Naval ranks and insignia of the Russian Federation

The Navy of the Russian Federation inherited the ranks of the Soviet Navy, although the insignia and uniform were slightly altered. The navy predominantly uses naval-style ranks but also uses army-style ranks for some specialisations, including naval aviation, marine infantry, medical and legal.

Ranks and insignia - naval services

Officers

The following table of navy ranks illustrates those of the Russian Federation. The English translation is given first, followed by the rank in Russian.

Commissioned officers of the Russian Navy[1]
Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) and student officer
Shoulder insignia[Note 1] Russia-Navy-OF-9-2013.svg Russia-Navy-OF-8-2010.svg Russia-Navy-OF-7-2010.svg Russia-Navy-OF-6-2010.svg Russia-Navy-OF-5-2010.svg Russia-Navy-OF-4-2010.svg Russia-Navy-OF-3-2010.svg Russia-Navy-OF-2-2010.svg Russia-Navy-OF-1c-2010.svg Russia-Navy-OF-1b-2010.svg Russia-Navy-OF-1a-2010.svg
Sleeve insignia Russia-Navy-OF-9-Sleeve.svg Russia-Navy-OF-8-Sleeve.svg Russia-Navy-OF-7-Sleeve.svg Russia-Navy-OF-6-Sleeve.svg UdSSR Navy 1943 OF5 insignia.svg UdSSR Navy 1943 OF4 insignia.svg UdSSR Navy 1943 OF3 insignia.svg UdSSR Navy 1943-1991 OF2 insignia.svg UdSSR Navy 1943-1991 OF1a insignia.svg UdSSR Navy 1943-1991 OF1b insignia.svg UdSSR Navy 1943-1991 OF1c insignia.svg
Title Admiral of the fleet
(Адмирал флота)
Admiral
(Адмирал)
Vice admiral
(Вице-адмирал)
Counter admiral
(Контр-адмирал)
Captain 1st Rank
(Капитан 1-го ранга)
Captain 2nd Rank
(Капитан 2-го ранга)
Captain 3rd Rank
(Капитан 3-го ранга)
Captain lieutenant
(Капитан-лейтенант)
Senior lieutenant
(Старший лейтенант)
Lieutenant
(Лейтенант)
Junior lieutenant
(Младший лейтенант)
Officer cadet
(Курсант)

Warrant officers and ratings

Warrant officers[Note 2] and rates of the Russian Navy[1]

Equivalent
NATO code
OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
Russia Russia
(Edit)
RAF N W2-StMichm 2010–.svg RAF N W1-Michm 2010–.svg RAF N R8-GlKorStarsh 2010–.svg RAF N R7-GlStarsh 2010–.svg RAF N R6-Starsh1st 2010–.svg RAF N R4-Starsh2st 2010–.svg RAF N R2-StMatros 2010–.svg No equivalent
RAF N R1-Matros 2010–.svg
Senior Michman
Старший мичман
Michman
Мичман
Glavny starshina of the ship
Главный корабельный старшина
Glavny starshina
Главный старшина
Starshina 1st stage
Старшина 1 статьи
Starshina 2nd class
Старшина 2 статьи
Starshiy matros
Старший матрос
Seaman
Матрос

Ranks and insignia - ground and air services of the Navy

Officers

The following table illustrates the ranks of the Russian Federation's naval infantry and shore establishment services. The English translation appears first, followed by the rank in Russian.

Commissioned officers of the Russian Navy - ground and air services and support commands[1]

Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) and student officer
Russia Russia[Note 1] Colonel General Lieutenant General Major General Colonel Lieutenant Colonel Major Captain Senior Lieutenant Lieutenant Junior Lieutenant
Colonel General
(Генера́л-полко́вник)
Lieutenant general
(Генера́л-лейтена́нт)
Major general
(Генера́л-майо́р)
Colonel
(Полко́вник)
Lieutenant colonel
(Подполко́вник)
Major
(Майо́р)
Captain-Commandant
(Капита́н)
Captain
(Старший лейтенант)
1st Lieutenant
(Лейтенант)
2nd lieutenant
(Младший лейтенант)

Warrant officers and other ranks

Warrant officers[Note 3] and other ranks of the shore services of the Russian Navy[1]

Equivalent
NATO code
OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
Russia Russia[Note 1] RAF N W2-StMichm 2010–.svg RAF N W1-Michm 2010–.svg RAF N R8-GlKorStarsh 2010–.svg RAF N R7-GlStarsh 2010–.svg RAF N R6-Starsh1st 2010–.svg RAF N R4-Starsh2st 2010–.svg RAF N R2-StMatros 2010–.svg No equivalent
RAF N R1-Matros 2010–.svg
Chief warrant officer
Старший прапорщик
Warrant officer
Прапорщик
Gunnery Sergeant
Старшина[Note 4]
Staff Sergeant
Старший сержант
Sergeant
Сержант
Corporal
Младший сержант[Note 5]
Lance corporal
Старший матрос
Private
Матрос

Rank titles are sometimes modified due to a particular assignment, branch or status:

  • The ranks of servicemen assigned to a "guards" unit, formation or ship are preceded by the word “guards”;
  • The ranks of servicemen in the legal, medical and veterinary branches are followed by “of justice”, “of the medical service”, and “of the veterinary service”, respectively;
  • The ranks of servicemen in the reserve or in retirement are followed by “of the reserve” or “in retirement”, respectively;
  • The rank descriptor "of aviation" was officially abolished but is still commonly used, common use of it, however, is being phrased out.

