November 24 is the 328th day of the year (329th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 37 days remaining until the end of the year.
|November 24 in recent years
| 2018 (Saturday)
| 2017 (Friday)
| 2016 (Thursday)
| 2015 (Tuesday)
| 2014 (Monday)
| 2013 (Sunday)
| 2012 (Saturday)
| 2011 (Thursday)
| 2010 (Wednesday)
| 2009 (Tuesday)
- 380 – Theodosius I makes his adventus, or formal entry, into Constantinople.
- 1190 – Conrad of Montferrat becomes King of Jerusalem upon his marriage to Isabella I of Jerusalem.
- 1227 – Polish Prince Leszek the White is assassinated at an assembly of Piast dukes at Gąsawa.
- 1248 – In the middle of the night a mass on the north side of Mont Granier suddenly collapsed, in one of the largest historical rockslope failures known in Europe.
- 1359 – Peter I of Cyprus ascends to the throne of Cyprus after his father, Hugh IV of Cyprus abdicates.
- 1429 – Hundred Years' War: Joan of Arc unsuccessfully besieges La Charité.
- 1542 – Battle of Solway Moss: An English army defeats a much larger Scottish force near the River Esk in Dumfries and Galloway.
- 1642 – Abel Tasman becomes the first European to discover the island Van Diemen's Land (later renamed Tasmania).
- 1750 – Tarabai, regent of the Maratha Empire, imprisons Rajaram II for refusing to remove Balaji Baji Rao from the post of peshwa.
- 1832 – South Carolina passes the Ordinance of Nullification, declaring that the Tariffs of 1832 and 1838 were null and void in the state, beginning the Nullification Crisis.
- 1835 – The Texas Provincial Government authorizes the creation of a horse-mounted police force called the Texas Rangers (which is now the Texas Ranger Division of the Texas Department of Public Safety).
- 1850 – Danish troops defeat a Schleswig-Holstein force in the town of Lottorf, Schleswig-Holstein.
- 1859 – Charles Darwin publishes On the Origin of Species.
- 1863 – American Civil War: Battle of Lookout Mountain: Near Chattanooga, Tennessee, Union forces under General Ulysses S. Grant capture Lookout Mountain and begin to break the Confederate siege of the city led by General Braxton Bragg.
- 1877 – Anna Sewell's animal welfare novel Black Beauty is published.
- 1906 – A 13–6 victory by the Massillon Tigers over their rivals, the Canton Bulldogs, for the "Ohio League" Championship, leads to accusations that the championship series was fixed and results in the first major scandal in professional American football.
- 1917 – In Milwaukee, nine members of the Milwaukee Police Department are killed by a bomb, the most deaths in a single event in U.S. police history until the September 11 attacks in 2001.
- 1922 – Nine Irish Republican Army members are executed by an Irish Free State firing squad. Among them is author Erskine Childers, who had been arrested for illegally carrying a revolver.
- 1932 – In Washington, D.C., the FBI Scientific Crime Detection Laboratory (better known as the FBI Crime Lab) officially opens.
- 1935 – The Senegalese Socialist Party holds its second congress.
- 1940 – World War II: The First Slovak Republic becomes a signatory to the Tripartite Pact, officially joining the Axis powers.
- 1941 – World War II: The United States grants Lend-Lease to the Free French Forces.
- 1943 – World War II: At the battle of Makin the USS Liscome Bay is torpedoed near Tarawa and sinks, killing 650 men.
- 1944 – World War II: The 73rd Bombardment Wing launches the first attack on Tokyo from the Northern Mariana Islands.
- 1962 – Cold War: The West Berlin branch of the Socialist Unity Party of Germany forms a separate party, the Socialist Unity Party of West Berlin.
- 1962 – The influential British satirical television programme That Was the Week That Was is first broadcast.
- 1963 – Lee Harvey Oswald, the assassin of President John F. Kennedy, is killed by Jack Ruby.
- 1965 – Joseph-Désiré Mobutu seizes power in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and becomes President; he rules the country (which he renames Zaire in 1971) for over 30 years, until being overthrown by rebels in 1997.
- 1966 – Bulgarian TABSO Flight 101 crashes near Bratislava, Czechoslovakia, killing all 82 people on board.
- 1969 – Apollo program: The Apollo 12 command module splashes down safely in the Pacific Ocean, ending the second manned mission to land on the Moon.
- 1971 – During a severe thunderstorm over Washington state, a hijacker calling himself Dan Cooper (aka D. B. Cooper) parachutes from a Northwest Orient Airlines plane with $200,000 in ransom money. He has never been found.
- 1973 – A national speed limit is imposed on the Autobahn in Germany because of the 1973 oil crisis. The speed limit lasts only four months.
- 1974 – Donald Johanson and Tom Gray discover the 40% complete Australopithecus afarensis skeleton, nicknamed "Lucy" (after The Beatles song "Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds"), in the Awash Valley of Ethiopia's Afar Depression.
- 1976 – The Çaldıran–Muradiye earthquake in eastern Turkey kills between 4,000 and 5,000 people.
- 2012 – A fire at a clothing factory in Dhaka, Bangladesh, kills at least 112 people.
- 2013 – Iran signs an interim agreement with the P5+1 countries, limiting its nuclear program in exchange for reduced sanctions.
- 2015 – A Russian Air Force Sukhoi Su-24 fighter jet is shot down by the Turkish Air Force over the Syria–Turkey border, killing one of the two pilots; a Russian marine is also killed during a subsequent rescue effort.
- 2015 – A terrorist attack on a hotel in Al-Arish, Egypt, kills at least seven people and injures 12 others.
- 2015 – An explosion on a bus carrying Tunisian Presidential Guard personnel in Tunisia's capital Tunis leaves at least 14 people dead.
- 2016 – The government of Colombia and the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia—People's Army sign a revised peace deal, bringing an end to the country's more than 50-year-long civil war.
