New-York Tribune

The New-York Tribune was an American newspaper, first established in 1841 by editor Horace Greeley. Between 1842 and 1866, the newspaper bore the name New-York Daily Tribune.[1] From the 1840s through the 1860s it was the dominant Whig Party and then Republican newspaper in the United States. The paper achieved a circulation of approximately 200,000 in the 1850s, making it the largest daily paper then in New York City. The Tribune's editorials were widely read, shared, and copied in other city newspapers, helping to shape national American opinion. It was one of the first papers in the north to send reporters, correspondents, and illustrators to cover the campaigns of the American Civil War.

In 1924, after 83 years of independent existence, the New-York Tribune merged with another major daily newspaper in New York City, the New York Herald, to form the New York Herald Tribune. The "Trib", as it was known, ceased publication in 1966.

New-York Tribune
Nytrib1864
Front page of the New-York Tribune no. 7,368
November 16, 1864
TypeDaily newspaper
FormatBroadsheet
Founded1841
Political alignmentLiberal, left-of-center
Ceased publication1924; merged with New York Herald to form the New York Herald Tribune
HeadquartersManhattan, New York, New York, U.S.

History

New York Tribune editorial staff by Brady
Daguerreotype of the Tribune editorial staff by famed later Civil War photographer Mathew Brady (1822–1896), taken circa 1850s. Horace Greeley (1811–1872), is seated, second from the right. Editor Charles Anderson Dana (1819–1897), is standing, center.
Miller's New York as it is, or, Stranger's guide-book to the cities of New York, Brooklyn and adjacent places - comprising notices of every object of interest to strangers; including public buildings, (14779611671)
The New York Tribune building, today the site of One Pace Plaza in lower Manhattan.

The Tribune was created by Horace Greeley in 1841 with the goal of providing a straightforward, trustworthy media source. Greeley had previously published a weekly newspaper, The New Yorker (unrelated to the later modern magazine, of the same name), in 1833, and was also publisher of the Whig Party's political organ, Log Cabin. In 1841, he merged operations of these two publications into a new newspaper that he named, the New-York Tribune.[2]

Greeley sponsored a host of reforms, including pacifism and feminism and especially the ideal of the hard-working free laborer. Greeley demanded reforms to make all citizens would be free and equal. He envisioned virtuous citizens who would eradicate corruption. He talked endlessly about progress, improvement, and freedom, while calling for harmony between labor and capital.[3] Greeley's editorials promoted social democratic reforms, and were widely reprinted. They influenced the free-labor ideology of the Whigs and the radical wing of the Republican Party, especially in promoting the free-labor ideology. Before 1848 he sponsored an American version of Fourierist socialist reform, but backed away after the failed revolutions of 1848 in Europe.[4] To promote multiple reforms Greeley hired a roster of writers who later became famous in their own right, including Margaret Fuller,[5] Charles Anderson Dana, George William Curtis, William Henry Fry, Bayard Taylor, George Ripley, Julius Chambers and Henry Jarvis Raymond, who later co-founded The New York Times.[6] In 1852-62, the paper retained Karl Marx as its London-based European correspondent. Friedrich Engels also submitted articles under Marx's by-line.[7]

Political influence

Founded in a time of civil unrest, the paper joined the newly formed Republican Party in 1854, named it after the party of Thomas Jefferson, and emphasized its opposition to slavery. The paper generated a large readership, with a circulation of approximately 200,000 during the decade of the 1850s. This made the paper the largest circulation daily in New York City — gaining commensurate influence among voters and political decision-makers in the process.[8] During the Civil War Greeley crusaded against slavery, lambasting Democrats while calling for a mandatory draft of soldiers for the first time in the U.S. This led to an Irish mob attempting to burn down the Tribune building in lower Manhattanan during the Draft Riots.[9] .[10]

After failing to unseat Ulysses S. Grant in his bid for a second term as President in the 1872 Election, Whitelaw Reid assumed control of the Tribune. Greeley checked into Dr. George C.S. Choate's Sanitarium where he died only a few weeks later.

