North Quincy High School

North Quincy High School (NQHS) is a public secondary school located in the North Quincy neighborhood of Quincy, Massachusetts. The school serves grades 9 through 12, and has an enrollment of over 1,200 students. It is one of two public high schools in the city—the other being Quincy High School. The school's mascot is known as "Yakoo", and its school colors are red and black.[2]

North Quincy High School
Mr. Yakoo
Address
North Quincy High School is located in Greater Boston area
North Quincy High School
North Quincy High School
North Quincy High School is located in Massachusetts
North Quincy High School
North Quincy High School
North Quincy High School is located in the United States
North Quincy High School
North Quincy High School
316 Hancock Street

,
United States
CoordinatesCoordinates: 42°16′38″N 71°01′42″W / 42.277142°N 71.028371°W
Information
TypePublic
MottoA Symbol of Pride and Excellence
Established1926
School districtQuincy Public Schools
PrincipalRob Shaw
Grades9-12
Enrollment1,168 (2016-17)[1]
CampusUrban
Color(s)Red & Black          
MascotYakoo
NicknameRed Raiders
RivalQuincy High School
YearbookManet
Website

History

The school was originally built as North Junior High School in 1925. An additional wing was added to the eastern side of the building in 1931, and the school was changed into a senior high school. The newly established North Quincy High School graduated its first class of seniors in 1934, and a second wing was added to the building two years later. Both the original structure and the two subsequent additions were designed by Frank Irving Cooper.

In the 1970s, the school underwent major renovations, adding a new gymnasium and cafeteria. A large new wing in the Brutalist style was added to the rear of the building, designed by the Colletti Brothers of Hingham,[3] built atop Oliver Street, which was controversially razed for the construction; the old glass "gondola" in the rear of the old building which served as the principal's office in the 1950s and 1960s was also removed.[4] Finally, the entrance to the school was changed, removing stairs leading into a second-floor vestibule as well as two flanking concrete statues of lions.

The school is once again slated to undergo exterior renovations, beginning with the purchase and razing of much of Hunt Street, and nine houses occupying the section, which will be replaced with parking and access to nearby Teal Field, as well as the fencing in of the entire campus, in conjunction with ongoing modifications of Hancock and West Squantum Streets for easing of traffic constrictions.

The school's atrium was rededicated as the Atrium of Honor in April 2011. The Atrium honors North Quincy High School students and graduates who have served in the U.S. military. This includes two Medal of Honor recipients, Everett Pope and William Caddy. Wall panels are dedicated to Pope, Caddy, E. Alan Brudno, Richard Stratton, and Charles Sweeney.

The school has had seven principals in its history. The first, James S. Collins, served as principal from the school's opening in the 1920s and retired in 1956. John Walsh was a Spanish teacher, assistant principal, and then the school's second principal from 1956 to 1972. Peter J. Chrisom, a graduate of the school, was principal from 1972 to 1998. The school's auditorium is named for him. He was succeeded by his long time assistant principal, Eileen Feeney, who served as the school's fourth principal from 1998 to 1999. The fifth principal was Louis P. Ioanilli, who served from 1999 until his retirement in 2007. He was followed by Earl Metzler, principal from 2007 to 2012. Metzler left to become a superintendent of schools in a New Hampshire district. The seventh and current principal is Robert Shaw, who became principal in 2012.

Demographics

From the 1990s to 2011 the number of Asian students increased by 40%. According to former student Tony Liang, quoted in The Patriot Ledger, the Asian students in the 1990s were mostly born in China, but by 2011 most of the Asian students were American-born.[5]

Athletics

"North" competed for many years in the high school Atlantic Coast and Old Colony Leagues, which comprised teams from the South Shore. In recent years, the school has competed in the Patriot League, and its athletic teams are known as the Red Raiders. Its traditional athletic archrival is the crosstown Quincy High School Presidents. Both schools use Veterans Memorial Stadium.

North Quincy High School has shown the most success in its girls' volleyball program, which has won six state championships within the last twenty years under coach Jim Rendle.[6]

Clubs and teams

North Quincy High has a large range of teams and clubs that have long histories of excellence and contribution to the community.

