North Jeolla Province

North Jeolla Province (Korean전라북도; Hanja全羅北道; Jeollabuk-do; Korean pronunciation: [tɕʌl.la.buk̚.t͈o]), also known as Jeonbuk, is a province of South Korea. North Jeolla has a population of 1,869,711 (2015) and has a geographic area of 8,067 km2 (3,115 sq mi) located in the Honam region in the southwest of the Korean Peninsula. North Jeolla borders the provinces of South Jeolla to the south, North Gyeongsang and South Gyeongsang to the east, North Chungcheong to the northeast, and South Chungcheong to the north.

Jeonju is the capital and largest city of North Jeolla, with other major cities including Iksan, Gunsan, and Jeongeup.

North Jeolla was established in 1896 from the province of Jeolla, one of the Eight Provinces of Korea, consisting of the northern half of its mainland territory. North Jeolla was known as Zenra-hoku Prefecture during the Japanese Colonial Period from 1910 and became part of South Korea following the division of Korea in 1945.

North Jeolla Province

전라북도
Korean transcription(s)
 • McCune‑ReischauerChŏllabuk-to
 • Revised RomanizationJeollabuk-do
Official logo of North Jeolla Province

Location of North Jeolla Province
CountrySouth Korea
RegionHonam
CapitalJeonju
Subdivisions6 cities; 8 counties
Government
 • GovernorSong Ha-jin (Democratic)
Area
 • Total8,067 km2 (3,115 sq mi)
Area rank7th
Population
 (December, 2015)
 • Total1,869,711
 • Density232/km2 (600/sq mi)
Metropolitan Symbols
 • FlowerZinnia
 • TreeGinkgo
 • BirdMagpie
ISO 3166 codeKR-45
DialectJeolla
WebsiteEnglish Official site Travel Information

History

During the Proto-Three Kingdoms period, Jeolla region was the center of the Mahan confederacy among Samhan. There were 15 tribal countries out of 54 in the region. During the period of the Three States, this region came to belong to Baekje when it absorbed Mahan. Baekje was destroyed by the Silla and Chinese Tang dynasty allied force in 660 (20th year of King Uija) and ruled by Tang. It became a part of Silla when Tang was expelled in 676 (16th year of King Munmu).

When there were nine states and five small capitals in Unified Silla in 685, there were Wansan-ju (present Jeonju) and Namwon-gyeong (present Namwon) in Jeollabuk-do in existence.

In 892, when General Gyeon Hwon founded Hubaekje (later Baekje), this area was the center of the country for about 50 years. In 936, during the rule of Singeom, it was attributed to Goryeo Dynasty. From 900 to the time when Hubaekje was attributed to Goryeo, Wansan-ju (present Jeonju) had been its capital, and the country ruled the whole Jeolla-do region.

In 996 (14th year of King Sungjong), this region was named Gangnam province and the Korean government established the four states (Jeonju-Jeonju, Yeongju-Gobu, Sunju-Sunchang, and Maju-Okgu) in the North Jeolla region.

Gangnam-do (Jeonbuk) and Haenam-do (Jeonnam) were combined and titled as Jeolla-do in 1018 (9th year of King Hyeonjong's reign).

During the Joseon Dynasty, as the administrative districts of the whole nation were organized in the Eight Provinces system in 1413 (13th year of King Taejong's reign), Jeolla-do took charge of vast areas of one prefecture, four autonomous counties, four protectorates, 12 counties, and 31 counties covering present Jeollanam-do, Jeollabuk-do and Jeju-do.

In 1896 (33rd year of King Gojong's reign), the whole country was divided into 13 provinces. Jeolla-do was divided into Jeollanam-do and Jeollabuk-do. Jeollabuk-do consisted of 26 counties.

In 1963, Geumsan-gun was incorporated into Chungnam, and Wido-myeon of Jeonnam was incorporated into Jeonbuk. Jeongju-eup and Namwon-eup were raised to cities in 1981 and Gimje-eup was raised to city status in 1989. Wansan-gu and Deokjin-gu were established in Jeonju-city in the same year.

Due to establishment of cities in the mixed type of city-farming area in 1995, Okgu, Jeungeup, Namwon, Gimje and Iksan-Guns were combined. Gimje and Iksan-guns were merged and Gunsan, Jeonju, Namwon, Gimje and Iri cities were integrated. Through repeated reorganizations of administrative districts, now the region consists of the administrative districts of six cities and eight counties.

