Nimishillen Township, Stark County, Ohio

Nimishillen Township is one of the seventeen townships of Stark County, Ohio, United States. The 2000 census found 9,098 people in the township.[3]

Nimishillen Township
Molly Stark Sanitarium on Columbus Road
Molly Stark Sanitarium on Columbus Road
Location of Nimishillen Township in Stark County
Location of Nimishillen Township in Stark County
Coordinates: 40°50′56″N 81°16′14″W / 40.84889°N 81.27056°WCoordinates: 40°50′56″N 81°16′14″W / 40.84889°N 81.27056°W
CountryUnited States
StateOhio
CountyStark
Organized16 March 1809
Area
 • Total31.7 sq mi (82.1 km2)
 • Land31.6 sq mi (81.9 km2)
 • Water0.1 sq mi (0.2 km2)
Elevation1,145 ft (349 m)
Population
 • Total9,098
 • Density287.8/sq mi (111.1/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
FIPS code39-55944[2]
GNIS feature ID1086983[1]

Geography

Located in the eastern part of the county, it borders the following townships:

Two cities are located in Nimishillen Township: Louisville in the south, and a small part of Canton, the county seat of Stark County, in the southwest.

Name

It is the only Nimishillen Township statewide.[4] According to tradition, Nimishillen Township was named for the Nimishillen Creek that takes its rise mainly in the township. This stream was originally named by local Native Americans, as a combination of missilla (black alder, or American Winterberry, a common tree along the stream) plus ni (stream or water).[5]

History

The first settlers arrived in the area between 1805 and 1807, founding Nimishillentown, and organizing Nimishillen Township in 1809.

Nimishillen Township has always been deeply interested in self-government. Its earliest trustees, elected in 1809, were Jacob Shively, Jesse Fetts and John Gans. Other early township officials were township clerk John Rupert; constable James Coney; treasurer Mathias Bower; appraiser of property Isaac Clay; overseer of the poor George Shidler; fence supervisor John Miller; and road supervisor Michael Miller.

The courts were composed of juries chosen by the trustees and presided over by Justices of the Peace. Schools were also established by the township, and for this purpose the trustees carried out a census of heads of households. Early township clerks were responsible for recording livestock brands, apprenticeship indentures, and the names of men whose wives required them not to use alcohol.[6]

In 1833, Nimishillen Township contained one gristmill, five saw mills, two tanneries, and one store.[7]

Government

The township is governed by a three-member board of trustees, who are elected in November of odd-numbered years to a four-year term beginning on the following January 1. Two are elected in the year after the presidential election and one is elected in the year before it. There is also an elected township fiscal officer,[8] who serves a four-year term beginning on April 1 of the year after the election, which is held in November of the year before the presidential election. Vacancies in the fiscal officership or on the board of trustees are filled by the remaining trustees.

Education

The township is split into two school districts. Most of Nimishillen Township's students attend school within the Louisville City School District. Plain Local School District serves students within the far northwestern corner of the township.

Parks and recreation

Molly Stark Park, named after the wife of Major General John Stark. It is located at 7900 Columbus Road, the former grounds of the Molly Stark Hospital, between Louisville and Harrisburg. The Hospital memorialized Molly Stark using her home as a hospital for Revolutionary War soldiers.

Library

The Louisville Public Library serves Nimishillen Township.

References

  1. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  2. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ Stark County, Ohio — Population by Places Estimates Ohio State University, 2007. Accessed 15 May 2007.
  4. ^ "Detailed map of Ohio" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. 2000. Retrieved 2007-02-16.
  5. ^ Perrin, William Henry (1881). History of Stark County: With an Outline Sketch of Ohio. Baskin & Battey. p. 462.
  6. ^ The Louisville Public Library. Local History. Louisville, Ohio: From Village to City. http://www.louisvillelibrary.org/node/27 2005. Accessed 2007-05-30
  7. ^ Kilbourn, John (1833). "The Ohio Gazetteer, or, a Topographical Dictionary". Scott and Wright. p. 346. Retrieved 12 December 2013.
  8. ^ §503.24, §505.01, and §507.01 of the Ohio Revised Code. Accessed 4/30/2009.

External links

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