Nusa Lembongan

Nusa Lembongan is an island located southeast of Bali, Indonesia. It is part of a group of three islands that make up the Nusa Penida district, of which it is the most famous.[1] This island group in turn is part of the Lesser Sunda Islands.

Nusalembonganmap
Map of Nusa Lembongan

Administration

Administratively, the island is part of a subdistrict of Klungkung regency. Nusa Lembongan is one of three small offshore islands which make up a sub-regency of Klungkung, the others being: Nusa Penida and Nusa Ceningan.[2] Nusa Lembongan has the vast majority of the tourist infrastructure within the sub-regency and is a popular side destination for visitors to mainland Bali and Lombok .

Geography

Nusa Lembongan Reef
Nusa Lembongan Reef, Bali, Indonesia.
Nusa Lembongan Map Wikitravel
Map showing the location of the suspension bridge, connecting Lembongan with a nearby island (bottom center); the bridge collapsed on October 16, 2016
Nusalembonganlimestonecliffs
Typical limestone cliff-line of south-west Nusa Lembongan
Jungut Batu Village
Jungut Batu village in Nusa Lembongan

Nusa Lembongan is approximately 8 square kilometres in area with a permanent population estimated at 5,000.[3] Twelve kilometres of the Badung Strait separates Nusa Lembongan from Bali Island. The island is surrounded by coral reefs with white sand beaches and low limestone cliffs. Nusa Lembongan is separated from Nusa Ceningan by a shallow estuarine channel which is difficult to navigate at low tide. There are no permanent waterways on Nusa Lembongan. There is a suspension bridge linking Nusa Lembongan and Nusa Ceningan which takes foot and motorbike traffic only.

There are three main villages on the island. Jungut Batu and Mushroom Bay are the centres of the tourist-based industry and activities on the island[4] whilst much of the permanent local population resides in Lembongan Village.

To the east, the Lombok Strait separates the three islands from Lombok, and marks the biogeographical division between the fauna of the Indomalayan ecozone and the distinctly different fauna of Australasia. The transition is known as the Wallace Line, named after Alfred Russel Wallace, who first proposed a transition zone between these two major biomes.

The north-eastern side of the island is flanked by a relatively large area of mangroves totalling some 212 hectares.[5]

Nusa Lembongan is served by regular direct speed-boat services, mostly from the east-coast Bali resort town of Sanur. Crossing time is approximately 30 minutes and services run at regular intervals during daylight hours. Larger cargo boats also run daily from the Bali port town of Padang Bai.

The island is populated by very few cars. For its main source of transportation is by scooters and foot, due to the small size of the island.

Local economy

Seaweed farming -Nusa Lembongan, Bali-16Aug2009 edit
Seaweed farming at Nusa Lembongan

The economy is largely based on tourism and Nusa Lembongan is the only one of the three neighbouring islands to have any significant tourism-based infrastructure. There is also subsistence agriculture and fishing[6] on the island and used to be a seaweed farming micro-industry, until as recently as 2015, when due to tourism and pollution it became unviable.[7]

The island also contains a number of guesthouses and even a small gym[8].

Nusa Lembongan Mola Mola
Oceanic sunfish in the waters off Nusa Lembongan.

Conservation issues

Marine conservation is considered extremely important to sustaining future levels of tourism on the island and in February 2009, a local NGO from Nusa Lembongan, facilitated by The Nature Conservancy Coral Triangle Center, opened a community centre on Nusa Lembongan. The waters around Nusa Lembongan and Nusa Penida have at least 247 species of coral and 562 species of reef fish.[9]

Other conservation initiatives include a release programme of critically endangered Olive Ridley Turtles from Sunset Beach on the south western coast.[10][11]

References

  1. ^ Post, The Jakarta. "Administration to improve access to Nusa Penida".
  2. ^ Government Office of the Regency of Klungkung Archived 2009-12-15 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ Sunset (27 May 2009). "All about Nusa Lembongan".
  4. ^ "Nusa lembongan Property: all about Nusa Lembongan".
  5. ^ "Survey and Condition of the Mangrove Forest at Nusa Lembongan and Nusa Ceningan" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-09-20.
  6. ^ Post, The Jakarta. "Residents lack tools to monitor destructive fishing".
  7. ^ "Report On The Training Course On gracilaria Algae Manila, Philippines 1–30 April 1981".
  8. ^ "Gyms of the World".
  9. ^ "Coral Triangle Center - Ensuring coral reefs for life".
  10. ^ Sunset (6 July 2009). "Visitors to Nusa Lembongan doing their bit to save sea turtles".
  11. ^ Post, The Jakarta. "Baby sea turtles head off on a big adventure".

