Nigel Wicks

Sir Nigel Leonard Wicks GCB CVO CBE (born 16 June 1940) is a British financier and former senior British civil servant, currently serving as Chairman of Euroclear.[1]


Educated originally at Beckenham and Penge Grammar School, Wicks joined British Petroleum in 1958 at the age of 18.[2] Whilst at BP, Wicks studied for a University of London external MA in business administration at the Portsmouth College of Technology, now part of the University of Portsmouth.[3]

After 10 years at BP, Wicks joined HM Treasury in 1968.[1] At the Treasury, Wicks undertook a number of positions including secondments to the Prime Minister's Office as a Private Secretary to the Prime Minister (1975–1978, under Callaghan and Wilson) and at the British Embassy in Washington, D.C. as Economic Minister (and so the UK's Executive Director of the IMF and IBRD) from 1983–1985.[1][2]

In 1985, Wicks took up his position as Principal Private Secretary to the Prime Minister, Margaret Thatcher, a post he held for three years until returning to the Treasury as Second Permanent Secretary with responsibility for International Finance, where he remained for twelve years until reaching mandatory retirement age in 2000.[1][3] After Wick's retirement, the Treasury's International Finance command was merged into that of Macro-Economic Policy, led by Gus O'Donnell (later The Lord O'Donnell).[4]

After retirement, Wicks moved into finance; he served as Chairman of CRESTCo for a year from 2001 until it merged with Euroclear, where he was Deputy chairman 2002–2006 and since then as chairman. Wicks also served as a non-executive director of Morgan Stanley for three years from 2004, and of The Edinburgh Investment Trust since 2005.[1][3]

In public appointments, Wicks was appointed Chairman of the Committee on Standards in Public Life from 2001–2004, as Chair of the panel appointing the initial members of the then-new Judicial Appointments Commission in 2005, and since 2007 has been Commissioner of the Jersey Financial Services Commission.[1][2]

In October 2012, Wicks was appointed chairman of the British Bankers Association.

Personal life

As well as his MA degree from the University of London, Wicks holds an MA degree from the University of Cambridge, and honorary LLD degrees from the Universities of Bath and Portsmouth. He is married with three sons.[1][2]

Wicks was appointed a Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) in Prime Minister Callaghan's Resignation Honours list in 1979,[5] a Commander of the Royal Victorian Order (CVO) in the 1989 New Year Honours,[6] and a Knight Commander (KCB) in the 1992 New Year Honours,[7] and then promoted to a Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath (GCB) in the 1999 New Year Honours.[8]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g A & C Black (2012). "WICKS, Sir Nigel (Leonard)". Who's Who 2012, online edition. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 24 April 2012.
  2. ^ a b c d "Sir Nigel Wicks". Retrieved 24 April 2012.
  3. ^ a b c "Speaker Biography – Sir Nigel Wicks". 2002. Retrieved 24 April 2012.
  4. ^ HM Treasury (April 2002). "Annual Report, 2001/02" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 May 2009. Retrieved 24 April 2012.
  5. ^ "No. 55354". The London Gazette (Supplement). 14 June 1979. p. 2.
  6. ^ "No. 51578". The London Gazette (Supplement). 31 December 1988. p. 4.
  7. ^ "No. 52767". The London Gazette (Supplement). 31 December 1991. p. 3.
  8. ^ "No. 55354". The London Gazette (Supplement). 30 December 1998. p. 3.

Positions held

Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Economic Minister, British Embassy in Washington, D.C.
Succeeded by
Government offices
Preceded by
Robin Butler
Principal Private Secretary
to the Prime Minister

Succeeded by
Andrew Turnbull
Second Permanent Secretary,
HM Treasury

Succeeded by
Gus O'Donnell
as managing director, Macro-Economic
Policy and International Finance
Preceded by
Lord Neill of Bladen
Chairman of the Committee on Standards in Public Life
Succeeded by
Sir Alistair Graham
Business positions
Preceded by
Scott Dobbie
Chairman, CRESTCo
Succeeded by
Pierre Francotte
as Chairman, Euroclear UK & Ireland
New title
Position created after merger with CRESTCo
Deputy Chairman, Euroclear
Succeeded by
Jean-Jacques Verdickt
Preceded by
Chris Tupker
Chairman, Euroclear
Succeeded by
Marc Antoine Autheman
Preceded by
Marcus Agius
Chairman, British Bankers Association
Alistair Graham

