New Jersey Turnpike

The New Jersey Turnpike (NJTP), known colloquially as "the Turnpike",[5] is a toll road in New Jersey, maintained by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority (NJTA). With a total length of 122.40 miles (196.98 km), the turnpike's southern terminus is at the interchange with U.S. Route 130 (US 130) and Route 49, where the split of Interstate 295 (I-295) and US 40 occurs, near the border of Pennsville and Carneys Point townships in Salem County, one mile (1.6 km) east of the Delaware Memorial Bridge. Its northern terminus is at the George Washington Bridge in Fort Lee, Bergen County, though the original terminus was at US 46 in Ridgefield Park. Construction of the mainline from concept to completion took 23 months, from 1950 to 1952. It was officially opened to traffic in November 1951, between its southern terminus and exit 10.[6]

The turnpike is a major thoroughfare providing access to various localities in New Jersey, as well as Delaware, Pennsylvania, and New York.[7] According to the International Bridge, Tunnel and Turnpike Association, the turnpike is the nation's sixth-busiest toll road and is one of the most heavily traveled highways in the United States.[8]

The northern part of the mainline turnpike, along with the entirety of its extensions and spurs, is part of the Interstate Highway System, designated as I-95 between exit 6 and its northern end. South of exit 6, it has the unsigned Route 700 designation. There are two extensions and two spurs, including the Newark Bay Extension at exit 14, which carries I-78; the Pennsylvania Turnpike Extension (officially the Pearl Harbor Memorial Turnpike Extension) at exit 6 which carries I-95 off the mainline turnpike; and the Eastern Spur and the Western Spur at the turnpike's northernmost end.

The route is divided into four roadways between exit 6 and exit 14. The inner lanes are normally restricted to carrying only cars, with the outer lanes for cars, trucks, and buses. The turnpike has 12-foot-wide (3.7 m) lanes, 10-foot-wide (3.0 m) shoulders and 13 rest areas named after notable New Jersey residents. The Interstate Highway System took some of its design guidelines from those for the turnpike.[5] The turnpike is considered iconic in popular culture having been referenced in music, film, and television.

New Jersey Turnpike Shield

New Jersey Turnpike
Map of the New Jersey Turnpike mainline and spurs in green
Route information
Maintained by NJTA
Length122.40 mi[4][2] (196.98 km)
  • 11.03 mi (17.75 km)—Western Spur[1]
  • 6.55 mi (10.54 km)—Pennsylvania Extension[2]
  • 8.17 mi (13.1 km)—Newark Bay Extension[3]
Existed1951–present
Component
highways
Major junctions
South end I-295 / US 40 in Pennsville Township
 
North end I-95 / US 1-9 / US 46 in Fort Lee
Location
CountiesSalem, Gloucester, Camden, Burlington, Mercer, Middlesex, Union, Essex, Hudson, Bergen
Highway system
I-695Route 700I-895
I-95Route 100Route 101
I-295Route 300Route 303

Route description

Time-lapse video of a southbound trip on the New Jersey Turnpike
2018-07-16 10 40 30 View north along Interstate 95 (New Jersey Turnpike) just south of Exit 14-14C (Interstate 78, U.S. Route 1, U.S. Route 9, Newark Airport, Holland Tunnel) in Newark, Essex County, New Jersey
New Jersey Turnpike (I-95) northbound approaching the I-78/US 1–9 interchange in Newark
NewJerseyTurnpike
Detailed map of the Turnpike including interchange locations and other surface highways in New Jersey

The main road of the New Jersey Turnpike splits from I-295 in Carneys Point Township and runs along a north-northeast route to Ridgefield Park, where the road continues as I-95. It is designated Route 700, an unsigned route, from exit 1 (Delaware Memorial Bridge) to exit 6, and as I-95 from exit 6 (Mansfield Township) to exit 18 (SecaucusCarlstadt). The number of lanes ranges from four lanes south of exit 4 (Mount Laurel Township), six lanes between exit 4 and exit 6 (Mansfield Township), 12 lanes between exit 6 and exit 11 (Woodbridge Township), and 14 lanes between exit 11 and exit 14 (Newark).

Before the advent of the Interstate Highway System, the entire Turnpike was designated by the New Jersey Department of Transportation (NJDOT) as Route 700. The Pennsylvania Turnpike Extension was Route 700P, and the Newark Bay Extension was Route 700N. None of these state highway designations have been signed.

2014-05-07 16 27 05 View of the New Jersey Turnpike mainline from an airplane heading for Newark Airport-cropped
View south along the turnpike from a plane landing at Newark Airport

Beginning just south of exit 6, the turnpike splits into a "dual-dual" configuration similar to a local-express configuration. The outer lanes are open to all vehicles and the inner lanes are limited to cars only, unless signed otherwise because of unusual conditions. Specifically, starting in Mansfield Township (going north), the turnpike has a total of 12 lanes, six in each direction (3-3-3-3). From Woodbridge Township to Newark, High-occupancy vehicle lanes (HOV lanes) exist on the outer roadway (truck lanes), thereby making it seven lanes in each direction (4-3-3-4). The HOV lanes are in effect on weekdays, from 6:00 a.m. to 9:00 a.m. northbound, and 4:00 p.m.–7:00 p.m. southbound (at times, the NJTA might suspend the HOV restrictions entirely during peak hours in case of unusual conditions).[9]

North of exit 14, the turnpike splits into two spurs: the Eastern Spur (the original roadway) and the Western Spur (opened in 1970). Both are signed as I-95. The Western Spur is posted for through traffic on I-95 seeking I-280, the Meadowlands Sports Complex and the George Washington Bridge. Traffic seeking US 46, I-80, and the Lincoln Tunnel is routed via the Eastern Spur. NJDOT, which calls every class of highway "Route", calls the Western Spur "Route 95W". The NJTA refers to the complex series of roadways and ramps linking the car–truck lanes, the two spurs, as well as traffic heading to and from both exit 14 and the Newark Bay Extension as the "Southern Mixing Bowl".[10]

The tolled section of the turnpike terminates at exit 18, just to the south of the large Vince Lombardi Service Area. The original terminus of the turnpike was at the US 46 interchange (current exit 68), though the modern turnpike continues past the interchange with I-80 along a curved freeway, originally constructed by NJDOT, that loops slightly southward to meet the George Washington Bridge approaches. Exit numbers along this section follow I-95 mile markers (had the Somerset Freeway been built). The turnpike now officially ends at US 9W (exit 72), with the final approaches to the George Washington Bridge along I-95 maintained by the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey.[11]

Extensions

2017-10-02 12 09 37 View north along Interstate 95 (New Jersey Turnpike) at Exit 7A (Interstate 195, Trenton, Shore Points) in Robbinsville Township, Mercer County, New Jersey
New Jersey Turnpike northbound at I-195 exit in Robbinsville
See also: §§ Newark Bay Extension​ and Pearl Harbor Memorial Turnpike Extension (below)

The turnpike has two extensions; the first, the Newark Bay Extension, at 8.2 miles (13.2 km), opened in 1956,[12] and is part of I-78. It connects Newark with Lower Manhattan via the Holland Tunnel in Jersey City and intersects the mainline near Newark Liberty International Airport. This extension has three exits (exits 14A, 14B, and 14C), and due to its design (four lanes with a shoulderless Jersey barrier divider), has a 50-mile-per-hour (80 km/h) speed limit.

2016-05-12 12 35 38 View south along the New Jersey Turnpike Pennsylvania Extension (Interstate 95) from the Interstate 295 (Camden Freeway) overpass in Mansfield Township, Burlington County, New Jersey
View south along the Pearl Harbor Memorial Turnpike Extension (I-95)

The second extension, known as the Pearl Harbor Memorial Turnpike Extension (or Pennsylvania Turnpike Connector), carries I-95 off the mainline of the New Jersey Turnpike at exit 6 and connects to the Pennsylvania Turnpike via the Delaware River–Turnpike Toll Bridge. A six-mile-long (9.7 km), six-lane highway, it has an exit, designated as 6A, to US 130 near Florence. The extension was formerly designated as Route 700P, but was officially designated as I-95 after the Somerset Freeway was cancelled, and was signed as such when the first components of the Pennsylvania Turnpike/Interstate 95 Interchange Project were completed on September 22, 2018.[13]

A four-mile (6.4 km) stretch of I-95 north of US 46 came under NJTA jurisdiction in 1992, as NJDOT sold the road to balance the state budget. This section of the road travels past the interchange for I-80 and through a cut in the Hudson Palisades at GWB Plaza. This part of the turnpike is split into local and express lanes, as it approaches the George Washington Bridge.

