Nuh Ha Mim Keller

Nuh Ha Mim Keller (born 1954) is an Islamic scholar, teacher and author who lives in Amman. He is a translator of a number of Islamic books,[2] a specialist in Islamic law, as well as being authorised by Abd al-Rahman al-Shaghouri as a Sheikh in the Shadhili Order.[3]

Nuh Ha Mim Keller
Born1954 (age 64–65)[1]
EraModern era
DenominationSunni Islam
Main interest(s)Sharia, Hadith, Tafsir, Sufism

Personal life

Keller studied philosophy and Arabic at the University of Chicago and the University of California, Los Angeles.[4] Keller converted to Islam from Christianity in 1977.[5][6] He then began a prolonged study of the Islamic sciences with prominent scholars in Syria and Jordan and was authorised as a Shaykh in 1995.[4] Currently, Keller lives in Amman, Jordan.[7]


His English translation of Umdat al-Salik, Reliance of the Traveller, (Sunna Books, 1991) is a Shafi'i manual of Shariah.[8] It is the first Islamic legal work in a European language to receive the certification of Al-Azhar University.[4] This translation has led to this work becoming influential among Western Muslims.[9]

His other works include:

  • Sea Without Shore: A Manual of the Sufi Path, an extensive treatment of the science of tasawwuf. It is an expansion of an earlier work entitled Tariqa Notes (which it has replaced), which comprises the second part of the book. In addition, this work includes biographies of five accomplished Sufis that the author met, along with a series of articles in question/answer format providing answers to contemporary philosophical problems.[10]
  • Al-Maqasid: Imam Nawawi's Manual of Islam, a translation of a concise manual of Shafi'i fiqh.[11][12]
  • Evolutionary Theory in Islam.[13]
  • A Port in the Storm: A Fiqh Solution to the Qibla of North America, a detailed study of the most sound position regarding which direction North American Muslims should face to pray.[14]
  • The Sunni Path: A Handbook of Islamic Belief.[11]

In addition to the above, he has produced the following books in Arabic:

  • Awrad al-Tariqa al-Shadhiliyya, which is primarily a collection of the most frequently recited litanies in the Shadhili Sufi order, done in a hand-written calligraphic script of which two editions have been published. It also has been produced into a bi-lingual translation entitled "Invocations of the Shadhili Order", which Nuh Keller has himself translated.
  • Dala'il al-Khayrat, a classic collection of prayers upon the Prophet Muhammad (commonly known as durood) originally compiled by Muhammad al-Jazuli, which through the comparison of ninety-five different manuscripts, is the most authenticated copy that has been produced in the modern world.[15] It has also been done in a hand-written calligraphy.

He has also written numerous articles and is a regular contributor to Islamica Magazine and the website[16]

See also


  1. ^ Akbar, Ameen (October 25, 2015). "Becoming Muslim, Nuh Ha Mim Keller". Archived from the original on October 28, 2015.
  2. ^ Hewer, C. T. R. (2006). Understanding Islam – The First Ten Steps. SCM Press. p. 209. ISBN 978-0-334-04032-3.
  3. ^ "Sufism in Jordan – A Prism of Spirituality" February 2, 2010
  4. ^ a b c Hamid, Sadek (2015-12-30). Sufis, Salafis and Islamists: The Contested Ground of British Islamic Activism. I.B.Tauris. p. 82. ISBN 978-1-78453-231-4.
  5. ^ "Interview: Tahir Haqq, YMCA Youth and Community Worker". Church Times. November 14, 2008. Retrieved March 15, 2010.
  6. ^ Hamid, Sadek (2015-12-30). Sufis, Salafis and Islamists: The Contested Ground of British Islamic Activism. I.B.Tauris. p. 81. ISBN 978-1-78453-231-4.
  7. ^ Haddad, Yvonne Yazbeck; Senzai, Farid; Smith, Jane I. (2009). Educating the Muslims of America. New York City: Oxford University Press. p. 144. ISBN 978-0-19-537520-6.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
  8. ^ Keller, Nuh Ha Mim, ed. (July 1, 1997). "Reliance of the Traveller: A Classic Manual of Islamic Sacred Law". Amana Corporation – via Amazon.
  9. ^ Brandon, James; Hafez, Salam (2008). Crimes of the Community: Honour-Based Violence in the UK. Centre for Social Cohesion. p. 67. ISBN 978-1-903386-64-4.
  10. ^ "Sea Without Shore – A Manual of the Sufi Path". Sunna Books. Retrieved September 15, 2011.
  11. ^ a b "SunniPath Online Islamic Academy".
  12. ^ Nawawi; Keller, Noah Ha Mim (January 16, 2003). "Al-Maqasid: Nawawi's Manual of Islam". Amana Publications – via Amazon.
  13. ^ Keller, Nuh Ha Mim. "Islam and Evolution: a letter to Suleman Ali". Masud. Retrieved December 20, 2012.
  14. ^ Keller, Nuh Ha Mim (August 1, 2001). "Port in a Storm: A Fiqh Solution to the Qibla of North America". Wakeel Books – via Amazon.
  15. ^ Keller, Nuh Ha Mim. "A New Dala'il al-Khayrat". Retrieved September 15, 2011.
  16. ^ Brown, Derek (November 1, 2001). "A Different Perspective: Muslim Websites in Britain – Britain's Muslim Community Is Well Served by Websites Offering News, Opinion, and Religious Interpretation of the West's Response to the Terrorist Attacks on the US, as Derek Brown Explains". The Guardian. Retrieved September 18, 2011.

