Okayama Prefecture

Okayama Prefecture (岡山県 Okayama-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūgoku region on the main island of Honshu.[1] The capital is the city of Okayama.[2][3][4]

Okayama Prefecture

岡山県
Japanese transcription(s)
 • Japanese岡山県
 • RōmajiOkayama-ken
Flag of Okayama Prefecture

Flag
Official logo of Okayama Prefecture

Symbol
Location of Okayama Prefecture
CountryJapan
RegionChūgoku (Sanyō)
IslandHonshu
CapitalOkayama
SubdivisionsDistricts: 10, Municipalities: 27
Government
 • GovernorRyūta Ibaragi
Area
 • Total7,114.50 km2 (2,746.92 sq mi)
Area rank15th
Population
 (February 1, 2018)
 • Total1,906,464
 • Rank21st
 • Density270/km2 (690/sq mi)
ISO 3166 codeJP-33
Websitewww.pref.okayama.jp
Symbols
BirdLesser cuckoo (Cuculus poliocephalus)
FlowerPeach blossom (Prunus persica var. vulgaris)
TreeRed pine (Pinus densiflora)

History

Prior to the Meiji Restoration of 1868, the area of present-day Okayama Prefecture was divided between Bitchū, Bizen and Mimasaka Provinces. Okayama Prefecture was formed and named in 1871 as part of the large-scale administrative reforms of the early Meiji period (1868–1912), and the borders of the prefecture were set in 1876.[3][5]

Geography

Map of Okayama Prefecture Ja
Map of Okayama Prefecture
     Government Ordinance Designated City      City      Town

Okayama Prefecture borders Hyōgo Prefecture, Tottori Prefecture, and Hiroshima Prefecture.[3] It faces Kagawa Prefecture in Shikoku across the Seto Inland Sea and includes 90 islands in the sea.

Okayama Prefecture is home to the historic town of Kurashiki. Most of the population is concentrated around Kurashiki and Okayama. The small villages in the northern mountain region are aging and declining in population - more than half of the prefectures municipalities are officially designated as depopulated.[6]

As of 1 April 2014, 11% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Daisen-Oki and Setonaikai National Parks; the Hyōnosen-Ushiroyama-Nagisan Quasi-National Park; and seven Prefectural Natural Parks.[7]

Cities

Okayama city view from Sankunjinja remains
Okayama City
Tsuyama Castle01s5s5000
Tsuyama
Takahashi -01
Takahashi
Niimi city
Niimi

Fifteen cities are located in Okayama Prefecture:

Towns and villages

These are the towns and villages in each district:

Mergers

Education

Universities

High schools

  • Okayama
    • Okayama Ichinomiya Senior High School
    • Okayama Asahi Senior High School
    • Okayama Sozan Senior High School
    • Okayama Hosen Senior High School
    • Okayama Joto Senior High School
    • Okayama Sakuyo High School[8]
    • Kurashiki High School

Transportation

Rail

Tramways

Roads

Expressways

National highways

Airport

Culture

  • Bizen-yaki (Bizen pottery)
  • Bizen Osafune/Bitchu Aoe swords

Association with Momotarō legend

Okayama Prefecture is closely associated with the folklore hero, Momotarō. This tale is said to have roots in the legendary story of Kibitsuhiko-no-mikoto and Ura which explains that the Prince Ura of Kudara used to live in Kinojo (castle of the devil) and was a cause of trouble for the people living in the village. The emperor's government sent Kibitsuhiko-no-mikoto(Momotarō) to defeat Ura. The city of Okayama holds an annual Momotarō-matsuri, or Momotarō Festival.[4][9]

Sports

The sports teams listed below are based in Okayama.

