Novus ordo seclorum

The phrase Novus ordo seclorum (Latin for "New order of the ages"; English: /ˈnoʊvəs ˈɔːrdoʊ sɛˈklɔːrəm/; Latin pronunciation: [ˈnowʊs ˈordo seˈklorũ]) is the second of two mottos that appear on the reverse (or back side) of the Great Seal of the United States. (The first motto is Annuit cœptis, literally translated "[He/she/it] has favored our undertakings".) The Great Seal was first designed in 1782, and has been printed on the back of the United States one-dollar bill since 1935. The phrase Novus ordo seclorum is sometimes mistranslated as "New World Order" by people who believe in a conspiracy behind the design.[1]

Origin and phrase meaning

The phrase is a reference to the fourth Eclogue of Virgil,[1] which contains a passage (lines 5-8[2]) that reads:

Latin English
Ultima Cumaei venit iam carminis aetas; Now is come the final era of the Sibyl's song;
Magnus ab integro saeclorum nascitur ordo. The great order of the ages is born afresh.
iam redit et Virgo, redeunt Saturnia regna, now justice returns, honored rules return (or return of Saturn's reign);
iam nova progenies caelo demittitur alto. now a new lineage is sent down from high heaven.

The forms saecla, saeclorum etc. were normal alternatives to the more common saecula etc. throughout the history of Latin poetry and prose. The form saeculorum is impossible in hexameter verse: the ae and o are long, the u short by position. For the medieval exchange between ae, æ and e, see Æ; the word medieval (mediæval) itself is another example.

Medieval Christians read Virgil's poem as a prophecy of the coming of Christ. The Augustan Age, although pre-Christian, was viewed as a golden age preparing the world for the coming of Christ. The great poets of this age were viewed as a source of revelation and light upon the Christian mysteries to come.[3]

The word seclorum does not mean "secular", as one might assume, but is the genitive (possessive) plural form of the word saeculum, meaning (in this context) generation, century, or age. Saeculum did come to mean "age, world" in late, Christian Latin, and "secular" is derived from it, through secularis. However, the adjective "secularis," meaning "worldly," is not equivalent to the genitive plural "seclorum," meaning "of the ages."[4]

Thus the motto Novus ordo seclorum can be translated as "A new order of the ages." It was proposed by Charles Thomson, the Latin expert who was involved in the design of the Great Seal of the United States, to signify "the beginning of the new American Era" as of the date of the Declaration of Independence.[1][5]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c "Novus Ordo Seclorum - Origin and Meaning of the Motto Beneath the American Pyramid". GreatSeal.com.
  2. ^ P. Vergilius Maro, Eclogues, J. B. Greenough, Ed.
  3. ^ Ann Raftery Meyer: Medieval allegory and the building of the new Jerusalem DS Brewer, 2003. ISBN 978-0-85991-796-4
  4. ^ Lewis and Short, A Latin Dictionary: Founded on Andrews' Edition of Freund's Latin Dictionary: Revised, Enlarged, and in Great Part Rewritten by Charlton T. Lewis, Ph.D. and Charles Short, LL.D. The Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1879, s. vv.
  5. ^ "The Great Seal of the United States," U.S. Dept. of State, Bureau of Public Affairs, Washington, D.C., July 2003, pp. 4, 5, 15. PDF of official brochure.
American Creed

The American Creed is a statement of the defining element of American identity, first formulated by Thomas Jefferson and elaborated by many others, that includes liberty, equality, individualism, populism, and laissez faire.. Not to be confused with Dean Alfange's "An American's Creed".

Annuit cœptis

Annuit cœptis (; in Classical Latin: [ˈannuɪt ˈkoe̯ptiːs]) is one of two mottos on the reverse side of the Great Seal of the United States. (The second motto is Novus ordo seclorum; another motto appears on the obverse (front) side of the Great Seal: E pluribus unum.) Taken from the Latin words annuo (third-person singular present or perfect annuit), "to nod" or "to approve", and coeptum (plural coepta), "commencement, undertaking", it is literally translated, "[providence] favors our undertakings" or "[providence] has favored our undertakings" (annuit could be in either the present or perfect tense).

E pluribus unum

E pluribus unum (; Classical Latin: [ˈeː ˈpluːrɪbʊs ˈuːnũː])—Latin for "Out of many, one" (translated as "One out of many" or "One from many")—is a 13-letter traditional motto of the United States, appearing on the Great Seal along with Annuit cœptis (Latin for "he approves the undertaking [lit. 'things undertaken']") and Novus ordo seclorum (Latin for "New order of the ages"), and adopted by an Act of Congress in 1782. Never codified by law, E pluribus unum was considered a de facto motto of the United States until 1956 when the United States Congress passed an act (H. J. Resolution 396), adopting "In God We Trust" as the official motto.

