Ohio's 20th congressional district

The 20th Congressional district of Ohio was created after the 1840 census. It was eliminated in the redistricting following the 1990 census, and redistricted and renumbered as the 10th district.

In its last decade, the district consisted of central Cuyahoga county.

List of representatives

Representative Party Congress(es) Year(s) Notes
District created March 4, 1843
Joshua Reed Giddings 35th Congress 1859 Joshua Reed Giddings Whig 28th30th March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1849
Redistricted from
the 16th district
Free Soil 31st33rd March 4, 1849 –
March 3, 1855
Opposition 34th March 4, 1855 –
March 3, 1857
Republican 35th March 4, 1857 –
March 3, 1859
John Hutchins Brady Handy.03533 John Hutchins 36th37th March 4, 1859 –
March 3, 1863
District inactive 38th42nd March 4, 1863 –
March 3, 1873
District inactive
Richard C. Parsons history of ohio Richard C. Parsons Republican 43rd March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1875
Henry B Payne 002 Henry B. Payne Democratic 44th March 4, 1875 –
March 3, 1877
ATownsend Amos Townsend Republican 45th47th March 4, 1877 –
March 3, 1883
David R. Paige sketch David R. Paige Democratic 48th March 4, 1883 –
March 4, 1885
Mckin William McKinley Republican 49th March 4, 1885 –
March 3, 1887
Redistricted to
the 18th district
George W. Crouse sketch George W. Crouse 50th March 4, 1887 –
March 3, 1889
Martin L. Smyser 003 Martin L. Smyser 51st March 4, 1889 –
March 3, 1891
Vincent A. Taylor Vincent A. Taylor 52nd March 4, 1891 –
March 3, 1893
William J. White William J. White 53rd March 4, 1893 –
March 3, 1895
Clifton Bailey Beach Clifton B. Beach 54th55th March 4, 1895 –
March 3, 1899
Fremont O. Phillips 001 Fremont O. Phillips 56th March 4, 1899 –
March 3, 1901
Jacob A. Beidler Jacob A. Beidler 57th59th March 4, 1901 –
March 3, 1907
L. Paul Howland L. Paul Howland 60th62nd March 4, 1907 –
March 3, 1913
William Gordon (Ohio politician)-hec.17530 William Gordon Democratic 63rd65th March 4, 1913 –
March 3, 1919
Charles A. Mooney-hec.19385 Charles A. Mooney 66th March 4, 1919 –
March 3, 1921
Miner G. Norton-npcc.21497 Miner G. Norton Republican 67th March 4, 1921 –
March 3, 1923
Charles A. Mooney-hec.19385 Charles A. Mooney Democratic 68th72nd March 4, 1923 –
May 29, 1931
Died
Martin L Sweeney 1939 Martin L. Sweeney 72nd77th November 3, 1931 –
January 3, 1943
Michael A. Feighan 91st Congress 1969 Michael A. Feighan 78th91st January 3, 1943 –
January 3, 1971
James V. Stanton 92nd Congress 1971 James V. Stanton 92nd94th January 3, 1971 –
January 3, 1977
MROakar Mary Rose Oakar 95th102nd January 3, 1977 –
January 3, 1993
District inactive 103rd
present
January 3, 1993 –
Present
District inactive

Election results

The following chart shows historic election results. Bold type indicates victor. Italic type indicates incumbent.

