Northwestern United States

The Northwestern United States is an informal geographic region of the United States. The region consistently includes the states of Oregon, Washington and Idaho—and usually Montana and Wyoming. Some sources include Southeast Alaska in the Northwest. The related but distinct term "Pacific Northwest" generally excludes areas from the Rockies eastward.

The Northwestern United States is a subportion of the Western United States (which is, itself, even more ambiguous). In contrast, states included in the neighboring regions (Southwestern United States and Great Plains) and Utah are not simultaneously considered part of both regions.

Like the southwestern United States, the Northwest definition has moved westward over time. The current area includes the old Oregon Territory (created in 1848–Oregon, Washington, Idaho, and areas in Montana west of the Continental Divide).[1] The region is similar to Federal Region X, which comprises Oregon, Washington, Idaho, and Alaska.

It is home to over 14.2 million people. Some of the fastest growing cities in this region and in the nation include Seattle, Spokane, Bellevue, Tacoma, Vancouver, Kennewick, Pasco, Yakima, Portland, Eugene, Salem, Boise, Missoula, and Billings.

US map-Northwest
The two dark red states are almost always included, and the three striped states are usually considered part of the Northwestern United States as well.

Etymology

As the United States' westward expansion, the country's western border also shifted westward, and consequently, so did the location of the Northwestern and Southwestern United States. In the early years of the United States, newly colonized lands lying immediately west of the Allegheny Mountains were detached from Virginia and given the name Northwest Territory. During the decades that followed, the Northwest Territory covered much of the Great Lakes region east of the Mississippi River.

Centers of population

Seattleskyline1cropped
Seattle, the largest metropolitan area in the Northwest
Portland Night panorama
Portland, the second largest metropolitan area in the Northwest
Boise, idaho
Boise, the third largest metropolitan area in the Northwest

As of 2016, the Northwestern states have a cumulative population of 14,297,316, with Oregon and Washington accounting for 77% of the entire five-state region's population. As of 2016, there are 25 metropolitan statistical areas in the Northwest with populations of 100,000 or more, none of which are in Wyoming. Since adjacent metropolitan areas often function as one combined agglomeration, the U.S. Census Bureau additionally defines nine combined statistical areas across the Northwest, eight of which having populations of 100,000 or more.

Rank Combined or Metropolitan

Statistical Area

State(s) Population

(2016)

1 SeattleTacoma Washington 4,684,516
2 PortlandVancouverSalem Oregon
Washington
3,160,488
3 BoiseMountain HomeOntario Idaho
Oregon
770,906
4 SpokaneSpokane ValleyCoeur d'Alene Washington
Idaho
710,945
5 Eugene Oregon 369,519
6 MedfordGrants Pass Oregon 302,431
7 KennewickPascoRichland Washington 283,846
8 Yakima Washington 249,636
9 Idaho FallsRexburgBlackfoot Idaho 239,764
10 Bellingham Washington 216,800
11 BendRedmondPrineville Oregon 203,877
12 Billings Montana 169,728
13 Wenatchee Washington 117,665
14 Missoula Montana 116,130
15 Moses LakeOthello Washington 112,784
16 Roseburg Oregon 108,457
17 Twin Falls Idaho 106,508
18 Bozeman Montana 104,502

Presidential elections

Presidential electoral votes in the Northwestern States since 1952
Year Idaho Montana Oregon Washington Wyoming
1952 Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower
1956 Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower
1960 Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon
1964 Johnson Johnson Johnson Johnson Johnson
1968 Nixon Nixon Nixon Humphrey Nixon
1972 Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon
1976 Ford Ford Ford Ford Ford
1980 Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan
1984 Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan
1988 Bush Bush Dukakis Dukakis Bush
1992 Bush Clinton Clinton Clinton Bush
1996 Dole Dole Clinton Clinton Dole
2000 Bush Bush Gore Gore Bush
2004 Bush Bush Kerry Kerry Bush
2008 McCain McCain Obama Obama McCain
2012 Romney Romney Obama Obama Romney
2016 Trump Trump Clinton Clinton Trump

References

  1. ^ Merriam-Webster (1997). Merriam-Webster's geographical dictionary. Merriam-Webster. p. 876. ISBN 978-0-87779-546-9. Retrieved November 30, 2010.

