The Nederlandse Omroep Stichting (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈneːdərˌlɑntsə ˈʔɔmrup ˌstɪxtɪŋ]; abbr. NOS [ˌɛnoːˈɛs]), English: Dutch Broadcast Foundation, is one of the broadcasting organizations making up the Netherlands Public Broadcasting system. It has a special statutory obligation to make news and sports programmes for the three Dutch public television channels and the Dutch public radio services.
The foundation's remit derives from the Dutch Media Act 2008, which stipulates that the NOS produce regular and frequent programming of a public service nature, including, notably, a full and impartial news service and coverage of parliamentary procedures and debates, as well as reporting on sporting and other national events.
The NOS also acts as technical co-ordinator for the Dutch public broadcasting system as a whole. In the event of emergencies and/or the breaking of a major news story, it can assume control of the public networks in order to provide co-ordinated coverage of events in co-operation with the other members of the systems.
The NOS has correspondents in multiple countries, including a permanent studio in Washington, DC.
Programmes produced by the NOS include its daily television and radio bulletins, the NOS Journaal. Parliamentary reports are shown from a special studio in The Hague. It also supplies news programmes aimed at children (Jeugdjournaal), teens and young adults (NOS op 3) and sports fans (NOS Langs de Lijn, NOS Studio Sport). Programmes are made available via television, radio and online. The NOS also broadcast text pages and a website, which are both often used by the public.
|Netherlands Broadcasting Foundation, Nederlandse Omroep Stichting|
NOS' logo since 17 December 2005.
|Type||Public service broadcaster, News network|
|Founded||29 May 1969|
|Headquarters||Hilversum, the Netherlands|
|Owner||The Dutch public|
|NRU, NTS (Merger)|
The Netherlands Radio Union (NRU) was established in 1947. After several failed attempts to create a public broadcasting system and link up with a national station, the NRU was created as a union of broadcasting associations that provided operational support. The associations were responsible for their own output, but studios, orchestras and outside broadcast facilities were managed by the NRU. Weekly radio plays were also the domain of the NRU and would run until 1986. The NRU became the Dutch founding member of the European Broadcasting Union in 1950.
Meanwhile, the Netherlands Television Service (NTS) was created in 1951, two years after public television returned to the airwaves. The NTS served as a similar organization to the NRU, in that broadcast and transmission facilities were supplied to member associations for making programmes.
It wasn't until 1956 that the NTS itself produced its first programme, a news bulletin called the NTS Journaal. This was followed by a sports round-up, Sport in Beeld (Sports Illustrated) in 1959, and in 1967 of Langs de Lijn (Along the Line), a joint production of several broadcasting associations.
A new Media Act was passed into law in 1967, merging the Netherlands Radio Union and the Netherlands Television Foundation. The new organization, the Nederlandse Omroep Stichting (Netherlands Broadcasting Service) was created on 29 May 1969. The NOS, as was its predecessors, was tasked with co-ordinating the whole public broadcasting system, as well as providing news and sport bulletins. It also inherited the technical and production facilities needed to make and broadcast radio and television programmes. All broadcasting members of the NRU and the NTS were made members of the NOS.
On 2 May 1977, a strike by sound engineers affected television news broadcasts. Upset viewers called on all broadcasters to resolve the situation.
On 1 April 1980 the NOS launched its teletext service, in the framework of supplying news and information. It first experimented with teletext in 1977. In 1981,. on the 25th anniversary, the NOS aired its first televised youth news bulletin, called the Jeugdjournaal.
The Media Act of 1988 meant several changes to NOS and the broadcasting system. The Services Department, which was made up of the technical, broadcast and transmission facilities of the NOS, was privatised, which meant the broadcasting associations were required to pay to use the facilities. The Netherlands Broadcast Production Company (NOB) consisted of those facilities, mainly based in Media Park in Hilversum. The Media Act also required broadcasting association members take up positions on the NOS Board of Directors. A new government commission oversaw content and financial matters, as well as admitting potential new broadcasting associations.