Year Democratic Republican Other
1990 Mary Rose Oakar*: 109,390 Bill Smith: 39,749  
1988 Mary Rose Oakar: 146,715 Michael Sajna: 30,944  
1986 Mary Rose Oakar: 110,976 Bill Smith: 19,794  
1984 Mary Rose Oakar: 167,115    
1982 Mary Rose Oakar: 133,603 Paris T. LeJeune: 17,675 Louis Haberbush: 1,930
MIlton R. Norris (L): 2,844
1980 Mary Rose Oakar: 96,217    
1978 Mary Rose Oakar: 76,973    
1976 Mary Rose Oakar: 98,785   Raymond J. Grabow: 20,553
Theodore Held III: 2,638
1974 James Vincent Stanton: 86,405 Robert A. Frantz: 12,991  
1972 James Vincent Stanton: 117,302 Thomas E. Vilt: 16,624 Richard B. Kay (AI): 5,285
1970 James Vincent Stanton: 70,140 J. William Petro: 16,118  
1968 Michael A. Feighan: 72,918 J. William Petro: 27,827  
1966 Michael A. Feighan: 63,629 Clarence E. McLeod: 20,034  
1964 Michael A. Feighan: 115,675 Joseph A. Cipollone: 39,747  
1962 Michael A. Feighan: 91,544 Leonard G. Richter: 37,325  
1960 Michael A. Feighan: 113,302 Leonard G. Richter: 53,845  
1958 Michael A. Feighan: 113,200 Malvern E. Schultz: 29,308  
1956 Michael A. Feighan: 105,562 John H. Ferguson: 56,209  
1954 Michael A. Feighan: 81,304 John H. Ferguson: 38,865  
1952 Michael A. Feighan: 109,211 John H. Ferguson: 58,271  
1950 Michael A. Feighan: 60,565 Paul W. Cassidy: 21,044  
1948 Michael A. Feighan: 64,241    
1946 Michael A. Feighan: 49,670 Walter E. Obert: 24,476  
1944 Michael A. Feigan: 75,218 A. R. McNamara: 23,945  
1942 Michael A. Feighan: 34,462 Harry T. Marshall: 14,001 Marie R. Sweeney: 7,289
1940 Martin L. Sweeney: 72,395 George Pillersdorf: 34,605  
1938 Martin L. Sweeney: 54,185 Thomas F. McCafferty: 22,775  
1936 Martin L. Sweeney: 54,295 Blase A. Buonpane: 23,367 John L. Mihelich: 22,158
1934 Martin L. Sweeney: 50,611 Joseph E. Cassidy: 21,952 A. Landy (C): 1,562
Sidney Yellen (S): 433
1932 Martin L. Sweeney**: 52,933   John Fromholz (C): 650
1930 Charles A. Mooney: 42,123 Max D. Gustin: 13,824  
1928 Charles A. Mooney: 47,313 Oscar V. Hensley: 28,381 John Foley (W): 261
1926 Charles A. Mooney: 22,050    
1924 Charles A. Mooney: 34,173 Harvey Drucker: 22,507 C. E. Ruthenberg (W): 569
1922 Charles A. Mooney: 23,469 Miner G. Norton: 17,968 John G. Willett (S): 1,381
James Goward (SL): 198
James A. Murphy: 128
1920 Charles A. Mooney: 27,223 Miner G. Norton: 35,483 Nicholas P. Geiger: 711

References

  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present

External links

Coordinates: 41°25′N 81°40′W / 41.417°N 81.667°W

Amos Townsend

Amos Townsend (1821 – March 17, 1895) was a U.S. Representative from Ohio.

Born in Brownsville, Pennsylvania, Townsend attended the common schools of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and clerked in a store in Pittsburgh. He moved to Mansfield, Ohio, in 1839 and engaged in mercantile pursuits. He served as United States marshal during the Kansas troubles. He moved to Cleveland, Ohio, in 1858 and engaged in the wholesale grocery business. He served as member of the Cleveland City Council 1866-1876, serving as president for seven years. He served as member of the State constitutional convention in 1873.

Townsend was elected as a Republican to the Forty-fifth, Forty-sixth, and Forty-seventh Congresses (March 4, 1877 – March 3, 1883). He served as chairman of the Committee on Railways and Canals (Forty-seventh Congress). He declined renomination. He served as member of a wholesale foodpacking firm. He died while on a visit to St. Augustine, Florida, March 17, 1895. He was interred in Lake View Cemetery, Cleveland, Ohio.

