November 15 is the 319th day of the year (320th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 46 days remaining until the end of the year.
|November 15 in recent years
| 2018 (Thursday)
| 2017 (Wednesday)
| 2016 (Tuesday)
| 2015 (Sunday)
| 2014 (Saturday)
| 2013 (Friday)
| 2012 (Thursday)
| 2011 (Tuesday)
| 2010 (Monday)
| 2009 (Sunday)
- 565 – Justin II succeeds his uncle, Justinian I, as emperor of the Byzantine Empire.
- 655 – Battle of the Winwaed: Penda of Mercia is defeated by Oswiu of Northumbria.
- 1315 – Battle of Morgarten: The Schweizer Eidgenossenschaft ambushes the army of Leopold I.
- 1532 – Commanded by Francisco Pizarro, Spanish conquistadors under Hernando de Soto meet Inca Empire leader Atahualpa for the first time outside Cajamarca, arranging a meeting on the city plaza the following day.
- 1533 – Francisco Pizarro arrives in Cuzco, the capital of the Inca Empire.
- 1705 – Battle of Zsibó: Austrian-Danish victory over the Kurucs (Hungarians).
- 1760 – The secondly-built Castellania in Valletta is officially inaugurated with the blessing of the interior Chapel of Sorrows.
- 1777 – American Revolutionary War: After 16 months of debate the Continental Congress approves the Articles of Confederation.
- 1791 – The first U.S. Catholic college, Georgetown University, opens its doors.
- 1806 – Pike expedition: Lieutenant Zebulon Pike sees a distant mountain peak while near the Colorado foothills of the Rocky Mountains. (It is later named Pikes Peak.)
- 1864 – American Civil War: Union General William Tecumseh Sherman begins Sherman's March to the Sea.
- 1889 – Brazil is declared a republic by Marshal Deodoro da Fonseca as Emperor Pedro II is deposed in a military coup.
- 1914 – Harry Turner becomes the first player to die from game-related injuries in the "Ohio League", the direct predecessor to the National Football League.
- 1915 – Winston Churchill resigns from the Government, and soon commands the 6th Battalion of the Royal Scots Fusiliers on the Western Front.
- 1920 – First assembly of the League of Nations is held in Geneva, Switzerland.
- 1920 – The Free City of Danzig is established.
- 1922 – Over 1,000 are massacred during a general strike in Guayaquil, Ecuador.
- 1926 – The NBC radio network opens with 24 stations.
- 1928 – The RNLI lifeboat Mary Stanford capsized in Rye Harbour with the loss of the entire 17-man crew.
- 1933 – Thailand has its first election.
- 1939 – In Washington, D.C., US President Franklin D. Roosevelt lays the cornerstone of the Jefferson Memorial.
- 1942 – World War II: The Battle of Guadalcanal ends in a decisive Allied victory.
- 1943 – The Holocaust: German SS leader Heinrich Himmler orders that Gypsies are to be put "on the same level as Jews and placed in concentration camps"
- 1949 – Nathuram Godse and Narayan Apte are executed for assassinating Mahatma Gandhi.
- 1951 – Greek resistance leader Nikos Beloyannis, along with 11 resistance members, is sentenced to death by the court-martial.
- 1955 – The first part of Saint Petersburg Metro is opened.
- 1959 – The murders of the Clutter Family in Holcomb, Kansas were discovered, inspiring Truman Capote's non-fiction book In Cold Blood.
- 1966 – Project Gemini: Gemini 12 completes the program's final mission, when it splashes down safely in the Atlantic Ocean.
- 1966 – A Boeing 727 carrying Pan Am Flight 708 crashes near Berlin, Germany, killing all three people on board.
- 1967 – The only fatality of the North American X-15 program occurs during the 191st flight when Air Force test pilot Michael J. Adams loses control of his aircraft which is destroyed mid-air over the Mojave Desert.
- 1968 – The Cleveland Transit System becomes the first transit system in the western hemisphere to provide direct rapid transit service from a city's downtown to its major airport.
- 1969 – Cold War: The Soviet submarine K-19 collides with the American submarine USS Gato in the Barents Sea.
- 1969 – Vietnam War: In Washington, D.C., 250,000-500,000 protesters staged a peaceful demonstration against the war, including a symbolic "March Against Death".
- 1971 – Intel releases the world's first commercial single-chip microprocessor, the 4004.
- 1976 – René Lévesque and the Parti Québécois take power to become the first Quebec government of the 20th century clearly in favor of independence.
- 1978 – A chartered Douglas DC-8 crashes near Colombo, Sri Lanka, killing 183.
- 1979 – A package from Unabomber Ted Kaczynski begins smoking in the cargo hold of a flight from Chicago to Washington, D.C., forcing the plane to make an emergency landing.
- 1983 – Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus declared independence. Recognized only by Turkey.
- 1985 – A research assistant is injured when a package from the Unabomber addressed to a University of Michigan professor explodes.
- 1985 – The Anglo-Irish Agreement is signed at Hillsborough Castle by British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher and Irish Taoiseach Garret FitzGerald.
- 1987 – In Brașov, Romania, workers rebel against the communist regime of Nicolae Ceaușescu.
- 1988 – In the Soviet Union, the unmanned Shuttle Buran makes its only space flight.
- 1988 – Israeli–Palestinian conflict: An independent State of Palestine is proclaimed by the Palestinian National Council.
- 1988 – The first Fairtrade label, Max Havelaar, is launched in the Netherlands.
- 1990 – Space Shuttle program: Space Shuttle Atlantis launches with flight STS-38.
- 1990 – The Communist People's Republic of Bulgaria is disestablished and a new republican government is instituted.
- 2000 – A chartered Antonov An-24 crashes after takeoff from Luanda, Angola, killing more than 40 people.
- 2002 – Hu Jintao becomes General Secretary of the Communist Party of China and a new nine-member Politburo Standing Committee is inaugurated.
- 2003 – The first day of the 2003 Istanbul bombings, in which two car bombs, targeting two synagogues, explode, killing 25 people and wounding about 300.
- 2006 – Al Jazeera English launches worldwide.
- 2007 – Cyclone Sidr hits Bangladesh, killing an estimated 5,000 people and destroying parts of the world's largest mangrove forest, the Sundarbans.
- 2012 – Xi Jinping becomes General Secretary of the Communist Party of China and a new seven-member Politburo Standing Committee is inaugurated.
