Neckarsulm

Neckarsulm (German pronunciation: [nɛkarˈzʊlm]) is a city in northern Baden-Württemberg, Germany, near Stuttgart, and part of the district of Heilbronn. As of 2004, Neckarsulm had 27,296 inhabitants.

The rivers Neckar and Sulm join there, hence the name, which is often misunderstood or mispronounced as "Neckars Ulm", an incongruity that would mean the Ulm of the Neckar, as the city of Ulm is well to the east on the Danube at the border between Baden-Wuerttemberg and Bavaria.

Neckarsulm is famous for being ranked first in the German Solarbundesliga (cities beginning at 10,000 inhabitants), a competition in renewable energy installations. Its other fame is that the Neckarsulm-Gundelsheim Weingaertnergenossenschaft (vintner's co-operative) is reputed to be the oldest in Germany; trollinger and lemberger are the principal varieties of grape that are grown.

Neckarsulm
Skyline of Neckarsulm
Coat of arms of Neckarsulm

Coat of arms
Location of Neckarsulm within Heilbronn district
Neckarsulm in HN
Neckarsulm is located in Germany
Neckarsulm
Neckarsulm
Neckarsulm is located in Baden-Württemberg
Neckarsulm
Neckarsulm
Coordinates: 49°11′30.1″N 9°13′28.4″E / 49.191694°N 9.224556°ECoordinates: 49°11′30.1″N 9°13′28.4″E / 49.191694°N 9.224556°E
CountryGermany
StateBaden-Württemberg
Admin. regionStuttgart
DistrictHeilbronn
Subdivisions4
Government
 • MayorSteffen Hertwig (2016)
Area
 • Total24.94 km2 (9.63 sq mi)
Elevation
162 m (531 ft)
Population
 (2017-12-31)[1]
 • Total26,428
 • Density1,100/km2 (2,700/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
74172
Dialling codes07132
Vehicle registrationHN
WebsiteNeckarsulm.de

Buildings and constructions

Mayors and (since 1973) Lord Mayors

  • 1845–1865: Franz Josef Alexander Heinrich Becker
  • 1865–1878: Josef Pecoroni
  • 1878–1885: Johann Nepomuk Kirner
  • 1885–1911: Bernhard Rettenmeier
  • 1911–1913: Heinrich Soller
  • 1913–1941: Johannes Häußler
  • 1942–1945: Oskar Volk
  • 1945–1946: Hermann Greiner
  • 1946–1949: Johannes Häußler (1879–1949)
  • 1949–1955: Erwin Wörner
  • 1955–1967: Hans Hoffmann (1915–2005)
  • 1967–1992: Erhard Klotz (born 1938)
  • 1992–2008: Volker Blust
  • 2008–2016: Joachim Scholz [2]
  • since 2016: Steffen Hertwig

Population development

The numbers are estimates, census results (¹) or data from statistical offices.

Year Inhabitants
1527 ca. 1000
1635 ca. 1400
1756 1544
1810 2050
1849 2576
1. December 1871 2576
1. December 1880 ¹ 2845
1. December 1890 ¹ 3011
1. December 1900 ¹ 3707
1. December 1910 ¹ 5170
16. June 1925 ¹ 6692
16. June 1933 ¹ 7035
Year Inhabitants
17. May 1939 ¹ 8593
December 1945 7559
13. September 1950 ¹ 9319
6. June 1961 ¹ ² 15.299
27. May 1970 ¹ 18.517
31. December 1975 20.112
31. December 1980 21.871
27. May 1987 ¹ 21.534
31. December 1990 22.690
31. December 1995 25.788
31. December 2000 27.408
Year Inhabitants
31. December 2002 27.425
31. December 2004 27.296
31. December 2006 27.246
31. December 2008 26.828
31. December 2010 26.511
31. December 2012 25.754
31. December 2014 25.798
31. December 2015 26.304
31. August 2016 26.749

¹ Census results

² The population increase between 1950 and 1961 comes from the new district Neckarsulm-Amorbach. In this place lived in 1955 around 3.00 people.[3]

