New Aspiration Party

The New Aspiration Party (Phak Khwam Wang Mai Thai: พรรคความหวังใหม่) is a political party in Thailand. The party was established in 1990 by General Chavalit Yongchaiyudh after his retirement as Commander-In-Chief of the Royal Thai Army.[2] This party won the elections of 1996 and formed a coalition government with Chavalit as Prime Minister. The onset of the Asian Financial Crisis in 1997 diminished the electorate's confidence in the government, and Chavalit was forced to resign.

Discredited as a result of the economic crisis, Chavalit formed a coalition with the populist Thai Rak Thai Party led by Thaksin Shinawatra to take part in the 2001 elections. Shortly after the election, the majority of the New Aspiration Party merged with Thai Rak Thai and Chavalit became the Deputy Prime Minister in Thaksin's cabinet.

After the election in 2001,Thaksin Shinawatra the leader of Thai Rak Thai Party, became prime minister. New Hope Party has joined the government. Shortly thereafter. The new Hope Party was merged with the Thai Rak Thai Party. Mostly to join Thai Rak Thai party (the governing party) with Gen. Chavalit Yongchaiyudh except Lieutenant Colonel Thita Rangsitpol Manitkul,WRTA Member of the Parliament and Deputy Secretary of the party. Offset to the Democrats. (Opposition Party) remains the only MPs moving from the opposition party government. During her tenure as a member of the House of Representatives.[3]

However, some party members around ex-minister Chingchai Mongcoltam, decided to continue the party. In the legislative elections on July 3, 2011, the party won 0.08% of the popular vote and no seats in the House of Representatives.

New Aspiration Party

พรรคความหวังใหม่
LeaderChavalit Yongchaiyudh (1990-2002)
Chingchai Mongcoltam (since 2002)
Secretary-GeneralJuluek Boonchai
Founded11 October 1990
HeadquartersLat Phrao, Bangkok, Thailand
IdeologyPopulism[1]
Website
http://www.nap.or.th

References

  1. ^ Ockey, James (November 2005), "Variations on a Theme: Societal Cleavages and Party Orientations Through Multiple Transitions in Thailand", Party Politics, 11 (6): 728–747, doi:10.1177/1354068805057607, Other leading contenders included New Aspiration, another populist party,...
  2. ^ Hewison, Kevin (1997). Political change in Thailand. Routledge. p. 127. ISBN 0-415-14795-6.
  3. ^ https://thailandtwilight.wordpress.com/2009/01/07/%E0%B8%A5%E0%B8%B2%E0%B8%81%E0%B9%84%E0%B8%AA%E0%B9%89-%E0%B8%9E%E0%B8%B1%E0%B8%99%E0%B8%98%E0%B8%A1%E0%B8%B2%E0%B8%A3-%E0%B8%9C%E0%B8%A5%E0%B8%B2%E0%B8%8D%E0%B9%81%E0%B8%9C%E0%B9%88%E0%B8%99-45/
1996 Thai general election

General elections were held in Thailand on 17 November 1996. The result was a victory for the New Aspiration Party, which won 125 of the 393 seats, despite winning fewer votes than the Democrat Party. Voter turnout was 62.4%.

2001 Thai general election

General elections were held in Thailand on January 6, 2001. 500 seats in the House of Representatives (Sapha Poothaen Rassadorn) were at stake. In accordance with the recently enacted 1997 constitution of Thailand, the House of Representatives was composed of 400 members elected from single-member constituencies and 100 members elected from national party lists on a proportional basis.

Chaturon Chaisang

Chaturon Chaisang or Chaisaeng (Thai: จาตุรนต์ ฉายแสง, Thai pronunciation: [t͡ɕaːtùʔron t͡ɕʰǎːjsɛ̌ŋ], born January 1, 1956) is a Thai politician. He was a government member for several terms, serving as Minister of Justice, Deputy Prime Minister, and Minister of Education in the cabinets of Thaksin and Yingluck Shinawatra.