- 1273 – Alphonso, Earl of Chester (d. 1284)
- 1394 – Charles, Duke of Orléans (d. 1465)
- 1427 – John Stafford, 1st Earl of Wiltshire, English nobleman (d. 1473)
- 1472 – Pietro Torrigiano, Italian sculptor (d. 1528)
- 1583 – Juan Martínez de Jáuregui y Aguilar, Spanish poet and painter (d. 1641)
- 1583 – Philip Massinger, English dramatist (d. 1640)
- 1594 – Henry Grey, 10th Earl of Kent, English politician, Lord Lieutenant of Bedfordshire (d. 1651)
- 1603 – John, Count of Nassau-Idstein (1629–1677) (d. 1677)
- 1615 – Philip William, Elector Palatine (d. 1690)
- 1630 – Étienne Baluze, French scholar and academic (d. 1718)
- 1632 – Baruch Spinoza, Dutch philosopher and scholar (d. 1677)
- 1655 – Charles XI of Sweden (d. 1697)
- 1690 – Charles Theodore Pachelbel, German organist and composer (d. 1750)
- 1712 – Charles-Michel de l'Épée, French priest and educator (d. 1789)
- 1712 – Ali II ibn Hussein, Tunisian ruler (d. 1782)
- 1713 – Junípero Serra, Spanish priest and missionary (d. 1784)
- 1713 – Laurence Sterne, Irish novelist and clergyman (d. 1768)
- 1724 – Maria Amalia of Saxony (d. 1760)
- 1729 – Alexander Suvorov, Russian field marshal (d. 1800)
- 1745 – Maria Luisa of Spain (d. 1792)
- 1774 – Thomas Dick, Scottish minister, author, and educator (d. 1857)
- 1784 – Zachary Taylor, American general and politician, 12th President of the United States (d. 1850)
- 1801 – Ludwig Bechstein, German author and poet (d. 1860)
- 1806 – William Webb Ellis, English priest, created Rugby football (d. 1872)
- 1811 – Ulrich Ochsenbein, Swiss lawyer and politician, President of the Swiss National Council (d. 1890)
- 1812 – Xavier Hommaire de Hell, French geographer and engineer (d. 1848)
- 1826 – Carlo Collodi, Italian journalist and author (d. 1890)
- 1840 – John Alfred Brashear, American scientist, telescope maker and educator (d. 1920)
- 1849 – Frances Hodgson Burnett, English-American novelist and playwright (d. 1924)
- 1851 – John Indermaur, British lawyer (d. 1925)
- 1857 – Miklós Kovács, Hungarian-Slovene poet and songwriter (d. 1937)
- 1859 – Cass Gilbert, American architect, designed the United States Supreme Court Building and Woolworth Building (d. 1934)
- 1864 – Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, French painter and illustrator (d. 1901)
- 1868 – Scott Joplin, American pianist and composer (d. 1917)
- 1869 – Óscar Carmona, Portuguese field marshal and politician, 11th President of Portugal (d. 1951)
- 1873 – Julius Martov, Russian politician (d. 1923)
- 1873 – Herbert Roper Barrett, English tennis player (d. 1943)
- 1874 – Charles William Miller, Brazilian footballer and referee (d. 1953)
- 1876 – Walter Burley Griffin, American architect and urban planner, designed Canberra (d. 1937)
- 1877 – Alben W. Barkley, American lawyer and politician, 35th Vice President of the United States (d. 1956)
- 1877 – Kavasji Jamshedji Petigara, Indian police officer (d. 1941)
- 1879 – Wylie Cameron Grant, American tennis player (d. 1968)
- 1881 – Al Christie, Canadian-American director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1951)
- 1882 – Nikolai Janson, Russian politician (d. 1938)
- 1884 – Yitzhak Ben-Zvi, Ukrainian-Israeli historian and politician, 2nd President of Israel (d. 1963)
- 1885 – Theodor Altermann, Estonian actor, director, and producer (d. 1915)
- 1885 – Christian Wirth, German SS officer (d. 1944)
- 1886 – Margaret Caroline Anderson, American publisher, founded The Little Review (d. 1973)
- 1887 – Raoul Paoli, French boxer and rower (d. 1960)
- 1887 – Erich von Manstein, German field marshal (d. 1973)
- 1888 – Dale Carnegie, American author and educator (d. 1955)
- 1888 – Fredrick Willius, American cardiologist and author (d. 1972)
- 1891 – Vasil Gendov, Bulgarian actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 1970)
- 1893 – Charles F. Hurley, American soldier and politician, 54th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1946)
- 1894 – Herbert Sutcliffe, English cricketer and businessman (d. 1978)
- 1895 – Esther Applin, American geologist and paleontologist (d. 1972)
- 1897 – Lucky Luciano, Italian-American mob boss (d. 1962)
- 1897 – Dorothy Shepherd-Barron, English tennis player (d. 1953)
- 1899 – Ward Morehouse, American author, playwright, and critic (d. 1966)
- 1904 – Albert Ross Tilley, Canadian captain and surgeon (d. 1988)
- 1908 – Libertad Lamarque, Argentinian actress and singer (d. 2000)
- 1910 – Larry Siemering, American football player and coach (d. 2009)
- 1911 – Kirby Grant, American actor (d. 1985)
- 1911 – Joe Medwick, American baseball player and manager (d. 1975)
- 1912 – Bernard Delfgaauw, Dutch philosopher and academic (d. 1993)
- 1912 – Garson Kanin, American director and screenwriter (d. 1999)
- 1912 – Joan Sanderson, English actress (d. 1992)
- 1912 – Charles Schneeman, American soldier and illustrator (d. 1972)
- 1912 – Teddy Wilson, American pianist and educator (d. 1986)
- 1913 – Howard Duff, American actor, director, and producer (d. 1990)
- 1913 – Geraldine Fitzgerald, Irish-American actress (d. 2005)
- 1914 – Lynn Chadwick, English sculptor (d. 2003)
- 1914 – Bessie Blount Griffin, American physical therapist, inventor and forensic scientist (d. 2009)
- 1916 – Forrest J Ackerman, American soldier and author (d. 2008)
- 1917 – Shabtai Rosenne, English-Israeli academic, jurist, and diplomat (d. 2010)
- 1919 – David Kossoff, English actor and screenwriter (d. 2005)
- 1921 – John Lindsay, American lawyer and politician, 103rd Mayor of New York City (d. 2000)
- 1922 – Claus Moser, Baron Moser, German-English statistician and academic (d. 2015)
- 1924 – Eileen Barton, American singer (d. 2006)
- 1924 – Lorne Munroe, Canadian-American cellist and educator
- 1925 – William F. Buckley, Jr., American publisher and author, founded the National Review (d. 2008)
- 1925 – Simon van der Meer, Dutch-Swiss physicist and engineer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2011)
- 1926 – Tsung-Dao Lee, Chinese-American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
