New Street, Birmingham

New Street is a street in central Birmingham, England. It is one of the city's principal thoroughfares and shopping streets linking Victoria Square to the Bullring Shopping Centre. It gives its name to New Street railway station, although the station has never had direct access to New Street except via the Grand Central shopping centre through Stephenson Street.

New Street
New Street, Birmingham - DSCF0506
Length500 m (1,600 ft)
LocationBirmingham
Postal codeB2
East endHigh Street
52°27′27″N 1°53′42″W / 52.457567°N 1.895033°W
West endVictoria Square
52°28′46″N 1°54′08″W / 52.479486°N 1.902204°W
New Street -looking west -Birmingham -UK
New Street looking west, towards Victoria Square and the Town Hall.

History

New Street is first mentioned as novus vicus in the surviving borough rental records of 1296, at which point it was partly built upon with burgage plots,[1] but was also the site of most of the few open fields remaining within the borough, including Barlycroft, Stoctonesfeld and Wodegrene.[2] It is mentioned again, this time as le Newestret in the rentals of 1344–45.[3] The street may have been created at the time of the establishment of Birmingham's market in 1166, as a more direct route from the centre of the new town at the Bull Ring to the home of the de Birmingham family's feudal overlords at Dudley Castle.[4]

The street underwent large development during the 18th and 19th century and in an 1840s guide, shortly after the building of the Town Hall it is described as "the Bond Street of Birmingham; what with its glittering array of shops, its inns; its fine Elizabethan School, its School of Arts, its Theatre, its Post-office, it gives the tone to that part of the town."

In 1974, the Birmingham pub bombings took place in two pubs; one on New Street, the other under the Rotunda. A total of 21 people died as a result of their injuries in these blasts.[5]

Lost buildings

New Street Birmingham circa 1825 by Henry Harris
New Street circa 1825, by Henry Harris. Also looking west.
KES Free Grammar School Charles Barry
Charles Barry's Free Grammar School
Theatre Royal, Birmingham in 1780
The Theatre Royal in 1780

Today

New Street, September 2016
New Street, Birmingham, UK, September 2016

Victoria Square, containing Birmingham Town Hall, the old Post Office building, and Antony Gormley's Iron: Man, is at the western end. The Bull Ring and High Street shopping areas and the Rotunda are at the eastern end.

New Street today is mostly pedestrianised, although commercial vehicles are still permitted to enter. It is a popular shopping area which provides a busy link from Corporation Street to the Bullring Shopping Centre and the High Street. It has many well known retailers including; Primark, JD Sports, Adidas, Jack Wills, Tesco Metro, M Local, BHS, Boots and various other stores. Restaurants include Bella Italia, Café Rouge, Pizza Hut, Pret A Manger, EAT. and Starbucks.

Many of the city's Banks are located up New Street including; Royal Bank of Scotland, Lloyds Bank, NatWest, HSBC and Santander.

A farmers' market occurs on the first and third Wednesday of each month. Every Christmas a Frankfurt market is held on the street and in Victoria Square, its wooden huts selling items such as jewellery, ornaments, clothing and German food.

Bennetts Hill, notable as the birthplace of the artist, Edward Burne-Jones, runs off New Street roughly in the direction of St. Philip's Cathedral.

The Burlington Hotel, formerly known as the Midland Hotel, is located next to an Apple Store, which occupies the former grade II listed Midland Bank building, designed by Edward Holmes and built between 1867 and 1869. In 1875, a five-storey extension of offices was added to the building. The Burlington Arcade, the front area to the Burlington Hotel, underwent a renovation under the design of Malcolm Payne architects who designed a glass roof to cover the area which was once known as Burlington Passage. The lettering of the Midland Hotel is still visible however on the rear of the building fronting Stephenson Street. This was the building where Enoch Powell delivered his controversial 1968 Rivers of Blood speech regarding Commonwealth immigrants.[1]

References

  1. ^ Demidowicz 2008, p. 6
  2. ^ Demidowicz 2008, p. 10
  3. ^ Demidowicz 2008, p. 23
  4. ^ Demidowicz 2008, p. 33
  5. ^ "1974: Birmingham pub blasts kill 19". BBC News. 21 November 1974.
  6. ^ Dixon, Jenni (17 June 2012). "Eighteenth Century Birmingham. The Town's First Department Store: Warwick House". Eighteenth Century Birmingham. Retrieved 24 April 2015.