Academic teams

North Quincy High has many academic teams, including Debate Team, Academic Decathlon, Math Team, History Bowl, and Science Olympiad.[7]

In 2013 and 2015 the school was represented at WGBH's High School Quiz Show. Only sixteen out of over three hundred Massachusetts high schools reach the televised rounds. North Quincy High School won the state championship in 2013 and then defeated a New Hampshire school for the regional Governors' Cup.

The Academic Decathlon Team has placed in the top 5 of both the regional and state competitions consistently.

The History Bowl Team placed 2nd, 3rd, and 5th in the 1st MA State Competition, advancing to the National History Bowl. Many of the members also placed in the top 8 in the state for the State History Bee, advancing to the National History Bee in the process.

MOON (Mathematical Organization of North Quincy) has competed in the Greater Boston Math League and often performed very well, competing in Division II for playoffs for two years in a row.

The Debate team participates in regional debates hosted at venues such as Harvard University and Boston University, as well as many other events throughout the Northeast, with several members winning best speaker accolades.

The Model United Nations club participates in academic discussions and intellectual forums throughout the Boston area, and has won several chapter awards

The History club discuses both historical and modern day events, and engages in trips to historical venues, and attends forums at local area universities.

Jr. ROTC

As of 2013 persons of Asian origin make up 92% of the cadets in the North Quincy High JROTC program.[8]

The 841st AFJROTC Unit has competed at many local and regional competitions, placing very frequently.[7]

Arts

The Art Club allows students to find and culture various skills, such as sculpting, drawing, and painting. The art is often displayed in local locations, such as the Thomas Crane Library and in school art shows.[7]

The NQHS Band participates in competition and performs at places such as Six Flags amusement park. It also participates in local parades and school concerts. It is also featured in the movie "Here Comes the Boom", featuring Kevin James.

The NQHS Choir consists of all the choir students in the school. They often perform in at least two shows a year. There is also the Select Choir, which is a more selective group of singers which perform at various competitions, including the Great East Festival. Many members have advanced to higher levels, including Regionals and States. The NQHS Choir also joins the band at Six Flags, once every two years.

The Drama Club gives students the opportunity to experience acting and tech crew experience. The Drama Club has put on many plays, including Flowers for Algernon, Leading Ladies, and Brighton Beach Memoirs. They also produce a musical every year, including The Music Man, Beauty and the Beast, All Shook Up, Into the Woods, The Sound Of Music, and, most recently, God spell.

The Hip Hop Club is a team of students who practice various dance forms, such as bboying, pop and lock, and freestyle. They often perform at the school rallies and performing arts night.

Community Service

There are many opportunities at North Quincy High to serve the local community and the surrounding area.[7]

The Interact Club, helped by the local Rotary Club, volunteers in many ways, ranging from serving pancake breakfasts in Retirement Homes to participating in the former Quincy Medical Center's Walk for Cancer.

The NQHS Pride Committee works to make sure that the school is a welcoming and supportive environment. They make efforts to ensure that the school can be a place where students' creativity and intelligence can expand, such as hosting a Freshman Orientation to make new freshmen feel welcome and to smooth over any worries they may have about their transition.

The Environmental Stewardship Club promotes renewability and a sense of duty to protect our planet and its resources. They run a consistent recycling operation throughout the whole school and participate in activities in aiding the environment, such as Earth Day and promoting Earth Hour.

The National Honor Society raises funds to donate to organizations that aid others in need and volunteers at various local organizations, such as EvenTide Nursing Home and Cradles to Crayons.

S.A.D.D. speaks out for making the healthy decisions in high school. It has brought many speakers to the school for students to gain wisdom from, including Rachael's Challenge, which has promoted an atmosphere and kindness and compassion to fellow students.

The Student Government runs events within the school and provides a structure for school wide student events, ranging from Junior and Senior Prom, to Fall and Spring Rallies. It also participates in helping the local community, such as penny drives and tab collection for the Shriners.

Thomas Jefferson Forum is another opportunity for students to participate in the community and aiding others. They often help with organizations, such as the Jimmy Fund, South Shore Community Health Center, Wang Center, and the Greater Boston Food Bank.

In 2013, Quincy Public Schools had launched a pilot for 11th and 12th graders participate in a graduation requirement for 20 hours of community service done before graduation. In June 2014, they announced that Community Service is now a graduation requirement for all Quincy and North Quincy High School Students. As of 2014, freshman must complete 40 hours of community service by graduation; sophomores, 30 hours; juniors, 20; and seniors 10 hours.

