Nick Houghton

General John Nicholas Reynolds Houghton, Baron Houghton of Richmond, GCB, CBE, DL (born 18 October 1954) is a retired senior British Army officer and former Chief of the Defence Staff (CDS) of the British Armed Forces. He was appointed CDS in July 2013, following the retirement of General Sir David Richards. He served as Commanding Officer of the 1st Battalion, the Green Howards in Northern Ireland during The Troubles and later became Commander of the 39th Infantry Brigade in Northern Ireland. He deployed as Senior British Military Representative and Deputy Commanding General, Multi-National Force – Iraq during the Iraq War. Later, he became Chief of Joint Operations at Permanent Joint Headquarters and served as Vice-Chief of the Defence Staff until assuming the position of CDS. Houghton retired from the British Army in July 2016, and was succeeded as CDS by Air Chief Marshal Sir Stuart Peach.

The Lord Houghton of Richmond
Chief of the Defence Staff, General Sir Nicholas Houghton GCB, CBE, ADC Gen. MOD 45155682
General Sir Nicholas Houghton in 2013
Born18 October 1954 (age 64)
Otley, West Yorkshire, England
AllegianceUnited Kingdom
Service/branchBritish Army
Years of service1974–2016
RankGeneral
Service number497441
Commands heldChief of the Defence Staff (2013–16)
Vice-Chief of the Defence Staff (2009–13)
Chief of Joint Operations (2006–09)
39th Infantry Brigade (1997–99)
1st Battalion, the Green Howards (1991–94)
Battles/warsThe Troubles
Iraq War
AwardsKnight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath
Commander of the Order of the British Empire
Officer of the Legion of Merit (United States)
Knight Grand Commander of the Order of Military Service (Malaysia)
Spouse(s)
Margaret Glover (m. 1982)
Other workConstable of the Tower (2016–present)
Member of the House of Lords
Assumed office
20 November 2017
Personal details
Political partyNone (crossbencher)

Early life

Houghton was born on 18 October 1954 in Otley near Leeds and is the son of Frank and Margaret Houghton.[1] He was educated at Woodhouse Grove School, an independent school near Bradford.[2] In 1977, he graduated from St Peter's College, Oxford, having taken an in-Service Bachelor of Arts degree in Modern History.[3][4]

Military career

After attending Royal Military Academy Sandhurst, Houghton was commissioned into the Green Howards as a second lieutenant on 9 March 1974.[5] He was promoted to lieutenant on 9 March 1976,[6] to captain on 9 September 1980[7] and to major on 30 September 1986.[8] He was appointed Military Assistant to the Chief of Staff British Army of the Rhine and subsequently became a member of the Directing Staff at the Royal Military College of Science, Shrivenham.[9] Promoted to lieutenant colonel on 30 June 1991,[10] he became Commanding Officer of 1st Battalion The Green Howards in 1991[4] and was deployed to Northern Ireland in 1993.[11]

Houghton was made Deputy Assistant Chief of Staff at HQ Land Command in 1994 and he attended the Higher Command and Staff Course in 1997.[4] Promoted to brigadier on 31 December 1997 with seniority from 30 June 1997,[12] he became Commander of 39 Infantry Brigade in Northern Ireland in 1997 and was Director of Military Operations at the Ministry of Defence from December 1999 to July 2002.[4] He was promoted to major general on 26 July 2002[13] and was made Chief of Staff of the Allied Rapid Reaction Corps that year[1] before becoming Assistant Chief of the Defence Staff (Operations) in 2004.[4]

Promoted to lieutenant general on 14 October 2005,[14] Houghton was deployed as Senior British Military Representative and Deputy Commanding General, Multi-National Force – Iraq in October 2005.[4] He became Chief of Joint Operations at Permanent Joint Headquarters (UK) in 2006[4] and, after being relieved of that post on 13 March 2009,[4] he was promoted to general and appointed Vice-Chief of the Defence Staff on 5 May 2009.[15]

