Navy blue

Navy blue is a very dark shade of the color blue.

French sailor, 1880s
French sailor in dark blue uniform

Navy blue got its name from the dark blue (contrasted with white) worn by officers in the British Royal Navy since 1748 and subsequently adopted by other navies around the world. When this color name, taken from the usual color of the uniforms of sailors, originally came into use in the early 19th century, it was initially called marine blue, but the name of the color soon changed to navy blue.[2]

An early use of navy blue as a color name in English was in 1840[3] though the Oxford English Dictionary has a citation from 1813.

In practice, actual blue uniforms of the United States Navy and other navies have become outright black in color, in order to combat fading.

Navy blue
    Color coordinates
Hex triplet#000080
sRGBB  (rgb)(0, 0, 128)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(100, 98, 14, 17)
HSV       (h, s, v)(240°, 100%, 50%)
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)


Bright navy blue

Navy blue (Crayola)
    Color coordinates
Hex triplet#1974D2
sRGBB  (rgb)(25, 116, 210)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(88, 45, 0, 18)
HSV       (h, s, v)(210°, 88%, 82[4]%)
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

At right is displayed the color bright navy blue. This is the bright tone called "navy blue" by Crayola.

This tone of navy blue was formulated as a Crayola color in 1958.

Indigo dye

Indigo dye
    Color coordinates
Hex triplet#091F92
sRGBB  (rgb)(9, 31, 146)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(100, 80, 0, 0)
HSV       (h, s, v)(230°, 94%, 57%)
SourceGallego and Sanz[5]
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Indigo dye is the color that is called Añil (the Spanish word for "indigo dye") in the Guía de coloraciones (Guide to colorations) by Rosa Gallego and Juan Carlos Sanz, a color dictionary published in 2005 that is widely popular in the Hispanophone realm.

Indigo dye is the basis for all the historical navy blue colors, since in the 18th, 19th, and early 20th century, almost all navy uniforms were made by dyeing them with various shades of indigo dye.


    Color coordinates
Hex triplet#2B2E43
sRGBB  (rgb)(43, 46, 67)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(36, 31, 0, 74)
HSV       (h, s, v)(232°, 36%, 26[6]%)
SourcePantone TCX
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Displayed at the right is the color Peacoat, a dark shade of navy blue.

The source of this color is the "Pantone Textile Cotton eXtended (TCX)" color list, color #19-3920 TCX—Peacoat.

Purple navy

Purple navy
    Color coordinates
Hex triplet#4E5180
sRGBB  (rgb)(78, 81, 128)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(39, 37, 0, 50)
HSV       (h, s, v)(236°, 39%, 50[7]%)
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

At right is displayed the color purple navy.

Purple navy is a color that has been used by some navies. "Purple navy" in this color terminology usage is regarded as a shade of indigo, a color which can be regarded as a tone of purple when using the common English definition of purple, i.e., a color between blue and red.

The first recorded use of purple navy as a color name in English was in 1926.[8]

The source of this color is Dictionary of Color Names (1955).[9]

Persian indigo

Persian indigo
    Color coordinates
Hex triplet#32127A
sRGBB  (rgb)(50, 18, 122)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(96, 100, 16, 11)
HSV       (h, s, v)(258°, 85%, 48%)
Source[1]/Maerz and Paul[10]
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

The color Persian indigo is displayed at right. Another name for this color (seldom used nowadays) is regimental, because in the 19th century it was commonly used by many nations for navy uniforms.

The first recorded use of regimental (the original name for the color now called Persian indigo) as a color name in English was in 1912.[11]

Space cadet

Space cadet
    Color coordinates
Hex triplet#1D2951
sRGBB  (rgb)(29, 41, 81)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(64, 49, 0, 68)
HSV       (h, s, v)(226°, 64%, 32[12]%)
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Displayed at right is the color space cadet.

Space cadet is one of the colors on the Resene Color List,[13] a color list widely popular in Australia and New Zealand. The color was formulated in 2007.

This color is apparently a formulation of an impression of the color that cadets in space navy training would wear.

In culture


Navy Blue (HTML)
    Color coordinates
Hex triplet#000080
  • The color navy was one of the original 16 HTML/CSS colors initially formulated for standardized computer display in the late 1980s.