FIRST Robotics Team

The FIRST Robotics Team, Team HYPER 69, has placed every year in the quarterfinals. They have won many regionals, including UTC New England Regional, Southern California Regional, and the Boston Regional. It has also won many awards, including Rookie All-Star, Rockwell Automation Innovation in Control, General Motors Industrial Design Award, and the Creative Award by Xerox.[9]

Literary publications and discussions

The school has a literary magazine, which has four publications a year, giving general updates about the school year and celebrating the achievements of the school and its students. The Manet yearbook prepares and publishes a yearbook every year.[7]

There is also a book club in which members can discuss assigned books, discussing various plot points, author techniques, and enjoy the overall discussion and dissection of great literature.

Multicultural clubs

North Quincy High provides many clubs that relate to different cultures. It has an Asian Culture Club, French Club, Italian Club, and a Spanish Club, each promoting its culture and generating an awareness in the school for other cultures, including food tastings, movie festivals, and NQHS Multicultural Night, run by the Foreign Language Honor Society.[7]

Mascot controversy

The school mascot, "Mr. Yakoo", is a controversial caricature of NQHS alumnus and benefactor Alan Yacubian dressed as a Native American.[10] Yakoo was created by student Peter Fredericksen on November 29, 1957, when Yacubian was also a student.[2] Several complaints have been lodged over the years to change the mascot, and the school was investigated in the 1990s by civil rights officials from the federal Education Department, the Massachusetts Commission Against Discrimination and Quincy's municipal human rights commission, however the mascot was cleared of the accusations after extensive investigation.[11]

Exchange programs

Courses in French Italian, Spanish, Mandarin and Latin are offered. The foreign language department conducts two exchange programs that alternate each year. One program is between North Quincy High School Italian students and the Prima Maggiore Vittoria Collona Liceo Linguistico located in Arezzo, Italy. There is also an exchange program conducted between French students at NQHS and students at the Ste. Marie de Bourges School in Bourges, France. A trip to Spain is also coordinated by various Spanish teachers.

Notable alumni

Gallery

NQHS

The façade of North Quincy High School

NQHS new wing

The newer wing of the school, as seen from the North Quincy T station

NQHS old new

A side view of the school, showing the connection of the newer wing to the original structure

Notes and references

  1. ^ "North Quincy High". National Center for Education Statistics. Retrieved March 8, 2019.
  2. ^ a b "Quincy Public Schools Official web site". Archived from the original on 2007-02-24. Retrieved 2007-04-12.
  3. ^ Quincy, Mass. Historical and Architectural Survey
  4. ^ Burrell, Chris (April 23, 2015). "Demolitions loom as Quincy buys another house on Hunt Street". Quincy Patriot-Ledger. Retrieved 10 May 2016.
  5. ^ Encarnacao, Jack. "Quincy's Asian population surging" (Archive). The Patriot Ledger. March 23, 2011. Retrieved on September 8, 2015.
  6. ^ Seto, Rick (2008-11-18). "THEY ARE THE CHAMPS – AGAIN: North Quincy High girls volleyball team wins the state Division 1 title for the third time in four years". The Patriot Ledger. Retrieved 2008-11-28.
  7. ^ a b c d e f North Quincy High School Clubs Listing
  8. ^ Encarnacao, Jack. "Asian-American students drawn to military cadet program" (Archive). The Patriot Ledger. February 6, 2013. Retrieved on September 8, 2015.
  9. ^ FIRST Team HYPER 69 Official Website
  10. ^ Drake, John (2007-02-08). "Schools are asked what's in a name". The Boston Globe. Retrieved 2007-04-12.(subscription required)
  11. ^ Schoberg, Diana (2007-06-06). "COMING OF AGE: North Quincy High School's controversial mascot turns 50". Quincy Patriot Ledger. Retrieved 2008-07-11.
  12. ^ William R. Caddy biography
  13. ^ Brigadier General Charles W. Sweeney Official Air Force Biography

External links

Bob Gallagher (sportscaster)

Robert L. "Bob" Gallagher (? – July 3, 1977) was an American sportscaster and radio host who announced games for the Boston Patriots and Miami Dolphins.

