Naval War College Review

The Naval War College Review is a quarterly peer-reviewed academic journal published by the United States Navy's Naval War College. It covers public policy matters of interest to the maritime services and was established in 1948.

Naval War College Review
US Naval War College Review - Front cover, Vol IV, Num 7, March 1952
DisciplinePublic policy
Publication details
Former name(s)
Information Service for Officers
Publication history
Naval War College (United States)
LicensePublic domain
Standard abbreviations
Nav. War Coll. Rev.
OCLC no.01779130


During the administration of Admiral Raymond Spruance as president of the Naval War College (1946-1948), plans were initiated to establish a resident civilian faculty, composed of prominent academics who would be visiting faculty members for a full academic year. In a separate, but related initiative in 1948, the Chief of Naval Personnel, Rear Admiral Thomas L. Sprague, suggested to the commandants of the joint service colleges that each college should publish a lecture reprint series that could be distributed to officers, who for various reasons could not attend a war college course. In response to this suggestion and with further authorization from the Navy Department, Spruance initiated publication of a periodical. Initially entitled Information Service for Officers, it first appeared in October 1948 with a lecture by Vice Admiral Robert B. Carney's Naval War College lecture, "Logistical Planning for War", as its lead article. It was initially classified as "Restricted" and issued only to individual officers in the grades of lieutenant commander, major, and above, not to naval activities or commands. The first issue had a circulation of 3,000 copies.

In its fifth year of publication, Information Service for Officers had reached a circulation of 6,000 copies and was being distributed to major commands. At that point, the name was changed to Naval War College Review and, in December 1953, the publication was down-graded to "For Official Use Only", a security classification that remained in effect until September 1964. Further changes in editorial policy that allowed the journal to publish articles by civilian academics did not occur until the editorship of Commander Robert M. Laske between 1968 and 1975, when a dearth of material forced him to search for contributors at meetings of the American Political Science Association and the Inter-University Seminar on the Armed Forces and Society. From that point forward, the journal had a wider range of submitted articles.[1]


The following persons have been editors-in-chief:

  • Summer 1967-March 1970: Colonel T. C. Dutton, USMC
  • Sept/Oct 1972-May/Jun 1975: Commander Robert M. Laske
  • Summer 1975 Lieutenant: (junior grade) Jeffrey P. Bacher (interim)
  • Fall 1975-Summer 1977: Lieutenant Commander B. Mitchell Simpson, III
  • Fall 1977-July/Aug 1981: Commander William R. Pettyjohn
  • Sept/Oct 1981: Captain F. C. Caswell, Jr. (interim)
  • Nov/Dec 1981-Sept/Oct 1985: Frank Uhlig, Jr.
  • Nov/Dec 1985-Summer 1988: Robert M. Laske
  • Autumn 1988-Autumn 1993: Frank Uhlig, Jr.
  • Winter 1994–Autumn 2002: Thomas B. Grassey
  • Spring 2003–Summer/Autumn 2004: Catherine McArdle Kelleher
  • Winter 2005-Autumn 2005: Peter Dombrowski
  • Winter 2006-present: Carnes Lord


  1. ^ John B. Hattendorf, B. Mitchell Simpson III, and John R. Wadleigh, Sailors and Scholars: The Centenneial History of the Naval War College (Newport: Naval War College Press, 1984), pp. 197, 198, 239, 291, 297, 298, 330,

External links

Adam Bellow

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Alfred Thayer Mahan

Alfred Thayer Mahan ([məˈhæn]; September 27, 1840 – December 1, 1914) was a United States naval officer and historian, whom John Keegan called "the most important American strategist of the nineteenth century." His book The Influence of Sea Power Upon History, 1660–1783 (1890) won immediate recognition, especially in Europe, and with its successor, The Influence of Sea Power Upon the French Revolution and Empire, 1793–1812 (1892), made him world-famous and perhaps the most influential American author of the nineteenth century.

B. Mitchell Simpson

Lieutenant Commander B. Mitchell Simpson, III (Ret.), is a professor of law, attorney, former naval officer, and naval historian, who is best known for his biography of Admiral Harold R. Stark.

Catherine McArdle Kelleher

Catherine McArdle Kelleher (born January 19, 1939) is an American political scientist involved in national and international security policy. Currently, she is Senior Fellow at the Watson Institute for International Studies at Brown University and College Park Professor of Public Policy at the University of Maryland. Kelleher was the Director of the Aspen Institute in Berlin from 1998 to 2001 when she was appointed Professor of Strategy at the Naval War College (2001–2006). In the 1990s she was appointed Honorarprofessor at the Free University of Berlin, and she has regularly taught at the Geneva Center for Security Policy in Switzerland for over a decade.Her public service career began with appointment to the National War College as a professor of military strategy in the 1980s (only the second woman professor in their history) and a series of consulting posts in Office of the Secretary of Defense, Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, and Department of State. She has served both in the White House on the National Security Council staff (under President Jimmy Carter) and at various levels in the Department of Defense. Her most recent assignments are as the Secretary of Defense's Personal Representative and Defense Advisor to the US Mission to NATO, and as Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Russia, Ukraine, and Eurasia (OSD/RUE) in the Clinton Administration. She is considered an expert on international security.