- 2016 – Hong Kong's High Court bans elected politicians Yau Wai-ching and Baggio Leung from the city's Parliament.
- 459 – B'utz Aj Sak Chiik, Mayan king (d. 501)
- 1316 – John I, king of France and Navarre (d. 1316)
- 1397 – Nicholas V, pope of the Catholic Church (d. 1455)
- 1498 – Eleanor of Austria, queen of Portugal and France (d. 1558)
- 1511 – Johannes Secundus, Dutch poet and author (d. 1536)
- 1556 – Jacques Davy Duperron, French cardinal (d. 1618)
- 1607 – Madeleine de Scudéry, French author (d. 1701)
- 1660 – Hermann von der Hardt, German historian and orientalist (d. 1746)
- 1661 – Christoph von Graffenried, Swiss-American settler and author (d. 1743)
- 1692 – Eusebius Amort, German poet and theologian (d. 1775)
- 1708 – William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham, English soldier and politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1778)
- 1738 – William Herschel, German-English astronomer and composer (d. 1822)
- 1741 – Johann Kaspar Lavater, Swiss poet and physiognomist (d. 1801)
- 1746 – Joseph Quesnel, French-Canadian poet, playwright, and composer (d. 1809)
- 1757 – Heinrich Christian Friedrich Schumacher, Danish surgeon, botanist, and academic (d. 1830)
- 1776 – José Joaquín Fernández de Lizardi, Mexican journalist and author (d. 1827)
- 1784 – Jérôme Bonaparte, French husband of Catharina of Württemberg (d. 1860)
- 1791 – Friedrich Ernst Scheller, German lawyer, jurist, and politician (d. 1869)
- 1793 – Michel Chasles, French mathematician and academic (d. 1880)
- 1849 – Mary E. Byrd, American astronomer and educator (d. 1934)
- 1852 – Tewfik Pasha, Egyptian ruler (d. 1892)
- 1859 – Christopher Hornsrud, Norwegian businessman and politician, 11th Prime Minister of Norway (d. 1960)
- 1862 – Gerhart Hauptmann, German novelist, poet, and playwright, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1946)
- 1865 – John Earle, Australian politician, 22nd Premier of Tasmania (d. 1932)
- 1867 – Emil Krebs, German polyglot (d. 1930)
- 1868 – Emil Racoviță, Romanian biologist, zoologist, and explorer (d. 1947)
- 1873 – Sara Josephine Baker, American physician and academic (d. 1945)
- 1874 – Dimitrios Golemis, Greek runner (d. 1941)
- 1874 – August Krogh, Danish zoologist and physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1949)
- 1879 – Lewis Stone, American actor (d. 1953)
- 1881 – Franklin Pierce Adams, American journalist and author (d. 1960)
- 1882 – Felix Frankfurter, Austrian-American lawyer and jurist (d. 1965)
- 1886 – René Guénon, French-Egyptian philosopher and author (d. 1951)
- 1887 – Marianne Moore, American poet, critic, and translator (d. 1972)
- 1887 – Georgia O'Keeffe, American painter and educator (d. 1986)
- 1888 – Artie Matthews, American pianist and composer (d. 1958)
- 1890 – Richmal Crompton, English author and educator (d. 1969)
- 1891 – W. Averell Harriman, American businessman and politician, 11th United States Secretary of Commerce (d. 1986)
- 1891 – Erwin Rommel, German field marshal (d. 1944)
- 1892 – Naomi Childers, American actress (d. 1964)
- 1895 – Grand Duchess Olga Nikolaevna of Russia (d. 1918)
- 1895 – Antoni Słonimski, Polish journalist, poet, and playwright (d. 1976)
- 1896 – Leonard Lord, English businessman (d. 1967)
- 1897 – Aneurin Bevan, Welsh journalist and politician, Secretary of State for Health (d. 1960)
- 1897 – Sacheverell Sitwell, English author and critic (d. 1988)
- 1899 – Avdy Andresson, Estonian-American soldier and diplomat, Estonian Minister of War (d. 1990)
- 1903 – Stewie Dempster, New Zealand cricketer and coach (d. 1974)
- 1905 – Mantovani, Italian conductor and composer (d. 1980)
- 1906 – Curtis LeMay, American general and politician (d. 1990)
- 1907 – Claus von Stauffenberg, German colonel (d. 1944)
- 1908 – Carlo Abarth, Italian engineer and businessman, founded Abarth (d. 1979)
- 1912 – Harald Keres, Estonian physicist and academic (d. 2010)
- 1912 – Yi Wu, Japanese-Korean colonel (d. 1945)
- 1913 – Jack Dyer, Australian footballer and coach (d. 2003)
- 1913 – Arthur Haulot, Belgian journalist and poet (d. 2005)
- 1914 – V. R. Krishna Iyer, Indian lawyer and judge (d. 2014)
- 1916 – Nita Barrow, Barbadian nurse and politician, 7th Governor-General of Barbados (d. 1995)
- 1916 – Bill Melendez, Mexican-American voice actor, animator, director, and producer (d. 2008)
- 1919 – Carol Bruce, American singer and actress (d. 2007)
- 1919 – Joseph Wapner, American lieutenant and judge (d. 2017)
- 1920 – Vasilis Diamantopoulos, Greek actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 1999)
- 1922 – Francis Brunn, German juggler (d. 2004)
- 1922 – David Sidney Feingold, American biochemist and academic
- 1922 – Francesco Rosi, Italian director and screenwriter (d. 2015)
- 1923 – Văn Cao, Vietnamese composer, poet, and painter (d. 1995)
- 1923 – Samuel Klein, Polish-Brazilian businessman and philanthropist, founded Casas Bahia (d. 2014)
- 1924 – Gianni Ferrio, Italian composer and conductor (d. 2013)
- 1925 – Howard Baker, American lawyer, politician, and diplomat, 12th White House Chief of Staff (d. 2014)
- 1926 – Thomas Williams, American author and academic (d. 1990)
- 1927 – Bill Rowling, New Zealand politician, 30th Prime Minister of New Zealand (d. 1995)
- 1928 – C. W. McCall, American singer-songwriter and politician
- 1928 – Seldon Powell, American saxophonist and flute player (d. 1997)
- 1929 – Ed Asner, American actor, singer, and producer
- 1929 – Joe Hinton, American singer (d. 1968)
- 1930 – J. G. Ballard, English novelist, short story writer, and essayist (d. 2009)
- 1930 – Olene Walker, American lawyer and politician, 15th Governor of Utah (d. 2015)
