Northwestern Polytechnical University (also known as NPU or NWPU; Chinese: 西北工业大学; pinyin: Xīběi Gōngyè Dàxué) is a National Key University, directed by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology of the People's Republic of China, located in Xi'an, Shaanxi, China. It is a Chinese Ministry of Education Class A Double First Class University.
The university specializes in education and research in the fields of aeronautical, astronautical and marine engineering. NPU's engineering ranked 10th among China's engineering universities. As of 2012, NPU has 13,736 graduate students (3,063 full-time doctorate candidates, 7,087 master candidates, 3,586 professional degree candidates) and 14,395 undergraduate students. The university is a member of Project 985 and Project 211.
|Northwestern Polytechnical University|
Xīběi Gōngyè Dàxué
Motto in English
|Loyalty, Integrity, Courage, and Perseverance|
|Type||Public, Project 985, Project 211|
|President||Wang Jinsong (汪劲松)|
0.8 km2 (Youyi Campus)
2.6 km2 (Chang'an Campus)
|Colors||Blue & Silver|
NPU builds upon the legacies of its three major predecessors.
In 1938, due to the Japanese invasion of northwestern China, many institutes were relocated to Shanxi. Among them, the National Beiyang Engineering Institute, the Engineering School of Beiping University, the Engineering School of the National Northeastern University, and the (private) Jiaozuo Engineering Institute were combined to form the then National Northwestern Engineering Institute in Hanzhong, Shaanxi, which is a city surrounded by mountain ranges. In 1946, following the end of World War II, the National Northwestern Engineering Institute, one of the three predecessors of NPU, was relocated from the mountains to the city of Xianyang. After the founding of the People's Republic of China, all institutes became state-owned, and in 1950 the National Northwestern Engineering Institute was renamed the Northwestern Engineering Institute.
In 1952, to meet the demand for concentrated aeronautics research, the departments of aeronautical engineering of the former National Central University (later known as Nanjing University), Jiaotong University and Zhejiang University were relocated to Nanjing and combined to form the East China Aeronautics Institute. This institute was relocated to Xi'an and renamed the Xi'an Aeronautics Institute, which is the second predecessor of the NPU, in 1956.
In 1957, the Northwestern Engineering Institute and the Xi'an Aeronautics Institute were merged to form NPU, which concentrated its research efforts on defense technology for aeronautics, astronautics and marine engineering.
In 1970, due to deteriorating relations with the former USSR, the People's Liberation Army Military Engineering Institute, which was located in Harbin, was disassembled. Many of its departments were relocated from the city near the China-Soviet border; among these, its Department of Aeronautical Engineering (the third predecessor of NPU) was moved to Xi'an and merged with the other two predecessors to form NPU.
NPU's campuses comprise about 4.58 km2, with the Youyi Campus, located in Beilin District, Xi'an, comprising about 0.8 km2 and the Chang'an Campus, located in Chang'an District, Xi'an, comprising about 2.6 km2. and the Taicang Campus, located in Suzhou, Jiangsu, comprising about 1.18 km2.
The Youyi Campus, often referred as the 'old campus', is divided into three parts: the South, the West and the North by the West Youyi Road and the South Laodong Road. The campus contains education facilities, apartments of teachers and students, stadiums, logistics facilities, a kindergarten and the primary and middle school affiliated with NPU.
The Chang'an Campus, often referred as the 'new campus', is divided into two parts: the East and the West by the Dongxiang Road. This campus contains many newly built administration buildings, school buildings, experiments facilities, sports facilities and so on. It serves as the main base for undergraduate education of NPU.
The Taicang Campus，located at the border between Suzhou and Shanghai，is currently under construction and will start to run in September 2021. This campus will contain 10 schools including School of Artificial Intelligence, School of Flexible Electronics, School of Business etc. It will serve around 10,000 students.
NPU is building or going to build more facilities on both of these two campuses. Supported by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology and the former Commission for Science, Technology and Industry for National Defense, NPU has received a 1.58 billion CNY (US$252.8 million) investment in infrastructure constructions from the central government and there're more than 20 construction projects running currently including the Material Science Building, the Innovation Science and Technology Building, the Reconstruction of Dangerous and Old Apartments after the earthquake, the #1 Student Apartment in the Youyi Campus and the New Library, Infrastructure Plan I & II, the High-tech Experimental Research Center and others in the Chang'an Campus.
NPU has a strong research capacity in engineering. It was confirmed as one of the National Key Universities by the State Council in 1960. In the 7th and 8th Five-year plan, NPU was listed as one of the 15 National Key Developing Universities. In the 9th Five-year plan, NPU joined the Project 211. And, in the 10th Five-year plan, NPU joined the Project 985.