David Richards, Baron Richards of Herstmonceux

General David Julian Richards, Baron Richards of Herstmonceux, (born 4 March 1952) is a retired senior British Army officer who was formerly the Chief of the Defence Staff, the professional head of the British Armed Forces. He succeeded Air Chief Marshal Sir Jock Stirrup in this role on 29 October 2010.

Richards served in the Far East, Germany and Northern Ireland with the Royal Artillery before commanding forces in East Timor and most notably Sierra Leone, where his action without official sanctioning protected Freetown from rebel attacks during the Sierra Leone Civil War. Richards has also served with NATO as a major general, and he commanded International Security Assistance Force elements in Southern Afghanistan as a lieutenant general between 2006 and 2008.

Richards became Commander-in-Chief, Land Forces of the British Army in 2008 and held this role until 2009 when he was appointed Chief of the General Staff, the head of the British Army. He was appointed as Chief of the Defence Staff the following year. He was succeeded by General Sir Nicholas Houghton on 18 July 2013.

In 2014, Richards was created a Life Peer taking the title Baron Richards of Herstmonceux. He sits in the House of Lords as a crossbencher. In December 2015, it was announced that he joined the global advisory board of asset management firm CQS. He has also worked as an advisor to the government of the United Arab Emirates and US-based arms company DynCorp.

Dov S. Zakheim

Dov S. Zakheim (born December 18, 1948) is an American businessman, writer, politician, and former official of the United States government. In the Reagan administration, he held various Department of Defense positions.

First Peloponnesian War

The First Peloponnesian War (460–445 BC) was fought between Sparta as the leaders of the Peloponnesian League and Sparta's other allies, most notably Thebes, and the Delian League led by Athens with support from Argos. This war consisted of a series of conflicts and minor wars, such as the Second Sacred War. There were several causes for the war including the building of the Athenian long walls, Megara's defection and the envy and concern felt by Sparta at the growth of the Athenian Empire.

The war began in 460 BC (Battle of Oenoe). At first the Athenians had the better of the fighting, winning the naval engagements using their superior fleet. They also had the better of the fighting on land, until 457 BC when the Spartans and their allies defeated the Athenian army at Tanagra. The Athenians, however, counterattacked and scored a crushing victory over the Boeotians at the Battle of Oenophyta and followed this victory up by conquering all of Boeotia except for Thebes.

Athens further consolidated their position by making Aegina a member of the Delian League and by ravaging the Peloponnese. The Athenians were defeated in 454 BC by the Persians in Egypt which caused them to enter into a five years' truce with Sparta. However, the war flared up again in 448 BC with the start of the Second Sacred War. In 446 BC, Boeotia revolted and defeated the Athenians at Coronea and regained their independence.

The First Peloponnesian War ended in an arrangement between Sparta and Athens, which was ratified by the Thirty Years' Peace (winter of 446–445 BC). According to the provisions of this peace treaty, both sides maintained the main parts of their empires. Athens continued its domination of the sea while Sparta dominated the land. Megara returned to the Peloponnesian League and Aegina became a tribute-paying but autonomous member of the Delian League. The war between the two leagues restarted in 431 BC, leading to the Second Peloponnesian War. It ended with a conclusive Spartan victory, where, in 404 BC, Athens was occupied by Sparta.

Fleet in being

In naval warfare, a "fleet in being" is a naval force that extends a controlling influence without ever leaving port. Were the fleet to leave port and face the enemy, it might lose in battle and no longer influence the enemy's actions, but while it remains safely in port, the enemy is forced to continually deploy forces to guard against it. A "fleet in being" can be part of a sea denial doctrine, but not one of sea control.

James P. Levy

James P. Levy (born January 5, 1965) is an American historian whose published works have dealt with the Royal Navy in the 20th century and with Great Britain in the 1930s.

Jonathan Reed Winkler

Jonathan Reed Winkler (born 1975) is a historian and an associate professor of history at Wright State University in Dayton, Ohio. He teaches and researches on U.S. foreign relations, U.S. military and naval history, international history, security studies and strategic thought. He previously taught at the University of Maryland, College Park and the United States Naval Academy.

Winkler is presently the President of the Ohio Academy of History. He is the author of Nexus: Strategic Communications and American Security in World War I (Harvard, 2008), winner of several prizes including the Birdsall Prize of the American Historical Association. His articles, commentaries and reviews have appeared in Diplomatic History, The Journal of Military History, the Naval War College Review, and other venues.

