Nederlandsche vogelen (English: Dutch birds) is a five volume Dutch natural history compendium by Cornelius Nozeman and Christiaan Sepp, published in Amsterdam from 1770. It was published in installments and was finished in 1829. It was the first comprehensive avifauna of the Netherlands (which temporarily included Belgium during 1815 - 1830).
This monumental work was written by Cornelius Nozeman, and after his death by Martinus Houttuyn. The last volume was finished by Jan Sepp, with advice from Coenraad Jacob Temminck. The colored engravings were made by Christiaan Sepp, Jan Christiaan Sepp (his son), and Jan Sepp (his grandson).
Each volume contains 50 images of bird species. Apart from these images, each species is described on a few text pages.
Title page of Volume 1
|Author||Cornelius Nozeman, Martinus Houttuyn, Coenraad Jacob Temminck|
|Publisher||Jan Christiaan Sepp|
Nederlandsche vogelen; volgens hunne huishouding, aert, en eigenschappen beschreeven door NOZEMAN, CORNELIUS. Alle naer 't leeven geheel nieuw en naeuwkeurig getekend, in ' t koper gebragt en natuurlyk gekoleurd door, en onder opzicht van Christiaan Sepp en Zoon. Amsterdam : J.C. Sepp en zoon, 1770.
(English: Dutch birds; with a description by Cornelius Nozeman, according to their housekeeping, nature and properties. Newly drawn after originals, engraved and naturally coloured, by and under supervision of Christiaan Sepp and son.)
Nederlandsche vogelen; volgens hunne huishouding, aert, en eigenschappen beschreeven door CORNELIUS NOZEMAN [...] en verder, na zijn ed. overlyden, door MARTINUS HOUTTUYN. Alle naer ’t leeven geheel nieuw en naeuwkeurig getekend, in ’ t koper gebragt en natuurlyk gekoleurd door, en onder opzicht van Christiaan Sepp en Zoon. Amsterdam : J.C. Sepp en zoon, 1789 / 1797 / 1809 / 1829.
(English: Dutch birds; with a description by Cornelius Nozeman, according to their housekeeping, nature and properties - and after his death by Martinus Houttuyn. Newly drawn after originals, engraved and naturally coloured, by and under supervision of Christiaan Sepp and son.)
Cornelius Nozeman (1720 - 1786) was a Remonstrant vicar. He wrote the texts of Nederlandsche vogelen vol. 1 and a large part of vol. 2. After his death, his work was continued by Martinus Houttuyn (1720 - 1798), who was a physician and biologist. The last volume was put together by the publisher with the help of Coenraad Jacob Temminck (1778 - 1858).
The engravings were made by and under supervision of Christiaan Sepp (c. 1700 - 1775), and later by his son Jan Christiaan Sepp (1739 - 1811) and his grandson Jan Sepp (1778 - 1853).
The works were published by Jan Christiaan Sepp and son. The plates are not signed. It is not always clear who has drawn them.
In 2014 a reprint of Nederlandsche vogelen was published in a cooperation between Lannoo publishers and the Koninklijke Bibliotheek (KB, literally: Royal Library (of the Netherlands)). The 5 volumes were published in one giant book in the original size of 56 x 39,5 cm.
This reprint has an introduction by Marieke van Delft, Esther van Gelder and Alexander Raat. An index completes this book of suitcase-size with a weight of 11 kg. The complete set of 250 images on Wikimedia Commons were donated by the KB in 2015.
Media related to Nederlandsche vogelen van Nozeman en Sepp at Wikimedia Commons
The barn swallow (Hirundo rustica) is the most widespread species of swallow in the world. It is a distinctive passerine bird with blue upperparts and a long, deeply forked tail. It is found in Europe, Asia, Africa and the Americas. In Anglophone Europe it is just called the swallow; in Northern Europe it is the only common species called a "swallow" rather than a "martin".There are six subspecies of barn swallow, which breed across the Northern Hemisphere. Four are strongly migratory, and their wintering grounds cover much of the Southern Hemisphere as far south as central Argentina, the Cape Province of South Africa, and northern Australia. Its huge range means that the barn swallow is not endangered, although there may be local population declines due to specific threats.
