New London, Wisconsin

New London is a city in Outagamie and Waupaca Counties in the U.S. state of Wisconsin. Founded in 1851,[6] the population was 7,295 at the 2010 census. Of this, 5,685 were in Waupaca County, and 1,640 were in Outagamie County. The city has a Saint Patrick's Day Parade, Irish Fest, and week-long festivities, when the city's name is changed to "New Dublin" for the week.[7]

The American Water Spaniel was developed as a registered breed by F. J. Pfeifer of New London.[8] It was named the state dog in 1986.

New London, Wisconsin
Old City Hall of New London
Old City Hall of New London
Nickname(s): 
New Dublin
Location of New London in Waupaca &Outagamie Counties, Wisconsin.
Location of New London in Waupaca &Outagamie Counties, Wisconsin.
Coordinates: 44°23′14″N 88°44′25″W / 44.38722°N 88.74028°WCoordinates: 44°23′14″N 88°44′25″W / 44.38722°N 88.74028°W
CountryUnited States
StateWisconsin
CountiesWaupaca, Outagamie
Area
 • Total5.78 sq mi (14.97 km2)
 • Land5.55 sq mi (14.37 km2)
 • Water0.23 sq mi (0.60 km2)
Elevation768 ft (234 m)
Population
 • Total7,295
 • Estimate 
(2016)[4]
7,170
 • Density1,314.4/sq mi (507.5/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
Area code(s)920
FIPS code55-56925[5]
GNIS feature ID1570226[2]
Websitewww.newlondonwi.org

History

For thousands of years, this area was occupied by successive indigenous cultures. Some were known as moundbuilders, constructing a reported 72 earthworks near what is now Taylor Lake in the county, including many effigy mounds. Their descendants included the Menominee, who lived here for thousands of years. In the Menominee language this place is known as Sakēmāēwataenoh, meaning "mosquito place", likely due to its riverside location.[9] The Menominee sold this land to the United States in the 1836 Treaty of the Cedars, which saw over four million acres of land in Wisconsin sold after years of negotiation about how to accommodate the Oneida, Stockbridge-Munsee, and Brothertown peoples who were being removed from New York to Wisconsin.[10]

Following the treaty which made the land available for purchase, New London was established by European-American settlers in 1852 and was named after New London, Connecticut by Reeder Smith, a founder whose father was from there. Reeder Smith built the plank road between Appleton and Stevens Point.[11] New London became a lumber center and the terminus of steamboats plying the Wolf River from Oshkosh.[12]

Geography

New London is located at 44°23′14″N 88°44′25″W / 44.38722°N 88.74028°W (44.387142, -88.740140).[13] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.78 square miles (14.97 km2), of which, 5.55 square miles (14.37 km2) is land and 0.23 square miles (0.60 km2) is water.[1] New London sits on both the Wolf and Embarrass Rivers, making it a destination for boaters and fishermen.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860468
18701,015116.9%
18801,80878.1%
18902,05013.4%
19002,74233.8%
19103,38323.4%
19204,66738.0%
19304,661−0.1%
19404,8253.5%
19504,9222.0%
19605,2887.4%
19705,8019.7%
19806,2107.1%
19906,6587.2%
20007,0856.4%
20107,2953.0%
Est. 20167,170[4]−1.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[14]

2010 census

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 7,295 people, 3,038 households, and 1,903 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,314.4 inhabitants per square mile (507.5/km2). There were 3,310 housing units at an average density of 596.4 per square mile (230.3/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 93.2% White, 0.2% African American, 0.7% Native American, 0.9% Asian, 3.8% from other races, and 1.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.9% of the population.

There were 3,038 households of which 32.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.0% were married couples living together, 11.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 37.4% were non-families. 32.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.95.

The median age in the city was 37.4 years. 25.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26.4% were from 25 to 44; 24.5% were from 45 to 64; and 15.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.4% male and 50.6% female.

2000 census

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 7,085 people, 2,894 households, and 1,843 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,265.5 people per square mile (488.5/km²). There were 3,045 housing units at an average density of 543.9 per square mile (209.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.64% White, 0.20% African American, 0.45% Native American, 0.51% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.28% from other races, and 0.90% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.46% of the population.