Navy blue is used by numerous professional and collegiate sports teams:

Association football
Australian Football League
Major League Baseball
National Basketball Association
National Football League
National Hockey League
National Rugby League
American Collegiate Teams

See also


  1. ^ "CSS Color Module Level 3".
  2. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York: 1930 McGraw-Hill Page 168 Discussion of color navy blue
  3. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 103; Color Sample of Navy blue: Page 131 Plate 40 Color Sample E11
  4. ^ Forret, Peter. "RGB color converter -". Retrieved 30 October 2016.
  5. ^ Gallego, Rosa; Sanz, Juan Carlos (2005). Guía de coloraciones (Gallego, Rosa; Sanz, Juan Carlos (2005). Guide to Colorations) Madrid: H. Blume. ISBN 84-89840-31-8
  6. ^ Forret, Peter. "RGB color converter -". Retrieved 30 October 2016.
  7. ^ Forret, Peter. "RGB color converter -". Retrieved 30 October 2016.
  8. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 202; Color Sample of Purple Navy: Page 115 Plate 46 Color Sample F12
  9. ^ Foster, John C. "Retsof online version of ISCC-NBS Dictionary of Colo(u)r Names - Oa through Oz". Retrieved 30 October 2016.
  10. ^ The color displayed in the color box above matches the color called regimental in the 1930 book by Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill; the color regimental is displayed on page 117, Plate 47, Color Sample C10.
  11. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 203 (it is also stated under the entry on Persian Blue on page 201 that the color on Plate 47 Color Sample C10 (regimental) is a [darker] tone of Persian blue.); color sample of Regimental: Page 117 Plate 47 Color Sample C10
  12. ^ Forret, Peter. "RGB color converter -". Retrieved 30 October 2016.
  13. ^ Resene Color List
  14. ^ "Canadian Forces Dress Instructions" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 March 2009.
  15. ^ "Diane Renay". Retrieved 30 October 2016.
Blue Angels

The Blue Angels is the United States Navy's flight demonstration squadron which was initially formed in 1946, making it the second oldest formal aerobatic team (under the same name) in the world, after the French Patrouille de France formed in 1931. The Blue Angels' McDonnell Douglas F/A-18 Hornets (numbered 1–6) are currently flown by five Navy demonstration pilots and one Marine Corps demonstration pilot.

The Blue Angels typically perform aerial displays annually in at least 60 shows at 30 locations throughout the United States and 2 shows at one location in Canada. The "Blues" still employ many of the same practices and techniques used in the inaugural 1946 season. An estimated 11 million spectators view the squadron during air shows from March through November each year. Members of the Blue Angels team also visit more than 50,000 people in schools, hospitals, and community functions at air show cities. Since 1946, the Blue Angels have flown for more than 505 million spectators.As of November 2011, the Blue Angels received $37 million annually out of the annual DoD budget.

Denver Broncos

The Denver Broncos are a professional American football franchise based in Denver, Colorado. The Broncos compete as a member club of the National Football League (NFL)'s American Football Conference (AFC) West division. The team began play in 1960 as a charter member of the American Football League (AFL) and joined the NFL as part of the merger in 1970. The Broncos are owned by the Pat Bowlen trust and currently play home games at Broncos Stadium at Mile High (formerly known as Invesco Field at Mile High from 2001–2010 and Sports Authority Field at Mile High from 2011–2017). Prior to that, they played at Mile High Stadium from 1960 to 2000.

The Broncos were barely competitive during their 10-year run in the AFL and their first seven years in the NFL. They did not complete a winning season until 1973. In 1977, four years later, they qualified for the playoffs for the first time in franchise history and advanced to Super Bowl XII. Since 1975, the Broncos have become one of the NFL's most successful teams, having suffered only seven losing seasons. They have won eight AFC Championships (1977, 1986, 1987, 1989, 1997, 1998, 2013, 2015), and three Super Bowl championships (1997 (XXXII), 1998 (XXXIII), 2015 (50)), and share the NFL record for most Super Bowl losses (5 — tied with the New England Patriots). Twelve players who have played for Denver are enshrined in the Pro Football Hall of Fame: John Elway, Floyd Little, Shannon Sharpe, Gary Zimmerman, Willie Brown, Tony Dorsett, Jerry Rice, Andre Reed, Terrell Davis, Brian Dawkins, Ty Law and Champ Bailey, along with Broncos late owner Pat Bowlen.