Soccer

Volleyball

Tourism

Okayama Korakuen Garden01
Okayama Korakuen Park and Okayama Castle
Joyful Park 01
Hiruzen Plateau and Hiruzen Joyful Park in Maniwa
Harbor View Park Hinase Bizen Okayama Pref Japan03bs
Hinase Island and Seto Inlandsea in Bizen

Some tourist attractions are:

Notable people

Notes

  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Okayama-ken" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 745, p. 745, at Google Books; "Chūgoku" at p. 127, p. 127, at Google Books.
  2. ^ Nussbaum, "Okayama" at p. 745, p. 745, at Google Books.
  3. ^ a b c "Okayama Prefecture". Encyclopedia of Japan. Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. OCLC 56431036. Archived from the original on August 25, 2007. Retrieved 2012-08-01.
  4. ^ a b "岡山(県)" [Okayama Prefecture]. Nihon Daihyakka Zensho (Nipponika) (in Japanese). Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. OCLC 153301537. Archived from the original on August 25, 2007. Retrieved 2012-08-15.
  5. ^ Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" at p. 780, p. 780, at Google Books.
  6. ^ Okayama official website Archived 2013-01-02 at the Wayback Machine accessed Nov. 2007
  7. ^ "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture" (PDF). Ministry of the Environment. 1 April 2014. Archived (PDF) from the original on 21 April 2012. Retrieved 19 February 2015.
  8. ^ "岡山県作陽高等学校". www.sakuyo-h.ed.jp. Archived from the original on 11 January 2018. Retrieved 24 April 2018.
  9. ^ "Okayama History". Archived from the original on 22 May 2012. Retrieved 24 June 2012.
  10. ^ "Shin Koyamada's IMDB Biography". Archived from the original on 2013-03-27.
  11. ^ "Yuko Arimori's profile".
  12. ^ "Masashi Kishimoto's Biography on TV.com". Archived from the original on 2013-08-17.

References

External links

Coordinates: 34°42′N 133°51′E / 34.700°N 133.850°E

Asahi River

The Asahi River is a river in Okayama Prefecture, Japan.

Bizen, Okayama

Bizen (備前市, Bizen-shi) is a city located in Okayama Prefecture, Japan.

City Light Stadium

The City Light Stadium (シティライトスタジアム, Shiti Laito Sutajiamu), known from 2010 to February 2015 as Kanko Stadium (Kankoスタジアム, Kankō Sutajiamu), and before that as Okayama Combined Ground Athletic Stadium (岡山県総合グラウンド陸上競技場, Okayama-ken Sōgō Guraundo Rikujō Kyōgijō) is a multi-purpose stadium in Okayama, Japan. It is currently used mostly for football matches and athletics events. It is the home field of Fagiano Okayama, and used for some rugby union Top League games.

The stadium's capacity is 20,000 people.

Before the naming rights were acquired by Kanko and then City Light, the venue's nickname was Momotaro Stadium (桃太郎スタジアム, Momotarō Sutajiamu)".

Koshi Inaba

Koshi Inaba (稲葉浩志, Inaba Kōshi) (born September 23, 1964 in Tsuyama, Okayama) is a Japanese vocalist, multi-instrumentalist and songwriter. He is best known as the singer and lyricist of the rock duo B'z, the best-selling music act in their native Japan. He has also had a successful solo career, with five studio albums and five singles topping the Japanese music charts. In 2009, Inaba collaborated with Slash on single "Sahara". In 2017, Inaba released a collaborative album, Chubby Groove, with Stevie Salas under the name "Inaba/Salas".

Kurashiki

Kurashiki (倉敷市, Kurashiki-shi) is a historic city located in western Okayama Prefecture, Japan, sitting on the Takahashi River, on the coast of the Inland Sea.

As of March 31, 2017, the city has an estimated population of 483,576 and a population density of 1,400 persons per km². The total area is 355.63 km².

Kōnan Airport

Kōnan Airport (岡南飛行場, Kōnan Hikōjō) (ICAO: RJBK) is a public aerodrome located about eight kilometers south of Okayama Station in Minami-ku, Okayama, Okayama Prefecture, Japan.

Mimasaka Province

Mimasaka Province (美作国, Mimasaka no kuni) or Sakushu (作州, Sakushū) was a province of Japan in the part of Honshū that is today northeastern Okayama Prefecture. Mimasaka bordered Bitchū, Bizen, Harima, Hōki, and Inaba Provinces.

Mimasaka was landlocked, and was often ruled by the daimyō in Bizen. The ancient capital and castle town was Tsuyama. During the Edo period the province was controlled by the Tsuyama Domain.