In 1886, with Reid's support, the Tribune became the first publication in the world to be printed on a linotype machine, which was invented by a German immigrant, inventor Ottmar Mergenthaler. This technique allowed them to exceed the standard newspaper size of only eight pages while still speeding up printing time per copy, thereby increasing the overall number of copies that could be printed.

New York Herald Tribune

Under Reid's son, Ogden Mills Reid, the paper acquired and merged with the New York Herald in 1924 to form the New York Herald Tribune. The New York Herald Tribune continued to be run by Ogden M. Reid until his death in 1947.

New paper, same name

A "new" New York Tribune debuted in 1976 in New York City. The paper, which was originally named The News World and later changed to The New York City Tribune, was published by News World Communications, Inc., owned by the Unification Church. It was published in the former Tiffany and Company Building at 401 Fifth Avenue until it printed its last edition on January 3, 1991.[11] Its sister paper, The Washington Times, is circulated primarily in the nation's capital. The Tribune carried an expansive "Commentary" section of opinions and editorials. Former New York City Mayor Ed Koch was one of the columnists.

Former Tribune buildings today

In popular culture

  • The Tribune was referenced in one rendition of the popular 19th-century ballad, "No Irish Need Apply",[12] as performed by Tony Pastor, as the paper of choice for the anti-Irish antagonist in the song.

Archives

Copies of the New-York Tribune are available on microfilm at many large libraries and online at the Library of Congress.[13] Also, indices from selected years in the late nineteenth century are available on the Library of Congress' website. The original paper articles from the newspaper's morgue are kept at The Center for American History at the University of Texas at Austin.

References

  1. ^ "About New-York daily tribune".
  2. ^ Glyndon G. van Deusen, Horace Greeley: 19th Century Crusader (1953) pp 51-58.
  3. ^ Mitchell Snay, Horace Greeley and the Politics of Reform in Nineteenth-Century America (2011).
  4. ^ Adam-Max Tuchinsky, "'The Bourgeoisie Will Fall and Fall Forever': The New-York Tribune, the 1848 French Revolution, and American Social Democratic Discourse." Journal of American History 92.2 (2005): 470-497.
  5. ^ Paula Kopacz, "Feminist at the 'Tribune': Margaret Fuller as Professional Writer." Studies in the American Renaissance (1991): 119-139. online
  6. ^ Sandburg, Carl (1942). Storm Over the Land. Harcourt, Brace and Company.
  7. ^ Saul K. Padover, Karl Marx: An Intimate Biography. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1978; pp. 301, 605.
  8. ^ Frank Luther Mott, American Journalism: A History, 1690-1960 (1962) pp 271-78.
  9. ^ Van Deusen, Horace Greeley: 19th Century Crusader (1953) pp 283-85, 289, 298-300.
  10. ^ Van Deusen, Horace Greeley: 19th Century Crusader (1953) pp 283-85, 289, 298-300.
  11. ^ "New York Tribune Suspends Publication" (Late Edition (East Coast)). The New York Times. January 5, 1991.
  12. ^ Library of Congress: American Memory website (name search required for accession)
  13. ^ "About New-York tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866–1924," Library of Congress.

Further reading

  • Anon. "The New York Tribune: A Sketch of Its History" (1883) short pamphlet
  • "About New-York tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866–1924". Chronicling America. Library of Congress. Retrieved February 20, 2011.
  • Baehr, Harry W, The New York Tribune since the Civil War (1936)
  • Borchard, Gregory A. (2008). "New York Tribune". In Vaughn, Stephen L. Encyclopedia of American Journalism (1st ed.). Abingdon, UK: Routledge. pp. 343–345. ISBN 978-0-415-96950-5.
  • Fahrney, Ralph Ray, Horace Greeley and the Tribune in the Civil War (1936) online
  • Isely, Jeter A. Horace Greeley and the Republican Party, 1853–1861: A study of the New York Tribune (1947)
  • Kluger, Richard, and Phyllis Kluger. The Paper: The Life and Death of the New York Herald Tribune (1986)
  • Maihafer, Harry J. The General and the Journalists: Ulysses S. Grant, Horace Greeley, and Charles Dana (2001).
  • Seitz, Don C. Horace Greeley: Founder of the New York Tribune (1926) online edition
  • Tuchinsky, Adam. Horace Greeley's 'New-York Tribune': Civil War-Era Socialism and the Crisis of Free Labor (2009).
  • Van Deusen, Glyndon G. Horace Greeley, Nineteenth-Century Crusader (1953), standard biography online edition