Economy

Schwarz Gruppe, owner of Lidl and Kaufland — the largest European grocery chain — has its head office in Neckarsulm.[4] The city was the home of the car manufacturer NSU which was taken over by Volkswagen in 1969 and merged with Auto Union to create Audi. The former NSU factory is now one of Audi's two principal assembly plants in Germany (the other is located in Ingolstadt, Bavaria) – and manufactures the company's larger, high end models such as the Audi A6, A7, and A8, the latter is made in the Audi Aluminium Plant, and Audi's performance subsidiary Audi Sport GmbH (which manufactures the R8) is also located here. The NSU logo on early vehicles stands for the city name Neckarsulm.[5]

[6]

Personality

Freemen

  • 1894: Franz Joseph Maucher (1826–1910) was 35  years chaplain and parish priest in Neckarsulm.
  • 1911: Gottlob Banzhaf (1858–1930) was Kommerzienrat and after the death of his brother Christian Schmidt first director the Neckarsulmer Strickmaschinenfabrik AG from 1884 to 1910.
  • 1930: Ernst Josef Bauer (1881 † in Ludwigsburg) was a teacher and successful author of the home game "Peter Heinrich Merkle, the Löwenwirt of Neckarsulm".
  • 1933: Christian Mergenthaler (1884–1980), NSDAP politician, Prime Minister from 1933 to 1945 of Württemberg. On 27 July 1933 the Neckarsulm council awarded him honorary citizenship. On 28 August 1945, it was deprived him again[7]
  • 1949: Johannes Häußler (1879–1949) was about 30  years with interruption mayor.
  • 2004: Kurt Bauer (born 1934) was 36  years city council, deputy mayor, SPD parliamentary leader, chairman of the SPD local association.
  • 2008: Volker Blust (born 1944) was from 1976 head of the main and personnel office and was elected in 1992 Mayor of Neckarsulm.

Sons and daughters of the town

Simon Molitor portrait
Simon Molitor portrait
August Herold NSU
August Herold memorial plate in the wine yards
  • 1902, 7 August, August Herold, † 8 January 1973 by Neckarsulm; vine growers

Other people connected to the city

  • Wilhelm Ganzhorn (born 1818 in Böblingen, † 1880 in Bad Cannstatt) was in Neckarsulm 1859–1878 senior judge. Ganzhorn was a poet, and was known as the author of the text for the song "In the loveliest meadow" (Im schönsten Wiesengrunde).
Ganzhorn PlaketteNSU
Ganzhorn plaque in Neckarsulm

Sister Cities

City Country Year
Carmaux France France
Bordighera Italy Italy
Grenchen Switzerland Switzerland
Zschopau Germany Germany
Budakeszi Hungary Hungary

Gallery

Neckarsulm-FussgaengerZone-20060922-1

Main street "Marktstraße"

Neckarsulm Loewengasse1

Old House of Neckarsulm

Neckarsulm Stadtkirche

Church "St. Dionysius"

Neckarsulm Zweiradmuseum

Old Castle of the Teutonic Knights "Deutschordensschloss"

Neckarsulm Weinberge

Vineyards on mountain "Scheuerberg"

References

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung nach Nationalität und Geschlecht am 31. Dezember 2017". Statistisches Landesamt Baden-Württemberg (in German). 2018.
  2. ^ Andreas Bracht: OB Joachim Scholz wird in sein Amt eingesetzt. Presse-Information der Stadt Neckarsulm vom 27. Oktober 2008.
  3. ^ Bernd Friedel: 50 Jahre Amorbach. Neckarsulm 2005, pp. 6–16.
  4. ^ "Impressum Archived 27 July 2014 at the Wayback Machine." Lidl. Retrieved on 28 September 2012. "Adresse: Lidl Stiftung & Co. KG Stiftsbergstraße 1 74167 Neckarsulm "
  5. ^ "Die NSU-Firmengeschichte". Retrieved 1 January 2016.
  6. ^ Wilson, Hugo (1995). "The Directory of Motorcycles". The Encyclopedia of the Motorcycle. London: Dorling Kindersley. p. 245. ISBN 0-7513-0206-6. Around 1890 Neckarsulm Strickmaschinen – "knitting machine" – Union began making bicycles.
  7. ^ Anton Heyler: Neckarsulm im Auf und Ab eines halben Jahrhunderts. (s. Literatur), pp. 58 and 92.