A section of the turnpike and the surrounding land in Elizabeth and Newark has been called "the most dangerous two miles in America" by New Jersey Homeland Security officials due to the high volume of traffic and the density of potential terrorist targets in the surrounding area.[14]

Bridges

New York view from NJ turnpike
New York City from the New Jersey Turnpike

Several bridges are included as part of the New Jersey Turnpike.

The Basilone Memorial Bridge spans the Raritan River, connecting Edison in the north with New Brunswick in the south. The structure honors John Basilone, a Raritan, resident who is the only United States Marine to be honored with the Medal of Honor, the Navy Cross and the Purple Heart. He died at Iwo Jima in 1945.[15]

The Wallberg-Lovely Memorial Bridge is dedicated to Private Martin Wallberg from Westfield, and Private Luke Lovely from South Amboy, the first soldiers from New Jersey to die in World War I. Wallburg served with the Canadian Expeditionary Force and died on November 30, 1917, near Cambrai, France. Lovely served with the American forces and died 20 days later.[16] The bridge carries the turnpike over the Rahway River immediately north of exit 12.

The Newark Bay Bridge (officially the Vincent R. Casciano Memorial Bridge) is a steel cantilever bridge spanning Newark Bay and connecting Newark and Bayonne. Dubbed the "world's most expensive road" by The Jersey Journal, it was completed April 4, 1956, as part of the turnpike's Newark Bay Extension. Casciano was a state assemblyman and a lifetime resident of Bayonne.[17]

The Chaplain Washington Bridge honors Rev. John P. Washington who gave up his life jacket and died as the SS Dorchester sank on February 3, 1943,[18] and the Harry Laderman Bridge named after the first turnpike employee killed on the job,[19] are steel girder spans that carry the Turnpike's eastern and western spurs, respectively, over the Passaic River at Newark.

The Lewandowski Hackensack River Bridge carrying the Eastern Spur over the Hackensack River was named in honor of the three Lewandowski brothers, Army Private Alexander, Marine Sergeant Walter and Air Force Lieutenant William, who were killed in action during World War II within 18 months of each other.[19]

The Delaware River–Turnpike Toll Bridge is a continuous truss bridge spanning the Delaware River and connecting the Pearl Harbor Memorial Extension of the New Jersey Turnpike with the Pennsylvania Turnpike mainline.

Speed limits

The default speed limit is 65 miles per hour (105 km/h) between the southern terminus and milepost 97, and 55 miles per hour (89 km/h) from there to the northern terminus. The Newark Bay Extension carries a 50-mile-per-hour (80 km/h) limit. The turnpike has variable speed limit signs allowing for the limit to be lowered temporarily during unusual road conditions.[20]

Services

Rest areas

The New Jersey Turnpike is noted for naming its rest areas after notable deceased people who had a connection to New Jersey.[21]

Service areas, south to north
Service area Direction mi km Nearest exits Location Notes
Clara Barton Southbound 5.4 8.7 1, 2 Oldmans Township
John Fenwick Northbound 5.4 8.7 1, 2 Oldmans Township
Walt Whitman Southbound 30.2 48.6 3, 4 Cherry Hill
James Fenimore Cooper Northbound 39.4 63.4 4, 5 Mount Laurel
Richard Stockton Southbound 58.7 94.5 7, 7A Hamilton Township
Woodrow Wilson Northbound 58.7 94.5 7, 7A Hamilton Township
Molly Pitcher Southbound 71.7 115.4 8, 8A Cranbury
Joyce Kilmer Northbound 78.7 126.7 8A, 9 East Brunswick
Grover Cleveland Northbound 92.5 148.9 11, 12 Woodbridge Township
Thomas Edison Southbound 92.9 149.5 11, 12 Woodbridge Township
Alexander Hamilton Southbound 111.6 179.6 15X, 16E Secaucus Eastern spur only
Vince Lombardi Both 116.0 186.7 17, 68 Ridgefield Eastern and western spurs
Molly Pitcher Service Area; Main Restaurants
Molly Pitcher Service Area
John Fenwick Service Area
John Fenwick Service Area

Turnpike rest areas consist mostly of fast food restaurants. Each rest area also includes restrooms, water fountains, a Sunoco gas station with a small convenience store, with gas price signs posted about half a mile (0.8 km) before reaching the rest area, and a separate parking area for cars and trucks. Some have a dedicated bus parking area, Wi-Fi, and a gift shop as well.[22]

Before 1982, there was a service area on the northbound side named for Admiral William Halsey.[23] However, in 1982, exit 13A was created, which caused the obscuring of the rest area, as they both overlapped with each other. Anyone who wanted to get to the service area missed exiting at exit 13A, and (northbound) drivers who took that exit missed that service area. The service area closed permanently on June 4, 1994.[24] Today, it can be seen by motorists when exiting 13A from the northbound car lanes, where a temporary concrete barrier obstructs an open asphalt lot.[25]

Also, two service plazas were located on the Newark Bay Extension (one eastbound and one westbound) located west of exit 14B. These were closed in the early 1970s. The eastbound plaza was named for John Stevens, the westbound plaza for Peter Stuyvesant.[26]

In late March 2010, it was revealed that the state Transportation Commissioner was considering selling the naming rights of the rest areas to help address a budget shortfall.[27]

The Grover Cleveland Service Area in Woodbridge was temporarily closed because of storm damage from Hurricane Sandy, with only fuel available. It was rebuilt and fully reopened on November 23, 2015.[28][29] In 2015, the NJTA installed Tesla supercharging stations in the Molly Pitcher and Joyce Kilmer services areas to allow Tesla car owners to charge their vehicles. A proposal to offer charging stations for non-Tesla vehicles is also under consideration.[30]

On September 8, 2018, the Thomas Edison service area was closed for remodeling until May 2019.[31]

Emergency assistance

The New Jersey Turnpike Authority offers 12-foot-wide (3.7 m) shoulders wherever possible, and disabled vehicle service may be obtained by dialing #95 on a cellular phone.[20]

History

Precursors and planning

NJ 100 (1926)
NJ 300 (1926)

Route 100 and Route 300 were two state highways proposed in the 1930s by the New Jersey State Highway Department as precursors to the New Jersey Turnpike.

The road that is now the New Jersey Turnpike was first planned by the State Highway Department as two untolled freeways in 1938. Route 100 was the route from New Brunswick to the George Washington Bridge, plus a spur to the Holland Tunnel (now the Newark Bay Extension of the Turnpike). Route 300 was the southern part of the turnpike from the Delaware Memorial Bridge to New Brunswick. However, the State Highway Department did not have the funds to complete the two freeways, and very little of the road was built under its auspices.[32][33] Instead, in 1948, the New Jersey Turnpike Authority was created to build the road, and the two freeways were built as a single toll road.

Route S100 was a proposed spur of Route 100 in Elizabeth. It was never built, although Route 81 follows a similar alignment.

New Jersey Turnpike Construction 1951 LOC
Hackensack Run bridge under construction in 1951

According to a letter to the editor written by the daughter of Paul L. Troast, the first chairman of the New Jersey Turnpike Authority, Kathleen Troast Pitney:

Governor Driscoll appointed three men to the turnpike authority in the late 1940s—Maxwell Lester, George Smith and Paul Troast, my father, as chairman. They had no enabling legislation and no funding. They were able to open more than two-thirds of the road in 11 months, completing the whole (project) in less than two years ... When the commissioners broached the subject of landscaping the road ... the governor told them he wanted a road to take the interstate traffic ... off New Jersey's existing roads. Since 85 percent of the traffic at that time was estimated to be from out of state, why spend additional funds on landscaping?[34]

A brochure Interesting Facts about the New Jersey Turnpike, dating from soon after the road's opening, says that when the turnpike's bonds are paid off, "the law provides that the turnpike be turned over to the state for inclusion in the public highway system". Due to new construction, and the expectation that the turnpike pays for policing and maintenance, this has never come to pass.