External links

Media related to Nusa Lembongan at Wikimedia Commons

Bali

Bali is a province of Indonesia and the westernmost of the Lesser Sunda Islands. Located east of Java and west of Lombok, the province includes the island of Bali and a few smaller neighbouring islands, notably Nusa Penida, Nusa Lembongan, and Nusa Ceningan. The provincial capital, Denpasar, is the most populous city in the Lesser Sunda Islands and the second largest, after Makassar, in Eastern Indonesia. Bali is the only Hindu-majority province in Indonesia, with 83.5% of the population adhering to Balinese Hinduism.Bali is Indonesia's main tourist destination, which has seen a significant rise in tourists since the 1980s. Tourism-related business makes up 80% of its economy. It is renowned for its highly developed arts, including traditional and modern dance, sculpture, painting, leather, metalworking, and music. The Indonesian International Film Festival is held every year in Bali. In March 2017, TripAdvisor named Bali as the world's top destination in its Traveller's Choice award.Bali is part of the Coral Triangle, the area with the highest biodiversity of marine species. In this area alone, over 500 reef-building coral species can be found. For comparison, this is about seven times as many as in the entire Caribbean. Most recently, Bali was the host of the Miss World 2013 and 2018 Annual Meetings of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank Group. Bali is the home of the Subak irrigation system, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is also home to a unified confederation of kingdoms composed of 10 traditional royal Balinese houses, each house ruling a specific geographic area. The confederation is the successor of the Bali Kingdom. The royal houses are not recognised by the government of Indonesia; however, they originated before Dutch colonisation.

Bali Bird Park

Bali Bird Park (Indonesian: Taman Burung Bali), is a tourist attraction in Bali, Indonesia. It is located at the Gianyar Regency and has an area of 2,000 square metres (0.49 acres). The Bird Park houses more than 1.000 birds representing more than 250 species in an enclosed aviary.

Bali Safari and Marine Park

Bali Safari and Marine Park, or Taman Safari III is a branch of Taman Safari located in Gianyar, Bali.

Tickets can be purchased through the official BSMP ticketing partner Voyagin.

Bali myna

The Bali myna (Leucopsar rothschildi), also known as Rothschild's mynah, Bali starling, or Bali mynah, locally known as jalak Bali, is a medium-sized (up to 25 centimetres (9.8 in) long), stocky myna, almost wholly white with a long, drooping crest, and black tips on the wings and tail. The bird has blue bare skin around the eyes, greyish legs and a yellow bill. Both sexes are similar. It is critically endangered and fewer than 100 adults are assumed to currently exist in the wild.

Dreamland Beach

Dreamland Beach (now known as New Kuta Beach) is a beach located on the Bukit peninsula, on the island of Bali, Indonesia. The beach provides basic accommodation and cafes for surfers and day-trippers. It is also renowned for its dangerous shorebreak.

Dreamland Beach is the site of the failed Pecatu Graha development, planned by Tommy Suharto, the youngest son of the former president Suharto.

As of 2008 this is an active building site with all the previous Warongs having been levelled for a hotel complex.

Gembira Loka Zoo

Gembira Loka Zoo is a zoological garden located at Yogyakarta Special Region in Java, Indonesia. Gembira Loka Zoo was opened in 1956 and comprises a botanical garden, orchid nursery, artificial lake, children's park, numerous bridges across the Gajahwong River, and a collection of approximately 470 animals, most notable of which are its Komodo dragons, orang-utans, gibbons, and a hippopotamus. The park is 54 acres in size.

Keraton Kasepuhan

The Kraton Kasepuhan is the oldest kraton (sultan's palace) in the Indonesian city of Cirebon. It is the residence of the Sultan of Kasepuhan.

Kintamani, Bali

Kintamani is a village on the western edge of the larger caldera wall of the Mount Batur (Gunung Batur) caldera in Bali, Indonesia. It is on the same north–south road as Penelokan and has been used as a stopping place to view the Mount Batur region. Kintamani is also known for Pura Tuluk Biyu's 1,000-year-old "Rites of Peace" stone tablets and the Kintamani dog breed. It is situated next to Mount Batur.

Klungkung Regency

Klungkung is the smallest regency (kabupaten) on Bali, Indonesia. It has an area of 315 km2 and population of approximately 180,000 (2013). Its seat is Semarapura.

Klungkung town is easily reached from Gianyar via the highway. The regency is famous for its classic Balinese paintings which mostly depict the story of epics such as Mahabharata or Ramayana. These classical style paintings come from the frescoes of the Balinese palaces, and can also be found at Klungkung Palace in the downtown area. Semarajaya Museum is also located in the area.

