Nuevo León

Nuevo León (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈnweβo leˈon] (listen)), officially the Free and Sovereign State of Nuevo León (Spanish: Estado Libre y Soberano de Nuevo León), is one of the 31 states which, with Mexico City, compose the 32 Federal Entities of Mexico. It is divided into 51 municipalities and its capital city is Monterrey.

It is located in Northeastern Mexico. It is bordered by the states of Tamaulipas to the north and east, San Luis Potosí to the south, and Coahuila to the west. To the north, Nuevo León has a 15 kilometer (9 mi) stretch of the U.S.–Mexico border adjacent to the U.S. state of Texas.

The state was named after the New Kingdom of León, an administrative territory of the Viceroyalty of New Spain, which was itself named after the historic Spanish Kingdom of León.

Besides its capital, other important cities are Guadalupe, Santa Catarina, San Nicolás de los Garza, and San Pedro Garza García, all of which are part of the Monterrey Metropolitan area.

Nuevo León

Estado Libre y Soberano de Nuevo León
Free and Sovereign State of Nuevo León
Official seal of Nuevo León

Seal
Motto(s): 
Semper Ascendens
(Always Ascending)
Anthem: Himno de Nuevo León
State of Nuevo León within Mexico
State of Nuevo León within Mexico
Coordinates: 25°34′N 99°58′W / 25.567°N 99.967°WCoordinates: 25°34′N 99°58′W / 25.567°N 99.967°W
CountryMexico
CapitalMonterrey
Largest CityMonterrey
Largest Metropolitan AreaGreater Monterrey
AdmissionMay 7, 1824[1]
Order15th
Government
 • GovernorJaime Rodríguez Calderón (independent)
 • Senators[2]Samuel Alejandro García Sepúlveda Logo Partido Movimiento Ciudadano (México).svg
Indira Kempis Martínez Logo Partido Movimiento Ciudadano (México).svg
Víctor Oswaldo Fuentes Solís PAN
 • Deputies[3]
Area
 • Total64,156 km2 (24,771 sq mi)
 Ranked 13th
Highest elevation3,710 m (12,170 ft)
Population
(2015)[6]
 • Total5,119,504
 • Rank8th
 • Density80/km2 (210/sq mi)
 • Density rank14th
Demonym(s)Neoleonés
Time zoneUTC−6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Postal code
64–67
Area code
ISO 3166 codeMX-NLE
HDIIncrease 0.808 Very High Ranked 3rd of 32
GDPUS$ 132,655 mil[a]
percapitaUS$ 28,509.00
WebsiteOfficial Web Site
^ a. The state's GDP was 666,898,103 thousand of pesos in 2008,[7] amount corresponding to 52,101,414.296 thousand dollars, a dollar being worth 12.80 pesos (value of June 3, 2010).[8]

History

Monterrey Palacio de Gobierno
The original Government Palace (State House) of Nuevo León

Nuevo León was founded by conquistador Alberto del Canto, although frequent raids by Chichimecas, the natives of the north, prevented the establishment of almost any permanent settlements. Subsequent to the failure of del Canto to populate the area, Luis Carvajal y de la Cueva, at the head of a group of Portuguese and Spanish settlers who were of Jewish descent, requested permission from the Spanish King to attempt to settle the area which would be called the New Kingdom of León and would fail as well. It wasn't until 1596 under the leadership of Diego de Montemayor the colony became permanent. Nuevo Leon eventually became (along with the provinces of Coahuila, Nuevo Santander and Texas) one of the Eastern Internal Provinces in Northern New Spain.[9][10]

The capital of Nuevo León is Monterrey, the third largest city in Mexico with over four million residents. Monterrey is a modern and affluent city, and Nuevo León has long been one of Mexico's most industrialized states.

Geography

Mina piedra
Trace of petroglyphs engraved on rocks at Boca de Potrerillos.

