A newspaper of record is a major newspaper that has a large circulation and whose editorial and news-gathering functions are considered professional and typically authoritative. A newspaper of record may also be a publicly available newspaper that has been authorised or maintained by a government to publish public or legal notices, and therefore serves as a "newspaper of public record".
A "newspaper of public record", sometimes referred to as an "official newspaper", refers to a publicly available newspaper that has been authorised by a government to publish public or legal notices. It is often established by statute or official action and publication of notices within it, whether by the government or a private party, is usually considered sufficient to comply with legal requirements for public notice.
In some jurisdictions, privately owned newspapers may register with the public authorities to publish public and legal notices, or be otherwise eligible to publish said notices (terms used may include "newspaper of general circulation" among others). Likewise, a private newspaper may be designated by the courts for publication of legal notices, such as notices of fictitious business names. These are sometimes referred to as "legally adjudicated newspapers".
A variation of newspapers of public record are those newspapers controlled by governments or political parties that serve as official newspapers reflecting the positions of their controlling bodies. State organs such as the Soviet-era Izvestia (the name of which translates to "delivered messages", derived from the verb izveshchat which means "to inform", "to notify") and the People's Daily in China are examples of this type.
The second type of "newspaper of record" (also known as a "journal of record", or by the French term presse de référence) is not defined by any formal criteria and its characteristics can be variable. The category typically consists of those newspapers that are considered to meet higher standards of journalism than most print media, including editorial independence and attention to accuracy, and are usually renowned internationally. Despite changes in society, such newspapers have historically tended to maintain a similar tone, coverage, style, and traditions.
The term is believed to have originated among librarians, who began referring to The New York Times as the "newspaper of record" when, in 1913, it became the first U.S. newspaper to publish an index of the subjects covered in its pages. In recognition of the usage, the Times held an essay contest in 1927 in which entrants had to demonstrate "The Value of The New York Times Index and Files as a Newspaper of Record". The Times, and other newspapers of its type, then sought to be chroniclers of events, acting as a record of the day's announcements, schedules, directories, proceedings, transcripts and appointments. The Times no longer considers itself a newspaper of record in the original, literal sense.
Over time, historians began to rely on The New York Times and similar titles as a reliable archival record of significant past events and a gauge of societal opinions at the time of printing. The term "newspaper of record" thus evolved from its original literal sense to its currently understood meaning.
|Country||Newspaper||City of publication||Founded||Language||Source(s)|
|Argentina||La Nación||Buenos Aires||1870||Spanish|||
|The Sydney Morning Herald||Sydney||1831||English|||
Staff split in 1864 to form Neue Freie Presse, aryanized by the Nazis in 1938 and closed in 1939, reestablished as Die Presse in 1946
|Bangladesh||—||The Daily Star||Dhaka||1991||English|||
Incorporated in 1914, but publication delayed due to the First World War.
|Bolivia||—||El Diario||La Paz||1904||Spanish|||
|Brazil||O Estado de S. Paulo||São Paulo||1875||Portuguese|||
|Folha de S.Paulo||São Paulo||1921||Portuguese|||
|O Globo||Rio de Janeiro||1925||Portuguese|||
|The Globe and Mail||Toronto||1844
Successor to The Globe (founded 1844), The Toronto Mail (1872) and Toronto Empire (1887); papers merged in 1895 and 1936
Spun off from El Mercurio de Valparaíso (founded 1827)
Le Figaro is France's oldest national newspaper still operating to this date.
Founded as a successor to the discredited collaborationist Le Temps (founded 1861).
|Germany||Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung||Frankfurt||1949
Considered a successor to the Frankfurter Zeitung (founded 1856), banned in 1943 by the Nazis
|Hong Kong||South China Morning Post||Hong Kong||1903||English|||
|The Times of India||Mumbai||1838
Named The Bombay Times and Journal of Commerce until mergers in 1860–1.
|Ireland||The Irish Times||Dublin||1859||English|||
|Israel||Haaretz||Tel Aviv||1919||Hebrew and English|||
|Italy||Corriere della Sera||Milan||1876||Italian|||
Originated as the Swahili Taifa in 1958.
|Malaysia||New Straits Times||Kuala Lumpur||1965
Spun off from The Straits Times (founded 1845) upon Singapore's independence.