In 1995, saw another Media Act enacted which saw the broadcasting duties of the NOS greatly reduced, with the creation of the Nederlandse Programma Stichting (Netherlands Programming Service). The NPS took on the programming tasks of the NOS concerning culture, art, children, education and ethnic-minorities, whilst the NOS concentrated on news, sport and live events.
A new Supervisory Board replaced the Board of Directors in 1998. The previous management was replaced with a three-man board, now charged with developing strategies and responsibility for all public output. Programming co-ordinators were appointed for each television and radio network and channel identities were created, largely replacing the varying on-air presentation of the pillar broadcasters. The broadcasting associations also have a degree of input through the Supervisory Board.
In 2002, the coordination element of the public broadcast system, administered by the NOS were now made clearer with the creation of an umbrella organization, Publieke Omroep (Public Broadcasting), while programme makers operated under the name "RTV NOS". The reorganization caused NOS to be loosened from the public broadcasting system, causing it to be a neutral member of NPO, and then starting to reorganize itself.
In 2005, saw the organization obtain a new corporate identity. The previous NOS logo was in use for 36 years and featured the initials of the company in lower case, with round and obtuse angles. The new logo was designed by graphic designers Lambie-Nairn, complete with new idents for its television programmes. The typeface was Gotham.
Its news-gathering operations also changed, with the news departments for radio, television and internet merging and re-organized into different sections (NOS, NOS News, NOS Sports, with NOS Events added in 2009).
An announcement made by the Minister of Education in 2007 confirmed a further division of the NOS. The umbrella group Publieke Omroep, managed by the NOS was to be legally separated and renamed Nederlandse Publieke Omroep (Netherlands Public Broadcasting). The move was to ensure the NOS operated under the same conditions as its fellow broadcasting associations, as well as transferring membership of the European Broadcasting Union.
In 2009, the NOS became fully independent and now has its own Board of Directors.
Since 2012, the NOS has got a new style and layout and, for some programs, other titles. The biggest change is visible in the 8 o'clock NOS Journaal (traditionally the most viewed and therefore the most important news broadcast of the NOS), where they adopted standing presentation.
The NOS is responsible for news, sport, political and events programming on the public service television networks and produce the following:
Besides broadcasting on the main three public television channels, The NOS is also responsible for two digital channels, NPO Nieuws and NPO Politiek:
On the radio the NOS is responsible for the following programmes:
The NOS is also responsible for the news and sports site of the Dutch public broadcasters. The editorial staff of the internet pages is also responsible for the teletext pages on NPO 1, NPO 2 and NPO 3.
The Eurovision Young Musicians 1988 was the fourth edition of the Eurovision Young Musicians, held at Concertgebouw in Amsterdam, Netherlands on 31 May 1988. Organised by the European Broadcasting Union (EBU) and host broadcaster Nederlandse Omroep Stichting (NOS), musicians from six countries participated in the televised final. A total of sixteen countries took part in the competition. All participants had to be younger than 19 and performed a classical piece of their choice accompanied by the Radio Filharmonisch Orkest conducted by Sergiu Comissiona. Cyprus and Spain made their début, and Israel withdrew from the 1988 contest.The non-qualified countries were Belgium, Cyprus, Denmark, France, Ireland, Netherlands, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and Yugoslavia. For the second year in a row, the host country did not qualify for the final. The semifinal took place between 26–27 May, a few days before the televised final. Julian Rachlin of Austria won the contest, with Norway and Italy placing second and third respectively.Hensley Koeiman
Hensley Felix Koeiman (born 21 May 1956) is a Curaçaoan politician who was Prime Minister of Curaçao between 23 December 2016 and 24 March 2017. A member of the Partido MAN, he was Minister of Social Affairs, Employment and Welfare in the Gerrit Schotte cabinet (October 2010 – September 2012). Afterwards Koeiman served in the Estates of Curaçao from the 2012 general election until his appointment as Prime Minister. Since 29 May 2017 he has been Minister of Social Affairs, Employment and Welfare in the Eugene Rhuggenaath cabinet.Hilversum Media Park railway station
Hilversum Media Park, previously called Hilversum NOS (1974-1989) and Hilversum Noord (1989-2013), is a railway station in the city of Hilversum, Netherlands. Opened on 25 September 1974, Hilversum Media Park is located on kilometre 27 of the Amsterdam–Zutphen railway, partly called the Gooilijn because of the region it runs through. The station is situated north of the city centre, serving the Media Park, where most Dutch television and radio broadcasters are located. The station has two platforms, which are connected through a covered footbridge. Before 1989, the station was named after the public broadcaster Nederlandse Omroep Stichting, more commonly referred to as NOS.Lawrence Renes
Lawrence Renes (born 1970) is a Dutch-Maltese conductor. Renes studied violin at the Conservatorium van Amsterdam and conducting at the Royal Conservatory of The Hague, from which he graduated cum laude in 1993.
