Nome, Alaska

Nome (/ˈnoʊm/; Inupiaq: Siqnazuaq IPA: [siqnɐzuɑq]) is a city in the Nome Census Area in the Unorganized Borough of Alaska, United States. The city is located on the southern Seward Peninsula coast on Norton Sound of the Bering Sea. In 2016 the population was estimated at 3,797, a rise from the 3,598 recorded in the 2010 Census, up from 3,505 in 2000. Nome was incorporated on April 9, 1901, and was once the most-populous city in Alaska. Nome lies within the region of the Bering Straits Native Corporation, which is headquartered in Nome.

The city of Nome claims to be home to the world's largest gold pan, although this claim has been disputed by the Canadian city of Quesnel, British Columbia. [5]

In the winter of 1925, a diphtheria epidemic raged among Alaska Natives in the Nome area. Fierce territory-wide blizzard conditions prevented the delivery of a life-saving serum by airplane from Anchorage. A relay of dog sled teams was organized to deliver the serum.


City of Nome
Steadman Street in Nome, looking north from King Place, in May 2002
Steadman Street in Nome, looking north from King Place, in May 2002
Location of Nome, Alaska
Location of Nome, Alaska
Nome is located in Alaska
Location of Nome, Alaska
Coordinates: 64°30′14″N 165°23′58″W / 64.50389°N 165.39944°WCoordinates: 64°30′14″N 165°23′58″W / 64.50389°N 165.39944°W
CountryUnited States
Census AreaNome
IncorporatedApril 12, 1901[1]
 • TypeCouncil-Manager
 • MayorRichard Beneville[2]
 • State senatorDonald Olson (D)
 • State rep.Neal Foster (D)
 • Total21.62 sq mi (55.99 km2)
 • Land12.63 sq mi (32.72 km2)
 • Water8.98 sq mi (23.27 km2)
20 ft (6 m)
 • Total3,598
 • Estimate 
 • Density175.64/sq mi (67.81/km2)
 • Demonym
Nomeite, Noman
 • Census Area
Time zoneUTC-9 (Alaska (AKST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-8 (AKDT)
ZIP Code
Area code907
FIPS code02-54920
GNIS IDs1407125, 2419435


Gold Pan, Anvil City Square

The origin of the city's name "Nome" is debated; there are three theories. The first is that the name was given by Nome's founder, Jafet Lindeberg, an immigrant from Norway. Nome appears as a toponym in several places in Norway.

A second theory is that Nome received its name through an error: allegedly when a British cartographer copied an ambiguous annotation made by a British officer on a nautical chart, while on a voyage up the Bering Strait. The officer had written "? Name" next to the unnamed cape. The mapmaker misread the annotation as "C. Nome", or Cape Nome, and used that name on his own chart;[6] the city in turn took its name from the cape.

The third proposed origin of the name is from a misunderstanding of the local Inupiaq word for "Where at?", Naami.[7]

In February 1899, some local miners and merchants voted to change the name from Nome to Anvil City, because of the confusion with Cape Nome, 12 miles (19 km) south, and the Nome River, the mouth of which is 4 mi (6.4 km) south of Nome. The United States Post Office in Nome refused to accept the change. Fearing a move of the post office to Nome City, a mining camp on the Nome River, the merchants unhappily agreed to change the name of Anvil City back to Nome.

Geography and climate

Nome Alaska aerial 2006
An aerial view of Nome, Alaska, in July 2006

Nome is located at 64°30′14″N 165°23′58″W / 64.50389°N 165.39944°W (64.503889, -165.399444).[8] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 21.6 square miles (56 km2), of which 12.5 square miles (32 km2) is land and 9.1 square miles (23.6 km2) (41.99%) is water.

Nome has a subarctic climate (Köppen Dfc), with long, very cold winters, and short, cool summers. However, conditions in both winter and summer are moderated by the city's coastal location: winters are less severe than in the Interior, and conversely, summers are lukewarm. For example, Fairbanks at a similar parallel quite far inland has much greater temperature swings with both very warm and cold temperatures throughout the year.

The coldest month is January, averaging 5.2 °F (−14.9 °C), although highs on average breach the freezing point on 2–4 days per month from December to March and there are 76 days annually of 0 °F (−17.8 °C) or lower temperatures, which have been recorded as early as October 12, 1996 and as late as May 5 in 1984. Average highs stay below freezing from late October until late April, and the average first and last dates of freezing lows are August 30 and June 9, respectively, a freeze-free period of 81 days. The warmest month is July, with an average of 52.2 °F (11.2 °C); temperatures rarely reach 80 °F (27 °C) or remain above 60 °F (16 °C) the whole night. Snow averages 76 inches (190 cm) per season, with the average first and last dates of measurable (≥0.1 inches or 0.25 centimetres) snowfall being October 4 and May 16; accumulating snow has not been officially observed in July or August. Precipitation is greatest in the summer months, and averages 16.8 inches (426.7 mm) per year. The annual average temperature is 27.35 °F (−2.58 °C). Extreme temperatures range from −54 °F (−47.8 °C) on January 27–28, 1989 up to 86 °F (30 °C) on June 19, 2013 and July 31, 1977. The hottest month has been July 1977 with a mean temperature of 56.3 °F or 13.5 °C and the coldest February 1990 with a mean of −17.2 °F or −27.3 °C.

Bering Sea water temperatures around Nome vary during summer from 34 to 48 °F (1.1 to 8.9 °C).[9]


Historical population
Census Pop.
Est. 20173,841[4]6.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[13]

Nome first appeared on the 1900 U.S. Census as an unincorporated village of 12,488 residents. At the time, it was the largest community in Alaska, ahead of Skagway and Juneau, the 2nd and 3rd largest places. The demographics for 1900 included 12,395 Whites, 42 Natives, 41 Asians and 10 Blacks.[14] It was formally incorporated as a city in 1901. By 1910, it had fallen to 2,600 residents. Of those, 2,311 were White, 235 were Natives and 54 for all other races. It dropped to the 2nd largest city in Alaska behind Fairbanks.[15] By 1920, it dropped to 9th place, with just 852 residents.

In 1930, it rose to 6th largest with 1,213 residents (882 Whites, 326 Natives, 5 others).[16] In 1940, it remained in 6th place with 1,559 residents. It dropped to 10th place in 1950 with 1,876 residents. In 1960, it rose to 8th place with 2,316 residents (with 1,608 "other", which was mostly Native; 705 Whites and 3 Blacks). By 1970, Nome had fallen out of the top 10 places to 18th largest community (although 9th largest incorporated city). In 1980, it was 15th largest (12th largest incorporated city). In 1990, it was 16th largest (12th largest incorporated city). In 2000, it was 25th largest (16th largest incorporated city). In 2010, it was now the 30th largest (16th largest incorporated city).

Inuit dance near Nome 1900
Inuit music and dance near Nome, 1900

As of the census of 2000, there were 3,505 people, 1,184 households, and 749 families residing in the city.[17] The population density was 279.7 people per square mile (108.0/km²). There were 1,356 housing units at an average density of 108.2 per square mile (41.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 51.04% Native American, 37.89% White, 1.54% Asian, 0.86% Black or African American, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.43% from other races, and 8.19% from two or more races, Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.05% of the population.

There were 1,184 households out of which 38.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.7% were married couples living together, 12.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.7% were non-families. 27.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.79 and the average family size was 3.45.

In the city, the age distribution of the population shows 31.9% under the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 32.1% from 25 to 44, 21.7% from 45 to 64, and 6.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 115.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 117.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $59,402, and the median income for a family was $68,804. Males had a median income of $50,521 versus $35,804 for females. The per capita income for the city is $23,402. About 5.4% of families and 6.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.3% under the age of 18 and 6.9% ages 65 or older.

The population of Nome is a mixture of Inupiat Eskimos and non-Natives. Although some employment opportunities are available, subsistence activities are prevalent in the community. A federally recognized tribe is located in the community, the Nome Eskimo Community. Former villagers from King Island also live in Nome. The ANCSA village corporation in Nome is Sitnasuak Native Corporation.


Nome 1900
Nome, 1900
Bird's-eye View of Nome Alaska - 1907
Seven years later (1907), houses have replaced the tents.


Inupiat hunted for game on the west coast of Alaska from prehistoric times and there is recent archeological evidence to suggest that there was an Inupiat settlement at Nome, known in Inupiat as Sitnasuak, before the discovery of gold.

Gold rush

In the summer of 1898, the "Three Lucky Swedes": Norwegian-American Jafet Lindeberg, and two naturalized American citizens of Swedish birth, Erik Lindblom and John Brynteson, discovered gold on Anvil Creek. News of the discovery reached the outside world that winter. By 1899, Nome had a population of 10,000 and the area was organized as the Nome mining district. In that year, gold was found in the beach sands for dozens of miles along the coast at Nome, which spurred the stampede to new heights. Thousands more people poured into Nome during the spring of 1900 aboard steamships from the ports of Seattle and San Francisco. By 1900, a tent city on the beaches and on the treeless coast reached 48 km (30 mi), from Cape Rodney to Cape Nome. In June of that year, Nome averaged 1000 newcomers a day.[18]

In 1899, Charles D. Lane founded Wild Goose Mining & Trading Co. Lane through his company constructed the Wild Goose Railroad, which ran from Nome to Dexter Discovery. The Railroad would later be extend in 1906-1908 to the village of Shelton also known as Lanes Landing.[19]

Many late-comers tried to "jump" the original claims by filing mining claims covering the same ground.[18] The federal judge for the area ruled the original claims valid, but some of the claim jumpers agreed to share their invalid claims with influential Washington politicians. Alexander McKenzie took an interest in the gold rush and secured the appointment of Arthur Noyes as the federal district judge for the Nome region for the purpose of taking control of gold placer mines in Nome. McKenzie seized mining claims with an unlawfully procured receivership granted by Judge Noyes. McKenzie's claim-jumping scheme was eventually stopped by the federal Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals.[20] However, the episode provided the plot for Rex Beach's best-selling novel The Spoilers (1906),[18][21] which was made into a stage play, then five times into movies, including two versions starring John Wayne: The Spoilers (1942 film) (co-starring Marlene Dietrich) and North to Alaska (1960, the theme of which mentions Nome.[22]) Wyatt Earp, of Tombstone, Arizona fame, stayed in Nome for a while. In September 1899, Earp and partner Charles E. Hoxie built the Dexter Saloon, the city's first two-story wooden building and its largest and most luxurious saloon out of more than 60 saloons.

Street scene, Nome, ca 1899 (WARNER 415).jpeg
Street scene, Nome, c. 1907

During the period from 1900−1909, estimates of Nome's population reached as high as 20,000.[18] The highest recorded population of Nome, in the 1900 United States census, was 12,488. At this time, Nome was the largest city in the Alaska Territory. Early in this period, the U.S. Army policed the area, and expelled any inhabitant each autumn who did not have shelter (or the resources to pay for shelter) for the harsh winter.

By 1910 Nome's population had fallen to 2,600,[23] and by 1934, to less than 1500.[24]

In May 1910, the Industrial Worker, the newspaper of the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW), published a notice from the Nome Miners' Union and Local 240 of the Western Federation of Miners for all unemployed workers to stay away, saying that "[a]ll the rich mines are practically worked out."[25][26]

Fires in 1905 and 1934,[24] as well as violent storms in 1900, 1913, 1945 and 1974, destroyed much of Nome's gold rush era architecture. The pre-fire "Discovery Saloon" is now a private residence and is being slowly restored as a landmark.

The Black Wolf Squadron, under the command of Capt. St. Clair Streett, landed here on 23 Aug. 1920, after the culmination of a 4527-mile flight from Mitchel Field.[27] Noel Wien and Gene Miller based their air services from Nome in June 1927.[28][29]

Serum run

Iditarod finish line
The annual Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race, which finishes in Nome, commemorates the 1925 serum run.

In 1925, Nome was the destination of the famous Great Race of Mercy, in which dog sleds played a large part in transporting diphtheria serum through harsh conditions. In 1973, Nome became the ending point of the 1,049+ mi (1,600+ km) Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race. The latter part of its route was used in the serum run.

The sled driver of the final leg of the relay was the Norwegian-born Gunnar Kaasen; his lead sled dog was Balto. A statue of Balto by F.G. Roth stands near the zoo in Central Park, New York City. Leonhard Seppala ran the penultimate, and longest, leg of the 1925 serum run to Nome. One of his dogs, Togo, is considered the forgotten hero of the Great Race of Mercy;[30] another of his dogs, Fritz, is preserved and on display at the Carrie M. McLain Memorial Museum in Nome.

World War II and later

During World War II, Nome was the last stop on the ferry system for planes flying from the United States to the Soviet Union for the Lend-lease program. The airstrip currently in use was built and troops were stationed there. One "Birchwood" hangar remains and has been transferred to a local group with hopes to restore it. It is not located on the former Marks Air Force Base (now the primary Nome Airport); rather it is a remnant of an auxiliary landing field a mile or so away: "Satellite Field". In the hills north of the city, there were auxiliary facilities associated with the Distant Early Warning system that are visible from the city but are no longer in use.

Total gold production for the Nome district has been at least 3.6 million troy ounces (110,000 kg).[31]

Nome's population decline continued after 1910 although at a fairly slow rate. By 1950 Nome had 1,852 inhabitants.[32] By 1960 the population of Nome had climbed to 2,316. At this point placer gold mining was still the leading economic activity. The local Alaska Native population was involved in ivory carving and the U.S. military had stationed troops in the city also contributing to the local economy.[33]

The Hope Sled Dog Race was run between Anadyr, Russia, and Nome after the fall of the Soviet Union. The race continued for more than a decade, but has not been run since approximately 2004.


Gold mining has been a major source of employment and revenue for Nome through to the present day. Mining's contribution to the town was estimated at $6 million dollars a year in 1990, before a major increase in the price of gold brought renewed interest to offshore leases (where 1,000,000 ounces of gold were estimated to be in reserve[34]) and a subsequent boom in revenues and employment.[35]


Higher education

Northwest Campus Nome
Northwest Campus sign

The University of Alaska Fairbanks operates a regional satellite facility in Nome called the Northwest Campus (formerly known as Northwest Community College).

Public schools

Nome is served by Nome Public Schools and the following public schools attended by over 720 students:

Private schools

  • Nome Adventist School, a private school encompassing grades 1 through 9.


Nome's airwaves are filled by the radio stations KNOM (780 AM, 96.1 FM) and KICY (850 AM, 100.3 FM), plus a repeater of Fairbanks' KUAC, K217CK, on 91.3 FM.

Cable television and broadband in Nome is serviced by GCI, which offers all popular cable channels, plus most of Anchorage's television stations. Nome also has three local low-powered stations, K09OW channel 9 and K13UG channel 13 (both carrying programming from ARCS), plus K11TH channel 11 (a 3ABN owned and operated translator).

Nome also is home to Alaska's oldest newspaper, the Nome Nugget.



Nome is a regional center of transportation for surrounding villages. There are two state-owned airports:

  • Nome Airport – public-use airport located two nautical miles (3.7 km) west of the central business district of Nome, it has one asphalt paved runway: 3/21 measures 5,576 by 150 feet (1,700 x 46 m) and 10/28 is 6,001 by 150 feet (1,829 x 46 m). An $8.5 million airport improvement project is nearing completion.
  • Nome City Field – a public-use airport located one nautical mile (1.85 km) north of the central business district of Nome, it has one runway designated 3/21 with a gravel surface measuring 1,950. It is serviced by general aviation.

Water ports

Nome has a seaport, used by freight ships and cruise ships,[36] located at 64° 30’ N and 165° 24’ W on the southern side of the Seward Peninsula in Norton Sound. The Corps of Engineers completed the Nome Harbor Improvements Project in the summer of 2006 adding a 3,025 ft (922 m) breakwater east of the existing Causeway and a 270 ft (82 m) spur on the end of the Causeway making it to a total of 2,982 feet (909 m). The City Dock (south) on the Causeway is equipped with marine headers to handle the community's bulk cargo and fuel deliveries. The City Dock is approximately 200 feet (61 m) in length with a depth of 22.5 feet (MLLW). The WestGold Dock (north) is 190 feet (58 m) in length with the same depth of 22.5 feet (ML,LW). The Westgold dock handles nearly all of the exported rock/gravel for this region and is the primary location to load/unload heavy equipment. The opening between the new breakwater and the Causeway (Outer Harbor Entrance) is approximately 500 feet (150 m) in width and serves as access to both Causeway deep water docks and the new Snake River entrance that leads into the Small Boat Harbor. The old entrance along the seawall has been filled in and is no longer navigable. (See photos on website) Buoys outline the navigation channel from the outer harbor entrance into the inner harbor. The Nome Small Boat Harbor has a depth of 10 feet (MLLW) and offers protected mooring for recreational and fishing vessels alongside 2 floating docks. Smaller cargo vessels and landing craft load village freight and fuel at the east, west and south inner harbor sheet pile docks, east beach landing and west barge ramp for delivery in the region. A new addition to the Nome facility in 2005 was a 60-foot-wide (18 m) concrete barge ramp located inside the inner harbor just west of the Snake River entrance. The ramp provides the bulk cargo carriers with a suitable location closer to the Causeway to trans-load freight to landing craft and roll equipment on and off barges. This location also has approximately 2 acres (8,100 m2) of uplands to be used for container, vessel and equipment storage.

Surface transportation

Nome Alaska road sign
The road system leading from Nome is extensive, though sparsely used during the winter months and leads mostly through remote terrain.

Local roads lead to Council, the Kougarok River, and Teller: the Nome-Council, Nome-Taylor, and Nome-Teller Highways, respectively. There are also smaller roads to communities up to 87 miles (140 km) from Nome,[37] yet no road connection to the other major cities of Alaska. There are no railroads going to or from Nome. A 500-mile (800 km) road project (Manley Hot Springs–Nome) is being discussed in Alaska. It has been estimated (as of 2010) to cost $2.3 to $2.7 billion, or approximately $5 million per mile.[38]


Local hospitals and medical centers include Norton Sound Regional Hospital and Nome Health Center. The hospital is a qualified acute care facility and medevac service. Long term care is provided by Quyaana Care Center (a unit of the hospital). Specialized care is available through various facilities such as Norton Sound Community Mental Health Center, Turning Point – Saquigvik (transitional living), and XYZ Senior Center. Nome is classified as a large town/Regional Center, it is found in EMS Region 5A in the Norton Sound Region. Emergency Services have limited highway, coastal and airport access. Emergency service is provided by 911 Telephone Service and by Nome Volunteer Ambulance Dept.

In popular culture

The reality television series Bering Sea Gold is set and filmed in Nome.

At least two major films have been set in Nome, but not filmed there: the 1995 animated/live-action family film Balto starring Kevin Bacon, and the 2009 science-fiction/horror film The Fourth Kind starring Milla Jovovich.

In "Ice", a 1993 episode of the television series X-Files, Mulder and Scully are sent to a remote Alaskan research facility at Icy Cape in which a five-member team are found dead, possibly due to an alien lifeform that infects a human host and makes its host want to kill other people. Towards the end of the episode, the personnel from Doolittle Airfield (a fictional military installation named after real-life General James (Jimmy) H. Doolittle,[39] a former resident and WWI fighter pilot and Medal of Honor recipient) in Nome, Alaska, rescue the remaining survivors and the last infected victim (character Nancy Da Silva played by Felicity Huffman) is airlifted out of the base.

The 2002 Disney comedy/adventure film Snow Dogs, starring Cuba Gooding Jr. and James Coburn, is set against the running of the Iditarod race.

An episode of the Lucy-Desi Comedy Hour depicts the Ricardo and Mertz families buying land in Nome.

In episode 1 of the 1997 BBC television travel series Full Circle, British actor, comedian, writer and presenter Michael Palin (of Monty Python fame), traveled to Nome and met a goldpanner on the "Golden Sands of Nome".

In The Simpsons Movie, the Simpsons seek refuge in Alaska. In their new log cabin home, Marge Simpson is seen knitting a tapestry that says "Nome Sweet Nome", which implies the family may have taken up residence in Nome.

In the 2018 alternate history short story Liberating Alaska by Harry Turtledove, Nome (under the name Siknazuak, which is a variant of its Iñupiat name) in the story is taken over by the Soviet Union in June 1929 and is eventually liberated by the United States Marine Corps. In the story, Alaska isn't sold to the US in 1867 and remains part of Russia until the end of the Russian Civil War when Vladimir Lenin is forced to cede Alaska to the US following the Allied intervention in the war.

True-life 1970s adventures while serving as the sole physician in Nome are recounted in "On Call in the Arctic" by Thomas J. Sims, M.D. (Pegasus 2018).

Films set in Nome

Notable people

See also


  1. ^ 1996 Alaska Municipal Officials Directory. Juneau: Alaska Municipal League/Alaska Department of Community and Regional Affairs. January 1996. p. 106.
  2. ^ "Mayor". City of Nome, Alaska.
  3. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jun 22, 2017.
  4. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  5. ^ Pynn, Larry (31 July 2010). "B.C. Small Towns Go Big-Time; 'the World's Largest' are Magic Words that Draw Tourists and their Money". The Vancouver Sun – via ProQuest.
  6. ^ "Nome Convention and Visitor Bureau". Archived from the original on 2008-03-15. Retrieved 2008-01-17.
  7. ^ "Iñupiat Eskimo dictionary" (PDF). Alaska Government. Alaska Rural School Project Department of Education. p. 166. Retrieved 22 February 2017.
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  9. ^ "". Retrieved May 5, 2019.
  10. ^ "NOWData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 23 September 2015.
  11. ^ "AK NOME MUNI AP". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 23 September 2015.
  12. ^ "WMO Climate Normals for Nome, AK 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 23 September 2015.
  13. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  14. ^
  15. ^
  16. ^
  17. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  18. ^ a b c d Carrighar, Sally January 16, 1954). "The Gold Rush Isn't Over Yet!" Saturday Evening Post. 226 (29):32-10
  19. ^ sherri, McBride (1996). "Trains of the Seward Peninsula" (PDF).
  20. ^ Tornanses v. Melsing, 106 F. 775 (9th Cir. 1901)
  21. ^ "The Spoilers". Retrieved 2013-01-23.
  22. ^ Please notice, according to North to Alaska-article the film is based on the play Birthday Gift by Ladislas Fodor.
  23. ^ Farm Journal Complete World Atlas, 1912 Edition, p. 195
  24. ^ a b Author unknown (October 1934) "Nome No More." Time. 24 (14):16
  25. ^ Upton, Austin. "IWW Yearbook 1910". IWW History Project. University of Washington. Retrieved 19 April 2016.
  26. ^ "Workers Stay Away from the Frozen North". Industrial Worker. 2 (9). 21 May 1910. p. 1.
  27. ^ Cohen, Stan (1998). Alaska Flying Expedition. Missoula: Pictorials Histories Publishing Co., Inc. pp. v, 1–2. ISBN 9781575100418.
  28. ^ Harkey, Ira (1991). Pioneer Bush Pilot. Bantam Books. p. 183-184. ISBN 0553289195.
  29. ^ Rearden, Jim (2009). Alaska's First Bush Pilots, 1923-30. Missoula: Pictorial Histories Publishing Company, Inc. p. 39-40. ISBN 9781575101477.
  30. ^ "Togo Sled Dog Overlooked by History". 1929-12-05. Retrieved 2013-01-23.
  31. ^ A.H Koschman and M.H. Bergendahl (1968) Principal Gold-Producing Districts of the United States, U.S. Geological Survey, Professional Paper 610, p.18.
  32. ^ Hammond's Complete World Atlas, 1952 Edition, p. 355
  33. ^ World Book Encyclopedia, 1967 Edition, Vol. 14, p. 351
  34. ^ "Nome Offshore Placer deposits (ARDF #NM253) Au". Retrieved 2019-01-27.
  35. ^ Stinson, Holly (1991). "Nome: Gold & Government Rule the Economy" (PDF). Alaska Department of Labor.
  36. ^ City of Nome, Port Archived March 3, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  37. ^ "General Information". Nome Convention and Visitors Bureau. Archived from the original on 2009-08-16. Retrieved 2008-09-16.
  38. ^ Cockerham, Sean (January 27, 2010). "Nome road could cost $2.7 billion". Anchorage Daily News. Archived from the original on 30 January 2010. Retrieved 7 February 2010.
  39. ^ "Jimmy Doolittle". Retrieved December 22, 2017.

External links

Alberta Schenck Adams

Alberta Daisy Schenck Adams (June 1, 1928 – July 6, 2009) was a teenage civil rights activist in the struggle for equality by the indigenous peoples in the United States Territory of Alaska. Her 1944 challenge to segregation practices was cited during the Territorial Legislature's proceedings in passage of Alaska's 1945 anti-discrimination law, a decade before the Brown v. Board of Education decision outlawed segregation in public schools, and before Rosa Parks in Alabama sparked a public bus boycott by refusing to give up her seat to a white person.


Balto (1919 – March 14, 1933) was a Siberian husky and sled dog who led his team on the final leg of the 1925 serum run to Nome, in which diphtheria antitoxin was transported from Anchorage, Alaska, to Nenana, Alaska, by train and then to Nome by dog sled to combat an outbreak of the disease. Balto was named after the Sami explorer Samuel Balto. Balto rested at the Cleveland Zoo until his death on March 14, 1933, at the age of 14. After he died, his body was stuffed and kept in the Cleveland Museum of Natural History, where it remains today.

Bering Air

Bering Air is an American airline headquartered in Nome, Alaska, United States. It operates domestic scheduled passenger and charter airline services, as well as air ambulance and helicopter services. Its main base is Nome Airport, with hubs at Ralph Wien Memorial Airport (Kotzebue) and Unalakleet Airport

Donny Olson

Donald C. "Donny" Olson (born June 18, 1953) is a Democratic member of the Alaska Senate, representing the T district since 2001.

Gail Phillips

Ramona Gail Phillips (née McIver) (born May 15, 1944) is an American politician and businesswoman.

Born in Juneau, Alaska, Phillips graduated from Nome High School, in Nome, Alaska, in 1962. She then received her bachelor's degree in business education from University of Alaska Fairbanks. Phillips was involving in the mining industry. She also owned Quiet Sports Store and managed Wein Air Alaska, Phillips taught business education in Nome, Alaska from 1967 to 1969. Phillips served on the Homer, Alaska City Council from 1981 t0 1984. From 1984 to 1986, Phillips served on the Kenai Peninsula Borough Assembly and was involved with the Republican Party. Phillips served in the Alaska House of Representatives from 1991 to 2001 and was speaker of the house from 1995 to 1999. In 2002, Phillips ran for the election for Lieutenant Governor of Alaska and lost the election.

Gunnar Kaasen

Gunnar Kaasen (March 11, 1882 – November 27, 1960) was a Norwegian-born musher who delivered a cylinder containing 300,000 units of diphtheria antitoxin to Nome, Alaska, in 1925, as the last leg of a dog sled relay that saved the U.S. city from an epidemic.

Jafet Lindeberg

Jafet Lindeberg (September 12, 1874 – November 5, 1962) was a gold prospector and co-founder of the city of Nome, Alaska.


KICY-FM is a commercial christian contemporary music radio station in Nome, Alaska, broadcasting on 100.3 FM.


KICY is a commercial radio station airing Southern Gospel music and other Christian religious programming in Nome, Alaska, broadcasting on 850 kHz AM.

From the 11:00 PM to 4:00 AM critical hours the station transmits with a three-tower directional array located slightly east of Nome, and pointing due west into Siberia, and airs Russian language programming.


KNOM is a non-commercial Catholic radio station in Nome, Alaska, broadcasting at 780 AM and 96.1 FM. The station owner and licensee is KNOM Radio Mission, Inc., a 501(c)3 nonprofit entity with seven board members. The FM signal is 1000 watts and covers the city of Nome and immediate surrounding environs. The AM signal is 25 kilowatts during the daytime and can be heard as far north as Barter Island and as far south as the Alaska Peninsula, with regular coverage of approximately 100,000 square miles (260,000 km2). Its signal penetrates deep into the Russian Far East.

In addition to its local news, weather, public affairs and religious programming, KNOM broadcasts a wide range of music in various formats. It also broadcasts national news from CNN via Westwood One, as well as some syndicated programming, such as the Christian 20 The Countdown Magazine and the secular American Top 40: The 70s.

The station's newsroom is staffed by one full-time news director and as many as two full-time volunteer reporters. An Associated Press member station since 1971, the station dropped its AP affiliation in 2014.

In April 2015, the station was awarded "Best Daily News Program, Radio" in Alaska by the Alaska Press Club.


KQQN is a Christian radio station licensed to Nome, Alaska, broadcasting on 89.3 MHz FM. KQQN is an affiliate of Radio 74 Internationale and is owned by Nome Seventh-Day Adventist Church.

Marks Air Force Base

Marks Air Force Base is a former United States Air Force facility located two nautical miles (4 km) west of the central business district of Nome, a city in the Nome Census Area of the U.S. state of Alaska. Following its closure, it was redeveloped into Nome Airport.

Neal Foster

Neal Winston Foster (born May 29, 1972) is a member of the Alaska House of Representatives, representing the 39th District, which is centered on Nome, Alaska. He has served in the House since November 15, 2009. He was appointed to the House to replace his father, Richard Foster, who had died in office the previous month. In the 27th Alaska State Legislature, Foster joined along with the other three Democrats from Western Alaska, Bryce Edgmon, Bob Herron and Reggie Joule, as members in the Republican-led majority caucus in the House.

Neal Foster, as was Cathy Muñoz, is a third-generation member of the Alaska Legislature. Foster's grandfather, also named Neal W. Foster (1916–1979) and nicknamed "Willie," served one term in the Territorial legislature during the 1950s and in the State Senate in the 1960s.

Nome Airport

Nome Airport (IATA: OME, ICAO: PAOM, FAA LID: OME) is a state owned, public use airport located two nautical miles (4 km) west of the central business district of Nome, a city in the Nome Census Area of the U.S. state of Alaska.As per Federal Aviation Administration records, the airport had 59,984 passenger boardings (enplanements) in calendar year 2008, 54,994 enplanements in 2009, and 56,658 in 2010. It is included in the National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems for 2011–2015, which categorized it as a primary commercial service airport (more than 10,000 enplanements per year).The State of Alaska also operates Nome City Field (FAA LID: 94Z), a public general aviation airfield located one nautical mile (1.85 km) north of the city.

Nome Gold Rush

The Nome Gold Rush was a gold rush in Nome, Alaska, approximately 1899–1909. It is separated from other gold rushes by the ease with which gold could be obtained. Much of the gold was lying in the beach sand of the landing place and could be recovered without any need for a claim. Nome was a sea port without a harbor, and the biggest town in Alaska.

Together with the Klondike Gold Rush (1896–1899) and Fairbanks Gold Rush (1903–1911), Nome was among the biggest gold rushes north of 60 degrees latitude on the North American continent. It shared prospectors with both Klondike and later rushes like Fairbanks. It is memorialized in films like North to Alaska. Nome City still exists and the area is mined as Nome mining district and by tourists. Total production of gold from the area is estimated to be 112 metric tons.

Nome Public Schools

Nome Public Schools (NPS), also known as the Nome City School District, is the school district serving the city of Nome, Alaska. The district has one of the highest efficiencies in Western Alaska. The current superintendent of the district is Jamie Burgess.Though public schools have existed in Nome since 1902, the present-day school district exists mostly to fulfill the obligation that first-class cities in the Unorganized Borough have under state law to provide education and planning/zoning functions within their cities. As such, it is separate from the Bering Strait School District which serves the smaller communities of the surrounding area.

NPS oversees five schools: two traditional grade-based schools (one for elementary grades and one for junior and senior high school grades), plus a charter magnet school, a correspondence program and a school program located in Nome Youth Facility. These five schools have a total enrollment of approximately 720 students, with enrollment per school ranging from 15 to 375.

Samuel Balto

Samuel Johannesen Balto (May 5, 1861 – 1921) was a Norwegian–Sami explorer and adventurer. Balto skied with Fridtjof Nansen across Greenland in 1888–89.

Sinrock Mary

Changunak Antisarlook Andrewuk (also known as Sinrock Mary or the Queen of Reindeer) (1870 - 1948) was a Russian and Inupiat businesswoman who became one of the richest women in Alaska due to her work in the reindeer industry.

Snake River (Nome, Alaska)

This article is about the river on the Seward Peninsula of Alaska. There is another Snake River in Alaska, which discharges into Nushagak Bay near Dillingham. For other rivers named Snake River, see Snake River (disambiguation).Snake River is a waterway on the Seward Peninsula in the U.S. state of Alaska. Flowing southerly, it discharges into Norton Sound, Bering Sea, at Nome, with its mouth lying between the city's downtown area and its main airport. The river is 20 miles (32 km) long.

Climate data for Nome, Alaska
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 51
Average high °F (°C) 13.1
Daily mean °F (°C) 5.2
Average low °F (°C) −2.8
Record low °F (°C) −54
Average precipitation inches (mm) 0.94
Average snowfall inches (cm) 12.7
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 inch) 10.7 9.5 8.6 8.5 8.6 8.5 12.2 15.5 14.9 12.1 11.5 11.9 132.5
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 inch) 11.3 9.8 9.1 8.4 3.5 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.9 6.1 11.2 12.1 72.7
Average relative humidity (%) 72.3 69.4 70.6 73.7 73.7 74.1 78.5 79.7 75.1 74.1 74.5 71.6 73.9
Mean monthly sunshine hours 62.2 140.1 205.0 245.3 290.3 275.3 250.3 178.1 153.6 116.7 66.4 53.0 2,036.3
Percent possible sunshine 37 59 56 54 50 43 41 35 39 39 35 41 45
Source: NOAA (1981–2010 normals, extremes 1906–present, sun and relative humidity 1961–1990)[10][11][12]
Municipalities and communities of Nome Census Area, Alaska, United States
Ghost towns
Actual story
Film series
Related articles
Klondike Gold Rush
Gold Rushes
Largest cities
pop. over 25,000
Smaller cities
pop. over 2,000
Census Areas

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