Further reading

  • Lavender, David. Land of Giants: The Drive to the Pacific Northwest, 1750- 1950 (1958) online
  • Schwantes, Carlos. The Pacific Northwest: An Interpretive History (1996) online
  • Warren, Sidney. Farthest Frontier: The Pacific Northwest (1949) online
  • Winther, Oscar Osburn. The great northwest: a history (Greenwood Press, 1981)

Coordinates: 46°N 117°W / 46°N 117°W

Arctic Circle Restaurants

Arctic Circle Restaurants is a chain of burger and shake restaurants based in Midvale, Utah, United States. There were 62 restaurants as of March 2019, about a third are company owned and two-thirds by franchisees, in Utah, Idaho, Nevada, Oregon, Washington, and Wyoming. About 50% of the restaurants are located in Utah. The restaurants purvey typical fast food fare such as burgers, sandwiches, shakes, salads, fries, and fish and chips.Famous for inventing regional condiment fry sauce, the company also claims to be the burger chain to invent and first to sell the kids' meal.

Arctic Circle once offered franchises in California, but no longer does.

The very first Arctic Circle location was on 135 East 9th South SLC, UT opened May 26,1950 and was founded by Don Carlos Edwards.

Bufflehead

The bufflehead (Bucephala albeola) is a small sea duck of the genus Bucephala, the goldeneyes. This species was first described by Linnaeus in his Systema naturae in 1758 as Anas albeola.The genus name is derived from Ancient Greek boukephalos, "bullheaded", from bous, "bull " and kephale, "head", a reference to the oddly bulbous head shape of the species. The species name albeola is from Latin albus, "white". The English name is a combination of buffalo and head, again referring to the head shape. This is most noticeable when the male puffs out the feathers on the head, thus greatly increasing the apparent size of the head.

Cable One

Cable One, Inc. (branded as Cable ONE) is an American Internet and cable service provider and former subsidiary of Graham Holdings Company. The company's name and current focus dates back to 1997; prior to that time the company was known as Post-Newsweek Cable. It is headquartered in Phoenix, Arizona, though it does not service the Phoenix area.

Calocedrus

Calocedrus (common name incense cedar, alternatively spelled incense-cedar) is a genus of coniferous trees in the cypress family Cupressaceae first described as a genus in 1873. It is native to eastern Asia and western North America.

The generic name means "beautiful cedar".

Douglas fir

Pseudotsuga menziesii is an evergreen conifer species in the pine family, Pinaceae. It is native to western North America and is known as Douglas fir, Douglas-fir, Oregon pine, and Columbian pine. There are two varieties: coast Douglas-fir (P. menziesii var. menziesii), and Rocky Mountain Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii var. glauca).

Fauna of Oregon

The fauna of the State of Oregon includes a wide array of species.

One way of presenting the fauna of Oregon is by classification by lifezone. Oregon is a vastly diverse state in terms of topography and climate. Five of the seven recognized lifezones are identified in Oregon.

Hermit thrush

The hermit thrush (Catharus guttatus) is a medium-sized North American thrush. It is not very closely related to the other North American migrant species of Catharus, but rather to the Mexican russet nightingale-thrush.The specific name guttatus is Latin for "spotted".

Holiday Stationstores

Holiday Stationstores is a chain of gasoline and convenience stores in the United States. It is the 18th largest convenience store chain in the United States, with over 500 locations in 10 states. Stationstores are located in Alaska, Idaho, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Washington, Wisconsin and Wyoming. It is based in Bloomington, Minnesota. It also ranked 133rd on Forbes' list of America's largest private companies. In July 2017, it was acquired by Montreal-based convenience store operator Alimentation Couche-Tard.

Idaho Territory

The Territory of Idaho was an organized incorporated territory of the United States that existed from March 3, 1863, until July 3, 1890, when the final extent of the territory was admitted to the Union as Idaho.

Mountain quail

The mountain quail (Oreortyx pictus) is a small ground-dwelling bird in the New World quail family. This species is the only one in the genus Oreortyx, which is sometimes included in Callipepla. This is not appropriate, however, as the mountain quail's ancestors have diverged from other New World quails earlier than the bobwhites, no later than 6 mya.

North Central Rockies forest

The North Central Rockies forests is a temperate coniferous forest ecoregion of Canada and the United States. This region gets more rain on average than the South Central Rockies forests and is notable for containing the only inland populations of many species from the Pacific coast.