Geography

Jeollabuk-do is in the west-southern part of Korea, bordered on the east-southern by Hadong-gun, Hamyang-gun, and Geochang-gun of Gyeongnam, and Gimcheon-si of Gyeongbuk, Bangyabong Peak of Sobaek Mountain (1,732m), Toggibong Peak (1,534m), Myeongseungbong Peak (1,586m), Baekwoonsan Mountain (1,279m), Namdeokyusan Mountain (1,508m), and Muyongsan Mountain (1,492m), on the south by Yeongwang-gun, Jangseong-gun, Damyang-gun, Gokseong-gun, and Gure-gun, on the north by Geumsan-gun, Nonsan-si, Buyeo -gun, and Seocheon-gun of Choongnam, and Yeongdong-gun of Choongbuk, and on the west by China over the Yellow Sea.

The total area of Jeollabuk-do is 8,067 square kilometres (3,115 sq mi), which accounts for 8.1% of the total area of South Korea.

Festivals[1]

Jeonju International Sori Festival

Jeonju International Sori Festival is a high-quality worldwide music art festival based on Pansori, Korea's Intangible Cultural Heritage. It is designed to promote Korean music to the world and exchange diverse musical heritages of many nations though sounds as meditation. The festival was selected as one of the "Best 25 International Festivals" by the UK music magazine Songlines in 2012 and 2013.[2]

Jeollabuk-do World Calligraphy Biennale

The Jeollabuk-do World Calligraphy Biennale was launched in favor of popularizing and globalizing Korean calligraphy in 1997. Since then, the art of calligraphy, the quintessence of Chinese character culture in East Asia, has gained global interest among calligraphers and the public over the years.[3]

Transportation and industry

In the 1960s the Honam highway (which has been upgraded to the Honam Expressway) was built. This created an industrial belt, connecting the cities of Iri (now called Iksan) and Gunsan (a port city) with the provincial capital of Jeonju.

Public transportation networks serve Jeonju and other cities in Jeollabuk-do including Gunsan Airport.[4]

  • Jeju International Airport → Gunsan Airport: twice a day / 50-minute flight
  • Gunsan Airport → Jeonju: Airport shuttle service / 1 hour running
  • Gunsan intercity bus service for other cities and counties

Religion

Religion in North Jeolla (2005)

  Korean folk religion or not religious (49.5%)
  Protestantism (26.3%)
  Buddhism (12.8%)
  Catholicism (11.4%)

According to the census of 2005[5] of the people of North Jeolla 37.7% follow Christianity (26.3% Protestantism and 11.4% Catholicism) and 12.8% follow Buddhism. 49.5% of the population is mostly not religious or follow Muism and other indigenous religions.

International sisterhood relationships and partnerships

Administrative divisions

Map # Name Hangul Hanja Population (2016.12) Subdivisions
North Jeolla Municipal
Specific City
1 Jeonju 전주시 全州市 651,744 2 ilban-gu — 33 haengjeong-dong
City
2 Iksan 익산시 益山市 300,479 1 eup, 14 myeon, 14 haengjeong-dong
3 Gunsan 군산시 群山市 277,551 1 eup, 10 myeon, 16 haengjeong-dong
4 Jeongeup 정읍시 井邑市 115,173 1 eup, 14 myeon, 8 haengjeong-dong
5 Gimje 김제시 金堤市 87,782 1 eup, 14 myeon, 4 haengjeong-dong
6 Namwon 남원시 南原市 84,188 1 eup, 15 myeon, 7 haengjeong-dong
County
7 Wanju County 완주군 完州郡 95,480 3 eup, 10 myeon
8 Gochang County 고창군 高敞郡 60,597 1 eup, 13 myeon
9 Buan County 부안군 扶安郡 57,005 1 eup, 12 myeon
10 Sunchang County 순창군 淳昌郡 29,949 1 eup, 10 myeon
11 Imsil County 임실군 任實郡 30,197 1 eup, 11 myeon
12 Muju County 무주군 茂朱郡 24,949 1 eup, 5 myeon
13 Jinan County 진안군 鎭安郡 26,069 1 eup, 10 myeon
14 Jangsu County 장수군 長水郡 23,628 1 eup, 6 myeon

Tourism

See also

References

  1. ^ skoinfo. "Jeollabuk-do". en.jeonbuk.go.kr. Retrieved 18 March 2018.
  2. ^ "2018 전주세계소리축제 (2018.10.03~10.07)". www.sorifestival.com. Retrieved 18 March 2018.
  3. ^ 세계서예전북비엔날레. :: 세계서예전북비엔날레::. www.biennale.or.kr.
  4. ^ Official site http://en.jeonbuk.go.kr/index.jeonbuk?menuCd=DOM_000000204001000000
  5. ^ census 2005 http://www.census.go.kr/dat/ysr/ysrList.do?q_menu=5&q_sub=7

