North Vancouver (district municipality)

The District of North Vancouver is a district municipality in British Columbia, Canada, and is part of Metro Vancouver. It surrounds the City of North Vancouver on three sides. As of 2016, the District stands as the second wealthiest city in Canada, with neighbouring West Vancouver the richest. The municipality is largely characterized as being a relatively quiet, affluent suburban hub home to many middle and upper-middle-class families. Homes in the District generally range from mid-sized family bungalows to very large luxury houses (particularly in the District's Capilano/Edgemont neighbourhood as well as areas of Upper Lonsdale and Deep Cove). Some developments have popped up across the district in recent years, however the District remains a primarily suburban municipality. The District is served by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, British Columbia Ambulance Service, and the District of North Vancouver Fire Department.

North Vancouver
The Corporation of the District of North Vancouver[1]
View of North Vancouver
View of North Vancouver
Flag of North Vancouver

Flag
Motto(s): 
"Montes Rivique Nobis Inspirant" (English: "The Mountains and Rivers Inspire Us")
Location of District of North Vancouver in British Columbia
Location of District of North Vancouver in British Columbia
Coordinates: 49°18′40″N 123°01′10″W / 49.31111°N 123.01944°WCoordinates: 49°18′40″N 123°01′10″W / 49.31111°N 123.01944°W
Country Canada
Province British Columbia
Regional DistrictMetro Vancouver
Incorporated1891
Government
 • MayorMike Little
 • Governing bodyMunicipal council
 • MPJonathan Wilkinson-(Liberal)
Terry Beech-(Liberal)
 • MLABowinn Ma (Lonsdale- BC NDP)
Jane Thornthwaite (Seymour-BC Liberal)
Ralph Sultan (Capilano-BC Liberal)
Area
 • Total160.76 km2 (62.07 sq mi)
Highest elevation
1,449 m (4,754 ft)
Lowest elevation
0 m (0 ft)
Population
(2016)
 • Total85,395
 • Density534.6/km2 (1,385/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC−8 (PST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−7 (PDT)
Forward sortation area
Area code(s)604, 778, 236
Websitewww.dnv.org

History

For thousands of years, the Indigenous Squamish and their kin Tsleil-Waututh, of the Coast Salish, resided in the land known as North Vancouver. Slightly over 200 years ago, the people of the Squamish and Tsleil-Waututh living on the North Shore had their first glimpse of Europeans. First the Spanish arrived, giving their name to Vancouver's Spanish Banks and, in 1792, Captain George Vancouver explored the local shores. But it was not until 1862 that the first attempt was made to harvest the North Shore's rich stands of timber, leading to fuller settlement of the area that would later become North Vancouver.

The first industry on the North Shore was Pioneer Mills, founded in 1862 to log the huge trees of the coastal rainforest. After twice changing hands, the operation was bought by Sewell ("Sue") Prescott Moody in 1865. Near where the Saskatchewan Wheat Pool grain elevators now stand, the town of Moodyville grew up and stood as the main centre of activity on the North Shore until the mill closed in 1901. The first school was established in Moodyville. The second, Central School, opened in 1902 in a building that still stands as part of what is now Presentation House at 3rd Street and Chesterfield Avenue, the current home of the North Vancouver Museum and Archives.

In 1891, the first municipality on the North Shore was formed as the District of North Vancouver. It stretched across the North Shore from Horseshoe Bay to Deep Cove but omitted Moodyville. In the early years of the 20th century, a real estate boom took place, with speculators – including the British poet Rudyard Kipling – eager to turn a quick dollar. A new community began to take shape. In 1902, the Hotel North Vancouver was built; in 1905, the first bank, a branch of the Bank of North America, opened. A newspaper, the Express, commenced publication in 1905 and in 1906 the British Columbia Electric Railway began streetcar service.

Industry, particularly shipbuilding, became central, with the magnificent stands of trees a rich resource for a society in which ships, houses and most other manmade things were constructed mainly of wood. The Wallace Shipyards moved in 1906 to the area just east of Lonsdale Avenue, drawn by the arrival of electricity. Over the years, this company, later known as Burrard Dry Dock and then Versatile Pacific Shipyards, became a major force in the local economy. Many of the shipyard's buildings still stand although the company has now ceased operations.

Economic prosperity and rapid growth in the Lower Lonsdale area of North Vancouver led to the establishment in 1907 of the separate City of North Vancouver, with a population of approximately 1,500. West Vancouver separated from the District in 1912. Apart from the addition of Moodyville in 1915, the boundaries of the City have not changed, even though far more people now call the District home.