Nuevo León has an extreme climate, and there is very little rainfall throughout the year. The territory covers 64,220 square kilometres (24,800 sq mi), and can be divided into three regions: a hot, dry region in the north, a temperate region in the mountains, and a semi-arid region in the south. The Sierra Madre Oriental mountain range affects in an important way the lay of the land forming the Galeana and Doctor Arroyo plateaus, the Iguana, Picachos, Papagayos, and Santa Clara mountain ranges, and the Pilón, Ascensión, and Río Blanco valleys. As for hydrography, the San Juan River supplies the El Cuchillo dam, which provides water for Monterrey and the metropolitan area. There are also the Cerro Prieto, La Boca, Vaquerías, Nogalitos, and Agualeguas dams. Laguna de Labradores is a major lake in Nuevo León, and Pozo del Gavilán is a natural well. Both are located in the Galeana municipality. The flora of the region includes brush and pastures in the low regions, and pine and oak trees in the mountains. The fauna includes black bears, mountain lions, javelinas, prairie dogs, foxes, coyotes, and white-tailed deer, along with smaller species.

Demography

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1895[11] 311,665—    
1900 327,937+5.2%
1910 365,150+11.3%
1921 336,412−7.9%
1930 417,491+24.1%
1940 541,147+29.6%
1950 740,191+36.8%
1960 1,078,848+45.8%
1970 1,694,689+57.1%
1980 2,513,044+48.3%
1990 3,098,736+23.3%
1995 3,550,114+14.6%
2000 3,834,141+8.0%
2005 4,199,292+9.5%
2010 4,653,458+10.8%
2015[12] 5,119,504+10.0%

As of 2015, Nuevo León's population was about 5.119 million. Of these over 90%, or about 4.7 million, of the state's population resides within the Monterrey Metropolitan area, making it the third largest metropolitan area in the country. Life expectancy in the state is high, being 73 years for men and 79 years for women.

Ninety-four percent of the total population occupy urban areas, one million of which are home-owners, and 98% have all utilities (running water, sewer systems and electric power). The remaining 2% is mostly the small indigenous population which is isolated and lives in the mountain regions.

Following the nation's tendency, a majority of the population identifies as being Roman Catholic, but it has a sizable Protestant population.

Education

ITESM Femsa Biotechnology Center Aulas I
Biotechnology center of the Instituto Tecnológico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey.

The high quality of life that prevails across the state is reflected on statistical rates such as education, as the entity reports an almost perfect record for finished secondary education, and 13 in 100 inhabitants earn a professional degree. In the same line, illiteracy rates for the state are within the lowest in the nation at 2.8%, just behind the Distrito Federal which still leads the country in this regard.

Institutions of higher education include:

Economy

Parques Ventika
Wind turbines at the Parques Eólicos Ventika located in General Bravo. The wind-power complex has the capacity to produce 252 megawatts per hour and can meet the electricity demand of some 630,000 homes.

Highly industrialized, Nuevo León possesses a standard of living similar to that of countries such as Croatia, Slovakia or Poland. In 2007, the per capita GDP of the state was similar to that of the Asian Tiger of South Korea and even higher than that of some European Union states such as Slovakia and Hungary. At about $27,000, it was the highest GDP per capita (PPP) of any Mexican state (not counting the Federal District, which also has a very high per capita), and was therefore higher than the Mexican national average (2013 GDP per capita (PPP) national average was $15,700).[13][14]

One of its municipalities, San Pedro Garza García, is among the richest in the country in terms of per capita income. It is also home of powerful conglomerates, such as Cemex (one of the largest construction materials firms in the world), Bimbo (bakery and pastry), Maseca (food and grains), Banorte (the only high-street bank in Mexico wholly owned by Mexicans), ALFA (Sigma, Alestra, Nemak, Alpek and Hylsa (recently bought by Ternium), i-service (HelpDesk), Vitro SA (glass), FEMSA (Coca-Cola in Latin America), and Cervecería Cuauhtémoc Moctezuma (brewers of Sol, Tecate, XX, Bohemia, Indio and Nochebuena).

Cerveceria.cuahotemoc.monterrey.ncs
The facilities of the Cervecería Cuauhtémoc Moctezuma brewery in Nuevo Leon are the single largest producer of alcoholic beverages in the world.

Nuevo León also boasts a rich agricultural core, called the "orange belt", which comprises the municipalities of Allende, Montemorelos, Hualahuises, General Terán and Linares. Small but productive investments have been transforming traditional harvests (mainly based on orange and cereals) into agroindustrial developments that are producing increasing revenues for the local economy.

In contrast with the relative wealth of industrial Nuevo León and the orange belt, the Southern part of the state (municipalities of Galeana, Aramberri, Zaragoza, Doctor Arroyo and Mier y Noriega) remains rural and less productive. Most of The South of the state is at the mercy of a very dry weather that represents a major hurdle for agriculture and livestock.