External links

Abd al-Rahman al-Shaghouri

Sayyid ʿAbd al-Raḥmān ibn ʿAbd al-Raḥmān ibn Muṣṭafā ibn ʿAbd al-Raḥmān Zayn al-ʿAbidīn al-Shāghūrī al-Ḥusaynī (Arabic: أبو منير عبد الرحمن بن عبد الرحمن بن مصطفى بن عبد الرحمن زين العابدين المشهور بالشاغوري‎) was a Syrian Sufi master of the Hashimi-Darqawi branch of the Shadhili tariqa, as well as poet, textile worker, and trade unionist.

Abu al-Abbas al-Mursi

Al-Mursi Abu'l-'Abbas (1219 in Murcia – 1287 CE) (Arabic: المرسي أبو العباس‎) is a Sufi saint from Al-Andalus of the Moroccan Merinid dynasty who later in his life moved to Alexandria in Egypt. His complete name is Shahab al-Din Abu'l-'Abbas Ahmad ibn 'Umar ibn Mohammad al-Ansari al-Mursi. Al-Mursi Abul-'Abbas, as he is now commonly called, is one of the four master saints of Egypt, the other three being Ahmad al-Badawi, al-Dessouqi and al-Haggag. His legacy and reverence in Egypt were such that Mursi became a common name in the country.

Amman Message

The Amman Message (Arabic: رسالة عمان‎) is a statement calling for tolerance and unity in the Muslim world that was issued on 9 November 2004 (27th of Ramadan 1425 AH) by King Abdullah II bin Al-Hussein of Jordan. Subsequently, a three-point ruling was issued by 200 Islamic scholars from over 50 countries, focusing on issues of defining who is a Muslim, excommunication from Islam (takfir), and principles related to delivering religious opinions (fatāwa).

Bi-la kaifa

The Arabic phrase bi-la kayfa, also bilā kaifa, (Arabic: بلا كيف‎) is roughly translated as "without asking how", or "without how" which means without modality. It was a way of resolving theological problems in Islam over apparent questioning in ayat (verses of the Qur'an) by accepting without questioning.An example is the apparent contradiction between references to God having human characteristics (such as the "Hand of God" or the "Face of God") and the concept of God as being transcendental. The position of attributing actual hands or an actual face to God was known as mugassima ("corporealist") or mushabbih ("anthropomorphist").Another was the question of how the Quran could be both the word of God, but never have been created by God because (as many hadith testified) it has always existed.

Ibn Khuzaymah

Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Ishaq ibn Khuzaymah (Arabic: أبو بكر محمد بن إسحاق بن خزيمة‎, 837 CE/223 AH – 923 CE/311 AH) was a prominent Muslim hadith and Shafi'i fiqh scholar, best known for his hadith collection Sahih Ibn Khuzaymah.

