North American Racing Team

The North American Racing Team (NART) was a motorsports racing team active from 1958 to 1982. It was created by businessman Luigi Chinetti to promote the Ferrari marque in United States through success in endurance racing.

It was created in 1958 when Chinetti received backing from wealthy racers George Arents and Jan de Vroom. Ferrari already had a close relationship with Chinetti due to his success in selling the maker's road cars in the important American markets, and thus NART received a continuous line of Ferrari racers and support from factory mechanics.

United States North American Racing Team
North American Racing Team
Founded1958
Founder(s)Luigi Chinetti
Team principal(s)Luigi Chinetti
Former seriesFormula One
WSC
Can-Am
Noted driversMexico Pedro Rodríguez
Mexico Ricardo Rodríguez
United States Phil Hill
Austria Jochen Rindt
United States Masten Gregory
United States Mario Andretti
France Jean Guichet

In racing

NART raced at only the world's premier races, such as the 24 Hours of Daytona in Florida and the 24 Hours of Le Mans in Le Mans, France. Their first race was the 12 Hours of Sebring in March 1958, with a 250 GT.

Ferrari 330 TRI-LM 1962 red vr TCE
1962 Le Mans-winning Ferrari 330 TRI/LM, bought by Pedro Rodríguez through NART. Rodríguez raced several times in it.

Pedro Rodríguez won the second and the third editions of Daytona with NART team. In 1963 was a three hours race and in 1964 a 2,000 kilometers, both in a Ferrari 250 GTO (the 24 hours race would start until 1966).

A Ferrari 158 officially entered by NART sealed the win of the 1964 F1 World championship with John Surtees, as the factory team competed the last two races in cars painted white and blue. This was done as a protest concerning arguments between Ferrari and the Italian Racing Authorities regarding the homologation of a new mid-engined Ferrari race car.

The peak of NART's own racing success came in 1965, when a NART-entered 250 LM became the last Ferrari to win Le Mans outright, driven by Jochen Rindt, Masten Gregory and Ed Hugus.[1]

Other NART results include a third place in the 1967 24 Hours of Daytona with Pedro Rodríguez and Jean Guichet, backing up two works 330P4 in Ferrari's triple success, which was commemorated by the naming of the 365 GTB4 "Daytona". With this model, NART scored second in the 1973 24 Hours of Daytona behind a Porsche 911.

NART raced Ferraris until 1982, at which point it had participated in more than 200 races with over 100 different drivers, including Mario Andretti and Phil Hill.

Road cars

1967.Ferrari.275.GTB-4.NART.Spyder
275 GTB/4 NART Spyder

NART also had a Ferrari model with its name attached to it – the 1967 275 GTB/4 NART Spyder was a convertible version of the 275 GTB/4 requested especially by Luigi Chinetti. The original order of 25 cars was never fulfilled, as only 10 were delivered from the Maranello factory.[2] Because of the popularity of the drop-top NART Spyder design, many 275 GTB/4 were converted to drop-top models to imitate the NART Spyder's design.

Results

Victories in the World Sportscar Championship

Year Race Car Driver 1 Driver 2 Driver 3
1962 400 km of Bridgehampton[3] Ferrari 330TRI Mexico Pedro Rodríguez
1000 km of Paris[4] Ferrari 250 GTO Mexico Pedro Rodríguez Mexico Ricardo Rodríguez
1963 Daytona 3 Hours[5] Ferrari 250 GTO Mexico Pedro Rodríguez
1964 Daytona 2000 km[6] Ferrari 250 GTO Mexico Pedro Rodríguez United States Phil Hill
1965 24 Hours of Le Mans[1] Ferrari 250LM Austria Jochen Rindt United States Masten Gregory United States Ed Hugus
12 Hours of Reims[7] Ferrari 365P2 Mexico Pedro Rodríguez France Jean Guichet

Formula One World Championship results

(key) (Results in bold indicate pole position; results in italics indicate fastest lap; † indicates shared drive.)