- 1931 – John Kerr, American actor, singer, and lawyer (d. 2013)
- 1931 – Mwai Kibaki, Kenyan economist and politician, 3rd President of Kenya
- 1931 – Pascal Lissouba, Congolese politician, President of the Republic of the Congo
- 1932 – Petula Clark, English singer-songwriter and actress
- 1932 – Clyde McPhatter, American singer (d. 1972)
- 1932 – Alvin Plantinga, American philosopher, author, and academic
- 1933 – Gloria Foster, American actress (d. 2001)
- 1933 – Theodore Roszak, American scholar and author (d. 2011)
- 1934 – Joanna Barnes, American actress and author
- 1934 – Peter Dickinson, English pianist and composer
- 1935 – Nera White, American basketball player (d. 2016)
- 1936 – H. B. Bailey, American race car driver (d. 2003)
- 1936 – Wolf Biermann, German singer-songwriter and guitarist
- 1936 – Tara Singh Hayer, Indian-Canadian journalist and publisher (d. 1998)
- 1937 – Little Willie John, American singer-songwriter (d. 1968)
- 1939 – Terry Bradbury, English footballer and manager
- 1939 – Rauni-Leena Luukanen-Kilde, Finnish physician and parapsychologist (d. 2015)
- 1939 – Yaphet Kotto, American actor and screenwriter
- 1940 – Roberto Cavalli, Italian fashion designer
- 1940 – Tony Mendez, American CIA technical operations officer
- 1940 – Ulf Pilgaard, Danish actor and screenwriter
- 1940 – Hank Wangford, English singer-songwriter, guitarist, and physician
- 1940 – Sam Waterston, American actor
- 1941 – Rick Kemp, English singer-songwriter, bass player, and producer
- 1941 – Daniel Pinkwater, American author and illustrator
- 1942 – Daniel Barenboim, Argentinian-Israeli pianist and conductor
- 1945 – Roger Donaldson, Australian director, producer, and screenwriter
- 1945 – Bob Gunton, American actor and singer
- 1945 – Anni-Frid Lyngstad, Norwegian-Swedish singer (ABBA)
- 1946 – Vassilis Goumas, Greek basketball player
- 1947 – Malcolm Ranjith, Sri Lankan cardinal
- 1947 – Bill Richardson, American politician and diplomat, 21st United States Ambassador to the United Nations
- 1947 – Ken Sutcliffe, Australian journalist and sportscaster
- 1948 – Teodoro Locsin, Jr., Filipino journalist, lawyer, and politician
- 1950 – Egon Vaupel, German lawyer and politician, 16th Mayor of Marburg
- 1951 – Beverly D'Angelo, American actress, singer, and producer
- 1952 – Rick Atkinson, American journalist, historian, and author
- 1952 – Randy Savage, American wrestler (d. 2011)
- 1953 – Alexander O'Neal, American R&B singer-songwriter and arranger
- 1953 – James Widdoes, American actor, director, and producer
- 1954 – Kevin S. Bright, American director and producer
- 1954 – Emma Dent Coad, British politician
- 1954 – Aleksander Kwaśniewski, Polish journalist and politician, 3rd President of Poland
- 1954 – Randy Thomas, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
- 1954 – Tony Thompson, American R&B, disco, and rock drummer (d. 2003)
- 1955 – Joe Leeway, English pop singer-songwriter and percussionist
- 1956 – Michael Hampton, American guitarist and producer
- 1957 – Gerry Connolly, Australian comedian and actor
- 1957 – Kevin Eubanks, American guitarist and composer
- 1957 – Harold Marcuse, American historian and educator
- 1957 – Michael Woythe, German footballer and manager
- 1958 – Lewis Fitz-Gerald, Australian actor and director
- 1958 – Gu Kailai, Chinese lawyer and businesswoman
- 1958 – Lesley Laird, British politician
- 1959 – Tibor Fischer, English author
- 1960 – Dawn Airey, English broadcaster
- 1961 – Hugh McGahan, New Zealand rugby league player
- 1962 – Mark Acres, American basketball player and educator
- 1962 – Judy Gold, American comedian, actress, and producer
- 1963 – Andrew Castle, English tennis player and television host
- 1963 – Benny Elias, Lebanese-Australian rugby league player and sportscaster
- 1963 – Kevin J. O'Connor, American actor
- 1964 – Stelios Aposporis, Greek footballer and manager
- 1964 – Mikhail Rusyayev, Russian footballer, coach, and manager (d. 2011)
- 1964 – Tiit Sokk, Estonian basketball player and coach
- 1965 – Nigel Bond, English snooker player
- 1965 – Stefan Pfeiffer, German swimmer
- 1966 – Rachel True, American actress
- 1967 – Greg Anthony, American basketball player and sportscaster
- 1967 – Cynthia Breazeal, American computer scientist, roboticist, and academic
- 1967 – Pedro Borbón, Jr., Dominican baseball player
- 1967 – E-40, American rapper and actor (The Click)
- 1967 – Wayne Harrison, English footballer (d. 2013)
- 1967 – François Ozon, French director, producer, and screenwriter
- 1967 – Gus Poyet, Uruguayan footballer and manager
- 1967 – Jon Preston, New Zealand rugby player
- 1968 – Ol' Dirty Bastard, American rapper and producer (d. 2004)
- 1968 – Fausto Brizzi, Italian director, producer, and screenwriter
- 1968 – Teodoro Casiño, Filipino journalist and politician
- 1968 – Jennifer Charles, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
- 1968 – Uwe Rösler, German footballer and manager
- 1970 – Ilija Aračić, Croatian footballer and coach
- 1970 – Jack Ingram, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
- 1970 – Alexander Kvitashvili, Georgian-Ukrainian academic and politician, 19th Ukrainian Minister of Healthcare
- 1970 – Patrick M'Boma, Cameroonian footballer
- 1971 – Jay Harrington, American actor
- 1971 – Martin Pieckenhagen, German footballer
- 1972 – Jonny Lee Miller, English-American actor
- 1973 – Sydney Tamiia Poitier, American actress
- 1973 – Alamgir Sheriyar, English cricketer
- 1974 – Chad Kroeger, Canadian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
- 1975 – Scott Henshall, English fashion designer