In the 1970s, Chaturon was one of the leaders of the leftist, pro-democracy students movement that initiated the October 1973 popular uprising against military dictatorship. After the 1976 Thammasat University massacre and return to authoritarian rule, he joined the illegal Communist Party of Thailand. He later fled to the United States, where he furthered his academic studies, earning a master's degree in economics.

After his return to Thailand in 1986, he joined mainstream politics, representing his home province in Parliament for several terms. He repeatedly switched parties, during most of the 1990s he stayed with the New Aspiration Party, in which he served as secretary general from 1997 until his leave in 2000. He then joined the Thai Rak Thai Party (TRT) of Thaksin Shinawatra, and became a member of Thaksin's government in several positions: Minister to the Office of the Prime Minister (2001–02), Minister of Justice (2002), Deputy Prime Minister (2002–05), and Minister of Education (2005–06).

After the coup d'état of 19 September 2006, he acted as the leader of the disempowered and disintegrating Thai Rak Thai Party until its forced dissolution by the Constitutional Tribunal in May 2007. By the court's decision he was banned from political activity for five years. In June 2013 he returned to political office, again becoming Minister of Education, in Yingluck Shinawatra's cabinet, representing her Pheu Thai Party. He was again removed from office by a military coup on 22 May 2014.

Chavalit Yongchaiyudh

Chavalit Yongchaiyudh (Thai: ชวลิต ยงใจยุทธ, RTGS: Chawalit Yongchaiyut, IPA: [t͡ɕʰá.wá.lít joŋ.t͡ɕaj.jút]; born 15 May 1932), also known as "Big Jiew" (บิ๊กจิ๋ว, RTGS: Bik Chio, IPA: [bík t͡ɕǐw]), is a Thai politician and retired army officer. From 1986 to 1990 he was the Commander-in-chief of the Royal Thai Army (RTA), and Supreme Commander of the Royal Thai Armed Forces from 1987 to 1990. In 1990 he founded the New Aspiration Party which he led until 2002. He was Thailand's 22nd Prime Minister from 1996 to 1997. At various times he has held the positions of Deputy Prime Minister, Minister of Defence, Minister of the Interior, Minister of Labour and Leader of the Opposition.

Commoner Party of Thailand

Commoner Party of Thailand (Thai: พรรคคนธรรมดาแห่งประเทศไทย) is a political party in Thailand founded in 3 March 2014 by Tanaporn Sriyakul is leader. On 20 April 2014 Commoner Party of Thailand organized the party's first, announcing ideologies and policy to amend the Lèse majesté law or acticle 112

List of Prime Ministers of Thailand

The Prime Minister of Thailand is the head of government of the Kingdom of Thailand. The prime minister is also the chairman of the cabinet of Thailand and represents the government at home and the country abroad.

The post of prime minister has existed since 1932, after a bloodless revolution forced the absolutist King Prajadhipok to grant for the people of Siam their first constitution. Under the newly established constitutional monarchy, the first prime minister of Siam was Phraya Manopakorn Nititada. At first, the office was called the President of the People's Committee, it was later changed to Prime Minister of Siam when the king deemed it too communistic.

Constitutionally the prime minister is required to be a member of the lower house of the National Assembly (the House of Representatives). He must also gain their approval through a resolution before an official appointment by the king can take place. As a result, the prime minister might succumb to a vote of no confidence and removal in the House. However, this has never happened up to date.

Throughout the post's existence it has mostly been occupied by military leaders from the Royal Thai Army, three holding the rank of field marshal and seven the rank of general. The post of prime minister is currently held by General Prayut Chan-o-cha, who was formally appointed to the office on 24 August 2014. Previously he was the de facto head of government as leader of the National Council for Peace and Order, since the coup d'état on 22 May 2014.

Note: The list includes leaders of military juntas and acting prime ministers. However, they are not counted in the official list as provided by the Royal Thai Government

List of political parties in Thailand

This article lists political parties in Thailand. Thailand had a multi-party system of government prior to the 2014 coup d'état.

