North Andover, Massachusetts

North Andover is a town in Essex County, Massachusetts, United States. At the 2010 census the population was 28,352.[2]

North Andover, Massachusetts
Lake Cochichewick from the north
Lake Cochichewick from the north
Official seal of North Andover, Massachusetts

Seal
Motto(s): 
A Town for All Seasons
Location in Essex County and the state of Massachusetts.
Location in Essex County and the state of Massachusetts.
Coordinates: 42°41′55″N 71°08′08″W / 42.69861°N 71.13556°WCoordinates: 42°41′55″N 71°08′08″W / 42.69861°N 71.13556°W
CountryUnited States
StateMassachusetts
CountyEssex
Settled1644
Incorporated[1]1855
Government
 • TypeOpen town meeting
 • Town ModeratorMark DiSalvo
 • Board of
   Selectmen
Regina Kean, Chair
Phil DeCologero, Clerk
Chris Nobile
Richard Vaillancourt
Rosemary Smedile
Area
 • Total27.8 sq mi (71.9 km2)
 • Land26.3 sq mi (68.1 km2)
 • Water1.4 sq mi (3.7 km2)
Elevation
75 ft (23 m)
Population
 (2017)
 • Total31,013
 • Density1,100/sq mi (430/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (Eastern)
ZIP code
01845
Area code(s)978
FIPS code25-46365
GNIS feature ID0618306
WebsiteNorth Andover, Massachusetts, Official Web Site

History

North Andover is a town in Essex County, Massachusetts. The lands south of the Merrimack River around Lake Cochichewick and the Shawsheen River were set aside by the Massachusetts General Court in 1634 for the purpose of creating an inland plantation. The Cochichewick Plantation, as it was called, was purchased on May 6, 1646 when Reverend John Woodbridge, who had settled the land for the English, paid Pennacook chief Cutshmache six pounds and a coat for the lands.[3] The plantation was then incorporated as Andover, most likely in honor of the hometown of many early residents, Andover, Hampshire, England. The town was centered in what is now North Andover, but the spread of settlement south and west of the old town center created much conflict in the early years about the location of the parish church. In 1709, the matter was brought to the General Court, which set aside two parish churches, north and south.[4] The parishes grew apart as the years went on and on April 7, 1855, the North parish separated from the south and was incorporated as North Andover.

There are several first period (pre-1720) houses still standing in town. The oldest house is probably the Bridges House, relocated from Marbleridge Road to Court Street in 2001; the original portion of this house probably dates to about 1690. Other first period houses include the Stevens House on Great Pond Road; the Faulkner House on Appleton Street; the Abiel Stevens House on Salem Street; the Parson Barnard House, which is a museum; a house on Andover Street near the intersection with Chickering Road; and the Carlton-Frie-Tucker House[5] at 140 Mill Road. No house in North Andover has been scientifically dated by dendrochronology, so dates are based solely on stylistic elements, original deeds, and tradition.

The North Parish Church on the North Andover Green is a historic church building built in 1836.[6] It was the 5th meetinghouse of the Puritan church congregation founded in 1645 in North Andover. In about 1836 the congregation chose to become a Unitarian church and commissioned this Gothic building.

North Andover's development was varied, with much of the land along the Shawsheen and Merrimack being concerned with industry, and the lands southwest being more agricultural. Several mills were located in the town, as well as the Western Electric Company, AT&T's manufacturing division, which supplied telephone machinery for many years before it was split up by AT&T into the new company, Lucent Technologies. Today North Andover is considered a bedroom community of the greater Boston area.

In January 2018, voters turned down a proposal for a cannabis-growing and research facility in the former Lucent Technologies building, along the Merrimack River. The town meeting vote was 1,430 against having recreational marijuana facilities and 1,155 voted in favor. The growing and research facility would have brought the town $100 million over a 20-year period.[7]

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 27.8 square miles (71.9 km2), of which 26.3 square miles (68.1 km2) is land and 1.4 square miles (3.7 km2), or 5.18%, is water.[8] The town lies to the south of the Merrimack River, which makes up part of its northwest boundary, along with the Shawsheen River. The northeast quadrant of town is dominated by Lake Cochichewick, which is also bordered by the Osgood Hill Reservation, Weir Hill Reservation and the Reas Pond Conservation Area. The town also is home to portions of Harold Parker State Forest, Boxford State Forest and the Charles W. Ward Reservation. There are many brooks, streams and ponds dotting the town.