- 1975 – Yannick Tremblay, Canadian ice hockey player
- 1975 – Boris Živković, Croatian footballer
- 1976 – Brandon DiCamillo, American comedian, actor, and stuntman
- 1976 – Virginie Ledoyen, French actress
- 1976 – Sule, Indonesian comedian and actor
- 1977 – Sean Murray, American actor
- 1977 – Peter Phillips, English businessman
- 1977 – Robaire Smith, American football player
- 1978 – Floyd Womack, American football player
- 1979 – Brooks Bollinger, American football player and coach
- 1979 – Josemi, Spanish footballer
- 1979 – Brett Lancaster, Australian cyclist
- 1980 – Ace Young, American singer-songwriter and actor
- 1981 – Drew Hodgdon, American football player
- 1981 – Lorena Ochoa, Mexican golfer
- 1982 – D. J. Fitzpatrick, American football player
- 1982 – Rio Hirai, Japanese actress
- 1982 – Joe Kowalewski, American football player
- 1982 – Benjamin Krause, German rugby player
- 1982 – Giaan Rooney, Australian swimmer
- 1982 – Lofa Tatupu, American football player
- 1982 – Kalu Uche, Nigerian footballer
- 1983 – Dominic Carroll, Gibraltarian runner
- 1983 – Sasha Pavlović, Serbian basketball player
- 1983 – Fernando Verdasco, Spanish tennis player
- 1984 – Asia Kate Dillon, American actor and producer
- 1985 – Lily Aldridge, American model
- 1985 – Charron Fisher, American basketball player
- 1985 – Simon Spender, Welsh footballer
- 1986 – Coye Francies, American football player
- 1986 – Sania Mirza, Indian tennis player
- 1986 – Jerry Roush, American singer-songwriter
- 1987 – Isaiah Osbourne, English footballer
- 1988 – Morgan Parra, French rugby player
- 1988 – Billy Twelvetrees, English rugby player
- 1989 – Jonalyn Viray, Filipino singer
- 1991 – Maxime Colin, French footballer
- 1991 – Shailene Woodley, American actress
- 1992 – Sofia Goggia, Italian skier
- 1992 – Minami Minegishi, Japanese singer
- 1992 – Daniela Seguel, Chilean tennis player
- 1992 – Trevor Story, American baseball player
- 1992 – Kevin Wimmer, Austrian footballer
- 1993 – Paulo Dybala, Argentine footballer
- 1993 – Saaya Irie, Japanese actress and singer
- 1994 – Bryce Cartwright, Australian rugby league player
- 1995 – Karl-Anthony Towns, Dominican-American basketball player
- 165 BCE – Mattathias, Jewish resistance leader
- 621 – Malo, Breton bishop and saint
- 655 – Æthelhere, king of East Anglia
- 655 – Penda of Mercia, king of Mercia
- 1037 – Odo II, French nobleman (b. 983)
- 1136 – Leopold III, margrave of Austria (b. 1073)
- 1194 – Margaret I, countess of Flanders
- 1226 – Frederick of Isenberg, German nobleman (b. 1193)
- 1280 – Albertus Magnus, German bishop, theologian, and philosopher (b. 1193)
- 1347 – James I of Urgell, Spanish nobleman (b. 1321)
- 1351 – Joanna of Pfirt, duchess of Austria
- 1379 – Otto V, duke of Bavaria
- 1463 – Giovanni Antonio Del Balzo Orsini, Italian nobleman
- 1527 – Catherine of York, English princess (b. 1479)
- 1579 – Ferenc Dávid, Hungarian preacher, founder of the Unitarian Church of Transylvania (b. 1510)
- 1594 – Martin Frobisher, English seaman and explorer
- 1628 – Roque González de Santa Cruz, Paraguayan missionary and martyr (b. 1576)
- 1630 – Johannes Kepler, German astronomer and mathematician (b. 1571)
- 1670 – John Amos Comenius, Czech bishop, philosopher, and educator (b. 1592)
- 1691 – Aelbert Cuyp, Dutch painter (b. 1620)
- 1706 – Tsangyang, Tibetan dalai lama (b. 1683)
- 1712 – James Hamilton, 4th Duke of Hamilton, Scottish general and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Lancashire (b. 1658)
- 1712 – Charles Mohun, 4th Baron Mohun, English politician (b. 1675)
- 1787 – Christoph Willibald Gluck, German composer (b. 1714)
- 1794 – John Witherspoon, Scottish-American minister and academic (b. 1723)
- 1795 – Charles-Amédée-Philippe van Loo, French painter (b. 1719)
- 1832 – Jean-Baptiste Say, French economist and businessman (b. 1767)
- 1853 – Maria II, Portuguese queen and regent (b. 1819)
- 1892 – Thomas Neill Cream, Scottish-Canadian serial killer (b. 1850)
- 1897 – Alfred Kennerley, English-Australian politician, 10th Premier of Tasmania (b. 1810)
- 1908 – Cixi, China empress dowager and regent (b. 1835)
- 1910 – Wilhelm Raabe, German author (b. 1831)
- 1916 – Henryk Sienkiewicz, Polish journalist and author, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1846)
- 1917 – Émile Durkheim, French sociologist, psychologist, and philosopher (b. 1858)
- 1919 – Mikhail Dolivo-Dobrovolsky, Polish-Russian engineer, electrician, and inventor (b. 1862)
- 1919 – Mohammad Farid, Egyptian lawyer and politician (b. 1868)
- 1919 – Alfred Werner, French-Swiss chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1866)
- 1922 – Dimitrios Gounaris, Greek lawyer and politician, 94th Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1866)
- 1922 – Petros Protopapadakis, Greek mathematician and politician, 107th Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1854)
- 1922 – Nikolaos Stratos, Greek lawyer and politician, 106th Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1872)
- 1941 – Wal Handley, English motorcycle road racer (b. 1902)
- 1945 – Frank Chapman, American ornithologist and photographer (b. 1864)
- 1949 – Narayan Apte, Indian activist, assassin of Mahatma Gandhi (b. 1911)
- 1949 – Nathuram Godse, Indian assassin of Mahatma Gandhi (b. 1910)
- 1951 – Frank Weston Benson, American painter and educator (b. 1862)
- 1954 – Lionel Barrymore, American actor, singer, director, and screenwriter (b. 1878)
- 1958 – Tyrone Power, American actor, singer, and producer (b. 1914)
- 1959 – Charles Thomson Rees Wilson, Scottish physicist and meteorologist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1869)