Houghton took over as Chief of the Defence Staff on 18 July 2013.[16] He has stated that one of his key objectives is to re-shape the Armed forces in the post-Afghanistan era.[17] Houghton has also raised concerns about the Armed Forces' abilities with the personnel and budget cuts.[18] As of 2015, Houghton was paid a salary of between £255,000 and £259,999 by the department, making him one of the 328 most highly paid people in the British public sector at that time.[19]

In January 2016, the government announced that Houghton would be replaced by Sir Stuart Peach as Chief of the Defence Staff in the summer of 2016.[20] Houghton handed over to Peach on 14 July 2016.[21]

Retirement

In 2016, he was appointed Constable of the Tower of London, as the monarch’s representative for five years, replacing Richard Dannatt, Baron Dannatt.[22] This is primarily a ceremonial post but the Constable is also a trustee of Historic Royal Palaces and the Royal Armouries.[23][24]

On 20 November 2017, Houghton joined the House of Lords as a crossbencher.[25]

Honours and decorations

On 12 October 1993, Houghton was appointed Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) "in recognition of distinguished service in Northern Ireland".[11] He was appointed Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) on 14 April 2000 "in recognition of gallant and distinguished services in Northern Ireland during the period 1 April 1999 to 30 September 1999".[26] In 2006, he was made an Officer of the Legion of Merit "in recognition of gallant and distinguished services during coalition operations in Iraq.[27] He was appointed Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath (KCB) in the 2008 Birthday Honours[28] and Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath (GCB) in the 2011 Birthday Honours.[29][30]

Houghton was Colonel of the Regiment of 158 (Royal Anglian) Transport Regiment (Volunteers) from 1 November 2003[31] to 1 September 2008[32] and honorary Colonel Commandant of the King's Division from 10 December 2005[33] to 10 December 2008[34] as well as Colonel of the Regiment of The Yorkshire Regiment from 6 June 2006[35] to 6 June 2011.[36] He was appointed Colonel Commandant of the Intelligence Corps on 19 July 2008[37] and Aide-de-Camp General (ADC Gen) to The Queen on 1 October 2009.[38]

In June 2015, Houghton also received an honorary Panglima Gagah Angkatan Tentera (PGAT) award from the Deputy Minister for Defence of Malaysia.[39]

In October 2017, it was announced that a life peerage would be conferred on Houghton.[40][41] On 20 November, he was created Baron Houghton of Richmond, of Richmond in the County of North Yorkshire.[42]

Order of the Bath UK ribbon
Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath (GCB) 2011[29]
Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath (KCB) 2008[28]
Order of the British Empire (Military) Ribbon
Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) 2000[26]
Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) 1993[11]
General Service Medal 1962 BAR General Service Medal (1962)
UNFICYP UNFICYP medal
Iraq Medal BAR Iraq Medal
Queen Elizabeth II Golden Jubilee Medal ribbon Queen Elizabeth II Golden Jubilee Medal 2002
QEII Diamond Jubilee Medal ribbon Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal 2012
Accumulated Campaign Service Medal BAR Accumulated Campaign Service Medal
Us legion of merit officer rib Officer of the Legion of Merit 2006 (United States)[27]
Order of Military Service (BAT) Knight Grand Commander of the Order of Military Service 2015 (Malaysia)[39]

Personal life

In 1982 Houghton married Margaret Glover: they have one son and one daughter.[1] His interests include golf, sailing, shooting, cooking and history.[4]