Merger of Algemeen Handelsblad (founded 1828) and Nieuwe Rotterdamsche Courant (1844).
Printed edition ceased in 2009, continued in digital form on the website officielebekendmakingen.nl
|New Zealand||The New Zealand Herald||Auckland||1863||English|||
|North Korea||Rodong Sinmun||Pyongyang||1945||Korean|||
|Philippines||Philippine Daily Inquirer||Manila||1985||English|||
|Portugal||Diário de Notícias||Lisbon||1864||Portuguese|||
|Singapore||The Straits Times||Singapore||1845||English|||
|South Korea||Chosun Ilbo||Seoul||1920
Suspended between 1940 and 1945 by the Japanese imperial authorities.
|Soviet Union, Russia||Izvestia||Moscow||1917||Russian|||
|Switzerland||Neue Zürcher Zeitung||Zurich||1780||German|||
Merger of Journal de Genève (founded 1826), Gazette de Lausanne (1798), and Nouveau Quotidien (1991).
|United Kingdom||The Daily Telegraph||London||1855||English|||
|—||The London Gazette||1665
Named The Oxford Gazette until 1959.
Named The Daily Universal Register until 1788.
|United States||The New York Times||New York City||1851||English|||
|The Washington Post||Washington, D.C.||1877||English|||
The New York Times and the People's Daily were chosen because of their status as their respective countries' "newspaper of record." In the case of the People's Daily, it is the official newspaper of record.
With a circulation over three million the People's Daily is the official newspaper of China's Communist Party. It is the newspaper of record for state socialism in China.
On Tuesday the People's Daily, the Communist Party's newspaper of record, published a front-page article and a strongly worded editorial
People's Daily (Ren Min Ri Bao): Chinese newspaper of record, 1946-present.
Among the venues that published philosophically charged writings... during the heat of the GPCR were Renmin Ribao (People's Daily, the newspaper of record that continues to be so today)
It is the...country's newspaper of record. O Estado is sometimes called the "New York Times of Latin America” because of its grave editorial demeanour.
The statement, published on Tuesday by O Estado de Sao Paulo, Brazil`s newspaper of record, was datelined in Fortaleza, a mid-sized city in northeastern Brazil.
[T]he Toronto-based Globe and Mail has had the kind of success in Canada that the New York Times had enjoyed in the U.S., as the leading 'newspaper of record' with a national readership.
This essay interrogates representations of Afghan women in the Globe and Mail, Canada's major English-language daily and newspaper of record.
This is significant because the state-run Al Ahram is considered the paper of record in Egypt
... one of the great newspapers of France and of the world.
... one of the most important and widely respected newspapers in the world.
Le Monde - respected national daily, considered to be France's newspaper of record
The clippings are from the South China Morning Post, the paper of record in Hong Kong
Today, the Irish Times is one of Ireland's most authoritative journals – the newspaper of record for political and intellectual elites from Mayo to Monkstown. Mark O'Brien provides a detailed and colourful account of this transformation. His history of the Irish Times is also the story of modern Ireland: it tracks the newspaper's sceptical response to the emergence of the Free State in 1922 and the declaration of the Republic in 1949; it also examines its fractious relationship with the nation's governments and political figureheads from Eamon de Valera (whom the paper repeatedly compared to Hitler) to Bertie Ahern.
In the past few months, Haaretz, Israel's paper of record, has run a series of articles expressing misgivings about outside influence.
Recent polling, alongside articles in both the New York Times and the Israeli paper of record, Ha'aretz, indicate that the American Jewish community no longer feels represented by our so-called representatives - if we ever did.
In late January, the declaration ran as an ad in Ha'aretz, the national paper of record...
... it appears with its rival on most experts’ lists of the world’s greatest newspapers.
Kenya's newspaper of record, the Daily Nation, published a banner headline "Never Again" over an editorial with a sharp, eloquent warning
Left leaning, Danas has become the independent daily of record in Serbia ...
... wrote a commentary in the Jan. 26 issue of Politika, the Serbian newspaper of record and the oldest daily in the Balkans.
The Chosunilbo "has a history of 90 years, has been the most dominant, and influential paper of all time in Korea. It is the No.1 newspaper company in Korea with more than 1.8 million circulation, firmly holding the largest market possession. The paper is recognized Asianwide, where there are many readers in Japan and China.”