Islamic Modernism

Islamic Modernism is a movement that has been described as "the first Muslim ideological response" attempting to reconcile Islamic faith with modern values such as nationalism, democracy, civil rights, rationality, equality, and progress. It featured a "critical reexamination of the classical conceptions and methods of jurisprudence" and a new approach to Islamic theology and Quranic exegesis (Tafsir).It was the first of several Islamic movements – including secularism, Islamism, and Salafism – that emerged in the middle of the 19th century in reaction to the rapid changes of the time, especially the perceived onslaught of Western Civilization and colonialism on the Muslim world. Founders include Muhammad Abduh, a Sheikh of Al-Azhar University for a brief period before his death in 1905, Jamal ad-Din al-Afghani, and Muhammad Rashid Rida (d. 1935).

The early Islamic Modernists (al-Afghani and Muhammad Abdu) used the term "salafiyya" to refer to their attempt at renovation of Islamic thought, and this "salafiyya movement" is often known in the West as "Islamic modernism," although it is very different from what is currently called the Salafi movement, which generally signifies "ideologies such as wahhabism". Since its inception, Modernism has suffered from co-option of its original reformism by both secularist rulers and by "the official ulama" whose "task it is to legitimise" rulers' actions in religious terms.Modernism differs from secularism in that it insists on the importance of religious faith in public life, and from Salafism or Islamism in that it embraces contemporary European institutions, social processes, and values. One expression of Islamic Modernism (expressed by Mahathir Mohammed) is that "only when Islam is interpreted so as to be relevant in a world which is different from what it was 1400 years ago can Islam be regarded as a religion for all ages."

Jurisdictional arbitrage

Jurisdictional arbitrage is the practice of taking advantage of the discrepancies between competing legal jurisdictions. It takes its name from arbitrage, the practice in finance of purchasing a good at a lower price in one market and selling it at a higher price in another. Just as in financial arbitrage, the attractiveness of jurisdiction arbitrage depends largely on its transaction costs, here the costs of switching legal service providers from one government to another.The lower the exit costs for leaving the jurisdiction (unrestricted emigration, cheap travel, liquidity of assets) the more desirable and feasible it is. Conversely, high entry costs into the more favourable jurisdiction are an inhibitor on jurisdictional arbitrage; certain tax havens such as Andorra grant permanent residency rights to immigrants only if they meet certain criteria. Jurisdictional arbitrage is a significant concept in modern free market anarcho-capitalism, not to be confused with anarchism per se.


Kafa'ah or Kafaah (Arabic: الكفاءة‎; al-kafā'aḥ) is a term used in the field of Islamic jurisprudence with regard to marriage in Islam, which in Arabic, literally means, equality or equivalence. It is thus defined as the compatibility or equivalence between a prospective husband and his prospective wife which should be adhered to. This compatibility is dependent on multiple factors that include religion, social status, morality, piety, wealth, lineage or custom.


ʿIlm al-Kalām (Arabic: عِلْم الكَلام‎, literally "science of discourse"), usually foreshortened to Kalām and sometimes called "Islamic scholastic theology", is the study of Islamic doctrine ('aqa'id). It was born out of the need to establish and defend the tenets of Islamic faith against doubters and detractors. A scholar of Kalām is referred to as a mutakallim (plural: mutakallimūn), and it's a role distinguished from those of Islamic philosophers, jurists, and scientists.The Arabic term Kalām means "speech, word, utterance" among other things, and its use regarding Islamic theology is derived from the expression "Word of God" (Kalām Allāh) found in the Qur'an.Murtada Mutahhari describes Kalām as a discipline devoted to discuss "the fundamental Islamic beliefs and doctrines which are necessary for a Muslim to believe in. It explains them, argues about them, and defends them" (see also Five Pillars of Islam). There are many possible interpretations as to why this discipline was originally called so; one is that the widest controversy in this discipline has been about whether the "Word of God", as revealed in the Qur'an, can be considered part of God's essence and therefore not created, or whether it was made into words in the normal sense of speech, and is therefore created.

Keller (surname)

Keller is a surname with several origins. The Irish version, which is the most ancient in origin, comes from the Gaelic surname Ó Ceilechair. In modern German Keller means cellar or basement, but historically it designates a cellarer or winemaker. A Latinized form of "Keller" is "Cellarius".

Keller is an Anglicized version of the Old Irish surname Ó Céilechair (meaning descendant of Céilechair). Céilechair was descended from Cennétig mac Lorcáin King of the Dál gCais in modern-day Clare. Cennétig mac Lorcáin was the ancestor and progenitor of the Keller family, and also of the Kennedys and O'Briens of Munster.