External links

Audi 50

The Audi 50 (known internally as the Typ 86) is a supermini economy car produced by German automaker Audi from 1974 to 1978, and sold only in Europe. Introduced two or three years after the Italian Fiat 127 and the French Renault 5, the model was seen at the time as Germany's first home grown entrant in Europe's emerging "supermini" class.The Audi 50 was built by Audi NSU Auto Union AG at the former NSU factory in Neckarsulm, Germany and at the giant Wolfsburg plant by Volkswagen. The car was rebadged six weeks later by Volkswagen as the Volkswagen Polo with a wider range of engine and other options. The Volkswagen Polo was launched in the home market in September 1974 and appeared in export markets, including the United Kingdom, a few months later.

The car was offered as a three door hatchback with a 1,093 cc (66.7 cu in) petrol engine, producing either 37 kW (50 PS; 50 bhp) or 44 kW (60 PS; 59 bhp) for the LS and GL models, respectively. The model was popular in Europe, both because of its generous specifications for a car of the time, and on account of its relatively low price. The Volkswagen and Audi badged models were sold alongside each other for three years until 1978, but the cheaper Volkswagen Polo outsold the Audi 50 almost immediately, and Audi discontinued the Audi 50 in 1978, after a total production of 180,812 units. A planned facelift, which would have given the Audi 50 a look closer to that of the Audi 100 and Audi 80 was never implemented, because of a holding company board decision that the Audi brand should concentrate on larger, more expensive cars.

The Volkswagen Polo range continued to evolve, with the Volkswagen Derby notchback version, despite being developed by Audi at Ingolstadt, branded as a Volkswagen and launched in 1977. Subsequently, the Volkswagen Polo has evolved through numerous generations to the present day.

The Audi 50 had no replacement in the supermini class, until the launch of the significantly larger Audi A2 in November 1999, which was also discontinued in August 2005.

In August 2010, the Audi 50 was spiritually succeeded by the Audi A1.

Audi R8

The Audi R8 is a mid-engine, 2-seater sports car, which uses Audi's trademark quattro permanent all-wheel drive system. It was introduced by the German car manufacturer Audi AG in 2006.

The car is exclusively designed, developed, and manufactured by Audi AG's private subsidiary company manufacturing high performance automotive parts, Audi Sport GmbH (formerly quattro GmbH), and is based on the Lamborghini Gallardo and presently the Huracán platform. The fundamental construction of the R8 is based on the Audi Space Frame, and uses an aluminium monocoque which is built using space frame principles. The car is built by Audi Sport GmbH in a newly renovated factory at Audi's 'aluminium site' at Neckarsulm in Germany.It is also the first production car with full-LED headlamps.

Audi S5

The Audi S5 is the high-performance variant of Audi's A5. It is also the coupé, cabriolet, and five-door fastback versions of the fourth-generation (B8) Audi S4 saloon and estate models.

Like all Audi "S" cars, they are only available as standard with Audi's quattro four-wheel drive (4WD) system, here in S5 using a Torsen-based centre diff system.Most versions of the S5 are manufactured at Audi's plant in Ingolstadt, Germany; they are available as a coupé, cabriolet, and five-door sportback, which was previously not available in North America until the 2018 model year, which was released in the United States in mid 2017. The cabriolets are built at Audi's factory in Neckarsulm, Germany. The Chassis in an S5 and A5 are different.

Audi S8

Audi S8 is a full-size, luxury car of the special Audi S models produced by the German concern Audi AG, Audi Sport GmbH in the city of Neckarsulm.

Audi Sport GmbH

Audi Sport GmbH, formerly known as quattro GmbH, is a wholly owned private subsidiary of Audi, a division of the Volkswagen Group.

Founded in October 1983 as quattro GmbH, it primarily specialises in producing high performance Audi cars and components, along with purchaser specified customisations. The company's former name was an homage to Audi's original four-wheel drive rally-inspired road car—the Audi Quattro. In 2016, the company was renamed Audi Sport GmbH.It is located in a 3,500 square metres (37,670 sq ft) site at Neckarsulm, near Stuttgart, in the German State of Baden-Württemberg. With over twenty years experience, their own development and manufacturing factories are based within the larger 10,700 square metres (115,170 sq ft) site of the now defunct German automotive maker (and Wankel pistonless rotary engine pioneer) NSU Motorenwerke AG (NSU), on what is now known as Audi's "aluminium plant", or aluminium site.