North Andover lies in the northwestern portion of Essex County, with a small corner of the town bordering Middlesex County. It is bordered by Andover to the west, Lawrence to the north, Haverhill to the northeast, Boxford to the east, Middleton to the southeast, and North Reading to the southwest. North Andover's Old Center, which is closer to the geographic center of town than its newer town center, is located 3.5 miles (5.6 km) southeast of Lawrence's city center, and is 25 miles (40 km) north of Boston and 30 miles (48 km) southeast of Manchester, New Hampshire.

A small portion of Interstate 495 crosses through town along the Lawrence border, with one exit within town and two more providing access to the highway. The town lies along Massachusetts Route 114, known as the "Salem Turnpike," and is also served by Route 125 and Route 133, which are concurrent for much of their routes within town. The town is partially served by the Merrimack Valley Regional Transit Authority bus line. The nearest train station is located in Lawrence, where the Lawrence stop along the Haverhill/Reading Line of the MBTA Commuter Rail lies. (The line actually passes through the town along the Merrimack, but there is no stop.) North Andover is also home to the Lawrence Municipal Airport, providing small aircraft service to the region. The nearest national service, at Logan International Airport and Manchester-Boston Regional Airport, is within a thirty-mile ride of the town.

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±%
18602,343—    
18702,549+8.8%
18803,217+26.2%
18903,742+16.3%
19004,243+13.4%
19105,529+30.3%
19206,265+13.3%
19306,961+11.1%
19407,524+8.1%
19508,485+12.8%
196010,908+28.6%
197016,284+49.3%
198020,129+23.6%
199022,792+13.2%
200027,202+19.3%
201028,352+4.2%
* = population estimate. Source: United States Census records and Population Estimates Program data.[9][10][11][12][13][14][15][16][17]

As of the census[18] of 2000, there were 27,202 people, 9,724 households, and 6,904 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,020.7 inhabitants per square mile (394.1/km2). There were 9,943 housing units at an average density of 373.1 per square mile (144.1/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 93.67% White, 0.72% African American, 0.05% Native American, 3.96% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.74% from other races, and 0.85% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.99% of the population.

There were 9,724 households out of which 36.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.2% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.0% were non-families. 25.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.16.

In the town, the population was spread out with 25.5% under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 29.1% from 25 to 44, 22.6% from 45 to 64, and 13.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.1 males.

According to a 2007 estimate,[19] the median income for a household in the town was $87,076, and the median income for a family was $113,796. Males had a median income of $66,793 versus $38,495 for females. The per capita income for the town was $34,335. 2.9% of the population and 2.1% of families were below the poverty line. 2.7% of those under the age of 18 and 4.1% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.

Government and infrastructure

North Andover employs the open town meeting form of government, and is led by a five-member board of selectmen and a town manager, Andrew Maylor.[20] The town has its own police and fire departments, EMS, public works, and a senior center. North Andover has no hospital, the nearest being Lawrence General Hospital. It is located within the Boston media market, and is served by the Lawrence Eagle-Tribune newspaper.

On the state level, the town is served by Essex County services, and is patrolled by the First Barracks of Troop A of the Massachusetts State Police, based in Andover. North Andover lies in two districts, the Fourteenth Essex and Eighteenth Essex, in the Massachusetts House of Representatives, and the First Essex and First Essex and Middlesex in the Massachusetts Senate. North Andover is located within Massachusetts's 6th congressional district, and has been served by Representative Seth Moulton (D) since 2015. Massachusetts' senior Senator is Elizabeth Warren (D), and its junior Senator is Ed Markey (D), both in office since 2013. North Andover has no mayor, but, until his death in 2006, William P McEvoy, the director of recreation, was known as the "unofficial mayor".

Old Center of North Andover Massachusetts in 2016
An aerial view of the North Andover Old Center showing the North Parish of North Andover Unitarian Universalist Church.