External links

Coordinates: 35°49′N 127°09′E / 35.817°N 127.150°E

Bokbunja-ju

Bokbunjaju (복분자주; 覆盆子酒), also called bokbunja wine, is a Korean fruit wine made from wild and/or cultivated bokbunja (Korean black raspberry). It is produced in Gochang County, Jeollabuk-do, in Damyang, Jeollanam-do, and in Jeju Island, South Korea. It is made by fermenting berries with water. Some varieties also contain rice and jicho herb.The wine is deep red in color and moderately sweet. It ranges between 15% and 19% alcohol by volume, depending on the brand. It is believed to be healthful and to promote male sexual stamina.Since 2008, South Korean scientists have searched for ways to utilize bokbunja seeds, which are a by-product of bokbunja ju production. The carbonized seeds can be used as potential adsorbent for industrial dye removal from wastewaters.

Buan County

Buan County (Buan-gun) is a county in North Jeolla Province, South Korea. It is bounded by the city of Jeongeup on the east, the county of Gochang on the south, the city of Gimje on the north, and Yellow Sea on the west. Buan is divided into 1 eup, 12 myeon, and 510 ri. Buan had a 2001 estimated population of 74,716 people and a 2018 population of 54,441 people with an area of 493.35km2. Famous people from Buan include Joseon Dynasty kisaeng and poet, Yi Mae-chang. Like many rural areas in southern Korea, it has seen shrinking population with many younger people moving north to larger cities such as Seoul. This county should not be confused with Muan, the new capital of South Jeolla Province.

Gimje

Gimje (Gimje-si) is a city in North Jeolla Province, South Korea.

Gochang County

Gochang County (Gochang-gun) is a county in North Jeolla Province, South Korea. It is a rural area, and is home to only one institution of higher education: Gochang Polytechnic College.

Famous people from Gochang include the 20th-century poet Midang.

The temple of Seonunsa is also located in Gochang.

The Gochang Dolmens located in Maesan village are listed as a UNESCO World Heritage site and Historic Site #391.

Gunsan Airport

Gunsan Airport (Korean: 군산공항; Hanja: 群山空港) (IATA: KUV, ICAO: RKJK) is an airport serving Gunsan, a city in the North Jeolla Province in South Korea. In 2011, 172,327 passengers used the airport. It shares its runway with Kunsan Air Base, which uses the same IATA and ICAO codes.

Iksan

Iksan (Korean: 익산; Korean pronunciation: [ik.s͈an]) is a city and major railway junction in North Jeolla Province, (commonly transliterated as Jeollabuk-do or Chollabuk-do) South Korea.

The city center and railway junction was formerly called "Iri" (Korean: 이리시; Hanja: 裡里市; RR: Iri-si), but merged with Iksan County (Iksan-gun) in 1995.

The railway junction is located at the point where Jeolla, Janghang and Gunsan Lines meet the Honam Line and is served by frequent train service to/from Seoul, Daejeon, Gwangju, Mokpo, Jeonju, Suncheon, and Yeosu.

Jeonbuk National University Iksan campus (before, it was Iksan National College), the Won Buddhism Graduate School, Wonkwang Health Science College, and Wonkwang University are all located in Iksan.

This city is called “The City of Jewelry." The Iksan Jewelry Museum opened in May 2002 next to a Dinosaur museum.

In late November 2006, Korean authorities quarantined a farm in Iksan and began culling poultry and livestock within a 3-kilometer radius to contain an outbreak of the H5N1 bird flu virus.Local tradition includes the story of Seodong and Seonhwa, which was broadcast in 2005~2006 as "Sedongyo" and is also dramatized in the 'Paradise in Autumn Festival.'

Festivals with various themes are held in Iksan, all reflecting local history and culture. These include:

10,000,000 Chrysanthemum Festival (held in October/November)

Iksan Jewelry Expo

Seodong Festival

Stone Culture Festival

Janghang Line

The Janghang Line is a railway line serving South Chungcheong Province in South Korea. The line connects Cheonan (on the Gyeongbu Line) to the railway junction city of Iksan. The Janghang Line is served by frequent Saemaeul-ho and Mugunghwa-ho passenger train services between Seoul and Iksan. There is also a link from Asan Station to the KTX network at Cheonan-Asan Station.

Jangsu County

Jangsu County (Jangsu-gun) is a county in North Jeolla Province, South Korea. It is well known for Jangsu-Galbi.

