New York Americans

The New York Americans, colloquially known as the Amerks, were a professional ice hockey team based in New York City, New York from 1925 to 1942. They were the third expansion team in the history of the National Hockey League (NHL) and the second to play in the United States. The team never won the Stanley Cup, but reached the semifinals twice. While it was the first team in New York City, it was eclipsed by the second, the New York Rangers, which arrived in 1926 under the ownership of the Amerks' landlord, Madison Square Garden. The team operated as the Brooklyn Americans during the 1941–42 season before suspending operations in 1942 due to World War II and long-standing financial difficulties. The demise of the club marked the beginning of the NHL's Original Six era from 1942 to 1967, though the Amerks' franchise was not formally canceled until 1946.

The team's overall regular season record was 255–402–127.

New York Americans
New York Americans Logo
Founded1925
HistoryNew York Americans
19251941
Brooklyn Americans
1941–1942
Home arenaMadison Square Garden
CityNew York City, New York
ColorsRed, white and blue
              

Franchise history

Formation

In 1923, Thomas Duggan received options on three NHL franchises for the United States. After selling one to Boston grocery magnate Charles Adams, which became the Boston Bruins in 1924, Duggan arranged with Tex Rickard to have a team in Madison Square Garden. Rickard agreed, but play was delayed until the new Garden was built in 1925. In April of that year, Duggan and Bill Dwyer, New York City's most-celebrated prohibition bootlegger, were awarded the franchise for New York. Somewhat fortuitously given the shortage of players, the Hamilton Tigers, who had finished first the season before, had been suspended from the league after they struck for higher pay. However, the suspensions were quietly lifted in the off-season. Soon afterward, Dwyer duly bought the collective rights to the Tiger players for $75,000. He gave the players healthy raises—in some cases, double their 1924–25 season's salaries. Just before the season, Dwyer announced the New York Americans team name. Their original jerseys were covered with stars and stripes, patterned after the American flag.[1] Although he acquired the Tigers' players, Dwyer did not acquire the franchise; it was expelled from the league. As a result, the NHL does not consider the Americans to be a continuation of the Tigers—or for that matter, of the Tigers' predecessors, the Quebec Bulldogs. The Americans entered the league in the 1925–26 season along with the Pittsburgh Pirates. The Americans and Pirates became the second and third American-based teams in the NHL, following Adams' Boston Bruins, who began play the previous season.

NHL years

1925 26 NYAmericans NHL
The 1925–26 New York Americans

Success did not come easily for the Americans. Even though their roster was substantively the same that finished first the previous year, in the Americans' first season they finished fifth overall with a record of 12–22–4. However, they were a success at the box office; so much so that the following season Garden management landed a team of its own, the New York Rangers. A clause in the Amerks' lease with the Garden required them to support any bid for the Garden to acquire an NHL franchise. The Garden had promised Dwyer that it would never exercise that option, and that the Amerks would be the only team in the arena. However, when the Garden opted to seek its own team after all, the Amerks had little choice but to agree. They were thus doomed to a long history as New York City's second team.

The 1926–27 season saw the Americans continue to struggle, finishing 17–25–2. Part of the problem was that they were placed in the Canadian Division in defiance of all geographic reality, resulting in a larger number of train trips to Montreal, Toronto and Ottawa. Meanwhile, the Rangers won the American Division title. The next season saw the Americans fall even further by finishing last in their division (ninth overall) with a record of 11–27–6, while the Rangers captured the Stanley Cup in only their second year of existence.

The 1928–29 NHL season saw the Amerks sign star goaltender Roy Worters from the Pittsburgh Pirates. He led the team to a 19–13–12 record in that season, good enough for second in the Canadian Division (fourth overall). Worters had a 1.21 goals against average (GAA), becoming the first goaltender to win the Hart Trophy as the most valuable player in the league. Standing on Worters' shoulders, the Americans made the playoffs for the first time, but were unable to beat the Rangers in a total goals series. The Rangers had extreme difficulty scoring against Worters, but the futile Americans were equally unable to score against the Rangers. The Rangers ended up winning the series in the second game, 1–0 in overtime.