Renes was the first prize winner at the 1992 Nederlandse Omroep Stichting conducting course NIS. In 1992, he also won the Elisabeth Everts Prize. He made his professional conducting debut with the Orchestra of Gran Canaria. He has served as an assistant conductor to Edo de Waart with the Netherlands Radio Philharmonic. His international prominence increased after his emergency replacement of Riccardo Chailly to conduct a 1995 concert with the Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra. In 1996, Renes was named principal guest conductor of the Netherlands Radio Philharmonic. Renes became chief conductor of Het Gelders Orkest (Arnhem, the Netherlands) in 1998 and held the post through 2002.
Outside of the Netherlands, Renes became principal guest conductor of the Zagreb Philharmonic Orchestra in 1996. He served as Generalmusikdirektor of the Bremer Philharmoniker from 2001 to 2006. In November 2011, Renes was named the next chief conductor of the Royal Swedish Opera (Kungliga Operan), as of the 2012-2013 season, with an initial contract through the 2016-2017 season.In contemporary music, Renes has championed the music of John Adams. He conducted both the first commercial recording of Adams' opera Doctor Atomic, with De Nederlandse Opera, and the UK premiere of the work at English National Opera. In October 2016, he conducted a new production of Adams Nixon in China at Stockholm'sKungliga Operan. The piece was directed by Michael Cavanagh. He has also conducted commercial recordings on such labels as Erato.Lijstduwer
Lijstduwer (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈlɛistˌdyʋər], 'list pusher') is a Dutch term for the last candidate on a party list.In Suriname, the Netherlands and Belgium, this position is often taken by well-known non-politicians such as artists, celebrities and sports people. They are officially a candidate, but they are put at the end of the party list (in an unelectable position) in a bid to attract more votes for the party and as a sign they endorse that specific party. In local elections, ordinary people who are well-known in the community might also act as lijstduwer.
Since these electoral systems use open list party-list proportional representation, votes cast to the lijstduwer add up to the total number of votes, and hence seats for the party. The candidate is not likely to become member of the elected body due to the low placement on the list, and generally rejects the position if they gather enough preference votes for a full seat (which they can claim within the Dutch system). There can be more than one lijstduwer. How many members on the list can be considered lijstduwer varies. In the more broad definition, candidates who are lower on the list then the number of seats a party is likely to win, are considered lijstduwers.
Well-known national politicians can act as lijstduwer on the list for the European and municipal elections.List of television operas
This is a list of operas specifically written for television performance.NOS stereo technique
The NOS stereo technique is a method of capturing stereo sound.
The Nederlandse Omroep Stichting (NOS, English: Dutch Broadcast Foundation) found a stereo main microphone system by a number of practical attempts in the 1960s. This system resulted in a quite even distribution of the phantom sources (hearing event direction) on the stereo loudspeaker base, with two small cardioid characteristic microphones, and a recording angle of the microphone system of ±40.5° = 81°. This system got empirical an axle angle of α = ±45° = 90° and a microphone distance (microphone basis) of a = 30 cm.
