The North American International Auto Show (NAIAS) is an annual auto show held in Detroit, Michigan, at Cobo Center. The show was held in January from 1989 to 2019 (for 31 years), but will be held in June from 2020 onwards. It is among the largest auto shows in North America.UPI says the show is "regarded as the foremost venue for [car] manufacturers to unveil new products".
North American International Auto Show logo
In 1899, William E. Metzger helped organize the Detroit Auto Show, only the second of its kind, after the 1898 Paris Auto Show. An auto show was held in Detroit in 1907 at Beller's Beer Garden at Riverside Park and since then annually except 1941–1953. During the show's first decades of existence it portrayed only a regional focus. In 1957 international carmakers exhibited for the first time.
In 1987 the Detroit Auto Dealers Association (DADA) proposed it become international. The members of the DADA went to places such as Europe and Japan in the attempt to convince those unveiling their new brands or vehicles in those countries to bring those unveilings to the North American Auto Show. That attempt proved to be successful; the North American Auto Show was then renamed the North American International Auto Show in 1989.
Hosted in Detroit, Michigan, for over a century, since 1965 the show has been held at Cobo Center, where it occupies nearly 1 million square feet (93,000 m²) of floor space. Prior to being held at the Cobo Center, the show was held at other well known places in the Metro Detroit area, including the Light Guard Armory, Wayne Gardens pavilion, and Michigan State Fairgrounds.
Record attendance was in 2003, with 838,066 attendees. In 2009, attendance had dropped to 650,517. In 2016, there were 815,575 in ticketed attendance, after reaching 803,451 in 2015.
Audi, BMW and Mercedes-Benz were not present at the 2019 edition, following recent absences of other luxury manufacturers like Porsche, Jaguar, Land Rover and Volvo. In July 2018, the Detroit Auto Dealers Association announced they would move the show to downtown Detroit in June 2020, adding outdoor displays and on-road vehicle demonstrations with the better weather.
The NAIAS is the only auto show in the United States sanctioned by the Organisation Internationale des Constructeurs d'Automobiles. Over 800,000 attended during the days the show was open to the general public in 2018. It is estimated that the show generates a revenue of over $500 million to the local economy. The show begins with press preview days, industry preview days and a charity preview event. The charity preview raises money for local children's charities. In 2004 and 2005, the charity preview attracted 17,500 people at $400 a ticket and raised $7 million in total. 2006 was the sixth consecutive year the charity preview event raised over $6 million. 35,711 tickets were sold for the industry preview representing people from 24 countries in 2005 and 6,897 credentialed press from 63 countries.
Two major awards are presented at the auto show: the EyesOn Design Awards for Design Excellence, and the Car, Truck, and Utility of the Year Award, which was founded in 1994. At the North American Car, Truck and Utility Vehicle of the Year awards, awarded in the preview period of the auto show, around 55 automotive journalists serve as judges. They evaluate "value, innovation, design, performance, safety, technology and driver satisfaction."
2007: Winners were the 2007 Chrysler Nassau concept for "Aesthetics & Innovation", the Kia Kue concept for "Functionality", the 2008 Cadillac CTS (second generation) production model for "Concept Implementation", and the Jeep Trailhawk concept for "Spirit of Industrial Design".
2010: The GMC Granite won the Excellence in Design Award for concept vehicles debuted at the Detroit show and the Audi A8 received the top honor for production vehicles.
2011: The Porsche 918 RSR won for concept vehicles debuted at the Detroit show and the 2011 Audi A6 received the award for production vehicles.
2012: The Lexus LF-LC won the "Excellence in Design Award" for concept vehicles debuted at the Detroit show and the 2013 Ford Fusion received the top honor for production vehicles.
2013: The 2014 Cadillac ELR won the "Production Category" at the Detroit show while the Nissan Resonance concept and the Ford Atlas concept tied for the "Concept Category" award.
2014: The 2015 Ford Mustang won "Best Production Vehicle" while the Volvo Concept XC Coupé took awards for both "Best Concept Vehicle" and "Best Use of Color, Graphics, and Materials".
2015: The Ford GT won "Best Designed Production Vehicle" award while the Buick Avenir was selected as both "Best Concept Vehicle" and "Best Use of Color, Graphics, and Materials" and the Audi Q7 received Best Designed Interior.