Year Chassis Engines Tyres Drivers 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
1964 Ferrari 158 Ferrari 205B 1.5 V8 D MON NED BEL FRA GBR GER AUT ITA USA MEX
United Kingdom John Surtees 2 2
Ferrari 1512 Ferrari 207 1.5 V12 Italy Lorenzo Bandini Ret 3
Ferrari 156 F1 Ferrari 178 1.5 V6 Mexico Pedro Rodríguez 6
1965 Ferrari 1512 Ferrari 207 1.5 V12 D RSA MON BEL FRA GBR NED GER ITA USA MEX
Mexico Pedro Rodriguez 5 7
Ferrari 158 Ferrari 205B 1.5 V8 United States Bob Bondurant 9
1969 Ferrari 312 Ferrari 3.0 V12 F RSA ESP MON NED FRA GBR GER ITA CAN USA MEX
Mexico Pedro Rodríguez Ret 5 7

References

  1. ^ a b "1965 Le Mans 24 Hours | Motor Sport Magazine Database". Motor Sport Magazine. 2017-06-13. Retrieved 2018-09-16.
  2. ^ Eddie Smith Jr., quoted in a marketing film made by Petrolicious Productions.
  3. ^ "Bridgehampton 400 Kilometres 1962 - Race Results - Racing Sports Cars". www.racingsportscars.com. Retrieved 2018-09-16.
  4. ^ "Paris 1000 Kilometres 1962 - Photo Gallery - Racing Sports Cars". www.racingsportscars.com. Retrieved 2018-09-16.
  5. ^ "Daytona 3 Hours 1963 - Race Results - Racing Sports Cars". www.racingsportscars.com. Retrieved 2018-09-16.
  6. ^ "Daytona 2000 Kilometres 1964 - Race Results - Racing Sports Cars". www.racingsportscars.com. Retrieved 2018-09-16.
  7. ^ "1965 Reims 12 Hours | Motor Sport Magazine Database". Motor Sport Magazine. 2017-06-12. Retrieved 2018-09-16.
1000 km of Paris

The 1000 Kilometres of Paris was an endurance race, mainly for sports cars, which was held at the Autodrome de Linas-Montlhéry in France from 1956 to 1995.

1961 Canadian Grand Prix

The 1961 Canadian Grand Prix was a motor race held at Mosport Park on September 30, 1961, held for sports cars eligible for the Canadian Sports Car Championship regulations. 26 cars started the race. It was the first time a motor race had carried the name Canadian Grand Prix, which in future years would become an event on the Formula One world championship. The race was won by Canadian driver Peter Ryan driving a Lotus 19. Ryan finished a lap ahead of Mexican racer Pedro Rodríguez driving a North American Racing Team-run Ferrari 250 TR with pole sitter Stirling Moss third in another Lotus 19 run by his Formula One team, UDT Laystall Racing.

1963 24 Hours of Le Mans

The 1963 24 Hours of Le Mans was the 31st Grand Prix of Endurance in the 24 Hours of Le Mans series and took place on 15 and 16 June 1963. It was also the tenth round of the 1963 World Sportscar Championship season.

Despite good weather throughout the race, attrition was high leaving only twelve classified finishers. There were a number of major accidents, the most serious of which caused the death of Brazilian driver Christian Heins and bad injuries to Roy Salvadori and Jean-Pierre Manzon. This was the first win for a mid- or rear-engined car, and the first all-Italian victory – with F1 drivers Ludovico Scarfiotti and Lorenzo Bandini winning in their Ferrari 250 P. In fact Ferrari dominated the results list filling the first six places, and the winners’ margin of over 200 km (16 laps) was the biggest since 1927.

1965 24 Hours of Le Mans

The 1965 24 Hours of Le Mans was the 33rd Grand Prix of Endurance, and took place on 19 and 20 June 1965. It was also the twelfth round of the World Sportscar Championship.