References

  1. ^ a b c 'Houghton, General Sir Nicholas' in Who's Who 2010, A & C Black, 2010, ISBN 978-1-4081-1414-8
  2. ^ "John Nicholas Reynolds Houghton". Burke's Peerage. Burke's Peerage (UK) Limited. Retrieved 5 July 2012.
  3. ^ "Notable Alumni". St Peter's College, Oxford. Archived from the original on 16 July 2012. Retrieved 25 August 2012.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Biography at mod.com as Vice Chief of the Defence Staff". Retrieved 16 March 2013.
  5. ^ "No. 46270". The London Gazette (Supplement). 22 April 1974. p. 5057.
  6. ^ "No. 46845". The London Gazette (Supplement). 8 March 1976. p. 3579.
  7. ^ "No. 48331". The London Gazette (Supplement). 6 October 1980. p. 13956.
  8. ^ "No. 50677". The London Gazette (Supplement). 6 October 1986. p. 12945.
  9. ^ "General Sir Nicholas Houghton GCB CBE, Vice-Chief of the Defence Staff (VCDS)". Newcastle University. Retrieved 16 March 2013.
  10. ^ "No. 52615". The London Gazette (Supplement). 29 July 1991. p. 11597.
  11. ^ a b c "No. 53453". The London Gazette (Supplement). 11 October 1993. p. 16387.
  12. ^ "No. 55006". The London Gazette (Supplement). 5 January 1998. p. 101.
  13. ^ "No. 56646". The London Gazette (Supplement). 30 July 2002. p. 9095.
  14. ^ "No. 57789". The London Gazette (Supplement). 18 October 2005. p. 13419.
  15. ^ "No. 59052". The London Gazette (Supplement). 5 May 2009. p. 7596.
  16. ^ "Sir David Richards to become a lord – after overseeing the sacking of 20,000 troops". 13 July 2013. Retrieved 14 July 2013.
  17. ^ "Exclusive interview with the new Chief of the Defence Staff" (PDF). Defence Focus. August 2013. p. 8. Retrieved 22 August 2013.
  18. ^ "BBC News – Chief of defence staff warns of military expectations". Bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 22 August 2013.
  19. ^ "Senior officials 'high earners' salaries as at 30 September 2015 – GOV.UK". www.gov.uk. 17 December 2015. Retrieved 13 March 2016.
  20. ^ BBC News (22 January 2016). "Sir Stuart Peach named as new head of UK armed forces". BBC News. Retrieved 22 January 2016.
  21. ^ "Chief of the Defence Staff Sir Stuart Peach GBE KCB ADC DL". UK Ministry of Defence. Retrieved 14 July 2016.
  22. ^ "Lord Dannatt Leaves Constable Of The Tower Of London Role". Forces.net. Retrieved 1 October 2018.
  23. ^ "Lord Houghton of Richmond". Hospitality and Catering News. 11 October 2016. Retrieved 1 October 2018.
  24. ^ "Constable of the Tower of London: General Sir Nicholas Houghton". GOV.UK. Prime Minister's Office, 10 Downing Street. 7 March 2016. Retrieved 22 March 2016.
  25. ^ "Lord Houghton of Richmond". UK Parliament. Retrieved 20 November 2017.
  26. ^ a b "No. 55819". The London Gazette (Supplement). 14 April 2000. p. 4251.
  27. ^ a b "No. 58183". The London Gazette (Supplement). 15 December 2006. p. 17361.
  28. ^ a b "No. 58729". The London Gazette (Supplement). 14 June 2008. p. 2.
  29. ^ a b "No. 59808". The London Gazette (Supplement). 11 June 2011. p. 2.
  30. ^ "Queen's Birthday Honours List 2011" (PDF). Direct Gov.UK. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 March 2012. Retrieved 16 March 2012.
  31. ^ "No. 57122". The London Gazette (Supplement). 25 November 2003. p. 14549.
  32. ^ "No. 58844". The London Gazette (Supplement). 7 October 2008. p. 15296.
  33. ^ "No. 57887". The London Gazette (Supplement). 31 January 2006. p. 1364.
  34. ^ "No. 58912". The London Gazette (Supplement). 16 December 2008. p. 19637.
  35. ^ "No. 58191". The London Gazette (Supplement). 27 December 2006. p. 17824.
  36. ^ "No. 59803". The London Gazette (Supplement). 7 June 2011. p. 10703.
  37. ^ "No. 58771". The London Gazette (Supplement). 22 July 2008. p. 11005.
  38. ^ "No. 59216". The London Gazette (Supplement). 20 October 2009. p. 17989.
  39. ^ a b UKK. "Majlis Pemakaian Pingat Oleh Timbalan Menteri Pertahanan". mod.gov.my. Retrieved 3 June 2015.
  40. ^ "Life peerages". Prime Minister's Office, 10 Downing Street. 12 October 2017. Retrieved 20 November 2017.
  41. ^ "Former Met Police chief and ex-bishop of London among five new life peers". ITV. 12 October 2017. Retrieved 20 November 2017.
  42. ^ "No. 62119". The London Gazette. 24 November 2017. p. 21662.
Military offices
Preceded by
Robin Brims
Senior British Military Representative
and Deputy Commanding General, Multinational Force, Iraq