Charles A. Mooney

Charles Anthony Mooney (January 5, 1879 – May 29, 1931) was a five-term U.S. Representative from Ohio.

Born in St. Marys, Auglaize County, Ohio, Mooney attended the public and Jesuit schools. He was graduated from St. Marys High School in 1895, and then engaged in the local life insurance business. He moved to Cleveland, Ohio, in 1910 and continued the life insurance business. He served as member of the Ohio Senate from 1915 to 1919.

Mooney was elected as a Democrat to the Sixty-sixth Congress (March 4, 1919 – March 3, 1921). He was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1920 to the Sixty-seventh Congress. He served as delegate to the Democratic National Conventions in 1920, 1924, and 1928.

Mooney was elected to the Sixty-eighth and to the four succeeding Congresses and served from March 4, 1923, until his death in Cleveland, Ohio, on May 29, 1931.

He was interred in Gethsemane Cemetery, St. Marys, Ohio.

Clifton B. Beach

Clifton Bailey Beach (September 16, 1845 – November 15, 1902) was a U.S. Representative from Ohio.

Born in Sharon Township, Medina County, Ohio, Beach moved to Cleveland with his parents in 1857.

He attended the common schools and was graduated from Western Reserve College in Hudson, Ohio, known now as Case Western Reserve University, in 1871.

He studied law.

He was admitted to the bar in 1872 and commenced practice in Cleveland.

He served as deputy collector of customs at Cleveland.

He retired from the practice of law in 1884 and engaged in the manufacture of wire nails, staples, and rods.

Beach was elected as a Republican to the Fifty-fourth and Fifty-fifth Congresses (March 4, 1895 – March 3, 1899).

He was not a candidate for renomination in 1898.

He resumed his former manufacturing pursuits in Cleveland.

He died at Rocky River, Ohio, November 15, 1902.

He was interred in Lake View Cemetery, Cleveland, Ohio.

David R. Paige

David Raymond Paige (April 8, 1844 – June 30, 1901) was a U.S. Representative from Ohio.

Born in Madison, Ohio, Paige attended the public schools and Western Reserve Academy, Hudson, Ohio.

He was graduated from Union College, Schenectady, New York, in 1865.

He engaged in the hardware business in Akron, Ohio.

Treasurer of Summit County 1875-1879.

Paige was elected as a Democrat to the Forty-eighth Congress (March 4, 1883 – March 3, 1885).

He engaged in the contracting business.

He died in New York City June 30, 1901.

He was interred in Evergreen Cemetery, Painesville, Ohio.

Paige was married to Ellen Lewis King of Akron, January 19, 1870. She died December 20, 1877, leaving two sons. He remarried December 22, 1884 to Eva Bell Leek of Cleveland, Ohio.

Fremont O. Phillips

Fremont Orestes Phillips (March 16, 1856 – February 21, 1936) was a U.S. Representative from Ohio.

George S. Myers (judge)

George S. Myers (April 21, 1881 – May 9, 1940) was a Democratic lawyer from Cleveland, Ohio, in the United States, who served in all three branches of the Ohio state government. He served two terms in the Ohio House of Representatives, two terms as Ohio Secretary of State, and finished his life as a judge on the Ohio Supreme Court.

Jacob A. Beidler

Jacob Atlee Beidler (November 2, 1852 – September 13, 1912) was a U.S. Representative from Ohio.

James V. Stanton

James Vincent Stanton (born February 27, 1932) was a U.S. Representative from Ohio.

Born in Cleveland, Ohio, Stanton graduated from Holy Name High School in 1949 and then served in the United States Air Force from 1950 to 1954, during the Korean War. He earned an A.B. from the University of Dayton in 1958, and a J.D. from the Cleveland-Marshall College of Law in 1961. He became a member of the Ohio bar association that year, and went into private practice.