Construction

The task of building the turnpike was not an easy one. One major problem was the construction in the city of Elizabeth, where either 450 homes or 32 businesses would be destroyed, depending on the chosen route. The engineers decided to go through the residential area, since they considered it the grittiest and the closest route to both Newark Airport and the Port Newark-Elizabeth Marine Terminal seaport.

NJ-TurnpikeSwamp
NJ Turnpike passes the swampy Meadowlands, near New York City

When construction finally got to Newark, there was the new challenge of deciding to build either over or under the Pulaski Skyway. If construction went above the skyway, the costs would be much higher. If they went under, the costs would be lower, but the roadway would be very close to the Passaic River, making it harder for ships to pass through. The turnpike was ultimately built to pass under.[35][36] As part of a 2005 seismic retrofit project, the NJTA lowered its roadway to increase vertical clearance and allow for full-width shoulders, which had been constrained by the location of the skyway supports.[37] Engineers replaced the bearings and lowered the bridge by four feet (1.2 m), without shutting down traffic. The work was carried out under a $35 million contract in 2004 by Koch Skanska of Carteret, New Jersey. The project's engineers were from a joint venture of Dewberry Goodking Inc. and HNTM Corp. Temporary towers supported the bridge while bearings were removed from the 150 piers and the concrete replaced on the pier tops. The lowering process for an 800-foot (240 m) section of the bridge was done over 56 increments, during five weeks of work.[38]

While continuing up to the New Jersey Meadowlands, the crossings were harder because of the fertile marsh land of silt and mud. Near the shallow mud, the mud was filled with crushed stone, and the roadway was built above the water table. In the deeper mud, caissons were sunk down to a firm stratum and filled with sand, then both the caissons and the surrounding areas were covered with blankets of sand. Gradually, the water was brought up, and drained into adjacent meadows. Then, construction of the two major bridges over the Passaic and Hackensack Rivers was completed. The bridges were built to give motorists a clear view of the New York City skyline, but with high retaining walls to create the illusion of not being on a river crossing.[39] The 6,955 ft (2,120 m) Passaic River (Chaplain Washington) Bridge cost $13.7 million to build; the 5,623 ft (1,714 m) Hackensack River Bridge cost $9.5 million.

YuvrajrNJTurnpikeSouthExit12
NJ Turnpike southbound just south of exit 13 in Linden, New Jersey

After the turnpike was built in 1952, the NJTA and the New York State Thruway Authority proposed a 13-mile (21 km) extension of the New Jersey Turnpike that would run from its end (at US 46 in Ridgefield Park at the time) up to West Nyack, New York, at I-87, on the New York State Thruway. The section through New Jersey was to be constructed and maintained by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority, while the section in New York was to be built and maintained by the New York Thruway Authority.

The purpose of this extension was to give motorists a "more direct bypass of the New York City area" to New England, by using the Tappan Zee Bridge. The extension was to parallel New York State Route 303 NY 303 and the present-day CSX River Line, and have limited interchanges. It was to have an interchange with the Palisades Interstate Parkway and at I-87 (New York State Thruway) in West Nyack. This project did not survive; by 1970, it became too expensive to buy right-of-way access, and community opposition was fierce. Therefore, the New Jersey Turnpike Authority and the New York State Thruway Authority cancelled the project.[39]

1950s–1980s

With the turnpike completed, traffic began to increase, which prompted the NJTA's first widening project. In 1955, the authority proposed two widening projects:

  • From four lanes to six lanes (three in each direction) between exit 4 in Mount Laurel Township and exit 10 in Woodbridge Township
  • From four lanes to an eight-lane, dual-dual setup (2-2-2-2, two express carriageways and two local carriageways in each direction) between exit 10 and exit 14 in Newark
New Jersey Turnpike Exit 11 Tollbooth at night, 1992
Approaching the exit 11 tollbooths at night in 1992, in the days before E-ZPass

In 1966, the Turnpike was widened between exit 10 and exit 14 under a new expansion plan. This abolished the express-local roadway plan and created the car and truck-buses lane configuration (3-3-3-3). This project also included closing the old exit 10 at Woodbridge and replacing it with a new exit 10 in Edison Township; exit 11 was also rebuilt to provide complete access to the Garden State Parkway. This dual-dual setup was widened south to exit 9 in East Brunswick Township in 1973, and again extended farther south in 1990 to exit 8A in Monroe Township.[39] The widening between exits 8A and 9 created some problems in the East Brunswick area in the late 1980s during the proposed widening from six to twelve lanes. Analysis of noise (Shadely, 1973) and air quality impacts were made in a lawsuit decided in New Jersey Superior Court. This case, in the early 1970s, was one of the early examples of environmental scientists playing a role in the design of a major highway in the US. The computer models allowed the court to understand the effects of roadway geometry, in this case width, vehicle speeds, proposed noise barriers, residential setback and pavement types. The outcome was a compromise that involved substantial mitigation of noise pollution and air pollution impacts.

2018-10-02 14 04 43 The entrance ramp to New Jersey State Route 700 (New Jersey Turnpike) from southbound New Jersey State Route 168 (Black Horse Pike) in Bellmawr, Camden County, New Jersey
Typical sign at non-freeway entrances to the turnpike

A series of roadway accidents occurred on the New Jersey Turnpike in the town of Kearny, on October 23 and 24, 1973. The first collision occurred at 11:20 p.m. EDT on the 23rd. Further accidents continued to occur until 2:45 a.m. the next day as cars plowed into the unseen accident ahead of them. Sixty-six vehicles were involved, and nine people died as a result. Thirty-nine suffered non-fatal injuries. The primary cause of the accident was related to a fire consisting of burning garbage, aggravated by foggy conditions.[40] This produced an area of extremely poor visibility.

In 1971, the NJTA proposed building the Alfred E. Driscoll Expressway. It was to start at the Garden State Parkway south of exit 80 in Dover Township (now Toms River) and end at the turnpike approximately three miles (4.8 km) north of exit 8A in South Brunswick. As a proposed part of the turnpike system, its seven interchanges would have included toll plazas except at the northern end of the turnpike. By 1972, the proposed road met fierce opposition from Ocean, Monmouth and Middlesex counties with quality of life being the main concern. The NJTA proceeded anyway and began selling bonds. But by December 1973, Governor-elect Brendan Byrne decided to stop the project altogether. Despite this, the authority continued with its plan. It was not until February 1977 that the authority abandoned its plan to build the road.[41] The rights-of-way were sold in 1979, shelving the project indefinitely.[42]

2000s

NJ GSPTP
Map of New Jersey Turnpike and Garden State Parkway

In January 2004, the authority opened the refurbished 18W toll gate in Carlstadt. The refurbishment included two E-ZPass Express Lanes in both directions. In July 2004, the New Jersey Turnpike Authority opened the new exit 1 toll gate in Carneys Point Township. The new 23-lane toll gate is near milepost 2.4. It features a glass-enclosed overhead walkway for toll collectors, including "a concrete lighthouse to serve as a 'gateway' to the state as well as to the turnpike".[39] The toll gate features five lanes heading north, 14 lanes heading south, and two E-ZPass Express Lanes in both directions.

In 2005, the authority opened exit 15X to allow access to the newly built Secaucus Junction train station.[43] The authority lowered the Eastern Spur (between mileposts 107.3 and 107.5 in Newark) in 2005. The lowered spur now consists of a minimum 15-foot (4.6 m) vertical clearance and a 12-foot (3.7 m) horizontal clearance on the shoulders underneath the Pulaski Skyway (US 1/9).[39]

In February 2006, the authority updated exit 8A in Monroe Township. The former exit ramp that allowed traffic onto Route 32 westbound, has been closed off. Instead, a new ramp leads to a traffic light at the intersection of the ramp and County Route 535 (CR 535) in South Brunswick Township. CR 535 was expanded between the new ramp intersection and Route 32. The authority planned to build Route 92, an east–west spur from US 1 and Ridge Road in the township of South Brunswick to the mainline of the turnpike at exit 8A in Monroe Township. This proposition was cancelled on December 1, 2006.[44]

Throughout the first decade of the 21st century, the NJTA made repairs to several bridge decks, including the bridge crossing the Rancocas Creek, which was resurfaced in 2007.[45]

The NJTA reconfigured exit 12 in the Borough of Carteret to reduce truck traffic. A new grade separated interchange-ramp was constructed from Roosevelt Avenue east and connects to the toll gate. In addition, the seven-lane toll gate was demolished and replaced with a new 17-lane one. This project was completed in April 2010, five to six months behind schedule.[46] The authority rebuilt exit 16W in the Borough of East Rutherford. Several new ramps were built, and old ones were destroyed. One major modification was destroying the old ramp from the tollgate to Route 3 west and having a new ramp swing around in the opposite direction and merge with Route 3 west, thereby completing the double trumpet-like interchange. This project was completed by March 2010.[47]

2010s

The NJTA began accepting E-ZPass on all toll lanes at all turnpike interchanges on March 5, 2011.[48] On April 28, 2011, attempts to privatize toll collection on the New Jersey Turnpike were thwarted as a deal between the New Jersey Turnpike Authority and two unions to reduce toll collector salaries was made instead.[49] The Authority reconstructed the Route 495 westbound overpass across the turnpike at exit 16E in Secaucus. This was finished in the middle of 2011.[50]

Safety improvements were made at exit 2 in Woolwich Township. The authority installed a traffic signal at the entrance to the Turnpike with US 322. In addition, the intersection was widened with turn lanes on all approaches. Construction was complete in late 2012.[51][52]

On March 31, 2014, the NJTA began the new lane control system on the eastbound lanes of the Newark Bay–Hudson County Extension. This system uses the shoulder as a travel lane between exit 14 to 14C.[53]

Widening between interchanges 6 and 9

New Jersey Turnpike widening Robbinsville
Construction of the new lanes as seen in Robbinsville Township in July 2012
New Jersey Turnpike widening Robbinsville Nov 2014
Completed 12-lane roadway from same point as above in November 2014
NJTP (I 95) IC 8 options
Three proposals for new exit 8 in East Windsor. Alternative 1 was chosen (with a few changes)

In November 2004, Governor Richard Codey advocated a plan to widen the turnpike by extending the dual-dual configuration 20.1 miles (32.3 km) south from exit 8A in Monroe Township to exit 6 in Mansfield Township. This was to be completed by 2014 when Pennsylvania was supposed to finish an interchange, that would connect its turnpike to the existing I-95 in Bristol Township, Pennsylvania. Finances were to be supplied by rerouting money from the planned Route 92 Turnpike extension.[54] As part of this project, the NJTA expanded the turnpike by changing the dual-dual configuration (from 2-3-3-2 to 3-3-3-3) between exit 9 in East Brunswick Township and exit 8A in Monroe Township. Minimal construction was needed since overpasses were already built with future expansion in mind. Only final preparation and paving of an outer lane in the outer roadways were required to accommodate the extra lane. New signage and lighting were installed as part of the widening project. It was thought that some transmission towers that ran near the turnpike would have to be reconfigured to make room for the newly constructed roadways. However, this idea was dismissed because it would have been cost prohibitive, and the towers, in fact, did not need to be relocated.[55] The widened turnpike features six lanes in each direction (3-3-3-3), double the previous capacity.[56][57] The following interchanges were upgraded with this widening project: exit 6 (Mansfield), exit 7 (Bordentown Township), exit 7A (Robbinsville), exit 8 (East Windsor), and exit 8A (Monroe).[58]

On July 2, 2009, a ceremonial groundbreaking took place near exit 8 to initiate the widening of the turnpike.[59] On January 28, 2014, the last two of the project's 31 construction contracts was awarded.[60] On May 17–18, 2014, the NJTA switched traffic from the inner roadway for the new outer roadway to do repairs and resurfacing of the inner roadway.[61] A total of six northbound lanes between exits 6 and 9 opened on October 26, 2014, while the southbound lanes opened a week later on November 3, 2014. The final cost reported to be $2.3 billion.[62][63] The project employed 1,000 workers a day, and at one point was the largest active road construction project in the Western Hemisphere.[64]

In late October 2015, the southbound inner roadway exit ramp at exit 7A was closed to make repairs to the overpass crossing over the truck lanes. Steel plates beneath the deck of the exit ramp overpass "were not built to specification" when it was originally constructed. The ramp was reopened in late November 2015.[65]

Project outline
Exit Interchange/Toll Gate Location Mile Ramp
Modifications
Expansion to toll gate Notes Start of Construction
6 Mansfield Township 50.9 Build two-lane high-speed ramps to/from inner and outer roadways No Southern end of "dual–dual" setup late 2009
7 Bordentown Township 53.7 Build single lane ramps to/from inner and outer roadways No mid-2009
6N & 6S Hamilton Township 57.8 Build single lane inner and outer roadway exit/entrance ramps Woodrow Wilson Service Area (6N) & Richard Stockton Service Area (6S) late 2009
7A Robbinsville Township 60.5 Build new ramps to inner and outer roadways Yes—add three more lanes to gate Two-lane ramps to be built to enter northbound lanes and exit southbound lanes and single lane ramps to enter southbound lanes and exit northbound lanes mid-2009
8 East Windsor Township 67.6 Build new interchange with single lane ramps to/from inner and outer roadways, and ramp to maintenance shed Yes—new 12-lane toll gate New exit 8 was constructed east of the Turnpike, connecting directly to the Hightstown Bypass and NJ 33 mid-2009
7S Cranbury Township 71.5 Build single-lane southbound ramps to/from inner & outer roadways Molly Pitcher Service Area on the southbound side early 2010
8A South Brunswick/Monroe Township 73.9 Build single-lane entrance ramp to southbound inner car lanes No early 2010

On January 1, 2007, the NJTA released its plan for exit 8 in East Windsor Township. The old interchange, located west of the turnpike, was demolished and replaced with a new one located to the east of the turnpike. The new interchange configuration opened in January 2013, featuring a new toll plaza consisting of 10 lanes, with direct access to the Route 133 (Hightstown Bypass) without going through any traffic lights, as well as to Route 33 by using a grade-separated interchange.[66] Construction of a realigned Milford Road, near the interchange, was open to traffic in October 2011.[67] Milford Road was converted into an overpass crossing over the new interchange 8 ramp. The junction with the realigned Milford Road, Route 33 and Monmouth Street was also modified.[68]

Other construction

New Jersey Turnpike Reduce Speed sign
An older variable-message sign displaying a warning. These signs have since been replaced.
2013-12-28 15 01 10 New variable message sign on northbound Interstate 95 (New Jersey Turnpike) just north of Exit 7A (Interstate 195, Trenton, Shore Points) in Robbinsville Township, Mercer County, New Jersey
A newer VMS displaying a warning about congestion ahead
2017-10-02 12 57 46 View north along Interstate 95 (New Jersey Turnpike) just south of Exit 7A (Interstate 195, Trenton, Shore Points) in Hamilton Township, Mercer County, New Jersey
View north along the New Jersey Turnpike in Hamilton Township, Mercer County. This was one of the southernmost I-95 signs on the mainline New Jersey Turnpike before the completion of I-95 in September 2018.

