Nine-O-Nine

Nine-O-Nine was a Boeing B-17G-30-BO Flying Fortress heavy bomber, of the 323rd Bomb Squadron, 91st Bomb Group, that completed 140 combat missions during World War II, believed to be the Eighth Air Force record for most missions, without loss to the crews that flew it. A different B-17G, painted to mimic the Nine-O-Nine, crashed at Bradley International Airport in Windsor Locks, Connecticut in October 2019.

Nine-O-Nine
B-17-231503-bassingborne
The Collings Foundation B-17G flying in the colours of Nine-O-Nine, 323rd BS B-17G, displaying 1st Combat Bomb Wing tail markings
Type Boeing B-17G-30-BO Flying Fortress
Manufacturer Boeing Airplane Company
Construction number 7023
Manufactured December 15, 1943
Serial 42-31909
Owners and operators 91st Bomb Group USAAF
In service December 15, 1943–December 7, 1945
Total hours 1,129 hours

Service history

The original aircraft, from a group of 30 B-17Gs manufactured by Boeing, was nicknamed after the last three digits of her serial number: 42-31909. Nine-O-Nine was added to the USAAF inventory on December 15, 1943, and flown overseas on February 5, 1944. After depot modifications, she was delivered to the 91st BG at RAF Bassingbourn, England, on February 24, 1944, as a replacement aircraft, one of the last B-17s received in factory-applied camouflage paint.[1]

A former navigator of the 91st BG, Marion Havelaar, reported in his history of the group that Nine-O-Nine completed either 126 or 132 consecutive missions without aborting for mechanical reasons, also believed to be a record.[2] M/Sgt. Rollin L. Davis, maintenance line chief of the bomber, received the Bronze Star for his role in achieving the record.

Her first bombing raid was on Augsburg, Germany, on February 25, 1944. She made 18 bombing raids on Berlin. In all she flew 1,129 hours and dropped 562,000lb (225 tonnes) of bombs. She had 21 engine changes, four wing panel changes, 15 main gas tank changes, and 18 changes of Tokyo tanks (long-range fuel tanks).[3]

Nine-O-Nine returned to the United States after the war in Europe finished, on June 8, 1945. It was sent to the RFC facility at Kingman, Arizona on December 7, 1945, and eventually scrapped.

Collings Foundation Nine-O-Nine

The Collings Foundation of Stow, Massachusetts, flew a different B-17G—painted as Nine-O-Nine—at airshows and for "living history" flights, from 1986[4] until October 2019.

Military history

Waundrewindisplikers
Collings Foundation's Nine-O-Nine, in Manassas, Virginia, on August 27, 1992
Collings Foundation B-17G Flying Fortress "Nine O Nine" landing at Paine Field, Washington
Collings Foundation's Nine-O-Nine coming in to land at Paine Field, Washington State, on June 15, 2012
B17 wreckage at BDL
Collings Foundation's Nine-O-Nine after its October 2019 crash

Flying Fortress 44-83575 (variant B-17G-85-DL) was built by the Douglas Aircraft Company in Long Beach, California, and was accepted by the military on April 7, 1945. Arriving too late for use in combat, 44-83575 operated as an Air-Sea Rescue aircraft until 1952, when it was reassigned to the Air Force Special Weapons Command for use as a specimen in weapons-effects testing. In this role, it was subjected to three nuclear explosions as part of Operation Tumbler–Snapper.[5] After a 13-year "cool down" period, the plane was sold for scrap,[3] for a price of US$269 (equivalent to $2,139 in 2018).[5]

Civilian history

As 44-83575 was in relatively good condition, it was restored by Aircraft Specialties Company[3] to airworthy condition for use as a water bomber over the course of ten years, entering service in 1977, until its operator's liquidation in 1985.[5]

The Collings Foundation purchased the aircraft in January 1986, and its subsequent restoration to wartime configuration by Tom Reilly Vintage Aircraft won several awards.[3] Carrying civil registration N93012, the plane was painted as Nine-O-Nine (including "231909" on the tail) and appeared at many airshows.[3]

Incidents

On August 23, 1987, N93012 was caught by crosswinds during a landing at Beaver County Airport near Pittsburgh. Landing too far down the runway, the plane rolled off the end of runway, crashed through a fence and power pole, and came to rest down a 100-foot (30 m) ravine.[3] Landing gear, chin and ball turrets, bomb bay doors, Plexiglass nose, nacelles, wings, and fuselage all sustained damage.[3] There were no fatalities, however three of the twelve people onboard were injured.[6][7] Repair work by volunteers and Air Heritage Aircraft Restoration Inc., supported by donations, brought N93012 back to airworthy condition.[3]

On July 9, 1995, N93012 was again damaged, this time near Norfolk, Nebraska, when its landing gear would not fully deploy and it was forced to make an emergency landing, causing some damage to the fuselage and at least one propeller.[6]

On the morning of October 2, 2019, N93012 crashed at Bradley International Airport in Windsor Locks, Connecticut, while attempting to return shortly after takeoff.[8][9] The aircraft was destroyed in the crash, and seven of the thirteen people on board were killed.[10] The National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) launched an investigation, which may take 12 to 18 months to determine the cause of the crash.[11]