The Anglicized surname in Ireland has many different spellings including: O'Kelleher, Kelaher, Kelliher, Kellar, Keller, McKeller, MacKeller, and O'Keller.

People whose surname is or was Keller include:

Adam Keller, Israeli peace activist

Adolf Keller (1872 – 1963), Swiss Protestant theologian

Al Keller, American race car driver

Albert Keller (1844–1920), German painter

Albert Galloway Keller (1874–1956), American sociologist and author

Amanda Keller (born 1962), Australian TV personality

Andreas Keller (born 1965), German field hockey player

Arthur I. Keller (1867–1924), American illustrator

Augustin Keller (1805–1883), Swiss politician

Bernhard Keller (born 1964), Swiss mathematician

Bill Keller (born 1949), American editor

Carlos Keller, Chilean academic and politician.

Carsten Keller, German field hockey player

Chaim Dov Keller, rabbi and rosh yeshiva in Chicago

Charlie Keller, US baseball player

Chris Keller, a fictional character in the Arthur Miller Play All My Sons

Christopher Keller, a fictional character in the American television series Oz

David H. Keller (1880–1966), American science fiction writer

Donald G. Keller (born 1951), American science fiction and fantasy editor and critic

Elisabetta Keller (1891–1969), Swiss-Italian artist

Émile Keller (1828–1909), French writer and politician

Erhard Keller (born 1944), German ice skater

Erwin Keller, German field hockey player

Evelyn Fox Keller, American scientist

Ferdinand Keller (disambiguation), several people

Franz Keller (psychologist), (1913 – 1991), Swiss psychologist, Christian pacifist and left-wing news editor.

Franz Keller, (born 1945), a West German Nordic combined skier.

Fred S. Keller (1899–1996), American pioneer in experimental psychology

Friedrich Ludwig Keller (1799–1860), German-Swiss jurist

Friedrich von Keller (painter) (1840–1914), German landscape painter

Friedrich von Keller (diplomat) (1873–1960), German diplomat (father of Rupprecht)

Fyodor Keller, Russian general

George Keller (academic) (1928–2007), American scholar and academic administrator

George Keller (architect) (1842–1935), Irish-born American architect and engineer

George Frederick Keller (1846–?), political cartoonist

Gerta Keller (born 1945), American paleontologist

Gottfried Keller (1819–1890), Swiss writer

Hannes Keller, Swiss physicist and mathematician

Hans Keller, (1919–1985), Austrian-born British musician and writer

Hans Peter Keller (1915–1988), German poet

Helen Keller, American blind and deaf author and activist

Hubert Keller a French chef

"Gentleman" Jack Keller (poker player) (d. 2003), poker player

Jack Keller (comics) (1922–2003), comic book artist

Jack Keller (athlete) former World Record Holder 110 hurdles set July 1932

Jack Keller (songwriter) (1936–2005)

Jacob Keller (1568–1631)

James Keller (1900–1977) Irish-American Priest in the Maryknoll Order.

Jan Keller (born 1955), Moravian sociologist, environmentalist and politician

Jason Keller (born 1970), NASCAR racing driver

Jennifer Keller fictional M.D. on the SciFi TV Series Stargate Atlantis

Jerry Keller (musician)

Jim Keller (musician)

Johann Baptist von Keller (1774–1845), German bishop

Joseph B. Keller (1923–2016), American mathematician

Kasey Keller, (born 1969), a US former soccer player

K.T. Keller (1885–1966), president and chairman of Chrysler Corporation, and Defence Department "missile czar" in 1950s

Louis Keller, assembled and published the New York Social Register.

Markus Keller (born 1967), Swiss triathlete

Marthe Keller (born 1945)

Matthew Keller (born 1810) Irish-born, American agriculturalist, vintner, and distiller.

