Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics

Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics or NUTS (French: Nomenclature des unités territoriales statistiques) is a geocode standard for referencing the subdivisions of countries for statistical purposes.[1][2][3][4][5][6] The standard, adopted in 2003,[7] is developed and regulated by the European Union, and thus only covers the member states of the EU in detail. The Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics is instrumental in the European Union's Structural Funds and Cohesion Fund delivery mechanisms and for locating the area where goods and services subject to European public procurement legislation are to be delivered.

For each EU member country, a hierarchy of three NUTS levels is established by Eurostat in agreement with each member state; the subdivisions in some levels do not necessarily correspond to administrative divisions within the country. A NUTS code begins with a two-letter code referencing the country, which is identical to the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code (except UK instead of GB for the United Kingdom and EL instead of GR for Greece). The subdivision of the country is then referred to with one number. A second or third subdivision level is referred to with another number each. Each numbering starts with 1, as 0 is used for the upper level. Where the subdivision has more than nine entities, capital letters are used to continue the numbering. Below the three NUTS levels are local administrative units (LAUs). A similar statistical system is defined for the candidate countries and members of the European Free Trade Association, but they are not part of NUTS governed by the regulations.

The current NUTS classification, dated 21 November 2016 and effective from 1 January 2018, lists 104 regions at NUTS 1, 281 regions at NUTS 2, 1348 regions at NUTS 3 level, and 99787 local administrative units (LAUs).[8][9]

National Structures

Not all countries have every level of division, depending on their size. For example, Luxembourg and Cyprus only have LAUs; the three NUTS divisions each correspond to the entire country itself.

Member States

Countries NUTS 1 NUTS 2 NUTS 3 LAU
Member State 28 104 281 1348 99787
Austria AT Groups of states 3 States 9 Groups of districts 35 Municipalities (Gemeinden) 2098
Belgium BE Regions 3 Provinces (+ Brussels) 11 Arrondissements (Verviers split into two) 44 Municipalities (gemeenten / communes) 589
Bulgaria BG Regions 2 Planning regions 6 Oblasts 28 Municipalities (общини, obshtini) 265
Cyprus CY 1 1 1 Municipalities, communities (δήμοι, κοινότητες, dimoi, koinotites) 615
Czech Republic CZ 1 Territorial regions (+ Prague) 8 Administrative regions 14 Municipalities (obce) 6258
Germany DE States (Bundesland) 16 Government regions (Regierungbezirk) (or equivalent) 39 Districts (Kreis) 429 Municipalities (Gemeinden) 11130
Denmark DK 1 Regions (Regioner) 5 Provinces (Landsdele) 11 Municipalities (kommuner) 99
Estonia EE 1 1 Groups of counties 5 Municipalities (Vald, linn) 79
Finland FI Mainland Finland, Åland 2 Large areas (Suuralueet / Storområden) 5 Regions (Maakunnat / Landskap) 19 Municipalities (kunnat / kommuner) 311
France FR Z.E.A.T. + DOM 9 Regions + DOM 27 Departments + DOM 101 Communes 35358
Greece EL Groups of development regions 4 Regions 13 Prefectures 51 Municipal districts/Community districts
(δημοτικό διαμέρισμα, κοινότικο διαμέρισμα, demotiko diamerisma, koinotiko diamerisma)
6133
Hungary HU Statistical large regions (statisztikai nagyrégiók) 3 Planning and statistical regions (tervezési-statisztikai régió) 8 Counties (megye) + Budapest 20 Settlements (települések) 3155
Croatia HR 1 Regions 2 Counties (županije) + Zagreb 21 Municipalities (općine) 556
Ireland IE 1 Regional Assemblies 3 Regional Authorities 8 Electoral divisions (toghroinn ceantair) 3441
Italy IT Groups of regions 5 Regions (Trentino-Alto Adige split into two) 21 Provinces 110 Municipalities (comuni, municipi) 7960
Lithuania LT 1 1 Counties 10 Municipalities (savivaldybės) 60
Luxembourg LU 1 1 1 Communes (French: communes, German: Gemeinden, Luxembourgish: Gemengen) 102
Latvia LV 1 1 Statistical regions 6 Districts, republic cities (Republikas pilsētas, novadi) 119
Malta MT 1 1 Islands 2 Local councils (kunsilli) 68
Netherlands NL Groups of provinces 4 Provinces 12 COROP regions 40 Municipalities (gemeenten) 380
Poland PL Makroregiony 7 Regiony 17 Podregiony 73 Municipalities (gminy) 2478
Portugal PT Continent + Azores + Madeira 3 Coordination and development regions + autonomous regions 7 Groups of municipalities 25 Parishes (freguesias) 3400
Romania RO Macroregions 4 Regions 8 Counties + Bucharest 42 Communes + Municipalities + Cities (comune + municipii + orașe) 3181
Spain ES Groups of autonomous communities 7 17 Autonomous communities and 2 autonomous cities 19 Provinces + Islands + Ceuta and Melilla 59 Municipalities (municipios) 8124
Sweden SE Regions (Grupper av riksområden) 3 National Areas (Riksområde) 8 Counties (Län) 21 Municipalities (kommuner) 290
Slovenia SI 1 Macroregions 2 Statistical regions 12 Municipalities (občine) 212
Slovakia SK 1 Oblasts 4 Regions (Kraje) 8 Municipalities (obce) 2926
United Kingdom UK Regions of England 9 Sub-Regions