The following season saw the Americans plunge to fifth place in the division (ninth overall) with a 14–25–5 record. Worters followed up his stellar 1928–29 season with an atrocious 3.75 goals against average. Worters rebounded the next season, with a 1.68 goals against average. That was good enough to give the Americans a winning record. However, they missed out on a playoff berth since the Montreal Maroons had two more wins, which were the NHL's first tiebreaker for playoff seeding.

The 1931–32 season saw some developments that changed the way the hockey was played. In a game against the Bruins, the Americans iced the puck 61 times. At that time, there was no rule against icing. Adams was so angry that he pressed, to no avail, for the NHL to make a rule against icing. So, the next time the two teams met, the Bruins iced the puck 87 times in a scoreless game. It was not until a few years later that the NHL made a rule prohibiting icing, but those two games were the catalyst for change.[2]

New York Americans Logo 1926-1938
New York Americans logo from 1926–1938 period.

The Americans' lackluster on-ice performance was not the only problem for the franchise. With the end of Prohibition, Dwyer was finding it difficult to make ends meet. After the 1933–34 NHL season, having missed the playoffs for the fifth straight year, the Americans attempted a merger with the equally strapped Senators, only to be turned down by the NHL Board of Governors. During the 1935–36 season, Dwyer decided to sell the team. As fortunes had it, the Americans made the playoffs for the first time in six years under player-coach Red Dutton, but bowed out in the second round against the Maple Leafs. Even with this rebound, no buyers came forward, prompting Dwyer to abandon the team. The league announced a takeover of the team for the next season. Dwyer sued the NHL, saying it had no authority to seize his team. A settlement was reached whereby Dwyer could resume control provided he could pay off his debts by the end of the season. However, Dwyer could not do so, and the NHL took full control of the franchise. Despite the presence of Dutton, who had retired as a player to become coach and general manager, the team fared no better under the league's operation than before, finishing last with a record of 15–29–4. The only bright spot was Sweeney Schriner, who led the league in scoring that year.

The league asked Dutton to become operating head of the franchise for the 1937–38 season. The Americans signed veterans Ching Johnson and Hap Day and acquired goalie Earl Robertson. These new acquisitions greatly helped the team as they finished the season with a 19–18–11 record and made the playoffs. In the playoffs, they beat the Rangers in three games, but lost to the Chicago Black Hawks in three.

NY Americans Jersey
Team jersey on display in the Hockey Hall of Fame.

The Americans made the playoffs again in 1938–39 and 1939–40 seasons, but were bounced in the first round each time. Canada entered World War II in September 1939, and some of the team's Canadian players left for military service. An even larger number of players entered the military in 1940–41. With a decimated roster, the Americans missed the playoffs with a record of 8–29–11, the worst in franchise history. While the league's other teams were similarly hard-hit, Dutton was still bogged down by lingering debt from the Dwyer era. This debt, combined with the depletion of talent and wartime travel restrictions, forced Dutton to sell off his best players for cash. The Amerks were clearly living on borrowed time; it was only a matter of when, not if, they would fold.

"Brooklyn" Americans

At wit's end, Dutton changed the team's name for the 1941–42 NHL season to the Brooklyn Americans. He intended to move the team to Brooklyn, but there was no arena in that borough suitable enough even for temporary use. As result, they continued to play their home games in Manhattan at Madison Square Garden while practicing in Brooklyn. They barely survived the season, finishing with a record of 16–29–3. After the season, the Amerks suspended operations for the war's duration. In 1945, a group emerged willing to build a new arena in Brooklyn.[3] However, in 1946, the NHL reneged on previous promises to reinstate the Amerks and canceled the franchise. Although Dutton had every intention of returning the Amerks to the ice after World War II, NHL records list the Amerks as having "retired" from the league in 1942.