Paper of record Dagens Nyheter gave limited coverage, on the paper's website.
Dagens Nyheter, Sweden's paper of record.
... generally accounted, with The Times and The Guardian, as one of Britain’s “big three” quality newspapers.
It is generally accounted, with The Guardian and The Daily Telegraph, one of Britain’s “big three” and has long been recognized as one of the world’s greatest newspapers.
... long the newspaper of record in the United States and one of the world’s great newspapers.
ABC is a Spanish national daily newspaper. It is the third largest general-interest newspaper in Spain, and the oldest newspaper still operating in Madrid. ABC is often referred to as a newspaper of record of Spain, along with El País and El Mundo.Corpus Christi Caller-Times
The Corpus Christi Caller-Times is the newspaper of record for Corpus Christi, Texas.Danas (newspaper)
Danas (pronounced [ˈdǎnas], Serbo-Croatian for "today"), is an independent daily newspaper of record published in Belgrade, Serbia. It is a left-oriented media, promoting social-democracy and European integrations. It is a vocal media supporter of Serbian NGO activities towards human rights and minorities protection.Dawn (newspaper)
Dawn is Pakistan's oldest, leading and most widely read English-language newspaper and is newspaper of record. It is one of the country's three largest English-language dailies and the flagship of the Dawn Group of Newspapers. DAWN is published by Pakistan Herald Publications, which also owns the magazine Herald, the information technology magazine Spider, and the advertising marketing and media magazine Aurora.
It was founded by Quaid-i-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah in Delhi, India, on 26 October 1941 as a mouthpiece for the Muslim League. The first issue was printed at Latifi Press on 12 October 1942. The newspaper has offices in Karachi (Sindh), Lahore (Punjab), and the federal capital Islamabad, and representatives abroad. As of 2010, it has a weekday circulation of over 109,000. The CEO of Dawn group is Hameed Haroon, and the current editor of Dawn is Zaffar Abbas. On 24 March 2016, it became the first newspaper to oppose the resumption of the death penalty in Pakistan.El Mercurio
El Mercurio is a Chilean newspaper with editions in Valparaíso and Santiago. Its Santiago edition is considered the country's newspaper of record and it is considered the oldest daily in the Spanish language currently in circulation. El Mercurio is owned by El Mercurio S.A.P. (Sociedad Anónima Periodística 'joint stock news company'), which operates a network of 19 regional dailies and 32 radio stations across the country.Gazette
A gazette is an official journal, a newspaper of record, or simply a newspaper.
In English- and French-speaking countries, newspaper publishers have applied the name Gazette since the 17th century; today, numerous weekly and daily newspapers bear the name The Gazette.Izvestia
Izvestia (Russian: Известия, IPA: [ɪzˈvʲesʲtʲɪjə]) is a daily broadsheet newspaper in Russia. It was a newspaper of record in the Soviet Union from 1917 until the dissolution of the USSR in 1991.The word izvestiya in Russian means "delivered messages", derived from the verb izveshchat ("to inform", "to notify"). In the context of newspapers it is usually translated as "news" or "reports".NRC Handelsblad
NRC Handelsblad (Dutch pronunciation: [ɛnɛrseː ˈɦɑndəlzblɑt]), often abbreviated to NRC, is a daily evening newspaper published in the Netherlands by NRC Media. It is generally accepted as the country's newspaper of record.Philippine Daily Inquirer
The Philippine Daily Inquirer, popularly known as the Inquirer, is an English-language newspaper in the Philippines. Founded in 1985, it is often regarded as the Philippines' newspaper of record.Politika
Politika (Serbian Cyrillic: Политика; English: Politics) is a Serbian daily newspaper, published in Belgrade. Founded in 1904 by Vladislav F. Ribnikar, it is the oldest daily newspaper still in circulation in the Balkans and is considered to be Serbia's newspaper of record.Rossiyskaya Gazeta
Rossiyskaya Gazeta (Russian: Российская газета, lit. Russian Gazette) is a Russian newspaper published by the Government of Russia. The daily newspaper serves as the official newspaper of record of the Government of Russia, publishing government-related affairs such as official decrees, statements and documents of state bodies, the promulgation of newly approved laws, Presidential decrees, and government announcements. First issued on 11 November 1990, Rossiyskaya Gazeta has a circulation of 185,445 as of 2010, making it one of the largest Russian and Russian language newspapers.The Argus (Melbourne)