Great Seal of the United States

The Great Seal of the United States is used to authenticate certain documents issued by the federal government of the United States. The phrase is used both for the physical seal itself, which is kept by the United States Secretary of State, and more generally for the design impressed upon it. The Great Seal was first used publicly in 1782.

The obverse of the Great Seal is used as the national coat of arms of the United States. It is officially used on documents such as United States passports, military insignia, embassy placards, and various flags. As a coat of arms, the design has official colors; the physical Great Seal itself, as affixed to paper, is monochrome.

Since 1935, both sides of the Great Seal have appeared on the reverse of the one-dollar bill. The Seal of the President of the United States is directly based on the Great Seal, and its elements are used in numerous government agency and state seals.

Heavy Metal Poisoning

"Heavy Metal Poisoning" is a song by American rock band Styx. It was included as the fifth track on their 1983 studio album Kilroy Was Here.

The song in the story of Kilroy Was Here has the character of Dr Righteous (portrayed by James "JY" Young) preaching the "evils" of rock and roll. Although the song got only minor airplay on FM rock radio, its music video received significant airplay on MTV.

It would be released as a B-side to the single "Music Time" (from the band's 1984 double live album Caught in the Act) in 1984.

Higher Art of Rebellion

Higher Art of Rebellion is the second full-length studio album by the German symphonic black metal band Agathodaimon. In 2009 Metal Mind Productions reissued the album as a remastered digipak edition. The reissue is limited to numerated 2000 copies and was digitally remastered using 24-Bit process on golden disc. It also retains the 2 bonus tracks of the previously released limited edition version of the album.

Kevin Talley

Kevin Talley (born May 21, 1978) is an American heavy metal drummer for Dååth, Feared, Sylencer and Nothnegal. He is the former drummer for Dying Fetus, Misery Index, Six Feet Under, Chimaira and Suffocation. In addition, he was the touring drummer for Battlecross in 2013.

Kilroy Was Here (album)

Kilroy Was Here is the eleventh studio album by the rock band Styx, released on February 22, 1983. The album is named after a famous World War II graffiti, 'Kilroy was here'. It was the final album of original material to be released by the "classic" lineup of Dennis DeYoung, Tommy Shaw, James "J.Y." Young, John Panozzo, and Chuck Panozzo.

The album spawned two hit singles, the synth-pop "Mr. Roboto" which later became one of their signature songs, and the power ballad "Don't Let It End". both of them were major hits in 1983, peaking at #3 and #6 respectively.

The hard rocker "Heavy Metal Poisoning", fifth track on the album, begins with the backmasked Latin words "annuit cœptis, novus ordo seclorum". Translated from the Latin, these words mean "[he/she/it] has favored our undertakings, a new order of the ages". These are the two mottoes from the Great Seal of the United States on the reverse side of the United States one-dollar bill.

The album is certified platinum by the RIAA. As of 2019, it is the last studio album by the band to be certified platinum.

National symbols of the United States

National symbols of the United States are the symbols used to represent the United States of America.

New World Order

New World Order, new world order or The New World Order may refer to:

New World Order (conspiracy theory), a conspiracy theory referring to the emergence of a totalitarian one world government

New world order (politics), any period of history evidencing a dramatic change in world political thought and the balance of power

New world order (Baháí), a body of teachings of the Bahá'í Faith

Noir (William Control album)

Noir is the second studio album by William Control. It was released on June 8, 2010, and the only single, released a day after the album, was I'm Only Human Sometimes (which live performances have been ended with for some years now). This was accompanied by a music video, with both clean and uncensored versions available. The single's cover was rejected by online music retailer iTunes, who considered it 'unsuitable for minors'. Noir was written, produced and engineered by William Control, and recorded at Sleepy Hollow Studios, then mixed by Justin Armstrong and William Control at Robert Lang Studios in Seattle.