- 1927 – Ahmadou Kourouma, Ivorian-French author and playwright (d. 2003)
- 1927 – Alfredo Kraus, Spanish tenor (d. 1999)
- 1927 – Kevin Skinner, New Zealand rugby player (d. 2014)
- 1929 – Franciszek Kokot, Polish nephrologist and endocrinologist
- 1929 – George Moscone, American soldier, lawyer, and politician, 37th Mayor of San Francisco (d. 1978)
- 1930 – Ken Barrington, English cricketer (d. 1981)
- 1930 – Bob Friend, American baseball player and politician (d. 2019)
- 1931 – Tommy Allsup, American guitarist (d. 2017)
- 1931 – Arthur Chaskalson, South African lawyer and judge, 18th Chief Justice of South Africa (d. 2012)
- 1932 – Claudio Naranjo, Chilean psychiatrist
- 1932 – Fred Titmus, English cricketer and coach (d. 2011)
- 1933 – John Sheridan, English rugby player and coach (d. 2012)
- 1934 – Alfred Schnittke, German-Russian journalist and composer (d. 1998)
- 1935 – Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa, Bahraini politician, Prime Minister of Bahrain
- 1935 – Ron Dellums, American soldier and politician, 48th Mayor of Oakland (d. 2018)
- 1935 – Mordicai Gerstein, American author, illustrator, and director
- 1938 – Willy Claes, Belgian conductor and politician, 8th Secretary General of NATO
- 1938 – Oscar Robertson, American basketball player and sportscaster
- 1938 – Charles Starkweather, American spree killer (d. 1959)
- 1940 – Marshall Berman, American philosopher and Marxist humanist writer (d. 2013)
- 1940 – Paul Tagliabue, American lawyer and businessman, 5th Commissioner of the National Football League
- 1940 – Eric Wilson, Canadian author and educator
- 1941 – Pete Best, Indian-English drummer and songwriter
- 1941 – Donald "Duck" Dunn, American bass player, songwriter, and producer (d. 2012)
- 1941 – Wayne Jackson, American trumpeter (Mar-Keys, The Memphis Horns) (d. 2016)
- 1942 – Billy Connolly, Scottish comedian and actor
- 1942 – Marlin Fitzwater, American soldier and journalist, 17th White House Press Secretary
- 1942 – Jean Ping, Gabonese politician and diplomat
- 1942 – Andrew Stunell, English minister and politician
- 1943 – Dave Bing, American basketball player and politician, 70th Mayor of Detroit
- 1943 – Richard Tee, American singer-songwriter and keyboard player (d. 1993)
- 1943 – Robin Williamson, Scottish singer-songwriter and guitarist
- 1943 – Margaret E. M. Tolbert, American chemist and academic
- 1944 – Bev Bevan, English drummer
- 1944 – Candy Darling, American model and actress (d. 1974)
- 1944 – Ibrahim Gambari, Nigerian academic and diplomat, 9th Nigerian Minister of Foreign Affairs
- 1944 – Dan Glickman, American businessman and politician, 26th United States Secretary of Agriculture
- 1945 – Lee Michaels, American singer-songwriter and musician
- 1946 – Ted Bundy, American serial killer (d. 1989)
- 1946 – Tony Clarkin, English guitarist and songwriter
- 1946 – Penny Jordan, English author (d. 2011)
- 1947 – Dwight Schultz, American actor
- 1947 – Dave Sinclair, English keyboard player
- 1948 – Spider Robinson, American-Canadian author and critic
- 1948 – Rudy Tomjanovich, American basketball player and coach
- 1948 – Steve Yeager, American baseball player and coach
- 1949 – Shane Bourne, Australian comedian, actor, and television host
- 1949 – Ewen Cameron, Baron Cameron of Dillington, English politician
- 1949 – Sally Davies, English hematologist and academic
- 1950 – Bob Burns, American drummer and songwriter (d. 2015)
- 1950 – Stanley Livingston, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
- 1951 – Mimis Androulakis, Greek author and politician
- 1951 – Chet Edwards, American businessman and politician
- 1951 – Margaret Mountford, Northern Irish-British lawyer and businesswoman
- 1951 – Graham Price, Egyptian-Welsh rugby player
- 1952 – Parveen Shakir, Pakistani Urdu poet (d. 1994)
- 1952 – Rachel Chagall, American actress
- 1952 – Norbert Haug, German journalist and businessman
- 1952 – Thierry Lhermitte, French actor, producer, and screenwriter
- 1952 – Jim Sheridan, Scottish politician
- 1952 – Ken Wilson, Australian rugby league player
- 1954 – Emir Kusturica, Serbian actor, director, and screenwriter
- 1954 – Margaret Wetherell, English psychologist and academic
- 1955 – Ian Botham, English cricketer, footballer, and sportscaster
- 1955 – Clem Burke, American drummer
- 1955 – Scott Hoch, American golfer
- 1955 – Lena Adelsohn Liljeroth, Swedish politician, Swedish Minister for Culture
- 1955 – Najib Mikati, Lebanese businessman and politician, 31st Prime Minister of Lebanon
- 1955 – Takashi Yuasa, Japanese lawyer and author
- 1956 – Ruben Santiago-Hudson, American actor, playwright, and director
- 1957 – Denise Crosby, American actress and producer
- 1957 – Edward Stourton, English journalist and author
- 1958 – Roy Aitken, Scottish footballer and manager
- 1958 – Margaret Curran, Scottish academic and politician
- 1958 – Nick Knight, British photographer
- 1959 – Todd Brooker, Canadian skier and sportscaster
- 1960 – Edgar Meyer, American bassist and composer
- 1961 – Carlos Carnero, Spanish lawyer and politician
- 1961 – Arundhati Roy, Indian writer and activist, recipient of Booker Prize
- 1962 – John Kovalic, English author and illustrator
- 1962 – John Squire, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
- 1962 – Paul Thorburn, German-Welsh rugby player and manager
- 1962 – Ioannis Topalidis, Greek footballer and manager
- 1962 – Tracey Wickham, Australian swimmer
- 1963 – Neale Cooper, Scottish footballer (d. 2018)
- 1964 – Garret Dillahunt, American actor
- 1964 – Brad Sherwood, American actor and game show host
- 1965 – Shirley Henderson, Scottish actress
- 1965 – Dawn Robinson, American singer and actress
- 1966 – Russell Watson, English tenor and actor
- 1967 – Henrik Brockmann, Danish singer-songwriter
- 1967 – Cal Eldred, American baseball player and sportscaster
- 1968 – Bülent Korkmaz, Turkish footballer and manager
- 1969 – David Adeang, Nauruan lawyer and politician