As of 2010, Nuevo León's economy represents 11.4% of Mexico's total gross domestic product or US$165 billion.[15] Nuevo León's economy has a strong focus on export oriented manufacturing (i.e. maquiladora / INMEX). As of 2005, 431,551 people are employed in the manufacturing sector.[16] Foreign direct investment in Nuevo León was 1,213.1 million USD for 2005. In recent years, the state government has been making efforts in attracting significant investments in aeronautics, biotechnology, mechatronics, information and communication technologies fields with the creation of the Research and Technology Innovation Park PIIT (Parque de Investigación e Innovación Tecnológica), a technology park oriented in the development, innovation and research of sciences. The project is one of the key strategies within the Monterrey, City of Knowledge program. The park is located in the municipality of Apodaca, part of Greater Monterrey at the 10 km of the highway to Monterrey's International Airport. It consists of a total surface area of 70 Ha (172 acres), half of it already committed to R&D centers. The other 35 Ha (86 acres) are available for research and development centers, and for businesses that meet the Park's objectives.[17][18]

Government

Nuevo León
Gubernatorial Election 2003
PRI/PVEM 24,567
PAN 491,973
PT 72,620
PRD 14,934
NL Collections 851,250
See also: List of political parties in Mexico
Official name
Estado Libre y Soberano de Nuevo León (Free and Sovereign State of Nuevo León).
Official motto
Latin: Semper Ascendens (Always Ascending).
Type of government
Republican and representative according to 30th article of the local constitution.
Executive
In 6 July 2003 gubernatorial election, Alianza Ciudadana – an electoral alliance between the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) and the Green Ecological Party of Mexico (PVEM) – regained control of the state from President Fox's party National Action Party (PAN). The new governor, Natividad González Parás of the PRI, was sworn in on 4 October 2003 for a period of six years.
Cabinet
Chosen directly by the Governor except for the General Comptroller and the State General Attorney, which are elected by Congress from a list of names provided by the Governor.
Legislative
The State has a unicameral chamber. The LXXI Congress of Nuevo León is composed of 42 deputies, 26 of them chosen by first-past-the-post electoral districts and 16 of them by proportional representation on a party-list basis. The parties represented are the PRI with 15 deputies, the PAN with 22 deputies, the Partido del Trabajo (PT) with two deputies, the Party of the Democratic Revolution (PRD) with one, and the New Alliance party (PANAL) with two deputies.
Judiciary
Judicial power rests in the Superior Court of Justice of Nuevo León, led by Minister Gustavo Adolfo Guerrero Gutiérrez.
Political parties
Official recognition is given by the State Electoral Commission to those parties getting more than 1.5% of the votes in the last election (Art.40 of the State Electoral Law), which are the ones represented in Congress.

Municipalities

Nuevo León is divided into 51 municipalities (municipios). See municipalities of Nuevo León.

Largest cities

City City
Population[19]
Metropolitan
Population[20]
Metropolitan
area type
Monterrey 1,135,550 4,570,577 Municipality
Guadalupe 678,006 Part of Greater Monterrey
Apodaca 523,270
San Nicolás de los Garza 443,273
General Escobedo 357,256
Santa Catarina 270,790
Juarez 256,454
García 143,668
San Pedro Garza García 119,017

Climate

Nuevo León has many biomes, which is why it has different climates. Some areas in the mountains are very cold in winter and temperate in summer. In the northern part of the state the climate is arid as a result of the proximity to the Chihuahuan desert. Extreme high temperatures of 47 °C or more occur on the desert areas while winters are short and mild. In Monterrey the climate is hot semi-arid with extreme hot summers and mild winters. There is very little rainfall throughout the year, usually about 500 mm or less.

