Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics or NUTS (French: Nomenclature des unités territoriales statistiques) is a geocode standard for referencing the subdivisions of countries for statistical purposes. The standard, adopted in 2003, is developed and regulated by the European Union, and thus only covers the member states of the EU in detail. The Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics is instrumental in the European Union's Structural Funds and Cohesion Fund delivery mechanisms and for locating the area where goods and services subject to European public procurement legislation are to be delivered.
For each EU member country, a hierarchy of three NUTS levels is established by Eurostat in agreement with each member state; the subdivisions in some levels do not necessarily correspond to administrative divisions within the country. A NUTS code begins with a two-letter code referencing the country, which is identical to the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code (except UK instead of GB for the United Kingdom and EL instead of GR for Greece). The subdivision of the country is then referred to with one number. A second or third subdivision level is referred to with another number each. Each numbering starts with 1, as 0 is used for the upper level. Where the subdivision has more than nine entities, capital letters are used to continue the numbering. Below the three NUTS levels are local administrative units (LAUs). A similar statistical system is defined for the candidate countries and members of the European Free Trade Association, but they are not part of NUTS governed by the regulations.
The current NUTS classification, dated 21 November 2016 and effective from 1 January 2018, lists 104 regions at NUTS 1, 281 regions at NUTS 2, 1348 regions at NUTS 3 level, and 99787 local administrative units (LAUs).
Not all countries have every level of division, depending on their size. For example, Luxembourg and Cyprus only have LAUs; the three NUTS divisions each correspond to the entire country itself.
|Countries||NUTS 1||NUTS 2||NUTS 3||LAU|
|Austria||AT||Groups of states||3||States||9||Groups of districts||35||Municipalities (Gemeinden)||2098|
|Belgium||BE||Regions||3||Provinces (+ Brussels)||11||Arrondissements (Verviers split into two)||44||Municipalities (gemeenten / communes)||589|
|Bulgaria||BG||Regions||2||Planning regions||6||Oblasts||28||Municipalities (общини, obshtini)||265|
|Cyprus||CY||—||1||—||1||—||1||Municipalities, communities (δήμοι, κοινότητες, dimoi, koinotites)||615|
|Czech Republic||CZ||—||1||Territorial regions (+ Prague)||8||Administrative regions||14||Municipalities (obce)||6258|
|Germany||DE||States (Bundesland)||16||Government regions (Regierungbezirk) (or equivalent)||39||Districts (Kreis)||429||Municipalities (Gemeinden)||11130|
|Denmark||DK||—||1||Regions (Regioner)||5||Provinces (Landsdele)||11||Municipalities (kommuner)||99|
|Estonia||EE||—||1||—||1||Groups of counties||5||Municipalities (Vald, linn)||79|
|Finland||FI||Mainland Finland, Åland||2||Large areas (Suuralueet / Storområden)||5||Regions (Maakunnat / Landskap)||19||Municipalities (kunnat / kommuner)||311|
|France||FR||Z.E.A.T. + DOM||9||Regions + DOM||27||Departments + DOM||101||Communes||35358|
|Greece||EL||Groups of development regions||4||Regions||13||Prefectures||51||Municipal districts/Community districts
(δημοτικό διαμέρισμα, κοινότικο διαμέρισμα, demotiko diamerisma, koinotiko diamerisma)
|Hungary||HU||Statistical large regions (statisztikai nagyrégiók)||3||Planning and statistical regions (tervezési-statisztikai régió)||8||Counties (megye) + Budapest||20||Settlements (települések)||3155|
|Croatia||HR||—||1||Regions||2||Counties (županije) + Zagreb||21||Municipalities (općine)||556|
|Ireland||IE||—||1||Regional Assemblies||3||Regional Authorities||8||Electoral divisions (toghroinn ceantair)||3441|
|Italy||IT||Groups of regions||5||Regions (Trentino-Alto Adige split into two)||21||Provinces||110||Municipalities (comuni, municipi)||7960|
|Luxembourg||LU||—||1||—||1||—||1||Communes (French: communes, German: Gemeinden, Luxembourgish: Gemengen)||102|
|Latvia||LV||—||1||—||1||Statistical regions||6||Districts, republic cities (Republikas pilsētas, novadi)||119|
|Malta||MT||—||1||—||1||Islands||2||Local councils (kunsilli)||68|
|Netherlands||NL||Groups of provinces||4||Provinces||12||COROP regions||40||Municipalities (gemeenten)||380|
|Portugal||PT||Continent + Azores + Madeira||3||Coordination and development regions + autonomous regions||7||Groups of municipalities||25||Parishes (freguesias)||3400|
|Romania||RO||Macroregions||4||Regions||8||Counties + Bucharest||42||Communes + Municipalities + Cities (comune + municipii + orașe)||3181|
|Spain||ES||Groups of autonomous communities||7||17 Autonomous communities and 2 autonomous cities||19||Provinces + Islands + Ceuta and Melilla||59||Municipalities (municipios)||8124|
|Sweden||SE||Regions (Grupper av riksområden)||3||National Areas (Riksområde)||8||Counties (Län)||21||Municipalities (kommuner)||290|
|Slovenia||SI||—||1||Macroregions||2||Statistical regions||12||Municipalities (občine)||212|
|Slovakia||SK||—||1||Oblasts||4||Regions (Kraje)||8||Municipalities (obce)||2926|
|United Kingdom||UK||Regions of England||9||Sub-Regions ≍