Communications with Vancouver have always been an important factor in the development of the North Shore. The first ferry service was supplied by "Navvy Jack’s" rowboat in 1866. In 1867, the Sea Foam established regular ferry service that continued until 1958. The SeaBus re-established water transportation in 1977. Rail service was slower in developing. While the Pacific Great Eastern Railway inaugurated a 12.7-mile run from North Vancouver to Whytecliff Park in 1914, it was not until the completion of the first Second Narrows Bridge in 1925 that rail and road links with the Lower Mainland supplemented the local ferry service.

Early plans for North Vancouver were ambitious. The City as a communications hub and industrial centre was surrounded by the more rural District, both municipalities in a magnificent geographical setting that appeared to open endless possibilities. But early grandiose plans met with a number of setbacks. The real estate boom was overtaken by a worldwide depression in 1913 and then World War I delayed many projects. The depression that began in 1929, coupled with disruptions to communications over the Second Narrows caused by ships colliding with the bridge, led to economic difficulties and severe tax shortfalls. Both the City and the District were placed in receivership in 1933. But the opening of the second road crossing, the Lions' Gate Bridge in 1938 was a significant factor in making the North Shore more accessible. And the war years led to an economic revival of North Vancouver, especially because of the many ships built in the Burrard Dry Dock at the foot of Lonsdale for the Canadian war effort.

In the postwar years, the City and the District of North Vancouver boomed, with most of the growth taking place in the District because of its greater land resources.

Geography

The District of North Vancouver is separated from Vancouver by the Burrard Inlet. It can be accessed by the Lions' Gate Bridge, the Ironworkers Memorial Second Narrows Crossing, and the SeaBus passenger ferry.

The District is bounded by the Capilano River to the west, Indian Arm to the east, Burrard Inlet to the south, and the Coast Mountains to the north. It sprawls in an east-west direction across the mountain slopes, and is characterized by rugged terrain and steep and winding roadways. While there is no true urban core within the District, there are a number of separate commercial neighbourhood centres. These include (from west to east): Edgemont Village, Upper Lonsdale, Lynn Valley, Main Street, Parkgate, and Deep Cove.

CapilanoLake
Capilano Lake.

The District has a lot in common with West Vancouver and the City of North Vancouver. Together these three municipalities are commonly referred to as the North Shore. Most of the residents of the District live in single-family dwellings. Except for a few more historical areas, much of the development of the District has occurred since the 1950s. The City of North Vancouver has considerably higher commercial and residential density.

Climate

North Vancouver has an oceanic climate (Köppen climate type Cfb).

Government and Politics

Mayor Mike Little (2018)
Councillors Jordan Back (2018); Mathew Bond (2014, 2018); Megan Curren (2018); Betty Forbes (2018), Jim Hanson (2014, 2018); Lisa Muri (1996, 1999, 2002, 2005, 2008, 2011, 2014, 2018)
Provincial MLAs Jane Thornthwaite (North Vancouver-Seymour); Bowinn Ma (North Vancouver-Lonsdale); Ralph Sultan (West Vancouver-Capilano)
MPs Jonathan Wilkinson (North Vancouver); Terry Beech (Burnaby North-Seymour)

Industry

While industry was the engine that propelled North Vancouver for much of the twentieth century, this has now largely been replaced by enterprises more in tune with present economic realities. Many North Shore companies are in the business of creating and marketing high technology.

The television and film industry has made the area the centre of Hollywood North. Filming of the popular series The X-Files took place in North Vancouver for five seasons, with many of its "wilderness" sequences shot in the Lower Seymour Conservation Reserve (LSCR).

Sites of interest

Transportation

The main (and only) highway through the District of North Vancouver is the Trans-Canada Highway (Highway 1). This crosses over the Ironworkers Memorial Second Narrows Crossing from Vancouver and goes through the District to the western border with West Vancouver.

Public transit, operated by Coast Mountain Bus Company and funded by TransLink, runs routes throughout the District, mostly from Lonsdale Quay in the City of North Vancouver. West Vancouver Blue Bus also runs several routes between the two North Vancouvers and West Vancouver.