Northwestern wolf

The northwestern wolf (Canis lupus occidentalis), also known as the Mackenzie Valley wolf, Alaskan timber wolf, Canadian timber wolf, or northern timber wolf, is a subspecies of gray wolf in western North America. It ranges from Alaska, the upper Mackenzie River Valley; southward into the Canadian provinces of British Columbia, Alberta, and Saskatchewan as well as the Northwestern United States.

Pinyon pine

The pinyon or piñon pine group grows in the southwestern United States, especially in New Mexico, Arizona, and Utah. The trees yield edible nuts, which are a staple food of Native Americans, and widely eaten as a snack and as an ingredient in New Mexican cuisine. The name comes from the Spanish pino piñonero, a name used for both the American varieties and the stone pine common in Spain, which also produces edible nuts typical of Mediterranean cuisine. Harvesting techniques of the prehistoric American Indians are still used today to collect the pinyon seeds for personal use or for commercialization. The pinyon nut or seed is high in fats and calories.

Pinyon wood, especially when burned, has a distinctive fragrance, making it a common wood to burn in chimeneas. Pinyon pine trees are also known to influence the soil in which they grow by increasing concentrations of both macronutrients and micronutrients.Some of the species are known to hybridize, the most notable ones being P. quadrifolia with P. monophylla, and P. edulis with P. monophylla.

The two-needle piñon (Pinus edulis) is the official state tree of New Mexico.

Port of Subs

Port of Subs is a franchise of submarine sandwich shops located exclusively in the western United States and headquartered in Reno, Nevada.It was founded in Sparks, Nevada, under the name "Sub Shop" in 1972. John Larsen purchased the company in 1975 and renamed it Port of Subs after holding a community-wide contest for its new name. Between 1975 and 1985, ten more shops were established before Port of Subs became a franchise. The shop currently has more than 140 locations throughout the western United States. It can be found in Nevada, California, Utah, Arizona, Idaho, Oregon, Washington, and Wyoming.The company is a listed sponsor of the Arizona Soccer Association

QFC

Quality Food Centers (QFC) is a supermarket chain based in Bellevue, Washington, with 64 stores in the Puget Sound region of the state of Washington and in the Portland, Oregon, metropolitan area. QFC is a subsidiary of Kroger.

Ring-necked duck

The ring-necked duck (Aythya collaris) is a diving duck from North America commonly found in freshwater ponds and lakes. The scientific name is derived from Greek aithuia an unidentified seabird mentioned by authors including Hesychius and Aristotle, and Latin collaris, "of the neck" from collum, "neck".

Trogloraptor

Trogloraptor is a genus of large spiders found in the caves of southwestern Oregon. It is the sole genus in the family Trogloraptoridae, and includes only one species, Trogloraptor marchingtoni. These spiders are predominantly yellow-brown in color with a maximum leg span of 3 in (7.6 cm). They are remarkable for having hook-like claws on the raptorial last segments of their legs.

Trogloraptor belongs to one of only three new spider families described since 1990. The specific name is in honor of the amateur cave biologist and deputy sheriff Neil Marchington.

Wilson's snipe

Wilson's snipe (Gallinago delicata) is a small, stocky shorebird.[1] The genus name gallinago is New Latin for a woodcock or snipe from Latin gallina, "hen" and the suffix -ago, "resembling". The specific delicata is Latin for "dainty".This species was considered to be a subspecies of the common snipe (G. gallinago) until 2003 when it was given its own species status, though not all authorities recognized this immediately. Wilson's snipe differs from the latter species in having a narrower white trailing edge to the wings, and eight pairs of tail feathers instead of the typical seven of the common snipe. Its common name commemorates the American ornithologist Alexander Wilson.

Yp Desert

The Yp Desert is a desert and ecoregion, within the Deserts and xeric shrublands Biome, in Owyhee County, Idaho, and Elko County, Nevada in the northwestern United States.

The Yp Desert lies at the eastern edges of the Owyhee Desert, and is home to the South Fork Owyhee River Recreation Area.

Josephine Reservoir, a small reservoir, Hat Peak, and the Duck Valley Indian Reservation are at the eastern perimeter of the Yp Desert.

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