Monterrey
Climate chart (explanation)
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Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: MSN Weather UK (2009-01-07), INEGI, 2006 report
Anáhuac
Climate chart (explanation)
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Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: MSN Weather UK (2009-01-07), INEGI, 2006 report

Flora and fauna

Flora and fauna of Nuevo León
San-joaquin-kit-fox Schwarzbär-Omega Park Cardinal Hooded Skunk side (Gelsenkirchen) Aquila chrysaetos Flickr
Vulpes macrotis Ursus americanus Cardinalis cardinalis Mephitis macroura Aquila chrysaetos
Stellers jay - natures pics Javelina Agkistrodon taylori2 Least Grebe - breeding plumage Gabelbock fws 1b
Cyanocitta stelleri Pecari tajacu Agkistrodon taylori Tachybaptus dominicus Antilocapra americana
Starr 070205-4086 Carya pecan Dioon edule03 Redbud against sky Aztekium ritteri0056 Pinus culminicola
Carya illinoinensis Dioon edule Cercis canadensis Aztekium ritteri Pinus culminicola

Twinning and covenants

The state has agreements with other states, provinces, regions and autonomous communities.[21]

See also

Sources

References

  1. ^ "Las Diputaciones Provinciales" (PDF) (in Spanish). p. 15.
  2. ^ "Senadores por Nuevo León LXI Legislatura". Senado de la Republica. Retrieved March 29, 2010.
  3. ^ "Listado de Diputados por Grupo Parlamentario del Estado de Nuevo León". Camara de Diputados. Retrieved March 28, 2010.
  4. ^ "Resumen". Cuentame INEGI. Archived from the original on May 12, 2013. Retrieved February 12, 2013.
  5. ^ "Relieve". Cuentame INEGI. Archived from the original on May 11, 2012. Retrieved March 30, 2011.
  6. ^ "Encuesta Intercensal 2015" (PDF). Retrieved December 8, 2015.
  7. ^ "Jalisco". 2010. Archived from the original on April 20, 2011. Retrieved March 24, 2011.
  8. ^ "Reporte: Jueves 3 de Junio del 2010. Cierre del peso mexicano". www.pesomexicano.com.mx. Retrieved August 10, 2010.
  9. ^ Gerhard, Peter. The North Frontier of New Spain. Princeton, Princeton University Press, 1982.
  10. ^ En los albores de la independencia: Las Provincias Internas de Oriente durante la insurrección de don Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, 1810–1811. by Isidro Vizcaya Canales
  11. ^ "Mexico: extended population list". GeoHive. Archived from the original on 2012-03-11. Retrieved 2011-07-29.
  12. ^ "Encuesta Intercensal 2015" (PDF). INEGI. Retrieved 2015-12-08.
  13. ^ INEGI, Población total por entidad federativa según sexo, 2000 y 2005 and PIB estatal
  14. ^ [1]
  15. ^ Industrial Costs in Mexico – A Guide for Foreign Investors 2007. Mexico City: Bancomext. 2007. p. 96.
  16. ^ Industrial Costs in Mexico – A Guide for Foreign Investors 2007. Mexico City: Bancomext. 2007. p. 92.
  17. ^ "Research and Technology Innovation Park PIIT". Archived from the original on 2009-03-07.
  18. ^ "Monterrey, city of knowledge". Mtycic.org. Retrieved 31 May 2018.
  19. ^ "Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía (INEGI)". Inegi.org.mx. Retrieved 31 May 2018.
  20. ^ "2010 U.S. Census Data and Link to tables of population data from Census of 2010". Inegi.org.mx. Retrieved 31 May 2018.
  21. ^ "Secretaría de Relaciones Exteriores - Gobierno - gob.mx". Sre.gob.mx. Retrieved 31 May 2018.
  22. ^ "La Jornada: Los gobiernos de Nuevo León y Texas pactan impulsar la economía". Jornada.unam.mx. Retrieved 31 May 2018.
  23. ^ "Firman acuerdo de colaboración gobierno de NL y Cataluña, España - INFO7". Info7.com.mx. Retrieved 31 May 2018.
  24. ^ "Firman NL y Cataluña intercambio estratégico - INFO7". Info7.com.mx. Retrieved 31 May 2018.
  25. ^ "Nuevo León y Cataluña, ¿tierras hermanas?". Publimetro México. Retrieved 31 May 2018.

External links

AAA Northern Tag Team Championship

The AAA Northern Tag Team Championship (Campeonatos de Parejas del Norte AAA in Spanish) was a secondary tag team title contested for in the Mexican lucha libre promotion Lucha Libre AAA Worldwide (AAA). The title was contested for almost exclusively in the Monterrey, Nuevo León area, primarily in Arena Coliseo. The championship was generally not featured on AAA's television programming not even when reigning champions wrestled. Some of the championship histories is unclear, especially around the creation of the championship, it was originally not an AAA championship but a Northwestern region tag team title defended on the independent circuit but the origin remains unclear. Being a professional wrestling championship, it is not won legitimately: it is instead won via a predetermined ending to a wrestling match.