Bruce Ayers

Bruce J. Ayers (born April 17, 1962 in Boston, Massachusetts) is an American small business owner and politician who represents the 1st Norfolk District in the Massachusetts House of Representatives and is a former member of the Quincy, Massachusetts City Council (1992–2000).

Dick Donovan

Richard Edward Donovan (December 27, 1927 – January 6, 1997) was an American Major League Baseball pitcher who played for the Boston Braves (1950–1952), Detroit Tigers (1954), Chicago White Sox (1955–1960), Washington Senators (1961) and Cleveland Indians (1962–1965). A Boston native, he graduated from North Quincy High School and served in the United States Navy during and after World War II.

Donovan batted left-handed and threw right-handed, stood 6 feet 3 inches (1.91 m) tall and weighed 190 pounds (86 kg). During a 15-year major league career, he compiled 122 wins, 880 strikeouts, and a 3.67 earned run average, with 101 complete games, 25 shutouts and five saves. In 2,017​1⁄3 career innings pitched, he allowed 1,988 hits and 495 bases on balls.

Donovan, as a member of the White Sox, led the 1957 American League in winning percentage, posting a 16–6 (.727) won-lost record. He pitched in the 1959 World Series against the Los Angeles Dodgers. He lost his only World Series start in Game 3, but saved Game 5 for the White Sox, and pitched in relief in Game 6, allowing two hits, three earned runs, walked one, and struck out none. In his only postseason appearance, he compiled 0 wins, 1 loss, 1 save, 5 strikeouts, and a 5.40 earned run average. At the plate in the Series, he went 1-3 (.333 batting average).

His 1962 season was his career-best, when he won 20 games in 34 games started with 16 complete games and five shutouts in 250​1⁄3 innings pitched, all of them new career-highs, for Cleveland. The previous season, 1961, had seen Donovan lead the American League in earned run average with a stellar 2.40 mark in 168​2⁄3 innings for the first-year expansion edition of the Senators.

Don Kent (meteorologist)

Donald Edward Kent (September 29, 1917 – March 2, 2010) was an American radio and television weather forecaster for several decades in the Boston, Massachusetts area. He was known as "Boston's first TV Weatherman."

Ken Coleman

Kenneth Robert "Ken" Coleman (April 22, 1925 – August 21, 2003) was an American radio and television sportscaster for more than four decades (from 1947 to 1989).

Coleman was born in Hartford, Connecticut in 1925, the son of William (a salesman) and his wife Frances. The family subsequently moved to Dorchester, Massachusetts, and then to Quincy, Massachusetts, where he was raised. He graduated from North Quincy High School in 1943. While in high school, he was a pitcher on the North Quincy High School baseball team, and subsequently played in the semi-pro Park League. But he had dreams of being a sports broadcaster from the time he was a boy, when he enjoyed listening to the games on radio. After serving in the army, where he was a sergeant during World War II, He took oratory courses for one year at Curry College, and then broke into broadcasting in Rutland, Vermont in 1947, working for station WSYB. He called the play-by-play of the minor league Rutland Royals baseball team. He also was a newscaster and a deejay on the station. He then was hired at hometown team WJDA in Quincy MA, where he worked as a sports reporter until 1951; he then worked for a year at WNEB in Worcester. During this time, he was broadcasting Boston University football. He received critical praise for his college football play-by-play, which led to his big break: in 1952, he got the opportunity to broadcast for the NFL Cleveland Browns (1952–1965), calling play-by-play of every touchdown that Hall of Fame running back Jim Brown ever scored. He also began his MLB broadcasting career in Cleveland, calling Cleveland Indians games on television for ten seasons (1954–1963). In his first year with the Indians, Coleman called their record-setting 111-win season and their World Series loss to the New York Giants.

In 1966, Coleman was chosen to become a play-by-play announcer for the Boston Red Sox, replacing Curt Gowdy, who resigned after fifteen years of calling Red Sox games, to become a play-by-play announcer for NBC. Coleman joined a broadcast team that also included Ned Martin and Mel Parnell. He signed a three-year contract that paid him $40,000 per year. Coleman broadcast the 1967 World Series (which the Red Sox lost to the St. Louis Cardinals) for NBC television and radio. From 1975 to 1978 Coleman worked with the Cincinnati Reds' television crew.

