New Alliance Party (Mexico)

The New Alliance Party (Spanish: Partido Nueva Alianza, PNA or PANAL) was a political party in Mexico from 2005 to 2018.[1][2]

Its creation was proposed by the Sindicato Nacional de Trabajadores de la Educación (SNTE, National Union of Education Workers), the largest trade union in Latin America,[3][4] led by Elba Esther Gordillo, the controversial former general secretary of the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI).[5]

New Alliance Party

Partido Nueva Alianza
LeaderLuis Castro Obregón
FounderElba Esther Gordillo
Founded14 July 2005
Dissolved3 September 2018
Split fromInstitutional Revolutionary Party
HeadquartersDurango núm. 199, Col. Roma, Deleg. Cuauhtémoc, Mexico City
Youth wingAlianza Joven
IdeologyLiberalism
Political positionCentre
National affiliationTodos por México
International affiliationLiberal International
Continental affiliationLiberal Network for Latin America
Colours     Turquoise
Seats in the Chamber of Deputies
0 / 500
Seats in the Senate
0 / 128
Governorships
0 / 32
Mayors
189 / 2,474
Seats in State legislatures
42 / 1,124
Website
www.nueva-alianza.org.mx

History

The New Alliance Party achieved its official registry on July 14, 2005,[6] three years after the SNTE created the Asociación Ciudadana del Magisterio (ACM, Citizen Association of Teachers), a political group recognized by the Federal Electoral Institute since August 2002. The creation of this party by the SNTE, a group that had traditionally supported the PRI in every election, caused accusations of treason for Gordillo.

The party's president is Jorge Kahwagi. On 8 January 2006, the PNA elected Roberto Campa as its candidate for president in the 2006 general elections. In the 2006 legislative elections the party won nine out of 500 seats in the Chamber of Deputies and one out of 128 Senators. In the 2009 legislative elections the party lost one seat in the Chamber of Deputies, leaving it with eight seats. In the 2012 legislative elections, PANAL won 2 seats in the Senate (an overall loss of 3), and 10 seats in the Chamber of Deputies (an overall gain of 3).[7]

The party logo distinctly resembles that of the now-defunct Canadian Alliance, a conservative party active from 2000 to 2003. The logo was provided by an ad agency, purported to resemble a dove.[8] Despite the discovery of the logo's resemblance to that of the Canadian Alliance (leading one founding member of the party to express feeling "robbed"), it was nonetheless adopted. The party's 2012 presidential candidate, Gabriel Quadri, appeared in a wetsuit at his campaign launch, as did Canadian Alliance leader Stockwell Day.[9]

In 2018, the party entered into coalition with the PRI and Green Party (PVEM) to support the nomination of José Antonio Meade.[10] Meade finished a distant third behind Andrés Manuel López Obrador, but the results for New Alliance were worse. The party failed to attract three percent of the vote in all three elections for president, proportional representation federal deputies, and senators, which under Mexican law prompts the loss of its federal registry and the appointment of a liquidator by the INE to dispose of the party's assets.[11] Nueva Alianza and the Social Encounter Party, the other party to lose its registry after the 2018 elections, challenged the result, to no avail. The PNA was officially dissolved on 3 September 2018.[12]

Electoral history

Presidential elections

Election year Candidate # votes % vote Result Note
2006 Roberto Campa Cifrián 401,804 0.96 Red XN Defeated
2012 Gabriel Quadri de la Torre 1,129,108 2.36 Red XN Defeated
2018 José Antonio Meade Kuribreña 560,229 0.99 Red XN Defeated

Congressional elections

Chamber of Deputies

Election year Constituency PR # of seats Position Presidency Note
votes % votes %
2006 3,637,685 14.1 3,637,685 14.0
9 / 500
Minority Felipe Calderón PAN logo (Mexico).svg
2009 1,181,850 3.4 1,186,876 3.4
8 / 500
Minority Felipe Calderón PAN logo (Mexico).svg
2012 1,977,185 4.29 1,986,538 4.08
10 / 500
Minority Enrique Peña Nieto PRI logo (Mexico).svg
2015 1,480,090 3.91 1,486,935 3.72
10 / 500
Minority Enrique Peña Nieto PRI logo (Mexico).svg
2018 1,391,376 2.47
2 / 500
Minority Andrés Manuel López Obrador Morena Party (Mexico).svg

Senate elections

Election year Constituency PR # of seats Position Presidency Note
votes % votes %
2006 1,677,033 4.1 1,688,198 4.0
1 / 128
Minority Felipe Calderón PAN logo (Mexico).svg
2012 1,796,816 3.9 1,855,403 3.9
1 / 128
Minority Enrique Peña Nieto PRI logo (Mexico).svg
2018 1,307,015 2.31
1 / 128
Minority Andrés Manuel López Obrador Morena Party (Mexico).svg

References

  1. ^ https://www.eluniversal.com.mx/nacion/politica/nueva-alianza-se-queda-sin-registro-como-partido Retrieved Dec 16, 2018
  2. ^ https://www.huffingtonpost.com.mx/2018/11/21/nueva-alianza-pierde-su-registro-como-partido_a_23596569/ Retrieved Dec 16, 2018
  3. ^ https://libertadbajopalabra.com/2017/08/13/snte-sindicato-mas-poderoso-america-latina-simple-tehuacan-sin-gas/ Retrieved Dec 16, 2018
  4. ^ https://www.scribd.com/document/145996471/Considerado-como-la-organizacion-sindical-mas-grande-de-America-Latina Retrieved Dec 16, 2018.
  5. ^ http://www.milenio.com/opinion/maximiliano-gracia-hernandez/la-economia-del-tunel/partido-alianza-verguenza-sistema-politico-mexicano Retrieved Dec 16, 2018
  6. ^ https://nueva-alianza.org.mx/historia/ Retrieved Dec 16, 2018.
  7. ^ Seelke, Claire. "Mexico's 2012 Elections" (PDF). Congressional Research Service. Retrieved 10 December 2012.
  8. ^ https://nueva-alianza.org.mx/historia/ Retrieved Dec 16, 2018.
  9. ^ "The Canadian Alliance in Mexico: Gabriel Quadri and his party making waves". The Star. 13 May 2012.
  10. ^ https://www.jornada.com.mx/2018/01/23/politica/007n2pol# Retrieved Dec 16, 2018.
  11. ^ "Panal y PES pierden registro; INE inicia proceso de liquidación". El Sol de México. 9 July 2018. Retrieved 9 July 2018.
  12. ^ "INE aprueba pérdida de registro de Nueva Alianza y Encuentro Social". El Economista. 3 September 2018. Retrieved 6 September 2018.

Further reading

Panal history (in Spanish) Retrieved Dec 16, 2018

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