New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission

The New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission (LPC) is the New York City agency charged with administering the city's Landmarks Preservation Law. The Commission was created in April 1965 by Mayor Robert F. Wagner, Jr.[1] following the destruction of Pennsylvania Station the previous year to make way for the construction of the current Madison Square Garden. The Commission is responsible for protecting New York City's architecturally, historically, and culturally significant buildings and sites by granting them landmark or historic district status, and regulating them once they're designated. It is the largest municipal preservation agency in the nation.[2]

The Landmarks Preservation Commission consists of 11 commissioners, and is required by law to include a minimum of three architects, a historian, a city planner or landscape architect, a realtor and at least one resident of each of the five New York City boroughs.[2]

According to the Landmarks Preservation Law, a building must be at least thirty years old before the Commission can declare it a landmark.[3] City law also allows for the Commission's decision to be overturned if an appeal is filed within 90 days.[4]

Coordinates: 40°42′47″N 74°00′14″W / 40.71295°N 74.00377°W

NYP LOC4
The demolition of Pennsylvania Station was a key moment in the preservationist movement, which led to the creation of the Commission

Role

The goal of New York City's landmarks law is to preserve the aesthetically and historically important buildings, structures, and other objects that make up the New York City vista. The Landmarks Preservation Commission is responsible for deciding which properties should be subject to landmark status and enacting regulations to protect the aesthetic and historic nature of these properties. These regulations are generally designed to allow property owners to continue to use and maintain their properties, while preserving the important architectural characteristics of the properties. The commission preserves not only architecturally significant buildings, but the overall historical sense of place of neighborhoods that are designated as historic districts.[5] The commission is responsible for overseeing a range of designated landmarks in all five boroughs ranging from the Fonthill Castle in the North Bronx, built in 1852 for the actor Edwin Forrest, to the 1670s Conference House in Staten Island, where Benjamin Franklin and John Adams attended a conference aimed at ending the Revolutionary War.

The Commission helps preserve the City's landmark properties by regulating changes to their significant features.[6] The role of the Commission has evolved over time, especially with the changing real estate market in New York City.[7]

History

Public Theatre Astor Library Building from south
The Astor Library was the subject of the Commission's first public hearing in 1965

The Commission was created in 1965 through groundbreaking legislation signed by Mayor Robert F. Wagner in response to the mounting losses of historically significant buildings in New York City, most infamously Pennsylvania Station.[1]

The Landmarks Preservation Commission's first public hearing occurred in September, 1965 over the future of the Astor Library on Lafayette Street in Manhattan. The building was designated a New York City Landmark. Subsequently, the building was adaptively reused as The Public Theater.[8] Twenty-five years later, the Commission was cited by David Dinkins as having preserved New York City's municipal identity and enhanced the market perception of a number of neighborhoods. This success is believed to be due, in part, to the general acceptance of the commission by the city's developers.[5]

The Commission was headquartered in the Mutual Reserve Building from 1967 to 1980,[9] and later the Old New York Evening Post Building from 1980 to 1987.[10]

In 1989, when the Commission and its process was under review following a panel created by Mayor Koch in 1985,[11] a decision was made to change the process by which buildings are declared to be landmarks[12] due to some perceived issues with the manner by which the Commission operates[1] as well as the realization that the destruction feared when the Commission was formed was no longer imminent.[11]

In its first 25 years of existence, the Commission designated 856 buildings, 79 interiors and 9 parks or other outdoor places as landmarks, while declaring 52 neighborhoods with more than 15,000 buildings as historic districts.[1] As of May 30, 2017, there are more than 36,000 landmark properties in New York City, most of which are located in 141 historic districts in all five boroughs. The total number of protected sites includes 1,398 individual landmarks, 119 interior landmarks and 10 scenic landmarks. Some of these are also National Historic Landmarks (NHL) sites, and many are National Registered Historic Places (NRHP). [2]

Prominent court decisions

One of the most prominent decisions in which the Commission was involved was the preservation of the Grand Central Terminal with the assistance of Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis.[13] In 1978, the United States Supreme Court upheld the law in Penn Central Transportation Co., et al. v. New York City, et al., stopping the Penn Central Railroad from altering the structure and placing a large office tower above it.[14] This success is often cited as significant due to the Commission's origins following the destruction of Pennsylvania Station, referred to by some as architectural vandalism.[1]