External links

1872 United States presidential election in California

In the 1872 United States presidential election, California voted for the Republican incumbent, Ulysses S. Grant, over the Liberal Republican nominee, New York Tribune publisher Horace Greeley.

1890 Yale Bulldogs football team

The 1890 Yale Bulldogs football team represented Yale University in the 1890 college football season. In its third year under head coach Walter Camp, the team compiled a 13–1 record, recorded 12 shutouts, and outscored all opponents by a total of 486 to 18. Its only loss was to rival Harvard by a 12–6 score.Three Yale players (halfback Thomas McClung, guard Pudge Heffelfinger, and tackle William Rhodes) were consensus picks for the 1890 College Football All-America Team. All three have also been inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame

1899 Cornell Big Red football team

The 1899 Cornell Big Red football team was an American football team that represented Cornell University during the 1899 college football season. In their first season under head coach Percy Haughton, the Big Red compiled a 7–3 record and outscored all opponents by a combined total of 134 to 52. Three Cornell players received honors on the 1899 College Football All-America Team: quarterback George H. Young (Outing-2, New York Tribune-2); halfback George B. Walbridge (Outing-2); and tackle Edward R. Alexander (Camp-3, New York Tribune-2; Leslie's Weekly-2).

1922 Chicago Maroons football team

The 1922 Chicago Maroons football team represented the University of Chicago during the 1922 Big Ten Conference football season. In coach Amos Alonzo Stagg's 31st year as head coach, the Maroons finished with a 5–1–1 record.Notable players on the 1922 Chicago team included guard Joe Pondelik, fullback John Webster Thomas, halfback Jimmy Pyott, tackle Frank Gowdy, and center Ralph King. Thomas was selected by Walter Camp and the New York Tribune as a first-team All-American in 1922. Fritz Crisler was an assistant coach on the team.

Black Hand (extortion)

Black Hand (Italian: Mano Nera) was a type of Italian and Italian-American extortion racket. It was a method of extortion, not a criminal organization as such, though gangsters of Camorra and the Mafia practiced it.

A June 1912 newspaper report in the New York Tribune stated that the Black Hand "really exists only as a phrase. As an organization such a thing never existed out of the minds of the police. It is a catch phrase made familiar through the newspapers, and the quick witted criminal of Latin extraction lost no time in using it as a nom de crime, which he wrote at the bottom of his blackmailing letters, sometimes – in fact, generally – adding fanciful decorations of his own, such as daggers dripping blood, revolvers spitting fire and bullets, crudely drawn skulls and crossbones and the inevitable sketch of a human hand."

Boardman Robinson

Boardman Robinson (1876–1952) was a Canadian-American artist, illustrator and cartoonist.

Chicken à la King

Chicken à la King (Franglais; 'King-style chicken') is a dish consisting of diced chicken in a cream sauce, and often with sherry, mushrooms, and vegetables, served over rice, noodles, or bread.

Horace Greeley

Horace Greeley (February 3, 1811 – November 29, 1872) was an American author and statesman who was the founder and editor of the New-York Tribune, among the great newspapers of its time. Long active in politics, he served briefly as a congressman from New York, and was the unsuccessful candidate of the new Liberal Republican party in the 1872 presidential election against incumbent President Ulysses S. Grant.