The Argus was a morning daily newspaper in Melbourne, Australia that was established in 1846 and closed in 1957. It was considered to be the general Australian newspaper of record for this period. Widely known as a conservative newspaper for most of its history, it adopted a left-leaning approach from 1949. The Argus's main competitor was David Syme's more liberal-minded newspaper, The Age.The Columbian
The Columbian is a daily newspaper for Vancouver, Washington and Clark County in Washington State in the United States. The paper was published for its first decade (1890-1900) as a four-page daily that was meant as a counterweight to the local Republican newspaper The Independent. Printer Tom Carolan began publication of The Vancouver Columbian on October 10, 1890. It successfully hedged out daily competition, such as the former Independent, to become the sole daily in the city today. A former weekly The Sun which published for 39 years prior to going daily; was absorbed by the Columbian and for a time the paper was published as The Vancouver Columbian and the Sun. It has been owned by the Campbell family since 1921; current president and publisher Scott Campbell is the third generation of the family to run the paper. It is the newspaper of record for both Vancouver and Washougal.Members of The Columbian's editorial board are Scott Campbell, Jody Campbell, Craig Brown and Greg Jayne.The Daily News (Texas)
The Daily News, formerly the Galveston County Daily News and Galveston Daily News, is a newspaper published in Galveston, Texas, United States. It was first published April 11, 1842, making it the oldest newspaper in the U.S. state of Texas. The newspaper founded The Dallas Morning News on October 1, 1885 as a sister publication. It currently serves as the newspaper of record for the City of Galveston as well as Galveston County.The Daily Star (Bangladesh)
The Daily Star is the largest circulating daily English-language newspaper in Bangladesh. Founded by Syed Mohammed Ali on 14 January 1991, as Bangladesh transitioned and restored parliamentary democracy, The Daily Star emerged as a leading and influential national newspaper of record. The newspaper's position in Bangladesh is comparable to that of The New York Times in the United States and The Independent in the United Kingdom.Its motto, "Committed to People's Right to Know", appears on the above the fold middle section of the front page. The newspaper is led by Mahfuz Anam, a member of Mukti Bahini, and former United Nations official. Its principal bureaus are located in Dhaka and Chittagong, with several representatives abroad. It is organized into sections: News, Opinion and Editorial, Star Business, Star Sports, Arts and Entertainment, National and Metropolitan. Its major supplements include The Star, Forum, Lifestyle, Star Literature, Law & Our Rights, Shout, Star Insight and Science and Life.
The Daily Star is owned by Mediaworld, in which a major share is held by Latifur Rahman's Transcom Group. The Transcom Group also owns Prothom Alo, one of the most widely read Bengali newspapers in the world.Traverse City Record-Eagle
The Traverse City Record-Eagle is a daily morning newspaper based in Traverse City, Michigan. It calls itself "Northern Michigan's Newspaper". and is the newspaper of record for Grand Traverse County.Winnipeg Free Press
The Winnipeg Free Press is a daily (excluding Sunday) broadsheet newspaper in Winnipeg, Manitoba. It provides coverage of local, provincial, national, international, sports, business, and entertainment news. Various consumer-oriented features such as homes and automobiles appear on a weekly basis. The newspaper's main competition is the Winnipeg Sun, a print daily tabloid.
Founded in 1872 as the Manitoba Free Press, it is the oldest newspaper in western Canada. It has the largest readership of any newspaper in the province and is regarded as the newspaper of record for Winnipeg and Manitoba. The newspaper's existence began only two years after Manitoba's joining of Confederation in 1870, and predated Winnipeg's incorporation in 1873.York News-Times
The York News-Times is a daily newspaper published in York, Nebraska. It is the newspaper of record for York County and surrounding counties in the Rainwater Basin region.
Part of Berkshire Hathaway's BH Media Group, the News-Times is published five mornings per week, with Sunday and Monday off. It has an estimated circulation between 3,477 and 4,349. In March 2016, Carrie Colburn was named publisher.