In 1989, the Commission designated the Ladies' Mile Historic District.[15] The next year marked the first time in the Commission's history that a proposed landmark, the Guggenheim Museum (one of the youngest declared landmarks), received a unanimous vote by the Commission members.[3] The vast majority of the Commission's actions are not unanimous by the Commission members or the community with a number of cases including: St. Bartholomew's Episcopal Church, Bryant Park and a number of Broadway theatres resulting in challenges.[16] One of the most controversial properties was 2 Columbus Circle, which remained at the center of a discussion over its future for a number of years.[17]

Cultural landmarks, such as Greenwich Village's Stonewall Inn, are recognized as well not for their architecture, but rather for their location in a designated historic district.[18]

In a heatedly discussed decision on August 3, 2010, the Commission unanimously declined to grant landmark status to a building on Park Place in Manhattan, and thus did not block the construction of Cordoba House.[19]

South Street Seaport and "New Market Building"

A commission-designated historic district for the South Street Seaport has been active since 1977 and was extended on July 11, 1989.[20] After the Fulton Fish Market relocated to the Bronx in 2005, community members, with leadership from organizer Robert Lavalva,[21] developed the "New Amsterdam Market", a regular gathering with vendors selling regional and "sustainable" foodstuffs outside the old Fish Market buildings. The group's chartered organization planned eventually to attempt to reconstitute the "New Market Building", a 1939 structure with an Art Deco façade[22] and that was owned by the city, into a permanent food market. However, a real estate company, the Howard Hughes Corporation, possessed a lease for large parts of the Seaport area and desired to redevelop it, generating fears among locals that the New Market Building would be altered or destroyed.[22] The corporation has offered to provide a more modest food market (at 10,000 sq. ft.) into their development plans, but market organizers have not been satisfied as they believe this proposal is not guaranteed or large enough, and would still not ensure the protection of the historic building.[23]

A group of community activists formed the "Save Our Seaport Coalition" to advocate that the New Market Building be incorporated into the historic district set by the Landmarks Preservation Commission, in addition to calling for the protection of public space in the neighborhood and for support for the seaport's museum. This group included the Historic Districts Council, the "Save Our Seaport" community group, the New Amsterdam Market, and the Metropolitan Waterfront Alliance.[24] The "Save Our Seaport" group specifically argued that New Market Building was culturally important for its maintenance of the historic fish market for 66 years, and that it offers a "fine example of WPA Moderne municipal architecture (an increasingly rare form throughout the nation)."[25] They had encouraged others to write letters to the Landmarks Preservation Commission to support formal designation or district protection.[25] However, in 2013, the Landmarks Preservation Commission declined to hold a hearing to consider this landmark designation or to expand the district.[22] Community Board 1 supports protecting and repurposing the New Market Building,[22] and the Municipal Art Society argued in a report that "[it] has both architectural and cultural significance as the last functioning site of the important commercial and shipping hub at South Street Seaport." [26]

Little Syria and Washington Street

After the September 11 attacks in 2001, New York City tour guide Joseph Svehlak and other local historians became concerned that government-encouraged development in Downtown Manhattan would lead to the disappearance of the last physical heritage of the once "low-rise" Lower West Side of Manhattan.[27] Also known as "Little Syria" in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the area between Battery Park and the World Trade Center site, east of West Street and west of Broadway,[28] had been a residential area for the shipping elite of New York in the early 19th century, and turned into a substantial neighborhood of ethnic immigration in the mid-19th century. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, centered on Washington Street, the area became well known as Little Syria, hosting immigrants from today's Lebanon, Syria, and Palestine, as well those of many other ethnic groups including Greeks, Armenians, Irish, Slovaks, and Czechs. Due to eminent domain actions associated with the construction of the Brooklyn–Battery Tunnel and the World Trade Center,[29] in addition to significant highrise construction in the 1920s and 30s, only a small number of low-rise historic buildings from the earlier eras remain.

In 2003, Svehlak wrote a manifesto arguing for the landmark designation of "a trilogy"[30] of three contiguous buildings on Washington Street, the thoroughfare that was most closely associated with "Little Syria." These consisted of the Downtown Community House – which hosted the Bowling Green Association to serve the neighborhood's immigrants – 109 Washington Street (an 1885 tenement), and the terra-cotta St. George's Syrian Catholic Church. After years of advocacy, in January 2009, the Commission held a hearing about the landmark designation of the Melkite church, which did succeed.[31] However, under Chairman Robert Tierney, the Commission had declined to hold hearings on the Downtown Community House or 109 Washington Street.