Education

North Andover is home to its own school system. It has an early childhood center, six elementary schools (Atkinson Elementary, Franklin Elementary, Kittredge Elementary, Annie L. Sargent Elementary, Thomson Elementary and Saint Michaels Parish. ), North Andover Middle School and North Andover High School. On May 16, 2017, the citizens of North Andover approved the expansion of the early childhood center. It is anticipated that the new kindergarten center will be ready to open for the 2018-2019 school year. The primary reason behind this expansion was to reduce elementary class size. [21] As of 2004, a brand new high school and complete sporting complex including a football field, a soccer field, field hockey greens, and a lacrosse field have been added. There is a complete track and field area and numerous tennis courts. North Andover's mascot is the Scarlet Knight, its colors are scarlet and black and it competes in the Merrimack Valley Conference [22] and Division II of the MIAA. Its main rival is Masconomet Regional High School, although it plays Andover High School in the annual Thanksgiving Day football game. High school students from North Andover are also allowed to attend Greater Lawrence Technical School in Andover. There are several private schools in North Andover, including the Brooks School, Meritor Academy (an early learning school) and Saint Michael's Elementary School. The nearest Catholic high schools, Austin Preparatory School (6-12), Central Catholic High School (9-12), and Presentation of Mary Academy (9-12), are located in the nearby towns of Reading, Lawrence and Methuen, respectively. North Andover is also home to Merrimack College, a Catholic Augustinian four-year college. The nearest public community college, based in Haverhill, is Northern Essex Community College, which also has a campus in Lawrence and a Corporate & Community Education Center in North Andover. The nearest public university is University of Massachusetts Lowell (UMass Lowell).

Recreation

Residents can purchase a discounted summer pass to Steven's Pond where they can go swimming for the day. Nearby Weir Hill offers trails for hiking, walking, biking, and views of the surrounding area.

Many events are held at the old common, including the sheep shearing festival in late spring and various summer activities for children and adults.

Harold Parker State Forest offers 25 miles (40 km) of trails, a campground, and a freshwater swimming beach. Other activities include horseback riding, camping, fishing, hunting, mountain biking, and hiking. In September there is also an annual fishing tournament.

Boxford State Forest is also located in town, and is home to the Sharpner's Pond Anti-Ballistic Missile Site.

The Col. John Osgood House, a historic house, is also in North Andover.

2018 gas leaks and explosions

On September 13, 2018, several gas lines suffered leakage due to high pressure in the tubes of Columbia Gas of Massachusetts, a subsidiary of NiSource. As a result, several fires and explosions occurred, homes were evacuated.[23]

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ [1] Archived August 24, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): North Andover town, Essex County, Massachusetts". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved September 5, 2012.
  3. ^ Sprague, William Buell (1859). Annals of the American pulpit. 1. R. Carter and brothers. p. 129. Retrieved 2015-04-16.
  4. ^ Bailey, Sarah Loring (1880). Historical Sketches of Andover (comprising the Present Towns of North Andover and Andover), Massachusetts. Houghton, Mifflin. Retrieved 2018-01-24.
  5. ^ "NRHP nomination for Carlton-Frie-Tucker House". Commonwealth of Massachusetts. Retrieved 2015-08-05.
  6. ^ "North Parish Church - Photographs & History". www.nearchitecture.com. Retrieved 4 April 2018.
  7. ^ Adams, Dan (2018-01-31). "North Andover rejects proposal for pot farm". The Boston Globe. Retrieved 2018-01-31.
  8. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): North Andover town, Essex County, Massachusetts". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved September 5, 2012.
  9. ^ "TOTAL POPULATION (P1), 2010 Census Summary File 1, All County Subdivisions within Massachusetts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 13, 2011.
  10. ^ "Massachusetts by Place and County Subdivision - GCT-T1. Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  11. ^ "1990 Census of Population, General Population Characteristics: Massachusetts" (PDF). US Census Bureau. December 1990. Table 76: General Characteristics of Persons, Households, and Families: 1990. 1990 CP-1-23. Archived from the original (PDF) on December 7, 2013. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  12. ^ "1980 Census of the Population, Number of Inhabitants: Massachusetts" (PDF). US Census Bureau. December 1981. Table 4. Populations of County Subdivisions: 1960 to 1980. PC80-1-A23. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  13. ^ "1950 Census of Population" (PDF). 1: Number of Inhabitants. Bureau of the Census. 1952. Section 6, Pages 21-10 and 21-11, Massachusetts Table 6. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1930 to 1950. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  14. ^ "1920 Census of Population" (PDF). Bureau of the Census. Number of Inhabitants, by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions. Pages 21-5 through 21-7. Massachusetts Table 2. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1900, 1910, and 1920. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  15. ^ "1890 Census of the Population" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. Pages 179 through 182. Massachusetts Table 5. Population of States and Territories by Minor Civil Divisions: 1880 and 1890. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  16. ^ "1870 Census of the Population" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1872. Pages 217 through 220. Table IX. Population of Minor Civil Divisions, &c. Massachusetts. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  17. ^ "1860 Census" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1864. Pages 220 through 226. State of Massachusetts Table No. 3. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  18. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  19. ^ "American FactFinder". Factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2013-01-23.
  20. ^ Town of North Andover, MA (2004-05-03). "Town of North Andover, MA - Town Manager". Townofnorthandover.com. Retrieved 2013-01-23.
  21. ^ "ECC Expansion FAQs - North Andover Public Schools". www.northandoverpublicschools.com. Retrieved 4 April 2018.
  22. ^ Pevear, David. "Kickoff '12: A call to arms - Lowell Sun Online". Lowellsun.com. Retrieved 2013-01-23.
  23. ^ "Gas explosions hit Massachusetts homes". BBC News. 2018-09-14. Retrieved 2018-09-15.