March 1992 Thai general election

General elections were held in Thailand on 22 March 1992, the first after the National Peace Keeping Council overthrew the elected government of Chatichai Choonhavan in a coup on 23 February 1991. A total of 15 parties and 2,185 candidates contested the 360 seats. The result was a victory for the Justice Unity Party, which won 79 seats, despite receiving fewer votes than the New Aspiration Party. Voter turnout was 59.2%.

Matubhum Party

The Matubhum Party (Thai: พรรคมาตุภูมิ, Phak Matubhum, English: Motherland Party) is a minor political party in Thailand, founded in November 2008. It mainly represents the interests of the Muslim minority in Thailands Southern provinces. It is led by General Sonthi Boonyaratglin.

Forerunner of the Matubhum Party was the Wahdah faction (Arab for Unity), initially a cross-party group of Muslim parliamentarians led by Wan Muhamad Noor Matha. The majority of the Wahdah faction joined the New Aspiration Party and later the Thai Rak Thai Party of Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra, to achieve improvements for the Muslim population in the South. After Thaksin's use of brutal force against the insurgency in the three southernmost provinces, the faction fell out with Thaksin and the Thai Rak Thai Party. After the 2006 Thai coup d'état, most Wahdah members joined the Neutral Democratic Party and were later spread among Puea Pandin Party, Ratsadon Party, and Pheu Thai Party. In November 2008, the Muslim politicians formed the Matubhum Party.The Muslim general Sonthi Boonyaratglin, from 2005 to 2007 Commander-in-Chief of the Army, leader of the 2006 coup d'état, and chairman of the military junta, joined the party in November 2009, and immediately became party leader. Sonthi oriented the party on neutrality between "Red Shirts" and "Yellow Shirts" and reconciliation of the Southern Muslims with Buddhist Thais, especially the Islamist rebels and the government.In the 2011 general election, the party won two seats, one for the party-list and one constituency-based in Pattani Province. It is in the opposition against the government of Yingluck Shinawatra.

Matubhum Party was dissolved on 27 December 2018.

New Democracy Party (Thailand)

New Democracy Party (Thai: พรรคประชาธิปไตยใหม่, Phak Prachathipataimai) is a political party in Thailand that founded on 21 April 2011. Suratin Pichan is Leader and Nipon Chuenta is Deputy Leader and Jumrus Kraiyasit is Secretary-General.

Phalang Pracharat Party

Phalang Pracharat Party (Thai: พรรคพลังประชารัฐ RTGS: Phak Phalang Pracharat, alternatively spelled Palang Pracharat or Palangpracharath; English "People's State Power Party") is a Thai pro-military and conservative political party established in 2018 by Chuan Chuchan (Thai: ชวน ชูจันทร์) and Suchart Jantarachotikul (Thai: พันเอกสุชาติ จันทรโชติกุล).Phalang Pracharat supports Prayut Chan-o-cha, who has ruled the country as the head of the military junta since the 2014 coup d'état, in the upcoming election. While there are multiple parties that support Prayut, the party is seen as the "official pro-junta party" or "pro-Prayut party" because many party leaders are also junta cabinet members and advisors. Additionally, the party's name, Phalang Pracharat, is the same as the ruling junta's key policy initiative.The party's leadership includes current cabinet ministers Uttama Savanayana, Sontirat Sontijirawong, Suvit Maesincee, and Kobsak Pootrakool.

Co-founder Suchart Jantarachotikul is a retired army colonel who was a classmate of Prayut Chan-o-cha at the Armed Forces Academies Preparatory School, shortly served as a member of parliament of the New Aspiration Party representing Songkhla Province in 1992 and was a member of the junta-appointed National Reform Steering Assembly from 2015 to 2017.The party is supported by the Sam Mitr ("Three Friends" or "Three Allies") group of former prime minister Thaksin Shinawatra's cabinet ministers: Somsak Thepsuthin, Suriya Jungrungreangkit, and current deputy prime minister Somkid Jatusripitak. The group has tried to win over former members of parliament from the pro-Thaksin Pheu Thai Party (and its predecessors Thai Rak Thai and People's Power Party), the Red Shirts movement, as well as the Democrat Party. In November 2018, the Sam Mitr group and over 150 former members of parliament formally joined Phalang Pracharat.Since its founding, the party has been widely criticized for its leaders' close relationship to the junta and alleged abuse of their cabinet positions to fundraise and campaign for Phalang Pracharat.