References

  1. ^ Havelaar, Marion H. (1995) The Ragged Irregulars of Bassingbourn: The 91st Bombardment Group in World War II. Schiffer Military History. ISBN 0-88740-810-9 p.185
  2. ^ Havelaar, pp. 190 and 130, respectively
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h "History of the B-17 Nine O Nine". Collings Foundation. Archived from the original on August 9, 2014. Retrieved 16 January 2007 – via Wayback Machine.
  4. ^ Henrichs, Mary (August 11, 1986). "Sight of vintage bomber startles ex-crew member". The Vidette-Messenger. Valparaiso, Indiana. p. 9. Retrieved October 4, 2019 – via newspapers.com.
  5. ^ a b c Thompson, Scott A. (2000) Final Cut: The Post-War B-17 Flying Fortress: The Survivors. Pictorial Histories Publishing Company. ISBN 1-57510-077-0 pp.116-120
  6. ^ a b "Nine-O-Nine's Replica Survives Emergency" (PDF). The Ragged Irregular. Vol. 28 no. 4. October 1995. pp. 1–2 – via 91stbombgroup.com.
  7. ^ Danhauer, Clifford (January 11, 1989). "National Transportation Safety Board Aviation Accident Data Summary, Accident Number: NYC87LA238". NTSB. Retrieved October 3, 2019 – via ntsb.gov.
  8. ^ "B17 crash leads to fire, closure of Bradley Airport it burned up, completely destroying the aircraft". WFSB.com. Retrieved 2 October 2019.
  9. ^ "WATCH LIVE: Officials called to aircraft crash at Bradley Airport, airport closed". WPRI.com. Retrieved 2 October 2019.
  10. ^ "'Several dead' in Connecticut vintage B-17 WWII bomber crash". BBC News Online. Retrieved October 2, 2019.
  11. ^ "NTSB investigating whether B-17 that crashed at Conn. airport had engine troubles before takeoff". Hartford Courant. October 3, 2019. Retrieved October 4, 2019 – via MSN.

External links

2019 Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress crash

On October 2, 2019, a Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress owned by the Collings Foundation crashed at Bradley International Airport, Windsor Locks, Connecticut, United States. Seven of the thirteen people on board were killed, and the other six, as well as one person on the ground, were injured. The aircraft was destroyed by fire, with only the tail and a portion of one wing remaining.

909 (disambiguation)

909 may refer to:

909, a year in the 10th century

Area code 909 in the United StatesHighwaysFlorida State Road 909

Maryland Route 909

Saskatchewan Highway 909, in CanadaMilitary909th Air Refueling Squadron, part of the United States Air Force

Kosmos 909, a former Russian satellite

Nine-O-Nine, a former Boeing B-17G Flying Fortress (S/N 42-31909)

Type 909 weapon trials ship, a class of ships used by the People's Republic of China

USS LST-909, a former ship of the United States NavyMusic"One After 909", a song by The Beatles

"Revolution 909", an instrumental single by Daft Punk

Roland TR-909, a drum machineOtherAeroflot Flight 909, a 1976 plane crash

CEA-909, an ANSI standard for smart antennas

Porsche 909 Bergspyder, a 1968 sports car

United Nations Security Council Resolution 909, a 1994 resolution pertaining to Rwanda

91st Bombardment Group

The 91st Bomb Group (Heavy) was an air combat unit of the United States Army Air Forces during the Second World War. Classified as a heavy bombardment group, the 91st operated B-17 Flying Fortress aircraft and was known unofficially as "The Ragged Irregulars" or as "Wray's Ragged Irregulars", after the commander who took the group to England. During its service in World War II the unit consisted of the 322nd, 323rd, 324th, and 401st Bomb Squadrons. The 91st Bomb Group is most noted as the unit in which the bomber Memphis Belle flew, and for having suffered the greatest number of losses of any heavy bomb group in World War II.

The 91st Bomb Group conducted 340 bombing missions with the Eighth Air Force over Europe, operating out of RAF Bassingbourn. Inactivated at the end of the war, the group was brought back in 1947 as a reconnaissance group of the United States Air Force, and then had its lineage and honors bestowed on like-numbered wings of the Strategic Air Command, the Air Force Space Command and the Air Force Global Strike Command.

From 1 July 1947, until its drawdown in February 1952, the 91st Strategic Reconnaissance Group provided worldwide surveillance, flying RB-29s, RB-45s and RB-47s as a subordinate component of the 91st Strategic Reconnaissance Wing, consisting of the 322nd, 323rd, and 324th Strategic Recon Squadrons, and the 91st Air Refueling Squadron (Medium). The group was inactivated on 28 May 1952, as part of an SAC-wide termination of groups as an organizational echelon, while the wing and all subordinate units remained active until 8 November 1957.

The group was activated in 1991 as the 91st Operations Group. Between 1991 and 1994, and since 1996, the 91st Operations Group, initially as part of the 91st Space Wing, and since renamed the 91st Missile Wing, maintains the alert force of Minuteman III intercontinental ballistic missiles maintained at Minot Air Force Base, North Dakota. Its three missile squadrons, however, have no traditional link to the 91st Bomb Group and were previously part of the 455th Strategic Missile Wing and 455th Bomb Group.