- 1969 – Romesh Kaluwitharana, Sri Lankan cricketer
- 1969 – Rob Nicholson, American bass player and songwriter
- 1970 – Doug Brien, American football player
- 1970 – Julieta Venegas, American-Mexican singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
- 1970 – Ashley Ward, English footballer and businessman
- 1971 – Cosmas Ndeti, Kenyan runner
- 1971 – Keith Primeau, Canadian-American ice hockey player and coach
- 1972 – Marek Lemsalu, Estonian footballer
- 1972 – Ruxandra Dragomir, Romanian tennis player
- 1973 – Alejandro Ávila, Mexican telenovela actor
- 1974 – Stephen Merchant, English actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
- 1974 – Machel Montano, Trinidadian singer-songwriter and producer
- 1974 – Tarō Yamamoto, Japanese actor and politician
- 1974 – Amy Faye Hayes, American boxing ring announcer and model
- 1975 – Thomas Kohnstamm, American author
- 1976 – Christian Laflamme, Canadian ice hockey player
- 1976 – Chen Lu, Chinese figure skater
- 1976 – Mona Hanna-Attisham British-American pediatrician, professor, and public health advocate
- 1977 – Colin Hanks, American actor
- 1977 – Celaleddin Koçak, German-Turkish footballer
- 1978 – Katherine Heigl, American actress and producer
- 1979 – Joseba Llorente, Spanish footballer
- 1980 – Kabir Ali, English cricketer
- 1980 – Beth Phoenix, American wrestler
- 1982 – Ryan Fitzpatrick, American football player
- 1982 – Sean O'Loughlin, English rugby player
- 1983 – Dean Ashton, English footballer
- 1983 – Lars Eckert, German rugby player
- 1983 – André Laurito, German footballer
- 1983 – Gwilym Lee, Welsh actor
- 1983 – José López, Venezuelan baseball player
- 1983 – Karine Vanasse, Canadian actress and producer
- 1984 – Maria Höfl-Riesch, German skier
- 1985 – Julia Alexandratou, Greek model, actress, and singer
- 1985 – Tony Hunt, American football player
- 1986 – Pedro León, Spanish footballer
- 1986 – Mohamed Massaquoi, American football player
- 1990 – Sarah Hyland, American actress
- 1990 – Tom Odell, English singer-songwriter
- 1990 – Michael Oldfield, Australian rugby league player
- 1990 – Mario Gaspar, Spanish footballer
- 1992 – Sergei Kulbach, Ukrainian figure skater
- 1993 – Ivi Adamou, Cypriot-Greek singer-songwriter
- 1993 – Joe Pigott, English footballer
- 1994 – Nabil Bentaleb, Algerian footballer
- 1994 – Reece Mastin, English-Australian singer-songwriter
- 1998 – Peyton Meyer, American actor
- 654 – Emperor Kōtoku of Japan (b. 596)
- 1072 – Bagrat IV of Georgia (b. 1018)
- 1227 – Leszek I the White, High Duke of Poland (b. c. 1186)
- 1265 – Magnús Óláfsson, King of Mann and the Isles
- 1326 – Hugh Despenser the Younger, English courtier (b. 1296)
- 1426 – Elizabeth of Lancaster, Duchess of Exeter, (b. c. 1363)
- 1468 – Jean de Dunois, French soldier (b. 1402)
- 1492 – Loys of Gruuthuse, Earl of Winchester (b. c. 1427)
- 1530 – Mingyi Nyo, Burmese ruler (b. 1459)
- 1531 – Johannes Oecolampadius, German theologian and reformer (b. 1482)
- 1572 – John Knox, Scottish pastor and theologian (b. 1510)
- 1583 – René de Birague, French cardinal (b. 1506)
- 1615 – Sethus Calvisius, German composer and theorist (b. 1556)
- 1642 – Walatta Petros, saint in the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (b. 1592)
- 1650 – Manuel Cardoso, Portuguese organist and composer (b. 1566)
- 1675 – Guru Tegh Bahadur, Indian guru (b. 1621)
- 1722 – Johann Adam Reincken, Dutch-German organist and composer (b. 1623)
- 1741 – Ulrika Eleonora, Queen of Sweden (b. 1688)
- 1770 – Charles-Jean-François Hénault, French historian and author (b. 1685)
- 1775 – Lorenzo Ricci, Italian religious leader, 18th Superior General of the Society of Jesus (b. 1703)
- 1781 – James Caldwell, American minister (b. 1734)
- 1793 – Clément Charles François de Laverdy, French lawyer and politician, French Minister of Finance (b. 1723)
- 1801 – Franz Moritz von Lacy, Austrian field marshal (b. 1725)
- 1801 – Philip Hamilton, Oldest son of Alexander Hamilton (b. 1782)
- 1807 – Joseph Brant, American tribal leader (b. 1742)
- 1848 – William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne, English politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1779)
- 1870 – Comte de Lautréamont, Uruguayan-French poet and author (b. 1846)
- 1885 – Nicolás Avellaneda, Argentinian journalist and politician, 8th President of Argentina (b. 1837)
- 1890 – August Belmont, German-American banker and politician, 16th United States Ambassador to the Netherlands (b. 1816)
- 1916 – Hiram Maxim, American-English engineer, invented the Maxim gun (b. 1840)
- 1920 – Lado Aleksi-Meskhishvili, Georgian actor and director (b. 1857)
- 1920 – Alexandru Macedonski, Romanian author and poet (b. 1854)
- 1922 – Erskine Childers, Irish soldier, journalist, and author (b. 1870)
- 1929 – Georges Clemenceau, French physician, publisher, and politician, 72nd Prime Minister of France (b. 1841)
- 1943 – Doris Miller, American soldier and chef, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1919)
- 1948 – Anna Jarvis, American founder of Mother's Day (b. 1864)
- 1956 – Guido Cantelli, Italian conductor (b. 1920)
- 1957 – Diego Rivera, Mexican painter and sculptor (b. 1886)
- 1958 – Robert Cecil, 1st Viscount Cecil of Chelwood, English lawyer and politician, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1864)
- 1959 – Dally Messenger, Australian rugby player, cricketer, and sailor (b. 1883)
- 1960 – Grand Duchess Olga Alexandrovna of Russia (b. 1882)
- 1961 – Ruth Chatterton, American actress (b. 1892)
- 1963 – Lee Harvey Oswald, American assassin of John F. Kennedy (b. 1939)
- 1965 – Abdullah III Al-Salim Al-Sabah, Kuwaiti ruler (b. 1895)
- 1968 – D. A. Levy, American poet and publisher (b. 1942)
- 1973 – John Neihardt, American author and poet (b. 1881)
- 1980 – Herbert Agar, American journalist and historian (b. 1897)
- 1980 – George Raft, American actor and dancer (b. 1901)
- 1980 – Henrietta Hill Swope, American astronomer and academic (b. 1902)