With this system are frequency-independent level differences effective and time of arrival differences working together in the same direction as interchannel signals (interchannel loudspeaker signals). This technique leads to a realistic stereo effect and has a reasonable mono-compatibility. These interchannel differences have nothing to do with interaural differences which come only from artificial head recordings. Even the spacing of a = 30 cm has nothing to do with human ear distance, because a useful microphone system for a set of stereo loudspeakers should be developed and not for ear phones. This recording technology is called mixed stereo or equivalence stereo. Usually this special microphone system must be built up from two single small diaphragm microphones. One should not use double diaphragm microphones because of the produced unbalanced directional characteristics and the larger phase responses. It appears advisable to experiment with the two parameters the axle angle α and the microphone basis a to which there are practical microphone mounting devices.A similar technique is known as the ORTF stereo technique, devised by the French ORTF. With this technique is the angle between the microphone axes α = ± 55° = 110° and the distance between the microphones (microphone basis) is in this case a = 17 cm and gives a total recording angle of 96°. The choice between one and the other depends on the recording angle of the microphone system and not on the distance to and the width of the sound source, the orchestra angle.Nederlandse Programma Stichting
NPS (Nederlandse Programma Stichting) (English: Dutch Programme Foundation) was a Dutch government-funded radio and TV broadcasting foundation.
In the Dutch public broadcasting system, broadcasters – in the Dutch context, listener and viewer associations – do not have their own stations but are allotted time on the three public television and eight public radio networks broadly in relation to the size of their respective memberships. The NPS, however, does not have any members. It was created on April 28, 1994, following a split-up of the responsibilities of the Nederlandse Omroep Stichting (NOS). The NPS took over the NOS's culture, information, minorities and youth programming, allowing the NOS to concentrate on its role of providing impartial news coverage. On September 1, 2010, the NPS merged with Teleac and RVU into NTR.Netherlands in the Eurovision Song Contest 1956
The Netherlands held a national final to select the two entrants that Nederlandse Omroep Stichting (NOS), the Dutch broadcaster, would send to the inaugural Eurovision Song Contest in Lugano, Switzerland. The final was held on 24 April 1956.Netherlands in the Eurovision Song Contest 1988
The Netherlands participated at the Eurovision Song Contest 1988, held in Dublin, Ireland.
After coming 5th at the 1987 contest with "Rechtop in de wind", Dutch broadcaster Nederlandse Omroep Stichting (NOS) internally selected Gerard Joling to sing for the Netherlands at the upcoming contest in Dublin. At the Nationaal Songfestival 1988 was held on 23 March at the Congresgebouw in The Hague. Joling sang all songs in the final.Netherlands in the Eurovision Song Contest 1999
The Netherlands were present at the Eurovision Song Contest 1999, held in Jerusalem, Israel.
Nederlandse Omroep Stichting (NOS), has in past years, held a national final to select their entry. The final was held at the NOS TV Studios in Hilversum, hosted by Paul de Leeuw and Linda de Mol. 10 songs sang in the final and, using a 50/50 jury/televoting method, the winner was decided to be Marleen van den Broek, better known as Marlayne, with the song "One Good reason".Netherlands in the Eurovision Song Contest 2005
The Netherlands were present at the Eurovision Song Contest 2005, held in Kiev, Ukraine.
To select their entry, Nederlandse Omroep Stichting (NOS), the Dutch broadcaster, decided to continue with their format of a televised national selection, consisting of four semi-finals and a final. 24 songs in total competed in these semi-finals, with the top two chosen by televoting and by an expert jury progressed to the final. At the final the winner was decided by 50% televoting and 50% from the different juries, with 30% coming from an expert jury, 10% from an international jury and another 10% coming from the listeners of Dutch radio station Radio 2.