After the disappointing results of the previous year's race, Ford returned with an improved version of its GT. There were 11 Fords or Ford-engined cars in the field. To meet that challenge Ferrari had no less than 12 of their cars. Porsche dominated the medium-engined category with seven cars and Alpine-Renault likewise dominated the small-engine categories with six entries.

Despite a strong start, in the end the Fords’ unreliability let them down again and it was an easy victory for Ferrari for the sixth successive year. After the failure of the works team, the winners were Masten Gregory and Jochen Rindt in the North American Racing Team (NART) car – the first non-works team to win since Ecurie Ecosse in 1957. It was also the first international race victory for Goodyear tyres. Perhaps surprisingly given their domination of the race it would prove to be, to date, the last Ferrari victory at Le Mans.

1967 24 Hours of Le Mans

The 1967 24 Hours of Le Mans was the 35th Grand Prix of Endurance, and took place on 10 and 11 June 1967. It was also the seventh round of the World Sportscar Championship.

Dan Gurney and A.J. Foyt won the race after leading from the second hour, becoming the first (and to date, only) all-American victors - car, team and drivers - of the race. Ferrari were second and third, and these top-three cars all broke the 5000 km mark in total distance covered for the first time. All overall records were broken – fastest, furthest, a new lap record and biggest engine to win, along with a number of class records.

1970 24 Hours of Daytona

The 1970 24 Hours of Daytona was an endurance race at the 3.8 mile road circuit at the Daytona International Speedway, Daytona Beach, Florida, USA that took place on January 31 and February 1, 1970. It was the first race of the 1970 World Sportscar Championship season. This was the first race for the iconic Porsche 917K and Ferrari 512S cars.

1971 24 Hours of Le Mans

The 1971 24 Hours of Le Mans was the 39th Grand Prix of Endurance, and took place on 12 and 13 June 1971. It was the ninth round of the 1971 International Championship for Makes.

This year would be the swansong of the mighty engines – the incoming regulations would put a 3-litre limit on engine capacity. As it turned out, there was a perfect confluence of the most powerful racing cars yet seen, a long fast track and extended good weather to produce the fastest race in the event's history to date setting a record that would stand for almost 40 years.Although there were few accidents this year, there were many cars delayed or forced to retire with mechanical problems and only twelve cars were classified at the finish. Winners, at a record speed, were Gijs van Lennep and Helmut Marko in their Team Martini Porsche 917.

1972 24 Hours of Le Mans

The 1972 24 Hours of Le Mans was the 40th Grand Prix of Endurance, and took place on 10 and 11 June 1972. It was the ninth round of the 1972 World Championship for Makes.

This year's marked the start of a new era with revised Sports-Prototype regulations putting a 3-litre limit on engine size. There was also a significant change to the track with the construction of the new technical section subsequently named the Porsche Curves bypassing the dangerous Maison Blanche corner, which had been the site of many serious accidents in the past.

Having already won the Manufacturers’ Championship Ferrari chose not to contest the race. Matra were strong favourites for the outright win after not running the other races to focus on its Le Mans preparation. Once the challenge from Alfa Romeo and Lola had dissipated overnight, Matra were able to ease off to secure a popular 1-2 victory for the home country – France's first since 1950. Henri Pescarolo and Graham Hill were the winners, with a healthy 11-lap margin over teammates François Cevert and Howden Ganley.

However the victory was tarnished by the death of veteran Formula One racer Jo Bonnier who died when his Lola prototype collided with a Ferrari GT and flew over the barriers into the trees on the Sunday morning.

1974 24 Hours of Le Mans

The 1974 24 Hours of Le Mans was the 42nd Grand Prix of Endurance, and took place on 15 and 16 June 1974. It was the fifth round of the 1974 World Championship for Makes. After Alfa Romeo had won the first race of the season at Monza, it had been Matra all the way and they came to Le Mans as firm favourites for a third consecutive outright victory, especially after Alfa Romeo withdrew its cars just before raceweek.