Stanton served as a member of the Cleveland city council from 1959 to 1970, serving as president from 1964 to 1970. He was then elected as a Democrat to the 92nd and to the two succeeding Congresses (January 3, 1971 – January 3, 1977). In his last Congress, he was instrumental in getting House Doorkeeper William "Fishbait" Miller defeated by the House Caucus and installed his friend and protégé James Molloy in Miller's place. Molloy kept the office until it was abolished in 1995.

Stanton was not a candidate for reelection to the House of Representatives in 1976, but was an unsuccessful candidate for nomination to the United States Senate. He supported the man who bested him in the primary, Howard Metzenbaum. Though he had been instrumental in that body in a few years, he tired of the slow progress a member encountered in gaining stature in such a body.

After his political career, Stanton resumed the practice of law in Washington, D.C. from 1977 to 1981. He served as executive vice president of Delaware North Companies in Buffalo, New York, from 1981 to 1988. He went on to earn an A.M.P. from Harvard University Business School in 1984. He is a resident of Potomac, Maryland.

In the 2012 election, he endorsed Republican nominee Mitt Romney over his party's nominee President Barack Obama.

John Hutchins

John Hutchins (July 25, 1812 – November 20, 1891) was a U.S. Representative from Ohio.

L. Paul Howland

Leonard Paul Howland (December 5, 1865 – December 23, 1942) was a U.S. Representative from Ohio.

Paul Howland was born in Jefferson, Ohio. Howland completed preparatory studies. He graduated from Oberlin College (Ohio) in 1887 and from the law department of Harvard University in 1890. He was admitted to the bar in 1890 and commenced practice in Jefferson, Ohio. He moved to Cleveland in 1894 and continued the practice of law. He served as second lieutenant, squadron adjutant, First Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Cavalry, during the Spanish–American War.

Howland was elected as a Republican to the Sixtieth, Sixty-first, and Sixty-second Congresses (March 4, 1907 – March 3, 1913). He was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1912 to the Sixty-third Congress. He was one of the managers appointed by the House of Representatives in 1912 to conduct the impeachment proceedings against Robert W. Archbald, judge of the United States Commerce Court. He resumed the practice of law. He served as delegate to the Republican National Conventions in 1916, 1920, and 1924. He died in Cleveland, Ohio, December 23, 1942. He was interred in Lake View Cemetery.

Martin L. Smyser

Martin Luther Smyser (April 3, 1851 – May 6, 1908) was a U.S. Representative from Ohio.

Born on a farm in Plain Township, Wayne County, Ohio, Smyser attended the common schools and was graduated from Wittenberg College, Springfield, Ohio, in 1870.

He studied law at Wooster under Lyman R. Critchfield.

He was admitted to the bar in 1872 and practiced in Wooster.

In 1873 he entered into partnership with Addison S. McClure.Smyser was elected prosecuting attorney of Wayne County in 1872 and served one term.

He served as delegate to the Republican National Conventions in 1884 and 1888.

Smyser was elected as a Republican to the Fifty-first Congress (March 4, 1889 – March 3, 1891).

He was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1890 to the Fifty-second Congress.

He resumed the practice of law in Wooster.

He was appointed to the Ohio District Courts of Appeals, January 15, 1898, by Governor Bushnell.Smyser was elected as a Republican to the Fifty-ninth Congress (March 4, 1905 – March 3, 1907).

He was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1906 to the Sixtieth Congress.

He continued the practice of law in Wooster, Ohio, until his death in that city May 6, 1908.

He was interred in Wooster Cemetery.

Martin L. Sweeney

Martin Leonard Sweeney (April 15, 1885 – May 1, 1960) was a U.S. Representative from Ohio and the father of Robert E. Sweeney.

Mary Rose Oakar

Mary Rose Oakar (born March 5, 1940) is an American Democratic politician and former member of the United States House of Representatives from Ohio, the first Democratic woman elected to the United States Congress from that state. Oakar was also the first woman of Arab-American (Syrian and Lebanese) ancestry to serve in Congress. She is currently a member of the Ohio State Board of Education.