- 1960 – Robert Raymond Cook, Canadian murderer (b. 1937)
- 1961 – Elsie Ferguson, American actress (b. 1883)
- 1961 – Johanna Westerdijk, Dutch pathologist and academic (b. 1883)
- 1963 – Fritz Reiner, Hungarian-American conductor (b. 1888)
- 1966 – Dimitrios Tofalos, Greek weightlifter and wrestler (b. 1877)
- 1966 – William Zorach, Lithuanian-American sculptor and painter (b. 1887)
- 1967 – Michael J. Adams, American soldier, pilot, and astronaut (b. 1930)
- 1970 – Konstantinos Tsaldaris, Egyptian-Greek politician (b. 1884)
- 1971 – Rudolf Abel, English-Russian colonel (b. 1903)
- 1976 – Jean Gabin, French actor, singer, and producer (b. 1904)
- 1978 – Margaret Mead, American anthropologist and author (b. 1901)
- 1980 – Bill Lee, American actor and singer (b. 1916)
- 1981 – Steve Macko, American baseball player and coach (b. 1954)
- 1981 – Enid Markey, American actress (b. 1894)
- 1981 – Khawar Rizvi, Pakistani poet and scholar (b. 1938)
- 1982 – Vinoba Bhave, Indian philosopher and Gandhian, Bharat Ratna Awardee (b. 1895)
- 1982 – Martín de Álzaga, Argentinian race car driver (b. 1901)
- 1983 – John Grimaldi, English keyboard player and songwriter (b. 1955)
- 1983 – Charlie Grimm, American baseball player and manager (b. 1898)
- 1983 – John Le Mesurier, English actor (b. 1912)
- 1985 – Méret Oppenheim, German-Swiss painter, photographer, and poet (b. 1913)
- 1988 – Billo Frómeta, Dominican conductor and composer (b. 1915)
- 1988 – Ieronymos I of Athens, Greek archbishop and theologian (b. 1905)
- 1994 – Elizabeth George Speare, American author (b. 1908)
- 1996 – Alger Hiss, American lawyer and diplomat (b. 1904)
- 1997 – Saul Chaplin, American director and composer (b. 1912)
- 1998 – Stokely Carmichael, Trinidadian-American activist (b. 1941)
- 1998 – Ludvík Daněk, Czech discus thrower (b. 1937)
- 2000 – Edoardo Agnelli, son of industrialist Gianni Agnelli, converted to Shia Islam (b. 1954)
- 2003 – Ray Lewis, Canadian runner (b. 1910)
- 2003 – Dorothy Loudon, American actress and singer (b. 1925)
- 2003 – Laurence Tisch, American businessman, co-founded the Loews Corporation (b. 1923)
- 2003 – Speedy West, American guitarist and producer (b. 1924)
- 2004 – Elmer L. Andersen, American businessman and politician, 30th Governor of Minnesota (b. 1909)
- 2004 – John Morgan, Welsh-Canadian actor and screenwriter (b. 1930)
- 2005 – Adrian Rogers, American pastor and author (b. 1931)
- 2005 – Arto Salminen, Finnish journalist and author (b. 1959)
- 2006 – David K. Wyatt, American historian and author (b. 1937)
- 2007 – Joe Nuxhall, American baseball player and sportscaster (b. 1928)
- 2008 – Grace Hartigan, American painter (b. 1922)
- 2009 – Serbian Patriarch Pavle II (b. 1914)
- 2010 – Larry Evans, American chess player and journalist (b. 1932)
- 2010 – Ed Kirkpatrick, American baseball player (b. 1944)
- 2010 – William Edwin Self, American actor, director, and producer (b. 1921)
- 2011 – Oba Chandler, American murderer (b. 1946)
- 2012 – Théophile Abega, Cameroonian footballer and politician (b. 1954)
- 2012 – Luís Carreira, Portuguese motorcycle racer (b. 1976)
- 2012 – Maleli Kunavore, Fijian rugby player (b. 1983)
- 2012 – K. C. Pant, Indian politician, 18th Indian Minister of Defence (b. 1931)
- 2012 – Frode Thingnæs, Norwegian trombonist, composer, and conductor (b. 1940)
- 2013 – Sheila Matthews Allen, American actress and producer (b. 1929)
- 2013 – Glafcos Clerides, Cypriot lawyer and politician, 4th President of Cyprus (b. 1919)
- 2013 – Mike McCormack, American football player and coach (b. 1930)
- 2014 – Jack Bridger Chalker, English painter and academic (b. 1918)
- 2014 – Lucien Clergue, French photographer and educator (b. 1934)
- 2014 – Valéry Mézague, Cameroonian footballer (b. 1983)
- 2014 – Reg Withers, Australian soldier and politician, Australian Minister for the Capital Territory (b. 1924)
- 2015 – Gisèle Prassinos, French author (b. 1920)
- 2015 – Herbert Scarf, American economist and academic (b. 1930)
- 2015 – Saeed Jaffrey, Indian-British actor (b. 1929)
- 2016 – Mose Allison, American pianist and songwriter (b. 1927)
- 2017 – Lil Peep, American singer and rapper (b. 1996)
Holidays and observances
- ^ Haas, Benjamin (15 November 2016). "Hong Kong court bans pro-independence politicians from office". The Guardian.
External links Alice in Wonderland (2010 film)
Alice in Wonderland is a 2010 American dark fantasy adventure film directed by Tim Burton from a screenplay written by Linda Woolverton. The film stars Johnny Depp, Anne Hathaway, Helena Bonham Carter, Crispin Glover, Matt Lucas, and Mia Wasikowska, and features the voices of Alan Rickman, Stephen Fry, Michael Sheen, and Timothy Spall. Loosely inspired by Lewis Carroll's fantasy novels, Alice's Adventures in Wonderland and Through the Looking-Glass, the film tells the story of a nineteen-year-old Alice Kingsleigh, who is told that she can restore the White Queen to her throne, with the help of the Mad Hatter. She is the only one who can slay the Jabberwock, a dragon-like creature that is controlled by the Red Queen and terrorizes Underland's inhabitants. In this situation, Alice fights with the Red Queen to protect the world.
The film was produced by Walt Disney Pictures and shot in the United Kingdom and the United States. The film premiered in London at the Odeon Leicester Square on February 25, 2010, and was released in Australia on March 4, 2010, and the following day in the United Kingdom and the United States through the Disney Digital 3D, RealD 3D, and IMAX 3D formats as well as in conventional theaters. It is also the second-highest-grossing film of 2010.