Although "quattro GmbH" as a company may be relatively unknown, compared to its parent, Audi, its core products include the Audi RS4, the Audi RS6 and the Audi R8. Furthermore, it is a 'closed company', in that it does not sell its automobiles directly to the public via franchised outlets under its own brand name; instead, they are sold under the Audi marque. However, it does now sell 'quattro GmbH' branded lifestyle products and accessories via Audi franchised outlets and Audi Forum such as that located in the Allianz Arena on the northern outskirts of Munich, Germany.

August Herold

August Karl Herold (August 7, 1902 in Neckarsulm – January 8, 1973 in Neckarsulm) was a German grape breeder.

Herold graduated from the Agricultural College Hohenheim in 1925, worked at a grape breeding station in Naumburg 1926–1928 and in 1928 became the head of a grape breeding station in Weinsberg, which during his early years was called Württembergischen Anstalt für Rebenzüchtung und Rebenpfropfung and from 1947 Staatliche Lehr- und Versuchsanstalt für Wein- und Obstbau Weinsberg (LVWO). During the years 1941–1948 Herold was first called up for military service during World War II and then ended up as a prisoner of war of the Soviet Union. After coming home in 1948, he resumed his duties in Weinsberg and stayed on this post until retirement at the end of 1964.Herold's main contributions to viticulture was a scientifically based grape breeding programme in Weinsberg, which produced several much-cultivated grape varieties. Among the varieties bred by him are Helfensteiner, Heroldrebe (named after him), Dornfelder and Kerner.

Bechtle

Bechtle AG is the largest IT system house in Germany with 70 locations in the D-A-CH region and trading companies in 14 European countries. The business model combines IT services with the direct sale of IT products. The focus is on trading in hardware and software as well as the operation and maintenance of IT infrastructure for industrial customers and public-sector clients. In 2018, the company generated revenues amounting to €4.3 billion. A survey conducted by German industry publications Computerwoche and ChannelPartner ranks Bechtle as the largest B2B IT service provider by revenue in Germany.The Bechtle Group is headquartered in Neckarsulm, Baden-Württemberg, and organised into multiple parent and holding companies. In 2018, Bechtle has counted a total of over 10,000 employees.

Deutsches Zweirad- und NSU-Museum

The Deutsches Zweirad- und NSU-Museum in Neckarsulm, Germany has a collection of historic motorcycles and bicycles in a five-story split-level building dating to 13th Century. Motorcycles representing 50 manufacturers are displayed, including a reproduction of the 1885 Daimler Einspur, the first gasoline, internal combustion motorcycle, and an 1894 Hildebrand & Wolfmüller, the first production motorcycle. There is also an exhibit of NSU Motorenwerke AG vehicles.

Heilbronn (district)

Landkreis Heilbronn (German pronunciation: [haɪlˈbʁɔn] (listen)) is a Landkreis (district) in the north of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. Neighboring districts are (from north clockwise) Neckar-Odenwald, Hohenlohe, Schwäbisch Hall, Rems-Murr, Ludwigsburg, Enz, Karlsruhe and Rhein-Neckar. In the centre of it is the free-city of Heilbronn, which is its own separate administrative area.

Heilbronn Hauptbahnhof

Heilbronn Hauptbahnhof (listen) is the main passenger railway station in Heilbronn in the German state of Baden-Württemberg.

Heilbronn Stadtbahn

The Heilbronn Stadtbahn is a three line tram-train system in city of Heilbronn in the German state of Baden-Württemberg. It is based on the Karlsruhe model and operated jointly by the Albtal-Verkehrs-Gesellschaft (AVG), the Stadtwerke Heilbronn (SWH) and Deutsche Bahn AG (DB). It operates on normal railways under the Eisenbahn-Bau- und Betriebsordnung (Ordinance on the Construction and Operation of Railways, EBO) and within Heilbronn under the Verordnung über den Bau und Betrieb der Straßenbahnen (Ordinance on the Construction and Operation of Street Railways, BOStrab).