||30||Upper tier authorities and groups of unitary authorities and districts||93||In England and Wales: districts or individual unitary authorities;
In Scotland: Individual unitary authorities or LECs;
In Northern Ireland: districts
|Wales||1||Groups of Principal Areas||2||Groups of Principal Areas||12|
|Scotland||1||Groups of Council and/or Island Areas||4||Groups of Council Areas or Islands Areas||23|
|Northern Ireland||1||—||1||Groups of districts||5|
|Country||NUTS 1||NUTS 2||NUTS 3||LAU 1||LAU 2|
|Albania||AL||—||1||Regions (non-administrative)||3||Counties||12||–||–||Municipalities (Komunë) / Communes (Bashki / Komunë)||373|
|Montenegro||ME||—||1||—||1||—||1||Municipalities (општини, opštini)||21||Settlements (Насеља, naselja)||1256|
|North Macedonia||MK||—||1||—||1||Statistical regions||8||Municipalities (општини, opštini)||84||Settlements (Населени места, naseleni mesta)||1776|
|Serbia||RS||Groups of regions||2||Regions||5||Districts||29||n.a.||n.a.|
|Turkey||TR||Regions||12||Sub-regions||26||Provinces||81||Districts (ilçeler)||923||Municipalities (belediye)||37675|
|Country||NUTS 1||NUTS 2||NUTS 3||LAU 1||LAU 2|
|Switzerland||CH||—||1||Regions||7||Cantons||26||Districts (German: Bezirke, Ämter and Amtsbezirke; French: districts; Italian: distretti; Romansh: districts||166||Municipalities (German: Gemeinden, Einwohnergemeinden and politische Gemeinden; French: communes; Italian: comuni; Romansh: vischnancas)||2721|
|Iceland||IS||—||1||—||1||Capital Region / Rest of country||2||Regions (landshlutar)||8||Municipalities (sveitarfélag)||79|
|Liechtenstein||LI||—||1||—||1||—||1||Electoral districts (Landschaften)||2||Municipalities (Gemeinden)||11|
|Norway||NO||—||1||Regions||7||Counties (Fylke)||19||Economic regions (Økonomiske regioner)||89||Municipalities (kommuner)||431|
NUTS regions are generally based on existing national administrative subdivisions. In countries where only one or two regional subdivisions exist, or where the size of existing subdivisions is too small or too large, a second and/or third level is created. This may be on the first level (ex. France, Italy, Greece, and Spain), on the second (ex. Germany) and/or third level (ex. Belgium). In smaller countries, where the entire country would be placed on the NUTS 2 or even NUTS 3 level (ex. Luxembourg, Cyprus), the regions at levels 1, 2 and 3 are identical to each other (and also to the entire country), but are coded with the appropriate length codes levels 1, 2 and 3.
The NUTS system favors existing administrative units, with one or more assigned to each NUTS level.
From the NUTS Regulation, the average population size of the regions in the respective level shall lie within the following thresholds:
|NUTS 1||3 million||7 million|
|NUTS 2||800,000||3 million|
For non-administrative units, deviations exist for particular geographical, socio-economic, historical, cultural or environmental circumstances, especially for islands and outermost regions.
As a candidate country of the European Union, Montenegro (ME) is included in the Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS). The three NUTS levels are:
NUTS-1: ME0 Montenegro
NUTS-2: ME00 Montenegro
NUTS-3: ME000 MontenegroBelow the NUTS levels, there are two LAU levels (LAU-1: municipalities; LAU-2: settlements).NUTS statistical regions of Croatia
Croatia (HR) is included in the Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS) of the European Union. The NUTS of Croatia were defined during the Accession of Croatia to the European Union, codified by the Croatian Bureau of Statistics in early 2007. The regions were last revised in 2012.The three NUTS levels are:
NUTS-2: 2 Regions (non-administrative)
NUTS-3: 21 Counties (administrative)The NUTS codes are as follows:
Below the NUTS levels, there are two LAU levels:
LAU-1: none (same as NUTS-3)
LAU-2: Cities and municipalities (Gradovi i općine)NUTS statistical regions of Portugal
The Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS) is developed by Eurostat, and employed in Portugal for statistical purposes. The NUTS branch extends from NUTS1, NUTS2 and NUTS3 regions, with the complementary LAU (Local Administrative Units) sub-categorization being used to differentiate the local areas, of trans-national importance.
Developed by Eurostat and implemented in 1998, the Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS) regions, which comprises three levels of the Portuguese territory, are instrumental in European Union's Structural Fund delivery mechanisms. The standard was developed by the European Union, and thus only covers the member states, and extensively used by national governments, Eurostat and other EU bodies for statistical and policy matters. Until 4 November 2002, the Sistema Estatístico Nacional (SEN) used a NUTS codification system that was distinct from the Eurostat system. With the enactment of Decree Law 244/2002 (5 November 2002), published in the Diário da República, this system was abandoned in order to harmonize the national system with that of Eurostat.NUTS statistical regions of Switzerland
As a member of the EFTA, Switzerland (CH) is included in the Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS). The three NUTS levels are:
NUTS-2: 7 Regions
NUTS-3: 26 Cantons
The NUTS codes are as follows:
Below the NUTS levels, there are two LAU levels (LAU-1: districts; LAU-2: municipalities).
Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics