New Caledonia wattled bat

New Caledonia wattled bat (Chalinolobus neocaledonicus) is a species of vesper bat (family Vespertilionidae) in the genus Chalinolobus. It is found only in New Caledonia.

New Caledonia wattled bat
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Chiroptera
Family: Vespertilionidae
Genus: Chalinolobus
Species:
C. neocaledonicus
Binomial name
Chalinolobus neocaledonicus
Revilliod, 1914
Synonyms
  • Chalinolobus gouldii neocaledonicus Revilliod, 1914

Taxonomy

The New Caledonia wattled bat was first described by Swiss naturalist Pierre Revilliod in 1914. It is commonly considered a subspecies of Chalinolobus gouldii, but evidence for synonymy is weak.[2] Its species name "neocaledonicus" comes from Ancient Greek néos meaning "new" and the New Latin rendering of "Caledonia," caledonicus; the species name refers to New Caledonia where this species is found.[3]

Description

It is a small species of bat, with a head and body length of only 50.5 mm (1.99 in). Its forearm is 35.3 mm (1.39 in) long, and its tail is 33 mm (1.3 in) long. Its ears are relatively long, at 12 mm (0.47 in)[3] Its dental formula is 2.1.2.33.1.2.3, for a total of 32 teeth.[4]

Range and habitat

It is one of nine species of bat found in New Caledonia. It is among the three species of bat endemic to the territory.[4]

Conservation

It is considered endangered by the IUCN. It meets the criteria for this assessment because its area of occupancy is less than 500 km2 (190 sq mi), there are fewer than six known localities of occurrence, and its habitat is declining in quality and extent.[1]

Sources

  1. ^ a b Brescia, F. (2008). "Chalinolobus neocaledonicus". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2008: e.T4420A10868334. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2008.RLTS.T4420A10868334.en. Retrieved 8 November 2017.
  2. ^ Don E. Wilson, DeeAnn M. Reeder, ed. (2005). Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference. 2. JHU Press. p. 484. ISBN 9780801882210.
  3. ^ a b Revilliod, P. (1914). "Les mammifères de la Nouvelle-Caledonie et des Îles Loyalty". Nova Caledonia. Forschungen in Neu-Caledonien und auf den Loyalty-Inseln. 1: 355–357.
  4. ^ a b Hand, Suzanne J; Grant-Mackie, Jack A (2011). "Late-Holocene bats of Mé Auré Cave, New Caledonia: Evidence of human consumption and a new species record from the recent past". The Holocene. 22: 79. doi:10.1177/0959683611409783.
Anchieta's pipistrelle

Anchieta's pipistrelle (Pipistrellus anchietae) is a species of vesper bat.

It is found in Angola, Democratic Republic of the Congo, South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe and Madagascar.

The species inhabits dry savanna and moist savanna habitats.

Arielulus

Arielulus is a genus of vesper bats with the following species, sometimes in Pipistrellus:

Genus Arielulus

Collared pipistrelle (A. aureocollaris)

Black-gilded pipistrelle (A. circumdatus)

Coppery pipistrelle (A. cuprosus)

Social pipistrelle (A. societatis)

Necklace pipistrelle (A. torquatus)

Barbastella

Barbastella is a small genus of vespertilionid bats. There are five described species in this genus.

Brazilian brown bat

The Brazilian brown bat (Eptesicus brasiliensis), is a bat species from South and Central America.

Chalinolobus

Chalinolobus is a genus of bats, commonly known as pied, wattled, or long-tailed bats. They have fleshy lobes at the bottom edge of their ears and on their lower lips. The bats otherwise classified in the genus Glauconycteris are included in Chalinolobus by some zoologists.

Desert pipistrelle

The desert pipistrelle (Hypsugo ariel) is a species of vesper bat in the genus Hypsugo. It is found in Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, and Yemen. Some of the Arabian populations were previously regarded as a separate species, Hypsugo bodenheimeri, but the proposed differences between the two do not hold. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry shrubland, rocky areas, and hot deserts.

Glauconycteris

Glauconycteris is a genus of vespertilionid bats in Africa.

