North Straits Salish is a Salish language which includes the dialects of
Although they are mutually intelligible, each dialect is traditionally referred to as if it were a separate language, and there is no native term to encompass them all.
See Saanich dialect for the phonology.
|North Straits Salish|
|Region||Vancouver Island, British Columbia, Canada; Washington, United States|
|105 (2016 census)|
Klallam (also Clallam, although the spelling with "K" is preferred in all four modern Klallam communities) refers to four related indigenous Native American/First Nations communities from the Pacific Northwest of North America. The Klallam culture is classified ethnographically and linguistically in the Coast Salish subgroup. Two Klallam bands live on the Olympic Peninsula and one on the Kitsap Peninsula in Washington state, and one is based at Becher Bay on southern Vancouver Island in British Columbia.Lummi
The Lummi ( LUM-ee; Lummi: Xwlemi [χʷləˈmi]; also known as Lhaq'temish (LOCK‐tuh‐mish), or People of the Sea), governed by the Lummi Nation, are a Native American tribe of the Coast Salish ethnolinguistic group in western Washington state in the United States. The federally recognized tribe primarily resides on and around the Lummi Indian Reservation (48°45′N 122°39′W) to the west of Bellingham in western Whatcom County, 20 miles (32 km) south of the border with Canada.Lummi dialect
Lummi (Xwlemi Chosen, IPA: [xʷləmi tʃɔsən]) is a dialect of the North Straits Salish language traditionally spoken by the Lummi people of northwest Washington, in the United States. Although traditionally referred to as a language, it is mutually intelligible with the other dialects of North Straits.
Lummi language is still spoken on the Lummi reservation and is taught at Ferndale High School, Lummi Tribal School and the Northwest Indian College.Pender Island
Pender Island (Saanich: st̕ey̕əs ) is one of the Southern Gulf Islands located in the Gulf of Georgia, British Columbia, Canada. Pender Island is approximately 34 km2 (13 sq mi) in area and is home to about 2,250 permanent residents, as well as a large seasonal population. Like most of the rest of the Southern Gulf Islands, Pender Island enjoys a sub-Mediterranean climate and features open farmland, rolling forested hills, several lakes and small mountains, as well as many coves and beaches.Saanich dialect
Saanich (also Sənčaθən, written as SENĆOŦEN in Saanich orthography) is the language of the First Nations Saanich people. Saanich is a member of a dialect continuum called Northern Straits which is a Coast Salishan language. North Straits varieties are closely related to the Klallam language.Samish (disambiguation)
Samish refers to a Native American people who live in the U.S. state of Washington, a Central Coast Salish people. It may also refer to:
Places in Washington State, United StatesLake Samish in Whatcom County
Samish Bay in Puget Sound
Samish Island, Washington, an unincorporated community in Skagit CountyOtherArthur Samish (1897–1974), American lobbyist
MV Samish, a ferry in Washington State
Samish language, also known as North Straits Salish languageSemiahmoo First Nation
Semiahmoo First Nation ( SEM-ee-AH-moo) is the band government of the Semiahmoo people, a Coast Salish subgroup. The band's main community and offices are located on the 312 acres (1.3 km2) Semiahmoo Indian Reserve which is sandwiched between the boundary of White Rock, British Columbia and the Canada–United States boundary and Peace Arch Provincial Park.Semiahmoo people
The Semiahmoo ( SEM-ee-AH-moh, SEM-ee-AH-moo; Semiahmoo: SEMYOME) are a Coast Salish indigenous people whose homeland is in the Lower Mainland region of southwestern British Columbia, Canada.Songhees
The Lekwungen or Lekungen nation (often called the Songhees or Songish by non-Lekwungens) are an indigenous North American Coast Salish people who reside on southeastern Vancouver Island, British Columbia in the Greater Victoria area. Their government is the Songhees First Nation, a member of the Te'mexw Treaty Association and the Naut'sa Mawt Tribal Council. Their traditional language is Lekwungen, a dialect of the North Straits Salish language.
There is evidence of a fortified village existing at Finlayson Point in Beacon Hill Park prior to the arrival of Europeans in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. The Songhees' traditional foods included salmon, shellfish, whale, deer, duck, berries, camas root, and herbs. The Coast Salish traditionally lived in bighouses, which were large rectangular communal houses of cedar planks, adorned with carved and jointed totem posts.Songhees First Nation
The Songhees First Nation is a First Nations government located around Victoria, British Columbia on southern Vancouver Island, British Columbia, Canada.
Italics indicate extinct languages