Joseph Bouchard

Template:Infobox Retired US Navy Officer

Joseph F. Bouchard (born July 17, 1954 in Pensacola, Florida)retired from the US Navy in 2003 as a Captain after 27 years on active duty. He commanded the destroyer USS Oldendorf and Naval Station Norfolk, the world’s largest naval base.

Dr. Bouchard was a specialist in strategic and operational planning, including assignments as Branch Head, Strategy and Concepts Branch, Office of the Chief of Naval Operations; Deputy Senior Director for Defense Policy and Arms Control, National Security Council, The White House; and Deputy Director, Navy Operations Group (Deep Blue), which was responsible for planning the Navy’s role in the war on terror. At the National Security Council, he was principal author of the National Security Strategy, 1997-1999. He received numerous personal decorations, including the Defense Distinguished Service Medal, the highest non-combat award in the US military.

Dr. Bouchard is widely recognized as an expert on national defense and homeland security, and has received several awards for his leadership in port security, including the Secretary of Defense 2002 Annual Antiterrorism Award, Secretary of Transportation 2002 Partnering for Excellence Award, Virginia Port Authority Medal of Excellence, and the Virginia Maritime Association Port Champion Award.

Dr. Bouchard graduated with distinction from the U.S. Naval Academy, where he majored in International Security Affairs and studied Chinese and Japanese. He earned a Master of Arts degree in National Security Affairs from the U.S. Naval Postgraduate School and a Doctor of Philosophy in Political Science (international relations and strategic studies) from Stanford University. He also is a graduate of:

·U.S. Institute of Peace, International Conflict Resolution Skills Training Program, April 1995

·Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Seminar XXI Program on Foreign Politics, International Relations, and the National Interest, May 1996

·Maritime Institute of Technology and Graduate Studies, Port, Company and Ship Security Officer Program

Dr. Bouchard is the author of Command in Crisis and numerous articles on defense, naval and homeland security matters, and has won two awards for his naval history writings:

·Captain Hugh Nott Memorial Award for exceptional articles published in the Naval War College Review in 1988, for "Accidents and Crises: Panay, Liberty, and Stark," Naval War College Review, Vol. 41, No. 4, Autumn 1988, pp. 87 102.

·Rear Admiral Ernest M. Eller Prize in Naval History, 1999, best article on naval history. Awarded jointly by the Naval Historical Center and Naval Historical Foundation for "Guarding the Cold War Ramparts: The U.S. Navy’s Role in Continental Air Defense," Naval War College Review, Vol. 52, No. 3, Summer 1999.

Dr. Bouchard's US Navy assignments included:

February 2003 – September 2003: Director, Navy Reconstitution Group, Office of the Chief of Naval Operations, the Pentagon. Additional responsibility as strategic analyst, Deep Blue (Naval Operations Group), Office of the Chief of Naval Operations, The Pentagon. Deep Blue was responsible for planning the Navy’s role in the war on terrorism.

February 2000 – January 2003: Commanding Officer, Naval Station Norfolk, Virginia; Program Manager, Regional Port Operations, Navy Region Mid-Atlantic; Chair, Port Operations Integrated Product Team (Navy-wide team sponsored by CNO’s staff to enhance management and cost-effectiveness of port operations).

January 1997 – January 2000: Deputy Senior Director for Arms Control and Defense Policy, Director for Defense Policy, National Security Council, the White House.

March 1995 – February 1997: Branch Head, Strategy and Concepts Branch (N513), Office of the Chief of Naval Operations, the Pentagon.

April 1993 – February 1995: Commanding Officer, USS Oldendorf (DD 972), home ported in San Diego, California. Deployed to the Persian Gulf and Western Pacific, January-July 1994. Earned several awards for operational excellence and the “Golden Anchor” award for excellence in personnel management and retention.

May 1990 – July 1992: Special Assistant and Deputy Executive Assistant to Commander in Chief, Allied Forces Southern Europe and Commander in Chief, U.S. Naval Forces Europe.

September 1988 – April 1990: Executive Officer, USS Paul F. Foster (DD 964), home ported in Long Beach, California.

November 1985 – September 1987: Commander, Destroyer Squadron Twenty One Staff, homeported in San Diego, California. Material Officer, ASW Commander Watch Officer.

April 1984 – October 1985: USS O'Brien (DD 975), home ported in San Diego, California. Engineering Officer, Tactical Action Officer.

February 1977 – February 1980: USS Lockwood (FF 1064), home ported in Yokosuka, Japan. Anti Submarine Warfare Officer and Nuclear Weapons Officer.