Greeley was born to a poor family in Amherst, New Hampshire. He was apprenticed to a printer in Vermont and went to New York City in 1831 to seek his fortune. He wrote for or edited several publications and involved himself in Whig Party politics, taking a significant part in William Henry Harrison's successful 1840 presidential campaign. The following year, he founded the Tribune, which became the highest-circulating newspaper in the country through weekly editions sent by mail. Among many other issues, he urged the settlement of the American West, which he saw as a land of opportunity for the young and the unemployed. He popularized the slogan "Go West, young man, and grow up with the country." He endlessly promoted utopian reforms such as socialism, vegetarianism, agrarianism, feminism, and temperance, while hiring the best talent he could find.

Greeley's alliance with William H. Seward and Thurlow Weed led to him serving three months in the House of Representatives, where he angered many by investigating Congress in his newspaper. In 1854, he helped found and may have named the Republican Party. Republican newspapers across the nation regularly reprinted his editorials. During the Civil War, he mostly supported Lincoln, though he urged the president to commit to the end of slavery before he was willing to do so. After Lincoln's assassination, he supported the Radical Republicans in opposition to President Andrew Johnson. He broke with Republican President Ulysses Grant because of corruption and Greeley's sense that Reconstruction policies were no longer needed.

Greeley was the new Liberal Republican Party's presidential nominee in 1872. He lost in a landslide despite having the additional support of the Democratic Party. He was devastated by the death of his wife, who died five days before the election, and died himself three weeks later, before the Electoral College had met.

Italian tomato pie

Italian tomato pie is an Italian-American baked good consisting of a thick, porous, focaccia-like dough covered with tomato sauce. It may be sprinkled with romano cheese or oregano. It is not usually served straight from the oven, but allowed to cool and then consumed at room temperature or reheated. Like Sicilian pizza, tomato pie is baked in a large rectangular pan and served in square slices. In Rhode Island it is cut into long strips and often called pizza strips. Tomato pie descends from and resembles the Italian sfincione, although it is not the same dish; for instance, sfincione may have toppings, is usually served hot, and has a crust more like brioche than foccacia.Other names for tomato pie include gravy pie ("gravy" here refers to "Italian gravy", i.e. tomato sauce) and church pie in Philadelphia, and red bread, strip pizza, party pizza and bakery pizza in Rhode Island.

A 1903 article in the New-York Tribune on the food of Italian-Americans described an early version of tomato pie. Tomato pie has been sold by Iannelli's Bakery in Philadelphia since 1910 and O'Scugnizzo's Pizzeria in Utica, New York since 1914. Tomato pie remains popular in Philadelphia, Utica, and Rhode Island.

Lemuel E. Quigg

Lemuel Ely Quigg (February 12, 1863 – July 1, 1919) was a United States Representative from New York.

Margaret Fuller

Sarah Margaret Fuller Ossoli (May 23, 1810 – July 19, 1850), commonly known as Margaret Fuller, was an American journalist, editor, critic, and women's rights advocate associated with the American transcendentalism movement. She was the first full-time American female book reviewer in journalism. Her book Woman in the Nineteenth Century is considered the first major feminist work in the United States.

Born Sarah Margaret Fuller in Cambridge, Massachusetts, she was given a substantial early education by her father, Timothy Fuller. She later had more formal schooling and became a teacher before, in 1839, she began overseeing her Conversations series: classes for women meant to compensate for their lack of access to higher education. She became the first editor of the transcendentalist journal The Dial in 1840, before joining the staff of the New York Tribune under Horace Greeley in 1844. By the time she was in her 30s, Fuller had earned a reputation as the best-read person in New England, male or female, and became the first woman allowed to use the library at Harvard College. Her seminal work, Woman in the Nineteenth Century, was published in 1845. A year later, she was sent to Europe for the Tribune as its first female correspondent. She soon became involved with the revolutions in Italy and allied herself with Giuseppe Mazzini. She had a relationship with Giovanni Ossoli, with whom she had a child. All three members of the family died in a shipwreck off Fire Island, New York, as they were traveling to the United States in 1850. Fuller's body was never recovered.

