)||vs Austin Peay (FCS)||vs Central Arkansas (FCS)||at Tulane||at Wake Forest||vs Wake Forest|
|vs California||vs Middle Tennessee||vs Tulane||at Georgia Tech||vs Georgia Tech||vs Tulane|
|vs New Mexico State||vs Georgia Southern||vs Liberty||vs Tulsa|
The 1893 Ole Miss Rebels football team represented the University of Mississippi during the 1893 college football season.1908 Ole Miss Rebels football team
The 1908 Ole Miss Rebels football team represented the University of Mississippi during the 1908 college football season.
Commenting on the game between Vanderbilt and Ole Miss which he officiated, Grantland Rice called captain Ike Knox, "a sensation in light hair, broad shoulders and stocky frame that gave both the Commodore offense and defense a shock that will not soon be forgotten." Rice continued: "Time and again, as a Commodore back would start down the field, the gorilla-like arms of the demon Knox would encircle his frame and said runner wasn’t only checked, but more often still, literally hurled yards towards his own goal line." In another article Rice wrote that only the mediocrity of his team kept Knox from being regionally and nationally famous: "If Knox has been upon a Vanderbilt, Sewanee or Auburn eleven he would more than likely have been hailed as one of the greatest halfbacks of the decade."1915 Ole Miss Rebels football team
The 1915 Ole Miss Rebels football team represented the University of Mississippi during the 1915 college football season. The season was the first under former Vanderbilt athlete Fred A. Robins.1917 Ole Miss Rebels football team
The 1917 Ole Miss Rebels football team represented the University of Mississippi during the 1917 college football season. The season was the first under head coach Dudy Noble. The season closed with the team's only victory, over Mississippi College.1921 Ole Miss Rebels football team
The 1921 Ole Miss Rebels football team represented the University of Mississippi during the 1921 college football season.1939 Ole Miss Rebels football team
The 1939 Ole Miss Rebels football team represented the University of Mississippi in the 1939 college football season. The Rebels were led by second-year head coach Harry Mehre and played their home games at Hemingway Stadium in Oxford, Mississippi. After winning their first three games of the season, Ole Miss made their first ever appearance in the AP Poll. Their victory over rival Vanderbilt was also their first ever; they had lost the first 19 match-ups in the series over a 45-year span. They would finish with a record of 7–2 (2–2 SEC), to finish fifth in the Southeastern Conference.1941 Ole Miss Rebels football team
The 1941 Ole Miss Rebels football team represented the University of Mississippi in the 1941 college football season. The Rebels were led by fourth-year head coach Harry Mehre and played their home games at Hemingway Stadium in Oxford, Mississippi. They finished with a record of 6–2–1 (2–1–1 SEC), to finish fifth in the Southeastern Conference. Ole Miss was ranked in the final AP Poll for the first time in school history, ranked 17th.1950 Ole Miss Rebels football team
The 1950 Ole Miss Rebels football team represented the University of Mississippi during the 1950 college football season.1951 Ole Miss Rebels football team
The 1951 Ole Miss Rebels football team represented the University of Mississippi during the 1951 college football season.1957 Ole Miss Rebels football team
The 1957 Ole Miss Rebels football team represented the University of Mississippi during the 1957 NCAA University Division football season. The Rebels were led by 11th-year head coach Johnny Vaught and played their home games at Hemingway Stadium in Oxford, Mississippi (and alternate site home games in Jackson, Mississippi). They competed as members of the Southeastern Conference, finishing in second with a regular season record of 8–1–1 (4–0–1 SEC), and were ranked 7th in the final AP Poll. They were invited to the 1958 Sugar Bowl, where they defeated Texas, 39–7.1959 Ole Miss Rebels football team
The 1959 Ole Miss Rebels football team represented the University of Mississippi during the 1959 NCAA University Division football season. Ole Miss finished the season with an overall record of ten wins and one loss (10–1), tied for second in the Southeastern Conference (SEC) and with a victory over LSU in the Sugar Bowl. The team gave up only 21 points all season, and were crowned national champions by Berryman, Billingsley, Dunkel and Sagarin. Syracuse was crowned as the national champion by both the AP and the UPI wire services. The team was later rated the third best squad from 1956–1995 by Sagarin.1960 Ole Miss Rebels football team
The 1960 Ole Miss Rebels football team represented the University of Mississippi during the 1960 NCAA University Division football season. The Rebels were named national champions by the Football Writers Association of America, but not the AP, UPI or NCF who are the other major selectors recognized by the NCAA. While Ole Miss claims a share of two other national titles (both retroactive picks), this is the only one recognized by the NCAA and the college football community at large.Minnesota was crowned as national champion by both major polls before the bowl games; the major media polls would not wait until after the bowls to crown a national champion until 1963. The Rebels were the only major-conference team in the nation that finished the season undefeated on the field (Missouri subsequently was credited with an undefeated season when its one loss was erased by forfeit).1961 Ole Miss Rebels football team
The 1961 Ole Miss Rebels football team represented the University of Mississippi during the 1961 NCAA University Division football season. The Rebels' finished the season with a 9–2 record and received a berth in the Cotton Bowl, where they lost to the Texas Longhorns, 12–7, after winning two consecutive national championships.1977 Ole Miss Rebels football team
The 1977 Ole Miss Rebels football team represented the University of Mississippi (Ole Miss) in the 1977 NCAA Division I football season as a member of the Southeastern Conference (SEC). The team was led by head coach Ken Cooper, in his fourth year, and played their home games at Hemingway Stadium in Oxford, the Mississippi Memorial Stadium in Jackson, Mississippi and Liberty Bowl Memorial Stadium in Memphis, Tennessee. They finished the season with a record of five wins and six losses (5–6 overall, 2–5 in the SEC). In 1978 their record was updated to six wins and five losses (6–5 overall, 3–4 in the SEC) after Mississippi State was forced by the NCAA to forfeit their win over the Rebels for playing an ineligible player.1979 Ole Miss Rebels football team
The 1979 Ole Miss Rebels football team represented the University of Mississippi during the 1979 NCAA Division I-A football season.1989 Ole Miss Rebels football team
The 1989 Ole Miss Rebels football team represented the University of Mississippi during the 1989 NCAA Division I-A football season.2002 Ole Miss Rebels football team
The 2002 Ole Miss Rebels football team represented the University of Mississippi during the 2002 NCAA Division I-A football season. The team participated as members of the Southeastern Conference in the West Division. Coached by David Cutcliffe, the Rebels played their home games at Vaught–Hemingway Stadium in Oxford, Mississippi.2003 Ole Miss Rebels football team
The 2003 Ole Miss Rebels football team represented the University of Mississippi during the 2003 NCAA Division I-A football season. Coached by David Cutcliffe, the Rebels played their home games at Vaught–Hemingway Stadium.2004 Ole Miss Rebels football team
The 2004 Ole Miss Rebels football team represented the University of Mississippi during the 2004 NCAA Division I-A football season. They participated in the Southeastern Conference in the Western Division. The team played their home games at Vaught–Hemingway Stadium in Oxford, Mississippi. They were coached by head coach David Cutcliffe.2007 Ole Miss Rebels football team
The 2007 Ole Miss Rebels football team represented the University of Mississippi during the 2007 NCAA Division I FBS football season. This was Ed Orgeron's third and final season as head coach of the football team.
Ole Miss Rebels football
|Bowls & rivalries|
|Culture & lore|
National championship seasons in bold
Located in: Oxford, Mississippi
Southeastern Conference football
|Championships & awards|