Community and preservation groups — including the "Friends of the Lower West Side" and the "Save Washington Street" group led by St. Francis College student Carl "Antoun" Houck[32] — have continued, especially, to advocate for a hearing on the Downtown Community House, arguing that its history demonstrates the multi-ethnic heritage of the neighborhood, and that its Colonial Revival architecture intentionally links the immigrants to the foundations of the country,[33] and that preserving the three buildings together would tell a coherent story of an overlooked, but important ethnic neighborhood.[29] In addition to national Arab-American organizations,[34] Manhattan Community Board 1[35] and City Councilperson Margaret Chin[36] have also advocated for the Commission to hold a hearing on the Downtown Community House. According to the Wall Street Journal, however, the Commission argues that "the buildings lack the necessary architectural and historical significance and that better examples of the settlement house movement and tenements exist in other parts of the city."[29] The activists have said they hope that the Commission under the new mayor will be more receptive to preservation in the neighborhood.[35]

See also

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e Goldberger, Paul (April 15, 1990). "Architecture View; A Commission that has Itself Become a Landmark". The New York Times. Retrieved March 17, 2008.
  2. ^ a b c "About the Landmarks Preservation Commission". Landmarks Preservation Commission. Retrieved April 23, 2014.
  3. ^ a b Staff (August 19, 1990). "Guggenheim Museum Is Designated a Landmark". The New York Times. Retrieved March 17, 2008.
  4. ^ Dunlap, David W. (November 5, 1987). "5 More Broadway Theaters Classified as Landmarks". The New York Times. Retrieved March 17, 2008.
  5. ^ a b Dunlap, David W. (April 29, 1990). "Change on the Horizon for Landmarks". The New York Times. Retrieved March 17, 2008.
  6. ^ "Apply for a Permit". Landmarks Preservation Commission. Retrieved April 23, 2014.
  7. ^ Tarquinio, Alex (October 3, 2007). "New Buildings That Embrace the Old". The New York Times.
  8. ^ Gilbert, Frank B. (November 13, 1991). "Papp Proved that Landmarks Law Works (letter to the editor)". The New York Times. Retrieved March 17, 2008.
  9. ^ Colvin, Jill (December 21, 2011). "Former Home of Macy's and Mutual Reserve Building Become City Landmarks". DNAinfo. Archived from the original on March 20, 2017. Retrieved March 19, 2017.
  10. ^ Diamonstein-Spielvogel, Barbaralee (2011), The Landmarks of New York, Albany, New York: State University of New York Press, ISBN 978-1-4384-3769-9. p.283
  11. ^ a b Dunlap, David W. (December 27, 1987). "Advisory Group to Determine Future of Landmarks Board". The New York Times. Retrieved March 17, 2008.
  12. ^ Dunlap, David W/ (February 6, 1989). "Panel Urges Deadlines for Votes on Landmarks". The New York Times. Retrieved March 17, 2008.
  13. ^ Meistersinger, Toby von (March 7, 2008). "Some Grand Central Terminal Secrets Revealed". Gothamist. Archived from the original on March 10, 2008. Retrieved March 17, 2008.
  14. ^ Goldberger, Paul (June 4, 1977). "Office Tower Above Grand Central Barred by State Court of Appeals". The New York Times. Retrieved March 17, 2008.
  15. ^ Staff. (May 7, 1989) "Ladies' Mile District Wins Landmark Status," The New York Times
  16. ^ Dunlap, David W. (November 11, 1988). "Chairman Plans to Leave Panel on Landmarks". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-03-17.
  17. ^ Weiner, Alan S. (October 13, 2003). "The Building That Isn't There". The New York Times. Archived from the original on October 3, 2015. Retrieved March 17, 2008.
  18. ^ Dunlap, David W. (June 26, 1999). "Stonewall, Gay Bar That Made History, Is Made a Landmark". The New York Times. Retrieved March 17, 2008.
  19. ^ Hernandez, Javier C. (August 3, 2010). "Mosque Near Ground Zero Clears Key Hurdle". The New York Times. Retrieved August 7, 2011.
  20. ^ Historic Districts Council. "South Street Seaport." Retrieved August 11, 2014.
  21. ^ Hanania, Joseph. (January 24, 2014) "Duel at the Old Fulton Fish Market" The New York Times Retrieved: August 12, 2014.
  22. ^ a b c d Kreuzer, Terese Loeb (September 12, 2013) "City says no to landmarking Seaport building, leaving door open to demolition" Downtown Express. Retrieved August 12, 2014.
  23. ^ Reynolds, Aline. (March 20, 2013) "Food Market For Seaport In Last-Minute Deal Over Pier 17" Tribeca Tribune. Retrieved: August 12, 2014.
  24. ^ Garfinkel, Molly (ndg) "New Market Building is Place Matters building of the month!". Historic Districts Council. Retrieved: August 12, 2014
  25. ^ a b Save Our Seaport. "Support Seaport Landmark Preservation" Retrieved: August 12, 2014.
  26. ^ Municipal Art Society (2008) "Fulton Fish Market: New Market Building" Retrieved: August 12, 2014.
  27. ^ Wilensky-Lanford, Brook. (June 3, 2013) "Discovering 'Little Syria' — New York's Long-Lost Arab Neighborhood" Religion Dispatches Retrieved August 10, 2014.
  28. ^ Chowdhury, Sudeshna. (June 20, 2013) "Arab Americans Aim at Preserving New York's Little Syria" Inter Press Service. Retrieved August 10, 2014.
  29. ^ a b c Weiss, Jennifer (March 25, 2013) "In Lower Manhattan, Memories of 'Little Syria'" The Wall Street Journal p. A18 Retrieved: August 10, 2014
  30. ^ McFarlane, Skye H. (April 27 - May 3, 2007) "Tour guide looks to save remnants of 'Little Syria'" Downtown Express. Retrieved: August 10, 2014.
  31. ^ Caratzas, Michael D. (July 14, 2009) "{Former} St. George's Syrian Church Designation Report". New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission
  32. ^ Dunlap, David W. (January 2, 2012) "An Effort to Save the Remnants of a Dwindling Little Syria" The New York Times p. A18. Retrieved 10 August 2014.
  33. ^ Eakin, Britain (August 4, 2013) "Activists lobby 9/11 Memorial to remember ‘Little Syria'". Al-Arabiya. Retrieved August 10, 2014.
  34. ^ Wallace, Bruce (January 19, 2012) "Saving New York's 'Little Syria'" PRI's The World Retrieved: August 10, 2014.
  35. ^ a b Malek, Alia (October 27, 2013) "Rediscovering 'Little Syria' after the storm passed" Aljazeera America Retrieved August 10, 2014.
  36. ^ Khan, Taimur (September 21, 2013) "In New York's Little Syria, a fight to preserve the past" The National (Abu Dhabi)) p. A18. Retrieved: August 10, 2014.