Sir John Alistair Graham (born 6 August 1942) is a British trade unionist who was Chairman of the Committee on Standards in Public Life from 2003 until April 2007.He was born in Northumberland, and was educated at the Royal Grammar School, Newcastle. He is a Fellow of the Chartered Institute of Personnel Development and the Institute of Training and Development. He has been a visiting Fellow of Nuffield College, Oxford (1984–1991). He has Honorary Doctorates from the Open University and from Bradford University. He was appointed (Knight Bachelor) in the 2000 New Year Honours for services to the Parades Commission for Northern Ireland.Sir Alistair has had a long and varied career in public service. Between 1966 and 1986 he worked for the trade union, the Civil and Public Services Association (CPSA) as Assistant Secretary, Assistant General Secretary, Deputy General Secretary and, finally, General Secretary. His next post was as Chief Executive of the Industrial Society (now renamed The Work Foundation) between 1986 and 1991, after which he became Chief Executive of Calderdale and Kirklees Training and Enterprise Council (1991–1996), then of the Leeds Training and Enterprise Council (1996–2000). During this latter period he also served as Chairman of the Parades Commission for Northern Ireland (1997–2000). Between 2000 and 2004 he was Chairman of the Police Complaints Authority which was replaced by the Independent Police Complaints Commission in 2004. Between 2004 and 2007 he was Chairman of the Committee on Standards in Public Life.

In 2007 he became Chairman of PhonepayPlus (formerly ICSTIS).

Andrew Turnbull, Baron Turnbull

Andrew Turnbull, Baron Turnbull, (born 21 January 1945) was the head of Her Majesty's Civil Service and Cabinet Secretary between 2002 and 2005 when he was succeeded by Sir Gus O'Donnell. He now sits in the House of Lords as a crossbencher.

He was educated at Enfield Grammar School and Christ's College, Cambridge, where he studied Economics.He serves on the Dulwich College Board of Governors, and has been its chairman since 2009. Since 2006 he has chaired the international development charity, Zambia Orphans Aid UK.

British Bankers' Association

The British Bankers' Association (BBA) was a trade association for the UK banking and financial services sector. From 1 July 2017, it was merged into UK Finance.

It represented members from a wide range of banking and financial services. The Association lobbied for its members and gave its view on the legislative and regulatory system for banking in the UK.

Committee of Wise Men on the Regulation of European Securities Markets

The Committee of Wise Men on the Regulation of European Securities Markets was set up by the European Council on July 17, 2000 to develop proposals for making the regulatory process for European Union securities legislation more flexible, effective and transparent. The committee was chaired by Baron Alexandre Lamfalussy.

Committee on Standards in Public Life

The Committee on Standards in Public Life (CSPL) is an advisory non-departmental public body of the United Kingdom Government, established in 1994 to advise the Prime Minister on ethical standards of public life.

List of Knights Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath

This is an incomplete list of those who were made Knights/Dames Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath from the date of the Order's structural change by the Prince Regent on behalf of his father, King George III, on 2 January 1815. Knights/Dames Grand Cross use the post-nominal GCB. Those Knights living at the time of the reorganisation of the Order automatically became Knights Grand Cross, with the post-nominal GCB.

Order of the Bath

The Most Honourable Order of the Bath (formerly the Most Honourable Military Order of the Bath) is a British order of chivalry founded by George I on 18 May 1725. The name derives from the elaborate medieval ceremony for appointing a knight, which involved bathing (as a symbol of purification) as one of its elements. The knights so created were known as "Knights of the Bath". George I "erected the Knights of the Bath into a regular Military Order". He did not (as is commonly believed) revive the Order of the Bath, since it had never previously existed as an Order, in the sense of a body of knights who were governed by a set of statutes and whose numbers were replenished when vacancies occurred.The Order consists of the Sovereign (currently Queen Elizabeth II), the Great Master (currently Charles, Prince of Wales, and three Classes of members:

Knight Grand Cross (GCB) or Dame Grand Cross (GCB)

Knight Commander (KCB) or Dame Commander (DCB)

Companion (CB)Members belong to either the Civil or the Military Division. Prior to 1815, the order had only a single class, Knight Companion (KB), which no longer exists. Recipients of the Order are now usually senior military officers or senior civil servants. Commonwealth citizens who are not subjects of the Queen and foreign nationals may be made Honorary Members.The Order of the Bath is the fourth-most senior of the British Orders of Chivalry, after The Most Noble Order of the Garter, The Most Ancient and Most Noble Order of the Thistle, and The Most Illustrious Order of St Patrick (dormant).