Since its establishment, NPU has educated more than 150,000 high level technicians and researchers for China's defense industry and national economy development. The first PhD from 6 disciplines in China was graduated from NPU. And, among NPU's alumni, there are more than 30 fellows of the CAS and the CAE, 30 generals in PLA and 6 recipients of China's TOP 10 Outstanding Youth Elite.
The university's research funding has been continually rising every year. It reached 1.67 billion RMB in 2010 (US$0.26 billion), ranking 5th among all universities in China with funding per faculty member ranked 1st. And, in 2011, it reached 1.91 billion RMB.
According to the results of the 3rd Evaluation of Disciplines by the Ministry of Education of the People's Republic of China, the ranks of parts of NPU's disciplines are shown below.
|Material Science and Engineering||3|
|Aeronautical and Astronautical Science and Technology||1|
|Armament Science and Technology||3|
|Marine Science and Application||5|
|Computer Science and Technology||12|
|Control Science and Engineering||14|
|Electronic Science and Engineering||17|
|Instrument Science and Technology||18|
|Power Engineering and Engineering Thermophysics||18|
|Information and Communication Engineering||20|
|Foreign Languages and Literatures||52|
The University has 7 State Key Laboratories and 28 Province/Ministry-level Key Laboratories. Only the State Key Laboratories are listed below. These labs often specialize in particular areas of academic research and receive government funding:
|State Key Laboratory of Solidification Processing||School of Materials Science and Engineering|
|State Key Laboratory of Airfoil, Cascade Aerodynamics||School of Aeronautics & School of Power and Energy|
|State Key Laboratory of Torpedo Guidance Technology||School of Marine Technology|
|State Key Laboratory of Heat Structure and Inner Flow Field of Combustion of Solid Rocket Motor||School of Astronautics|
|State Key Laboratory of UAV Special Technology||Institute of National Defense|
|State Key Laboratory of Superhigh Temperature Structural Composite Materials||School of Materials Science and Engineering|
|State Key Laboratory of Space Flight Dynamics Technology||School of Astronautics|
The Education Experimental School is the college with special honors in NPU. Its predecessor is the Education Reform Class established in 1985 which was upgraded to the current school in 2001. The aim of this school is to provide the most elite students of NPU with the best resources so that they can become future leaders in their fields.
NPU has 15 academic schools, 1 educational experimental school( known as Honors College), 1 independent school and some other administrative schools. The university offers 58 undergraduate programs, 117 master programs, 67 doctorate programs and 14 postdoctoral programs. Currently, there are 2 First-level National Key Disciplines, 7 Second-level National Key Disciplines, 2 National Key (to cultivate) Disciplines, 21 First-level Disciplines for Doctorate Degree Granting and 31 First-level Disciplines for master's degree Granting. Additionally, NPU has 7 State Key Laboratories, 28 Province/Ministry-level Key Laboratories and 19 Province/Ministry-level Engineering Research Centers. The 15 academic schools of NPU are listed here in the official order.
Besides the 15 major academic schools and the education experimental school, NPU has other schools or institutes. They are:
The Innovation Study Base, directed by the Dean's Office of NPU, consists of multiple student competition programs including NPU's university team of Football Robotics, Dancing Robotics, Model United Nations, Mathematical Modeling, Model Airplanes and so on. In the 11th Five-year plan, NPU students won more than 1,400 awards at the international, state and provincial levels including 54 1st or 2nd place international level award and 147 1st or 2nd national level award.
The Student Club Center, directed by the Communist Youth League of NPU, serves all university-level student clubs. The center helps to organize and supervise student activities on the campus and acts like a bridge between the administration and students' clubs.