External links

Historical maps

Brooks School

Brooks School is a private, co-educational, preparatory, secondary school in North Andover, Massachusetts on the shores of Lake Cochichewick.

Charles A. Stevens

Charles Abbot Stevens (August 9, 1816 – April 7, 1892) was a U.S. Representative from Massachusetts, brother of Moses Tyler Stevens and cousin of Isaac Ingalls Stevens.

Christina Minicucci

Christina Minicucci is a State Representative who represents the 14th Essex District in the Massachusetts House of Representatives. She represents the towns of Haverhill, Lawrence, Methuen, and North Andover. Minicucci serves on the House Committee on Steering, Policy and Scheduling, Joint Committee on Community Development and Small Businesses, Joint Committee on Municipalities and Regional Government, and the Joint Committee on Public Safety and Homeland Security.

Cochichewick River

The Cochichewick River, also known as Cochichewick Brook, is a 1.6-mile-long (2.6 km) stream in North Andover, Massachusetts, that drains water from Lake Cochichewick into the Merrimack River.

George B. Loring

George Bailey Loring (November 8, 1817 – September 14, 1891) was a Member of the United States House of Representatives from Massachusetts.

Jake Burton Carpenter

Jake Burton Carpenter (born April 29, 1954 in New York City), also known as Jake Burton, is an American snowboarder and founder of Burton Snowboards and one of the inventors of the modern day snowboard. He grew up in Cedarhurst, New York.

Jamie Hagerman

Jamison Patten Hagerman (born May 7, 1981 in North Andover, Massachusetts and raised in Wenham, Massachusetts) is an American ice hockey player. She won a bronze medal at the 2006 Winter Olympics.

Lake Cochichewick

Lake Cochichewick is a lake in North Andover, Massachusetts that collects water from Weir Hill and other local uplands. Its overflow drains into the Cochichewick River, which joins the Merrimack.

Brooks School, a private co-educational prep school, is located on the shores of the lake.

Merrimack College

Merrimack College is a private American college in the Roman Catholic tradition located in North Andover, Massachusetts.The college was founded in 1947 by the Order of St. Augustine with an initial goal to educate World War II veterans. The college has grown to encompass 220 acres campus and almost 40 buildings. The library is named after Rev. Vincent A. McQuade, the founder of the college.

Moses T. Stevens

Moses Tyler Stevens (October 10, 1825 in North Andover, Massachusetts – March 25, 1907) was an American textile manufacturer and a U.S. Representative from Massachusetts.

North Andover High School

North Andover High School is a public secondary school located in the town of North Andover, Massachusetts, United States. The school is a part of the North Andover Public School System. Construction on the school was completed in February 2004. North Andover High School serves grades 9-12 and has roughly 1,400 students. The school's mascot is the Scarlet Knight, and its rivals are the Andover Warriors.

Rumbo (newspaper)

Rumbo is a free weekly bilingual newspaper published in Lawrence, Massachusetts, United States, covering the Merrimack Valley and southern New Hampshire.

Samuel Osgood

Samuel Osgood (February 3, 1747 – August 12, 1813) was an American merchant and statesman born in Andover, Massachusetts, currently a part of North Andover, Massachusetts. His family home still stands at 440 Osgood Street in North Andover and his home in New York City, the Samuel Osgood House, served as the country's first Presidential mansion. He served in the Massachusetts and New York State legislatures, represented Massachusetts in the Continental Congress and was the fourth Postmaster General of the United States (the first under the current Constitution), serving during George Washington's first term.