2017: The Chevrolet Bolt, Honda Ridgeline, and Chrysler Pacifica received the show's North American Car, Truck, and Utility of the Year awards, respectively. This was the first year Truck (pickup trucks and commercial vans) and Utility (SUVs, crossovers, and minivans) were awarded separately.
The 2020 show will move from January to June, in hopes of attracting more visitors and adding outdoor events. The Wall Street Journal described the move from January to June as a "boon" to Detroit, with the city prepping exhibition space for the riverfront with plans for an "auto plaza" around Woodward and Jefferson avenues.
The 2019 show ran from January 12 to January 27 at Cobo Center and opened with the lowering of a 2020 Shelby GT500 from the Cobo Center ceiling. 30 cars launched in the previews, down from 69 in 2018. Among various cars, it displayed new versions of the Kia Soul. Other major attractions included the 2020 Shelby GT500.USA Today noted that Chevrolet, Ford, Honda, Jeep and Toyota were all re-introducing discontinued models at the show with the media previews, for example the Toyota Supra and midsize Ford Ranger. Virtual reality displays were utilized by several carmakers. A number of protests took place outside the event regarding Ford's environmental record and GM layoffs.
January 12 — Gallery
January 14–15 – Press preview
January 14–17 – Automobili-D (mobility and autonomy exposition)
At the show, Ford Motor Company and Volkswagen Group announced a global alliance to collaborate on commercial vans and mid-size pickup trucks, and potentially share EV and autonomous vehicle technology in the future.
The 2018 show took place January 20 to 28 at the Cobo Center. It ran from January 14 to January 28. The press preview was extended by one day and the second edition of Automobili-D was extended by three days.
The Washington Post reported that the fastest cars at the 2018 auto show included the 2019 Acura NSX, the 2019 Dodge Challenger SRT Hellcat Widebody, the 2019 Nissan GT-R, the 2019 Alfa Romeo Giulia, and the 2019 Corvette ZR1.
January 14–16 – Press preview
January 14–21 — Automobili-D (mobility and autonomy exposition)
The 2017 show ran from January 9 to January 22. Automobili-D, a exposition dedicated to automotive autonomy and mobility, ran in conjunction with the show on January 8–12. Sam Slaughter served as chairman.
The 2016 show ran from January 11 to January 24. The show drew 5,068 credentialed members of the media from 60 countries during the media preview, with the industry preview afterwards drawing 39,788 visitors from 25 countries and 2,000 companies. Among celebrity visitors was Barack Obama. The first day saw the debut of models like the Lexus LC 500, the new Pacifica minivan, and an Audi hydrogen concept car.
Nissan returned to the show after a three-year absence.
Bryan Herta was presented with the Baby Borg trophy for the 2011 Indianapolis 500 during the show, which coincided with the promotion of the return of the IZOD IndyCar Series to Detroit later in June. A replica Baby Borg was also presented to Suzie Wheldon, the widow of the winning driver of the race.
Porsche returned to the show for the first time since 2007. A new "Smarter Living in Michigan" section showcased alternative energy technologies outside of the automotive sector, in addition to an electric vehicle track condensed from its 2010 size.
The Detroit Auto Show was renamed the North American International Auto Show for 1989, as Lexus and Infiniti debuted. The show opened on January 11, with press previews and introductions for the first two days.
The Audi Roadjet is a compact concept car developed by the German manufacturer Audi, and was officially unveiled at the 2006 North American International Auto Show in Detroit, Michigan. It is a study of a sporty and luxurious mid-size hatchback. According to Audi, this study is a technology demonstrator of innovative electronic systems that will be built into the production models in the next few years.
The Audi Sportback concept is a concept car produced by Audi, shown at the 2009 North American International Auto Show. The Sportback concept, a luxury five-door fastback model, was regarded as a preview of two future models: the Audi A5 Sportback variant and the Audi A7. The Audi A5 Sportback later debuted in July 2009, followed by the launch of the A7 Sportback at the Pinakothek der Moderne art museum in Munich in July 2010.
The BMW 4 Series is a range of coupé, convertible and fastback models manufactured by the German automaker BMW since 2013. It was unveiled at the North American International Auto Show in January 2013 in Detroit.The 4 Series was created when BMW spun off the 3 Series 2-door models (coupé and convertible) into a separate series. In 2014, the "4 Series Gran Coupé" 4-door fastback body style was added to the range.