- 1982 – Barack Obama, Sr., Kenyan economist and academic, father of Barack Obama, 44th President of the United States (b. 1936)
- 1987 – Jehane Benoît, Canadian journalist and author (b. 1904)
- 1990 – Juan Manuel Bordeu, Argentinian race car driver (b. 1934)
- 1990 – Fred Shero, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (b. 1925)
- 1990 – Dodie Smith, English author and playwright (b. 1896)
- 1990 – Marion Post Wolcott, American photographer (b. 1910)
- 1990 – Bülent Arel, Turkish-American composer and educator (b. 1919)
- 1991 – Freddie Mercury, Tanzanian-English singer-songwriter, lead vocalist of Queen, and producer (b. 1946)
- 1991 – Eric Carr, American drummer of KISS (b. 1950)
- 1993 – Albert Collins, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1932)
- 1995 – Eduard Ole, Estonian-Swedish painter (b. 1898)
- 1996 – Sorley MacLean, Scottish soldier and poet (b. 1911)
- 1997 – Barbara, French singer-songwriter and actress (b. 1930)
- 2002 – John Rawls, American philosopher, author, and academic (b. 1921)
- 2003 – Warren Spahn, American baseball player and coach (b. 1921)
- 2004 – Arthur Hailey, English-Canadian journalist and author (b. 1920)
- 2004 – Joseph Hansen, American author and poet (b. 1923)
- 2004 – James Wong, Chinese actor and songwriter (b. 1940)
- 2005 – Pat Morita, American actor (b. 1932)
- 2006 – Juice Leskinen, Finnish singer-songwriter (b. 1950)
- 2006 – George W. S. Trow, American author, playwright, and critic (b. 1943)
- 2006 – Zdeněk Veselovský, Czech zoologist and ethologist (b. 1938)
- 2007 – Casey Calvert, American guitarist (b. 1981)
- 2008 – Kenny MacLean, Scottish-Canadian bass player and songwriter (b. 1956)
- 2008 – Cecil H. Underwood, American educator and politician, 25th Governor of West Virginia (b. 1922)
- 2009 – Abe Pollin, American businessman and philanthropist (b. 1923)
- 2009 – Samak Sundaravej, Thai politician, 25th Prime Minister of Thailand (b. 1935)
- 2009 – Jun Ross, Filipino basketball player (b. 1949)
- 2010 – Huang Hua, Chinese translator and politician, 5th Foreign Minister of the People's Republic of China (b. 1913)
- 2012 – Héctor Camacho, Puerto Rican-American boxer (b. 1962)
- 2012 – Antoine Kohn, Luxembourgian footballer and manager (b. 1933)
- 2012 – Jimmy Stewart, American baseball player and manager (b. 1939)
- 2012 – Nicholas Turro, American chemist and academic (b. 1938)
- 2012 – Ernie Warlick, American football player and sportscaster (b. 1932)
- 2013 – Matthew Bucksbaum, American businessman and philanthropist, co-founded General Growth Properties (b. 1926)
- 2013 – Arnaud Coyot, French cyclist (b. 1980)
- 2013 – Lou Hyndman, Canadian lawyer and politician (b. 1935)
- 2013 – June Keithley, Filipino actress and journalist (b. 1947)
- 2013 – Jean King, American politician, 6th Lieutenant Governor of Hawaii (b. 1925)
- 2013 – Robin Leigh-Pemberton, Baron Kingsdown, English banker and politician, Governor of the Bank of England (b. 1927)
- 2014 – Jorge Herrera Delgado, Mexican engineer and politician (b. 1961)
- 2014 – Murli Deora, Indian politician, Indian Minister of Corporate Affairs (b. 1937)
- 2014 – Peter Henderson, New Zealand rugby player (b. 1926)
- 2014 – Nenad Manojlović, Serbian water polo player and manager (b. 1957)
- 2014 – Viktor Tikhonov, Russian ice hockey player and coach (b. 1930)
- 2015 – Robert Ford, English general (b. 1923)
- 2015 – John Forrester, English historian and philosopher (b. 1949)
- 2015 – Quincy Monk, American football player (b. 1979)
- 2015 – Heinz Oberhummer, Austrian physicist, astronomer, and academic (b. 1941)
- 2015 – Douglas W. Shorenstein, American businessman (b. 1955)
- 2016 – Paul Futcher, footballer, Luton Town, Barnsley, Grimsby Town (b.1956)
- 2016 – Florence Henderson, American actress, singer and television personality (b. 1934)
Holidays and observances
External links Alex Morgan
Alexandra Patricia Morgan Carrasco (born July 2, 1989) is an American soccer player, Olympic gold medalist, and FIFA Women's World Cup champion. She is a forward for Orlando Pride in the National Women's Soccer League (NWSL) and the United States national team. Since 2018, she co-captains her national team alongside Carli Lloyd and Megan Rapinoe.Shortly after graduating early from the University of California, Berkeley, where she played for the California Golden Bears, Morgan was drafted number one overall in the 2011 WPS Draft by the Western New York Flash. There, she made her professional debut and helped the team win the league championship. Morgan, who was 22 at the time, was the youngest player on the national team at the 2011 FIFA Women's World Cup where the team won silver. At the 2012 London Olympics she scored the match-winning goal in the 123rd minute of the semi-final match against Canada. She finished 2012 with 28 goals and 21 assists, joining Mia Hamm as the only American women to score 20 goals and collect 20 assists in the same calendar year, and making her the sixth and youngest U.S. player to score 20 goals in a single year. She was subsequently named U.S. Soccer Female Athlete of the Year and was a FIFA World Player of the Year finalist.
In 2013, the inaugural season of the National Women's Soccer League, Morgan joined the Portland Thorns and helped the team win the league title that year. Morgan played for the Thorns through the 2015 season, after which she was traded to the Orlando Pride.
Off the field, Morgan teamed with Simon & Schuster to write a middle-grade book series about four soccer players: The Kicks. The first book in the series, Saving the Team, debuted at number seven on The New York Times Best Seller list in May 2013.
In 2015, Morgan was ranked by Time as the top-paid American women's soccer player largely due to her numerous endorsement deals. Morgan, along with Canada's Christine Sinclair and Australia's Steph Catley, became the first women's soccer players to appear on the cover of FIFA video games in 2015. She appeared alongside Lionel Messi on covers of FIFA 16 sold in the United States.