There were 2,894 households out of which 33.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.9% were married couples living together, 10.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.3% were non-families. 30.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the city, the population was spread out with 25.5% under the age of 18, 9.7% from 18 to 24, 30.2% from 25 to 44, 18.8% from 45 to 64, and 15.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $37,491, and the median income for a family was $49,028. Males had a median income of $34,481 versus $21,728 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,153. About 3.8% of families and 5.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.2% of those under age 18 and 6.5% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

US 45.svg
US 45 Northbound to Clintonville Southbound, to Oshkosh.
WIS 54.svg
WIS 54 travels east to Green Bay, and west to Waupaca.
WIS 15.svg
WIS 15 travels east to Appleton.

Culture

Museums

The New London Public Museum, which was founded in 1917, contains exhibits on local and natural history and Native American and world cultures.[15] Five historic buildings can be toured at the Heritage Historical Village, which includes a railroad museum.[16]

Performing arts

NewLondonWisconsinDowntown
Downtown New London

The Wolf River Theatrical Troupe produces plays and productions throughout various sites in New London including Crystal Falls and the New London High School.[17] A professional western stunt show called "Whips, Garters, and Guns Wild West Review" performed by movie stunt performers has its home in New London. Its performances are also held in other cities at fairs, festivals, rodeos, and business places each summer.[18]

Festivals and parades

NewDublin-leprechauns
"Leprechauns" kick off week-long festivities by renaming New London to New Dublin [1]

Each March, Wisconsin's largest St. Patrick's Day parade is held with an Irish Fest and sponsored by the Shamrock Club of New Dublin, as the town is renamed "New Dublin" for the week. Weeknight Irish festivities are also scheduled that include Irish entertainment, an Irish Ceili, Finnegan's wake, and Irish caroling. Corned beef and cabbage is served in local restaurants that week too.[19]

Early in August the New London Heritage Historical Society holds its annual "Heritage Days and Rail Fest" event with a buckskinners rendezvous encampment at New London’s Heritage Historical Village.[20] A September "Cheese and Sausage Fall Family Fest" is held downtown, and late in the year is the "Holiday of Wonder" festivity with a parade, children's crafts, a live nativity scene, and a "Santa Land".[21]

Recreation

WolfRiverNewLondonWisconsin
The Wolf River in downtown New London

Situated on both the Embarrass River and Wolf River, New London is a year-round fisherman's paradise with some of the earliest walleye fishing in the state.[22] New London is also a popular destination for river tubing, canoeing, and camping.[23] Tube and canoe rentals with a shuttle service are available on the scenic Little Wolf River four miles west of town.[24] The par-70 Shamrock Heights Golf and Supper Club has 18 holes of both traditional and links style.[25] Grand Cinema Theatres, located downtown on North Water Street, is another great stop in New London. The "Grand" auditorium, built in 1895 and completed in 1896, has offered services such as an opera house, community center, and, currently, a modern-day movie theatre.

Newton-Blackmour State Trail

The Newton Blackmour State Trail extends 24 miles from Seymour, WI to New London, WI. The trail is used for snowmobiles, snowshoing, and cross country skiing in winter and hiking, biking and horse back riding in summer. The name "Newton-Blackmour" is made up from the four incorporated communities on the trail.

Education

The School District of New London comprises 10 buildings: four elementary schools, one middle school/intermediate school, one high school, (New London High School), a transportation department building, a grounds department shop, and an administrative office.[26]

Emanuel Lutheran School is a Pre-K-8 grade school of the Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod in New London.[27][28]

Notable people

References

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-24. Retrieved 2012-11-18.
  2. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-18.
  4. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  5. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  6. ^ "City of New London Fiscal Year 2008 A Report to Our Citizens" (PDF). New London, Wisconsin. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-01-02. Retrieved 2014-01-01.
  7. ^ St. Patrick's Day Parade & Irish Fest - New London, WI USA
  8. ^ "About the Breed". www.americanwaterspanielclub.org. Retrieved 2019-01-22.
  9. ^ Hoffman, Mike. "Menominee Place Names in Wisconsin". Indian Country Wisconsin. Retrieved 2018-10-06.
  10. ^ "Menominee Treaties and Treaty Rights". Indian Country Wisconsin. Retrieved 2018-10-06.
  11. ^ Chicago and North Western Railway Company (1908). A History of the Origin of the Place Names Connected with the Chicago & North Western and Chicago, St. Paul, Minneapolis & Omaha Railways. p. 107.
  12. ^ Jennifer L. Herman, Wisconsin Encyclopedia, Federal Writers' Project of the Works Progress Administration, p. 430
  13. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  14. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  15. ^ "New London Public Museum". www.newlondonwi.org. Retrieved 2019-01-22.
  16. ^ "Heritage Historical Village / Railroad Museum - New London, WI". www.historicalvillage.org. Retrieved 2019-01-22.
  17. ^ "Summer Workshop, Wolf River Theatrical Troupe, New London, WI". www.facebook.com. Retrieved 2019-01-22.
  18. ^ Whips Garters and Guns Western Stunt Show
  19. ^ "St. Patrick's Day Parade & Irish Fest - New London, WI USA". Retrieved 2019-01-22.
  20. ^ "Heritage Days & Rail Fest - New London, Wisconsin". www.historicalvillage.org. Retrieved 2019-01-22.
  21. ^ Festivals - New London, Wisconsin
  22. ^ "Fishing / Boating - New London, Wisconsin". www.newlondontourism.com. Retrieved 2019-01-22.
  23. ^ "Tubing, Canoeing, & Kayaking - New London, Wisconsin". www.newlondontourism.com. Retrieved 2019-01-23.
  24. ^ Wolf River Trips and Campground > Tubing & Canoeing
  25. ^ "Shamrock Heights Golf & Supper Club". www.newlondongolf.com. Retrieved 2019-01-23.
  26. ^ "School District of New London: About". School District of New London. Retrieved 2009-07-06.
  27. ^ "Emanuel Lutheran School".
  28. ^ "About Our School".