Legacy

The NHL did not expand beyond its remaining six teams until the 1967–68 season. Dutton blamed the owners of Madison Square Garden (who also owned the Rangers) for pressuring the NHL to not reinstate the Americans. Dutton was so bitter that he purportedly swore the Rangers would never win a Stanley Cup again in his lifetime. This "curse" became reality; the Rangers did not win another Cup until 1994, seven years after his death.

The last active New York Americans player was Pat Egan, who retired in 1951. The last active Brooklyn Americans player was Ken Mosdell, who retired in 1959.

The 1926–27 Americans team was the first team in professional sports history to have their surnames on the back of their uniform sweaters, along with numbers.

The New York metropolitan area did not have a second NHL team again until the establishment of the New York Islanders in nearby Uniondale, on Long Island, for the 1972–73 season. While the Americans attempted to relocate to Brooklyn in their final years, the Islanders did so, playing at the Barclays Center starting in the 2015–16 season, although unlike the Americans they continue to be known as the New York Islanders.[4][5]

Season-by-season record

Note: GP = Games played, W = Wins, L = Losses, T = Ties, Pts = Points, GF = Goals for, GA = Goals against, PIM = Penalties in minutes

Season GP W L T Pts GF GA PIM Finish Playoffs
1925–26 36 12 20 4 28 68 89 361 5th in NHL Missed playoffs
1926–27 44 17 25 2 36 82 91 349 4th in Canadian Missed playoffs
1927–28 44 11 27 6 28 63 128 563 5th in Canadian Missed playoffs
1928–29 44 19 13 12 50 53 53 486 2nd in Canadian Lost in Quarter-finals, 0–1 (Rangers)
1929–30 44 14 25 5 33 113 161 372 5th in Canadian Missed playoffs
1930–31 44 18 16 10 46 76 74 495 4th in Canadian Missed playoffs
1931–32 48 16 24 8 40 95 142 596 4th in Canadian Missed playoffs
1932–33 48 15 22 11 41 91 118 460 4th in Canadian Missed playoffs
1933–34 48 15 23 10 40 104 132 365 4th in Canadian Missed playoffs
1934–35 48 12 27 9 33 100 142 250 4th in Canadian Missed playoffs
1935–36 48 16 25 7 39 109 122 392 3rd in Canadian Won in Quarter-finals, 7–5 (Black Hawks)[a]
Lost in Semi-finals, 1–2 (Maple Leafs)
1936–37 48 15 29 4 34 122 161 481 4th in Canadian Missed playoffs
1937–38 48 19 18 11 49 110 111 327 2nd in Canadian Won in Quarter-finals, 2–1 (Rangers)
Lost in Semi-finals, 1–2 (Black Hawks)
1938–39 48 17 21 10 44 119 157 276 4th in NHL Lost in Quarter-finals, 0–2 (Maple Leafs)
1939–40 48 15 29 4 34 106 140 236 6th in NHL Lost in Quarter-finals, 1–2 (Red Wings)
1940–41 48 8 29 11 27 99 186 231 7th in NHL Missed playoffs
1941–42 48 16 29 3 35 133 175 425 7th in NHL Missed playoffs
Totals 784 255 402 127 637 1643 2182 6665

Team personnel

Hall of Famers

Team captains

Coaches

Head coaches for the New York Americans:

See also

References

Notes
  1. ^ Both third place teams in both divisions played each other in a two-game, total-goals series.[6]
Sources
  1. ^ "The Birth of the Rangers". NHL. Retrieved May 13, 2016.
  2. ^ Duplacey 1996, p. 131.
  3. ^ Fullerton, Hugh (May 2, 1945). "May Build Arena in Brooklyn Arena". Montreal Gazette. p. 16.
  4. ^ Rosen, Dan (October 24, 2012). "Islanders officially headed to Brooklyn in 2015". NHL. Retrieved May 13, 2016.
  5. ^ Kosman, Josh (April 25, 2013). "Islanders may change team colors with move to Brooklyn". New York Post. Retrieved May 13, 2016.
  6. ^ "Playoff Formats". NHL. Retrieved May 13, 2016.
Further reading
  • Coleman, Charles (1966). Trail of the Stanley Cup, Vol I., 1893–1926 inc. Kendall/Hunt.
  • Frayne, Trent (1974). The Mad Men of Hockey. New York, New York: Dodd, Mead and Company. ISBN 0-396-07060-4.

External links

1928–29 NHL season

The 1928–29 NHL season was the 12th season of the National Hockey League. Ten teams played 44 games each. This was the first Stanley Cup final that saw two United States-based teams compete for the cup. The Boston Bruins defeated the New York Rangers two games to none in the best-of-three final.

1935–36 NHL season

The 1935–36 NHL season was the 19th season of the National Hockey League (NHL). The St. Louis Eagles dropped out of the league, leaving eight teams. The Detroit Red Wings were the Stanley Cup winners as they beat the Toronto Maple Leafs three games to one in the final series.

1936–37 NHL season

The 1936–37 NHL season was the 20th season of the National Hockey League (NHL). Eight teams each played 48 games. The Detroit Red Wings were the Stanley Cup winners as they beat the New York Rangers three games to two in the final series.

1937–38 NHL season

The 1937–38 NHL season was the 21st season of the National Hockey League (NHL). Eight teams each played 48 games. The Chicago Black Hawks were the Stanley Cup winners as they beat the Toronto Maple Leafs three games to one in the final series.

1938–39 NHL season

The 1938–39 NHL season was the 22nd season of the National Hockey League (NHL). Seven teams each played 48 games. The Boston Bruins were the Stanley Cup winners as they beat the Toronto Maple Leafs four games to one in the final series.

1939–40 NHL season

The 1939–40 NHL season was the 23rd season for the National Hockey League. Of the league's seven teams, the Boston Bruins were the best in the 48-game regular season, but the Stanley Cup winners were the New York Rangers, who defeated the Toronto Maple Leafs in the best-of-seven final series 4–2 for their third Stanley Cup in 14 seasons of existence. It would be another 54 years before their fourth.

American

American(s) may refer to:

American, something of, from, or related to the United States of America, commonly known as the United States

Americans, nationals and citizens of the United States of America

American ancestry, people who self-identify their ancestry as "American"

American English, the set of varieties of the English language native to the United States

Native Americans in the United States, indigenous peoples of the United States

American, something of, from, or related to the Americas

Indigenous peoples of the Americas

American (word), for analysis and history of the meanings in various contexts

Ernő Schwarz

Ernő Schwarz or Schwarcz (7 March 1902 – 19 June 1977) was a Hungarian American soccer player, coach and promoter who served as head coach of the United States men's national soccer team. He played professionally in Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Austria and the United States, earning two caps, scoring two goals, with the Hungarian national team in 1922. Schwarz founded, owned, managed and played for the New York Americans in the first and second American Soccer Leagues. He was also the ASL and International Soccer League vice president. His daughter was married to United States national team player Ben Zinn.

Hooley Smith

Reginald Joseph "Hooley" Smith (January 7, 1903 – August 24, 1963) was a Canadian professional ice hockey forward who played for the Ottawa Senators, Montreal Maroons, Boston Bruins and New York Americans. He won the Stanley Cup twice, with Ottawa and Montreal. He is possibly the first National Hockey League player to wear a helmet.