External links

65 Broadway

The American Express Building, also known as 65 Broadway, is a building between Morris and Rector Streets in the Financial District of Manhattan, New York City. It was built in 1914-1917 and was designed by James L. Aspinwall of the firm of Renwick, Aspinwall & Tucker in the Neoclassical style. The 21-story building goes through to Trinity Place, and was the headquarters of American Express until 1975. The building is now sometimes called the Standard & Poors Building, but should not be confused with another building using that name at 25 Broadway. This Class A office building has 10 elevators, is LEED-certified, and qualifies for the Lower Manhattan Energy Program.

The New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission designated the concrete and steel-frame building a New York City landmark in December 1995.

C. B. J. Snyder

Charles B. J. Snyder (November 4, 1860 – November 14, 1945) was an American architect, architectural engineer, and mechanical engineer in the field of urban school building design and construction. He is widely recognized for his leadership, innovation, and transformation of school building construction process, design, and quality during his tenure as Superintendent of School Buildings for the New York City Board of Education between 1891 and 1923.

Fieldston, Bronx

Fieldston is a privately owned affluent neighborhood in the Riverdale section of the northwestern part of the New York City borough of the Bronx. It is bounded by Manhattan College Parkway to the south, Henry Hudson Parkway to the west, 250th Street to the north, and Broadway to the east. It is noted for its rural atmosphere, large houses and abundance of trees. The majority of the neighborhood is included in the Fieldston Historic District, designated by the New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission in 2006.The area is home to two of the three prestigious "Hill Schools", the Horace Mann School and the Ethical Culture Fieldston School; the third, Riverdale Country School, lies just outside Fieldston to the north. Manhattan College is located on Manhattan College Parkway, the neighborhood's southern boundary.