i: of counties; or
ii: individual counties; or
iii: of districts in Greater London. [=union]

30 Upper tier authorities and groups of unitary authorities and districts 93 In England and Wales: districts or individual unitary authorities;
In Scotland: Individual unitary authorities or LECs;
In Northern Ireland: districts
400
Wales 1 Groups of Principal Areas 2 Groups of Principal Areas 12
Scotland 1 Groups of Council and/or Island Areas 4 Groups of Council Areas or Islands Areas 23
Northern Ireland 1 1 Groups of districts 5

Candidate countries

Country NUTS 1 NUTS 2 NUTS 3 LAU 1 LAU 2
Candidate countries 5 15 31 102 1028 41080
Albania AL 1 Regions (non-administrative) 3 Counties 12 Municipalities (Komunë) / Communes (Bashki / Komunë) 373
Montenegro ME 1 1 1 Municipalities (општини, opštini) 21 Settlements (Насеља, naselja) 1256
North Macedonia MK 1 1 Statistical regions 8 Municipalities (општини, opštini) 84 Settlements (Населени места, naseleni mesta) 1776
Serbia RS Groups of regions 2 Regions 5 Districts 29 n.a. n.a.
Turkey TR Regions 12 Sub-regions 26 Provinces 81 Districts (ilçeler) 923 Municipalities (belediye) 37675

EFTA countries

Country NUTS 1 NUTS 2 NUTS 3 LAU 1 LAU 2
EFTA countries 4 16 48 46 265 3242
Switzerland CH 1 Regions 7 Cantons 26 Districts (German: Bezirke, Ämter and Amtsbezirke; French: districts; Italian: distretti; Romansh: districts 166 Municipalities (German: Gemeinden, Einwohnergemeinden and politische Gemeinden; French: communes; Italian: comuni; Romansh: vischnancas) 2721
Iceland IS 1 1 Capital Region / Rest of country 2 Regions (landshlutar) 8 Municipalities (sveitarfélag) 79
Liechtenstein LI 1 1 1 Electoral districts (Landschaften) 2 Municipalities (Gemeinden) 11
Norway NO 1 Regions 7 Counties (Fylke) 19 Economic regions (Økonomiske regioner) 89 Municipalities (kommuner) 431

Maps

NUTS 1 regions EU-27
NUTS 1 as valid until 2014
NUTS 2 regions EU-27
NUTS 2 as valid until 2014
NUTS 3 regions EU-27
NUTS 3 as valid until 2014

Establishment

NUTS regions are generally based on existing national administrative subdivisions. In countries where only one or two regional subdivisions exist, or where the size of existing subdivisions is too small or too large, a second and/or third level is created. This may be on the first level (ex. France, Italy, Greece, and Spain), on the second (ex. Germany) and/or third level (ex. Belgium).[10] In smaller countries, where the entire country would be placed on the NUTS 2 or even NUTS 3 level (ex. Luxembourg, Cyprus), the regions at levels 1, 2 and 3 are identical to each other (and also to the entire country), but are coded with the appropriate length codes levels 1, 2 and 3.