The winner was Glennis Grace with the song "My Impossible Dream".Netherlands in the Eurovision Song Contest 2009
The Netherlands were present at the Eurovision Song Contest 2009 in Moscow, sending their 50th entry. Nederlandse Omroep Stichting (NOS), the Dutch broadcaster, sent De Toppers to Moscow after they were internally selected. The competing song was selected at Nationaal Songfestival contest on 1 February, where "Shine" was announced the winner.Niki Wories
Niki Wories (born 18 June 1996) is a Dutch figure skater. The 2015 Dutch national senior champion, she has won two senior international medals and qualified for the free skate at three ISU Championships.Nuria Juncosa
Nuria Juncosa (born 1952) is a painter, cinematographer and web artist born in Barcelona, Spain.
She studied art at the Circulo de Bellas Artes and photography at the Escuela Oficial de Fotografía in Moratalaz, Madrid.
Worked at the studios of Francisco Baron making sculptures with different techniques and materials: bronze, electrolysis copper and silver, fibreglass, plaster, welding, moulding and other techniques.
During her years in Madrid, she had a number of solo and collective art expositions and followed a lot of dance courses.
In Amsterdam she continued the dance studies and performed in several theatres: Felix Meritis, Ijsbreker, Crea, Melkweg, Openlucht Theatre, and Brakke Grond.
She studied Spanish literature for two years at the UvA University of Amsterdam.
She studied during for years at the Nederlandse Omroep Stichting (NOS, Netherlands Broadcasting Authority) and at MTNL (Multicultural Television Amsterdam, Teaching Department), techniques for TV: screenplay, direction, camera, sound and electronic video editing. In 1987 finished her studies with the direction of the drama production "The secret meeting", (De geheime afspraak), with participated at the International Contest for Film Studies, organized by Cilect at Czechoslovakia.
Attended for another three years Amsterdam College of the Arts; Netherlands Film and Television Academy. Studied screenwriting, drama direction and film editing for movie and TV productions. Also followed several colleges with Roman Polanski.
During a period of seven years worked in a lot of TV productions as producer, screenwriter, director and editor.
Since 1993 she has dedicated most of her time to painting and that culminated in a series of solo and collective Art Expositions.RTL Nieuws
RTL Nieuws is a Dutch television news service produced by RTL Nederland. The national and international news service produces 17 bulletins each weekday and six weekend bulletins for RTL4 and RTL Z, reaching a total audience of about 1.5 million people. With the evening broadcast sometimes reaching over 2 million viewers.
RTL Nieuws' main competitor is NOS Journaal, broadcast by the Nederlandse Omroep Stichting (Dutch Broadcasting Foundation) for public service television and radio. RTL co-operates primarily with the Flemish commercial television channel VTM and RTL Germany for international news coverage.René Leegte
René Willums Leegte (born 8 July 1968 in The Hague) is a Dutch politician and former businessman. As a member of the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy he was a member of the House of Representatives of the Netherlands between 26 October 2010 and 24 March 2015. He focused on matters of natural environment, sustainable development and energy.
In January 2015 Leegte laid down his party spokesmanship for gas winning in Groningen and earthquakes in the region. He did so after having a conversation on the topic and party strategy on it being overheard during a trainride.Leegte resigned as member of the House of Representatives on 24 March 2015 after having had an additional paid job for over a year at an organisation which was subjected to his parliamentary portfolio. Leegte did not enter the job in the register, nor reported the earnings, he also used his parliamentary emailadress for the additional job. Leegte felt this conflicted with the integrity rules of the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy and thus resigned.Tita Tovenaar
Tita Tovenaar or TiTa Tovenaar (translation: Tita the wizard) is a Dutch children's television series, which was produced by the Nederlandse Omroep Stichting and ran between 1972 and 1974. At the time it was popular enough to inspire audio plays and a comic strip. Tita Tovenaar remained popular in repeats and was adapted into a 2005 stage musical. Between 2008 and 2009 it briefly returned to Dutch TV screens in a new version.Wassila Hachchi
Wassila Hachchi (born 6 January 1980) is a Dutch former politician and former civil servant and Royal Netherlands Navy officer. As a member of Democrats 66 (D66) she was an MP from 17 June 2010 until 19 January 2016. She focused on matters of defense, development aid and Kingdom relations.