Patrick Neill, Baron Neill of Bladen

Francis Patrick Neill, Baron Neill of Bladen (8 August 1926 – 28 May 2016) was a British barrister and cross bench member of the House of Lords.

Peter Kenen

Peter Bain Kenen (November 30, 1932 – December 17, 2012) was a senior fellow in international economics at the Council on Foreign Relations and Walker Professor of Economics and International Finance at Princeton University.Kenen was born in Cleveland, Ohio, in 1932, and attended The Bronx High School of Science. He earned his B.A. from Columbia University in 1954 and his Ph.D. from Harvard University in 1958. He taught at Columbia from 1957 to 1971, where he served as chairman of the Department of Economics and was named as provost of the university. While at Columbia, Kenen was a resident of Teaneck, New Jersey. He studied at the London School of Economics in 1957.He was director of the International Finance Section at Princeton from 1971 to 1999. He is best known for his work on the theory of optimum currency areas, in which he argued that groups of countries with diversified domestic production are more likely to constitute optimum currency areas than groups whose members are highly specialized. He was one of the first to advocate floating exchange rates for small countries.Kenen’s publications include British Monetary Policy and the Balance of Payments, which won the David A. Wells Prize at Harvard; Asset Markets, Exchange Rates and Economic Integration (with Polly Allen); The Theory of Optimum Currency Areas: An Eclectic View; Managing Exchange Rates; Economic and Monetary Union in Europe; The International Financial Architecture; and International Economic and Financial Cooperation (with Jeffrey Shafer, Nigel Wicks, and Charles Wyplosz). Recent publications include Regional Monetary Integration (with Ellen E. Meade), published in 2008 (Cambridge). He edited several books, including Managing the World Economy and Understanding Interdependence, and was co editor of the two volume Handbook of International Economics. He published numerous articles in scholarly journals, many of which have been reprinted in two volumes: Essays in International Economics and Exchange Rates and the Monetary System. In 1971, he co-authored the book International Economics with Raymond Lubitz.

Kenen was a consultant to the Council of Economic Advisers, the Office of Management and Budget, the Federal Reserve, the International Monetary Fund, and the United States Department of the Treasury. He was a member of President Kennedy's Task Force on Foreign Economic Policy, the Review Committee on Balance of Payments Statistics, the Economic Advisory Panel of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, the Council on Foreign Relations, and the Group of Thirty. He was president of the Eastern Economic Association in 2000-01.He held research fellowships from the Ford Foundation, the Social Science Research Council, and the German Marshall Fund, and he was a fellow of the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences, a Guggenheim Fellow, and Ford Research Professor at the University of California. In 1983-84, he was a professorial fellow at the Australian National University; in 1987-88, he was a visiting fellow at the Royal Institute of International Affairs; in 1991-92, he held the Houblon-Norman Fellowship at the Bank of England; and in 2002, he was professorial fellow at the Victoria University of Wellington and the Reserve Bank of New Zealand.

Kenen died on December 17, 2012, after a battle with emphysema. He was 80 years old.

Principal Private Secretary to the Prime Minister

The Principal Private Secretary to the Prime Minister is a senior official in the British Civil Service who acts as Principal Private Secretary to the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. The holder of this office is traditionally the head of the Prime Minister's Office. In the Civil Service, the role is currently graded as a Director-General. In fiction, the character of Bernard Woolley in the television series Yes, Prime Minister, occupied this post.The current Principal Private Secretary is Peter Hill, who was appointed by Theresa May on 10 May 2017.

Robin Butler, Baron Butler of Brockwell

Frederick Edward Robin Butler, Baron Butler of Brockwell, (born 3 January 1938) is a retired British civil servant, now sitting in the House of Lords as a crossbencher.

The Queen (British TV serial)

The Queen is a 2009 British drama-documentary showing Queen Elizabeth II at different points during her life. Broadcast on Channel 4 over five consecutive nights from 29 November 2009, the Queen is portrayed by a different actress in each episode. The series was co-funded by the American Broadcasting Company, the network which aired the series in the US.This marked the first of two times Emilia Fox and Katie McGrath portrayed sisters: they would go on to appear as Morgause and Morgana in BBC One's Merlin.

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