Ochthoeca

Ochthoeca is a genus of passerine birds in the family Tyrannidae.

The genus contains eight species:[1]

The genus Ochthoeca formerly included some species that are now placed in the genus Silvicultrix.

Ochthoeca
Brown-backed Chat-Tyrant - Colombia S4E1525
Brown-backed chat-tyrant
(Ochthoeca fumicolor)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Tyrannidae
Genus: Ochthoeca
Cabanis, 1847
Species

see text

References

  1. ^ Gill, Frank; Donsker, David, eds. (2017). "Tyrant flycatchers". World Bird List Version 7.3. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 12 January 2018.
Blackish chat-tyrant

The blackish chat-tyrant (Ochthoeca nigrita) is a species of passerine bird in the tyrant flycatcher family. It is found in eastern Venezuela. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist montane forests and heavily degraded former forest.

The species was formerly treated as conspecific with the slaty-backed chat-tyrant (Ochthoeca cinnamomeiventris).

Brown-backed chat-tyrant

The brown-backed chat-tyrant (Ochthoeca fumicolor) is a species of bird in the family Tyrannidae. It is found in Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela.

Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist montane forests, subtropical or tropical high-altitude grassland, and heavily degraded former forest.

Crowned chat-tyrant

The crowned chat-tyrant (Silvicultrix frontalis) is a species of bird in the tyrant flycatcher family.

D'Orbigny's chat-tyrant

The D'Orbigny's chat-tyrant (Ochthoeca oenanthoides) is a species of bird in the family Tyrannidae.

It is found in Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, and Peru.

Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist montane forests and subtropical or tropical high-altitude shrubland.

Drab water tyrant

The drab water tyrant (Ochthornis littoralis) is a species of bird in the family Tyrannidae, the tyrant flycatchers, and is the only species in the monotypic genus Ochthornis. It is found in Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, and Venezuela, where its natural habitat is rivers.

Golden-browed chat-tyrant

The golden-browed chat-tyrant (Silvicultrix pulchella) is a species of passerine bird in the family Tyrannidae. It is found in the Yungas of Peru and Bolivia.

Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist montane forests.

Jelski's chat-tyrant

The Jelski's chat-tyrant (Silvicultrix jelskii) is a species of passerine bird in the family Tyrannidae. It is found Peru and southern Ecuador. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist montane forests.

Kalinowski's chat-tyrant

Kalinowski's chat-tyrant or Peruvian chat-tyrant (Silvicultrix spodionota) is a species of passerine bird in the tyrant flycatcher family. It is found in Bolivia and Peru. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist montane forests.

This bird was previously considered to be the subspecies of the crowned chat-tyrant (Silvicultrix frontalis).

List of tyrant flycatcher species

The International Ornithological Congress (IOC) recognizes 436 species in family Tyrannidae, the tyrant flycatchers. The IOC list includes genus Piprites, which the Clements taxonomy places in family Pipridae (manakins) and the South American Classification Committee (SACC) of the American Ornithological Society considers incertae sedis. The list does not include the several species in genera Myiobius, Onychorhynchus, and Terenotriccus which Clements and the SACC do include in Tyrannidae.This list is presented according to the IOC taxonomic sequence and can also be sorted alphabetically by common name and binomial.

Maroon-belted chat-tyrant

The maroon-belted chat-tyrant (Ochthoeca cinnamomeiventris thoracica), also known as the maroon-chested chat-tyrant, is a subspecies of bird in the tyrant flycatcher family. It is found in northern South America. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist montane forests and heavily degraded former forest.

Patagonian tyrant

The Patagonian tyrant (Colorhamphus parvirostris) is a species of bird in the family Tyrannidae, the only one in the genus Colorhamphus. It is found in Argentina and Chile. Its natural habitat is temperate forests. Though it is a primarily insectivorous species, it has been seen also to eat the seeds of mayten and the fruit of leñadura.

Piura chat-tyrant

The Piura chat-tyrant (Ochthoeca piurae) is a species of bird in the family Tyrannidae. It is endemic to Peru.

Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical high-altitude shrubland. It is threatened by habitat loss.

Rufous-breasted chat-tyrant

The rufous-breasted chat-tyrant (Ochthoeca rufipectoralis) is a species of bird in the family Tyrannidae. It is found in Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela.

Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist montane forests and heavily degraded former forest.

Sibley-Monroe checklist 10

The Sibley-Monroe checklist was a landmark document in the study of birds. It drew on extensive DNA-DNA hybridisation studies to reassess the relationships between modern birds.

Silvicultrix

Silvicultrix is a genus of passerine birds in the family Tyrannidae.

The genus was erected by the American ornithologist Wesley E. Lanyon in 1986 with the yellow-bellied chat-tyrant (Silvicultrix diadema) as the type species.The genus contains five species:

Crowned chat-tyrant, Silvicultrix frontalis

Kalinowski's chat-tyrant, Silvicultrix spodionota

Golden-browed chat-tyrant Silvicultrix pulchella

Yellow-bellied chat-tyrant Silvicultrix diadema

Jelski's chat-tyrant Silvicultrix jelskiiThese species were formerly included in the genus Ochthoeca.

Slaty-backed chat-tyrant

The slaty-backed chat-tyrant (Ochthoeca cinnamomeiventris) is a species of bird in the tyrant flycatcher family. It is found in Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist montane forests and heavily degraded former forest.

The slaty-backed chat-tyrant was formerly treated as conspecific with the blackish chat-tyrant (Ochthoeca nigrita).

Tumbes tyrant

The Tumbes tyrant (Tumbezia salvini) is a species of bird in the family Tyrannidae. It is monotypic within the genus Tumbezia. It is endemic to Peru, where its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forest, subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest, and subtropical or tropical dry shrubland. It is threatened by habitat loss.

White-browed chat-tyrant

The white-browed chat-tyrant (Ochthoeca leucophrys) is a species of bird in the family Tyrannidae. It is found in the Puna grassland.

Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical high-altitude shrubland.

Yellow-bellied chat-tyrant

The yellow-bellied chat-tyrant (Silvicultrix diadema) is a species of passerine bird in the family Tyrannidae. It is 12–12.5 cm (4.7–4.9 in) in length. It is a chunky bird with a short, thin bill. It is mostly olive with an ochre yellow forehead and long yellow eyebrow. It has dusky colored wings and tail with two rufous tail bars. It is mostly found in Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela. It feeds in separated pairs hunting near the ground in foliage.

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