Odiniidae

Odiniidae is a small family of flies. There are only 58 described species but there are representatives in all the major biogeographic realms.

Life histories are known for only few species of Odinia, and no biological information is available for the majority of species in the family. Known odiniid larvae live in the tunnels of wood-boring larvae of Coleoptera, Lepidoptera, and other Diptera and function as scavengers or predators of the host larvae. One species, Turanodinia coccidarum Stackelberg, has been reared from the egg masses of Pseudococcus comstocki Kuwana, a mealybug.[1]

Odiniidae
EuropäischenZweiflügeligen1790TafCCXLV
Odinia maculata figured in Europäischen Zweiflügeligen (fig. 9)
Scientific classification
Kingdom:
Phylum:
Class:
Order:
Superfamily:
Family:
Odiniidae
Subfamilies
  • Odiniinae
  • Traginopinae
Odinia cf. boletina on Fomes fomentarius

Family description

See [1] which as well as text has excellent illustrations of Odinia viz [2].

Taxonomy

  • Subfamily Traginopinae
  • Coganodinia Gaimari & Mathis, 2008
  • Helgreelia Gaimari, 2007[2]
  • Lopesiodinia Prado, 1973[2]
  • Neoschildomyia Gaimari, 2007[2]
  • Neotraginops Prado, 1973[2]
  • Paratraginops Hendel, 1917
  • Pradomyia Gaimari, 2007
  • Schildomyia Malloch, 1926[2]
  • Shewellia Hennig, 1969[2]
  • Traginops Coquillett, 1900

Identification

  • Cogan, B.H.,1975 New Taxa in Two Families Previously Unrecorded from the Ethiopian Region(Diptera, Odiniidae and Diastatidae). Ann. Natal Mus. 22(2):471-488. Key to Afrotropic genera and species.
  • Prado, A. P., 1973 Contribuicão ao Conhecimento da Familia Odiniidae (Diptera, Acalyptratae). Studia Entomologica, Petrópolis, v. 16, n. 1-4, p. 481-510. Keys world genera.
  • Collin, J.E. (1952), On the European species of the genus Odinia R.-D. (Diptera: Odiniidae). Proceedings of the Royal entomological Society of London (B) 21: 110-116.

Other literature

  • Papp, L., 1978 71. család: Odiniidae - Taplólegyek.In: Dély-Draskovits Á. & Papp L., Taplólegyek - Gabonalegyek. Odiniidae - Chloropidae. Fauna Hung., 133, 202 pp. Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest. (In Hungarian).
  • Przemysław Trojan, 1962 Odiniidae, Clusiidae, Anthomyzidae, Opomyzidae, Tethinidae in (series) Klucze do oznaczania owadów Polski, 28,54/58; Muchowki = Diptera, 54/58 Publisher Warszawa : Państwowe Wydawnictwo Naukowe (In Polish)

Species lists

External links

Sources

  1. ^ Papp, L. Papp, L.; Darvas, B. (eds.). 3.18. Family Odiniidae, in: Contributions to a Manual of Palaearctic Diptera (Print). 3 Higher Brachycera. Budapest: Science Herald. pp. 233–242.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Gaimari, Stephen D. (2007). "Three new Neotropical genera of Odiniidae (Diptera: Acalyptratae)". Zootaxa. New Zealand: Magnolia Press. 1443: 1–16. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.1443.1.1. ISSN 1175-5334.
Acalyptratae

The Acalyptratae or Acalyptrata are a subsection of the Schizophora, which are a section of the order Diptera, the "true flies". In various contexts the Acalyptratae also are referred to informally as the acalyptrate muscoids, or acalyptrates, as opposed to the Calyptratae. All forms of the name refer to the lack of calypters in the members of this subsection of flies. An alternative name, Acalypterae is current, though in minority usage. It was first used by Justin Pierre Marie Macquart in 1835 for a section of his tribe Muscides; he used it to refer to all acalyptrates plus scathophagids and phorids, but excluding Conopidae.