Due to traffic congestion outside exit 8A, the NJTA plans to improve Route 32 from its intersection at US 130 in South Brunswick to the exit 8A tollgate in Monroe Township. Named the "Interchange 8A to Route 130 Connection", plans and dates have yet to be determined.[69]

To reduce congestion, the NJTA has widened Route 18 and reconstructed all the associated ramps at exit 9 (except the ramp to Route 18 north) in East Brunswick Township. Construction began in late 2012 and was completed in the middle of 2016.[70][71][72][73]

The authority is planning a 1.1-mile (1.8 km) roadway and bridge, called the "Tremley Point Road Connector", from Industrial Highway in the Borough of Carteret to Tremley Point Road in the City of Linden. The purpose of this project is to increase truck access to the Tremley Point industrial area in Linden while moving trucks off local streets in residential neighborhoods. The authority chose this access road rather than a full interchange with Tremley Point Road from the turnpike mainline because of its proximity to both exits 12 and 13.[74] The estimated completion date of the connector has yet to be determined,[75] and as of August 2016, no construction contracts had been awarded.[76]

In conjunction with the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey's replacement of the Goethals Bridge, improvements are being studied at exit 13 in Elizabeth and Linden.[77]

The authority plans to improve exit 14A in Jersey City and connecting roads in Bayonne because the current interchange is in "poor condition" and suffers from chronic congestion. This is part of a bigger project that addresses future congestion along Route 440. Official groundbreaking occurred on March 11, 2015, with an expanded toll plaza and connector bridge targeted for completion in late 2018 with a $310 million budget.[78][79] The newly expanded exit 14A reopened in May 2018 ahead of its anticipated opening later in the year.[80]

All of the turnpike's original variable-message signs were replaced from 2010 to 2015, and many new signs were also added. The replacement signs, which feature full graphic color matrix technology, are more up-to-date and feature travel times to major routes when not otherwise in use.[81]

Tolls

New Jersey Turnpike ticket
A toll ticket received at exit 15W in 2008
New Jersey Turnpike toll gate
A New Jersey Turnpike Tollgate for exit 8A in Monroe Township

The New Jersey Turnpike is a closed-system toll road, using a system of long-distance tickets, obtained once by the motorist upon entering and surrendered upon exiting at toll gates. The toll fee depends on the distance traveled—longer distances result in higher tolls. As of 2012, the automobile toll from exit 1 to exit 18 is $13.85.[82] If the ticket is lost, the driver must pay the highest toll fee upon exiting. In September 2000, the Turnpike introduced E-ZPass electronic toll collection.[83] Discounts were available to all users of the E-ZPass system until 2002. Since then, the costly implementation of the E-ZPass system forced the NJTA to eliminate the discounts during peak hours and instead impose a $1 per month E-ZPass fee to their account holders. E-ZPass customers with NJ accounts still receive a discount during off-peak hours,[84] when the automobile toll from exit 1 to exit 18 is $10.40. Cash customers do not receive this discount.[85] Three toll plazas on the turnpike have Express E-ZPass lanes, allowing E-ZPass customers to travel through toll areas at highway speeds, thanks to the addition of E-ZPass sensors on an overhead gantry. These high-speed toll gates are located at the northern terminus of the road on the Western Spur, the southern terminus in Carneys Point, and on the Pennsylvania Turnpike Extension. At each location, traditional E-ZPass and cash lanes are also available. Every toll lane on the turnpike accepts E-ZPass.

When traveling from the north, drivers who exit from the southbound Western Spur onto the ramp for dedicated access to the Meadowlands Sports Complex pay no toll, but the NJTA counts cars electronically and is paid a fee for each vehicle by the New Jersey Sports and Exposition Authority.

The non-tolled I-295, which parallels the turnpike for much of its southern length, is often used as an alternate route for shunpiking by locals and through travelers alike; before the expansion of the exit 1 toll plaza, this route was promoted through signage and radio announcements from the New Jersey State Police as a bypass of summer congestion at the plaza.

Exit list

Mainline and Eastern Spur

CountyLocationmi[4][2]kmExitDestinationsNotes
SalemPennsville Township0.000.00 I-295 south / US 40 west (Delaware Memorial Bridge) – DelawareSouthern terminus of concurrency with I-295 / US 40
0.220.351A Route 49 east – Pennsville, SalemSigned as exit 1 southbound; western terminus of Route 49
1B US 130 north – Penns GroveNo southbound exit; southern terminus of US 130
Carneys Point Township0.721.16 I-295 north – Camden, TrentonNorthern terminus of concurrency with I-295;
northbound exit and southbound entrance
1.121.80 US 40 east – Atlantic City
Route 140 / CR 540 – Penns Grove, Deepwater
Northern terminus of concurrency with US 40
2.403.86Exit 1 Toll Plaza
GloucesterWoolwich Township12.8020.602 US 322 (CR 536) – Swedesboro, Glassboro
CamdenRunnemedeBellmawr
borough line
26.1042.003 Route 168 – Camden, Atlantic City Expressway
BurlingtonMount Laurel Township34.5055.524 Route 73 – Mount Laurel, Camden, Philadelphia
Westampton Township44.1070.975CR 541 – Burlington, Mount Holly
Mansfield Township48.7078.38Southern terminus of dual-roadway setup (inner roadway for cars, outer roadway for cars, trucks, and buses)
51.00–
51.60
82.08–
83.04
6 I-95 south (Pearl Harbor Extension) to I-276 west – Pennsylvania Turnpike, PhiladelphiaEastern terminus of Pearl Harbor Extension;
south end of I-95 overlap
Bordentown Township53.3085.787 US 206 – Bordentown, TrentonInterchange reconstructed in 1990[39]
MercerRobbinsville Township60.5097.377A I-195 – Trenton, Shore PointsInterchange modified 2013–2014
East Windsor Township67.50108.638 Route 33 / Route 133 – Hightstown, FreeholdInterchange reconstructed in 2013–2014
MiddlesexMonroe TownshipSouth Brunswick Township
township line
73.90118.938A Route 32 to US 130 – Jamesburg, Cranbury
East Brunswick Township83.40134.229 Route 18 (CR 527) to US 1 – New BrunswickInterchange modified in 2017.
Raritan River84.22135.54Basilone Memorial Bridge
Edison Township88.10141.7810 I-287 north / Route 440 north (CR 514) – Metuchen, Perth AmboySouthern terminus of I-287 and Route 440[a]
Woodbridge Township91.00146.4511 G.S. Parkway / US 9 – Woodbridge[a]
Carteret95.90154.3412CR 602 – Carteret, Rahway
UnionElizabeth99.40159.9713 I-278 – Elizabeth, Staten Island
101.60163.5113A Route 81 north – Elizabeth, Elizabeth Seaport, Newark Airport
EssexNewark104.70168.5014-14C I-78 (Newark Bay Extension) / US 1-9 – Newark Airport, Holland TunnelWestern terminus of the Newark Bay Extension
105.60169.95 N.J. Turnpike north (Western Spur) to I-280 / Route 3 – George Washington Bridge, Sports ComplexSouthern terminus of the Western Spur
106.90172.0415E US 1-9 – Newark, Jersey City
HudsonKearny108.50–
108.80
174.61–
175.10
15W I-280 west – Newark, KearnySouthbound exit and northbound entrance; eastern terminus of I-280
Secaucus110.80178.3215X Secaucus, Secaucus Junction, Park-Ride
112.30180.73Exits 16E / 18E Toll Plaza
112.70181.3717 Route 3 / Route 495 east – Lincoln Tunnel, SecaucusInterchange rebuilt in 1964;[86] signed as exit 16E northbound; western terminus of Route 495
BergenRidgefield Park117.20–
116.80
188.62–
187.97
N.J. Turnpike south (Western Spur) to Route 3 – Sports ComplexNorthern terminus of the Western Spur
117.20188.6268 US 46 – The Ridgefields, Palisades ParkRebuilt in 1971 in conjunction with exit 69;
exit number only signed southbound, no northbound access to Teaneck Road
117.80189.5868Challenger RoadNorthbound exit only
Southern end of express (upper) lanes and local (lower) lanes
Teaneck Township119.00191.5169 I-80 west to G.S. Parkway – Hackensack, PatersonExit number only signed southbound; eastern terminus of I-80
119.40192.1670CR 56 – Leonia, TeaneckSigned into exits 70A (Leonia) and 70B (Teaneck) northbound
Englewood120.90194.5771Broad Avenue – Leonia, EnglewoodNorthbound exit and southbound entrance
Fort Lee121.50–
121.80
195.54–
196.02
72A Route 4 west – ParamusSouthbound exit and northbound entrance; eastern terminus of Route 4
122.40196.9872 US 9W north to Palisades Parkway / Route 67 – Fort LeeSouthern terminus of US 9W
I-95 north / US 1-9 north / US 46 east (George Washington Bridge) to I-87 – New York CityContinuation beyond Fort Lee Interchange
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Pearl Harbor Memorial Turnpike Extension

See also: § Extensions (above)

The entire route is in Burlington County.

Locationmi[4][2]kmExitDestinationsNotes
Delaware River0.000.00 I-95 south / Penna Turnpike west to I-276 west – Philadelphia, HarrisburgContinuation into Pennsylvania at river's center
Delaware River–Turnpike Toll Bridge
Florence Township2.604.186A US 130 – Burlington, Bordentown, FlorenceExit number unsigned; tolled westbound entrance; upgraded in 1999.[86]
Toll Plaza
Mansfield Township6.5510.54 I-95 north / N.J. Turnpike – New York City, Camden, WilmingtonExit 6 on NJ Turnpike
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi
  •       Tolled

Newark Bay Extension

See also: § Extensions (above)
CountyLocationmi[4][2]kmExitDestinationsNotes
EssexNewark0.000.0014 I-78 west / US 1-9 / US 22 – Newark, Newark Airport, ClintonWestern terminus of concurrency with I-78
Exit 14 Toll Plaza
N.J. Turnpike / I-95Exit 14 on I-95 / Turnpike
HudsonJersey City3.505.6314A Route 440 – Bayonne, Bayonne BridgeInterchange reconstructed 2015–2018
5.508.8514BBayview Avenue – Jersey City, Liberty State Park
5.909.50Exit 14C Toll Plaza
14C I-78 east – Holland Tunnel, Liberty Science Center, Light Rail Park-RideEastern terminus of concurrency with I-78
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Western Spur

CountyLocationmi[4][2]kmExitDestinationsNotes
EssexNewark105.60169.95 I-95 south / N.J. Turnpike south to I-78 / US 1-9 / US 22Southern terminus of the Western Spur
106.90172.0415E US 1-9 – Newark, Jersey CitySouthbound exit and northbound entrance
HudsonKearny108.50–
108.80
174.61–
175.10
15W I-280 west – Newark, Kearny, The OrangesEastern terminus of I-280
BergenEast Rutherford112.70181.3716W Route 3 – Secaucus, Rutherford, Lincoln Tunnel, Meadowlands Sports Complex
Carlstadt113.80183.14Exit 18W Toll Plaza (George Washington Bridge)
Ridgefield Park117.20188.6269 I-80 west – Hackensack, PatersonNo exit number northbound
116.80187.97 I-95 north / N.J. Turnpike north to US 46 – Fort Lee, George Washington BridgeNorthern terminus of the Western Spur
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

In popular culture

  • One of the promotional taglines in the 1988 film Moving is "On the New Jersey Turnpike, no one can hear you scream."
  • In the 1999 film Being John Malkovich, characters are transported into the mind of actor John Malkovich and after 15 minutes are suddenly dropped in a ditch beside the New Jersey Turnpike.[87]
  • In "The State Dinner", a 1999 episode of The West Wing, Leo McGarry responds to a truckers union representative, after the latter uses inappropriate language, by saying "This is the White House, it's not the Jersey Turnpike."[88]
  • Much of the opening credits of The Sopranos consists of shots of or from the New Jersey Turnpike in the areas of exits 12, 13, 14-14C, and 15W.[89]
  • Bruce Springsteen's songs "State Trooper" and "Jungleland", describe someone driving the New Jersey Turnpike.[90]
  • Simon and Garfunkel's song "America" contains the lyric, "counting the cars on the New Jersey Turnpike".[7]
  • Chuck Berry's 1956 song "You Can't Catch Me" features the lyrics "New Jersey Turnpike in the / wee wee hours I was / rolling slowly 'cause of / drizzlin' showers."
  • The Dead Milkmen's 1986 album Eat Your Paisley contains the instrumental song "Vince Lombardi Service Center" as a bonus track on the CD.[91]
  • In Need for Speed: The Run, a racing event starts on the Newark Bay Extension on exit 14B just before going into Jersey City and Liberty State Park. That ends in the Holland Tunnel as the driver (who is the player of that game) is chased by the Police while driving into New York City.[92]
  • Cherry Hill-based Flying Fish Brewing makes the "Exit Series" of beers, which are named in honor of the exits of the Turnpike, with each beer intended to be reminiscent of the communities in or near where the relevant exit sits.[93]
  • The song "Where I Come From" by Country singer Alan Jackson begins with the lyrics "Well I was rollin' wheels and shiftin' gears 'round that Jersey Turnpike."
  • The character "Paulie Herman" from the TV series Saturday Night Live, played by Joe Piscopo, was known for a sketch from 1981 in which he says "Are you from Jersey? I'm from Jersey. What exit?", referring to exits on the New Jersey Turnpike and the Garden State Parkway.[94][95]

See also

  • Blank shield.svg U.S. Roads portal
  • Flag of New Jersey.svg New Jersey portal

Notes

  1. ^ a b Exit 10 was originally built to connect with the Garden State Parkway, while exit 11 was built to service US 9. Both interchanges opened on November 30, 1951, and were reconfigured to their current patterns by 1966.

References

  1. ^ New Jersey Department of Transportation. "Route 95W Straight Line Diagram" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Transportation. Archived (PDF) from the original on January 13, 2016. Retrieved March 25, 2016.
  2. ^ a b c d e f New Jersey Department of Transportation. "Route 95 Straight Line Diagram" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Transportation. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved March 25, 2016.
  3. ^ New Jersey Department of Transportation. "Route 78 Straight Line Diagram" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Transportation. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved March 25, 2016.
  4. ^ a b c d e New Jersey Department of Transportation. "Route 700 Straight Line Diagram" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Transportation. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved March 25, 2016.
  5. ^ a b South Brunswick Township. "1940s–1950s Moving and Building". South Brunswick Township. Archived from the original on March 16, 2012. Retrieved October 16, 2011.
  6. ^ Blackwell, Jon. "1949: Highway of dreams". The Trentonian. Archived from the original on October 15, 2011. Retrieved November 19, 2011.
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  29. ^ "Turnpike service area in Woodbridge reopens". MyCentralJersey.com. Associated Press. November 23, 2015. Retrieved November 23, 2015.
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  33. ^ "Route 100 under construction". New Jersey Department of Transportation. Retrieved September 22, 2009.
  34. ^ Troast Pitney, Kathleen (November 2, 2001). "Love/hate letters" (Letter to the Editor). The Star-Ledger. Newark, NJ. Archived from the original on March 3, 2016. Retrieved July 7, 2011.
  35. ^ Schwab, Armand, Jr. (January 20, 1952). "City Linked to Super-Highway". The New York Times. p. X17. Archived from the original on October 1, 2012. Retrieved September 25, 2010. (Subscription required (help)).
  36. ^ Hart, pp. 173–174.
  37. ^ American Council of Engineering Companies of New Jersey (March 6, 2006). "35th Annual Engineering Excellence Awards Dinner program" (PDF). American Council of Engineering Companies of New Jersey. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 4, 2009. Retrieved October 27, 2007.
  38. ^ Cho, Aileen (November 29, 2004). "Busy New Jersey Span Gets New Bearings, and Shorter Too". Engineering News-Record.
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  41. ^ Sullivan, Ronald (February 20, 1977). "Turnpike Drops Cross-State Road". The New York Times. p. 341. Archived from the original on February 3, 2014. Retrieved March 4, 2013. (Subscription required (help)).
  42. ^ Bennett, Don (January 22, 2011). "Driscoll Expressway ended up the Road to Nowhere". Lacey Patch. Archived from the original on April 25, 2012. Retrieved November 19, 2011.
  43. ^ Mansnerus, Laura (February 5, 2006). "A Billion-Dollar Bet". The New York Times. Archived from the original on March 30, 2016. Retrieved November 22, 2011.
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Further reading

  • Gillespie, Angus Kress; Rockland, Michael Aaron (1989). Looking for America on the New Jersey Turnpike. Rutgers University Press. ISBN 978-0-8135-1466-6.
  • Shadely, John (1973). Acoustical analysis of the New Jersey Turnpike widening project between Raritan and East Brunswick. Bolt, Beranek and Newman.

External links

Route map:

2011 USARL season

The 2011 USARL season was the inaugural season of the USA Rugby League (USARL). The league was formed in January 2011 as a breakaway competition from the American National Rugby League (AMNRL). The regular season kicked off on June 4 and ended on July 30; the Jacksonville Axemen won the minor premiership with the best regular season record. The first round of playoffs were played on August 13, 2011, with the New Haven Warriors and Philadelphia Fight winning the round. The league's Grand Final took place on August 27 between the Philadelphia Fight and the New Haven Warriors. Philadelphia won 28–26, receiving their first national championship.

Assata Shakur

Assata Olugbala Shakur (born JoAnne Deborah Byron; July 16, 1947, sometimes referred to by her married surname Chesimard) is a former member of the Black Liberation Army, who was convicted (under New Jersey's "aiding and abetting" statute) of the first-degree murder of State Trooper Werner Foerster during a shootout on the New Jersey Turnpike in 1973. Shakur was also the target of the FBI's COINTELPRO program, a counterintelligence program directed towards Black Liberation groups and activists. On November 2, 1979, she escaped from prison, and in 1984, she surfaced in Cuba, where she was granted political asylum.

Born in Flushing, Queens, she grew up in New York City and Wilmington, North Carolina. After she ran away from home several times, her aunt who would later act as one of her lawyers, took her in. She became involved in political activism at Borough of Manhattan Community College and City College of New York. After graduation, she began using the name Assata Shakur, and briefly joined the Black Panther Party. She then joined the Black Liberation Army, a loosely-knit offshoot of the Black Panthers which led an armed struggle against the US government through tactics such as robbing banks and killing police officers and drug dealers.

Between 1971 and 1973, she was charged with several crimes and was the subject of a multi-state manhunt. In May 1973, Shakur was arrested after being wounded in a shootout on the New Jersey Turnpike. Also involved in the shootout were New Jersey State Troopers Werner Foerster and James Harper and BLA members Sundiata Acoli and Zayd Malik Shakur. Harper was wounded; Zayd was killed; Foerster was killed by Acoli. Between 1973 and 1977, she was charged with murder, attempted murder, armed robbery, bank robbery, and kidnapping in relation to the shootout and six other incidents. She was acquitted on three of the charges and three were dismissed. In 1977, she was convicted of the murder of Foerster (under New Jersey law the prosecution did not need to prove that Shakur fired the shots that killed either Foerster or Zayd Shakur) and of seven other felonies related to the shootout, in a trial her supporters argue was unfair.

While serving a life sentence for murder she escaped from prison in 1979.

Shakur has lived in Cuba since 1984, despite US government efforts to have her returned. The FBI has added her to its list of most-wanted terrorists as Joanne Deborah Chesimard.

Cranbury Station, New Jersey

Cranbury Station is an unincorporated community located within Cranbury Township in Middlesex County, New Jersey, United States. The area immediately around the site of the former railroad station along the Camden and Amboy Railroad contains agricultural businesses and small homes. Hightstown-Cranbury Station Road is the main road through the settlement paralleling the railroad and Station Road, County Route 615 as a major road heading east and west through the area. Modern warehouses line Station Road and the nearby New Jersey Turnpike west of the station while large housing developments are located east of here in Monroe Township.

Delaware River–Turnpike Toll Bridge

The Delaware River–Turnpike Toll Bridge is a four-lane, steel, arch-shaped, continuous truss bridge crossing the Delaware River between Burlington Township, Burlington County, New Jersey and Bristol Township, Bucks County, Pennsylvania. As a part of Interstate 95, it is a major highway link between Philadelphia and New York City. The bridge also connects the Pennsylvania Turnpike's East-West Mainline with the main trunk of the New Jersey Turnpike, via the Pearl Harbor Memorial Turnpike Extension (formerly known as the Pennsylvania Extension). Tolls are collected only in the west/southbound direction via electronic toll collection.

Devils–Flyers rivalry

The Devils–Flyers rivalry is a rivalry between two teams in the NHL's Metropolitan Division. This rivalry has become quite intense in New Jersey itself, sometimes referred to as the "Battle of the Jersey Turnpike", with the northern part of the state being the Devils fanbase, while the southern part of the state is overwhelmingly Flyers fans due to South Jersey's close proximity to Philadelphia. The Flyers practice in Voorhees Township, New Jersey, and since their Stanley Cup days of 1974 and 1975, many members of the Cup teams (as well as other Flyers alumni) have lived in South Jersey.

From the time the conferences were realigned and renamed prior to the 1993–94 season until the next realignment at the end of the 2013–14 season, the two teams won the two highest numbers of division titles, the Devils 9, the Flyers 6. Together, the two teams' 15 division championships account for almost all of the 19 titles from the original Atlantic Division .

Elizabeth Center

The Elizabeth Center is a power center located off Exit 13A on the New Jersey Turnpike in Elizabeth, New Jersey. The location near the exit is incorporated into the center's logo, as El13Abeth Center. The first tenant, IKEA, opened in 1990. It is right next to the Jersey Gardens mall and also located in an Urban Enterprise Zone.

Grover C. Richman Jr.

Grover Cleveland Richman Jr. (October 1, 1911 – May 6, 1983) was an American lawyer who served as U.S. Attorney for the District of New Jersey from 1951 to 1953 and New Jersey Attorney General from 1954 to 1958.

Interstate 195 (New Jersey)

Interstate 195 (I-195) is an auxiliary route of the Interstate Highway System located in the U.S. state of New Jersey. Its western end is at I-295 and Route 29 just south of Trenton, New Jersey in Hamilton Township, Mercer County while its eastern end is at the Garden State Parkway, Route 34 and Route 138 in Wall Township, Monmouth County. I-195 is 34.17 miles (54.99 km) in length. The route is mostly a four-lane highway that runs through wooded areas in Central Jersey. It has an interchange with the New Jersey Turnpike (I-95) at Exit 7A in Robbinsville Township and serves as a main access road to Six Flags Great Adventure (which is off the CR 537 exit in Jackson Township) and the Jersey Shore. I-195 is occasionally referred to as the Central Jersey Expressway. On April 6, 1988, President Ronald Reagan signed H.R. 4263 naming Interstate 195 in New Jersey the James J. Howard Interstate Highway, in honor of the late James J. Howard.

The current I-195 was initially planned as a toll road called the Trenton-Asbury Park Expressway in the 1950s. In the 1960s, it became two proposed freeways Route 37 and Route 38 that were to cross the central part of the state. A compromise was reached for a single freeway between Trenton and Belmar which would get Interstate Highway funding as I-195. It was built in several stages during the 1970s and 1980s. There once existed a plan to extend the I-195 designation west to the new interchange between the Pennsylvania Turnpike (I-276) and I-95 in Bristol Township, Pennsylvania, but it was decided to extend the I-295 designation west and south, along existing I-95 instead.

Interstate 280 (New Jersey)

Interstate 280 (I-280) is a 17.85-mile (28.73 km) Interstate Highway in the U.S. state of New Jersey. It provides a spur from I-80 in Parsippany-Troy Hills, Morris County to Newark, and I-95 (the New Jersey Turnpike) in Kearny, Hudson County. In Kearny, access is provided toward the Holland Tunnel and Lincoln Tunnel to New York City. The western part of the route runs through suburban areas of Morris and Essex counties, crossing the Watchung Mountains. Upon reaching The Oranges, the setting becomes more urbanized and I-280 runs along a depressed alignment before ascending again in Newark. I-280 includes a lift bridge, the William A. Stickel Memorial Bridge over the Passaic River between Newark and Harrison. The highway is sometimes called the Essex Freeway. I-280 interchanges with several roads, including the Garden State Parkway in East Orange and Route 21 in Newark.

A part of present-day I-280 in Newark west of the Stickel Bridge was legislated as Route 25A in 1939, a spur of Route 25 (U.S. Route 1/9) that was to run from Jersey City west to Newark. This portion of road would become Route 58 in 1953 (the Route 58 designation was removed in the 1990s). When the Interstate Highway System was being planned, the Route 3 freeway was planned to become an Interstate. The New Jersey State Highway Department favored the Essex Freeway instead between I-80 in Parsippany-Troy Hills to I-95 in Kearny. The latter would become the Interstate and be designated I-280. This road was built in the 1960s and completed west from Newark in 1973. The portion east of Newark to the New Jersey Turnpike opened in 1980. I-280 was once planned to continue east to I-78 near the Holland Tunnel but never was extended east of the New Jersey Turnpike. In the 2000s, the Stickel Bridge was reconstructed after the original structure was determined to be structurally deficient. Interstate 280 is one of two 3 digit interstate designations to appear on opposite coasts. Interstate 110 in California and Florida is the other one.

Interstate 78 in New Jersey

Interstate 78 (I-78) is an east–west route stretching from Union Township, Lebanon County, Pennsylvania to New York City. In New Jersey, I-78 is called the Phillipsburg–Newark Expressway and the Newark Bay Extension of the New Jersey Turnpike. The highway runs for 67.83 miles (109.16 km) in the northern part of the state of New Jersey from the Interstate 78 Toll Bridge over the Delaware River at the Pennsylvania state line in Phillipsburg, Warren County east to the Holland Tunnel under the Hudson River at the New York state line in Jersey City, Hudson County. The Phillipsburg-Newark Expressway portion of I-78, formally called the Lightning Division Memorial Highway, runs from the Phillipsburg area east across rural areas of western New Jersey before entering suburban areas in Somerset County. The road crosses the Watchung Mountains, widening into a local-express lane configuration at Route 24 as it continues through urban areas to Newark. Here, I-78 intersects the mainline of the New Jersey Turnpike (I-95) and becomes the Newark Bay Extension, crossing the Newark Bay Bridge and continuing to Jersey City. The route, along with Route 139, follows a one-way pair of surface streets to the Holland Tunnel.

In 1927, Route 11 was legislated as a high-speed bypass of U.S. Route 22 (US 22) between Whitehouse and Warrenville; but was never built. The earliest parts of I-78 to be built were the Holland Tunnel in 1927 and the Newark Bay Extension. With the creation of the Interstate Highway System in the 1950s, a highway was planned along US 22 through northern New Jersey, becoming I-78 in 1958. The highway between Phillipsburg and Newark was built in various stages from the 1960s to 1989, with the final segment opening at the Interstate 78 Toll Bridge. The section of highway through the Watchung Mountains and across Newark garnered opposition from environmentalists and residents who were worried about the effects of the highway. In addition, there was opposition to building I-78 through Phillipsburg, which resulted in the alignment to the south of the Lehigh Valley. In the 2000s, I-78 was completely rebuilt between Route 24 and the Garden State Parkway. In addition, missing movements between the Garden State Parkway and I-78 were completed in 2010.

Interstate 95 in New Jersey

Interstate 95 (I-95) is a major Interstate Highway that traverses nearly the full extent of the East Coast of the United States, from Florida to Maine. In New Jersey, it runs along much of the main line of the New Jersey Turnpike (exit 6 to exit 18), as well as the Pearl Harbor Memorial Extension (formerly and still commonly known as the Pennsylvania Turnpike Connector; from exit 6 to the Delaware River–Turnpike Toll Bridge) and the New Jersey Turnpike's northern continuation (from exit 18) to the George Washington Bridge, also maintained by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority, for a total of 77.96 mi (125.46 km). Located in the northeastern part of the state near New York City, the 11.03-mile (17.75 km) Western Spur of the New Jersey Turnpike, considered to be Route 95W by the New Jersey Department of Transportation, is also part of I-95.

I-95 enters the state from Pennsylvania on the Delaware River–Turnpike Toll Bridge, following the length of the Pearl Harbor Memorial Extension to exit 6 on the mainline New Jersey Turnpike, continuing north along the remainder of the latter road to the George Washington Bridge, on which it enters New York.

Until 2018, I-95 had been discontinuous within New Jersey. From Pennsylvania, I-95 entered New Jersey on the Scudder Falls Bridge and ended at the U.S. Route 1 (US 1) interchange, where the freeway then turned south as I-295. From New York, I-95 continued from the George Washington Bridge southward along the New Jersey Turnpike and west over the Pearl Harbor Memorial Extension to end at the Pennsylvania state line. This discontinuity was caused by the 1983 cancellation of the Somerset Freeway, which would have connected the former Trenton segment of I-95 in Hopewell Township northeast to I-287 in Piscataway Township. From here, I-95 would have followed present-day I-287 to New Jersey Turnpike interchange 10 in Edison.

In order to fill the gap, the Pennsylvania Turnpike/Interstate 95 Interchange Project saw the construction of an interchange between the Pennsylvania Turnpike and I-95 in Bristol Township, Pennsylvania, with I-95 being rerouted to use the Pennsylvania Turnpike to the Delaware River–Turnpike Toll Bridge. By March 2018, the former I-95 around the north side of Trenton to just across the Scudder Falls Bridge in Pennsylvania became an extension of I-295, with I-295 extended to the interchange by July of the same year. On September 22, 2018, the ramps connecting I-95 and the Pennsylvania Turnpike opened, allowing a direct freeway route from Philadelphia to New York City and finally completing I-95 as a whole.

New Jersey Route 495

Route 495 is a 3.45-mile-long (5.55 km) freeway in Hudson County, New Jersey, in the United States that connects the New Jersey Turnpike (Interstate 95, I-95) at exits 16E and 17 in Secaucus to New York State Route 495 (NY 495) inside the Lincoln Tunnel in Weehawken, providing access to Midtown Manhattan. The road is owned and operated by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority (NJTA) between the New Jersey Turnpike and Route 3, the New Jersey Department of Transportation (NJDOT) between Route 3 and Park Avenue near the Union City–Weehawken border, and by the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey (PANYNJ) east of Park Avenue, including the helix used to descend the New Jersey Palisades to reach the entrance of the Lincoln Tunnel. Route 495 is mostly a six-lane freeway with a reversible bus lane used during the morning rush hour. The bus lane, which runs the entire length of the freeway, continues into the Lincoln Tunnel's center tube.

The first portion of the present-day Route 495, at the entrance to the Lincoln Tunnel, was constructed in 1937 when the Lincoln Tunnel opened. In 1939, it was extended west to Route 3 and it became an eastern extension of that route. In 1952, the portion of the route west of Route 3 was opened when the New Jersey Turnpike was completed. In 1959, the road was incorporated into the Interstate Highway System and was designated as part of Interstate 495 (I-495). Since the Mid-Manhattan Expressway that would have connected the route to New York's I-495 (Long Island Expressway) was canceled, I-495 officially became New Jersey Route 495 in 1979, and the signs were changed in 1989.

New Jersey State Police

The New Jersey State Police (NJSP), is the official state police force of the U.S. state of New Jersey. It is a general-powers police agency with statewide jurisdiction, designated by Troop Sectors.

New Jersey Turnpike Authority

The New Jersey Turnpike Authority (NJTA) is a state agency responsible for maintaining the New Jersey Turnpike and the Garden State Parkway. The agency is headquartered in Woodbridge Township, New Jersey.

The New Jersey Turnpike Authority oversees maintenance on the New Jersey Turnpike and the Garden State Parkway, which are two important roads for moving traffic across New Jersey.

Newark Airport Interchange

The Newark Airport Interchange is a massive interchange of Interstate 78, U.S. Route 1-9, U.S. Route 22, New Jersey Route 21, and Interstate 95 (the New Jersey Turnpike) at the northern edge of Newark Liberty International Airport in Newark, New Jersey.

Suburban Transit

Suburban Transit is a bus operator in central New Jersey owned by Coach USA which provides commuter bus service from Mercer, Somerset, and Middlesex County to New York City and local bus service along the New Jersey Route 27 and U.S. Route 130 in Middlesex County.

Thomas Margro

Thomas E. "Tom" Margro is a mass transportation specialist best known for being the longest-serving General Manager for the San Francisco Bay Area Rapid Transit district (serving from 1996 to 2007). He also served as CEO of the Transportation Corridor Agencies from 2007 to 2012.

Troy Singleton

Troy Singleton (born June 30, 1973) is an American Democratic Party politician who has served in the New Jersey Senate, representing the 7th Legislative District since 2018. He previously served in the New Jersey General Assembly from 2011 to 2018.

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