In 1812, he was elected the first president of the newly formed City Bank of New York, which later became Citibank, predecessor of today's Citigroup.

Samuel Phillips Jr.

Samuel Phillips Jr. (February 5, 1752 – February 10, 1802) was an American merchant, manufacturer, politician, and the founder of Phillips Academy in Andover, Massachusetts. Phillips is considered a pioneer in American education.

Steve Heinze

Stephen Herbert Heinze (born January 30, 1970) is a former National Hockey League right winger. He was drafted in the third round, 60th overall, by the Boston Bruins in the 1988 NHL Entry Draft. Heinze was born in Lawrence, Massachusetts, but grew up in North Andover, Massachusetts.

Heinze played three seasons for Boston College, where he, David Emma, and Marty McInnis formed the "HEM" Line. Heinze, Emma, and McInnis finished first, second, and third, respectively, in the 1989–90 Hockey East scoring race. Heinze played for the 1992 U.S. Olympic hockey team and signed a multiyear contract with the Boston Bruins on March 6, 1992, following the Olympic games. After nine seasons with the Bruins, he joined the Columbus Blue Jackets for the 2000–01 season. The Blue Jackets traded him to the Buffalo Sabres at that season's trade deadline. He then joined the Los Angeles Kings as a free agent before the 2001–02 season, and played the final two seasons of his career there.

Because of his last name, Heinze requested to wear #57 (as in Heinz 57 ketchup) with the Bruins. However, the Bruins denied his request, stating that only Ray Bourque (#77) could wear an unorthodox number. Instead, Heinze wore #23 in Boston. He was granted #57 when he joined the Blue Jackets and he wore it for the remainder of his NHL career.

In his NHL career, Heinze appeared in 694 games. He scored 178 goals and added 158 assists. He also appeared in 69 NHL playoff games, scoring 11 goals and adding 15 assists.

The Stevens–Coolidge Place

The Stevens–Coolidge Place, formerly known as Ashdale Farm, is a garden and historic home located on 91 acres (37 ha) at 139 Andover Street in North Andover, Massachusetts. Helen Stevens Coolidge's family first acquired the farm in 1729, and from 1914 to 1962 it was her summer home with husband John Gardner Coolidge, diplomat, descendant of Thomas Jefferson, and nephew of Isabella Stewart Gardner. It is now a nonprofit museum operated by The Trustees of Reservations.

Between 1914 and 1918, architect Joseph Everett Chandler remodeled two late-Federal period farmhouses to form today's house. Chandler also enhanced the design of the landscape, which eventually included a perennial garden, a kitch and flower garden, and a rose garden (all in the Colonial Revival style). A potager garden (kitchen garden in the French style) with a brick serpentine wall and a greenhouse complex were also built. The house's collections include Asian artifacts including Chinese porcelain, American furniture, and European decorative arts.

Ward Reservation

The Charles W. Ward Reservation is a 704-acre (285 ha) open space reserve located in Andover and North Andover, Massachusetts, 20 miles (32 km) north of Boston. The reserve, managed by the land conservation non-profit organization The Trustees of Reservations, is notable for its open drumlin hilltops and vistas encompassing Boston and Salem. The Ward Reservation offers 13 miles (21 km) of trails and former woods roads available for hiking, horseback riding, mountain biking, and cross country skiing; it is also a link in the 200-mile (320 km) Bay Circuit Trail system.

Weir Hill

Weir Hill Reservation (historically pronounced “wire hill”) is a 194-acre (0.79 km2) public park located in the town of North Andover, Massachusetts. The Trustees of Reservations owns and maintains the property.

Zak DeOssie

Zackary Robert DeOssie (born May 24, 1984) is an American football long snapper for the New York Giants of the National Football League (NFL). He played college football for Brown University, and was drafted by the Giants in the fourth round of the 2007 NFL Draft. He was a two-time Pro Bowl selection as a long snapper. DeOssie has earned two Super Bowl rings with the Giants in Super Bowl XLII and Super Bowl XLVI, both over his hometown New England Patriots. He is the son of former NFL linebacker Steve DeOssie; the two hold the distinction of being the only father-son duo to win Super Bowls with the same franchise.

Municipalities and communities of Essex County, Massachusetts, United States
Cities
Towns
CDPs
Other
villages
Counties
Major cities
Cities and towns
100k-250k
Cities and towns
25k-100k
Cities and towns
10k-25k
Sub-regions
Tributaries
Lakes
Towns
Landmarks

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.