Rak Santi Party

Rak Santi Party (Thai: พรรครักษ์สันติ) is a political party in Thailand founded on 21 April 2011 by Tawil Surachetpong is leader and Pornpen Petsuksiri is Secretary-General.

Sanoh Thienthong

Sanoh Thienthong (Thai: เสนาะ เทียนทอง, born 1 April 1934) is a Thai politician. He is a Member of Parliament for the Pheu Thai Party list. Before he joined the Pheu Thai Party in 2011, he was the leader of the minor Pracharaj Party. Earlier functions include Minister of Public Health and Interior Minister. Sanoh played a supporting role in the rise to premiership of Banharn Silpa-archa, Chavalit Yongchaiyudh, Thaksin Shinawatra and Surayud Chulanont

Somsak Kiatsuranont

Somsak Kiatsuranont (Thai: สมศักดิ์ เกียรติสุรนนท์, RTGS: Somsak Kiatsuranon, IPA: [sǒm.sàk kìat.sù.rá.non]; born 27 June 1954 in Khon Kaen) is a Thai politician (Pheu Thai Party). He has been serving as the Speaker of the House of Representatives of Thailand who is ex officio also the President of the National Assembly of Thailand, since 3 August 2011.

Somsak Kiatsuranont studied engineering. He holds a bachelor's degree from the Khon Kaen University, and a master's degree from the Chulalongkorn University.

Somsak is a Member of Parliament, representing Khon Kaen. In 1997, at the time a member of the New Aspiration Party, he was Vice Speaker of the House of Representatives. During this time, he acquired the nickname "The Hammer Man" ("ขุนค้อน") for his impartiality in presiding over the House's meetings and intensive use of the presidium's gavel. Later, he was a member of the Thai Rak Thai Party of Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra, which was banned after the 2006 coup d'etat, and transferred into the People's Power Party (PPP). In the PPP-led government of Samak Sundaravej, Somsak was Minister of Culture from August to September 2008, and Minister of Justice in Somchai Wongsawat's cabinet from September to December 2008. Then, the PPP suffered the same fate as the Thai Rak Thai, and was dissolved by the Constitutional Court, but was revived as the Pheu Thai Party, of which Somsak Kiatsuranont has been the vice chairman since September 2010.

After the Pheu Thai Party won the 2011 general election, Somsak Kiatsuranont was elected Speaker of the House of Representatives, on 2 August 2011. Somsak who exercised restraint during the 2010 Thai political protests, is considered to be also acceptable for the parliamentary opposition. The Democrat Party did not field an opposing candidate. He was formally approved by the king on 3 August.Somsak was decorated with the highest class (Knight Grand Cordon) of both the Order of the White Elephant, and the Order of the Crown of Thailand.

Sukavich Rangsitpol

Sukavich Rangsitpol (Thai: สุขวิช รังสิตพล RTGS: Sukkhawit Rangsitphon; born 5 December 1935) is a Thai manager and former politician. He served as deputy prime minister (1994, 1996–97) and minister of education (1995–97) of Thailand.

