The New York World-Telegram, later known as the New York World-Telegram and Sun, was a New York City newspaper from 1867 to 1966.
|New York World-Telegram|
Front page of the New York World-Telegram dated August 7, 1945, featuring the atomic bombing of Hiroshima, Japan.
|Founder(s)||James Gordon Bennett|
|Headquarters||New York City|
Founded by James Gordon Bennett as The Evening Telegram in 1867, the newspaper began as the evening edition of The New York Herald, which itself published its first issue in 1835. Following Bennett’s death, newspaper and magazine owner Frank A. Munsey purchased The Telegram in June 1920. Munsey’s associate Thomas W. Dewart, the late publisher and president of the New York Sun, owned the paper for two years after Munsey died in 1925 before selling it to Scripps for an undisclosed sum in 1927. At the time of the sale, the paper was known as The New York Telegram, and it had a circulation of 200,000.
The newspaper became the World-Telegram in 1931, following the sale of the New York World by the heirs of Joseph Pulitzer to Scripps Howard. More than 2,000 employees of the morning, evening and Sunday editions of the World lost their jobs in the merger, although some star writers, like Heywood Broun and Westbrook Pegler, were kept on the new paper.
The World-Telegram enjoyed a reputation as a liberal paper for some years after the merger, based on memories of the Pulitzer-owned World. However, under Scripps Howard the paper moved steadily to the right, eventually becoming a conservative bastion.
In 1950, the paper became the New York World-Telegram and Sun after Dewart and his family sold Scripps the remnants of another afternoon paper, the New York Sun. (The writer A.J. Liebling once described the "and Sun" portion of the combined publication's nameplate as resembling the tail feathers of a canary on the chin of a cat.)
Early in 1966, a proposal to create New York's first joint operating agreement led to the merger of the World-Telegram and Sun with Hearst's Journal American. The intention was to produce a joint afternoon edition, with a separate morning paper to be produced by the Herald Tribune. The last edition of the World-Telegram and Sun was published on April 23, 1966. But when strikes prevented the JOA from taking effect, the papers instead united in August 1966 to become the short-lived New York World Journal Tribune, which lasted only until May 5, 1967. Its closure left New York City with three daily newspapers: The New York Times, the New York Post and the New York Daily News.
Not to be confused with the Republic of the Congo.The following lists events that happened during 1960 in the Republic of Congo.Alexander Gault MacGowan
Alexander Gault MacGowan (7 February 1894 – 30 November 1970) was a leading war correspondent during World War II. Born to Scottish parents in Manchester, England, he was educated at Manchester Grammar School. MacGowan served with the British army in India during World War I. On 23 May 1923, he received a lieutenant's commission in the 8th Light Cavalry of the Army in India Reserve of Officers. From 1929 to 1934, while he was the editor of the Trinidad Guardian, MacGowan hired Seepersad Naipaul, the father of Nobel prize-winning V. S. Naipaul, to write features for that newspaper. In October 1934, MacGowan began a sixteen-year stint with The Sun of New York, later known as the New York World-Telegram and Sun. He rose from correspondent to become managing editor of The Sun's European Bureau after the war.Before the war, MacGowan won a Selfridge Award in 1932 for an article about Devil's Island in The Times. Later, he covered the coronations of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth II, the Spanish Civil War, and spent time in Morocco with the French Foreign Legion (1937).
During World War II, MacGowan continued writing for The Sun, covering the Battle of Britain, the disastrous Dieppe raid (in which he wrote about dive bomber strafing and depth charges around his ship). Reporting later from North Africa, Ernie Pyle referred to him as the "oldest" correspondent there, fearlessly popping up from his foxhole to interview soldiers between incoming rounds. After the defeat of Rommel in Africa, MacGowan transferred to Italy, and in 1944 covered the D-Day landings in northern France. On 15 August 1944, he had one of his closest brushes with death as he was captured, along with a couple of other correspondents, by two German light tanks firing machine guns at them. His friend William Makin, on the jeep with him, was critically wounded. MacGowan's capture was reported in daily newspapers in London, New York and elsewhere around the world. The New York Times headline read, "MacGowan of Sun Captured in France; Nazis Report Companion Hurt in 'Scrape'". A couple of days later, he eluded his captors by leaping from a prisoner-of-war train in the middle of the night. In April and May 1945 he gave The Sun eyewitness reports of the liberation of the Buchenwald and Dachau death camps.