Michael A. Feighan

Michael Aloysius Feighan (February 16, 1905 – March 19, 1992) was an American politician from Lakewood, Ohio, near Cleveland. He served as a member of the Ohio House of Representatives, and as a Democratic Party U.S. Representative from 1943 to 1971, serving Ohio's 20th congressional district.

Originally, he was recruited by national Democrats who wanted to replace Congressman Martin L. Sweeney (D-OH), who had for eleven years held the seat representing the west side of Cleveland. They considered Sweeney to be too isolationist; for example, he had argued against enacting Lend-Lease to the United Kingdom.

After Feighan had served almost three decades in the House of Representatives, some local Democratic officials, led by Cleveland City Council President James V. Stanton, had grown tired of his leadership. Sensing that they could not beat Feighan in one election, they set up a stalking horse running a Michael Sweeney, a local lawyer with a good political name. Sweeney lost, but his vote total showed that Feighan could be vulnerable in a rematch. Two years later, in 1970, Stanton himself ran and defeated Feighan in the Democratic primary, concluding Feighan's political career.

During the legislation of the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965 Feighan insisted that "family unification" should take priority in immigration policy over "employability", on the premise that such a weighting would maintain the existing ethnic profile of the country. That change instead resulted in chain migration dominating the subsequent patterns of immigration to the United States and consequently a more ethnically diverse population.

Miner G. Norton

Miner Gibbs Norton (May 11, 1857 – September 7, 1926) was a U.S. Representative from Ohio.

Born in Andover, Ohio, Norton attended the public schools, the National Normal University, Lebanon, Ohio, and Baldwin-Wallace College, Berea, Ohio.

He graduated from Mount Union College, Alliance, Ohio, in 1878 and from the law department of Yale College in 1880.

He was admitted to the bar in the latter year and commenced practice in Cleveland, Ohio.

He served as director of law of Cleveland, Ohio 1895-1899.

He served as chairman of the Republican State executive committee in the early nineties.

United States appraiser for the northern district of Ohio 1905-1909.

Norton was elected as a Republican to the Sixty-seventh Congress (March 4, 1921 – March 3, 1923).

He was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1922 to the Sixty-eighth Congress.

He resumed the practice of law in Cleveland.

He was appointed by President Coolidge collector of customs at Cleveland on February 7, 1925, and served until his death in Cleveland, Ohio, September 7, 1926.

He was interred in Oakdale Cemetery, Jefferson, Ohio.

Ohio's congressional districts

Ohio is divided into 16 congressional districts, each represented by a member of the United States House of Representatives. After the 2010 Census, Ohio lost two House seats due to slow population growth compared to the national average, and a new map was signed into law on September 26, 2011.

Vincent A. Taylor

Vincent Albert Taylor (December 6, 1845 – December 2, 1922) was a soldier, businessman, and single-term U.S. Representative from Ohio.

William Gordon (Ohio politician)

William Gordon (December 15, 1862 – January 16, 1942) was a lawyer, politician, businessman, and three-term U.S. Representative from Ohio.

William J. White (politician)

William John White (October 7, 1850 – February 16, 1923) was a U.S. Representative from Ohio.

Born at Rice Lake, Ontario, Canada, White moved to the United States in 1857 with his parents, who settled in Cleveland, Ohio. He attended the district schools. He entered business as a candy maker in 1869, and later began the manufacture of chewing gum. He served as mayor of West Cleveland in 1889.

His wife, Ellen Maria Mansfield, was born in Cleveland, Ohio, and was the daughter of Orange and Marietta Mansfield. They had several children. and were later divorced.

White was elected as a Republican to the Fifty-third Congress (March 4, 1893 – March 3, 1895). He declined to be a candidate for renomination in 1894. He was first president of the American Chicle Co. and later president of the W.J. White Chicle Co.. He died in Cleveland, Ohio, on February 16, 1923.

He was interred in Lake View Cemetery.

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