Denver Nuggets

The Denver Nuggets are an American professional basketball team based in Denver, Colorado. The Nuggets compete in the National Basketball Association (NBA) as a member club of the league's Western Conference Northwest Division. The team was founded as the Denver Larks in 1967 as a charter franchise of the American Basketball Association (ABA), but changed its name to Rockets before the first season. It changed its name again to the Nuggets in 1974. After the name change, the Nuggets played for the final ABA Championship title in 1976, losing to the New York Nets.

The team has had some periods of success, qualifying for the ABA Playoffs for all seasons from 1967 to the 1976 ABA playoffs where it lost in the finals. The team joined the NBA in 1976 after the ABA–NBA merger and qualified for the NBA playoffs in nine consecutive seasons in the 1980s and ten consecutive seasons from 2004 to 2013. However, it has not made an appearance in a championship round since its last year in the ABA. The Nuggets play their home games at Pepsi Center, which they share with the Colorado Avalanche of the National Hockey League (NHL) and the Colorado Mammoth of the National Lacrosse League (NLL).

Harrisburg Senators

The Harrisburg Senators are a Minor League Baseball team of the Eastern League and the Double-A affiliate of the Washington Nationals. They are located in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, and play their home games at FNB Field, located on City Island in Harrisburg, which opened in 1987 and has a seating capacity of 6,187 people.

The "Senators" nickname refers to the host city being the state's capital and thus home of the Pennsylvania legislature. The team colors are red, navy blue, gold, and white, the same colors of the parent club, the Washington Nationals.

Harrisburg has won nine Eastern League titles and is the first team in league history to win four titles in a row: 1987, 1993, 1996, 1997, 1998, and 1999. The 1993 Senators were recognized as one of the 100 greatest minor league teams of all time.

Johnstone F.C.

Johnstone Football Club was a football club based at Newfield Park in Johnstone, Renfrewshire in Scotland. The club was a member of the Scottish Football League in two spells between 1912 and 1926.

Lebanese passport

The passport of the Republic of Lebanon (Arabic: جواز سفر الجمهورية اللبنانية‎) (French: Passeport de la république libanaise) is a passport issued to the citizens of the Republic of Lebanon. It is issued exclusively by the Lebanese Directorate General of General Security (DGGS), and can also be issued at various Lebanese diplomatic missions and/or consulates outside the Republic of Lebanon. It allows the bearer a freedom of living in the Republic of Lebanon without any immigration requirements, participate in the Lebanese political system, entry to and exit from the Republic of Lebanon through any port, travel to and from other countries in accordance with visa requirements, facilitates the process of securing consular assistance abroad from the diplomatic missions and consulates of the Republic of Lebanon if necessary, and requests protection for the bearer while abroad.

Lebanese passport booklets are valid for travel by Lebanese citizens anywhere in the world to countries with which the government of the Republic of Lebanon maintains diplomatic ties although travel to certain countries and/or for certain purposes may require a visa and the Republic of Lebanon itself restricts its citizens from traveling to or engaging in commercial transactions in certain countries against the internal and external safety of the republic. They conform with recommended standards (i.e., size, composition, layout, technology) of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO).By law, a valid unexpired Lebanese passport or Identity card (Arabic: بطاقة الهوية (transl. Bitakat Al Hawiya); French: Carte d'identité) is conclusive (and not just prima facie) proof of Lebanese citizenship, and has the same force and effect as proof of Lebanese citizenship as certificates of naturalization or of citizenship, if issued to a Lebanese citizen for the full period allowed by law. The Lebanese law does not prohibit Lebanese citizens from holding passports of other countries, though they are required to use their Lebanese passport to enter and leave the country. An expired Lebanese passport can still be used to return to the Republic of Lebanon at any port and port personnel are obliged by law to allow the passage of the bearer without any delay or hindrance. Lebanese passports are property of the Republic of Lebanon and must be returned to the Lebanese Government upon demand.

The French state-run printing firm, Imprimerie Nationale carries on the official printing works of both the Lebanese and French governments.As of January 10, 2016, The Lebanese Directorate General of General Security (DGGS) has stopped renewing passports with handwritten notes and started issuing new ones instead. This move is intended for the introduction of the new Lebanese Biometric Passport on August 1, 2016. As of August 1, 2016 all passports being issued by the Lebanese Directorate General of General Security (DGGS) are Biometric and hold the biometric passport symbol . Non-biometric passports are valid until their expiry dates.