Nuh Ha Mim Keller, Muslim scholar (alim), legal expert and jurist (faqih), translator of classical Arabic texts (Reliance of the Traveller), and Mystic of the Shadhili order of Sufis

Ott-Heinrich Keller, mathematician

Otto Keller (footballer)

Otto Keller (philologist), German classical philologist

Peter G. Keller (1894–1972), a New York stamp dealer

Pius Keller (1825–1904)

Ric Keller

Rita Keller (1933–2005), All-American Girls Professional Baseball League player

Robert Keller (disambiguation), several people

Rod Keller (1900–1954), Canadian general

Ronny Keller (born 1979), former Swiss hockey player

Rupprecht von Keller (1910–2003), German lawyer and diplomat (son of Friedrich)

Sharon Keller (born 1953) controversial Texas Criminal Court of Appeals Judge

Thomas Keller, award-winning American chef

Thomas Keller (card game player), American poker player

Timothy J. Keller, pastor of Redeemer Presbyterian Church in New York City

Tina Keller-Jenny, (1887-1985), Swiss physician and Jungian psychotherapist

Wade Keller, editor-in-chief of Pro Wrestling Torch newsletter and website

Walter Keller (disambiguation), several people

Wes Keller (born 1946), member of the Alaska House of Representatives

William Keller (disambiguation), several people

List of Ash'aris

The list of prominent Ash'aris includes prominent adherents of the Ash'ari theological school.


Ibn Furak

Abu Mansur Al-Baghdadi


Al-Bayhaqi, Hadith, Fiqh scholar

Al-Khatib Al-Baghdadi

Abu Al-Walid Al-Baji


Al-Ghazali, Hujjat al-Islam (Authority of Islam), Jurist, Philosopher, Theology (Tauhid)

Ibn Khaldun, Muslim Scientist, Forerunner of Modern Disciplines in Sociology, Demography, Historiographer, Historian, Economics, Political Science

Fakhr Al-Din Al-Razi, Muslim Scientist, Tafsir (Exegesis), Principles of Islamic jurisprudence, Rhetoric, Kalam, Islamic Philosophy, Logic, Astronomy, Ontology, Chemistry, Physics, Medicine, Anatomy


Sayf Al-Din Al-Amidi

Salahuddin al-Ayyoubi (Saladin), Founder of Ayyubid Dynasty, Islamic Caliphate of Ayyubid Dynasty, Sultan of Egypt and Syria, Islamic scholar, Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques

Izz Al-Din ibn 'Abd Al-Salam

Ibn 'Asakir

Al-Nawawi, Hadith scholar, Shafi'i Sunni Jurist, Theologian, Biographer

Ibn Hajar Al-Asqalani, Shaykh al-Islām (Outstanding scholars of the Islamic sciences), Hadith scholar, Shafi'i Sunni scholar, Tafsir scholar

Al-Qastallani, Sunni Islamic scholar in Hadith and Theology, Commentary on the Sahih al-Bukhari

Abu Hayyan Al-Gharnati

Jalal Al-Din Al-Suyuti, Theologian, Shafi'i scholar, Scholar on Ijtihad, Hadith, Quranic Exegesis (Tafsir), Aqidah (Tawhid)

Zakariyya Al-Ansari

Taqi Al-Din Al-Subki, Shafi'i scholar, Master in Tafsir (Qur'anic Exegesis) and Prophetic Hadith (Sunnah), Shaykh al-Islām (Outstanding scholars of the Islamic sciences), Qadi (Chief Judge in Islamic Shari'ah Court)

Taj Al-Din Al-Subki

Ibn Hajar Al-Haytami


Ibn 'Ata' Allah Al-Iskandari (or Al-Sakandari)

'Abdullah Ibn 'Alawi Al-Haddad

Muhammad Zahid Al-Kawthari

Muhammad Al-Tahir Ibn 'Ashur

Muhammad Sayyid Tantawy, former Grand Mufti of Egypt, Islamic scholar

Muhammad Alawi al-Maliki, Islamic scholar, Habib, Al-Marfullah

Mohamed Said Ramadan Al-Bouti, Syrian scholar, Shaykh of the Levant

Abdallah Bin Bayyah, Specialist in 4 Islamic School of Thoughts, proponent in Maliki School of Thought

Abdullah al-Harari

Ahmed El-Tayeb, Grand Imam of Al-Azhar

Ali Gomaa, Egyptian Grand Mufti

Ahmed Kuftaro, former Grand Mufti of Syrian Arab Republic, Advocator of Interreligious Dialogues and Women's Rights, Head of issuing Fatwa throughout the Sunni Islamic world

Habib Ali Al-Jifri

Hamza Yusuf, American Islamic scholar, co-founder of Zaytuna College

Muhammad al-Yaqoubi, Syrian Islamic scholar

Suhaib Webb, American Imam, Shaykh, One of the 500 Most Influential Muslims in the World

Ahmad Badreddin Hassoun, Grand Mufti of Syria

Nuh Ha Mim Keller

Habib Umar bin Hafiz, Shaykh, Habib, Islamic scholar, Dean at Dar al-Mustafa

List of contemporary Sufi scholars

This article is a list of modern-era (20th to 21st century) Sufi scholars who are considered by reliable sources to be leading authorities on the teachings and rulings of Sufism.