Fuller was an advocate of women's rights and, in particular, women's education and the right to employment. She also encouraged many other reforms in society, including prison reform and the emancipation of slaves in the United States. Many other advocates for women's rights and feminism, including Susan B. Anthony, cite Fuller as a source of inspiration. Many of her contemporaries, however, were not supportive, including her former friend Harriet Martineau. She said that Fuller was a talker rather than an activist. Shortly after Fuller's death, her importance faded; the editors who prepared her letters to be published, believing her fame would be short-lived, censored or altered much of her work before publication.

New York Herald

The New York Herald was a large-distribution newspaper based in New York City that existed between 1835 and 1924, when it merged with the New-York Tribune to form the New York Herald Tribune.

New York Herald Tribune

The New York Herald Tribune was a newspaper published between 1924 and 1966. It was created in 1924 when the New York Tribune acquired the New York Herald. It was widely regarded as a "writer's newspaper" and competed with The New York Times in the daily morning market. The paper won at least nine Pulitzer Prizes during its lifetime.A "Republican paper, a Protestant paper and a paper more representative of the suburbs than the ethnic mix of the city", the Tribune generally did not match the comprehensiveness of The New York Times' coverage, but its national, international and business coverage was generally viewed as among the best in the industry, as was its overall style. At one time or another, the paper was home to such writers as Dorothy Thompson, Red Smith, Roger Kahn, Richard Watts, Jr., Homer Bigart, Walter Kerr, Walter Lippmann, St. Clair McKelway, Judith Crist, Dick Schaap, Tom Wolfe, John Steinbeck, and Jimmy Breslin. Editorially, the newspaper was the voice for eastern Republicans, later referred to as Rockefeller Republicans, and espoused a pro-business, internationalist viewpoint.

The paper, first owned by the Reid family, struggled financially for most of its life and rarely generated enough profit for growth or capital improvements; the Reids subsidized the Herald Tribune through the paper's early years. However, it enjoyed prosperity during World War II and by the end of the conflict had pulled close to the Times in ad revenue. A series of disastrous business decisions, combined with aggressive competition from the Times and poor leadership from the Reid family, left the Herald Tribune far behind its rival.

In 1958, the Reids sold the Herald Tribune to John Hay Whitney, a multimillionaire Wall Street investor who was serving as ambassador to the United Kingdom at the time. Under his leadership, the Tribune experimented with new layouts and new approaches to reporting the news, and made important contributions to the body of New Journalism that developed in the 1960s. The paper steadily revived under Whitney, but a 114-day newspaper strike stopped the Herald Tribune's gains and ushered in four years of strife with labor unions, particularly the local chapter of the International Typographical Union. Faced with mounting losses, Whitney attempted to merge the Herald Tribune with the New York World-Telegram and the New York Journal-American in the spring of 1966; the proposed merger led to another lengthy strike, and on August 15, 1966, Whitney announced the closure of the Herald Tribune. Combined with investments in the World Journal Tribune, Whitney spent $39.5 million (equivalent to $304,835,696 in 2018 dollars) in his attempts to keep the newspaper alive.After the New York Herald Tribune closed, the Times and The Washington Post, joined by Whitney, entered an agreement to operate the International Herald Tribune, the paper's former Paris publication. The International Herald Tribune was renamed the International New York Times in 2013 and is now named The New York Times International Edition. New York magazine, created as the Herald Tribune's Sunday magazine in 1963, was revived by editor Clay Felker in 1968, and continues to publish today.

New York Tribune Building

The New York Tribune Building was a building built by Richard Morris Hunt in 1875 in New York City. It was built as the headquarters of the New York Tribune, and was a brick and masonry structure topped by a Clock Tower. It was 260 feet (79 m) tall and when new the second-tallest building in New York, after Trinity Church. It was demolished in 1966.The Tribune Building was located at 154 Printing House Square at Nassau and Spruce streets, on the site of an earlier Tribune building. In 1890 the New York World Building, headquarters for the New York World newspaper, was built one block away. The Tribune Building was one of the first high-rise elevator buildings.Originally a nine-story building, between 1903 and 1905, nine more floors were added by the architects D'Oench & Yost and L. Thouyard to make it an 18-story building. The building has been put forward as a candidate for the first ever skyscraper.Pace University held its first classrooms in the building, renting out one room in 1906.