Coleman broadcast college football for various teams, including Ohio State, Harvard, and BU. He was the play-by-play announcer for the 1968 Harvard-Yale football game, a game that will be forever be remembered for the incredible Harvard comeback from a 16-point deficit to tie Yale at 29-29. He also called NFL games for NBC in the early 1970s, and later in his career called Connecticut and Fairfield basketball games for Connecticut Public Television.

After the legendary radio combination of Ned Martin and Jim Woods were fired for failing to follow the dictates of sponsors following the 1978 season, Coleman returned to Boston in 1979. He broadcast the Red Sox' 1986 World Series loss to the New York Mets and two Red Sox ALCS (1986 and 1988). Coleman remained in the Red Sox radio booth until his retirement in 1989.

Additionally, he wrote books on sportscasting, was one of the founding fathers of the Red Sox Booster Club and the BoSox Club, and was intimately involved with the Jimmy Fund, which raises money for cancer research.

Coleman followed the routine of taking a swim in the Atlantic Ocean as often as he could through the late fall and into the earliest days of spring, until his death.

He was the father of the late Cleveland sports and newscaster Casey Coleman, who died in 2006 from pancreatic cancer.

Coleman was inducted into the Boston Red Sox Hall of Fame on May 18, 2000 at the age of 75. He died three years later, aged 78, in Plymouth, Massachusetts, from complications of bacterial meningitis.In 1972, Coleman, along with Dick Stockton rotated play-by-play duties for New England Patriots preseason with no color commentators.

Mary Pratt (baseball)

Mary Pratt (born November 30, 1918) is a former pitcher who played from 1943 through 1947 in the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League. She batted and threw left-handed.

North Quincy

North Quincy may refer to one of the following places:

North Quincy (Quincy, Massachusetts) a neighborhood in Quincy, Massachusetts.

North Quincy station a station on the Red line subway

North Quincy High School

North Quincy, Illinois an unincorporated community located north of Quincy, Illinois

North Quincy (Quincy, Massachusetts)

North Quincy is a neighborhood of Quincy, Massachusetts. It is separated from the city of Boston by the Neponset River, and borders the Quincy neighborhoods of Squantum, Montclair and Wollaston. It contains the smaller neighborhoods of Atlantic (sometimes used as a synonym for North Quincy) and Norfolk Downs, as well as much of Wollaston Beach.

Pete Varney

Richard Fred "Pete" Varney Jr. (born April 10, 1949) is a retired American college baseball coach and a former professional baseball catcher. A graduate of Harvard College, he also played a notable role in the 1968 Yale vs. Harvard football game, in which Harvard roared back from a 29–13 deficit in the final 42 seconds of play to tie Yale, 29–29. Both teams were undefeated at the time.

Born in Roxbury, Massachusetts, Varney attended North Quincy High School and Deerfield Academy before enrolling at Harvard, where he played varsity football as well as baseball. In the 85th Harvard–Yale game on November 23, 1968, tight end Varney caught Frank Champi's pass for the two-point conversion in the final second to earn a tie, and a share of the Ivy League championship, with Yale. Although the famous game ended deadlocked, the furious comeback caused The Harvard Crimson to headline its game story, Harvard Beats Yale 29-29. A standout in baseball, Varney batted .370 over his three varsity seasons, still the third-highest batting average in Crimson baseball history, and was selected a first-team All-American.After being drafted six previous times by five different Major League Baseball teams, Varney signed with the Chicago White Sox after they selected him in the first round of the secondary phase of the 1971 Major League Baseball Draft following his graduation from Harvard. The 6 ft 3 in (1.91 m), 235 lb (107 kg) catcher began his professional career at the Double-A level of minor league baseball and made his Major League debut late in 1973, appearing in five games played and going hitless in four at bats. In his most successful season, 1975, Varney appeared in 36 games as the backup to regular ChiSox catcher Brian Downing, batting .271 in 107 at bats.

In 1976, Varney played sporadically for the White Sox during the season's first ten weeks, logging 43 plate appearances with ten hits and two bases on balls, but he did hit three of his five career MLB home runs during that stretch. On July 15, he was traded to the Atlanta Braves for pitcher Blue Moon Odom. He spent much of the rest of that season with the Triple-A Richmond Braves, coming to bat for Atlanta ten times, with one hit, a single.

All told, in 69 MLB games played, Varney batted .247, with seven doubles and one triple, along with his five homers.