Anáhuac Municipality

Anáhuac Municipality is one of the municipalities, of the Mexican state of Nuevo León. The city of Anáhuac was founded on May 5, 1933, inside the municipal jurisdiction of Lampazos de Naranjo, Nuevo León, as the political head of the National System of Irrigation No.04 (SNI). On May 29, 1935, this city was declared a municipality. By decision of the Government of the State the municipal territory annexed the abandoned community of Colombia, Nuevo León in 1978. From 1992, Anáhuac Municipality has received federal contributions for the commercial use of the Colombia-Solidarity International Bridge, which is the only international border crossing between Nuevo León and Texas. Anáhuac Municipality is divided into eight regions: Estación Rodríguez, Ejido Nuevo Rodríguez, Ejido Camarón, Ejido Nuevo Anáhuac, Ejido Rodríguez, Ciudad Anáhuac, Salinillas, and Regantes.

Apodaca

Apodaca (Spanish pronunciation: [apoˈðaka]) is a city and its surrounding municipality that is part of Monterrey Metropolitan area. It lies in the northeastern part of the metropolitan area. As of the 2005 census, the city had a population of 393,195 and the municipality had a population of 418,784. The municipality has an area of 183.5 km2. The fourth-largest city in the state (after Monterrey, Guadalupe, and San Nicolás de los Garza), Apodaca is one of the fastest-growing cities in Nuevo León and an important industrial center.

Chihuahuan Desert

The Chihuahuan Desert (Spanish: Desierto de Chihuahua) is a desert and ecoregion designation covering parts of northern Mexico and the southwestern United States. It occupies much of West Texas, parts of the middle and lower Rio Grande Valley and the lower Pecos Valley in New Mexico, and a portion of southeastern Arizona, as well as the central and northern portions of the Mexican Plateau. It is bordered on the west by the extensive Sierra Madre Occidental range, along with northwestern lowlands of the Sierra Madre Oriental range. On the Mexican side, it covers a large portion of the state of Chihuahua, along with portions of Coahuila, north-eastern Durango, the extreme northern part of Zacatecas, and small western portions of Nuevo León. With an area of about 362,000 km2 (139,769 sq mi), it is the third largest desert of the Western Hemisphere and the second largest in North America, after the Great Basin Desert.

Estadio Universitario (UANL)

The Estadio Universitario ("University Stadium") – nicknamed El Volcán (Spanish for "The Volcano") is a football stadium located on the campus of the Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León in San Nicolás de los Garza, Nuevo León, Mexico.

General Escobedo

General Escobedo, or simply Escobedo, is a city and municipality in Nuevo León, Mexico that is part of the Monterrey Metropolitan area. As of the census of 2005, the population was 295,131 in the city and 299,364 in the municipality. The municipality has an area of around 205 km² and shares borders to the south with San Nicolás de los Garza, Monterrey and Santa Catarina; to the north with Hidalgo and El Carmen; to the east with Apodaca and Salinas Victoria; and to the west with García. Escobedo is also the home of the Mexican Army's 7th Military Zone Army Base.

Governor of Nuevo León

The Mexican state of Nuevo León has been governed by more than a hundred individuals in its history, who have had various titles and degrees of responsibility depending on the prevailing political regime of the time.

Under the current regime, executive power rests in a governor, who is directly elected by the citizens, using a secret ballot, to a six-year term with no possibility of reelection. The position is open only to a Mexican citizen by birth, at least 30 years old with at least five years residency in Nuevo León.

The governor's term begins on October 4 and finishes on October 3 six years later. Elections occur 3 years before/after presidential elections.

Guadalupe, Nuevo León

Guadalupe is a city and surrounding municipality located in the state of Nuevo León, in northern Mexico. It is part of the Greater Monterrey Metropolitan area.

The municipality of Guadalupe, which lies adjacent to the east side of Monterrey, also borders the municipalities of San Nicolás de los Garza, Apodaca, Pesquería, and Juárez. Covering a territory of 151.3 km², it is located at 25°40′39″N 100°15′35″W,

at an altitude of 500 meters above sea level. As of the 2005 census its official population was 691,434 in the city and 691,931 in the entire municipality. It is the second-largest city and municipality in the state. The municipality has an area of 151.3 km² (58.42 sq mi).