2005–2006
Succeeded by
Robert Fry
Preceded by
Sir Glenn Torpy
Chief of Joint Operations
2006–2009
Succeeded by
Sir Stuart Peach
Preceded by
Sir Timothy Granville-Chapman
Vice-Chief of the Defence Staff
2009–2013
Preceded by
Sir David Richards
Chief of the Defence Staff
2013–2016
New title Colonel of the Yorkshire Regiment
2006–2011
Succeeded by
Graham Binns
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Lord Dannatt
Constable of the Tower of London
2016–present
Incumbent
Orders of precedence in the United Kingdom
Preceded by
The Lord Hogan-Howe
Gentlemen
Baron Houghton of Richmond
Followed by
The Lord Tyrie
158 Regiment RLC

158 Regiment Royal Logistic Corps, is a reserve regiment of the British Army's Royal Logistic Corps. The Regiment's role is to provide logistical support to the Regular Army through its paired regular regiment, 7 Regiment RLC, as well as providing soldiers when required. 158 Regiment currently falls under the command 102 Logistics Brigade.

2017 Bilderberg Conference

Bilderberg conferences are an annual private gathering of 120 to 150 people of the European and North American political elite, experts from industry, finance, academia, and the media, established in 1954 by Prince Bernhard.The 2017 Bilderberg Conference took place between 1-4 June 2017 at the Westfields Marriott Hotel in Chantilly, Virginia, United States. Previous Bilderberg conferences were held here in 2002, 2008 and 2012.

Albert Kelly

Albert Kelly (born 21 March 1991) is an Australian professional rugby league footballer who plays as a stand-off, scrum-half or fullback for Hull F.C. in the Betfred Super League.

He has previously played for the Cronulla Sharks and the Gold Coast Titans in the NRL, and Hull Kingston Rovers in the Super League.

Andy Pengelly

Andy Pengelly (born July 19, 1997) is a footballer who plays as a striker for National Premier Leagues Queensland side Brisbane Strikers.

So far in 2019, Pengelly has scored 41 goals in 25 NPL appearances for the Strikers, including a club record nine in a single match against Sunshine Coast Fire. He has also scored 10 goals in five FFA Cup appearances, including six against Souths United and one from open play against A-League side Wellington Phoenix, for a total of 51 goals in just 30 appearances.

As a result of his scoring record, Pengelly trialled with the Central Coast Mariners in August, 2019.

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British Battlegroup

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Chief of the Defence Staff (United Kingdom)

The Chief of the Defence Staff (CDS) is the professional head of the British Armed Forces and the most senior uniformed military adviser to the Secretary of State for Defence and the Prime Minister. The Chief of the Defence Staff is based at the Ministry of Defence and works alongside the Permanent Under Secretary, the Ministry's senior civil servant. The Chief of the Defence Staff is the British equivalent position of what in NATO and the European Union is known as the Chief of Defence.

Constitutionally, the Sovereign is the de jure Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces. However, in practice, the British Government de facto exercises the royal prerogative and provides direction of the Armed Forces through the Ministry of Defence's Defence Council of which the Chief of the Defence Staff is a member.

The current Chief of the Defence Staff is General Sir Nick Carter, who succeeded Air Chief Marshal Sir Stuart Peach in June 2018. Chiefs of the Defence Staff are appointed on the recommendation of the Secretary of State for Defence to the Prime Minister before being approved by the Queen.