Some 60% of the land area of Klungkung is made of the three offshore islands of Nusa Penida, Nusa Ceningan and Nusa Lembongan, which together form Nusa Penida District.

Mount Rinjani National Park

Mount Rinjani National Park is located on the island of Lombok, Indonesia in the North Lombok Regency. The park covers about 41,330 hectares (102,100 acres) and consists of mountainous areas. Mount Rinjani (Gunung Rinjani), which is the third highest volcano of Indonesia at 3,726 metres (12,224 ft), is located in this national park, giving this park its name.

Nusa Ceningan

'Nusa Ceningan is a small island located between Nusa Lembongan and Nusa Penida, south of Bali, in Indonesia. It lies on the southern side of the Strait of Badung.

There is a notable surf break off Nusa Ceningan which attracts some surfers away from the more crowded breaks on Nusa Lembongan.

The island offers some scenic roads and paths, and the westward views back over Nusa Lembongan to Bali are impressive. Viewing the sunset over Bali from the central Ceningan ridge is very much worth the effort. The estuarine channel between Lembongan and Ceningan is home to many seaweed farms and pristine mangrove forests.Nusa Ceningan has been slowly growing in popularity since 2009. Adventurous travelers cross the yellow bridge in search of new destinations. Several resorts and hotels have open doors in the recent years. From the look out point to the new zipline over the lagoon, this is becoming a fun island to explore and spend a few days. A key tourist attraction is the Mahana cliff jump. This is located on the south easterly side of Nusa Ceningan at Mahana Point Bar. The bar manages two diving platforms at 5 and 13 meters. Jumping is only permitted when the tide is high enough.

Nusa Penida

Nusa Penida is an island southeast of Indonesia's island Bali and a district of Klungkung Regency that includes the neighbouring small island of Nusa Lembongan. The Badung Strait separates the island and Bali. The interior of Nusa Penida is hilly with a maximum altitude of 524 metres. It is drier than the nearby island of Bali. There is very little tourist infrastructure.

There are two small islands nearby - Nusa Lembongan and Nusa Ceningan - which are included within the district (kecamatan). Administratively, the kecamatan of the same name, had a population of 45,178 in 2010 census, covering 202.8 km2, very little changed from 10 years prior.

Pangandaran

Pangandaran is a town and district of Pangandaran Regency within the province of West Java, Indonesia. It is located on the southern coast of the island of Java. A well-known surfing beach has made Pangandaran a popular tourist destination.

Patenggang Lake

Patenggang Lake (Indonesian: Situ Patenggang) is a lake located in the area of natural tourist attractions in the southern Bandung city, West Java, Indonesia, to be exact it is in Ciwidey village. Located at an altitude of 1600 meters above sea level, this lake has a very exotic landscape. The lake is spread over an area ofabout 45,000 hectares and the surrounding nature reserve has an area of about 123,077.15 hectares.

The lake is called Situ Patengan by the local society, as the pronunciation of patengan is too difficult to say in Sundanese patenggang. The lake and adjoining area is a popular tourist destination.The label/name of the lake in maps.google.com is Situ Penganten which Penganten means newlywed couple.

Reef

A reef is a bar of rock, sand, coral or similar material, lying beneath the surface of water.

Many reefs result from natural, abiotic processes—deposition of sand, wave erosion planing down rock outcrops, etc.—but the best known reefs are the coral reefs of tropical waters developed through biotic processes dominated by corals and coralline algae.

Artificial reefs (e.g. shipwrecks) sometimes have a role in enhancing the physical complexity of featureless sand bottoms, in order to attract a diverse assemblage of organisms, especially algae and fish.

Earth's largest reef system is the Great Barrier Reef in Australia, at a length of over 2,300 kilometres (1,400 miles).

The Amazing Race 28

The Amazing Race 28 is the twenty-eighth season of the American reality television show The Amazing Race. The season premiered on February 12, 2016. In this installment, it featured 11 teams of two with notable social media personalities (or at least one pair to team up with a non-notable internet celebrity) in a race around the world for a $1 million grand prize."Engaged dancers" Dana Borriello and Matt Steffanina were the winners of this season of The Amazing Race.

The Equator monument

The Equator monument is located on the equator in Pontianak, Indonesia. It marks the division between the northern and southern hemispheres.

Tirta Gangga

Tirta Gangga is a former royal palace in eastern Bali, Indonesia, about 5 kilometres from Karangasem, near Abang. Named after the sacred river Ganges in Hinduism, it is noted for the Karangasem royal water palace, bathing pools, a Patirthan temple, its cultural and religious significance.

Tirto Samodra Beach

Tirto Samudro beach or known by the general public as Bandengan Beach is located 11 kilometres north of downtown Jepara, Central Java, Indonesia.

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