The Chrysler 700C is a concept luxury minivan unveiled at the 2012 North American International Auto Show in Detroit by Chrysler.It was presented to the public to gauge the public's thoughts on the design as an option to redesign or replace the Chrysler Town and Country minivan. The 2017 Chrysler Pacifica minivan took design cues from this concept car.
The Chrysler ecoVoyager is a concept car that was revealed on January 14, 2008 by Chrysler. It was introduced at the 2008 North American International Auto Show. The combination of a lithium-ion battery pack with an advanced hydrogen fuel cell was claimed to provide a range of 300 miles (483 kilometres).
The Ford Shelby GR-1 is a high performance concept car developed and manufactured by Ford. It was first introduced to the public at the 2004 Pebble Beach Concours d'Elegance as a clay model. A fully functional concept was revealed at the 2005 North American International Auto Show. The GR-1 was inspired by and bears resemblance to the Shelby Daytona.
Much of the GR-1 chassis and running gear is based on the Ford Shelby Cobra Concept, a modern version of the 1960s original Shelby Cobra, which was presented one year earlier at the 2004 North American International Auto Show. As with the Ford Shelby Cobra Concept, the GR-1 project was led by Manfred Rumpel and developed by Ford's Advanced Product Creation group.
The GR-1 uses a 6.4L all-aluminum V10 engine and uses some components from the Ford GT. The GR-1 is officially rated at 605 hp (451 kW) and 501 lb⋅ft (679 N⋅m) of torque. It uses a 6-speed manual transmission. The GR-1 can accelerate from 0–60 mph (97 km/h) in 3.9 seconds and has a projected top speed of approximately 190 mph (306 km/h).
In early January 2019, Superformance announced they will be building a limited production line of the GR-1 concept, and will sport a 700bhp+ Supercharged V8 as Ford didn't make any V10's other than for their commercial truck fleet.
The Honda Spocket was a concept car developed by Honda that was displayed at auto shows in 1999 and 2000 but did not enter production.
The Spocket was a convertible with the rear half of the car able to be used for a second row of seats or as a flat floor storage area. It was designed by Honda's California studio, and had a hybrid powertrain with the front wheel driven by a gas engine and the rear wheel by electric motors. It had a wheelbase of 2,750 millimetres (108 in) and a length of 4,270 millimetres (168 in).Honda showed the concept at the 1999 Tokyo Motor Show, the 2000 North American International Auto Show, and the 2000 LA Auto Show, though it did not go into production.
The Mazda Ryuga is a concept car introduced by Mazda and partner Ford at the 2007 North American International Auto Show in Detroit, Michigan. The car, along with the Mazda Nagare which was introduced at the Greater Los Angeles Auto Show, is an exploratory design study intended to illustrate future styling directions for future Mazda passenger vehicles. The Ryuga moniker (pronounced "ree-yoo-ga") is Japanese for "gracious flow".
The Mitsubishi Concept-RA is a concept car manufactured by Mitsubishi Motors, and first revealed on at the North American International Auto Show in January 2008. Although there has been no official confirmation, the automotive press has speculated that this prototype presages the next generation of the Mitsubishi Eclipse.The car has an aluminium space frame chassis, and features a 4N14 2.2-litre clean diesel producing 150 kW (200 PS) and 420 N⋅m (310 lb⋅ft), powering all four wheels through the company's S-AWC drivetrain and SST twin-clutch transmission. Following the lead of other recent Mitsubishi prototypes, "green plastic" recyclable resin is used extensively in the body panels and interior for environmental reasons.
Mitsubishi Motors concepts are those prototype and concept cars exhibited around the world by Mitsubishi Motors. In common with other automakers, Mitsubishi has used concept cars as both show cars—stylistically adventurous motor show exhibits with no production intentions behind them—or as precursors of future models destined for mass production.The first Mitsubishi concept car was a two-seat convertible version of the Colt 600, which was introduced at the 9th Tokyo Motor Show in 1962 by Shin Mitsubishi Heavy-Industries, one of the companies which would combine to form Mitsubishi Motors in 1970. Although the company had no intention of marketing it, the convertible helped attract the public's attention to the more mundane sedan.Latterly, Mitsubishi has exploited its heritage in its motor show exhibits, using vehicles from its past displayed in parallel with new model introductions. The Colt 600 convertible was brought out from the Mitsubishi Museum in 2005, alongside the new cabriolet version of the Mitsubishi Colt which debuted at the 75th Geneva Motor Show. The following year they revisited the theme by promoting the newest version of their Mitsubishi Pajero sport utility vehicle alongside a 1934 Mitsubishi PX33, a pre-World War II military prototype which was the first Japanese sedan equipped with four-wheel drive. They took the same approach a third time in 2007, with the tenth iteration of the rallying-derived Mitsubishi Lancer Evolution. It was exhibited at the North American International Auto Show in 2007 alongside the Mitsubishi Lancer 1600 GSR, which gained renown after winning the Safari Rally in 1974.