Accidents and incidents involving the Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress

This is a partial list of accidents and incidents involving the Boeing-designed B-17 Flying Fortress. Combat losses are not included except for a very few cases denoted by singular circumstances. A few documented drone attrition cases are also included.

Aircraft were constructed by a three firm consortium, Boeing, Vega and Douglas, known by the acronym BVD. Boeing built airframes at their plant in Seattle, Washington and their production models were appended -BO. Douglas Aircraft Company constructed airframes at Long Beach, California with a -DL suffix. The Vega Aircraft Corporation, a subsidiary of the Lockheed Aircraft Company, at Burbank, California, delivered airframes with the -VE suffix.

B-17 Flying Fortress units of the United States Army Air Forces

This is a list of United States Army Air Forces B-17 Flying Fortress units of the United States Army Air Forces including variants and other historical information. Heavy bomber training organizations primarily under II Bomber Command in the United States and non-combat units are not included.

The B-17 Flying Fortress was perhaps the most well-known American heavy bomber of the Second World War (1939/41-1945), . It achieved a fame far beyond that of its more-numerous contemporary, the Consolidated B-24 Liberator. The first pre-production Y1B-17 Fortress was delivered to the 2d Bombardment Group, Langley Field, Virginia on 11 January 1936; the first production B-17B was delivered on 29 March 1939 also to the 2nd Bombardment Group. A total of 12,677 production Fortresses was built before production came to an end. In August 1944, the Boeing B-17 equipped no less than 33 overseas combat groups.

The last Boeing-built B-17G was delivered to the USAAF on 13 April 1945. Following the end of World War II, the Flying Fortress was rapidly withdrawn from USAAF service, being replaced by the B-29 Superfortress. Literally thousands of Fortresses used in combat in Europe by Eighth or Fifteenth Air Force or in the United States by II Bomber Command training units were flown to various disposal units. A few were sold to private owners, but the vast majority were cut up for scrap

Aircraft in the final early 1945 production manufacturing block by Boeing or Lockheed-Vega (Block 110) were converted to the B-17H search and rescue model, being modified to carry a lifeboat under the fuselage. Postwar B-17s were used by the Military Air Transport Service Air Rescue Service, in 1948 being re-designated SB-17G. Some RB-17Gs were also used by the MATS Air Photographic and Charting Service (APCS). A few SB-17s were used by the Air Rescue Service in Japan during the Korean War (1950–1953), but all of the postwar B-17s were retired from MATS by the mid-1950s, becoming Air Proving Ground Command QB-17 Drones or DB-17 Drone directors. The drones were operated primarily by the 3205th Drone Group, Eglin AFB, Florida.

The last operational USAF B-17 mission was on 6 August 1959, when DB-17P 44-83684 (Originally a Douglas/Long Beach B-17G-90-DL) directed QB-17G 44-83717 which was expended as a target for an AIM-4 Falcon air-to-air missile fired from an F-101 Voodoo, near Holloman AFB, New Mexico. 44-83684 arrived at Davis-Monthan AFB for storage a few days later. The few DB-17P remaining operational drone controllers remaining on Air Force rolls afterward were transferred to various museums in 1960.

Beaver County Airport

Beaver County Airport or (IATA: BFP, ICAO: KBVI, FAA LID: BVI) is a county-owned public airport three miles northwest of Beaver Falls, in Beaver County, Pennsylvania.Most U.S. airports use the same three-letter location identifier for the FAA and IATA, but Beaver County Airport is BVI to the FAA and BFP to the IATA (which assigned BVI to Birdsville Airport in Birdsville, Queensland, Australia).

Collings Foundation

The Collings Foundation is a private non-profit educational foundation located in Stow, Massachusetts, founded in 1979 by Robert F. Collings and Caroline Collings with a mission dedicated to the preservation and public display of transportation-related history, namely automobile and aviation history. The Collings Foundation is headquartered at a small private airfield in Stow that includes a small museum that opens for special events and pre-scheduled tour groups. On July 4, 2013, Military Vehicle Technology Foundation founded by Jacques Littlefield, donated their entire collection of military vehicles to the Collings Foundation. The vehicles are now the centerpiece of the new American Heritage Museum, located at the Collings campus in Stow.

The organization also has a satellite operations base in Houston, Texas, located at Ellington Field primarily housing the Korean War and Vietnam War jet aircraft and helicopter collection. The Collings Foundation operates two touring collections of historic military aircraft: The Wings of Freedom Tour and The Vietnam Memorial Flight. The Wings of Freedom flights also provided a platform for testing a smartphone-based Automatic dependent surveillance – broadcast (ADS-B), a means of future air safety technology.

Eighth Air Force

The Eighth Air Force (Air Forces Strategic) (8 AF) is a numbered air force (NAF) of the United States Air Force's Air Force Global Strike Command (AFGSC). It is headquartered at Barksdale Air Force Base, Louisiana. The command serves as Air Forces Strategic – Global Strike, one of the air components of United States Strategic Command (USSTRATCOM). The Eighth Air Force includes the heart of America's heavy bomber force: the B-2 Spirit stealth bomber, the B-1 Lancer supersonic bomber, and the B-52 Stratofortress heavy bomber aircraft.