Milwaukee Brewers

The Milwaukee Brewers are an American professional baseball team based in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. The Brewers compete in Major League Baseball (MLB) as a member club of the National League (NL) Central division. The team is named for the city's association with the brewing industry. Since 2001, the Brewers have played their home games at Miller Park, which has a seating capacity of 41,900.

The team was founded in 1969 as the Seattle Pilots, an expansion team of the American League (AL), in Seattle, Washington. The Pilots played their home games at Sick's Stadium. After only one season, the team relocated to Milwaukee, becoming known as the Brewers and playing their home games at Milwaukee County Stadium. In 1998, the Brewers joined the National League. They are the only franchise to play in four divisions since the advent of divisional play in Major League Baseball in 1969. They are also one of two current MLB franchises to switch leagues in their history, the other one being the Houston Astros.

The team's only World Series appearance came in 1982. After winning the ALCS against the California Angels, the Brewers faced off against the St. Louis Cardinals in the World Series, losing 4–3. In 2011, the Brewers defeated the Arizona Diamondbacks to win the NLDS 3–2, but lost in the NLCS to the eventual World Series champion Cardinals 4–2. In 2018, the Brewers swept the Colorado Rockies in the NLDS 3–0, but lost in the NLCS to the Los Angeles Dodgers 4–3.

Navy Blue (pigeon)

Navy Blue was a pigeon who received the Dickin Medal in 1945 from the People's Dispensary for Sick Animals for bravery in service during the Second World War.

Navy Blue and Gold (film)

Navy Blue and Gold is a 1937 American Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer dramatic film starring Robert Young, James Stewart and Lionel Barrymore. The plot revolves around the experiences of three young men attending the United States Naval Academy.


A paletot is a French topcoat etymologically derived from the Middle English word paltok, meaning a kind of jacket. It is a semi-fitted to fitted coat with peaked lapels, a flat back and no belt. Its double-breasted 6×2 button arrangement has top buttons placed wider, and they are not buttoned.A paletot is often made of flannel or tweed in charcoal or navy blue.

Quad City Air Show

The Quad City Airshow is an annual event at the Davenport Municipal Airport in Davenport, Iowa and is the largest airshow in the state of Iowa.

Québec Capitales

The Québec Capitales (French: Les Capitales de Québec) are a professional baseball team based in Quebec City, Quebec, Canada. The Capitales are a member of the Canadian-American Association of Professional Baseball (a.k.a. CanAm League), which is not affiliated with Major League Baseball. Since the 1999 season to the present, the Capitales have played their home games at Stade Canac.

The team was established in 1999 as a member of the independent Northern League. Their mascot is Capi the Lion.

Royal Fleet Auxiliary

The Royal Fleet Auxiliary (RFA) is a naval auxiliary fleet owned by the United Kingdom's Ministry of Defence and is one of the five fighting arms of the Royal Navy. Its purpose is to support the Royal Navy to maintain operations around the world. Its primary role is to supply the Royal Navy with fuel, ammunition and supplies, normally by replenishment at sea (RAS). It also transports Army and Royal Marine personnel, as well as supporting training exercises, and engaging in anti-piracy, anti-drug smuggling, and humanitarian operations.

The RFA counts an Aviation Training ship/Hospital Ship and landing vessels amongst its assets. RFA personnel are employees of the Ministry of Defence, and since 2003, special members of the Royal Naval Reserve deemed sponsored reserves, which are civilians who must be part of the Armed Forces in some capacity, in order to carry out specialist civilian jobs in a military capacity. Although RFA officers wear Merchant Navy rank insignia with naval uniforms, they are classed as a part of the naval service and are under naval discipline when the vessel is engaged on warlike operations. RFA vessels are commanded and crewed by these officers and ratings, augmented with regular and reserve Royal Navy personnel to perform specialised military functions such as operating and maintaining helicopters or providing hospital facilities. Royal Navy personnel are also needed to operate certain weapons, such as the Phalanx, however other weapons (such as the GPMG, Oerlikon 20 mm cannon, 30mm cannon and the 7.62 minigun) are operated by RFA personnel.

Seaman apprentice

Seaman apprentice is the second lowest enlisted rate in the U.S. Navy, U.S. Coast Guard, and the U.S. Naval Sea Cadet Corps just above seaman recruit and below seaman; this rank was formerly known as seaman second class.