The building was demolished in 1966 to make room for the 1 Pace Plaza building.

New Yorker

New Yorker or variant may refer to:

A resident of New York

A resident of New York City

A ManhattaniteThe New Yorker, a magazine founded in 1925

The New Yorker (1833–1841), predecessor to the New-York Tribune

The New Yorker (1901–1906), a weekly newspaper edited by Robert W. Criswell

The New Yorker Radio Hour, a radio program carried by public radio stations

The New Yorker (fireboat), a 1890 large fireboat operated by the FDNY

The New Yorkers, a 1930 musical by Cole Porter

NewYorker, a German fashion company

Chrysler New Yorker, an automobile

Wyndham New Yorker Hotel, in New York City

Pace University

Pace University is a private university with campuses in New York City and Westchester County, New York. It was established in 1906 by the brothers Homer St. Clair Pace and Charles A. Pace as a business school. Pace enrolls about 13,000 students in bachelor’s, master’s and doctoral programs. It offers about 100 majors at its six schools. The university also offers an MFA in Acting through The Actors Studio Drama School and is home to the Inside the Actors Studio television show.Its main schools are the College of Health Professions; the Dyson College of Arts and Sciences; the Elisabeth Haub School of Law; the Lubin School of Business, the School of Education, and Seidenberg School of Computer Science and Information Systems. The school runs a women's justice center in Yonkers, a business incubator and is affiliated with the public school Pace High School.Pace originally operated out of the New York Tribune Building in New York City, and spread as the Pace Institute, operating in several major U.S. cities. In the 1920s, the school divested facilities outside New York, maintaining its Lower Manhattan location. It purchased its first permanent home in Manhattan in 1951, and opened its first Westchester campus in 1963. Pace opened its largest building, 1 Pace Plaza, in 1969. Four years later, it became a university.

Roswell G. Horr

Roswell Gilbert Horr (November 26, 1830 – December 19, 1896) was a politician from the U.S. state of Michigan.

Horr was born in Waitsfield, Vermont and moved with his parents to Lorain County, Ohio, in 1834, where he attended the public schools. He graduated from Antioch College in Yellow Springs, Ohio, in 1857 and was clerk of the court of common pleas of Lorain County from 1857 to 1862 and reelected in 1860. He studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1862, and commenced practice in Elyria, Ohio. Horr moved to southeastern Missouri in 1866, where he engaged in mining for six years before moving to East Saginaw, Michigan in 1872.

Horr was elected as a Republican from Michigan's 8th congressional district to the 46th, 47th, and 48th United States Congresses, serving from March 4, 1879 to March 3, 1885. He was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1884. He was a delegate to the Republican National Convention in 1884 and was again an unsuccessful candidate for election in 1886 to the 50th U.S. Congress.

In 1890, Roswell G. Horr moved to New York City and was an associate editor on the staff of the New York Tribune until his death in Plainfield, New Jersey. He was interred in Greenwood Cemetery, in Wellington, Ohio.

Shinbone Alley

Shinbone Alley (sometimes performed as archy & mehitabel) is a musical with a book by Joe Darion and Mel Brooks, lyrics by Darion, and music by George Kleinsinger. Based on archy and mehitabel, a series of New York Tribune columns by Don Marquis (illustrated by Krazy Kat author George Herriman), it focuses on poetic cockroach archy (who wasn't strong enough to depress the typewriter's shift-key), alley cat mehitabel, and her relationships with theatrical cat tyrone t. tattersal and tomcat big bill, under the watchful eye of the newspaperman, the voice-over narrator and only human being in the show.

Ward Morehouse

Ward Morehouse (November 24, 1895 – December 7, 1966) was an American theater critic, newspaper columnist, playwright, and author.

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