Ordo

Ordo (Latin "order, rank, class") may refer to:

A musical phrase constructed from one or more statements of a rhythmic mode pattern and ending in a rest

Big O notation in calculation of algorithm computational complexity

Orda (organization), also ordo or horde, was a nomadic palace for the Mongol aristocrats and the Turkic rulers

Order (biology), in the taxonomy of organisms

Ordo Recitandi or directorium gives complete details of the celebration of the Eucharist and the Liturgy of the Hours, beginning with the first Sunday of Advent

Religious order in monasticism

The Inquisition from Warhammer 40,000 has three main ordines: Ordo Malleus, Ordo Hereticus and Ordo Xenos

Ordo Templi Orientis, an organization dedicated to the religious philosophy of Thelema

The scholarly economic/political science journal The ORDO Yearbook of Economic and Social Order

Canderous Ordo, a fictional character in the Star Wars video games Star Wars: Knights of the Old Republic and Star Wars Knights of the Old Republic II: The Sith Lords

A fictional encryption program from the book Cryptonomicon, by Neal Stephenson

Novus ordo seclorum which appears on the reverse of the Great Seal of the United States

Ordo Missae or Order of Mass, the order (regulation) of the Eucharist in the Roman Rite of the Catholic Church

Perpetual Union

The Perpetual Union is a feature of the Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union, which established the United States of America as a national entity. Under modern American constitutional law, this concept means that U.S. states are not permitted to overthrow the U.S. Constitution and withdraw from the Union.

Riddare av Koden

Riddare Av Koden is a Heavy Metal band from South Africa. Formerly known as Elegy, the band had to change its name in November 2009, when the underground success of their debut album attracted the attention of Universal Records. They then became known as Riddare Av Koden, when translated from Swedish, means "Knights of the Code", and currently perform and release under that name.

Silentium Amoris

Silentium Amoris, the third studio album by William Control, was released on April 2, 2012 through Control Records. It was produced and engineered by William Control, and mixed by Justin Armstrong. Recording and mixing took place at the Control Room in January/February 2012. A video for the only single, Kiss Me Judas, was released on YouTube, although a video was also released for The Velvet Warms And Binds. A portion of the proceeds from the album was donated to the Ryther Treatment Center, where Francis lived for a time as a teenager.

Swansong (album)

Swansong is the fifth studio album by English extreme metal band Carcass. It was released on 10 June 1996 in the UK by Earache Records. It is the only Carcass album to feature guitarist Carlo Regadas. This album was intended to be their major label debut, having been signed by Columbia Records following the success of Heartwork, but disputes with that record company caused them to return to Earache. The album was re-released on 21 July 2008, as a dualdisc including the fifth part of The Pathologist's Report. It was the band's last studio release for over 17 years, until Surgical Steel was released in 2013.

Wil Francis

William Roy "wiL" Francis (aka William Control) (born January 8, 1982 in Seattle, Washington) is an American rock musician, record producer, author, and artist. He came to prominence as the lead vocalist and principal songwriter of the horror punk band Aiden. He has also released four albums (Hate Culture, Noir, Silentium Amoris, and The Neuromancer) under the name William Control, featuring a synthesizer driven darkwave, synthpop style, as well as 2 live albums (Live In London Town and Babylon, 2 acoustic albums (Skeleton Strings and Skeleton Strings 2), an EP (Novus Ordo Seclorum), and a remix album (Remix). The fifth album, Revelations, has been split into 4 EPs: The Pale EP (October 2016), The Black EP (February 2017), and The Red EP (July 2017) and The White EP (November 2017). Francis also acts as producer to bands such as Fearless Vampire Killers, A Midnight Tragedy and Ashestoangels, as well as producing his own William Control and Aiden music, and formed his own record label, Control Records. In May 2009, Kerrang! called Francis "one of the most enigmatic and talismanic frontmen in rock music today."In June 2018, Francis temporarily ceased production on new works and closed Control Records due to allegations from multiple women of sexual assault and grooming.

William Control

William Control was an American electronic music project founded in 2008 in Seattle, Washington. It was the side project of Aiden's William Francis before Aiden's hiatus, and he later operated as William Control full-time. 'William Control' therefore refers to both the band as a whole and to Francis as his stage name. Francis was signed to Victory Records before starting his own independent label Control Records, and, as William Control, has released five full-length albums (Hate Culture, Noir, Silentium Amoris, The Neuromancer and Revelations (split into four separate EPs)), an EP (Novus Ordo Seclorum), two acoustic albums (Skeleton Strings and Skeleton Strings 2), two live DVDs (Live in London Town and Babylon) and a remix album (Remix). The first part of Revelations, The Pale, was released on October 14, 2016. The second EP The Black followed on February 17, 2017 and the third, entitled The Red, followed that with a release date of July 14 of the same year. The album was completed by The White on November 24. As of The Neuromancer Francis referred to his band as 'The Neuromantic Boys', and the 'Boys' most recently consisted of Kenneth Fletcher (who has been a part of the William Control project since Hate Culture) and Ian MacWilliams, with Crilly Ashes standing in for Fletcher for some of 2017's live shows. Control announced his retirement from music/touring in October 2017, stating that he was going to concentrate on his clothing businesses and Control Records. In June 2018, Control temporarily ceased work due to accusations of sexual assault and the formation of a "sex cult" with groupies.

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