ASN UAVs are Chinese UAVs developed by Xi'an Aisheng Technology Group Co., Ltd (西安爱生技术集团公司) ASN Technology Group Co., Ltd (西安爱生技术集团公司), also known as Northwestern Polytechnical University UAV Research Institute or 365th Institute , established in 1984.Bai Enpei
Bai Enpei (Chinese: 白恩培; pinyin: Bái Ēnpéi; born 8 September 1946) is a former Chinese politician convicted of corruption. Bai served as the Deputy Party Secretary of Inner Mongolia between 1993 and 1997, Governor and later Party Secretary of Qinghai between 1997 and 2001, was the Party Secretary of Yunnan, the highest political position in the province, between 2001 and 2011.Bai was investigated by the party's anti-corruption watchdog in 2014, and eventually convicted on charges of bribery and amassing wealth of unclear origin, and sentenced to death with reprieve in 2016. Bai held the record for the highest recorded sum of corrupt earnings, and the most severe sentence in all officials charged with corruption during the anti-corruption campaign under Xi Jinping.Chen Shilu
Chen Shilu (Chinese: 陈士橹; pinyin: Chén Shìlŭ; 24 September 1920 – 24 April 2016) was a Chinese flight mechanics expert, educator and an academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering (CAE).Hao Peng (PRC)
Hao Peng (Chinese: 郝鹏; born July 1960) is a politician and business executive from the People's Republic of China, currently serving as the Chairman and Party Committee Secretary of the State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission (SASAC). He served as the Governor of Qinghai province between 2013 and 2016, and prior to that, a Vice Chairman of Tibet Autonomous Region.Hu Peiquan
Hu Peiquan (Chinese: 胡沛泉; Wade–Giles: Hu P'ei-ch'üan; 19 June 1920 – 19 February 2019) was a Chinese engineering mechanician, aerospace engineer, and educator. He was a distinguished professor and founder of the Department of Engineering Mechanics at Northwestern Polytechnical University. He founded the Journal of Northwestern Polytechnical University and served as its chief editor for more than 60 years.Jiang Chongjing
Jiang Chongjing (Chinese: 蒋崇璟; April 1916 – 27 June 2019) was a Chinese politician and academic administrator. He served as President of the Northwestern Polytechnical University and Chongqing University of Technology, Party Secretary of the University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, and Vice Minister of the Fourth Ministry of Machine Building.Liang Hua
Liang Hua (Chinese: 梁华; born 1964) is a Chinese business executive and the current chairman of Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd..Lin Mu
Lin Mu (October 18, 1927 – October 15, 2006 Chinese: 林牧), born in Yiwu, Zhejiang, China, was a former Chinese politician. In his later ages, he became a dissident against the CPC.Middle School Attached to Northwestern Polytechnical University
Middle School Attached to Northwestern Polytechnical University (NPUMS; Chinese: 西北工业大学附属中学; pinyin: Xīběi Gōngyè Dàxué Fùshǔ Zhōngxué) or Xigongda High School is a secondary school (including upper secondary/senior high school) in Xi'an, Shaanxi Province, China.
It is located in the southern suburbs of Xi'an, and covers an area of over 34,000 square meters. The school's staff consists of 235 people, and hosts more than 4,000 students. Since 1995, Xigongda High School has rapidly developed. From 2000 to the present, 96% of its students have scored at or above the required score on their college entrance examination boards to get into leading universities.
Xigongda High School has trained four of the top students in Shaanxi Province. Through 2008, the number of students admitted to Peking University and Tsinghua University was 351.National Key Universities
National Key Universities (Chinese: 国家重点大学) previously referred to universities recognized as prestigious and which received a high level of support from the central government of the People's Republic of China. The term is no longer in official use. However, it remains part of the vernacular, as evidenced by numerous Chinese media articles which still refer to "National Key Universities".A list of 16 National Key Universities was first promulgated by the Chinese government in 1959, and included Peking University, Tsinghua University, University of Science and Technology of China, Renmin University, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Fudan University. In 1960, another 44 universities were added to this list. By 1978, there were 88 National Key Universities. At the end of the 20th century, after reforms to the system of higher education in China, the Chinese government instituted a two-tier system of universities, namely universities managed by the central government and universities managed by provincial governments. The majority of universities would be managed by provincial governments. A small number of universities which affected national development or were highly specialized would be managed by the Chinese Ministry of Education (or by a few other ministries). The term "National Key Universities" then became defunct, and these schools are now normally referred to as "211" universities, based on China's Project 211. Universities under the Chinese Ministry of Education, of which there are currently 75, became known as "Universities directly under the Ministry of Education" (教育部直属高校).The term "zhòngdiǎn" 重点, translated here as "key," in this phrase can also be translated as "major," "priority," or "focal."Northwestern University (disambiguation)
Northwestern University is an educational institution based in Evanston, Illinois, United States.
Northwestern University may also refer to:
Northwestern California University School of Law, Sacramento, California
Northwestern Health Sciences University, Bloomington, Minnesota
Northwestern Oklahoma State University, Alva, Oklahoma
Northwestern Polytechnic University, Fremont, California
Northwestern State University, Natchitoches, Louisiana
University of Northwestern Ohio, Lima, Ohio
University of Northwestern – St. Paul, Saint Paul, Minnesota
Northwestern Christian University, former name of Butler University, Indianapolis, Indiana
Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi'an, Shaanxi, China
Northwestern University Laoag City (Philippines), Laoag, Ilocos Norte
Lyceum-Northwestern University, Dagupan, Pangasinan, Philippines
Northwestern University in QatarShi Changxu
Shi Changxu (simplified Chinese: 师昌绪; traditional Chinese: 師昌緒; 15 November 1920 – 10 November 2014) was a Chinese metallurgist and materials scientist. He served as Vice President of the Chinese Academy of Engineering.