Demographics

Canada 2016 Census[3] Population % of total population (2016)
Visible minority group
South Asian 3,060 3.6%
Chinese 5,820 6.9%
Black 470 0.6%
Filipino 1,910 2.3%
Latin American 780 0.9%
Arab 215 0.3%
Southeast Asian 340 0.4%
West Asian 5,490 6.5%
Korean 1,730 2%
Japanese 1,170 1.4%
Other visible minority 75 0.1%
Mixed visible minority 690 0.8%
Total visible minority population 21,750 25.6%
Aboriginal group First Nations 1,455 1.7%
Métis 720 0.8%
Inuit 20 0%
Total Aboriginal population 2,140 2.5%
European 60,175 70.9%
Total population 84,880 100%

According to the 2006 Census:

  • Population: 82,562
  • Growth Rate (2001–2006): 0.3%
  • Total Private Dwellings: 30,957
  • Land Area: 160.67 km².
  • Density: 513.9 people per km².
Canada 2006 Census Population % of Total Population
Visible minority group
Source:[4]
South Asian 2,605 3.2%
Chinese 5,100 6.2%
Black 455 0.6%
Filipino 1,675 2%
Latin American 740 0.9%
Arab 185 0.2%
Southeast Asian 90 0.1%
West Asian 3,570 4.4%
Korean 2,035 2.5%
Japanese 1,125 1.4%
Other visible minority 40 0%
Mixed visible minority 590 0.7%
Total visible minority population 18,205 22.2%
Aboriginal group
Source:[5]
First Nations 415 0.5%
Métis 300 0.4%
Inuit 0 0%
Total Aboriginal population 755 0.9%
White 62,950 76.9%
Total population 81,910 100%

Languages

Mother Languages as reported by each person: Source:[6]

Canada 2011 Census Population % of Total Population % of Non-official language Population
English 62,405 74.4 N/A
Persian 4,385 5.2 21.9
German 1,725 2.1 8.6
Korean 1,570 1.9 7.8
Spanish 1,165 1.4 5.8
Chinese-Cantonese 1,135 1.4 5.7
French 1,045 1.2 N/A

References

  1. ^ "British Columbia Regional Districts, Municipalities, Corporate Name, Date of Incorporation and Postal Address" (XLS). British Columbia Ministry of Communities, Sport and Cultural Development. Retrieved November 2, 2014.
  2. ^ "N VANCOUVER 2ND NARROWS]". Canadian Climate Normals 1981−2010. Retrieved 2018-03-26.
  3. ^ https://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2016/dp-pd/prof/details/page.cfm?Lang=E&Geo1=CSD&Code1=5915046&Geo2=CD&Code2=5915&Data=Count&SearchText=north%20vancouver&SearchType=Begins&SearchPR=01&B1=All&TABID=1 Census Profile, 2016 Census North Vancouver, District municipality [Census subdivision]. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 28 December 2018.
  4. ^ Vancouver&SearchType=Begins&SearchPR=01&B1=All&Custom=, Community Profiles from the 2006 Census, Statistics Canada - Census Subdivision
  5. ^ [1], Aboriginal Peoples - Data table
  6. ^ [2], Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census-Census subdivision of North Vancouver, DM - British Columbia

External links

Burnaby North—Seymour

Burnaby North—Seymour (French: Burnaby-Nord—Seymour) is a federal electoral district in British Columbia. It encompasses a portion of British Columbia previously included in the electoral districts of Burnaby—Douglas and North Vancouver.Burnaby North—Seymour was created by the 2012 federal electoral boundaries redistribution and was legally defined in the 2013 representation order. It came into effect upon the call of the 42nd Canadian federal election, scheduled for October 2015.

Capilano River

The Capilano River flows from north to south through the Coast Mountains on Vancouver's North Shore and empties into Burrard Inlet, opposite Stanley Park. The river is one of three primary sources of drinking water for residents of Greater Vancouver, and flows through the Capilano watershed. The Cleveland Dam, built in 1954, impounds a reservoir for this purpose. The entire reservoir and watershed area upstream of the dam is closed to the public to ensure the quality of the drinking water.

Prior to construction of the Cleveland Dam, the Capilano River deposited large amounts of sediment into Burrard Inlet. A dredge was needed to remove this sediment build-up in order to keep Burrard Inlet open for ship traffic.

The Capilano has a historic salmon run which was impacted by the dam construction. A hatchery was built 1/2 kilometre (km) downstream of the dam to ensure the survival of the run.

The river flows through coastal rainforest and, in its lower stretches, follows a granite canyon with walls in excess of 40 metres tall in places.

The Capilano flows during periods of snow melt and rainfall mainly and slows to a trickle at other times.

