Obec

Obec (plural: obce or obcí) is the Czech and Slovak word for a municipality (in the Czech Republic, in Slovakia and abroad). The literal meaning of the word is "commune" or "community". It is the smallest administrative unit that is governed by elected representatives. Cities are also municipalities. The council is called "obecní zastupitelstvo/obecné zastupiteľstvo" or "zastupitelstvo města/mestské zastupiteľstvo" or "zastupitelstvo městyse", the office is called "obecní úřad/obecný úrad" or "úřad města/mestský úrad" or "úřad městyse". An obec can have its own flag and coat of arms and is composed of one or more cadastral areas ("katastrální území/katastrálne územia"). An obec can have several settlements or parts whether villages or hamlets.[1]

Slovakia

There are 2891 obcí in Slovakia as of 2008.[2]

After meeting certain conditions such as population over 5000, being well accessible, having cultural or economical significance and having an urban style of settlement an obec can be declared a town ("mesto").[1]

Czech Republic

The number of municipalities (Czech: obcí) in the Czech Republic is 6250 (in 2010).

Whole area of the republic including mountains, forests and national parks is divided into municipalities (excepting military grounds - see Unincorporated Areas of the Czech Republic). Smallest municipalities are shaped only by one small village, some by two or more villages or by the city and several villages. Mostly a municipality has the same name as the settlement where is the municipal office, but there are many exceptions: some municipalities have double name (Sedlec-Prčice, Brandýs nad Labem-Stará Boleslav), some municipalities have a name which have no its settlement (Orlické Podhůří) and some municipalities have the office in other part than in the "nominal".

The smallest Czech municipalities are Závist (0,42 km2) and Karlova Studánka (0,46 km2). The lowest number of the population has Vysoká Lhota (17 inhabitants by ČSÚ, 2013) and Čilá (18 inhabitants), many small municipalities have populations only of tens. Typical rural municipality has hundreds of inhabitants.

The biggest are Prague (496,09 km2, 1,3 mil. inh.), Brno (230,19 km2, 405 thous.), Ostrava (214,22 km2, 313 thous.) and by extent is the fourth Ralsko (170,23 km2, including a former military area, only 2 thousands inhabitants).

Every city (Czech: město) or town (Czech: městy) is an "obec" (some separately, some along with attached villages). Not even the biggest cities are divided into more municipalities, but several biggest cities ("statute cities") can have self-governing subdivisions, so-called city parts (městská část) or city circuits (městský obvod) which have standing partly similar to small municipalities.

Some of municipalities have only basic status of municipality, some have extended competencies of delegated state administration (pověřená obec, obec s rozšířenou působností) for the territory of the municipality and for surrounding (smaller) municipalities.

Město (a city) and městys (a town) is currently above all ceremonious honorary degree. Some municipalities have such title for historic reasons, though they are small. Smallest cities are Přebuz (population of 69 inhabitants) and Loučná pod Klínovcem (87 inhabitants). The law makes it possible to restitute by request a status of city or town for every municipality which lost it (during communist period). But a municipality which want to acquire status of city (město) firstly, must have population over 3000 and the improvement in status is subject of assessment by chairman of the parliament. For městys (towns) definite population are not a condition. The biggest of cities are "statute cities" and can have self-governing subdivisions. A special type of municipality is the capital Prague, which has simultaneously a status of municipality and a status of region and which is treated by special law.

List

  • List of municipalities in the Czech Republic: A - I
  • List of municipalities in the Czech Republic: J - M
  • List of municipalities in the Czech Republic: N - Ř
  • List of municipalities in the Czech Republic: S - Ž

References

  1. ^ a b "Zákona NR SR č. 369/1990 Zb. o obecnom zriadení" (in Slovak). www.zakonypreludi.sk. 2002-10-30.
  2. ^ "Urban and Municipal Statistics" (in Slovak). 2010-03-19. Archived from the original on January 11, 2008.

External links

See also

Bačice

Bačice is a village and municipality (obec) in Třebíč District in the Vysočina Region of the Czech Republic.

The municipality covers an area of 5.33 square kilometres (2.06 sq mi), and has a population of 215 (as at 2005).

Bačice lies approximately 18 kilometres (11 mi) south-east of Třebíč, 47 km (29 mi) south-east of Jihlava, and 161 km (100 mi) south-east of Prague.

Blažovice

Blažovice is a village and municipality (obec) in Brno-Country District in the South Moravian Region of the Czech Republic.

The municipality covers an area of 5.93 square kilometres (2.29 sq mi), and has a population of 1,084 (as at 3 July 2006).

Blažovice lies approximately 14 kilometres (9 mi) east of Brno and 200 km (124 mi) south-east of Prague.

Borovník

Borovník is a village and municipality (obec) in Brno-Country District in the South Moravian Region of the Czech Republic.

The municipality covers an area of 2.71 square kilometres (1.05 sq mi), and has a population of 81 (as at 2 October 2006).

Borovník lies approximately 33 kilometres (21 mi) north-west of Brno and 154 km (96 mi) south-east of Prague.

Heroltice

Heroltice is a village and municipality (obec) in the South Moravian Region of the Czech Republic.

The municipality covers an area of 3.41 square kilometres (1.32 sq mi), and has a population of 90 (as at 3 July 2006).