Chris Nickols

Air Marshal Christopher Mark Nickols, (born 23 July 1956) is a retired senior officer in the Royal Air Force, whose final appointment was Chief of Defence Intelligence. Prior to that he served as Assistant Chief of the Defence Staff (Operations).

Constable of the Tower

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Today the role of Constable is a ceremonial one and mainly involves taking part in traditional ceremonies within the Tower as well as being part of the community that lives within its perimeter. The Constable is also a trustee of Historic Royal Palaces and of the Royal Armouries.

Under the Queen's Regulations for the Army, the office of Constable is conferred upon a field marshal or a retired general officer for a five-year term. The Constable appointed in 2016 is General Sir Nick Houghton. The Constable's ceremonial deputy is the Lieutenant of the Tower of London, currently Simon Mayall;

this office is generally entrusted to a general officer of lower rank than the Constable.

At the conclusion of the Constable's Installation ceremony, the Lord Chamberlain symbolically hands over the Queen’s House to the Constable. He in turn entrusts it to the Resident Governor, who is responsible for the day-to-day running of Her Majesty’s Palace and Fortress, the Tower of London.

David Richards, Baron Richards of Herstmonceux

General David Julian Richards, Baron Richards of Herstmonceux, (born 4 March 1952) is a retired senior British Army officer who was formerly the Chief of the Defence Staff, the professional head of the British Armed Forces. He succeeded Air Chief Marshal Sir Jock Stirrup in this role on 29 October 2010.

Richards served in the Far East, Germany and Northern Ireland with the Royal Artillery before commanding forces in East Timor and most notably Sierra Leone, where his action without official sanctioning protected Freetown from rebel attacks during the Sierra Leone Civil War. Richards has also served with NATO as a major general, and as a lieutenant general he commanded the International Security Assistance Force in Afghanistan between 2006 and 2007 during its expansion across the whole country.

Richards became Commander-in-Chief, Land Forces of the British Army in 2008 and held this role until 2009 when he was appointed Chief of the General Staff, the head of the British Army. He was appointed as Chief of the Defence Staff the following year. He was succeeded by General Sir Nicholas Houghton on 18 July 2013.

In 2014, Richards was created a Life Peer taking the title Baron Richards of Herstmonceux. He sits in the House of Lords as a crossbencher. In December 2015, it was announced that he joined the global advisory board of asset management firm CQS. He has also worked as an advisor to the government of the United Arab Emirates and US-based arms company DynCorp.

Intelligence Corps (United Kingdom)

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Michael Boyce, Baron Boyce

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Boyce commanded three submarines and then a frigate before achieving higher command in the Navy and serving as First Sea Lord and Chief of the Naval Staff from 1998 to 2001 and then as Chief of the Defence Staff from 2001 to 2003. As Chief of Defence Staff he is believed to have had concerns about US plans for a national missile defence system. In early 2003 he advised the British Government on the deployment of troops for the invasion of Iraq, seeking assurances as to the legitimacy of the deployment before it was allowed to proceed.

October 18

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Otley

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The town sits in the Otley and Yeadon ward of Leeds City Council and the Leeds North West parliamentary constituency.

Peter Inge, Baron Inge

Field Marshal Peter Anthony Inge, Baron Inge, (born 5 August 1935) was the Chief of the General Staff, the professional head of the British Army, from 1992 to 1994. He then served as Chief of the Defence Staff before retiring in 1997. Early in his military career he saw action during the Malayan Emergency and in Northern Ireland and later in his career he provided advice to the British Government during the Bosnian War.

Richard Dannatt

General Francis Richard Dannatt, Baron Dannatt, (born 23 December 1950) is a retired senior British Army officer and member of the House of Lords. He was Chief of the General Staff (head of the Army) from 2006 to 2009.

