Notion (ancient city)

Notion or Notium (Ancient Greek Νότιον, 'southern') was a Greek city-state on the west coast of Anatolia; it is about 50 kilometers (31 mi) south of Izmir in modern Turkey, on the Gulf of Kuşadası. Notion was located on a hill from which the sea was visible; it served as a port for nearby Colophon and Claros, and pilgrims frequently passed through on their way to the oracle of Apollo at Claros. There are still remains of the defense walls, necropolis, temple, agora, and theater. The ruins of the city are now found east of the modern town Ahmetbeyli in the Menderes district of Izmir Province, Turkey.

The earliest reference to Notion is in Herodotus, who includes it among the cities of Aeolis (of which it is the southernmost): "Kyme, which is called Phriconis, Larisai, Neon-teichos, Temnos, Killa, Notion, Aigiroëssa, Pitane, Aigaiai, Myrina, Grynei" (I:149). Its proximity to the Ionian city of Colophon needs explanation; we may "suppose either that the Ionian settlers negotiated their rights of passage up to their inland site or more probably that they reached it originally up one of the other river valleys."[1] Robin Lane Fox, discussing the early rivalry between the cities, writes:

Relations between Colophon and nearby Notion were never easy and their bitter rivalry may help to explain the story of a quarrel between the two prophets at Claros. The Aeolian Greeks at Notion had a special relationship with Aeolian Mopsus, but the Ionian Greeks at Colophon had a special relationship with Calchas. It was, then, particularly appealing for the Aeolian controllers of Claros to claim that Mopsus had outwitted Calchas and caused his death on the site.[2]

H. W. Parke suggests that in the seventh century BC "Claros was in the control of Notion, which must have remained a small Aeolian town dominated by its more powerful inland neighbour [Colophon], but also protected by it against the threat of Lydia. Notion itself was not big enough to send out colonies on its own."[3] Persia conquered Colophon and Notion in the mid-sixth century BC, but they were liberated in the Greco–Persian Wars and joined the Delian League separately (Colophon paying three talents a year, the smaller Notion only a third of a talent).[4]

During the first years of the Peloponnesian War, Notion was split into factions, one of which called in mercenaries under Persian command; the Athenian admiral Paches ruthlessly restored the pro-Athenian faction to power, "and settlers were afterwards sent out from Athens, and the place colonized according to Athenian laws" (Thucydides III:34). Thereafter it served as an Athenian base. In 406 BC it was the site of the Spartan victory at the Battle of Notium. By the late fourth century BC it was joined in a sympoliteia (federal league) with Colophon[5] and "by the Roman period the name of Notion dropped out of use completely."[6]

Notion
Νότιον ‹See Tfd›(in Greek)
Notion (ancient city) is located in Turkey
Notion (ancient city)
Shown within Turkey
Alternative nameNotium
LocationAhmetbeyli, Izmir Province, Turkey
RegionIonia
Coordinates37°59′34″N 27°11′51″E / 37.99278°N 27.19750°ECoordinates: 37°59′34″N 27°11′51″E / 37.99278°N 27.19750°E
TypeSettlement
History
EventsBattle of Notium

References

  1. ^ Herbert William Parke, The Oracles of Apollo in Asia Minor (Taylor & Francis, 1985: ISBN 0-7099-4012-2), p. 119.
  2. ^ Robin Lane Fox, Travelling Heroes: Greeks and Their Myths in the Epic Age of Homer (London: Allen Lane, 2008, ISBN 978-0-7139-9980-8), p. 222.
  3. ^ Parke, The Oracles of Apollo in Asia Minor, pp. 120-21.
  4. ^ Parke, The Oracles of Apollo in Asia Minor, p. 122.
  5. ^ Getzel M. Cohen, The Hellenistic Settlements in Europe, the Islands, and Asia Minor (University of California Press, 1996: ISBN 0-520-08329-6), p. 184.
  6. ^ Parke, The Oracles of Apollo in Asia Minor, p. 126.
List of archaeological sites by country

This is a list of notable archaeological sites sorted by country and territories.

For one sorted by continent and time period, see the list of archaeological sites by continent and age.

Notion

Notion may refer to:

Notion (ancient city), a Greek city-state on the west coast of Anatolia

Notion (philosophy), a reflection in the mind of real objects and phenomena in their essential features and relations

Notions (sewing), small articles used in sewing and haberdashery

Notion (magazine), a UK music and fashion quarterly

Notion, ancient name of Mizen Head in Ireland

Notion App, note-taking application that also integrate tasks, wikis, and databases.

Notion (software), music composition and performance computer program

Notion, an Ion fork

Notion (EP), by Tash Sultana, 2016

"Notion" (Kings of Leon song), 2008

"Notion" (Tash Sultana song), 2016

Notions (Winchester College), the Winchester slang

Aegean
Black Sea
Central Anatolia
Eastern Anatolia
Marmara
Mediterranean
Southeastern
Anatolia

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