The barn swallow is a bird of open country that normally uses man-made structures to breed and consequently has spread with human expansion. It builds a cup nest from mud pellets in barns or similar structures and feeds on insects caught in flight. This species lives in close association with humans, and its insect-eating habits mean that it is tolerated by humans; this acceptance was reinforced in the past by superstitions regarding the bird and its nest. There are frequent cultural references to the barn swallow in literary and religious works due to both its living in close proximity to humans and its annual migration. The barn swallow is the national bird of Estonia.Common blackbird
The common blackbird (Turdus merula) is a species of true thrush. It is also called Eurasian blackbird (especially in North America, to distinguish it from the unrelated New World blackbirds), or simply blackbird where this does not lead to confusion with a similar-looking local species. It breeds in Europe, Asia, and North Africa, and has been introduced to Australia and New Zealand. It has a number of subspecies across its large range; a few of the Asian subspecies are sometimes considered to be full species. Depending on latitude, the common blackbird may be resident, partially migratory, or fully migratory.
The adult male of the nominate subspecies, which is found throughout most of Europe, is all black except for a yellow eye-ring and bill and has a rich, melodious song; the adult female and juvenile have mainly dark brown plumage. This species breeds in woods and gardens, building a neat, mud-lined, cup-shaped nest. It is omnivorous, eating a wide range of insects, earthworms, berries, and fruits.
Both sexes are territorial on the breeding grounds, with distinctive threat displays, but are more gregarious during migration and in wintering areas. Pairs stay in their territory throughout the year where the climate is sufficiently temperate. This common and conspicuous species has given rise to a number of literary and cultural references, frequently related to its song.Cornelius Nozeman
Cornelius Nozeman or Cornelis (15 August 1720– 22 July 1786) was a Dutch Remonstrant churchman and naturalist.Martinus Houttuyn
Maarten Houttuyn or Houttuijn (1720 – 2 May 1798) Latinised as Martinus Houttuyn, was a Dutch naturalist.
Houttuyn was born in Hoorn, studied medicine in Leiden and moved to Amsterdam in 1753. He published many books on natural history. His areas of interest encompassed Pteridophytes, Bryophytes and Spermatophytes. He died in Amsterdam. In botanical nomenclature, the standard author abbreviation Houtt. is applied to plants described by him. He is commemorated by the monotypic genus Houttuynia, a member of the Saururaceae from China and Japan.
Martinus Houttuyn was the co-writer of the volumes 2, 3, 4 and 5 of Nederlandsche Vogelen. The first author was Cornelius Nozeman.Ruff
The ruff (Calidris pugnax) is a medium-sized wading bird that breeds in marshes and wet meadows across northern Eurasia. This highly gregarious sandpiper is migratory and sometimes forms huge flocks in its winter grounds, which include southern and western Europe, Africa, southern Asia and Australia.
The ruff is a long-necked, pot-bellied bird. This species shows marked sexual dimorphism; the male is much larger than the female (the reeve), and has a breeding plumage that includes brightly coloured head tufts, bare orange facial skin, extensive black on the breast, and the large collar of ornamental feathers that inspired this bird's English name. The female and the non-breeding male have grey-brown upperparts and mainly white underparts. Three differently plumaged types of male, including a rare form that mimics the female, use a variety of strategies to obtain mating opportunities at a lek, and the colourful head and neck feathers are erected as part of the elaborate main courting display. The female has one brood per year and lays four eggs in a well-hidden ground nest, incubating the eggs and rearing the chicks, which are mobile soon after hatching, on her own. Predators of wader chicks and eggs include mammals such as foxes, feral cats and stoats, and birds such as large gulls, corvids and skuas.
The ruff forages in wet grassland and soft mud, probing or searching by sight for edible items. It primarily feeds on insects, especially in the breeding season, but it will consume plant material, including rice and maize, on migration and in winter. Classified as "least concern" on the IUCN Red List criteria, the global conservation concerns are relatively low because of the large numbers that breed in Scandinavia and the Arctic. However, the range in much of Europe is contracting because of land drainage, increased fertiliser use, the loss of mown or grazed breeding sites, and over-hunting. This decline has seen it listed in the Agreement on the Conservation of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds (AEWA).Sepp publishing family
Four generations of the Sepp family, publishers and artists were naturalists or entomologists. The Sepp company became famous for the numerous large natural history collections of plates that appeared between 1768 and 1860. They published translations from English, French and German authors on natural history, prints by Petrus Camper, an anatomist, but also some religious songs. Pieter Cramer and Caspar Stoll, also entomologists, had their works published by Sepp.