Pete Varney retired from professional baseball after the 1977 minor league season. After three years of high school coaching in Templeton, Massachusetts, he became head baseball coach at Brandeis University. In 34 years as head coach of the Brandeis Judges he compiled a win-loss record of 705–528 (with six ties), and became the winningest Brandeis coach in any varsity sport. He announced his retirement effective June 30, 2015.

Plymouth South High School

Plymouth South High School, also known as Plymouth South, or PSHS, is a public high school located in Plymouth, Massachusetts. Its students are residents of the town of Plymouth. Plymouth South is one of two high schools in Plymouth, the other being Plymouth North High School. Plymouth South is located near the Long Pond neighborhood of Plymouth, west of Route 3 and The Pinehills development, and also adjacent to nearby Myles Standish State Forest, which is the biggest publicly owned recreation area in the South Shore region of Massachusetts, and also one of the biggest in the state. The school colors are Black, Teal and White and the school's teams are the Panthers.

Quincy, Massachusetts

Quincy ( KWIN-zee) is the largest city in Norfolk County, Massachusetts, United States. It is part of Metropolitan Boston and one of Boston's immediate southern suburbs. Its population in 2014 was 93,397, making it the eighth-largest city in the state. Known as the "City of Presidents," Quincy is the birthplace of two U.S. presidents—John Adams and his son John Quincy Adams—as well as John Hancock, a President of the Continental Congress and the first signer of the Declaration of Independence, as well as being the 1st and 3rd Governor of Massachusetts.

First settled in 1625, Quincy was briefly part of Dorchester and Boston before becoming the north precinct of Braintree in 1640. In 1792, Quincy was split off from Braintree; the new town was named after Colonel John Quincy, maternal grandfather of Abigail Adams and after whom John Quincy Adams was also named. Quincy became a city in 1888.

For more than a century, Quincy was home to a thriving granite industry; the city was also the site of the Granite Railway, the United States' first commercial railroad. Shipbuilding at the Fore River Shipyard was another key part of the city's economy. In the 20th century, both Howard Johnson's and Dunkin' Donuts were founded in the city.

Quincy High School

Quincy High School may refer to one of several schools in the United States:

Quincy High School (Massachusetts) in Quincy, Massachusetts

North Quincy High School in Quincy, Massachusetts

Quincy High School (Michigan) in Quincy, Michigan

Quincy High School (Washington) in Quincy, Washington

Quincy Junior-Senior High School in Quincy, California

Quincy Notre Dame High School in Quincy, Illinois

Quincy Senior High School in Quincy, Illinois

Quincy High School (Massachusetts)

Quincy High School (QHS) is a public secondary school located on Coddington Street in Quincy, Massachusetts. It doubles as one of two high schools in the city of Quincy and as the vocational center. Quincy's mascot is known as the 'Presidents' and their school colors are Blue & White.

Quincy Public Schools

Quincy Public Schools (QPS) is a school district that manages schools in Quincy, Massachusetts, USA. The superintendent is Richard DeCristofaro, Sr. It serves a population of approximately 93,000, of whom approx. 11% are school age.

Scotty Whitelaw

Robert M. 'Scotty' Whitelaw (1927 - April 2, 2016) was an American athlete, baseball coach and long serving Commissioner of the Eastern College Athletic Conference.Born in Quincy, Mass, he played football and other sports for North Quincy High School and Springfield College.In addition to serving as the ECAC Commissioner from 1971 to 1989, he also was the Executive Director of the National Invitation Tournament and baseball coach & assistant athletic director for MIT.

Thomas Crane Public Library

The Thomas Crane Public Library (TCPL) is a city library in Quincy, Massachusetts. It is noted for its architecture. It was funded by the Crane family as a memorial to Thomas Crane, a wealthy stone contractor who got his start in the Quincy quarries. The Thomas Crane Library has the second largest municipal collection in Massachusetts after the Boston Public Library.

In fiscal year 2008, the city of Quincy spent 1.41% ($2,690,878) of its budget on the library—some $29 per person.

Thomas P. Koch

Thomas P. Koch (born January 22, 1963), is the thirty-third and current mayor of Quincy, Massachusetts.

Will Murray

William Murray (born 1953) is an American novelist, journalist, and short-story and comic-book writer. Much of his fiction has been published under pseudonyms. With artist Steve Ditko he co-created the superhero Squirrel Girl.

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