After the war, MacGowan worked as European Bureau chief of The Sun until the newspaper was sold to the New York World-Telegram in January 1950. The World-Telegram and Sun dropped all nonunion Sun employees after a strike that began in January 1950, among them MacGowan. He then became a European correspondent for the North American Newspaper Alliance, also starting a venture of his own with the production of a series of small guidebooks for tourists, such as "Heidelberg Confidential," and "Switzerland Confidential." In 1956 he began to devote all his efforts to writing and publishing the travel newspaper, European Life, first in Munich, then after 1963 in Heidelberg.MacGowan died on 30 November 1970, at his home in Heidelberg, as a result of complications from osteoporosis.Danny MacFayden
Daniel Knowles MacFayden (June 10, 1905 – August 26, 1972) was an American starting and relief pitcher in Major League Baseball. From 1926 through 1943, he played for the Boston Red Sox (1926–1932), New York Yankees (1932–1934), Cincinnati Reds (1935), Boston Braves (1935–1939, 1943), Pittsburgh Pirates (1940) and Washington Senators (1941). In a 17-season career, he posted a 132–159 record with 797 strikeouts and a 3.96 earned run average in 2706 innings pitched. His best season was 1936, when he earned 17 victories with 86 strikeouts and a 2.87 ERA, all career bests.
He batted and pitched right-handed. His best pitch was a side-arm curve ball.
MacFayden's serious demeanor won him the nickname "Deacon Danny", though New York World-Telegram sportswriter Dan Daniel, a harsh critic of his play, called him "Dismal Danny" when he was with the Yankees.Edward J. Mowery
Edward Joseph Mowery (b. March 8, 1906 – d. December 12, 1970 Lancaster, Ohio) was an American journalist, awarded the Pulitzer Prize and NBC 'Big Story' in 1953 for his reporting facts of an investigation which brought vindication and freedom to Louis Hoffner falsely convicted with murder.During his journalism career he served as feature writer and editor for many newspapers, including the Columbus Citizen, the New York Post, Lancaster Daily Eagle, the New York World-Telegram and the New York Herald Tribune.Elliott Arnold
Elliott Arnold (September 13, 1912 – May 13, 1980) was an American newspaper feature writer, novelist, and screenwriter.
He was born in Brooklyn, New York and became a feature writer with the New York World-Telegram. Among his books, Elliott Arnold is probably best known for his 1947 novel Blood Brother that was adapted as the acclaimed 1950 motion picture Broken Arrow and a 1956 TV series of the same name. The popular Indian Wedding Blessing is based on a passage from Blood Brother. His 1949 biography of Sigmund Romberg was made into the 1954 musical film, Deep in My Heart.
Elliott Arnold died in New York City in 1980 at the age of sixty-seven.Frederick Woltman
Frederick Woltman (1905–1970) was a 20th-century American newspaper journalist for the New York World-Telegram, known as "an anti-communist reporter in the 1940s and early 1950s but best known for criticism of U.S. Senator Joseph McCarthy in a series of articles called "The McCarthy Balance Sheet," which ran July 12–16, 1954.Gertrude Flynn
Gertrude Flynn (January 14, 1909 – October 16, 1996) was an American stage, film and television actress. She was married to Asa Bordages, a feature writer for the New York World-Telegram and playwright known for the 1941 play Brooklyn USA.Harriet Van Horne
Harriet Van Horne (May 17, 1920 – January 15, 1998) was an American newspaper columnist and film/television critic. She was a writer for many years at the New York World-Telegram and its successors.Lawrence Fertig
Lawrence W. Fertig (b. 1898 – d. 1986) was an American advertising executive and a libertarian journalist and economic commentator.
Fertig wrote a weekly column for the New York World-Telegram and the New York Sun. Fertig also wrote the 1961 Regnery Publishing offering, Prosperity Through Freedom.He was the founder of Lawrence Fertig & Company, a New York City advertising and marketing firm. The Hoover Institution maintains an archive of Fertig's papers in Stanford, California.Matty Simmons
Matty Simmons is an American film and television producer, former newspaper reporter for the New York World-Telegram and Sun, and former Executive Vice President of Diner's Club, the first credit card company. Simmons gained his greatest fame while serving as the chief executive officer of Twenty First Century Communications.
Founded in 1967 by Simmons and fellow Diner's Club refugee Len Mogel, Twenty First Century was created to publish a "counterculture" magazine called Cheetah. While Cheetah failed, the partners had more success in the 1970s with Weight Watchers and National Lampoon magazines. Under Simmons' direction, National Lampoon's entire editorial staff was fired and replaced with his children (Michael Simmons and Andy Simmons), as well as Peter Kleinman and Larry Sloman. The magazine expanded into radio, theater, records and film.Simmons's film credits include acting as the producer of National Lampoon's Animal House and the National Lampoon's Vacation film series.
He has written seven books. His most recent, Fat, Drunk, and Stupid: The Making of Animal House, was published by St. Martins Press in 2012.Nelson Frank
Julian Nelson Frank (1906–1974) was known as a: journalist for the New York World-Telegram, anti-communist, special agent with U.S. Naval Intelligence, and investigator for the Senate Internal Security Subcommittee.New York Evening Telegram
The New York Evening Telegram was a New York City daily newspaper. It was established in 1867. The newspaper was published by James Gordon Bennett, Jr., and it was said to be considered to be an evening edition of the New York Herald.