IRT Powerhouse

The IRT Powerhouse (Interborough Rapid Transit Powerhouse) is a former power station of the Interborough Rapid Transit Company. Built in 1904, the "thoroughly classical colossus of a building" fills the entire block between 58th to 59th Street, and from 11th to 12th Avenues in Riverside South, Manhattan. Since the building became unnecessary to the subway system in the 1950s, Consolidated Edison has used the space to supply the New York City steam system.The powerhouse is an elaborately detailed Renaissance Revival building. The architect was Stanford White of McKim, Mead & White. The building's magnificence and ornate details reflect the ideas of the City Beautiful movement. It has been described as "a classical temple that paid homage to modern industry. According to the Municipal Art Society, many of the building's original details are intact, although in March 2009, the Consolidated Edison Company removed the last of its original smokestacks. However, one smokestack built in 1967 remains. The building originally had six smokestacks, designed to echo the smokestacks on the great steamships at the nearby Hudson River piers.In a meeting of the New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission on November 5, 2015 the powerhouse was prioritized for designation as a public city landmark. Support for prioritizing the designation of the powerhouse was nearly unanimous, only opposed by two representatives of Consolidated Edison who currently operate the building as a part of the New York City steam system. On December 5, 2017, the IRT Powerhouse became a New York City Landmark.

Lenox Avenue

Lenox Avenue – also named Malcolm X Boulevard; both names are officially recognized – is the primary north–south route through Harlem in the upper portion of the New York City borough of Manhattan. This two-way street runs from Farmers' Gate at Central Park North (110th Street) to 147th Street. Its traffic is figuratively described as "Harlem's heartbeat" by Langston Hughes in his poem Juke Box Love Song. The IRT Lenox Avenue Line runs under the entire length of the street, serving the New York City Subway's 2 and ​3 trains.

From 119th Street to 123rd Street, Lenox Avenue is part of the Mount Morris Park Historic District, designated by the New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission in 1971.

List of New York City Designated Landmarks in Manhattan

This is a list of New York City landmarks in Manhattan designated by the New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission.

List of New York City Designated Landmarks in Manhattan below 14th Street

List of New York City Designated Landmarks in Manhattan from 14th to 59th Streets

List of New York City Designated Landmarks in Manhattan from 59th to 110th Streets

List of New York City Designated Landmarks in Manhattan above 110th Street

List of New York City Designated Landmarks in Manhattan on Islands

List of New York City Designated Landmarks in Manhattan above 110th Street

This is an incomplete list of landmarks in Manhattan above 110th Street designated by the New York City Landmark Preservation Commission. Some of these are also National Historic Landmark (NHL) sites, and NHL status is noted where known.

source: [1]; [2]; date listed is date of designation;

see also: National Register of Historic Places listings in Manhattan above 110th Street

List of New York City Designated Landmarks in Manhattan below 14th Street

This is a list of landmarks in Manhattan below 14th Street designated by the New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission. Some of these are also National Historic Landmark (NHL) sites, and NHL status is noted where known.

source: [1]; [2]; date listed is date of designation;

List of New York City Designated Landmarks in Manhattan from 14th to 59th Streets

This is an incomplete list of landmarks in Manhattan from 14th Street to 59th Street designated by the New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission. Some of these are also National Historic Landmark (NHL) sites, and NHL status is noted where known.

source: [1]; [2]; date listed is date of designation;

List of New York City Designated Landmarks in Manhattan from 59th to 110th Streets

This is an incomplete list of landmarks in Manhattan from 59th Street to 110th Street designated by the New York City Landmark Preservation Commission. Some of these are also National Historic Landmark (NHL) sites, and NHL status is noted where known.

source: [1]; [2]; date listed is date of designation;

List of New York City Designated Landmarks in Manhattan on smaller islands

This is intended to be a complete list of landmarks designated by the New York City Landmark Preservation Commission on the smaller islands of the borough of Manhattan. Some of these are also National Historic Landmarks, which is noted where known. The date listed is date of designation.