External links

David E. Hutchison

David E. Hutchison (born July 26, 1943) is a former member of the Wisconsin State Assembly.

Dennis Sommers

Dennis James Sommers (born July 12, 1940) is an American former professional baseball catcher, manager and coach. A left-handed batter who threw right-handed, Sommers stood 6 feet 2 inches (1.88 m) tall and weighed 205 pounds (93 kg). He is the brother of Tom Sommers, a former minor league infielder and manager, and one-time player development director of the California Angels.

Dennis Sommers spent the first 18 years of his baseball career as a player and manager in the San Francisco Giants' farm system, peaking for two half seasons (1965–66) with the Tacoma Giants and Phoenix Giants of the Triple-A Pacific Coast League. Later in 1966, he began his managerial career as a midseason replacement for the Lexington Giants of the Class A Western Carolinas League. He handled San Francisco farm teams through 1975, ending as the team's Double-A skipper. His 1975 Lafayette Drillers were co-champions of the Texas League.

After spending the 1976 campaign as pilot of the Chicago Cubs' Midland Cubs TL affiliate, Sommers came to Major League Baseball for the first time as bullpen coach of the New York Mets in 1977–78, working for Joe Frazier and Joe Torre. When his contract was not renewed for 1979, Sommers moved to the Detroit Tigers' system as manager of the Montgomery Rebels of the Double-A Southern League.

Then, in 1980, Sommers returned to MLB as a coach for the Cleveland Indians (1980–85). He later coached for the San Diego Padres (1988–90) and the Giants (1993–94). In between those assignments, he served as a minor league instructor, scout, and front-office official. All told, Sommers coached in Major League Baseball for 13 seasons.

As a minor league player, Sommers batted .220 in 2,570 at-bats spread over ten seasons, while as a manager, his teams compiled a 781–815 record (.489) with one championship.

Edward Nordman

Edward "Ed" Nordman (October 24, 1864 – January 20, 1939) was an American politician and farmer.

Born in New London, Wisconsin, Nordman worked in construction and settled in Polar, Wisconsin. He taught school and farmed. He served as Langlade County, Wisconsin School Superintendent in 1888 and also served as superintendent of assessments. Nordman served on the Wisconsin Board of Agriculture from 1905 to 1910. Nordman was a strong supporter of Henry George's teachings. From 1913 to 1919, Nordman served in the Wisconsin State Assembly and was a Democrat. During his time in the Wisconsin Assembly, Nordman was one of four Democrats who refused to support the Wilcox Resolution condemning United States Senator Robert M. La Follette, Sr.'s attitude about World War I. Later in 1919, Nordman was a member of the Wisconsin State Council of Defense. In 1920, Nordman was appointed the first Wisconsin Agriculture Commissioner. In 1928, Nordman moved to La Feria, Texas where he operated a fruit farm. He died in La Feria, Texas in 1939.

F. Badger Ives

F. Badger Ives (November 21, 1858 – January 21, 1914) was an American businessman and politician.

Born in New London, Wisconsin, Ives moved to Oshkosh, Wisconsin in 1871. He went to Oshkosh Business College and Oshkosh Normal School (now University of Wisconsin–Oshkosh). He was in the grocery and fruit business. Between 1890 and 1894, Ives lived in Chicago, Illinois and worked in the fruit business. He also went to the University of Chicago Law School. In 1894, Ives returned to Oshkosh and started his own business. Ives served on the Oshkosh Common Council and was a Republican. In 1899, Ives served in the Wisconsin State Assembly. He died in Oshkosh, Wisconsin in 1914.