Heroltice lies approximately 20 kilometres (12 mi) north-west of Brno and south-east of Prague.

Hostim

Hostim is a village and municipality (obec) in Znojmo District in the South Moravian Region of the Czech Republic.

The municipality covers an area of 19 square kilometres (7.3 sq mi), and has a population of 429 (as at 1 January 2007).

Hostim lies approximately 21 kilometres (13 mi) north-west of Znojmo, 57 km (35 mi) west of Brno, and 160 km (99 mi) south-east of Prague.

Kuřimské Jestřabí

Kuřimské Jestřabí is a village and municipality (obec) in Brno-Country District in the South Moravian Region of the Czech Republic.

The municipality covers an area of 5.27 square kilometres (2.03 sq mi), and has a population of 125 (as at 2 October 2006).

Kuřimské Jestřabí lies approximately 27 kilometres (17 mi) north-west of Brno and 160 km (99 mi) south-east of Prague.

Malhostovice

Malhostovice is a village and municipality (obec) in Brno-Country District in the South Moravian Region of the Czech Republic.

The municipality covers an area of 11.5 square kilometres (4.4 sq mi), and has a population of 840 (as at 2 October 2006).

Malhostovice lies approximately 17 kilometres (11 mi) north-west of Brno and 173 km (107 mi) south-east of Prague.

Moutnice

Moutnice is a village and municipality (obec) in Brno-Country District in the South Moravian Region of the Czech Republic.

The municipality covers an area of 7.09 square kilometres (2.74 sq mi), and has a population of 1,180 (as at 3 July 2006).

Moutnice lies approximately 19 kilometres (12 mi) south-east of Brno and 203 km (126 mi) south-east of Prague.

Mělčany

Mělčany is a village and municipality (obec) in Brno-Country District in the South Moravian Region of the Czech Republic.

The municipality covers an area of 7.42 square kilometres (2.86 sq mi), and has a population of 485 (as at 3 July 2006).

Mělčany lies approximately 17 kilometres (11 mi) south-west of Brno and 187 km (116 mi) south-east of Prague.

National Fascist Community

The National Fascist Community (Czech: Národní obec fašistická, NOF, sometimes translated as National Fascist League) was a Czechoslovak Fascist movement led by Radola Gajda, and based on the Fascism of Benito Mussolini.

Okřešice

Okřešice is a village and municipality (obec) in Třebíč District in the Vysočina Region of the Czech Republic.

The municipality covers an area of 5.82 square kilometres (2.25 sq mi), and has a population of 165 (as at 2005).

Okřešice lies approximately 5 kilometres (3 mi) north-west of Třebíč, 25 km (16 mi) south-east of Jihlava, and 139 km (86 mi) south-east of Prague.

Orissa Baptist Evangelistic Crusade

Orissa Baptist Evangelistic Crusade (OBEC) is a Baptist Christian church body in the state of Odisha in Eastern India. It is affiliated to the Baptist World Alliance. Its headquarters is in Bhubaneswar. OBEC has 405,000 baptized members and more than 650,000 total communicant members in 3,865 churches.

Osek (Strakonice District)

Osek (German: Ossek) is a village and municipality (obec) in Strakonice District in the South Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic.

Pokojov

Pokojov is a village and municipality (obec) in Žďár nad Sázavou District in the Vysočina Region of the Czech Republic.

The municipality covers an area of 3.18 square kilometres (1.23 sq mi), and has a population of 153 (in 3 July 2006).

Pokojov lies approximately 10 kilometres (6 mi) south of Žďár nad Sázavou, 25 km (16 mi) north-east of Jihlava, and 126 km (78 mi) south-east of Prague.

Velatice

Velatice is a village and municipality (obec) in Brno-Country District in the South Moravian Region of the Czech Republic.

The municipality covers an area of 2.26 square kilometres (0.87 sq mi), and has a population of 621 (as at 3 July 2006).

Velatice lies approximately 10 kilometres (6 mi) east of Brno and 195 km (121 mi) south-east of Prague.

Vohančice

Vohančice is a village and municipality (obec) in Brno-Country District in the South Moravian Region of the Czech Republic.

The municipality covers an area of 3.39 square kilometres (1.31 sq mi), and has a population of 153 (as at 3 July 2006).

Vohančice lies approximately 22 kilometres (14 mi) north-west of Brno and 166 km (103 mi) south-east of Prague.

Záblatí (Žďár nad Sázavou District)

Záblatí is a village and municipality (obec) in Žďár nad Sázavou District in the Vysočina Region of the Czech Republic.

Čebín

Čebín is a village and municipality (obec) in Brno-Country District in the South Moravian Region of the Czech Republic.

The municipality covers an area of 7.17 square kilometres (2.77 sq mi), and has a population of 1,645 (as at 2005).

Čebín lies approximately 17 kilometres (11 mi) north-west of Brno and 172 km (107 mi) south-east of Prague.

Žatčany

Žatčany is a village and municipality (obec) in Brno-Country District in the South Moravian Region of the Czech Republic.

The municipality covers an area of 9.68 square kilometres (3.74 sq mi), and has a population of 782 (as at 3 July 2006).

Žatčany lies approximately 16 kilometres (10 mi) south-east of Brno and 201 km (125 mi) south-east of Prague.

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