Established on 22 February 1944 by the redesignation of VIII Bomber Command at RAF Daws Hill in High Wycombe, England, the Eighth Army Air Force (8 AAF) was a United States Army Air Forces combat air force in the European Theater of World War II (1939/41–1945), engaging in operations primarily in the Northern Europe area of responsibility; carrying out strategic bombing of enemy targets in France, the Low Countries, and Germany; and engaging in air-to-air fighter combat against enemy aircraft until the German capitulation in May 1945. It was the largest of the deployed combat Army Air Forces in numbers of personnel, aircraft, and equipment.

During the Cold War (1945–1991), 8 AF was one of three Numbered Air Forces of the United States Air Force's Strategic Air Command (SAC), with a three-star general headquartered at Westover AFB, Massachusetts commanding USAF strategic bombers and missiles on a global scale. Elements of 8 AF engaged in combat operations during the Korean War (1950–1953); Vietnam War (1961–1975), as well as Operation Desert Storm (1990–1991) over Iraq and occupied Kuwait in the First Persian Gulf War.

Index of World War II articles (N)

N Force

N. G. L. Hammond

N. H. Gibbs

Nabatingue Toko

Nabetari

Nacht und Nebel

Nachtigall Battalion

Nada Dimić

Nadar (photographer)

Nadia Boulanger

Nagai Naoyuki

Nagant M1895

Nagara-class cruiser

Nagasaki Atomic Bomb Museum

Nagasaki National Peace Memorial Hall for the Atomic Bomb Victims

Nagasaki Peace Park

Nagasaki, Nagasaki

Nagato-class battleship

Nahverteidigungswaffe

Nairana-class escort carrier

Nakajima B5N

Nakajima B6N

Nakajima G10N

Nakajima G8N

Nakajima J1N

Nakajima J9Y

Nakajima Ki-115

Nakajima Ki-116

Nakajima Ki-201

Nakajima Ki-27

Nakajima Ki-43

Nakajima Ki-44

Nakajima Ki-84

Nakam

Nakamura Incident

Nakamuta Kuranosuke

Nambu pistol

Namdeo Jadav

Name of Paris and its inhabitants

Names of the Holocaust

Namsos Campaign

Nanchang CJ-6

Nanchang J-12

Nanchang Q-5

Nanchang Uprising

Nancy Cunard

Nancy Greene

Nancy Harkness Love

Nancy Kulp

Nancy Salmon

Nancy Wake

Nand Singh

Naniwa-class cruiser

Nanjing Massacre Memorial Hall

Nanjing Military Region

Nanking (2007 film)

Nanking Massacre

Nanking Safety Zone

Nanma-Linqu Campaign

Nanne Zwiep

Nansenhjelpen

Nanterre – Université (Paris RER)

Nantes Atlantique Airport

Nantes Cathedral

Nantes

Naoki Hoshino

Naomasa Sakonju

Naomi Rozenberg

Naples Municipal Airport

Napoleon I of France

Napoleon II of France

Napoleon III of France

Napoleon Zervas

Narcisse-Achille de Salvandy

Nariakira Arisaka

Narvik-class destroyer

Narvik Shield

Nashiba Tokioki

Nashorn

Nasjonal Samling

Nassim Akrour

Natalia Karp

Natalia Paley

Natalya Myeklin

Nathalie Kosciusko-Morizet

Nathan Abshire

Nathan Bedford Forrest III

Nathan Green Gordon

Nathan Gregory Silvermaster

Nathaniel Clifton

Nathaniel Fiennes, 21st Baron Saye and Sele

Nation (Paris Métro and RER)

National Alliance (Sweden)

National Alliance (United States)

National and Social Liberation

National Anthem of Manchukuo

National Armed Forces

National Committee for a Free Germany

National D-Day Memorial

National Day of Commemorating the Holocaust

National Defense (Poland)

National Defense Research Committee

National European Social Movement

National Front (Australia)

National Front (French Resistance)

National Front (Switzerland)

National Government 1935–1940

National HRO

National Japanese American Memorial To Patriotism During World War II

National Labour Party (UK, 1957)

National Leadership Computing Facility

National Legionary State

National Liberation Front (Greece)

National Liberation War of Macedonia

National Military Council

National Military Organization

National Mobilization Law

National Movement (Luxembourg)

National Movement of Switzerland

National Party (UK, 1976)

National Party of Europe

National Political Institutes of Education

National Popular Rally

National redoubt

National Renaissance Party (United States)

National Renewal Party

National Republican Greek League

National Revolutionary Army

National Security Corps

National Social Movement (Bulgaria)

National Socialism Association (Taiwan)

National Socialism: Vanguard of the Future

National Socialist Action Party

National Socialist Bloc

National Socialist Dutch Workers Party

National Socialist Factory Cell Organization

National Socialist Flyers Corps

National Socialist Freedom Movement

National Socialist Front

National Socialist German Students' League

National Socialist Industrial Workers' Union

National Socialist Japanese Workers and Welfare Party

National Socialist League

National Socialist Motor Corps

National Socialist Movement (UK, 1962)