The NUTS system favors existing administrative units, with one or more assigned to each NUTS level.

From the NUTS Regulation, the average population size of the regions in the respective level shall lie within the following thresholds:

Level Minimum Maximum
NUTS 1 3 million 7 million
NUTS 2 800,000 3 million
NUTS 3 150,000 800,000

For non-administrative units, deviations exist for particular geographical, socio-economic, historical, cultural or environmental circumstances, especially for islands and outermost regions.

Examples

See also

References

  1. ^ "NUTS – Nomenclature of territorial units for statistics". Ec.europa.eu. Retrieved 18 December 2016.
  2. ^ European Commission wiki Archived 19 February 2010 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ "Regulation (EC) No 176/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 February 2008". Eur-lex.europa.eu. Retrieved 24 March 2013.
  4. ^ "Regulation (EC) No 1888/2005 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26 October 2005". Eur-lex.europa.eu. Retrieved 24 March 2013.
  5. ^ "Commission Regulation (EC) No 105/2007 of 1 February 2007". Eur-lex.europa.eu. Retrieved 24 March 2013.
  6. ^ "Regulation (EC) No 1059/2003 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26 May 2003". Eur-lex.europa.eu. Retrieved 24 March 2013.
  7. ^ https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/nuts/history
  8. ^ Official Eurostat website: NUTS Overview.
  9. ^ Commission Regulation (EU) 2016/2066 amending the annexes to Regulation (EC) 1059/2003 of the European Parliament and of the Council on the establishment of a common classification of territorial units for statistics (NUTS)
  10. ^ "Europa – Eurostat – Regions – Basic principles of the NUTS". Ec.europa.eu. Retrieved 24 March 2013.

External links

NUTS of Montenegro

As a candidate country of the European Union, Montenegro (ME) is included in the Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS). The three NUTS levels are:

NUTS-1: ME0 Montenegro

NUTS-2: ME00 Montenegro

NUTS-3: ME000 MontenegroBelow the NUTS levels, there are two LAU levels (LAU-1: municipalities; LAU-2: settlements).

NUTS statistical regions of Croatia

Croatia (HR) is included in the Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS) of the European Union. The NUTS of Croatia were defined during the Accession of Croatia to the European Union, codified by the Croatian Bureau of Statistics in early 2007. The regions were last revised in 2012.The three NUTS levels are:

NUTS-1: Croatia

NUTS-2: 2 Regions (non-administrative)

NUTS-3: 21 Counties (administrative)The NUTS codes are as follows:

Below the NUTS levels, there are two LAU levels:

LAU-1: none (same as NUTS-3)

LAU-2: Cities and municipalities (Gradovi i općine)

NUTS statistical regions of Portugal

The Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS) is developed by Eurostat, and employed in Portugal for statistical purposes. The NUTS branch extends from NUTS1, NUTS2 and NUTS3 regions, with the complementary LAU (Local Administrative Units) sub-categorization being used to differentiate the local areas, of trans-national importance.

Developed by Eurostat and implemented in 1998, the Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS) regions, which comprises three levels of the Portuguese territory, are instrumental in European Union's Structural Fund delivery mechanisms. The standard was developed by the European Union, and thus only covers the member states, and extensively used by national governments, Eurostat and other EU bodies for statistical and policy matters. Until 4 November 2002, the Sistema Estatístico Nacional (SEN) used a NUTS codification system that was distinct from the Eurostat system. With the enactment of Decree Law 244/2002 (5 November 2002), published in the Diário da República, this system was abandoned in order to harmonize the national system with that of Eurostat.

NUTS statistical regions of Switzerland

As a member of the EFTA, Switzerland (CH) is included in the Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS). The three NUTS levels are:

NUTS-1: Switzerland

NUTS-2: 7 Regions

NUTS-3: 26 Cantons

The NUTS codes are as follows:

Below the NUTS levels, there are two LAU levels (LAU-1: districts; LAU-2: municipalities).

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