Capilano River Regional Park

Capilano River Regional Park is located in the District of North Vancouver in British Columbia, Canada. It is one of twenty-one regional parks operated by the Metro Vancouver. The park encompasses most of the upstream areas of the Capilano River below the Cleveland Dam. The area north of the dam surrounding Capilano Lake is closed to the public as it is a GVRD watershed. The privately operated Capilano Suspension Bridge crosses the river, but it is not within park boundaries and does not access the park.

Capilano Suspension Bridge

The Capilano Suspension Bridge is a simple suspension bridge crossing the Capilano River in the District of North Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. The current bridge is 140 metres (460 ft) long and 70 metres (230 ft) above the river. It is part of a private facility with an admission fee, and draws over 800,000 visitors a year.

Crown Mountain (North Shore Mountains)

Crown Mountain is a mountain located north of North Vancouver, British Columbia in the North Shore Mountains and is visible from most of Vancouver and area.

Dollarton Bridge

The Dollarton Bridge comprises a pair of two-lane reinforced concrete spans the Seymour River in North Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. It replaced a two-lane steel truss bridge built in 1948.

The bridge, which is part of the Dollarton Highway, provides 4 lanes of road traffic and two 3 metre wide pedestrian-bicycle sidewalks.

Ironworkers Memorial Second Narrows Crossing

The Ironworkers Memorial Second Narrows Crossing, also called the Ironworkers Memorial Bridge and Second Narrows Bridge, is the second bridge constructed at the Second (east) Narrows of Burrard Inlet in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. Originally named the Second Narrows Bridge, it connects Vancouver to the North Shore of Burrard Inlet, which includes the District of North Vancouver, the City of North Vancouver, and West Vancouver. It was constructed adjacent to the older Second Narrows Bridge, which is now exclusively a rail bridge. The First Narrows Bridge, better known as Lions Gate Bridge, crosses Burrard Inlet about 8 kilometres west of the Second Narrows. Its construction, from 1956 to 1960, was marred by a multi-death collapse on June 17, 1958.

The bridge is a steel truss cantilever bridge, designed by Swan Wooster Engineering Co. Ltd. Construction began in November 1957, and the bridge was officially opened on August 25, 1960. It cost approximately $15 million to build. Tolls were charged until 1963.

The bridge is 1,292 metres (4,239 ft) long with a centre span of 335 metres (1,099 ft). It is part of the Trans-Canada Highway (Highway 1).

Mount Bishop (Fannin Range)

Mount Bishop is a mountain located on the northern border of Mount Seymour Provincial Park in the District of North Vancouver, British Columbia. It is a part of the North Shore Mountains, rising from the shores of Indian Arm to a summit of 1,509 metres (4,951 ft). Mount Bishop is a rocky summit with bluffs and old growth on its lower slopes.

The mountain was named in honour of Joseph Charles Bishop, the first president of the British Columbia Mountaineering Club (BCMC), who died in 1913 after falling into a crevasse whilst climbing on Mount Baker.

Mount Elsay

Mount Elsay is a mountain in southwestern British Columbia, Canada, located near the middle of Mount Seymour Provincial Park in the District of North Vancouver. It is a part of the North Shore Mountains, rising from the shores of Indian Arm to a summit of 1,419 m (4,656 ft). It is named after nearby Elsay Lake and Creek. These names are thought to derive from a Scottish settler, probably after a place name in Scotland.

Mount Fromme

Mount Fromme is a mountain on the North Shore of Vancouver, British Columbia, and a key North American mountain biking destination. Looking towards the North of the Burrard Inlet three mountains are clearly visible (Grouse Mountain, Mount Seymour, and Mt. Fromme). Mt. Fromme (commonly referred to as Grouse Mountain because of its proximity to the ski resort of that name) has downhill trails that have made a name for the North Shore riding style. Mount Fromme features various trails, many of which are part of the NSMBA (North Shore Mountain Biking Association). Some of these trails are sponsored by companies which provide money to maintain the trails. There is also a nudist club called Van Tan Nudist Club past the second switch back on mountain highway. Members of the club are given access to the location by vehicle which is usually blocked of by a gate.

Mount Fromme features green, blue, black, double black and "triple red" trails.

Mount Seymour

Mount Seymour is a mountain located in Mount Seymour Provincial Park in the District of North Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. It is a part of the North Shore Mountains, rising to the north from the shores of Burrard Inlet and Indian Arm to a summit of 1,449 m (4,754 ft) above the Indian River and Deep Cove neighbourhoods. Mount Seymour is most commonly identified for its ski area of the same name, and as a popular hiking area. It is named in honour of Frederick Seymour, second governor of the Colony of British Columbia. The name is used to refer to the ridge although the main summit is one of several, and is also known as Third Pump Peak.

North Shore (Greater Vancouver)

The North Shore (of Burrard Inlet) is a term commonly used to refer to several areas adjacent to Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada:

the District of West Vancouver;

the City of North Vancouver;

the District of North Vancouver; and

the North Shore MountainsIt is renowned for its proximity to nature, varied outdoor recreation opportunities (especially mountain biking) as well as historically significant west coast modernist architecture.

North Vancouver

North Vancouver may refer to:

North Vancouver (city), a city in British Columbia, Canada

North Vancouver (district municipality), a district municipality in British Columbia, Canada

North Vancouver (electoral district), a federal electoral district in British Columbia, Canada

North Vancouver (provincial electoral district), a provincial electoral district in British Columbia, Canada

North Vancouver-Capilano

North Vancouver-Capilano was a provincial electoral district in the Canadian province of British Columbia from 1966 to 1991. The riding's predecessor was North Vancouver, which first appeared on the hustings from 1903.

For other historical and current ridings in Vancouver or the North Shore see Vancouver (electoral districts). For other Greater Vancouver area ridings please see New Westminster (electoral districts).

North Vancouver-Lonsdale

North Vancouver-Lonsdale is a provincial electoral district for the Legislative Assembly of British Columbia, Canada.

For other current and historical North Shore and City of Vancouver ridings, please see Vancouver (electoral districts)

North Vancouver-Seymour

North Vancouver-Seymour is a provincial electoral district for the Legislative Assembly of British Columbia, Canada.

For other current and historical North Shore and City of Vancouver ridings, please see Vancouver (electoral districts)

Phibbs Exchange

Phibbs Exchange is the major transit exchange for the District of North Vancouver, British Columbia. Part of the TransLink system, it is home to routes serving North Vancouver and some parts of the city of Vancouver. Opened on October 19, 1973, it is one of the four major transit exchanges on the North Shore (the others being Capilano University Exchange, Lonsdale Quay and Park Royal Exchange).

School District 44 North Vancouver

School District 44 North Vancouver is a school district in the Canadian province of British Columbia. The district is located immediately north of the city of Vancouver, across the Burrard Inlet. SD44 includes the municipalities of the City of North Vancouver and the District of North Vancouver.

Climate data for North Vancouver (N Vancouver 2ND Narrows) (Elevation: 4m) 1981−2010
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average precipitation mm (inches) 262.2
(10.32)
172.3
(6.78)
168.4
(6.63)
136.3
(5.37)
103.3
(4.07)
82.5
(3.25)
53.2
(2.09)
54.9
(2.16)
76.8
(3.02)
189.0
(7.44)
293.4
(11.55)
238.6
(9.39)
1,830.8
(72.08)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 255.3
(10.05)
167.7
(6.60)
166.8
(6.57)
136.1
(5.36)
103.3
(4.07)
82.5
(3.25)
53.2
(2.09)
54.9
(2.16)
76.8
(3.02)
189.0
(7.44)
290.2
(11.43)
229.9
(9.05)
1,805.6
(71.09)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 6.9
(2.7)
5.2
(2.0)
1.6
(0.6)
0.2
(0.1)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.1
(0.0)
2.3
(0.9)
8.7
(3.4)
24.9
(9.8)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm) 20.5 15.5 18.0 15.4 13.8 11.7 7.4 6.7 9.6 16.1 20.9 20.3 175.9
Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm) 19.7 15.1 17.9 15.4 13.8 11.7 7.4 6.7 9.6 16.0 20.7 19.6 173.5
Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm) 1.7 0.92 0.54 0.12 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.08 0.72 2.2 6.2
Source: Environment Canada (normals, 1981−2010)[2]
Places adjacent to North Vancouver (district municipality)
Neighbourhoods in the City and District of North Vancouver, British Columbia
Neighbourhoods
First Nations
Schools in the City and District of North Vancouver
Secondary schools
Primary or elementary schools
Private schools
Municipalities of Metro Vancouver
Population over 500,000
Population over 100,000
Population over 50,000
Population over 10,000
Population under 10,000
Unincorporated areas
Flag of British Columbia Subdivisions of British Columbia
Subdivisions
Communities
Metro areas and
agglomerations
District municipalities

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