National Socialist Movement (United Kingdom)

National Socialist Movement (United States)

National Socialist Movement in the Netherlands

National Socialist Movement of Chile

National Socialist Movement of Denmark

National Socialist Movement of Norway

National Socialist Party of America

National Socialist Party of New Zealand

National Socialist Program

National Socialist Turkish Movement

National Socialist Vanguard

National Socialist White People's Party (Harold Covington)

National Socialist Workers' Party (Sweden)

National Socialist Workers' Party of Denmark

National Spiritual Mobilization Movement

National States' Rights Party

National symbols of Mengjiang

National Union (Switzerland)

National Union of Greece

National Vanguard (American organization)

National War Memorial (New Zealand)

National World War II Memorial

National World War II Museum

National Youth

Nationale (Paris Métro)

Nationalist Party (Iceland)

Native Americans and World War II

Native oppositors against Japanese regime(WW2)

Natividad González Parás

Natzweiler-Struthof

Nauman Scott

Naval Air Establishment Chiang Hung

Naval Artillery War Badge

Naval Battle of Guadalcanal

Naval Battle of Vella Lavella

Naval Intelligence Handbooks

Naval Outlying Field San Nicolas Island

Naval ranks of the Japanese Empire during World War II

Naval Support Facility Kamiseya

Naval War College (Japan)

Naval weaponry of the People's Liberation Army Navy

Navigo pass

Navy of the Independent State of Croatia

Nawitz

Naxos radar detector

Nazi-Soviet population transfers

Nazi

Nazi Abad

Nazi Agent

Nazi Anti-Flag Desecration Law

Nazi archaeology

Nazi architecture

Nazi belt buckle pistol

Nazi book burnings

Nazi boycott of Jewish businesses

Nazi chic

Nazi chocolate bar bomb

Nazi concentration camp badges

Nazi concentration camps in Norway

Nazi concentration camps

Nazi crimes against ethnic Poles

Nazi eugenics

Nazi exploitation

Nazi Germany

Nazi Ghost Train

Nazi gold

Nazi human experimentation

Nazi hunter

Nazi Lowriders

Nazi memorabilia

Nazi occultism

Nazi party paramilitary ranks

Nazi party rally grounds

Nazi Party

Nazi plunder

Nazi Pop Twins

Nazi propaganda

Nazi Punks Fuck Off (Napalm Death)

Nazi Punks Fuck Off!

Nazi songs

Nazi symbolism

Nazi university

Nazi War Crimes and Japanese Imperial Government Records Interagency Working Group

Nazi Writer's Union

Nazis in fiction

Nazism and cinema

Nazism in the United States

Neagu Djuvara

Neal Anderson Scott

Neal Edward Smith

Nebelwerfer

Nebeští jezdci

Nebojša Zlatarić

Nebraska World War II Army Airfields

Necdet Kent

Necessary Evil (aircraft)

Nederlandsche SS

Needles Airport

Neel E. Kearby

Neger

Negro Colleges in War Time

Nehemiah Persoff

Nehru Brigade

Neil Cameron, Baron Cameron of Balhousie

Neil McLean (politician)

Neil Ritchie

Neil Rutherford

Neldon Theo French

Nellie Jane DeWitt

Nelson-class battleship

Nelson Rae

Nemesis at Potsdam

Nemmersdorf massacre

Neo-Nazi music

Nepal during World War II

Neptuna

Nesse Godin

Nestor Chylak

Nestor Makhno

Net laying ship

Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose: The Forgotten Hero

Netherlands American Cemetery

Netherlands East Indies campaign

Netherlands in World War II

Netherlands Indian roepiah

Netrabahadur Thapa

Neubaufahrzeug

Neuengamme concentration camp

Neuropa

Nevada-class battleship

Never on These Shores

Never So Few

Never Surrender (novel)

Never was so much owed by so many to so few

Nevile Henderson

Neville Brand

Neville Chamberlain

Neville Duke

Neville Jeffress

Neville McNamara

Nevsky Pyatachok

New 1st Army

New 6th Army

New Britain campaign

New Castle Airport

New European Order

New Fourth Army Incident

New Fourth Army

New Guinea campaign

New Guinea Volunteer Rifles

New Mexico-class battleship

New Order (Neo-Nazi group)

New Order (political system)

New Triumph Party

New York-class battleship

New Zealand Expeditionary Force

New Zealand Tomb of the Unknown Warrior

Newfoundland Escort Force

Newington Armory

Newport Municipal Airport (Arkansas)

Newt Loken

Newton Henry Mason

Newton Steers

Next Objective (B-29)

Nguyen-Thien Dao

Ni Liv

NI Tank

Niall Macpherson, 1st Baron Drumalbyn

Nicholas Colasanto

Nicholas Georgescu-Roegen

Nicholas Goodrick-Clarke

Nicholas Metropolis

Nicholas Minue

Nicholas Oresko

Nicholas Winton

Nichols Field

Nichts als die Wahrheit

Nick Alkemade

Nick Barone

Nick Cardy

Nick Fury

Nick Griffin

Nick Mallett

Nick Virgilio

Nick Winter

Nicky Barr

Nicolaos Matussis

Nicolaas Bloembergen

Nicolae Carandino

Nicolae Ceauşescu

Nicolae Cristea (communist)

Nicolae Malaxa

Nicolae Neagoe

Nicolae Petrescu-Comnen

Nicolae Rădescu

Nicolae Tătăranu

Nicolae Titulescu

Nicolae Vasilescu-Karpen

Nicolangelo Carnimeo

Nicolas Anelka

Nicolas Ardouin

Nicolas Boileau-Despréaux

Nicolas Catinat

Nicolas Chamfort

Nicolas Chorier

Nicolas Chuquet

Nicolas Cousin

Nicolas de Gunzburg

Nicolas Fabiano

Nicolas Fouquet

Nicolas Gillet

Nicolas Goussé

Nicolas Hayer

Nicolas Ouédec

Nicolas Ravot d'Ombreval

Nicolas Sarkozy

Nicolas Savinaud

Nicolas Schlegelmilch

Nicolaus von Below

Nicole Marthe Le Douarin

Nicole Milinaire

Nie Rongzhen

Niederhagen concentration camp

Niels Bohr

Niels Larsen

Nielson Field

Nieuwlande

Nigel Bridge, Baron Bridge of Harwich

Nigel Gray Leakey

Nigel Maynard

Nigel Patrick

Nigel Poett

Nigel Stock (actor)

Night (book)

Night and Fog (1955 film)

Night of the Aurochs

Night of the Long Knives

Night Over Water

Night Train to Munich

Night Witches

Nihat Erim

Nihon Go Gakko (Tacoma)

Niihau Incident

Niitaka-class cruiser

Nikola Ljubičić

Nikolaas Tinbergen

Nikolai Fyodorovich Vatutin

Nikolai Gastello

Nikolai Ivanovich Kuznetsov

Nikolai Khokhlov

Nikolai Skoblin

Nikolai Sologubov

Nikolaus Gross

Nikolaus von Falkenhorst

Nikolay Pukhov

Nikolay Puzanov

Nikos Aliagas

Nikos Beloyannis

Nikos Ploumpidis

Niland brothers

Nilde Iotti

Nile Kinnick

Nils Backlund

Nils Engdahl

Nina Alexeyevna Lobkovskaya

Nina Schenk Gräfin von Stauffenberg

Nine-O-Nine

Nineteenth Air Force

Nineteenth Army (Japan)

Ning Hai-class cruiser

Ningen-sengen

Ninth Air Force

Ninth Fort

Ninth United States Army

Nipsey Russell

Nire Kagenori

Nishizō Tsukahara

Niskie

Nisko Plan

Nissen hut

Nizkor Project

NKL-26

NKVD prisoner massacres

No-No Boy

No 77 grenade

No. 1 Fighter Sector RAAF

No. 1 Squadron RAF

No. 1 Wireless Unit RAAF

No. 10 Group RAF

No. 10 Squadron RAF

No. 100 Squadron RAF

No. 101 Squadron RAF

No. 102 Squadron RAF

No. 104 Squadron RAF

No. 105 Squadron RAF

No. 106 Squadron RAF

No. 11 Group RAF

No. 11 Squadron RAF

No. 111 Squadron RAF

No. 112 Squadron RAF

No. 113 Squadron RAF

No. 118 Squadron RAF

No. 119 Squadron RAF

No. 12 Group RAF

No. 12 Squadron RAF

No. 120 Squadron RAF

No. 122 Squadron RAF

No. 13 Group RAF

No. 131 Radar Station RAAF

No. 133 Squadron RAF

No. 138 Squadron RAF

No. 14 Group RAF

No. 14 Squadron RAF

No. 141 Squadron RAF

No. 145 Squadron RAF

No. 148 Squadron RAF

No. 149 Squadron RAF

No. 151 Squadron RAF

No. 152 Squadron RAF

No. 155 Squadron RAF

No. 158 Squadron RAF

No. 159 Squadron RAF

No. 16 Squadron RAF

No. 160 Squadron RAF

No. 161 Squadron RAF

No. 164 Squadron RAF

No. 169 Squadron RAF

No. 175 Squadron RAF

No. 18 Squadron RAF

No. 189 Squadron RAF

No. 190 Squadron RAF

No. 191 Squadron RAF

No. 192 Squadron RAF

No. 193 Squadron RAF

No. 2 Construction Battalion

No. 2 Fighter Sector RAAF

No. 2 Squadron RAF

No. 20 Squadron RAF

No. 200 Squadron RAF

No. 201 Squadron RAF

No. 202 Squadron RAF

No. 203 Squadron RAF

No. 204 Squadron RAF

No. 205 Squadron RAF

No. 206 Squadron RAF

No. 208 Squadron RAF

No. 21 Squadron RAF

No. 210 Squadron RAF

No. 211 Squadron RAF

No. 212 Squadron RAF

No. 213 Squadron RAF

No. 214 Squadron RAF

No. 215 Squadron RAF

No. 216 Squadron RAF

No. 22 Squadron RAF

No. 220 Squadron RAF

No. 222 Squadron RAF

No. 224 Squadron RAF

No. 225 Squadron RAF

No. 228 Squadron RAF

No. 23 Squadron RAF

No. 230 Squadron RAF

No. 233 Squadron RAF

No. 235 Squadron RAF

No. 239 Squadron RAF

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No. 3 Fighter Sector RAAF

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No. 300 Polish Bomber Squadron

No. 301 Polish Bomber Squadron

No. 302 Polish Fighter Squadron

No. 303 Polish Fighter Squadron

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No. 305 Polish Bomber Squadron

No. 306 Polish Fighter Squadron

No. 307 Polish Night Fighter Squadron

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No. 315 Polish Fighter Squadron

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No. 330 Squadron RNoAF

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No. 4626 Squadron RAF

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No. 485 Squadron RNZAF

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No. 49 Squadron RAF

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No. 5 Fighter Sector RAAF

No. 5 Squadron RAF

No. 5 Squadron RNZAF

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No. 666 Squadron RCAF

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No. 679 Squadron RAF

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No. 68 Squadron RAF

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No. 69 Squadron RAF

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No. 9 Operational Group RAAF

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No. XXXV Squadron RAF

Nobuaki "Warren" Iwatake

Nobuo Fujita

Nobutaka Shiōden

Nobutake Kondō

Nobuyoshi Mutō

Nobuyuki Abe

Nobuzo Tohmatsu

Noctilien

Noel Agazarian

Noel Beresford-Peirse

Noel Gayler

Noel Irwin

Noel Mason-Macfarlane

Noel Purcell (water polo player)

Nogi Maresuke

Noisy-le-Sec (Paris RER)

Nomasu Nakaguma

Non-British personnel in the RAF during the Battle of Britain

Non-Sectarian Anti-Nazi League

None but the Brave

None Shall Escape

Noor Inayat Khan

Nora Levin

Norbert Čapek

Norbert Barlicki

Norbert Brainin

Norbert Eschmann

Norbert Jokl

Norbert Rillieux

Norbert Wollheim

Norberto Ceresole

Nordahl Grieg

Norden bombsight

Nordic race

Nordic Reich Party

Nordin Jbari

Nordstrom Sisters

Norfolk County Division

Norihiro Yasue

Norm Van Brocklin

Norman Augustus Finch

Norman Baillie-Stewart

Norman Bethune

Norman Birkett, 1st Baron Birkett

Norman Bottomley

Norman C. Skogstad

Norman Cleaveland

Norman Cohn

Norman Cota

Norman Cyril Jackson

Norman Dike

Norman Fell

Norman Foster Ramsey, Jr.

Norman Francis Vandivier

Norman Harvey

Norman Howard Cliff

Norman Igo

Norman Jewison

Norman Jones (politician)

Norman Lear

Norman Lowell

Norman Mailer

Norman Mineta

Norman Miscampbell

Norman Pritchard

Norman Rockwell's Four Freedoms paintings

Norman Schwarzkopf, Sr.

Norman Scott

Norman Slater

Norman Smith (record producer)

Norman Sylla

Norman Taylor

Norman Wisdom

Norman Wodehouse

Norman Wylie

Norman Yardley

Normandie-Niemen

Normandy American Cemetery and Memorial

Normandy Landings

Norodom Sihanouk

Norris Bradbury

North African Campaign timeline

North African Campaign

North American A-27

North American A-36

North American B-25 Survivors

North American BT-9

North Atlantic Division

North Carolina-class battleship

North Caucasian Front

North Chahar Incident

North Eastern Area air defence command

North Karelian Group

North Point Camp

North Sea Fleet

North Weald Airfield

North West Europe Campaign

Northeast Anti-Japanese National Salvation Army

Northeast Anti-Japanese United Army

Northeast Indian Railways during World War II

Northeast People's Anti-Japanese Volunteer Army

Northeastern Army

Northeastern Loyal and Brave Army

Northeastern People's Revolutionary Army

Northeastern Volunteer Righteous & Brave Fighters

Northern Combat Area Command

Northern District Army (Japan)

Northern Expedition (1926–1927)

Northern Front (Soviet Union)

Northern League (neo-Nazi)

Northern Pursuit

Northern Territory Force

Northern Transylvania

Northover projector

Northumberland County Division

Northwest Staging Route

Northwest Territorial Imperative

Northwestern Front

Norton Air Force Base

Norton Fitzwarren

Norton Knatchbull, 6th Baron Brabourne

Nortraship

Norway Debate

Norwegian Campaign order of battle

Norwegian Campaign

Norwegian Center for Studies of Holocaust and Religious Minorities

Norwegian heavy water sabotage

Norwegian Independent Company 1

Norwegian POW Museum

Norwegian Resistance Movement

Norwegian resistance movement

Norwegian Righteous Among the Nations

Norwood Russell Hanson

Notable real and alleged Ku Klux Klan members in national politics

Notre-Dame-de-Lorette (Paris Métro)

Notre-Dame-des-Champs (Paris Métro)

Notre Dame de Paris

Noua Dreaptă

Nourdin Boukhari

Noureddine Naybet

Nouvelle Athènes

November 9th Society

Novgorod Army Operational Group

Nowogródzka Cavalry Brigade

Nowy Kurier Warszawski

Nozu Michitsura

Noël Bas

Noël Coward

Noël Delberghe

Noël Hallé

Noël Lee

Noëlle Cordier

NR-40

NRA Battalion

NRA Brigade

NRA Company

NRA Corps

NRA Division

NRA Military Region

NRA Platoon

NRA Regiment

Number 13-class battleship

Number of deaths in Buchenwald

Number the Stars

Numbered Air Force

Nur für Deutsche

Nuremberg and Vietnam: An American Tragedy

Nuremberg Code

Nuremberg Diary

Nuremberg Laws

Nuremberg Principles

Nuremberg Rally

Nuremberg Trials (film)

Nuremberg Trials

Nurken Abdirov

Nyoko-dō Hermitage

Nyssa Raatko

Népomucène Lemercier

Néstor Fabbri

Néstor Guillén

List of accidents and incidents involving military aircraft (2010–present)

This is a list of notable accidents and incidents involving military aircraft grouped by the year in which the accident or incident occurred. Not all of the aircraft were in operation at the time. For more exhaustive lists, see the Aircraft Crash Record Office, the Air Safety Network or the Dutch Scramble Website Brush and Dustpan Database. Combat losses are not included except for a very few cases denoted by singular circumstances.

List of aircraft by tail number

This list is only of aircraft that have an article, indexed by aircraft registration "tail number" (civil registration or military serial number). The list includes aircraft that are notable either as an individual aircraft or have been involved in a notable accident or incident or are linked to a person notable enough to have a stand-alone Wikipedia article.

List of displayed Boeing B-52 Stratofortresses

The Boeing B-52 Stratofortress is a long-range, subsonic, jet-powered, strategic bomber operated by the United States Air Force (USAF) since 1955. The B-52A first flew in 1954, and the B model entered service in 1955. A total of 744 B-52s were built with the last, a B-52H, delivered in October 1962. It served in the Strategic Air Command, the Air Combat Command, and the B-52H continues to serve in the Air Force Global Strike Command and the Air Force Reserve Command.

The B-52D models have the distinction of being the last bombers in aviation history to have shot down enemy aircraft during wartime with machine guns (tail gunners); two Vietnam War MiG killer bombers are currently preserved and on display at Fairchild AFB and the United States Air Force Academy. ()

Only the B-52H model is still active in the Air Force inventory. It is primarily assigned to the Air Force Global Strike Command and the Air Force Reserve Command, with one additional example in the Air Force Materiel Command supporting flight research operations with NASA.

List of individual aircraft

This is a list of individual aircraft which are notable in their own right.

List of surviving Boeing B-17 Flying Fortresses

The Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress is an American four-engine heavy bomber used by the United States Army Air Forces and other Allied air forces during World War II. Of the 12,731 aircraft built, approximately 4,735 were lost during the War. Those that had flown in combat missions and survived the War were subsequently sent to boneyards, such as those at Walnut Ridge and Kingman, for smelting. Consequently, only five planes that survive today – 40-3097, 41-2446, 41-24485, 42-32076, and 44-8846 – claim combat provenance. The majority of survivors are planes that were built too late to see active service and then were used through the 1950s and 1960s in both military and civilian capacities. Many surviving examples are painted to represent actual planes that flew in combat. Today, 46 planes survive in complete form, 10 of which are airworthy, and 39 of which reside in the United States.

Nose art

Nose art is a decorative painting or design on the fuselage of an aircraft, usually on the front fuselage.

While begun for practical reasons of identifying friendly units, the practice evolved to express the individuality often constrained by the uniformity of the military, to evoke memories of home and peacetime life, and as a kind of psychological protection against the stresses of war and the probability of death. The appeal, in part, came from nose art not being officially approved, even when the regulations against it were not enforced.Because of its individual and unofficial nature, it is considered folk art, inseparable from work as well as representative of a group. It can also be compared to sophisticated graffiti. In both cases, the artist is often anonymous, and the art itself is ephemeral. In addition, it relies on materials immediately available.Nose art is largely a military tradition, but civilian airliners operated by the Virgin Group feature "Virgin Girls" on the nose as part of their livery. In a broad sense, the tail art of several airlines such as the Eskimo of Alaska Airlines can be called "nose art", as are the tail markings of present-day U.S. Navy squadrons. There were exceptions, including the VIII Bomber Command, 301st Bomb Group B-17F "Whizzer", which had its girl-riding-a-bomb on the dorsal fin.

RAF Bassingbourn

Royal Air Force Bassingbourn or more simply RAF Bassingbourn is a former Royal Air Force station located in Cambridgeshire approximately 3 mi (5 km) north of Royston, Hertfordshire and 11 mi (18 km) south west of Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, England.

During the Second World War it served first as an RAF station and then as a bomber airfield of the Eighth Air Force, of the United States Army Air Forces (USAAF). It remains the home of the Tower Museum Bassingbourn.

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