The city was founded on January 4, 1716, but the land was inhabited long before that. When Monterrey was founded in 1596, the land, which was populated by various indigenous tribes, was ceded to Diego de Montemayor, the founder of Monterrey, but he did not make use of the land. In 1627, the land was turned into large plantations, where sugar cane and corn was raised. The owner of the land during around the time of the turn of the 18th century was named Capitán Nicolás Ochoa de Elejalde, but the land was taken from him by the Spanish government and converted into a mission in February, 1715. In 1756, the city was renamed the "Pueblo de la Nueva Tlaxcala de Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe de Horcasitas". On March 5, 1825, the city was declared a municipality of Nuevo León and categorized as a villa, even though for many years it continued to be called the "Villa de Guadalupe".

Linares, Nuevo León

Linares is a small city in the state of Nuevo León, Mexico. The city serves as the administrative centre for the surrounding municipality of the same name and it is the largest urban centre of the so-called "orange belt" region. The city had a 2005 census population of 56,065, while the municipality's population was 71,061. The city and the municipality both rank tenth in population in the state. The municipality has an area of 2,445.2 km² (944.1 sq mi) and lies in the east-southeast part of the state on the border with the state of Tamaulipas. The municipality of Hualahuises is an enclave of Linares municipality.

It was founded on 2 April 1712 by Sebastián Villegas Cumplido and named in honour of the serving Viceroy of New Spain, Fernando de Alencastre Norona y Silva,

Duke of Linares.

Linares has a small industrial park and is well-connected to both Monterrey and the Gulf of Mexico via a modern highway. It is also the main gateway to the southern part of the state.

The town is also where the legendary norteño band Los Cadetes De Linares, originated from in the 1970s.

List of television stations in Nuevo León

The following is a list of all IFT-licensed over-the-air television stations broadcasting in the Mexican state of Nuevo León. There are 37 television stations in Nuevo León which are affiliated to at least one Televisa, TV Azteca, Multimedios, Canal Once, or Canal 28 network.

Mexican Federal Highway 35

Federal Highway 35 (Spanish: Carretera Federal 35, Fed. 35) is a free part of the federal highways corridors (Spanish: los corredores carreteros federales) of Mexico, that is in two separate improved segments.Fed. 35 in Jalisco connects Santa Rosa, Jalisco (near Acatlán de Juárez, Jalisco), to La Barca, Jalisco. The length of this segment of the highway is 79 km (49.1 mi).Fed. 35 in Nuevo León connects China, Nuevo León to Montemorelos, Nuevo León. The length of this segment of the highway is 93 km (57.8 mi).

Monterrey

Monterrey (; Spanish pronunciation: [monteˈrei] (listen)) is the capital and largest city of the northeastern state of Nuevo León, Mexico. The city is anchor to the Monterrey metropolitan area, the second most productive in Mexico with a GDP (PPP) of US$ 123 billion and the third largest with an estimated population of 4,689,601 people as of 2015. Monterrey serves as a commercial center of northern Mexico and is the base of many significant international corporations, its purchasing power parity-adjusted GDP per capita is considerably higher than the rest of the country's at around US$35,500 to the country's US$18,800. It is considered a Beta World City, cosmopolitan and competitive. Rich in history and culture, it is one of the most developed cities in Mexico and is often regarded as its most "Americanized".As an important industrial and business center, the city is also home to many Mexican companies, including Grupo Avante, Lanix Electronics, Ocresa, CEMEX, Vitro, OXXO, FEMSA, DINA S.A., Cuauhtémoc Moctezuma Brewery, and Grupo ALFA. Monterrey is also home to international companies such as Siemens, Accenture, Ternium, Sony, Toshiba, Carrier, Whirlpool, Samsung, Toyota, Babcock & Wilcox, Daewoo, British American Tobacco, Nokia, Dell, Boeing, HTC, General Electric, Johnson Controls, Gamesa, LG, SAS Institute, Grundfos, Danfoss, Qualfon and Teleperformance, among others.Monterrey is in northeast Mexico, at the foothills of the Sierra Madre Oriental. The uninterrupted settlement of Monterrey was founded by Diego de Montemayor in 1596. In the years after the Mexican War of Independence, Monterrey became an important business center. With the establishment of Fundidora Monterrey, the city has experienced great industrial growth.