Born in Xushui District, Hebei, he attended National Northwestern Engineering Institute (a predecessor of Northwestern Polytechnical University) until 1945. He then studied for his master's degree in the United States, at the Missouri School of Mines and Metallurgy, before receiving a doctoral degree in 1952 from the Rotterdam University of Applied Sciences in the Netherlands. Shi was a recipient of the 2010 Highest Science and Technology Award. He died in Beijing at the age of 96 in 2014.The asteroid 28468 Shichangxu, discovered in 2000, is named after him.Wu Yi (politician)
Wu Yi (born November 1938) is a retired Chinese politician. She was one of the country's most visible leaders during the first decade of the 21st century, best known for taking on the role of Minister of Health from April 2003 during the SARS outbreak, shortly after becoming Vice Premier of the State Council, a position she served in between March 2003 and March 2008. She was also a member of the Politburo of the Communist Party of China. She has since retired and left public life. She was commonly referred to as the "iron lady" by Chinese media, and was known to be a tough negotiator internationally.Yang Wei (aircraft designer)
Yang Wei (Chinese: 杨伟; born 1963) is a Chinese aircraft designer. He is vice president of the Chinese Aeronautical Establishment (中国航空研究院).Yang Wei (engineer)
Yang Wei (simplified Chinese: 杨卫; traditional Chinese: 楊衛) is a Chinese engineer and scientist. He is a member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and served as President of Zhejiang University from August 2002 to February 2013.Ye Zhengda
Ye Zhengda (Chinese: 叶正大; 22 August 1927 – 14 December 2017) was a Chinese aircraft designer and lieutenant general of the People's Liberation Army Air Force. He was also an adjunct professor and senior engineer at Northwestern Polytechnical University. He was a member of the 10th National Congress of the Communist Party of China and a delegate to the 5th National People's Congress.Zhang Qingwei
Zhang Qingwei (Chinese: 张庆伟; born 7 November 1961) is a Chinese politician, business executive, and aerospace engineer. He is the Communist Party Secretary of Heilongjiang, former Governor of Hebei, and former chairman of the Commission for Science, Technology and Industry for National Defense (COSTIND). Prior to his government career he was president of China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation (CASC) and chairman of Comac, an aerospace manufacturer.Zhang was well known for his work for military contractors, and headed the team that designed and constructed the Xian JH-7 "flying leopard" combat aircraft. He was also the deputy leader of the project to send a Chinese man into space, and the leader of the Chinese Lunar Exploration Program, Chang'e 1. In 2009, Zhang was named one of China's 40 most powerful people by BusinessWeek.Zhou Yaohe
Zhou Yaohe (Chinese: 周尧和; pinyin: Zhōu Yáohé; Wade–Giles: Chou Yao-ho May 1927 – 30 July 2018) was a Chinese of materials scientist. He was elected as academician of the Chinese Academy of Science in 1991.Born in May 1927, Zhou attended Tsinghua University. He went to the Soviet Union in 1953, and returned to China with a Candidate of Sciences degree from the Moscow Institute of Steel, in 1957. He specialized in solidification theory and technology for metal casting, and developed a new method of metal casting, which is used to produce aluminium alloy for aerospace engineering. He received the highest award of Chinese aviation industry in 1991.He died on 30 July 2018 at Huadong Hospital in Shanghai, aged 91.Zhu Zuoli
Zhu Zuoli (Chinese: 祝作利; pinyin: Zhù Zuólì; born January 1955) is a former Chinese politician who spent most of his career in Shaanxi Province. Zhu was the Director of the Shaanxi Provincial Development and Reform Commission between 2008 and 2013, a department with broad powers over the provincial economy, and then the Vice-Chairman of the provincial People's Political Consultative Conference (Zhengxie), a mostly ceremonial legislative consultation body. He was placed under investigation for corruption by the Communist Party's internal anti-corruption agency in February 2014, and dismissed from his positions.
Former Project 985
Former Project 211
See also: Project 985
See also: List of universities in China
Associations of independent college admissions of Chinese universities
|“The Peking Union”|
|“The Tsinghua Union”|
|“The Excellence Union”|