Dr. Bouchard won numerous awards while on active duty:

·Authorized to wear the Presidential Service Badge

·Designated Joint Staff Officer

·Sub-specialist in Politico-Military Strategic Planning, National Security Affairs – Far East, Southeast Asia and Pacific, and National Security Affairs – Western Europe

·Awarded Defense Distinguished Service Medal (the highest non-combat award in the Armed Services), Legion of Merit (three awards), Defense Meritorious Service Medal, Meritorious Service Medal (two awards), Navy Commendation Medal (three awards), Meritorious Unit Commendation (two awards), National Defense Medal (three awards), Southwest Asia Service Medal, Humanitarian Service Medal, Sea Service Ribbon (six awards), and Overseas Service Ribbon (two awards).

·Awarded Junior Officer Shiphandling Award in 1980

He has received an number of other personal awards as well:

·Virginia General Assembly, Resolution of Appreciation, 2001, for care and services provided to the crew and families of USS COLE after it was attacked in October 2000

·Commonwealth of Virginia Board of Education, Resolution of Appreciation for membership in the Leadership Development Committee, August 27, 2001

·Hampton Roads Maritime Association, 2002 Port Champion Award, April 3, 2002

·Secretary of Defense 2002 Annual Antiterrorism Award, Best Antiterrorism/Force Protection Innovation or Action, First Honorable Mention, for Port Security in Hampton Roads

·U.S. Secretary of Transportation, 2002 Partnering for Excellence Award for Port Security in Hampton Roads, January 2003

·Hampton Roads Maritime Association, Resolution of Appreciation, January 16, 2003

·Virginia Port Authority, Medal of Excellence, February 28, 2003

Dr. Bouchard is heavily involved in state, regional and local activities in the areas of national security, adaptation to sea level rise and economic development. He has served on the Secure and Resilient Commonwealth Panel, which advises the governor on homeland security and emergency preparedness, since 2007. He serves on the Board of Directors of the Virginia Maritime Association and is a member of the Advisory Committee for the Maritime Institute at Old Dominion University. He has made scores of presentations at international, national and regional conferences, and is a frequent commentator on radio and television on naval matters, national security and sea level rise.

Dr. Bouchard also is recognized as an expert on the economic and national security aspects of environmental and climate change policy. He served on the Virginia Beach Alternative Energy Task Force, 2009–2010, and in 2008 served on the Governor’s Commission on Climate Change and chaired its Adaptation Working Group. He founded the Hampton Roads Sea Level Rise Preparedness and Resilience Intergovernmental Planning Pilot Project, April 2014 – July 2016, drafting the charter for the Pilot Project, including its mission, organizational structure, deliverables and timeline, assisting with planning of Pilot Project events, and assisting with identifying persons to serve on the various working groups and advisory committees.

While representing Virginia Beach in the Virginia House of Delegates in 2008-2009, Dr. Bouchard served on the Finance Committee, Science and Technology Committee, and the Agriculture, Chesapeake and Natural Resources Committee. He was the only member of the General Assembly who had commanded a military base in Virginia.

Dr. Bouchard is the Senior Judge Advisor for FIRST Tech Challenge in Virginia and a Judge and Judge Advisor the FIRST Robotics Competition Chesapeake Division. He has been involved with FIRST for over ten years.

Mackubin Thomas Owens

Mackubin Thomas Owens joined the Institute of World Politics (IWP) as Dean and professor in 2015. He was previously the Associate Dean of Academics for Electives and Directed Research and Professor of Strategy and Force Planning for the Naval War College in the U.S., as well as a contributing editor to National Review.

Maritime geography

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Naval War College Review people

People associated, as contributors or staff, with the American journal Naval War College Review.

Seth Cropsey

Seth Cropsey (born November 3, 1948) is an American neoconservative political figure. He is the author of Mayday: The Decline of American Naval Supremacy.

The Influence of Sea Power upon History

The Influence of Sea Power Upon History: 1660–1783 is a history of naval warfare published in 1890 by Alfred Thayer Mahan. It details the role of sea power during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, and discussed the various factors needed to support and achieve sea power, with emphasis on having the largest and most powerful fleet. Scholars considered it the single most influential book in naval strategy. Its policies were quickly adopted by most major navies, ultimately leading to the World War I naval arms race. It is also cited as one of the contributing factors of the United States becoming a great power.

Type 091 submarine

The Type 091 (Chinese designation: 09-I; NATO reporting name: Han class) is a first generation nuclear attack submarine produced by the People's Republic of China. They were the first nuclear-powered submarine employed by the People's Liberation Army Navy Submarine Force, and the first indigenously produced nuclear attack submarines in Asia.

William Sims

William Sowden Sims (October 15, 1858 – September 28, 1936) was an admiral in the United States Navy who fought during the late 19th and early 20th centuries to modernize the navy. During World War I he commanded all United States naval forces operating in Europe. He also served twice as president of the Naval War College.


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