List of New York City Designated Landmarks in Queens

source: [1]; [2]; date listed is date of designation;

List of New York City Designated Landmarks in Staten Island

This is an incomplete list of landmarks designated by the New York City Landmark Preservation Commission in Staten Island, New York.

source: [1]; [2]; date listed is date of designation;

List of New York City Designated Landmarks in the Bronx

This is a list of landmarks designated by the New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission and located in the borough of the Bronx in New York City.

Lists of New York City landmarks

These are lists of New York City Landmarks designated by the New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission:

New York City Designated Landmarks in Manhattan:

List of New York City Designated Landmarks in Manhattan below 14th Street

List of New York City Designated Landmarks in Manhattan from 14th to 59th Streets

List of New York City Designated Landmarks in Manhattan from 59th to 110th Streets

List of New York City Designated Landmarks in Manhattan above 110th Street

List of New York City Designated Landmarks in Manhattan on smaller islands

List of New York City Designated Landmarks in Brooklyn

List of New York City Designated Landmarks in Queens

List of New York City Designated Landmarks in the Bronx

List of New York City Designated Landmarks in Staten Island

Our Lady of Esperanza Church

The Church of Our Lady of Esperanza is a Roman Catholic parish church in the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of New York, located at 624 West 156th Street between Broadway and Riverside Drive in the Washington Heights neighborhood of Upper Manhattan in New York City.

The church is part of Audubon Terrace, which was designated a Historic District by the New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission on January 9, 1979, but it is organizationally separate from the museum complex.

Prospect Park South

Prospect Park South is a neighborhood in the New York City borough of Brooklyn. It is bordered by Prospect Park and the Prospect Park Parade Ground to the north, Ocean Avenue and the BMT Brighton Line subway tracks to the east, Beverley Road to the south, and Coney Island Avenue to the west.Within the neighborhood, and comprising most of its area, is the Prospect Park South Historic District, designated by the New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission in 1979 and listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1983. The historic district is bounded by Church Avenue to the north, the BMT Brighton Line (B and ​Q trains) of the New York City Subway to the east, Beverley Road to the south, and between Stratford Road and Coney Island Avenue to the west.Prospect Park South, along with Flatbush and other neighborhoods within Flatbush, is policed by the 70th Precinct of the New York City Police Department.

William Tubby

William Bunker Tubby (21 August 1858 – 1944) was an American architect who was particularly notable for his work in New York City.

Tubby was born in Des Moines, Iowa, and graduated from Brooklyn Polytechnic Institute in 1875. He worked in the architectural offices of Ebenezer L. Roberts until beginning his own firm in 1883. Continuing this practice until his retirement in 1942, Tubby became a major New York architect. He created important buildings in a variety of styles, and was especially known for his Romanesque and Dutch Revival-style designs.

The house that Tubby designed for Charles Millard Pratt at 241 Clinton Avenue (1893, located in Brooklyn's Clinton Hill Historic District) is one of the city's finest examples of Romanesque Revival architecture. His creativity and expertise can also be seen in several other Brooklyn homes: the neo-Jacobean Brooklyn Society for Ethical Culture Meeting House, the Romanesque Revival style home at 234 Lincoln Place, the Queen Anne style row at 864-872 Carroll Street, the residences of Brooklyn mayors at 405 Clinton Avenue, and the Dutch Revival house at 43 Willow Street, which Tubby himself occupied.

His institutional designs include Pratt Institute's Student Union from 1887, the Romanesque Revival style South Hall for Pratt Institute in 1892 (designated New York City Landmark), the Renaissance Revival style library building for the Pratt Institute (1896, a designated New York City Landmark), the Romanesque Revival style 83rd Police Precinct House in Brooklyn (1894–95), a designated New York Landmark) and the Flemish Revival style Wallabout Market (demolished) which was once the second-largest market in the world. As a member of the Architects' Advisory Commission for the Brooklyn Carnegie Libraries, Tubby designed five library buildings.

Outside of New York City, Tubby created designs for banks, churches, libraries, hospitals and large estates throughout the Northeast, including Waveny House in New Canaan, Connecticut, and Dunnellen Hall in Greenwich, Connecticut. The Roslyn National Bank and Trust Company Building at Roslyn, New York, was built in 1931.Tubby lived in Brooklyn Heights at 43 Willow Street before retiring to Greenwich in his later life. A member of the Brooklyn Guild Association, he taught architecture at the Brooklyn Polytechnic Institute.

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