Sukavich completed a bachelor's degree in political science at Thammasat University in 1960 and the Management Development Program of Asian Institute of Management, Manila in 1976. He started working as a sales representative for Caltex Oil Thailand in 1961, being promoted to sales supervisor, district manager, general sales manager and general manager over the following decades. He finally served as chairman and managing director of that company during the early 1990s.Sukavich was appointed to the post-coup National Legislative Assembly in 1991 as well as to the Thai Senate in 1992. In 1993–94 he was the governor of the Expressway and Rapid Transit Authority of Thailand (ETA). In 1994, Sukavich joined the New Aspiration Party (NAP) of retired general Chavalit Yongchaiyudh and was appointed deputy prime minister in Chuan Leekpai's cabinet in October of the same year. He lost that position after a few weeks, but was appointed minister of education in Banharn Silpa-archa's cabinet in July 1995. In addition, he was the secretary-general of the NAP from 1995 to 1997. He was alleged to have contributed 100 million baht to the party's campaign fund.He was elected to the House of Representatives in 1996, representing Bangkok's 13th constituency. After New Aspiration's electoral victory, Sukavich again was a deputy prime minister in Chavalit Yongchaiyudh's cabinet in addition to his post as minister of education. Moreover, he served as Southeast Asian Ministers of Education Organization (SEAMEO) council president in 1996. He was involved in a long-running scandal over the purchase of overpriced computers for schools. Sukavich was also criticised for keeping in force a ban on "gender/sex deviant" and "wrong-gendered" (i.e. homosexual and transsexual) students at the Rajabhat teacher training institutes, saying that "homosexuals are no different to drug addicts who need treatment. ... I do not want these people to be role models for children." He retired from the ministerial post in August 1997, being replaced by his intra-party rival Chingchai Mongcoltam, who lifted the anti-gay ban. Sukavich also lost the deputy premiership in November 1997 when Chavalit was ousted by a no-confidence vote during the Asian financial crisis.

In 2001 Sukavich was re-elected as member of parliament, being number three of the New Aspiration Party list. Together with party leader Chavalit Yongchaiyudh and most of the NAP lawmakers, he switched to the Thai Rak Thai Party (TRT) of prime minister Thaksin Shinawatra later in the same year. In 2005, he was re-elected once again, this time a representative of the TRT party list. As one of 111 executive members of the TRT, he was banned from political activities for five years after the 2006 coup d'état. He expressed no wish to return to politics after the ban expired.

Surawit Khonsomboon

Surawit Khonsomboon (Thai: สุรวิทย์ คนสมบูรณ์; born on 23 April 1949 in Chaiyaphum) is a Thai politician and medical doctor. He is a former Member of Parliament representing the Pheu Thai Party. From its electoral victory in 2011 to January 2012 he was Minister in the Office of the Prime Minister in the cabinet of prime minister Yingluck Shinawatra, subsequently he served as Deputy Minister of Public Health until October 2012.

Tawatwong na Chiang Mai

Tawatwong Na Chiang Mai (Thai: ธวัชวงศ์ ณ เชียงใหม่; RTGS: Thawatwong Na Chiangmai, December 14, 1945- ) is a Thailand politician who served as Thailand's Deputy Minister of Finance from 1996 until 1997, Deputy Minister of Public Health from 1996 until 1997 and the Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs 1997.

Thai Rak Thai Party

The Thai Rak Thai Party (TRT; Thai: พรรคไทยรักไทย, RTGS: Phak Thai Rak Thai, IPA: [pʰák tʰaj rák tʰaj]; "Thais Love Thais Party") was a Thai political party founded in 1998. From 2001 to 2006, it was the ruling party under its founder, Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra. During its brief existence, Thai Rak Thai won the three general elections it contested. Eight months after a military coup forced Thaksin to remain in exile, the party was dissolved on 30 May 2007 by the Constitutional Tribunal for violation of electoral laws, with 111 former party members banned from participating in politics for five years.

Veera Musikapong

Veera Musikapong, with full name Veerakarn Musikapong (Thai: วีระกานต์ มุสิกพงศ์, RTGS: Wirakan Musikaphong, born 24 May 1948 in Ranot, Songkhla Province) is a Thai politician. Veera was government spokesman of Prime Minister Seni Pramoj, Deputy Minister of Agriculture, of Communications, and of Interior in the governments of Prem Tinsulanonda, secretary general of the Democrat Party, executive member of the Thai Rak Thai Party and longstanding Member of Parliament. Since 2006, he has been one of the leaders of the United Front for Democracy Against Dictatorship or Red Shirts.

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