Sources

  • Demidowicz, George (2008), Medieval Birmingham: the borough rentals of 1296 and 1344-5, Dugdale Society Occasional papers, 48, Stratford-upon-Avon: The Dugdale Society, in association with the Shakespeare Birthplace Trust, ISBN 0-85220-090-0
  • The Buildings of England: Warwickshire, Nikolaus Pevsner and Alexandra Wedgwood, 1966, 2003, ISBN 0-300-09679-8

Coordinates: 52°28′41″N 1°53′59″W / 52.47819°N 1.89984°W

B postcode area

The B postcode area, also known as the Birmingham postcode area, provides postcodes for the city of Birmingham, boroughs of Solihull, Sandwell and parts of Warwickshire, Walsall, Worcestershire and Staffordshire in England.

Birmingham Humanists

Birmingham Humanist Group was formed on May 23, 1962 at the Arden Hotel, New Street, Birmingham, England, as a result of a notice placed in a newsletter of the Ethical Union, forerunner of the British Humanist Association (BHA), by Dr Anthony Brierley. It changed its name to Birmingham Humanists (Brum Hums) in 2000 and voted to become a Partner Group of the BHA which changed its name to Humanists UK in 2017. It holds most of its meetings at the rooms of the Community Development trust in Moseley, Birmingham.

Birmingham Interchange

Birmingham Interchange is a planned High Speed 2 railway station in the Metropolitan Borough of Solihull, West Midlands, England, expected to open in 2026.Unlike the city centre based Birmingham Curzon Street railway station, the interchange station will be a parkway, serving the east side of Birmingham and surrounding urban areas.The station will be on the opposite side of the M42 motorway from the National Exhibition Centre, Birmingham Airport and Birmingham International railway station. The interchange will be connected by a people mover to these locations with a capacity of over 2100 passengers per hour in each direction in the peak period.Journey time from this station to London is planned to be 38 minutes.

Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery

Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery (BM&AG) (grid reference SP066869) is a museum and art gallery in Birmingham, England. It has a collection of international importance covering fine art, ceramics, metalwork, jewellery, natural history, archaeology, ethnography, local history and industrial history.The museum/gallery is run by Birmingham Museums Trust, the largest independent museums trust in the United Kingdom, which also runs eight other museums around the city. Entrance to the Museum and Art Gallery is free, but some major exhibitions in the Gas Hall incur an entrance fee. In 2017, 602,634 visitors came to the museum.

Birmingham Odeon

The Birmingham Odeon is a cinema located at 139 New Street in Birmingham, England.

It originally opened in 1937 as the Paramount Theatre, featuring a seating capacity of 2,439. It was built on land made vacant by the removal of King Edward VI School to its new home in Edgbaston.

The cinema received its current name in 1942 after it was purchased by Oscar Deutsch's Odeon Cinemas chain. During the 1970s and early to mid-1980s it was a very popular venue for concerts. In 1988 the auditorium was divided into six screens (with two further screens installed in other parts of the building during the early 1990s), ultimately forming an eight screen multiplex with an overall seating capacity of 1,732.

The rear aspect of the building occupies a striking position overlooking the railway tracks at the southeastern approach to New Street station.

Birmingham station group

The Birmingham station group is a station group of three railway stations in Birmingham city centre, England consisting of New Street, Snow Hill and Moor Street. The station group is printed on national railway tickets as BIRMINGHAM STNS and does not include the international station of Birmingham International, which is located some 14 kilometres (8.7 mi) east of the city centre next to Birmingham Airport and National Exhibition Centre.

There are two other railway stations in central Birmingham, namely Five Ways in the south west of the city centre with connections on the New Street to Redditch line, and Jewellery Quarter in the north west of the city centre with connections on the Snow Hill to Worcester line and the Midland Metro.

Bloxwich railway station

Bloxwich railway station serves Bloxwich, in the Metropolitan Borough of Walsall, West Midlands, England. The station, and all trains serving it, are operated by West Midlands Railway.

Bull Street tram stop

Bull Street for Snow Hill Station tram stop is a tram stop on the city-centre extension of the West Midlands Metro tram system serving Bull Street in Birmingham, England. Construction started in June 2012, and it was opened on 6 December 2015, becoming the first stop of the city-centre extension to open, and the first on-street tram stop to operate in Birmingham since the closure of the Birmingham Corporation Tramways in 1953, and the temporary southern terminus of the service. The rest of the extension to Grand Central was opened on 30 May 2016.