A film featuring Morgan in her acting debut, Alex & Me, was released in June 2018 where she plays a fictionalized version of herself. Breaking Bad
Breaking Bad is an American neo-western crime drama television series created and produced by Vince Gilligan. The show originally aired on AMC for five seasons, from January 20, 2008 to September 29, 2013. Set and filmed in Albuquerque, New Mexico, the series tells the story of Walter White (Bryan Cranston), a struggling and depressed high school chemistry teacher who is diagnosed with lung cancer. Together with his former student Jesse Pinkman (Aaron Paul), White turns to a life of crime by producing and selling crystallized methamphetamine to secure his family's financial future before he dies, while navigating the dangers of the criminal world. The title comes from the Southern colloquialism "breaking bad", meaning to "raise hell" or turn to a life of crime.Walter's family consists of his wife Skyler (Anna Gunn), son Walter, Jr. (RJ Mitte), and daughter Holly (Elanor Anne Wenrich). The show also features Skyler's sister Marie Schrader (Betsy Brandt) and her husband Hank (Dean Norris), a DEA agent. Walter hires lawyer Saul Goodman (Bob Odenkirk), who connects him with private investigator and fixer Mike Ehrmantraut (Jonathan Banks) and in turn Mike's employer, drug kingpin Gus Fring (Giancarlo Esposito). The final season introduces the characters Todd Alquist (Jesse Plemons) and Lydia Rodarte-Quayle (Laura Fraser).
Breaking Bad is widely regarded as one of the greatest television series of all time.
By the time the series finale aired, it was among the most-watched cable shows on American television. The show received numerous awards, including 16 Primetime Emmy Awards, eight Satellite Awards, two Golden Globe Awards, two Peabody Awards, two Critics' Choice Awards and four Television Critics Association Awards. For his leading performance, Cranston won the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actor in a Drama Series four times, while Aaron Paul won the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actor in a Drama Series three times; Anna Gunn won the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Drama Series twice. In 2013, Breaking Bad entered the Guinness World Records as the most critically acclaimed show of all time.
A spin-off prequel series, Better Call Saul, starring Bob Odenkirk and Jonathan Banks, debuted on February 8, 2015, on AMC. In November 2018, a film spin-off was announced to be in development. Courteney Cox
Courteney Bass Cox (born June 15, 1964) is an American actress, producer, and director. She is best known for her roles as Monica Geller on the NBC sitcom Friends, Gale Weathers in the horror series Scream, and Jules Cobb in the ABC/TBS sitcom Cougar Town, for which she earned her first Golden Globe nomination. Cox also starred in the FX series Dirt. She owns a production company, called Coquette Productions, which was created by Cox and her then-husband David Arquette. Cox also worked as a director on her sitcom Cougar Town and the television film Talhotblond. Demi Moore
Demi Gene Guynes (born November 11, 1962), professionally known as Demi Moore ( də-MEE), is an American actress, former songwriter, and model. Moore dropped out of high school at age 16 to pursue an acting career and appeared in the men's pornographic magazine Oui in 1981. After making her film debut later that year, she appeared on the soap opera General Hospital and subsequently gained recognition as a member of the Brat Pack with roles in Blame It on Rio (1984), St. Elmo's Fire (1985), and About Last Night... (1986).Her starring role in Ghost (1990), the highest-grossing film of that year, earned her a Golden Globe nomination. She continued to find box-office success in the early 1990s, with the films A Few Good Men (1992), Indecent Proposal (1993), and Disclosure (1994). In 1996, Moore became the highest-paid actress in film history when she received a then-unprecedented US$12.5 million to star in Striptease, a commercial success but a major critical disappointment. Her next major role, G.I. Jane (1997), for which she famously shaved her head, was followed by a lengthy break and downturn in Moore's career. Her later film roles include Charlie's Angels: Full Throttle (2003), Bobby (2006), Mr. Brooks (2007), and Margin Call (2011).
Besides acting, her personal life has been the subject of significant media coverage, particularly her marriages to actors Bruce Willis and Ashton Kutcher. Ed Asner
Yitzhak Edward Asner (; born November 15, 1929) is an American actor, voice actor and a former president of the Screen Actors Guild. He is primarily known for his role as Lou Grant during the 1970s and early 1980s, on both The Mary Tyler Moore Show and its spin-off series Lou Grant, making him one of the few television actors to portray the same leading character in both a comedy and a drama. He played John Wayne's adversary Bart Jason in the 1966 Western El Dorado. He is also known for portraying Santa Claus in the comedy film Elf (2003) and its animated remake Elf: Buddy's Musical Christmas (2014). He is the most honored male performer in the history of the Primetime Emmy Awards, having won seven.In 2009, he starred as the voice of Carl Fredricksen in Pixar's animated film Up, and made a guest appearance on CSI: NY in the episode "Yahrzeit". In early 2011, Asner returned to television as butcher Hank Greziak in Working Class, the first original sitcom on cable channel CMT. He starred in the Canadian television series Michael, Tuesdays and Thursdays, on CBC Television and has appeared in the 2013 television series The Glades. Asner guest-starred as Guy Redmayne, a homophobic billionaire who supports Alicia Florrick's campaign, in the sixth season of The Good Wife. Electronic rock
Electronic rock is a broad music genre that involves a combination of rock music and electronic music, featuring instruments typically found within both genres. It originates from the late 1960s, when rock bands such as the Doors, Pink Floyd, Yes, and the Moody Blues began incorporating the Moog synthesizer into their sound. Sampling and tape manipulation would also become common with the genre. Electronic rock acts usually fuse elements from other music styles, including punk rock, industrial rock, hip hop, techno, and synth-pop, which has helped spur subgenres such as indietronica, dance-punk, and electroclash. Since the late 2000s, electronic rock has become increasingly popular. Free Solo
Free Solo is a 2018 American documentary film directed by Elizabeth Chai Vasarhelyi and Jimmy Chin. The film profiles rock climber Alex Honnold on his quest to perform a free solo climb of El Capitan in June 2017. The film premiered at the Telluride Film Festival on August 31, 2018, and also screened at the 2018 Toronto International Film Festival, where it won the People's Choice Award in the Documentaries category. It was released in the United States on September 28, 2018, received positive reviews from critics and has grossed over $20 million. The film received numerous accolades, including winning Best Documentary Feature at the 91st Academy Awards. The film is available to stream on Hulu. Golden Globe Award for Best Original Score
The Golden Globe Award for Best Original Score is one of several categories presented by the Hollywood Foreign Press Association (HFPA), an organization of journalists who cover the United States film industry, but are affiliated with publications outside North America, since its institution in 1947. Since the 5th Golden Globe Awards (1947), the award is presented annually, except from 1953 to 1958. The nominations from 1947 and 1948 are not available. The first Golden Globe Award for Best Original Score went to Max Steiner for his compositional work on Life with Father.