Alice in Wonderland received mixed reviews upon release; although praised for its visual style and special effects, the film was criticized for its lack of narrative coherence and overuse of computer-generated imagery (CGI). The film received three nominations at the 68th Golden Globe Awards, including Best Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy. At the 83rd Academy Awards, Alice in Wonderland won Best Art Direction and Best Costume Design, and was also nominated for Best Visual Effects. The film generated over $1 billion in ticket sales and became the fifth-highest-grossing film of all time during its theatrical run.The film started a trend of live-action fairy tale and fantasy films being green-lit, particularly from Walt Disney Studios.A sequel, titled Alice Through the Looking Glass, was released on May 27, 2016. Bea Arthur
Beatrice Arthur (born Bernice Frankel; May 13, 1922 – April 25, 2009) was an American actress, comedienne, singer and animal rights activist.
Arthur began her career on stage in 1947 and made her Broadway debut in The Threepenny Opera in 1954. She won the 1966 Tony Award for Best Featured Actress in a Musical for playing Vera Charles in Mame. She went on to play Maude Findlay on the 1970s sitcoms All in the Family (1971–72) and Maude (1972–78), and Dorothy Zbornak on the 1980s sitcom The Golden Girls (1985–92), winning Emmy Awards for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Comedy Series in 1977 and 1988. Her film appearances included Lovers and Other Strangers (1970) and Mame (1974). In 2002, she starred in the one-woman show Bea Arthur on Broadway: Just Between Friends. Ben Foster
Benjamin A. Foster (born October 29, 1980) is an American actor. He has had roles in films including The Punisher (2004), X-Men: The Last Stand (2006), Alpha Dog (2006), The Messenger (2009), Pandorum (2009), The Mechanic (2011), Contraband (2012), Kill Your Darlings (2013), Lone Survivor (2013), The Program (2015), and Leave No Trace (2018). He was nominated for a Saturn Award and a Satellite Award for his role in 3:10 to Yuma (2007) and won an Independent Spirit Award for portraying Tanner Howard in Hell or High Water (2016). Biography (TV program)
Biography is a U.S. documentary television series and media franchise created in the 1960s by David Wolper and owned by A&E Networks since 1987. Each episode depicts the life of a notable person with narration, on-camera interviews, photographs, and stock footage. The show originally ran in syndication in 1962–1964, on CBS in 1979, on A&E from 1987–2006, and on The Biography Channel (later Bio, now FYI) from 1996–2012. After a five-year hiatus, the franchise was relaunched in 2017. Over the years, the Biography media franchise has expanded domestically and internationally, spinning off several cable television channels, a website, a children's program, a line of books and records, and a series of made-for-TV movies, specials, and mini-series, among other media properties. Biography has won a Peabody Award (1962) and three Emmy Awards (1997, 1999, 2002). Chad Kroeger
Chad Robert Kroeger () (born November 15, 1974) is a Canadian musician and producer, best known as the lead vocalist and guitarist for the Canadian rock band Nickelback. In addition to his work with Nickelback, Kroeger has been involved with a variety of collaborations, appearing as a guest musician in several songs and has contributed in both production and songwriting. He has co-written several songs for other artists and films. Jussie Smollett
Justin "Jussie" Smollett ( JUSS-ee, born June 21, 1982) is an American actor and singer. He began his career as a child actor in 1987 acting in films including The Mighty Ducks (1992) and Rob Reiner's North (1994). In 2015, Smollett attracted attention and received a highly positive critical reception for his portrayal of musician Jamal Lyon in the Fox drama series Empire (2015). Smollett has also appeared in Ridley Scott's science fiction film Alien: Covenant (2017) as Ricks and in Marshall (2017) as Langston Hughes.
Smollett was indicted on February 20, 2019, for disorderly conduct after allegedly paying two American-Nigerian brothers to stage a fake hate crime assault on him and filing a false police report. Police alleged that he perpetuated the hoax because he was dissatisfied with his pay on Empire. Smollett tied the incident to racism, homophobia, and President Donald Trump. Smollett was indicted on 16 disorderly conduct felony counts by a grand jury on March 8, 2019. Justice League (film)
Justice League is a 2017 American superhero film based on the DC Comics superhero team of the same name, distributed by Warner Bros. Pictures. It is the follow-up to 2016's Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice and the fifth installment in the DC Extended Universe (DCEU). The film is directed by Zack Snyder, written by Chris Terrio and Joss Whedon, and features an ensemble cast that includes Ben Affleck, Henry Cavill, Gal Gadot, Ezra Miller, Jason Momoa, Ray Fisher, Amy Adams, Jeremy Irons, Diane Lane, Connie Nielsen, and J. K. Simmons. In the film, Batman and Wonder Woman recruit The Flash, Aquaman, and Cyborg after Superman's death to save the world from the catastrophic threat of Steppenwolf and his army of Parademons.
The film was announced in October 2014, with Snyder on board to direct and Terrio attached to write the script. Initially titled Justice League Part One, with a second part to follow in 2019, the second film was indefinitely delayed to accommodate a standalone Batman film with Affleck. Principal photography commenced in April 2016 and ended in October 2016. After Snyder stepped down to deal with the death of his daughter, Joss Whedon was hired to oversee the remainder of post-production, including directing additional scenes written by himself; Snyder retained sole directorial credit, while Whedon received a screenwriting credit. Justice League premiered in Beijing on October 26, 2017, and was released in the United States in 2D, Real D 3D, and IMAX on November 17, 2017.
With an estimated production budget of $300 million, Justice League is one of the most expensive films ever made. The film grossed $657 million worldwide against a break-even point of $750 million, becoming a box office bomb and losing the studio around $60 million, while also making it the lowest overall gross of the DCEU. The film received mixed reviews from critics; although the action sequences and performances (particularly Gadot and Miller) were praised, the plot, writing, pacing, villain, and overuse of CGI were criticized. The film's tone was met with a polarized reception, with some appreciating the lighter tone compared to the previous DCEU films, and others finding it inconsistent. Kevin Spacey
Kevin Spacey Fowler (born July 26, 1959) is an American actor, producer and singer. He began his career as a stage actor during the 1980s before obtaining supporting roles in film and television. He gained critical acclaim in the 1990s that culminated in his first Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for the neo-noir crime thriller The Usual Suspects (1995) and an Academy Award for Best Actor for the midlife crisis-themed drama American Beauty (1999).