See also

External links

Notes

  1. ^ a b c Parade dress uniform colours (black on gold) are the reverse of the duty uniform.
  2. ^ Warrant officer ranks may be abolished soon[2] but the abolition began in 2009 in accordance with defense regulations, which were reversed in 2013
  3. ^ Warrant officer ranks may be abolished soon[3] but the abolition began in 2009 in accordance with defense regulations, which were reversed in 2013
  4. ^ Equivalent of Major Sergeant.
  5. ^ Equivalent of corporal.

References

  1. ^ a b c d Addenda to the Decree of the President of Russian Federation #531 Archived 2008-06-08 at the Wayback Machine, Krasnaya Zvezda, 19 May 2005
  2. ^ Вооруженные силы РФ останутся без прапорщиков, retrieved 15 November 2008.
  3. ^ Вооруженные силы РФ останутся без прапорщиков, retrieved 15 November 2008.
Army ranks and insignia of the Russian Federation

The Russian Federation inherited the ranks of the Soviet Union, although the insignia and uniform were altered slightly.

The Russian armed forces have two styles of ranks: army-style ranks and navy-style ranks. The army and air force use only army-style ranks.

Captain 1st rank

This article is about the OF-5 rank Kapitan 1st rank in Russia and some other post-Soviet states. For the equivalent rank in Anglophone naval forces see Captain (naval); in Germany see Kapitän zur See or Kommodore. It should not be mixed up to the Commodore (rank), often regarded as a one-star rank with a NATO code of OF-6. Kapitan 1st rank (Russian: капитан 1-го ранга; literal: captain of the 1st rank) is in the Navy of the Russian Federation the designation to the most senior rank in the staff officer´s career group. The rank is equivalent to Polkovnik in Army and Air Force. The rank might be comparable to Captain (naval) (OF-5) in Anglophone/NATO naval forces.The rank was introduced in Russia by Peter the Great in 1713. By decision of the so-called military navy commission (ru: Воинская морскaя комиссия) in 1732 the sequence of Kapitan ranks was abolished. However, until 1752 the grade rank Kapitan 1st rank was corresponding to Fleet kapitan (ru: флота капитан). Finally, the Kapitan ranks were reintroduced September 5 (16), 1751. The Red Army introduced the Kapitan 1st rank rank in 1935, together with a number of other former Russian ranks, and it has been used in many ex-USSR countries, including Russia, to the present day.

Captain lieutenant

Captain lieutenant or captain-lieutenant is a military rank, used in a number of navies worldwide and formerly in the British Army.

It is generally equivalent to the Commonwealth or US naval rank of lieutenant, and has the NATO rank code of OF-2, though this can vary.

Military ranks of the Soviet Union

The military ranks of the Soviet Union were those introduced after the October Revolution of 1917. At that time the Imperial Russian Table of Ranks was abolished, as were the privileges of the pre-Soviet Russian nobility.

Immediately after the Revolution, personal military ranks were abandoned in favour of a system of positional ranks, which were acronyms of the full position names. For example, KomKor was an acronym of Corps Commander, KomDiv was an acronym of Division Commander, KomBrig stood for Brigade Commander, KomBat stood for Battalion Commander, and so forth. These acronyms have survived as informal position names to the present day.Personal ranks were reintroduced in 1935, and general officer ranks were restored in May 1940. The ranks were based on those of the Russian Empire, although they underwent some modifications. Modified Imperial-style rank insignia were reintroduced in 1943.

The Soviet ranks ceased to be used after the 1991 dissolution of the Soviet Union, although the military ranks and insignia of the modern Russian Federation and Ukraine have been largely adopted from the Soviet system.

Ranks and insignia of the Red Army and Navy 1918–1935

In the period from 1918 to 1935 of the young Soviet Union any bourgeois military thoughts were put under general suspicion by the communists, the new political establishment. Among others, the Old Russian tradition to wear epaulets and shoulder straps as rank insignia was rigorously abolished and was replaced with a new tradition of rank designations and insignia for the new Red Army and the nascent Soviet Navy.

Ranks and insignia of the Russian Federation's armed forces 1994–2010

Ranks and insignia of the Russian Federation's armed forces from 1994 to 2010 were affected by the disintegration of the former Soviet armed forces, and there were other changes in insignia design when the newly established Russian Federation came into existence. The ranks depicted below were replaced with those adopted by decree № 293 of the President of the Russian Federation on 11 March 2010. The transition began with the issue of new military uniforms to the armed services in 2008 in the Moscow area and in 2010 nationwide. The ranks of marshal of the branch and chief marshal were officially abolished as a result of the 1994 regulations.

Ranks and insignia of the Russian armed forces until 1917

The Imperial Russian Army (Russian: Ру́сская импера́торская а́рмия, РИА) and the Imperial Russian Navy (Russian: Российский императорский флот) used ranks and rank insignia derived from the German model. However, the entire rank system was also closely connected to the Russian military traditions. In the aftermath of the Russian Revolution, the Red Army abolished the entire Imperial system of ranks and rank insignia, while military units and formations of the opposing White movement retained the Imperial rank system until 1923.

Starshy michman

Starshy michman (Russian: Старший мичман, English: Senior michman) is in the Navy of the Russian Federation, as well as in number of other countries, the designation to first or highest rank in the Michman career group. The rank is equivalent to Starshy praposhik in Army and Air Force. According to NATO-ranksystem the rank might be comparable to OR-9a in Anglophone armed forces.

In the navy of the Russian Federation there are two ranks in the Michman career group, which means Michman (OR-9b) and Strashchy michman (OR-9a). The equivalent in the other military branches are Praposhchik (OR-9b) and Starshy praposhchik (OR-9a).

Military ranks and insignia by country
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