John Williams is the artist with the most nominations (24); those resulted in 4 wins. Dimitri Tiomkin had the same number of wins, but out of only 5 nominations. Other notable achievers include Maurice Jarre (10 nominations, 4 wins) and Alan Menken (5 nominations, 3 wins). Artists like Jerry Goldsmith (9 nominations) and Michel Legrand (7 nominations) were nominated several times but never received the award. Dmitri Tiomkin, Alan Menken and Howard Shore are the only composers to win two consecutive awards. Additionally, Dimitri Tiomkin received Special Achievement Awards for his services to film music in 1955 and 1957, as did Hugo Friedhofer in 1958. The most recent recipient of this award was Justin Hurwitz for the film First Man.
Key Gordon Hayward
Gordon Daniel Hayward (born March 23, 1990) is an American professional basketball player for the Boston Celtics of the National Basketball Association (NBA). He played two seasons of college basketball for Butler University, and was selected as the ninth overall pick by the Utah Jazz in the 2010 NBA draft. He played seven seasons in Utah before signing with Boston in 2017. In college, Hayward led Butler to the championship game of the 2010 NCAA Tournament. In 2017, Hayward was selected an NBA All-Star for the first time. J. K. Simmons
Jonathan Kimble Simmons (born January 9, 1955) is an American actor and voice actor. In television, he is perhaps best known for playing Dr. Emil Skoda on the NBC series Law & Order, Vernon Schillinger on the HBO series Oz and Assistant Police Chief Will Pope on TNT's The Closer. From 2017 to 2018, he starred as Howard Silk in the Starz series Counterpart.
His film roles include J. Jonah Jameson in Sam Raimi's Spider-Man trilogy and music instructor Terence Fletcher in 2014's Whiplash. He is known for voicing Cave Johnson in the video game Portal 2 (2011), Tenzin in The Legend of Korra (2012–2014), Stanford Pines in Gravity Falls (2015–2016), Kai in Kung Fu Panda 3 (2016) and Mayor Lionheart in Zootopia (2016). He reprised his role as Jameson in various Marvel animated series and video games. He has also appeared in a series of commercials for Farmers Insurance and voices the Yellow M&M.
Simmons's performance in Whiplash received widespread critical acclaim and earned him more than thirty accolades, including the Academy Award, Golden Globe Award and BAFTA Award for Best Supporting Actor. Jack Ruby
Jack Leon Ruby (born Jacob Leon Rubenstein; April 25, 1911 – January 3, 1967) was a Dallas, Texas nightclub owner. He fatally shot Lee Harvey Oswald on November 24, 1963, while Oswald was in police custody after being charged with assassinating United States President John F. Kennedy and murdering Dallas policeman J. D. Tippit about an hour later. A Dallas jury found him guilty of murdering Oswald, and he was sentenced to death. Ruby's conviction was later appealed, and he was granted a new trial. However, on January 3, 1967, as the date for his new trial was being set, Ruby became ill in his prison cell and died of a pulmonary embolism from lung cancer.In September 1964, the Warren Commission concluded that Ruby acted alone in killing Oswald. Various groups believed Ruby was involved with major figures in organized crime and that he killed Oswald as part of an overall plot surrounding the assassination of Kennedy. Karlie Kloss
Karlie Elizabeth Kloss (born August 3, 1992) is an American model and entrepreneur. She was a Victoria's Secret Angel from 2011 until 2015, taking a two-year hiatus in 2015 and 2016 to study at New York University. List of tallest buildings in New York City
New York City, the most populous city in the United States, is home to over 6,486 completed high-rise buildings of at least 35 meters, of which at least 113 are taller than 600 feet (183 m). The tallest building in New York is One World Trade Center, which rises 1,776 feet (541 m). The 104-story skyscraper also stands as the tallest building in the United States, the tallest building in the Western Hemisphere, and the sixth-tallest building in the world. The second-tallest building in the city is 432 Park Avenue, standing at 1,396 feet (426 m), and the third-tallest is the recently-topped-out 30 Hudson Yards. Not counting its antenna, the 4th-tallest is the 102-story Empire State Building in Midtown Manhattan, which was finished in 1931 and rises to 1,250 feet (381 m), increased to 1,454 feet (443 m) by its antenna. It is the sixth-tallest building in the United States and the 43rd-tallest building in the world.
The Empire State Building stood as the tallest building in the world from its completion until 1972, when the 110-story North Tower of the original World Trade Center was completed. At 1,368 feet (417 m), The World Trade Center held the title until the completion of the 108-story Willis Tower (formerly known as the Sears Tower) in Chicago in 1974. The World Trade Center towers were destroyed by terrorist attacks in 2001, and the Empire State Building regained the title of tallest building in the city. It remained the tallest until April 2012, when the construction on One World Trade Center surpassed it. The fifth-tallest building in New York is the Bank of America Tower, which rises to 1,200 feet (366 m), including its spire. If the Twin Towers were still standing today, they would be the third- and fourth-tallest buildings in the city, or second and third assuming the new buildings would not have been built. Only 432 Park Avenue is taller.
New York City skyscrapers are concentrated in Midtown and Lower Manhattan, although other neighborhoods of Manhattan and the boroughs of Brooklyn, Queens, and the Bronx also have a few high-rises. As of May 2016, the entire city had 241 buildings that rise at least 500 feet (152 m) in height, including those under construction, more than any other city in the United States.Since 2003, New York City has seen the completion of 24 buildings that rise at least 600 feet (183 m) in height, including One World Trade Center. As of 2013, 20 more were under construction. One World Trade Center is part of the redevelopment of the World Trade Center, which also includes the 1,079-foot (329 m) 3 World Trade Center, the 975-foot (297 m) 4 World Trade Center, 7 World Trade Center and one under-construction building: the 1,350-foot (411 m) 2 World Trade Center.Overall, as of April 2016, there were 494 high-rise buildings under construction or proposed for construction in New York City. National Register of Historic Places listings in Iredell County, North Carolina
This list includes properties and districts listed on the National Register of Historic Places in Iredell County, North Carolina. Click the "Map of all coordinates" link to the right to view an online map of all properties and districts with latitude and longitude coordinates in the table below. Rob Zombie
Rob Zombie (born Robert Bartleh Cummings; January 12, 1965) is an American musician and filmmaker. He is a founding member of the heavy metal band White Zombie, releasing four studio albums with the band. He is the older brother of Spider One, lead vocalist for American rock band Powerman 5000.Zombie's first solo effort was a song titled "Hands of Death (Burn Baby Burn)" (1996) with Alice Cooper, which went on to receive a nomination for Best Metal Performance at the 39th Annual Grammy Awards. In 1997, he began working on his debut solo studio album, Hellbilly Deluxe, which was released in August 1998. A month later, Zombie officially disbanded White Zombie. Hellbilly Deluxe went on to sell over three million copies worldwide and spawned three singles. He released a remix album, American Made Music to Strip By, the following year that contained songs from Hellbilly Deluxe. Zombie directed the horror film House of 1000 Corpses in 2000, though the controversial project was not released until 2003. His second studio album, The Sinister Urge (2001), became his second platinum album in the United States. In 2003, Zombie released the compilation album Past, Present, & Future.