Central Trains

Central Trains was a train operating company in the United Kingdom owned by National Express that operated a variety of local and inter-regional trains from March 1997 until November 2007.

Coleshill Parkway railway station

Coleshill Parkway is a railway station at Hams Hall on the Birmingham to Peterborough railway line, serving Coleshill in Warwickshire, England. Sitting on the site of the former Coleshill station which closed in 1968, the current station was opened in 2007, it is owned by Network Rail and managed by West Midlands Trains train operating company (TOC); all rail services are operated by CrossCountry.

Edward Holmes (architect)

Edward Holmes (1832 – 1909) was an architect from Birmingham, England.

New Street

New Street may refer to:

Birmingham New Street railway station, a railway station in Birmingham, UK

New Street, Birmingham, a street in Birmingham, United Kingdom

New Street, Brussels (Rue Neuve/Nieuwstraat), a street in Brussels, Belgium

Old Square, Birmingham

Old Square is a public square and road junction in the Core area of Birmingham City Centre, England.

Perry Barr railway station

Perry Barr Railway Station is a railway station in Perry Barr, Birmingham, England.

Although rebuilt around the time of electrification in the 1960s, it stands on the site of the original Grand Junction Railway station of 1837, and so is the oldest station on its original site in the city, and one of the oldest continually-operated station sites in the world. The pedestrian entrance is on the A34 Walsall Road.

It has two platforms, one each side of the two operating lines, with no points or sidings. The ticket office is on a bridge over the tracks, which are below street level. It is manned on a part-time basis throughout the week. and has a Permit to Travel and self-service ticket machine available for use when the ticket office is closed. Waiting shelters and bench seating is provided at platform level, along with customer help points, CIS displays and automated announcements to offer train running information. Both platforms have step-free access via ramps.As well as local residents, shops and businesses, it serves:

Alexander Stadium

Perry Barr Stadium

Perry Hall Park

Birmingham City University

a number of bus services, including the Outer Circle

Rotunda (Birmingham)

The Rotunda is a cylindrical highrise building in Birmingham, England. The Grade II listed building is 81 metres (266 ft) tall and was completed in 1965. It was refurbished between 2004 and 2008 by Urban Splash with Glenn Howells who turned it into a residential building with serviced apartments on 19th and 20th floors. The building was officially reopened on 13 May 2008.

Samuel Wyatt

Samuel Wyatt (8 September 1737, Weeford, Staffs. – London, 8 February 1807) was an English architect and engineer. A member of the Wyatt family, which included several notable 18th- and 19th-century English architects, his work was primarily in a neoclassical style.

Sandwell and Dudley railway station

Sandwell and Dudley railway station is on the Birmingham Loop of the West Coast Main Line, on the outskirts of Oldbury town centre on Bromford Lane (the main route towards West Bromwich, West Midlands), England. Despite the second part of the name, the station is located between West Bromwich and Oldbury, and as such, is nowhere near Dudley.

It was originally opened as 'Oldbury' in 1852 and was one of two stations in the town. The more centrally located Great Western Railway Oldbury was located on the site of the bingo hall opposite the Sainsburys supermarket and was the only station on the GWR's Oldbury Branch Line from Langley Green.

However, in 1984 it was rebuilt as a railway station designed to serve the metropolitan boroughs of Sandwell and Dudley with a new name to suit. It was equipped with longer platforms capable of handling long-distance intercity trains.

Urban rail in the United Kingdom

Urban rail, commuter rail, regional rail, or suburban rail plays a key role in public transport in many of the United Kingdom's major cities. Urban rail is defined as a rail service between a central business district and suburbs or other locations that draw large numbers of people on a daily basis. The trains providing such services may be termed commuter trains.Unlike light rail, urban rail is classed as heavy rail, operating on lines shared with other passenger and freight trains with networks often larger than those of light rail. The infrastructure in Great Britain is owned by Network Rail, and stations served by one urban rail network may be managed by different train companies. In Northern Ireland NI Railways have responsibility for both the infrastructure and operations.

William Hutton (historian)

William Hutton (30 September 1723 – 20 September 1815) was an English poet and historian. Originally from Derby, he moved to Birmingham and became the first significant historian of the city, publishing his History of Birmingham in 1781.

Flag of Birmingham Streets and roads in Birmingham, England
City centre streets
City centre squares
Suburban streets
A roads
Motorways
Defunct

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