Lionel Conacher

Lionel Pretoria Conacher, MP (; May 24, 1901 – May 26, 1954), nicknamed "The Big Train", was a Canadian athlete and politician. Voted the country's top athlete of the first half of the 20th century, he won championships in numerous sports. His first passion was football; he was a member of the 1921 Grey Cup champion Toronto Argonauts. He was a member of the Toronto Maple Leafs baseball team that won the International League championship in 1926. In hockey, he won a Memorial Cup in 1920, and the Stanley Cup twice: with the Chicago Black Hawks in 1934 and the Montreal Maroons in 1935. Additionally, he won wrestling, boxing and lacrosse championships during his playing career. He and Carl Voss are the only players to have their names engraved on both the Grey Cup and Stanley Cup.

Conacher retired as an athlete in 1937 to enter politics. He won election to the Legislative Assembly of Ontario in 1937, and in 1949 won a seat in the House of Commons. Many of his political positions revolved around sports. He worked to eliminate corruption in boxing while serving as a Member of Provincial Parliament (MPP) in Ontario, also serving as the chairman of the Ontario Athletic Commission. Additionally, he served a term as director of recreation and entertainment for the Royal Canadian Air Force. It was also on the sports field that Conacher died: He suffered a heart attack twenty minutes after hitting a triple in a softball game played on the lawn of Parliament Hill.Numerous organizations have honoured Conacher's career. In addition to being named Canada's athlete of the half-century, he was named the country's top football player over the same period. He was inducted into Canada's Sports Hall of Fame in 1955, the Canadian Football Hall of Fame in 1964, the Canadian Lacrosse Hall of Fame in 1965, the Hockey Hall of Fame in 1994, and the Ontario Sports Hall of Fame in 1996. Additionally, the Canadian Press gives the Lionel Conacher Award to its male athlete of the year.

List of New York Americans head coaches

List of Head Coaches for the New York Americans:

Tommy Gorman, 1925–26

Newsy Lalonde, 1926–27

Shorty Green, 1927–28

Tommy Gorman, 1928–29

Lionel Conacher, 1929–30

Eddie Gerard, 1930–31,1931–32

Bullet Joe Simpson, 1932–33 to 1934–35

Rosie Helmer, 1935–36

Red Dutton, 1936-37 to 1939-40

Art Chapman, 1940-41 to 1941-42

List of New York Americans players

This is a list of players who have played at least one game for the New York Americans (1925–1941) and Brooklyn Americans (1941–42) of the National Hockey League (NHL). This list does not include players for the Quebec Bulldogs (1919–20) and Hamilton Tigers (1920–1925).

Madison Square Garden (1925)

Madison Square Garden (MSG III) was an indoor arena in New York City, the third bearing that name. It was built in 1925 and closed in 1968, and was located on Eighth Avenue between 49th and 50th Streets in Manhattan, on the site of the city's trolley-car barns. It was on the west side of Eighth Avenue. It was the first Garden that was not located near Madison Square. MSG III was the home of the New York Rangers of the National Hockey League and the New York Knicks of the National Basketball Association, and also hosted numerous boxing matches, the Millrose Games, concerts, and other events.

New Haven Eagles

The New Haven Eagles were a professional ice hockey team that played in New Haven, Connecticut. The Eagles were one of five inaugural franchises in the Canadian American Hockey League, and a founding member of the American Hockey League.

New York Americans (soccer)

The New York Americans were an American soccer club founded in 1931. Based in New York, New York, it played in both the first American Soccer League and second American Soccer League.

Red Dutton

Norman Alexander Dutton (July 23, 1897 – March 15, 1987) was a Canadian ice hockey player, coach and executive. Commonly known as Red Dutton, and earlier by the nickname "Mervyn", he played for the Calgary Tigers of the Western Canada Hockey League (WCHL) and the Montreal Maroons and New York Americans of the National Hockey League (NHL). A rugged and physical defenceman, Dutton often led his team in penalty minutes, won the WCHL championship in 1924 as a member of the Tigers and was twice named a WCHL All-Star.