His other starring roles have included the comedy-drama film Swimming with Sharks (1994), the psychological thriller Seven (1995), the neo-noir crime film L.A. Confidential (1997), the drama Pay It Forward (2000), the science fiction-mystery film K-PAX (2001), the musical biopic Beyond the Sea (2004), the superhero film Superman Returns (2006), and the action film Baby Driver (2017).
In Broadway theatre, Spacey won a Tony Award in 1991 for his role in Lost in Yonkers. In 2017, he hosted the 71st Tony Awards. He was the artistic director of the Old Vic theatre in London from 2004 until stepping down in mid-2015. From 2013 to 2017, Spacey played Frank Underwood in the Netflix political drama series House of Cards. The role won him a Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Television Series Drama and two consecutive Screen Actors Guild Awards for Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Drama Series.
In October 2017, Spacey was accused by actor Anthony Rapp of making a sexual advance toward him when Rapp was 14. Shortly after, numerous other men alleged that Spacey had sexually harassed or assaulted them. As a result, Netflix cut ties with him, shelved his film Gore and removed him from the last season of House of Cards. His scenes in Ridley Scott's film All the Money in the World (2017) were reshot with actor Christopher Plummer replacing his role. The next year, Spacey appeared in Billionaire Boys Club with his role unchanged.
In December 2018, he was charged with indecent assault and battery in relation to journalist Heather Unruh's accusation that he sexually assaulted her 18-year-old son. Mike Krzyzewski
Michael William Krzyzewski ( shih-ZHEF-skee; nicknamed "Coach K"; born February 13, 1947) is an American college basketball coach and former player. Since 1980, he has served as the head men's basketball coach at Duke University, where he has led the Blue Devils to five NCAA Championships, 12 Final Fours, 12 ACC regular season titles, and 15 ACC Tournament championships. Among men's college basketball coaches, only UCLA's John Wooden has won more NCAA Championships with a total of 10. Krzyzewski has the most wins of any coach in college basketball history.
Krzyzewski has also coached the United States men's national basketball team, which he has led to three gold medals at the 2008 Summer Olympics, 2012 Summer Olympics, and 2016 Summer Olympics. He served as the head coach of the American team that won gold medals at the 2010 and the 2014 FIBA World Cup. He was also an assistant coach for the 1992 "Dream Team".
Krzyzewski was a point guard at Army from 1966 to 1969 under coach Bob Knight. From 1975 to 1980, he was the head basketball coach for his alma mater. He is a two-time inductee into the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame, in 2001 for his individual coaching career and in 2010 as part of the collective induction of the "Dream Team". He was inducted into the College Basketball Hall of Fame in 2006, and the United States Olympic Hall of Fame in 2009 (with the "Dream Team").On November 15, 2011, Krzyzewski led Duke to a 74–69 victory over Michigan State at Madison Square Garden to become the coach with the most wins in NCAA Division I men's basketball history. Krzyzewski's 903rd victory set a new record, breaking that held by his former coach, Bob Knight. On January 25, 2015, Duke defeated St. John's, 77–68, again at Madison Square Garden, as Krzyzewski became the first Division I men's basketball coach to reach 1,000 wins. Mob Psycho 100
Mob Psycho 100 (Japanese: モブサイコ100, Hepburn: Mobu Saiko Hyaku) is a Japanese webcomic created by ONE, which began publication on Ura Sunday on April 18, 2012, and concluded on December 22, 2017. A Chinese translation started publication in Taiwan on April 16, 2014. It has been available online on Shogakukan's mobile app MangaONE since December 2014. Dark Horse Comics has licensed the series for English publication.
An anime television series adaptation produced by Bones aired between July and September 2016. The English dub of the series was released by Funimation in December 2016. A live-action series adaptation premiered on January 18, 2018. A second season of the anime series began airing on January 7, 2019.
A spin-off manga series titled REIGEN was serialized in the MangaONE mobile app from March 19, 2018 to February 19, 2019. National Register of Historic Places listings in Oswego County, New York
List of the National Register of Historic Places listings in Oswego County, New York
This is intended to be a complete list of properties and districts listed on the National Register of Historic Places in Oswego County, New York. The locations of National Register properties and districts (at least for all showing latitude and longitude coordinates below) may be seen in a map by clicking on "Map of all coordinates". Two properties, the Nash (tugboat) and the New York Barge Canal, are further designated a National Historic Landmark of the United States.
This National Park Service list is complete through NPS recent listings posted March 7, 2019. Parks and Recreation
Parks and Recreation is an American political satire television sitcom created by Greg Daniels and Michael Schur. The series aired on NBC from April 9, 2009 to February 24, 2015, for 125 episodes, over seven seasons. The series stars Amy Poehler as Leslie Knope, a perky, mid-level bureaucrat in the Parks Department of Pawnee, a fictional town in Indiana. The ensemble and supporting cast features Rashida Jones as Ann Perkins, Paul Schneider as Mark Brendanawicz, Aziz Ansari as Tom Haverford, Nick Offerman as Ron Swanson, Aubrey Plaza as April Ludgate, Chris Pratt as Andy Dwyer, Adam Scott as Ben Wyatt, Rob Lowe as Chris Traeger, Jim O'Heir as Jerry Gergich, Retta as Donna Meagle, and Billy Eichner as Craig Middlebrooks.
The writers researched local California politics for the series, and consulted with urban planners and elected officials. Poehler's character, Leslie Knope, underwent major changes after the first season, in response to audience feedback that she seemed unintelligent and "ditzy". The writing staff incorporated current events into the episodes, such as a government shutdown in Pawnee inspired by the real-life global financial crisis of 2007–2008. Several guest stars, such as Jason Mantzoukas, Kathryn Hahn, Sam Elliott, Bill Murray, Megan Mullally, Louis C.K., Paul Rudd, Henry Winkler, Christie Brinkley, and Jon Hamm, have been featured in the series, and their characters often appear in multiple episodes. In addition, real-life politicians have cameos in later episodes such as former U.S. Secretary of State Madeleine Albright, US Senators Olympia Snowe, Barbara Boxer, Cory Booker, Orrin Hatch, and John McCain, then-Vice President Joe Biden, and then-First Lady Michelle Obama.