The actual title for an E-2 in the U.S. Navy varies based on the community to which the sailor belongs. Likewise, the color of their group rate marks also depends on their community.

Those in the general deck and administrative community are seamen apprentice. They wear white stripes on navy blue uniforms, and navy blue (black) stripes on white uniforms.

Hospital corpsmen are hospitalmen apprentice. They are the only rate in this community. They wear white stripes on navy blue uniforms, and navy blue stripes on white uniforms.

Those in the engineering and hull community are called firemen apprentice and wear red stripes on both navy blue and white uniforms.

Those in the aviation community are called airmen apprentice and wear green stripes on both navy blue and white uniforms.

Seabees are called constructionmen apprentice and wear light blue stripes on both navy blue and white uniforms.No stripes are worn on the working uniforms - coveralls or utilities.

In October 2005, the dental technician rating was merged with the hospital corpsman rating, eliminating the dentalman apprentice title. Those who once held the rank of dentalman apprentice have instead become hospitalman apprentices.

Sailors who have completed the requirements to be assigned a rating and have been accepted by the Bureau of Naval Personnel as holding that rating (a process called "striking") are called designated strikers, and are called by their full rate and rating in formal communications (i.e., "machinist's mate fireman apprentice", as opposed to simply "fireman apprentice"), though the rating is often left off in informal communication. Those who have not officially been assigned to a rating are officially referred to as "undesignated" or "non-rates."

Shades of blue

Varieties of the color blue may differ in hue, chroma (also called saturation, intensity, or colorfulness), or lightness (or value, tone, or brightness), or in two or three of these qualities. Variations in value are also called tints and shades, a tint being a blue or other hue mixed with white, a shade being mixed with black. A large selection of these various colors is shown below.

Somerset Patriots

The Somerset Patriots are an American professional baseball team based in Bridgewater Township, New Jersey. They are a member of the Liberty Division of the Atlantic League of Professional Baseball, which is not affiliated with Major League Baseball. From the 1999 season to the present, the Patriots have played their home games at TD Bank Ballpark.

The Patriots are the winningest franchise of the Atlantic League, capturing six Championship Series titles in 2001, 2003, 2005, 2008, 2009, and most recently, 2015. Their most recent playoff appearance was in 2018 when they lost in the Semifinals against the Long Island Ducks.

The "Patriots" name refers to the Middlebrook encampment where the first official flag of the United States was unfurled, after a law to adopt a national flag had been passed by Congress on June 14, 1777. By special order of Congress, a 13-star flag is flown 24 hours a day at the Washington Camp Ground, part of the former Middlebrook encampment, in Bridgewater Township.

Tennessee Titans

The Tennessee Titans are a professional American football team based in Nashville, Tennessee. The Titans compete in the National Football League (NFL) as a member club of the American Football Conference (AFC) South division. Previously known as the Houston Oilers, the team began play in 1960 in Houston, Texas, as a charter member of the American Football League (AFL). The Oilers won the first two AFL Championships, and joined the NFL as part of the AFL–NFL merger in 1970.

The team relocated from Houston to Tennessee in 1997, and played at the Liberty Bowl Memorial Stadium in Memphis for one season. The team then moved to Nashville in 1998 and played in Vanderbilt Stadium. For those two years, they were known as the "Tennessee Oilers", but changed their name to "Tennessee Titans" for the 1999 season. The team currently plays at Nissan Stadium in Nashville, which opened in 1999 as Adelphia Coliseum. The Titans' training facility is at Saint Thomas Sports Park, a 31-acre (13 ha) site at the MetroCenter complex in Nashville.The team has appeared once in the Super Bowl (XXXIV), the same year they changed their name to "Titans", and in which they lost to the St. Louis Rams.

Vehicle registration plates of Pennsylvania

The U.S. state of Pennsylvania first required its residents to register their motor vehicles in 1903. Registrants provided their own license plates for display until 1906, when the state began to issue plates.Only rear license plates are required on all vehicles in Pennsylvania, except on press photographer and official-use vehicles.

Williamsport Crosscutters

The Williamsport Crosscutters are a Class A-Short Season Minor League Baseball team based in Williamsport, Pennsylvania, in the United States. They are a Philadelphia Phillies affiliate in the short-season New York–Penn League, playing their home games at BB&T Ballpark at Historic Bowman Field, the second oldest minor league ballpark in the United States.

Color topics
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