Nyongbyon County

Nyŏngbyŏn County (also Ryŏngbyŏn; in standard Southern dialect: Yŏngbyŏn) is a county in North Pyŏngan province, North Korea. It borders the cities of Kaechŏn and Anju, and covers an area of 504 km².

Nyŏngbyŏn County

녕변군
Korean transcription(s)
 • McCune-ReischauerNyŏngbyŏn-gun
 • Revised RomanizationNyeongbyeon-gun (Yeongbyeon-gun)
Location of Nyŏngbyŏn County
CountryNorth Korea
ProvinceNorth P'yŏngan
Administrative divisions1 ŭp, 1 workers' district, 26 ri

Description

The city was heavily fortified during the 15th century as a result of its strategic position, and during the Josŏn Dynasty, became a famous retreat for the aristocratic ryangban due to its fantastic scenery. The city's Yaksan, meaning medicine mountain, was well known for its beautiful azaleas; the famous modern poet Kim So-wol wrote one of his best-known poems on this subject. Two other mountains, Yaksan-dongdae, east of Yaksan, and Moran Hill are also famous scenic spots. Nyŏngbyŏn also houses many important relics, including the Chŏnju and Soun Buddhist temples, dating from 1345 and 1684 respectively; the Ryuksung Pavilion, famous for "six scenic views" of Nyŏngbyŏn; and the Ch'ŏl'ong Castle, built to protect the city during the Ri Dynasty. The south gate of Nyŏngbyŏn, called Mannomun, is also famous.

Administrative divisions

Nyŏngbyŏn county is divided into 1 ŭp (town), 1 rodongjagu (workers' district) and 26 ri (villages):

  • Nyŏngbyŏn-ŭp (녕변읍)
  • Pharwŏn-rodongjagu (팔원로동자구)
  • Hacho-ri (하초리)
  • Hwaphyŏng-ri (화평리)
  • Kosŏng-ri (고성리)
  • Kuhang-ri (구항리)
  • Kusan-ri (구산리)
  • Kwanha-ri (관하리)
  • Mangil-ri (망일리)
  • Myŏngdŏk-ri (명덕리)
  • Namdŭng-ri (남등리)
  • Namsan-ri (남산리)
  • Obong-ri (오봉리)
  • Okchang-ri (옥창리)
  • Pongsan-ri (봉산리)
  • Ryongchu-ri (룡추리)
  • Ryonghwa-ri (룡화리)
  • Ryongpho-ri (룡포리)
  • Ryongsŏng-ri (룡성리)
  • Sejuk-ri (세죽리)
  • Sŏha-ri (서하리)
  • Songgang-ri (송강리)
  • Songhwa-ri (송화리)
  • Sŏsan-ri (서산리)
  • Sŏwi-ri (서위리)
  • Taejŏn-ri (대전리)
  • Tongnam-ri (동남리)
  • Yŏnha-ri (연하리)

Economy

The Nyŏngbyŏn Nuclear Scientific Research Centre, a major component of the North Korean nuclear program, is located here.

Transportation

The Chŏngnyŏn Pharwŏn Line of the Korean State Railway passes through Nyŏngbyŏn county.

See also

References

External links

Coordinates: 39°50′N 125°45′E / 39.833°N 125.750°E

Hyangsan County

Hyangsan County is a kun, or county, in North P'yŏngan province, North Korea. It was established, following the division of Korea, from portions of Nyŏngbyŏn county. The area of Myohyangsan mountain, which stands on the county's border, has been developed as a tourist destination. Accordingly, there are numerous tourism-related institutions in the Myohangsan area.

Hyun (Korean name)

Hyun, also spelled Hyeon, Hyon, or Hyoun, is an uncommon Korean family name, a single-syllable Korean given name, and a popular element in many two-syllable Korean given names.

Kujang County

Kujang County is a kun, or county, in southeastern North P'yŏngan province, North Korea. It was created in 1952 from part of Nyŏngbyŏn county, as part of a nationwide reorganization of local government. It borders Nyŏngbyŏn on the west, Hyangsan and Unsan counties on the north, Nyŏngwŏn on the east, and Kaech'ŏn and Tŏkch'ŏn cities to the south.

Nyongbyon Nuclear Scientific Research Center

The Nyongbyon Nuclear Scientific Research Center is North Korea's major nuclear facility, operating its first nuclear reactors. It is located in Nyongbyon County in North Pyongan Province, about 100 km north of Pyongyang. The center produced the fissile material for North Korea's six nuclear weapon tests from 2006 to 2017, and since 2009 is developing indigenous light water reactor nuclear power station technology.

Outline of North Korea

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to North Korea:

North Korea – sovereign country located on the northern half of the Korean Peninsula in East Asia. To the south, separated by the Korean Demilitarized Zone, lies South Korea, with which it formed one nation until division following World War II. At its northern Amnok River border are China and, separated by the Tumen River in the extreme north-east, Russia. The capital of North Korea is the city of Pyongyang.

North Korea is widely considered to be a Stalinist dictatorship. The country's government styles itself as following the Juche ideology of self-reliance, developed by Kim Il-sung, the country's former leader. The current leader is Kim Jong-un, the late president Kim Il-sung's grandson and son of recently deceased leader Kim Jong-il . Relations are strongest with other officially socialist states: Vietnam, Laos, and China, as well as with Russia, Cambodia, and Myanmar. Following a major famine in the early 1990s, due partly to the collapse of the Soviet Union (previously a major economic partner), leader Kim Jong-il instigated the "Military-First" policy in 1995, increasing economic concentration and support for the military.

North Korea's culture is officially promoted and heavily controlled by the government. The Arirang Festivals or "Mass Games" are government-organized events glorifying the regime, involving over 100,000 performers.

Pungang Line

The Pun'gang Line, also called the Nyŏngbyŏn Line, is a non-electrified railway line of the Korean State Railway in Nyŏngbyŏn County, North P'yŏngan Province, North Korea, running from P'arwŏn on the Ch'ŏngnyŏn P'arwŏn Line to Pun'gang. This line serves the Nyŏngbyŏn Nuclear Scientific Research Centre, located just south of Pun'gang Station.

Woo Yong-gak

Woo Yong-gak (born 29 November 1929) is a former North Korean commando who was released from incarceration in South Korea on 25 February 1999.He served 40 years, 7 months and 13 days in prison as one of South Korea's unconverted long-term prisoners. It has also been said that he "spent 41 years in solitary confinement". He returned to North Korea in September 2000.

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