The Nissan Bevel is a concept crossover SUV unveiled at the 2007 North American International Auto Show. It is of asymmetrical design, with one large driver's door, and two smaller doors on the passenger side.
Carlos Tavares, Nissan Motor Co. executive president of global product planning and design, says the Bevel is a study for 45- to 60-year-old men who like to keep lots of tools in their vehicle, transport things, do projects outside the house and only rarely carry passengers. The owner would be driving alone 90 percent of the time, Tavares imagines.
Nissan has no specific plan to produce the Bevel, but inform future models.
The Nissan Forum is a concept minivan that debuted during the 2008 North American International Auto Show. It became a production version of next-generation Nissan Quest (North America) and Nissan Elgrand (Asia) on the Nissan D platform for the 2011 model year.
The Volkswagen Concept BlueSport is a mid-engined roadster concept car produced by Volkswagen. It was introduced at the 2009 North American International Auto Show in Detroit. The Concept BlueSport follows on from a previous roadster concept car, the Volkswagen Concept R, shown at the 2003 Frankfurt Motor Show.
The Concept BlueSport is powered by a 2.0 L (120 cu in) TDI I4 producing around 180 hp (134 kW) and 260 lb⋅ft (353 N⋅m). A six speed dual clutch DSG gearbox helps give it an estimated 0 to 60 mph (97 km/h) time of 6.2 sec, and a top speed of 140 mph (225 km/h).
The Volkswagen Concept R is a concept car developed by the German automaker Volkswagen and officially unveiled at the September 2003 Frankfurt Auto Show. It is a study of a sporty two seat roadster, with mid-engine and rear wheel drive. The Concept R is powered by a V6 3.2 L FSI petrol engine developing a maximum output of 265 PS (195 kW; 261 hp) at 6,250 rpm and 320 N⋅m (240 ft⋅lbf) of torque at 2,800 rpm.
It is strong enough to accelerate the car from 0 to 100 km/h in 5.3 seconds, and make it reach the electronically limited top speed of 250 km/h (155 mph). Without the speed governor, the car would be even able to reach the top speed of 270 km/h (167 mph). The power is transferred to the road via a six speed direct-shift gearbox.
The designer team for this concept was led by Murat Günak and Peter Schreyer, and broke the ground for the Volkswagen brand in developing the roadster vehicle. At 162 inches (4,100 mm) of length, 69 inches (1,800 mm) of width and 48 inches (1,200 mm) of height, the Concept R roadster has almost the same length and width as the fifth generation Volkswagen Golf hatchback, on whose platform it has been built.
The concept has some interesting design features such as the Volkswagen logo, which is generated digitally by a display and begins to pulsate in the so called OLED screen when the driver turns on the ignition. When the ignition is activated, the pulse stops.
Also, its seats are not adjustable in any way and the driver must electrically move the polished metal information block of the instrument panel, including the steering wheel and pedal cluster back or forth to find the correct seating position. For the first time in a sports car, the seats are filled with active foam which adapts to the body shape of the driver and passenger.
At a press dinner held during the 2005 North American International Auto Show, Bernd Pischetsrieder, the chairman of the Volkswagen Group, confirmed that Volkswagen intended to build a production vehicle similar to this concept. As of 2018, no production model has appeared, however another, similar, concept car, the Volkswagen Concept BlueSport was unveiled at the 2009 North American International Auto Show.
The Volkswagen I.D. Buzz, or VW Electric Microbus, is an electric minivan based on the electric MEB platform, and part of the I.D. series. It was first shown as a prototype at the 2017 North American International Auto Show. A production vehicle based on this prototype will be launched in 2022. It will be one of five new Volkswagen brand models based on the MEB platform.It is thought that the I.D. Buzz minivan will be the figurehead for Volkswagen’s upcoming rival for Uber, MOIA, a transportation network company set to launch in 2020.
This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.