Laephotis

Laephotis is a genus of bats in the family Vespertilionidae. Species within this genus are:

Angolan long-eared bat (Laephotis angolensis)

Botswanan long-eared bat (Laephotis botswanae)

Namib long-eared bat (Laephotis namibensis)

De Winton's long-eared bat (Laephotis wintoni)

Long-toothed pipistrelle

The long-toothed pipistrelle (Hypsugo dolichodon) is a species of bat of the genus Hypsugo. It is a small bat, with a length of 35.2–38.4 mm (1.38–1.51 in) of forearm, and 5.9–7 mm (0.23–0.27 in) of foot. It feeds on insects and has especially long canines compared to others of its genus.

Moloney's mimic bat

Moloney's mimic bat (Mimetillus moloneyi) is a species of vesper bat. It can be found in Angola, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ivory Coast, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Liberia, Mozambique, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, South Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, and Zambia. It is found in subtropical or tropical dry or moist forests, subtropical or tropical mangrove forests, subtropical or tropical moist montane forests, dry and moist savanna.

Neoromicia

Neoromicia is a genus of vesper bat in the family Vespertilionidae.

It contains the following species:

Dark-brown serotine (Neoromicia brunneus)

Cape serotine (Neoromicia capensis)

Yellow serotine (Neoromicia flavescens)

Neoromicia grandidieri

Tiny serotine (Neoromicia guineensis)

Heller's pipistrelle (Neoromicia helios)

Isabelline white-winged serotine (Neoromicia isabella)

Isalo serotine (Neoromicia malagasyensis)

Malagasy serotine (Neoromicia matroka)

Melck's house bat (Neoromicia melckorum)

Banana pipistrelle (Neoromicia nana)

Rendall's serotine (Neoromicia rendalli)

Rosevear's serotine (Neoromicia roseveari)

Neoromicia robertsi

Somali serotine (Neoromicia somalicus)

Neoromicia stanleyi

White-winged serotine (Neoromicia tenuipinnis)

Aloe serotine (Neoromicia zuluensis)

Nyctalus

Nyctalus is a genus of vespertilionid bats commonly known as the noctule bats. They are distributed in the temperate and subtropical areas of Europe, Asia and North Africa.

There are eight species within this genus:

Birdlike noctule, Nyctalus aviator

Azores noctule, Nyctalus azoreum

Japanese noctule, Nyctalus furvus

Greater noctule bat, Nyctalus lasiopterus

Lesser noctule, Nyctalus leisleri

Mountain noctule, Nyctalus montanus

Common noctule, Nyctalus noctula

Chinese noctule, Nyctalus plancyi

Plecotus

The genus Plecotus consists of the long-eared bats. Many species in the genus have only been described and recognized in recent years.

Scotoecus

Scotoecus is a genus of bats in the family Vespertilionidae.

Scotophilus tandrefana

The western yellow bat (Scotophilus tandrefana) is a species of vesper bat endemic to Madagascar.

Silvered bat

The silvered bat (Glauconycteris argentata) is a species of vesper bat in the family Vespertilionidae.

It is found in Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Kenya, Malawi, Rwanda, and Tanzania.

Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and moist savanna.

Somali serotine

The Somali serotine (Neoromicia somalica) is a species of vesper bat.

It is found in Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ivory Coast, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Liberia, Malawi, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, and Zimbabwe.

Its natural habitats are dry savanna and moist savanna.

Strange big-eared brown bat

The strange big-eared brown bat (Histiotus alienus), is a bat species from South America. It is found in Brazil.

Tiny pipistrelle

The tiny pipistrelle (Pipistrellus nanulus) is a species of vesper bat. It can be found in Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ivory Coast, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Liberia, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, and Uganda. It is found in subtropical or tropical dry forest, subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest, and moist savanna.

Species of subfamily Vespertilioninae
Aeorestes
Antrozous
Arielulus
Barbastella
Bauerus
Chalinolobus
Corynorhinus
Dasypterus
Eptesicus
Euderma
Eudiscopus
Falsistrellus
Glauconycteris
Glischropus
Hesperoptenus
Histiotus
Hypsugo
Ia
Idionycteris
Laephotis
Lasionycteris
Lasiurus
Mimetillus
Neoromicia
Niumbaha
Nyctalus
Nycticeinops
Nycticeius
Nyctophilus
Otonycteris
Parastrellus
Perimyotis
Pharotis
Philetor
Pipistrellus
Plecotus
Rhogeessa
Scoteanax
Scotoecus
Scotomanes
Scotophilus
Scotorepens
Scotozous
Tylonycteris
Vespadelus
Vespertilio

Languages

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.