Jeonbuk Hyundai Motors FC

Jeonbuk Hyundai Motors (Korean: 전북 현대 모터스) is a professional football club based in North Jeolla Province, South Korea. Jeonbuk play at the Jeonju World Cup Stadium in Jeonju, the capital city of the province. Jeonbuk has won the K League six times, first in 2009. They have also won the Korean FA Cup three times, in 2000, 2003 and 2005. The club has won the AFC Champions League twice, first in 2006, becoming the first club from East Asia to win the tournament since the AFC Champions League was launched in its current format in 2003, and for a time being the only team in the world to have become continental champions without ever having won a domestic title. This title guaranteed Jeonbuk's participation in the FIFA Club World Cup in December 2006. They won the second title in 2016.

The club's color is green which is also the color of North Jeolla Province. It's South Korea's most successful football club up to date.

Jeongeup

Jeongeup (Korean pronunciation: [tɕʌŋ.ɯp̚]), also known as Jeongeup-si, is a city in North Jeolla Province, South Korea. The city limits include Naejang-san National Park, a popular destination particularly in autumn due to its foliage. Jeongeup is on the Honam Expressway and Honam Line, with the Seohaean Expressway also within easy reach, providing links to Seoul and Mokpo.

Jeonju

Jeonju (Korean pronunciation: [tɕʌn.dʑu]) is the 16th largest city in South Korea and the capital of North Jeolla Province. It is both urban and rural due to the closeness of Wanju County which almost entirely surrounds Jeonju (Wanju County has many residents who work in Jeonju). The name Jeonju literally means "Perfect Region" (from the hanja 全 (전; jeon) for perfect, 州 (주; ju) for region). It is an important tourist center famous for Korean food, historic buildings, sports activities, and innovative festivals.

In May 2012, Jeonju was chosen as a Creative Cities for Gastronomy as part of UNESCO's Creative Cities Network. This honour recognizes the city's traditional home cooking handed down over thousands of years, its active public and private food research, a system of nurturing talented chefs, and its hosting of distinctive food festivals.

Jeonju World Cup Stadium

Jeonju World Cup Stadium is a football stadium in the South Korean city of Jeonju. It is the home of Jeonbuk Hyundai Motors. The stadium's capacity is 42,477. The final of 2011 AFC Champions League was held at this stadium.

Jin Hee-kyung

Jin Hee-kyung (born September 7, 1968) is a South Korean actress.

Namwon Station

Namwon Station is a KTX station in the city of Namwon, North Jeolla Province, on the southern coast of South Korea. It is on the Jeolla Line.

Ssangbangwool Raiders

Ssangbangwool Raiders Baseball Club (Korean: 쌍방울 레이더스 야구단) was a Korea Professional Baseball team founded in 1990. They were based in the North Jeolla Province and were members of the Korea Baseball Organization.

Sunchang County

Sunchang County (Sunchang-gun) is a county in North Jeolla Province, South Korea. It is located in a mountainous region of the province and is connected to the city of Jeonju by a modern double-lane free-way that was completed in 2011.

Sunchang's claim to fame is its red pepper paste, or gochujang, which is supposed to be distinct from other recipes. The governor of the county puts his personal seal of approval on it to make it authentic Sunchang Gochujang.

Famous people from Sunchang include Unification Minister Chung Dong-young, who was born there.

Wonkwang University

Wonkwang University is a university located in Iksan, South Korea. Founded as Youilhakrim (유일학림) in 1946, it is one of the few academies affiliated with Won Buddhism. Yuilhakrim was succeeded by Wonkwang Junior College (원광초급대학) on 5 November 1951, and gained college status on 29 January 1953. The Postgraduate School was opened in 1967, and in 1971 it gained university status.The university is known for its diverse medical courses: western medicine, dentistry, pharmacy, traditional Korean medicine, and traditional Korean pharmacy. Beside medical courses, the school is well known for its specialised courses such as police administration, fire service administration, and law school.Wonkwang University is one of the two only schools in South Korea that have courses for antiques restoration.

Woosuk University

Woosuk University (WU; Hangul:우석대학교, Hanja: 又石大學校, RR:Woosuk Daehakgyo) is a private university located in Wanju gun, North Jeolla Province and Jincheon gun, North Chungcheong Province, Republic of Korea.

Yewon Arts University

Yewon Arts University is a private university located in Imsil County, North Jeolla province, South Korea. Undergraduate courses of study include painting, jewelry design, cultural product design, visual imaging, animation, music, dance, comedy, and cultural property preservation, as well as e-business and leisure studies. Campus facilities include a library and broadcasting facility. The dormitory is located in neighboring Jeonju City.

Places adjacent to North Jeolla Province
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