Frank Munsey acquired the Telegram in 1920, which ceased its connection to the Herald. It merged into the New York Evening Mail in 1924. Eventually, it was merged into the New York World-Telegram.Pulitzer Prize for Reporting
The Pulitzer Prize for Reporting was awarded from 1917 to 1947.Robert W. Peterson (writer)
Robert W. Peterson (1925 Warren, Pennsylvania –February 11, 2006) was an American newspaper writer who later became a freelance author of magazine articles and books, especially on the topics of sports and Scouting. His 1970 chronicle of Negro league baseball entitled Only the Ball Was White was hailed by The New York Times as having "recaptured a lost era in baseball history and a rich facet of black life in America". The baseball commissioner at the time, Bowie Kuhn, later credited Peterson's book with having "focused greater attention on the accomplishments of Negro League players", leading to their admission to the Baseball Hall of Fame.He was raised in Warren, Pennsylvania, Peterson played baseball while attending Upsala College. He was a writer and editor with the old New York World-Telegram newspaper, which folded in 1966. Peterson died of lung cancer on February 11, 2006, in Salisbury, Pennsylvania, survived by his wife Peggy and a son and daughter. At the time of his death, he was on a committee selecting Negro league players for the Hall of Fame.Peterson's book, The Boy Scouts: An American Adventure, was written in 1984 on the eve of the 75th anniversary of the Boy Scouts of America (BSA). In it, he discusses the history of Scouting's various programs, such as the founding of the Order of the Arrow by E. Urner Goodman, and the influence Ernest Thompson Seton's successful use of American Indian culture in his Woodcraft Indians program had on Scouting's early development, particularly the Order of the Arrow. Peterson also wrote numerous articles for Scouting magazine in the 1970s–1990s, such as a tribute to William Hillcourt in 1985, acclaiming the influential BSA leader as "the foremost influence on development of the Boy Scouting program". He subsequently wrote another article for Scouter magazine about Hillcourt in 2001. Among the articles Peterson penned for the BSA's Scouting magazine was an account of Scouting activities in the Japanese-American internment camps during World War II.Rosser Reeves Ruby
The Rosser Reeves Ruby, Weighing 138.7 carats (27.74 g), is one of the world's largest and finest star rubies. This Sri Lankan stone is renowned for its great color and well-defined star pattern. The stone is named after Advertising mogul Rosser Reeves who pioneered his industry. And whose techniques were very popular in the 1950s and 1960s,and gave a successful boost to the election campaign of Dwight D. Eisenhower in 1952, which led to his election as the 34th President of the United States of America. Rosser donated the piece to the Smithsonian in 1965, carried it around as a lucky stone, referring to it as his baby. He often stated that he had acquired the stone at an auction in Istanbul in the mid-1950s. He actually bought the stone from Robert C. Nelson Jr. of New York City who was acting on behalf of Firestone & Parson of Boston. Firestone & Parson were selling the stone for Mr. Paul Fisher of New York. Mr. Robert Fisher, Paul's father, had bought the ruby at an auction in London in 1953. At the time the ruby then weighed just over 140 carats (28 g), but was very heavily scratched, and a few carats were removed in the repolishing. The repolishing also helped to center the stone's star. Articles in the New York World-Telegram and The Sun in 1953 mentioned this fabulous gemstone. This incredible stone is still located in the Smithsonian and is proudly displayed for all to see.Selwyn Raab
Selwyn Raab (born June 26, 1934 in New York City) is an American journalist, author and former investigative reporter for The New York Times. He has written extensively about the American Mafia and criminal justice issues.Stan Hunt
Stanley Richard Hunt (August 18, 1929 – January 4, 2006) was an American newspaper cartoonist.
Born in Williston Park, New York, Hunt served in the Korean War with the 1st Infantry Division of the U.S. Army. After the war, Hunt attended the New York School of Art. He created cartoons for various newspapers, including the New York World-Telegram and St. Petersburg Times. He was with The Pilot in North Carolina shortly before his death at age 76.
He was an editorial and sports cartoonist for The Springfield Union and The Charlotte Observer. Later he moved on to Myrtle Beach, South Carolina to work on golf magazines.Will B. Johnstone
Will B. Johnstone (13 March 1881 –4 February 1944) was an American writer, cartoonist, and lyricist. His writing credits include the Marx Brothers's Broadway revue I'll Say She Is and, with S.J. Perelman, their first two Hollywood films, Monkey Business and Horse Feathers. He also wrote several popular songs, including a version of How Dry I Am.
He created the cartoon character of The Tax Payer wearing only a barrel held up by suspenders. It was a regular feature in the New York World-Telegram. Johnstone also created the comic strip You Know Me Al (distributed by the Bell Syndicate).Willard Mullin
Willard Mullin (September 14, 1902 – December 20, 1978) was an American sports cartoonist. He is most famous for his creation of the "Brooklyn Bum", the personification of the Brooklyn Dodgers baseball team, based on circus clown Emmett Kelly's "Weary Willie" hobo persona. He was widely published: he cartooned daily for Scripps-Howard's New York World-Telegram and Sun for decades and was often published in Scripps-Howard's twenty papers, as well as in the Sporting News.
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Pulitzer Prize for Public Service (1926–1950)