In a fairly lacklustre race, the Matra of Henri Pescarolo and Gérard Larrousse led virtually from start to finish for their second successive victory. It was also the third in a row for Pescarolo and the Matra team. The race was enlivened on Sunday morning when the leading car was delayed for a long time by engine and gearbox troubles. But such was the lead they had built up that they were not headed. Second place, six laps back was the works-supported Martini Porsche 911 turbo of Gijs van Lennep and Herbert Müller while third went to the another Matra of Jean-Pierre Jabouille and François Migault.

The Group 4 (GTS) category was a battle between Porsche and Ferrari. It was won by the French-privateer Ferrari of Cyril Grandet and Dominique Bardini as the leading Porsches fell out with problems.

Bob Bondurant

Robert "Bob" Bondurant (born April 27, 1933 in Evanston, Illinois) is an American former racecar driver who raced for the Shelby American, Ferrari and Eagle teams.

Ferrari 158

The Ferrari 158 was a Formula One racing car made by Ferrari in 1964 as a successor to the V6-powered Ferrari 156 F1. It was equipped with a 1.5-litre V8 engine, with a bore and stroke of 67.0 mm × 52.8 mm (2.64 in × 2.08 in). The 158 was the first Ferrari Formula One car to use a monocoque chassis. John Surtees drove the Ferrari 158 to win his only Formula One Drivers' World Championship, in 1964.

Ferrari won the 1964 Formula One World Championship by competing in the last two races in cars painted not in the traditional Rosso corsa but in white and blue. These cars were entered by the factory-supported but unofficial NART team, rather than the Scuderia Ferrari factory team. This was done as a protest concerning arguments between Ferrari and the Automobile Club d'Italia regarding the homologation of a new mid-engined Ferrari race car.

François Migault

François Migault (4 December 1944 – 29 January 2012) was a racing driver from Le Mans, France. He participated in 16 Formula One World Championship Grands Prix, debuting on 13 August 1972, but scored no championship points.

John Surtees

John Surtees, (11 February 1934 – 10 March 2017) was an English Grand Prix motorcycle road racer and Formula One driver. He was a four-time 500cc motorcycle World Champion – winning that title in 1956, 1958, 1959 and 1960 – the Formula One World Champion in 1964, and remains the only person to have won World Championships on both two and four wheels. He founded the Surtees Racing Organisation team that competed as a constructor in Formula One, Formula 2 and Formula 5000 from 1970 to 1978. He was also the ambassador of the Racing Steps Foundation.

Lorenzo Bandini

Lorenzo Bandini (21 December 1935 – 10 May 1967) was an Italian motor racing driver who raced in Formula One for the Scuderia Centro Sud and Ferrari teams.

Masten Gregory

Masten Gregory (February 29, 1932 − November 8, 1985) was an American racing driver. He raced in Formula One between 1957 and 1965, participating in 43 World Championship races, and numerous non-Championship races.

NART

Nart or NART may refer to:

National Adult Reading Test

North American Racing Team

Nart sagas, Caucasian myths

Pedro Rodríguez (racing driver)

Pedro Rodríguez de la Vega (18 January 1940 – 11 July 1971) was a Mexican Grand Prix motor racing driver. He was the older brother of Ricardo Rodríguez.

Ricardo Rodríguez (racing driver)

Ricardo Valentín Rodríguez de la Vega (14 February 1942 – 1 November 1962) was a Mexican racing driver who competed in the 1961 and 1962 Formula One seasons. His elder brother, Pedro, was also a noted racing driver who had much success in sports car racing and Formula One. Also, at 19 years and 208 days old when first racing for them at the 1961 Italian Grand Prix, he became the youngest Formula One driver ever to race for Ferrari, a title he still holds today.

Rubén Luis di Palma

Rubén Luis di Palma (Arrecifes, October 27, 1944 – Carlos Tejedor, September 30, 2000) was an Argentine racing driver. He won the TC2000 championship once (1983) and finished runner-up on three other occasions and the Turismo Carretera championship back-to-back in 1970 and 1971. He died in September 2000, when the Robinson R44 helicopter he was flying spun out of control and crashed near Carlos Tejedor, Buenos Aires Province.

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