Dutton coached and managed the Americans and later purchased the team before suspending operations in 1942 due to World War II. He served as the second president of the NHL between 1943 and 1946 before resigning the position after the NHL's owners reneged on a promise to allow the Americans to resume operations following the war. He served as a Stanley Cup trustee for 37 years but otherwise limited his involvement with the NHL following the Americans' demise. He was inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame in 1958.

A successful businessman, Dutton operated a construction company that built Calgary's McMahon Stadium in 1960 and he served for a time as the president of the Calgary Stampeders football club and later the Calgary Exhibition and Stampede. He was invested as a member of the Order of Canada in 1981 and is honoured by both the Manitoba Hockey and Alberta Sports Halls of Fame. He was posthumously awarded the Lester Patrick Trophy in 1993 in recognition of his contributions to the game of hockey in the United States.

Roy Worters

Roy "Shrimp" Worters (October 19, 1900 – November 7, 1957) was a Canadian professional Hockey Hall of Fame goaltender who played twelve seasons in the National Hockey League for the Pittsburgh Pirates, Montreal Canadiens and New York Americans, and was notable for recording 66 shutouts in his career and being, at 5'3" tall, the shortest player ever to play in the NHL.

Stanley Chesney

Stanley Chesney (born January 19, 1910 in Bayonne, New Jersey; died January, 1978 in Bayonne, New Jersey) was an all around athlete best known as a U.S. soccer goalkeeper. He played in both the first and second American Soccer League and was inducted into the National Soccer Hall of Fame in 1966. Beyond soccer Stan was signed out of Bayonne High School by the legendary Branch Rickey to play baseball for the St. Louis Cardianls organization and played Firstbase in the Three "I" League. Stan also led his semi-pro NJ basketball team in scoring and was a local handball champion.

According to the National Soccer Hall of Fame, Chesney signed with the Bayonne Rovers when he was seventeen. At some point, he also played for Babcock & Wilcox. However, there are no records of these teams competing in the mid to late 1920s. At some point, he signed with the New York Americans of the first American Soccer League. He saw time in three games with the Americans during the fall 1931 ASL season. Chesney had a remarkable 17-year career with the Americans. In 1933, they fell to Stix, Baer and Fuller F.C. in the final of the National Challenge Cup. In 1937, they won the cup over St. Louis Shamrocks. The Americans also won the 1936 ASL championship. At some point in the mid-1940s, Chesney may have retired as he came out of retirement in 1948 to rejoin the New York Americans

Teddy Glover

Charles Edward "Teddy" Glover (7 April 1902 in Bootle, Liverpool, England – 8 February 1993 in Pueblo, Colorado) was a US soccer full back who began his career in the lower English divisions before playing several seasons in the American Soccer League. He is a member of the National Soccer Hall of Fame.

In August 1922, Glover began his professional career with New Brighton A.F.C. of the English Third Division North. On 14 July 1925, he moved to Southport F.C. for two seasons. On 5 August 1927, he was transferred to Wigan Borough F.C.. In 1928, he moved to the United States where he signed with the New York Giants of the Eastern Soccer League. The Giants moved to the American Soccer League in 1930, playing as the New York Soccer Club. In the spring of 1931, Glover moved to the New York Giants. However, this was a different team than the previous Giants. When the first Giants renamed themselves the New York Soccer Club, the owner of the New York Nationals decided to rename the Nationals the Giants. In the spring of 1931, the Giants won the ASL championship. The Giants folded after the spring 1932 season and Glover moved to the New York Americans. The first ASL collapsed in the summer of 1933, to be replaced by the second ASL. The Americans moved to the new league. In 1934, Glover joined Brookhattan of the ASL, remaining with them until 1940. He then finished out his career with Pfaelzer S.C. of the German American Soccer League and Brooklyn S.C.

Glover was inducted into the National Soccer Hall of Fame in 1951.

Teddy also served as an assistant coach at the University of Southern Colorado (now CSU-Pueblo) in 1991 and 1992.

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