Frank Lewis Nason

Frank Lewis Nason (May 12, 1856 – September 12, 1928) was an American mining engineer, teacher, and writer.

He was born to Lewis Clark Nason and Maria Julia (Stickles) in New London, Wisconsin and attended Middlebury High School in Middlebury, Vermont. In 1877 he entered Amherst College in Massachusetts, graduating in June, 1882 with an A.B. degree. After two months at Yale Divinity School, he became an instructor, teaching mathematics at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in Troy, New York and geology at the nearby Troy Female Seminary. He spent part of 1885–6 at Johns Hopkins University, then received an A.M. from Amherst College in 1885, and on July 29 was married to Tholia Abigail Painter. The couple had two children: Stanley Lewis and Alexia Painter.From 1888 to 1891 he was the assistant state geologist of New Jersey state, then for Missouri until 1893. He became a manager at the Columbia Hydraulic Mining Company in British Columbia, Canada in 1895, then at the Mt. Wilson Gold and Silver Mining Company in Colorado starting in 1897. From 1901–03 he was a mining geologist at Derby Lead Mining Company and the Federal Lead Mining Company in Missouri. He then became a consulting mining engineer for the New Jersey Zinc Mining Company, and in 1907 for the Virginia-Carolina Chemical Company and for Witherbee, Sherman & Co. He remarried on December 11, 1909 to Madeline Elinor Reynolds. In 1910 he performed special work for the Standard Oil Company.He died as the consequence of an automobile accident in Glens Falls, New York. Nason was a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and the Geological Society of America. The mineral nasonite is named after him.

Gerrit T. Thorn

Gerrit Tunis Thorn (July 20, 1835 – February 3, 1900) was an American lawyer and politician.

Born in La Fayette, Onondaga County, New York, Thorn was educated in the La Fayette Public School and at Yates Polytechnic Institute. He studied law in Jamesville, New York and in Pennsylvania. In 1855, Thorn moved to Watertown, Wisconsin and studied law. In 1858 he was admitted to the Wisconsin bar, and he practiced law in Jefferson, Wisconsin. Thorn served in the 29th Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry Regiment in 1862 and had to resign in February 1863 because of ill health. Thorn was the editor of the newspaper Jefferson Banner. He also served as president of the village of Jefferson, Wisconsin. In 1867 and 1868, Thorn served in the Wisconsin State Senate and was a Democrat. In 1869, he moved to Fond du Lac, Wisconsin and continued to practice law. Thorn served in the Wisconsin State Assembly in 1871. Because of ill health, Thorn practiced law in Washington, D.C. in 1873. In 1874, Thorn moved to Appleton, Wisconsin. From 1878 to 1882, Thorn lived in Nebraska City, Nebraska. He also practiced law in Seattle and Olympia, Washington Territory. He returned to Wisconsin and settled in New London, Wisconsin. Thorn died in New London, Wisconsin.

Hannibal Dixon

Hannibal Dixon was a member of the Wisconsin State Assembly.

Hector H. Perry

Hector H. Perry was a politician in North Dakota.

Hillshire Farm

Hillshire Farm is a brand of meat products marketed and owned by Hillshire Brands. The company was founded in 1934, and was purchased by Sara Lee Corporation in 1971. Friedrich (Fritz) Bernegger, (February 2, 1904 – April 30, 1988) born in Austria, started the business at the facility in New London, Wisconsin.Hillshire Farm's primary products are smoked sausage and Polska kielbasa. The brand introduced smoked sausages to much of the general population of the U.S. as a supermarket food and a nationally advertised food. Hillshire Farm sausages are about two feet long and horseshoe-shaped.

Due to the popularity of the Hillshire Farms brand of meat products, the Sara Lee Corporation spun off into two companies the "Hillshire Brands" company and "Sara Lee" in 2012. In 2014, Tyson Foods bought the "Hillshire Brands Company" and remains the current owner of the brand.

Jack Voight

Jack C. Voight (born December 17, 1945) is a Wisconsin insurance agent and a former State Treasurer of Wisconsin. He is a member of the Republican Party.

Marcus Plant

Marcus L. Plant (November 10, 1911 - July 15, 1984) was an American law professor and athletic administrator.