Mimasaka is the home of the samurai Miyamoto Musashi, the author of The Book of Five Rings.

Nunohara Station

Nunohara Station (布原駅, Nunohara-eki) is a JR West Hakubi Line and Geibi Line station located on the west side of Niimi, Okayama Prefecture, Japan. Three D51 steam locomotives were used on the Hakubi Line to haul freight until 1972 (at the time of the Nunohara signal box), and the place is famous with train aficionados for taking pictures of them. Now it is famous for its fall colors, and many people visit the area to take pictures of the changing seasons. Nunohara Station is one of the "hikyō stations," or a station considered secluded or less known.

Okayama Airport

Okayama Airport (岡山空港, Okayama Kūkō) (IATA: OKJ, ICAO: RJOB) is an airport in Okayama Prefecture, Japan. It is also known as Okayama Momotaro Airport.

It is located 18 km (11 mi) northwest of central Okayama City and 11.5 km (7.1 mi) northwest or 30 minutes by bus from Okayama Station. It is about 10 minutes from the Okayama interchange, Sanyo Expressway.

Okayama International Circuit

Okayama International Circuit (岡山国際サーキット), named TI Circuit Aida (TIサーキット英田) until December 31, 2004, is a 3.7-kilometre (2.3 mi) private motorsport race track in Mimasaka, Okayama Prefecture, Japan. TI was the abbreviation of "Tanaka International" after the name of the golf club owner, Hajime Tanaka, though the name of the circuit was officially "TI Circuit Aida".

As well as hosting racing events, the circuit has rental facilities including bikes and go karts available.

Okayama Station

Okayama Station (岡山駅, Okayama-eki) is a railway station in Kita-ku, Okayama, Okayama Prefecture, Japan. The station is operated by West Japan Railway Company (JR West).

Sōja

Sōja (総社市, Sōja-shi) is a city located in Okayama Prefecture, Japan.

As of October 1, 2016, the city has an estimated population of 67,059 and a population density of 320 persons per km². The total area is 212.00 km².

TV Setouchi

TV Setouchi Broadcasting Co., Ltd. (テレビせとうち株式会社, Terebi Setouchi Kabushikigaisha) (TSC) is a TV station in Japan.

It is one of the TX Network (TXN) stations, broadcasting in Okayama Prefecture and Kagawa Prefecture, and it is the only TXN's TV station in Chugoku-Shikoku region.

Although it is a local station, TV Setouchi produced six anime that were broadcast nationwide on TXN:

Idol Densetsu Eriko (1989–90)

Idol Angel Yokoso Yoko (1990–91)

Getter Robo Go (1991–92)

Floral Magician Mary Bell (1992–93)

The Irresponsible Captain Tylor (1993)

Shima Shima Tora no Shimajirō (1993-2008)

Takahashi River

The Takahashi River (高梁川, Takahashi-gawa) is a Class A major river in the western part of Okayama Prefecture. It acts as the main drainage for the Takahashi River Drainage System, and is one of the three main drainage rivers in Okayama Prefecture (the others being the Yoshii River and the Asahi River).

Takashima Station

Takashima Station (高島駅, Takashima-eki) is a railway station in Okayama, Okayama Prefecture, Japan, operated by West Japan Railway Company (JR West).

Tryhoop Okayama

The Tryhoop Okayama is a professional basketball team that will compete in the third division of the Japanese B.League.

Tsuyama Line

The Tsuyama Line (津山線, Tsuyama-sen) is a railway line operated by West Japan Railway Company (JR West) connecting Okayama and Tsuyama in Okayama Prefecture, Japan.

Yoshii River

The Yoshii River is a river in Okayama Prefecture, Japan.

Yukiharu Miki

Yukiharu Miki (三木 行治, Miki Yukiharu, May 1, 1903 – September 21, 1964) was a Japanese physician and politician. He served as Governor for the Okayama Prefecture from May 3, 1951 until he died September 21, 1964. During his period as governor, the prefecture went through considerable modernisation, becoming an important industrial district.Yukiharu Miki was awarded the 1964 Ramon Magsaysay Award for Government Service.

Shadow picture of Okayama Prefecture Okayama Prefecture
Wards of Okayama
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