Geographical categories have been created based on commonalities in culture and language across the Muslim World.

List of modern Sufi scholars

This article is a List of modern Sufi scholars. The Sufis in the list were known in the 20th century or later. They are grouped geographically.

Muhammad al-Jazuli

Abu Abdullah Muhammad ibn Sulayman ibn Abu Bakr al-Jazuli al-Simlali (Arabic:ابو عبدالله محمد ابن سليمان ابن ابوبكر الجزولي السّملالي الحسني) (died 1465), often known as Imam al-Jazuli or Sheikh Jazuli, was a Moroccan Sufi leader of the Berber tribe of the Jazulah. He is best known for compiling the Dala'il al-Khayrat, an extremely popular Muslim prayer book. This book is usually divided into 7 sections for each day of the week. Al-Jazuli is one of the seven saints of Marrakesh.

Nuh (name)

Nuh is a masculine given name. It is the Arabic form of Noah.

Reliance of the Traveller

Umdat as-Salik wa 'Uddat an-Nasik (Reliance of the Traveller and Tools of the Worshipper, also commonly known by its shorter title Reliance of the Traveller) is a classical manual of fiqh for the Shafi'i school of Islamic jurisprudence. The author of the main text is 14th-century scholar Shihabuddin Abu al-'Abbas Ahmad ibn an-Naqib al-Misri (AH 702-769 / AD 1302–1367).

Al-Misri based his work on the previous Shafi'i works of Imam Nawawi and Imam Abu Ishaq as-Shirazi, following the order of Shirazi's al-Muhadhdhab (The Rarefaction) and the conclusions of Nawawi's Minhaj at-Talibin (The Seeker's Road).


The Shadhili Tariqa (Arabic: الطريقة الشاذلية‎) is a Sufi order of Sunni Islam founded by Abul Hasan Ali ash-Shadhili of Morocco. Followers (Arabic murids, "seekers") of the Shadhiliya are known as Shadhilis.

It has historically been of importance and influence in North Africa and Egypt with many contributions to Islamic literature. Among the figures most known for their literary and intellectual contributions are Ibn 'Ata Allah, author of the Hikam, and Ahmad Zarruq, author of numerous commentaries and works, and Ahmad ibn Ajiba who also wrote numerous commentaries and works. In poetry expressing love of Muhammad, there have been the notable contributions of Muhammad al-Jazuli, author of the "Dala'il al-Khayrat", and Busiri, author of the famous poem, the Qaṣīda al-Burda. Many of the head lecturers of al-Azhar University in Cairo have also been followers of this tariqa.

Of the various branches of the Shadhili tariqa are the Fassiyatush, found largely in India, Sri Lanka and Pakistan. The Darqawi branch is found mostly in Morocco and the Darqawi Alawiyya (no connection to the "Kızılbaş-Turkish-Alevis" or "Syrian-Arab-Alawis") which originated in Algeria is now found the world over, particularly in Syria, Jordan, France and among many English-speaking communities. British scholar, Martin Lings wrote an extensive biography of the founder of this branch, Ahmad al-Alawi, entitled 'A Sufi Saint of the 20th century' (ISBN 0-946621-50-0)

The anniversary urs of Hazrat Qutubul Akber Imam Nooruddin Abul Hasan Alee Ash Shadhili (Razi) is held on 12th Shawwal (the tenth month of lunar calendar) at Humaithara in Egypt.


SunniPath now known as Qibla was established in 2003 for the purpose of answering questions about Islamic law, belief, and daily practice. In 2004, it began offering online courses in Islamic law, belief, Arabic, and other related disciplines. Sunnipath has now changed its name and calls itself 'Qibla' [Arabic word meaning 'direction']; it no longer has a questions and answer facility for the general public and is now strictly an online Islamic courses site, although the previously answered questions and articles are still available.

Topics in sharia law

This page lists the rulings and applications of the various topics in sharia law.

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