Plant was born in New London, Wisconsin. He received his B.A. and M.A. degrees from Lawrence College in 1932 and 1934. e worked as a school teacher for two years before enrolling at the University of Michigan Law School. After graduating from law school in 1938, Plant worked as a lawyer in private practice in Milwaukee and New York, and also in the World War II-era Office of Price Administration.

After the war, Plant joined the faculty of the University of Michigan Law School where he served as a professor for 38 years until his death in 1984. Plant became a nationally recognized expert in the area of workers' compensation and employment rights, torts, the law of medical practice, and medical legal problems. In 1953, he published the book Cases on Torts, and in 1959 he co-authored the treatise The Law of Medicine. He also published a treatise on workers' compensation law. taught at the University of Michigan Law School from 1946-1984. From 1954-1978, Plant also served as the University of Michigan's faculty representative to the National Collegiate Athletic Association and the Big Ten Conference. He was the president of the NCAA from 1967-1969 and also served for many years on the NCAA policy-making committees. He was also a member of the U.S. Olympic Committee from 1969-1972. In 1982, Plant retired from active faculty status and became a professor emeritus. Plant died suddenly at his home in Ann Arbor, Michigan at age 72.

Mary Mullarkey

Mary Mullarkey is a former chief justice of the Colorado Supreme Court and the first female Supreme Court chief justice in the state of Colorado.

New London, Minnesota

New London is a city in Kandiyohi County, Minnesota, United States along the Middle Fork of the Crow River. The population was 1,251 at the 2010 census. Sibley State Park is nearby. It is named after New London, Wisconsin, chosen by Louis Larson because of the similarity he saw with his previous home there. It was incorporated April 8, 1889. The city was the temporary county seat of Kandiyohi County from 1867-1870.

New London High School (Wisconsin)

New London High School is a public 9-12 High School Located in New London, Wisconsin. Its enrollment was estimated at 767 students for the 2014-2015 school year. NLHS moved to its current location in 1999.

New London Township, Kandiyohi County, Minnesota

New London Township is a township in Kandiyohi County, Minnesota, United States. The population was 3,057 at the 2000 census.

New London Township was organized in 1866, and named after New London, Wisconsin.

Robert F. Morneau

Robert Fealey Morneau (born September 10, 1938) is a retired American prelate of the Roman Catholic Church who served as an auxiliary bishop of the Diocese of Green Bay.

Theodore Knapstein

Theodore Knapstein (November 12, 1848 – March 17, 1917) was an American brewer and politician.

Born in Prussia, Knapstein emigrated to the United States in 1855 and settled in the town of Greenville, Outagamie County, Wisconsin. Knapstein then moved to New London, Wisconsin and was a brewer. Knapstein served on the New London Village Board and the New London Common Council; Knapstein served as president of the New London Common Council. He also served as mayor of New London and was a Democrat. In 1889 and 1891, Knapstein served in the Wisconsin State Assembly. Knapstein died in New London, Wisconsin after being in poor health.

WGEE (FM)

WGEE (93.5 FM, "93.5 Duke FM") a classic country radio station owned and operated by Midwest Communications, licensed to New London, Wisconsin, and serving the Northeast Wisconsin area, including Appleton, Oshkosh, and Green Bay (the latter city aided by a repeater at 93.1 FM, W226BD), and is repeated on full-powered station WDKF (99.7 FM), which is licensed to Sturgeon Bay. WGEE's studios are located on Bellevue Street in Green Bay, while its main transmitter is located in Maine Township in Outagamie County, Wisconsin.

William H. Hatton

William H. Hatton (also Hatten) (August 24, 1856 – March 30, 1937) was an American lumberman and politician.

Born in New Lisbon, New York, Hatton moved with his family to Fond du Lac, Wisconsin. Hatten went to a business college in Oshkosh, Wisconsin. In 1892, Hatton helped started the Little Wolf River Lumber Company in Manawa, Wisconsin. The lumber company moved to New London, Wisconsin and Hatton bought control of the lumber company renaming the company: the Hatton Lumber Company. He was president of the Hatton Lumber Company and lived for the rest of his life in New London, Wisconsin. Hatton was also in the banking business. From 1899 to 1907, Hatton served in the Wisconsin State Senate and was a Republican. Hatton died of pneumonia in a hospital in New London, Wisconsin.

Municipalities and communities of Outagamie County, Wisconsin, United States
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Villages
Towns
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Unincorporated
communities
Indian reservation
Ghost towns/neighborhoods
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Municipalities and communities of Waupaca County, Wisconsin, United States
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