The confusing forms of the names stem from their first usage; Acalyptratae and Acalyptrata actually are adjectival forms in New Latin. They were coined in the mid 19th century in contexts such as "Muscae Calyptratae and Acalyptratae" and "Diptera Acalyptrata", and the forms stuck.The Acalyptratae are a large assemblage, exhibiting very diverse habits, with one notable and perhaps surprising exception: no known acalyptrates are obligate blood-feeders (hematophagous), though blood feeding at various stages of the life history is common throughout other Dipteran sections.

Anthomyzidae

The Anthomyzidae are small, slender, yellow to black flies with narrow and elongated wings, which may have distinct markings. Some species have greatly reduced wings. Fewer than 100 species are known, mostly from Europe. Although they occur in all major regions, they seem to be most varied in the Holarctic region.

Around 20 diverse genera have been placed in the family. Two, Teratomyza and Teratoptera, are now in the Teratomyzidae, and Cyamops and Stenomicra are in the Stenomicridae. Melanthomyza Malloch from Chile should probably not be retained in the family. The remaining genera are very similar to one another.

Asilomorpha

The Brachyceran infraorder Asilomorpha is a large and diverse group of flies, containing the bulk of the nonmuscoid Brachycera. The larvae of asilomorphs are extremely diverse in habits, as well.

Asteiidae

Asteiidae is a small but widespread family of acalyptrate flies or Diptera. About 130 species in 10 genera have been described worldwide. They are rarely collected.

Aulacigastridae

Aulacigastridae is a very small family of flies known as sap flies. The family Stenomicridae used to be included within this family, but was moved by Papp in 1984. They are found in all the Ecoregions.

Calyptratae

Calyptratae is a subsection of Schizophora in the insect order Diptera, commonly referred to as the calyptrate muscoids (or simply calyptrates). It consists of those flies which possess a calypter that covers the halteres, among which are some of the most familiar of all flies, such as the house fly.

About 18,000 described species are in this group, or about 12% of all the flies yet described.

Chironomoidea

The Chironomoidea are a superfamily within the order Diptera, suborder Nematocera, infraorder Culicomorpha. This superfamily contains the families Chironomidae, Ceratopogonidae, Simuliidae, and Thaumaleidae. One of the more important characteristics used to define them is the form of the larval mouthparts.

Odinia

Odinia is a genus of flies in the family Odiniidae. There are at least 20 described species in Odinia.

Odinia boletina

Odinia boletina is a species of fly in the family Odiniidae. It is found in the Palearctic .

Odinia conspicua

Odinia conspicua is a species of fly in the family Odiniidae.

Oestroidea

Oestroidea is a superfamily of Calyptratae including the blow flies, bot flies, flesh flies, and their relatives.The superfamily includes the families:

Calliphoridae

Mesembrinellidae (formerly included in Calliphoridae)

Mystacinobiidae

Oestridae

Rhiniidae (formerly included in Calliphoridae)

Rhinophoridae

Sarcophagidae

Tachinidae

Ulurumyiidae

Opomyzidae

Opomyzidae is a family of acalyptrate Diptera. They are generally small, slender, yellow, brown or black coloured flies. The larval food plants are grasses, including cereal crops, the adults are mainly found in open habitats. Some species being agricultural pests.

Opomyzoidea

The Opomyzoidea are a superfamily of flies.

Periscelididae

Periscelididae is a family of flies.

Tabanoidea

Superfamily Tabanoidea are insects in the order Diptera.

Tephritoidea

The Tephritoidea are a superfamily of flies. The following families are included:

Pallopteridae — flutter flies

Piophilidae — skippers

Platystomatidae — signal flies

Pyrgotidae

Richardiidae

Tephritidae — fruit flies

Ulidiidae (Otitidae) — picture-winged fliesThe Tachiniscinae, formerly ranked as the family Tachiniscidae, are now included in the Tephritidae.

Tipulomorpha

The Tipulomorpha are an infraorder of Nematocera, containing the crane flies, a very large group, and allied families.

One recent classification based largely on fossils splits this group into a series of extinct superfamilies (below), and includes members of other infraorders, but this has not gained wide acceptance.

Traginops

Traginops is a genus of flies in the family Odiniidae. There are about six described species in Traginops.

Traginops irroratus

Traginops irroratus is a species of fly in the family Odiniidae.

Extant Diptera families

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