Zombie directed The Devil's Rejects (2005), a direct sequel to his prior film House of 1000 Corpses. The project received a more positive reception than its predecessor. His third studio album, Educated Horses (2006), was a departure from his earlier recordings. The album became his third to enter the top ten of the Billboard 200, though saw a decrease in sales when compared to his previous releases. Deciding to focus on his directing career, Zombie directed the horror film Halloween (2007), a remake of the 1978 horror classic of the same name. The film became Zombie's highest-grossing film to date, though was met with a generally negative critical reception. He later directed Halloween II (2009), which failed to match the success of its predecessor. He released the animated film The Haunted World of El Superbeasto that same year. Zombie returned to music with the release of his fourth studio album, Hellbilly Deluxe 2 (2010). The album peaked at number eight in the United States and sold over 200,000 copies in the country.
In 2012, Zombie released a second remix album and directed the horror film The Lords of Salem, which was released the following year. He released his fifth studio album Venomous Rat Regeneration Vendor the following year (2013). He directed the horror film 31 and has purchased the rights to a film about the NHL team Philadelphia Flyers, titled The Broad Street Bullies; no release date for the film has been announced. Since the beginning of his music career, Zombie's music and lyrics have featured notable horror and sci-fi themes. His live shows have been praised for their elaborate shock rock theatricality. Since beginning his solo career, Zombie has sold an estimated fifteen million albums worldwide. Sarah Hyland
Sarah Jane Hyland (born November 24, 1990) is an American actress. Born in Manhattan, Hyland attended the Professional Performing Arts School, followed by small roles in the films Private Parts (1997), Annie (1999), and Blind Date (2007). She is most popularly known for playing the character of Haley Dunphy on the ABC sitcom Modern Family.
Hyland gained her first major role as Haley Dunphy on the ABC sitcom Modern Family, for which she has received critical acclaim and numerous accolades and nominations, sharing four Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by an Ensemble in a Comedy Series with her cast members and garnering a Critics' Choice Television Award nomination Best Supporting Actress in a Comedy Series.
Hyland is also known for her roles in the films Geek Charming (2011), Struck by Lightning (2012), Scary Movie 5 (2013), Vampire Academy (2014), See You in Valhalla (2015), XOXO (2016) and Dirty Dancing (2017). Socrates
Socrates (; Ancient Greek: Σωκρᾰ́της, translit. Sōkrátēs, [sɔːkrátɛːs]; c. 470 – 399 BC) was a classical Greek (Athenian) philosopher credited as one of the founders of Western philosophy, and as being the first moral philosopher, of the Western ethical tradition of thought.
An enigmatic figure, he made no writings, and is known chiefly through the accounts of classical writers writing after his lifetime, particularly his students Plato and Xenophon. Other sources include the contemporaneous Antisthenes, Aristippus, and Aeschines of Sphettos. Aristophanes, a playwright, is the only source to have written during his lifetime.Plato's dialogues are among the most comprehensive accounts of Socrates to survive from antiquity, though it is unclear the degree to which Socrates himself is "hidden behind his 'best disciple'". Through his portrayal in Plato's dialogues, Socrates has become renowned for his contribution to the fields of ethics and epistemology. It is this Platonic Socrates who lends his name to the concepts of Socratic irony and the Socratic method, or elenchus.
Socrates exerted a strong influence on philosophers in later antiquity and in the modern era. Depictions of Socrates in art, literature and popular culture have made him one of the most widely known figures in the Western philosophical tradition. Super Smash Bros. Melee
Super Smash Bros. Melee is a crossover fighting video game developed by HAL Laboratory and published by Nintendo for the GameCube. It was first released in Japan on November 21, 2001, in North America on December 3, 2001, in Europe on May 24, 2002, and in Australia on May 31, 2002. The second installment in the Super Smash Bros. series, it features characters from Nintendo video game franchises such as Mario, The Legend of Zelda, Star Fox, and Pokémon. The stages and gameplay modes reference or take designs from these franchises as well.
Melee includes all playable characters from the first game, and also adds characters from franchises such as Fire Emblem, of which no games had been released outside Japan at the time. Melee's gameplay system offers an unorthodox approach to the fighting game genre, with a counter that measures damage with increasing percentages, representing the knockback the character will experience, rather than a depleting health bar seen in most fighting games. It builds on the first game by adding new gameplay features and playable characters. Following the popularity of its multiplayer gameplay, Melee has been featured in many competitive gaming tournaments, and is one of the most popular competitive fighting games.
Super Smash Bros. Melee received critical acclaim, as well as several awards and acknowledgements from various publications; it is now considered one of the greatest video games ever made. It achieved strong sales upon its release, becoming the GameCube's best-selling title with over seven million copies sold by 2008. Super Smash Bros. Melee was followed by Super Smash Bros. Brawl for the Wii in 2008. Victorious
Victorious (stylized as VICTORiOUS) is an American sitcom created by Dan Schneider that originally aired on Nickelodeon from March 27, 2010 to February 2, 2013. The series revolves around aspiring singer Tori Vega (portrayed by Victoria Justice), a teenager who attends a performing arts high school called Hollywood Arts High School, after taking her older sister Trina's (Daniella Monet) place in a showcase while getting into screwball situations on a daily basis. On her first day at Hollywood Arts, she meets Andre Harris (Leon Thomas III), Robbie Shapiro (Matt Bennett), Rex Powers (Robbie's puppet), Jade West (Elizabeth Gillies), Cat Valentine (Ariana Grande), and Beck Oliver (Avan Jogia). The series premiered after the 2010 Kids' Choice Awards. The series won for Favorite TV Show award at the 2012 Kids' Choice Awards and 2013 Kids' Choice Awards, beating out iCarly. Victorious earned four Emmy nominations.
On August 10, 2012, Victoria Justice stated that the series would not be renewed. Also, after the announcement of the series' spin-off Sam & Cat was made, fans of Victorious expressed dismay that its spin-off series was the reason for its ending, but Dan Schneider himself stated otherwise. Although the Victorious cast only filmed three seasons, when the decision to end the series was made, Nickelodeon split the third season in half, making a fourth season.
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