Dannatt was commissioned into the Green Howards in 1971, and his first tour of duty was in Belfast as a platoon commander. During his second tour of duty, also in Northern Ireland, Dannatt was awarded the Military Cross. Following a major stroke in 1977, Dannatt considered leaving the Army, but was encouraged by his commanding officer (CO) to stay. After Staff College, he became a company commander and eventually took command of the Green Howards in 1989. He attended and then commanded the Higher Command and Staff Course, after which he was promoted to brigadier. Dannatt was given command of 4th Armoured Brigade in 1994 and commanded the British component of the Implementation Force (IFOR) the following year.

Dannatt took command of 3rd Mechanised Division in 1999 and simultaneously commanded British forces in Kosovo. After a brief tour in Bosnia, he was appointed Assistant Chief of the General Staff (ACGS). Following the attacks of 11 September 2001, he became involved in planning for subsequent operations in the Middle East. As Commander of the Allied Rapid Reaction Corps (ARRC), a role he assumed in 2003, Dannatt led the ARRC headquarters in planning for deployments to Iraq and Afghanistan. The ARRC served in Afghanistan in 2005, but by this time Dannatt was Commander-in-Chief, Land Command—the day-to-day commander of the British Army. He was responsible for implementing a controversial reorganisation of the infantry which eventually resulted in his regiment, the Green Howards, being amalgamated into the Yorkshire Regiment.

Dannatt was appointed Chief of the General Staff (CGS) in August 2006, succeeding General Sir Mike Jackson. Dannatt faced controversy over his outspokenness, in particular his calls for improved pay and conditions for soldiers and for a drawdown of operations in Iraq in order to better man those in Afghanistan. He also set about trying to increase his public profile, worried that he was not recognisable enough at a time when he had to defend the Army's reputation against alleged prisoner abuse in Iraq. He later assisted with the formation of Help for Heroes to fund a swimming pool at Headley Court and, later in his tenure, brokered an agreement with the British press that allowed Prince Harry to serve in Afghanistan. He was succeeded as CGS by Sir David Richards and retired in 2009, taking up the largely honorary post of Constable of the Tower of London, which he held until July 2016.

Between November 2009 and the British general election in May 2010, Dannatt served as a defence adviser to Conservative Party leader David Cameron. Dannatt resigned when Cameron's party formed a coalition government with the Liberal Democrats after the election produced a hung parliament, arguing that the Prime Minister should rely primarily on the advice of the incumbent service chiefs. Dannatt published an autobiography in 2010 and continues to be involved with a number of charities and organisations related to the armed forces. He is married with four children, one of whom served as an officer in the Grenadier Guards.

St Peter's College, Oxford

St Peter's College is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford and is located in New Inn Hall Street, Oxford, United Kingdom. It occupies the site of two of the university's medieval halls, dating back to at least the 14th century. The modern college was founded by Francis James Chavasse, former Bishop of Liverpool, opened as St Peter's Hall in 1929, and achieved full collegiate status as St Peter's College in 1961. Founded as a men's college, it has been coeducational since 1979.As of 2018, the college had an estimated financial endowment of £44.6 million.

Stuart Peach

Air Chief Marshal Sir Stuart William Peach, (born 22 February 1956) is a senior Royal Air Force officer. After training as a navigator, Peach commanded IX (Bomber) Squadron and then became Deputy Station Commander RAF Bruggen. He was deployed as NATO Air Commander (Forward) in Kosovo in 2000. He went on to be Chief of Defence Intelligence in 2006, Chief of Joint Operations in 2009 and the first Commander of Joint Forces Command in December 2011 before being appointed Vice-Chief of the Defence Staff in May 2013. Peach succeeded General Sir Nick Houghton as Chief of the Defence Staff on 14 July 2016. He succeeded General Petr Pavel as Chairman of the NATO Military Committee on 29 June 2018.

Timothy Granville-Chapman

General Sir Timothy John Granville-Chapman, (born 5 January 1947) is a former British Army officer, who served as Vice-Chief of the Defence Staff of the British Armed Forces (2005–2009).

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