San Nicolás de los Garza

San Nicolás de los Garza, sometimes known only as San Nicolás, is a city and coextensive municipality in the Mexican state of Nuevo León that is part of the Monterrey Metropolitan area. It has become primarily a city for residencies and family houses, although it still has several factories that tend to relocate to the periphery of the metropolitan area. It is the third-largest city in the state, behind Monterrey and Guadalupe.

It houses the Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León (Autonomous University of Nuevo León), one of the most prestigious public schools in Mexico and Latin America.

San Nicolás, although less populated than Monterrey, has the higher population density.

Santa Catarina, Nuevo León

Santa Catarina is a city in Santa Catarina Municipality in the state of Nuevo León, Mexico that is part of the Monterrey Metropolitan area.

Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León

The Autonomous University of Nuevo León (Spanish: Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, UANL) is a public university with seven campuses across the Northern state of Nuevo León, Mexico. Founded as University of Nuevo León on 25 September 1933, it is the third largest public university in Mexico in terms of student population and the most important institution of higher learning in Northeastern Mexico, which offers the highest number of academic programs. It is also the oldest university in the state, it is currently headquartered in San Nicolás de los Garza, a suburb of Monterrey.The UANL has seven distinct campuses: the Main Campus, which houses the Administration Building, Colleges of Law, Biological Sciences, Chemistry, Public Accounting and Philosophy, amongst others, as well as the Football Stadium, and other sport facilities. Other campuses include the Health Sciences Campus, the Mederos Humanities and Fine Arts campus, the Marin Agronomy Center, the Escobedo Agricultural Sciences Campus, the Linares Earth Sciences, and Forestry campus,as well as the Sabinas Hidalgo facilities, where extensions of the Colleges of Law, and Business are housed.The institution counts with 84 Libraries with a total of 2,238,000 Library volumes. It has 27 research facilities with 438 national researchers, 16 academic journals, 9 main campus bookstores, 25 student computer centers and 53 cafeterias.The University has been ranked by various organizations as one of the best public universities in Mexico and Latin America, it has been ranked 4th place in a publication of the Best Universities Of Mexico 2014 by the Rankia Organization in Mexico, and is ranked as one of the 10 most recognized universities in Mexico by a number of organizations like QS World University Rankings and the Mexican journal "El Universal".

XEG-AM

XEG-AM is a Class A radio station on clear-channel frequency 1050 kHz in the state of Nuevo León, Mexico. It is licensed for Guadalupe, Nuevo León and brands itself as serving Monterrey. Known for its border blaster status in the 1950s, it now uses the name La Ranchera de Monterrey and broadcasts ranchera music.

XEMR-AM

XEMR-AM is a Mexican Class A, clear-channel station on 1140 kHz and licensed for Apodaca, Nuevo León. It is licensed to Organizacion Mexicana de Radio, S.A. de C.V. and operated by Grupo Radio Alegría.

XHAHU-FM

XHAHU-FM (103.3 FM, "Radio Nuevo León") is a radio station that serves the Anáhuac, Nuevo León - Nuevo Laredo, Tamaulipas, Mexico and Laredo, Texas, United States border area. XHAHU is part of the Nuevo León state-owned Radio Nuevo León public network.

XHMNL-TDT

Canal 28 is an educational and public television station owned and operated by the government of the Mexican state of Nuevo León. It is part of Radio y Televisión de Nuevo León and broadcasts on 24 transmitters serving the entire state.

Imperial conversion
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
0.6
 
 
68
50
 
 
0.6
 
 
72
54
 
 
0.7
 
 
81
59
 
 
1.1
 
 
86
64
 
 
1.7
 
 
90
72
 
 
2.5
 
 
93
73
 
 
2.1
 
 
95
75
 
 
2.4
 
 
95
75
 
 
5.2
 
 
90
72
 
 
2.8
 
 
82
64
 
 
1
 
 
75
57
 
 
0.6
 
 
70
52
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Imperial conversion
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
1.1
 
 
64
41
 
 
0.8
 
 
72
45
 
 
0.6
 
 
79
50
 
 
2
 
 
84
59
 
 
3
 
 
91
68
 
 
1.8
 
 
97
73
 
 
1.7
 
 
100
77
 
 
1.3
 
 
99
77
 
 
2.1
 
 
91
72
 
 
2.4
 
 
84
59
 
 
0.9
 
 
73
50
 
 
0.9
 
 
66
43
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Nuevo León State of Nuevo León
Topics
Municipalities
Regions

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