National Youth Organisation (Greece)

The National Youth Organisation (Greek: Εθνική Οργάνωσις Νεολαίας, Ethnikí Orgánosis Neoléas, EON) was a youth organization in Greece during the years of the Metaxas Regime (1936–1941), established by the regime with the stated goals of helping the youth in the productive spending of their free time and cultivating their national values and cooperative spirit.

Membership was not mandatory, and—unlike most contemporary political youth organizations in Europe—EON was not affiliated with a political party, but there was widespread successful campaigning by the regime to include the largest part of the youth to EON, and later took over the scouts and other such organizations, although typically membership still remained strictly voluntary.[1] However, only Christians could enroll and Muslims and Jews could not become EON members. There were some exceptions on Jews though.[2]

Some of the activities that EON members were involved in included athletics events, parades and marches, military training, reforestations, recycling.[3] The official -monthly- magazine of EON was The Youth (Greek: Η Νεολαία).[4] The emblem of EON was a labrys surrounded by laurel wreaths and topped with a royal crown, while the flag of EON was similar to the flag of Greece—featuring a white cross on a blue fiend—with the emblem of EON charged in the center in gold and the royal crown moved to the upper hoist side quadrant. The motto of EON was "One Nation, One King, One Leader, One Youth".[5]

The EON disbanded in late April 1941 with the start of the German occupation of Greece when some of its former members created the secret occupation resistance/liberation organizations "National Youth Commity" and—the strictly female—"SPITHA" under the leadership of Metaxas' daughter Loukia Metaxa.[6][7][8][9]

Flag of EON
Flag of EON
National Youth Organization
Founded7 October 1936
DissolvedApril 1941
Greek nationalism

See also


  1. ^ EON (in Greek)
  2. ^ Propaganda and ideology of the 4th of August regime in the context of Hitler’s ‘New European Order’
  3. ^ EON (in Greek)
  4. ^ "The Youth" EON magazine (in Greek)
  5. ^ Photograph of EON emblem and motto
  6. ^ EON (in Greek)
  7. ^ National Youth Commity (in Greek)
  8. ^ SPITHA (in Greek)
  9. ^ Lucia Metaxa (in Greek)
Ioannis Metaxas

Ioannis Metaxas (; Greek: Ιωάννης Μεταξάς; 12 April 1871 – 29 January 1941) was a Greek military officer and politician, serving as Prime Minister of Greece from 1936 until his death in 1941. He governed constitutionally for the first four months of his tenure, and thereafter as the strongman of the authoritarian 4th of August Regime. On 28 October 1940, he denied an ultimatum imposed by the Italians to surrender Greece to the Axis powers, thus bringing Greece into World War II.

National Youth Organisation

National Youth Organisation may refer to:

National Youth Organisation (Greece), a youth organisation active in the Kingdom of Greece during the authoritarian Metaxas regime

National Youth Organisation (Grenada), a defunct youth organisation in Grenada

National Youth Organisation (Ireland), a youth organization currently active in the Republic of Ireland

National Youth Organisation (Pakistan), a youth organization active in Pakistan associated with Awami National Party

Opera Nazionale Balilla

Opera Nazionale Balilla (ONB) was an Italian Fascist youth organization functioning between 1926 and 1937, when it was absorbed into the Gioventù Italiana del Littorio (GIL), a youth section of the National Fascist Party.

It takes its name from Balilla, the nickname of Giovan Battista Perasso, a Genoese boy who, according to local legend, started the revolt of 1746 against the Habsburg forces that occupied the city in the War of the Austrian Succession. Perasso was chosen as the inspiration for his supposed age and revolutionary activity, while his presence in the fight against Austria reflected the irredentist stance taken by early Fascism, and Italy's victories in World War I.

Political Parties
Historical events

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