The oldest line of the system, the S4, was an extension of an existing line that had been operated by the Karlsruhe Stadtbahn since 1992. It was extended in 1999 from Eppingen to Heilbronn and since 2001 it has continued over the new Heilbronn inner-city line (Heilbronner Innenstadtstrecke). In 2005, the line was extended to Öhringen, which is integrated into the Heilbronner Hohenloher Haller Nahverkehr ("Heilbronn Hohenlohe Hall local transport", HNV), a transport association (Verkehrsverbund) that is responsible for coordinating fares and transport investment. In 2013, the new S42 service was opened to Neckarsulm. Since 2014, this service has continued via Bad Friedrichshall to Sinsheim, while the new S41 service also runs via Bad Friedrichshall to Mosbach.

Kaufland

Kaufland [ˈkaʊ̯flant] is a German hypermarket chain, part of the Schwarz Gruppe which also owns Lidl and Handelshof. It opened its first store in 1984 in Neckarsulm and quickly expanded to become a leader in what was formerly East Germany. The chain operates over 1,200 stores in Germany, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Poland, Romania, Bulgaria and Croatia. Kaufland plans to open stores in Australia, and Moldova.

Lidl

Lidl Stiftung & Co. KG (German pronunciation: [ˈliːdl̩]; UK: LID-əl) is a German global discount supermarket chain, based in Neckarsulm, Germany, that operates over 10,000 stores across Europe and the United States. It belongs to Dieter Schwarz, who also owns the store chains Handelshof and hypermarket Kaufland.

Lidl is the chief competitor of a similar German discount chain Aldi in several markets, including the United States. There are Lidl stores in every member state of the European Union, except Latvia and Estonia. Lidl stores are also present in Switzerland, Serbia and United States.

NSU Motorenwerke

NSU Motorenwerke AG, or NSU, was a German manufacturer of automobiles, motorcycles and pedal cycles, founded in 1873. Acquired by Volkswagen Group in 1969, VW merged NSU with Auto Union, creating Audi NSU Auto Union AG, ultimately Audi. The name NSU originated as an abbreviation of "Neckarsulm", the city where NSU was located.

Neckarsulm station

Neckarsulm station is a railway station in the municipality of Neckarsulm, located in the Heilbronn district in Baden-Württemberg, Germany.

Neckarsulmer SU

Neckarsulmer SU is a German sports club rom the town of Neckarsulm, Baden-Württemberg. The footballclub greatest success has been promotion to the tier five Oberliga Baden-Württemberg in 2016 and participation in the first round of the 2013–14 DFB-Pokal.

The club also has, among many others, a rugby union department, with the team playing in the 2. Rugby-Bundesliga since 2012.

The women's handball team played in the Bundesliga.

Rheinmetall Automotive

Rheinmetall Automotive (formerly KSPG and Kolbenschmidt Pierburg) is the Automotive sector of the parent group Rheinmetall. The company emerged in 1997 through the merger of KS Kolbenschmidt GmbH, Neckarsulm, and Pierburg GmbH, Neuss. Hence, at its various traditional locations the company is commonly known as Kolbenschmidt or Pierburg. 40 production plants in Europe, the Americas, Japan, India and China employ a total workforce of around 11,000. Products are developed in cooperation with international auto manufacturers. Rheinmetall Automotive ranks among the 100 biggest auto industry suppliers worldwide and is an important partner to the industry for such products as exhaust gas recirculation systems, secondary-air systems, coolant pumps, and pistons for car gasoline engines and as well as for the commercial vehicle sector.

Schwarz Gruppe

Schwarz Gruppe is a private family-owned German retail group that owns and operates the Lidl and Kaufland brands. It is the fourth-largest retailer in the world by revenue.

Sulm (Germany)

The Sulm is a river in the Heilbronn district of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It is an unnavigable right tributary of the Neckar. It rises in the Löwenstein Mountains and after 26.3 kilometres (16.3 mi) distance and 315 metres (1,033 ft) elevation drop flows into the Neckar at Bad Friedrichshall, near Untereisesheim and Neckarsulm. Its valley together with its tributary valleys is also known as the Weinsberg Valley (Weinsberger Tal), after Weinsberg, which is located there. The medieval region of Sulmgau, as well as the city of Neckarsulm, were named for it. The upper valley of the Sulm is a protected area.

Towns and municipalities in Heilbronn (district)

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