Parks and Recreation was part of NBC's "Comedy Night Done Right" programming during its Thursday night prime-time block. The series received mixed reviews during its first season, but, after a re-approach to its tone and format, the second and subsequent seasons were widely acclaimed. Throughout its run, Parks and Recreation received several awards and nominations, fourteen Primetime Emmy Award nominations, including two for Outstanding Comedy Series, a Golden Globe Award win for Poehler's performance, and a nomination for the Golden Globe Award for Best Television Series – Musical or Comedy. In TIME's 2012 year-end lists issue, Parks and Recreation was named the number one television series of that year. In 2013, after receiving four consecutive nominations in the category, Parks and Recreation won the Television Critics Association Award for Outstanding Achievement in Comedy. Podcast
A podcast or generically netcast, is an episodic series of digital audio or video files which a user can download in order to listen to. It is often available for subscription, so that new episodes are automatically downloaded via web syndication to the user's own local computer, mobile application, or portable media player.The word was originally suggested by Ben Hammersley as a portmanteau of "iPod" (a brand of media player) and "broadcast".The files distributed are in audio format, but may sometimes include other file formats such as PDF or EPUB. Videos which are shared following a podcast model are sometimes called video podcasts or vodcasts.
The generator of a podcast maintains a central list of the files on a server as a web feed that can be accessed through the Internet. The listener or viewer uses special client application software on a computer or media player, known as a podcatcher, which accesses this web feed, checks it for updates, and downloads any new files in the series. This process can be automated to download new files automatically, which may seem to users as though new episodes are broadcast or "pushed" to them. Files are stored locally on the user's device, ready for offline use. There are many different mobile applications available for people to use to subscribe and to listen to podcasts. Many of these applications allow users to download podcasts or to stream them on demand as an alternative to downloading. Many podcast players (apps as well as dedicated devices) allow listeners to skip around the podcast and control the playback speed.
Some have labeled podcasting as a converged medium bringing together audio, the web, and portable media players, as well as a disruptive technology that has caused some individuals in the radio business to reconsider established practices and preconceptions about audiences, consumption, production, and distribution.
Podcasts are usually free of charge to listeners and can often be created for little to no cost, which sets them apart from the traditional model of "gate-kept" media and production tools. Podcast creators can monetize their podcasts by allowing companies to purchase ad time, as well as via sites such as Patreon, which provides special extras and content to listeners for a fee. Podcasting is very much a horizontal media form – producers are consumers, consumers may become producers, and both can engage in conversations with each other. Presidency of Barack Obama
The presidency of Barack Obama began at noon EST on January 20, 2009, when Barack Obama was inaugurated as the 44th President of the United States, and ended on January 20, 2017. Obama, a Democrat, took office following a decisive victory over Republican John McCain in the 2008 presidential election. Four years later, in the 2012 election, he defeated Republican Mitt Romney to win re-election. He was the first African American president, the first multiracial president, the first non-white president, and the first president to have been born in Hawaii. Obama was succeeded by Republican Donald Trump, who won the 2016 presidential election.
Obama's first-term actions addressed the global financial crisis and included a major stimulus package, a partial extension of the Bush tax cuts, legislation to reform health care, a major financial regulation reform bill, and the end of a major US military presence in Iraq. Obama also appointed Supreme Court Justices Elena Kagan and Sonia Sotomayor, the latter of whom became the first Hispanic American on the Supreme Court. Democrats controlled both houses of Congress until Republicans won a majority in the House of Representatives in the 2010 elections. Following the elections, Obama and Congressional Republicans engaged in a protracted stand-off over government spending levels and the debt ceiling. The Obama administration's policy against terrorism downplayed Bush's counterinsurgency model, expanding air strikes and making extensive use of special forces and encouraging greater reliance on host-government militaries. The Obama administration orchestrated the military operation that resulted in the death of Osama bin Laden in 2011.
In his second term, Obama took steps to combat climate change, signing a major international climate agreement and an executive order to limit carbon emissions. Obama also presided over the implementation of the Affordable Care Act and other legislation passed in his first term, and he negotiated rapprochements with Iran and Cuba. The number of American soldiers in Afghanistan fell dramatically during Obama's second term, though U.S. soldiers remained in Afghanistan throughout Obama's presidency and continue to as of 2018. Republicans took control of the Senate after the 2014 elections, and Obama continued to grapple with Congressional Republicans over government spending, immigration, judicial nominations, and other issues. Ruby Bridges
Ruby Nell Bridges Hall (born September 8, 1954) is an American civil rights activist. She was the first African-American child to desegregate the all-white William Frantz Elementary School in Louisiana during the New Orleans school desegregation crisis in 1960. She is the subject of a 1964 painting, The Problem We All Live With, by Norman Rockwell. Solar eclipse of November 15, 2077
An annular solar eclipse will occur on Monday, November 15, 2077. A solar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes between Earth and the Sun, thereby totally or partially obscuring the image of the Sun for a viewer on Earth. An annular solar eclipse occurs when the Moon's apparent diameter is smaller than the Sun's, blocking most of the Sun's light and causing the Sun to look like an annulus (ring). An annular eclipse appears as a partial eclipse over a region of the Earth thousands of kilometres wide. The path of annularity will cross North America and South America. This will be the 47th solar eclipse of Saros cycle 134. Solar eclipse of November 15, 2096
An annular solar eclipse will occur on November 15, 2096. A solar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes between Earth and the Sun, thereby totally or partly obscuring the image of the Sun for a viewer on Earth. An annular solar eclipse occurs when the Moon's apparent diameter is smaller than the Sun's, blocking most of the Sun's light and causing the Sun to look like an annulus (ring). An annular eclipse appears as a partial eclipse over a region of the Earth thousands of kilometres wide. Space Jam
Space Jam is a 1996 American live-action/animated family sports comedy film directed by Joe Pytka. Starring basketball player Michael Jordan, the film depicts an alternate history of what happened between Jordan's initial retirement from the NBA in 1993 and his comeback in 1995, in which he is enlisted by Looney Tunes characters Bugs Bunny and his friends to help them win a basketball match against a group of aliens who want to enslave them for their amusement park. The film also marks the first appearance of Bugs' love interest, Lola Bunny.
Released theatrically by Warner Bros. Family Entertainment on November 15, 1996, Space Jam opened at No. 1 in the North American box office and grossed over $230 million worldwide, becoming the highest-grossing basketball film of all-time. Despite this, the film received mixed reviews from critics for the film's merits of combining Jordan and his profession with the Looney Tunes characters.
A sequel, starring LeBron James, is scheduled for release on July 16, 2021.
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