National Socialist Movement (UK, 1962)

The National Socialist Movement was a British neo-Nazi group formed on 20 April, Adolf Hitler's birthday, in 1962, by Colin Jordan, with John Tyndall as his deputy[1] as a splinter group from the original British National Party of the 1960s.

National Socialist Movement
LeaderColin Jordan
FounderColin Jordan
Founded1962
Dissolved1968
Preceded byBritish National Party
Succeeded byBritish Movement
HeadquartersArnold Leese House, Notting Hill, London
Student wingNational Student Front
IdeologyNeo-Nazism
International affiliationWorld Union of National Socialists

Formation

The 1960s BNP, which had been formed by a merger of Colin Jordan's White Defence League and John Bean's National Labour Party, soon became defined by clashes between the two rival leaders. Impetus for the formation of the NSM had initially came from a 1961 letter to Jordan from George Lincoln Rockwell, leader of the American Nazi Party. Rockwell stated that he agreed with the BNP, except over their lack of openness about Nazism.[2]

Bean however felt that Jordan and his ally Tyndall were too open about Nazism and argued that this damaged the chances of the BNP making any political headway, an issue which came to a head in February 1962 when Bean presented a resolution condemning Jordan's open Nazism at a meeting of the party's national council.[3] The resolution was passed 7 votes to 5 and, after a struggle, the party split with around 80% of the membership backing Bean and the rest leaving with Jordan.[4] Jordan managed to secure the support of both Tyndall and Denis Pirie, whilst also gaining control of the BNP's Notting Hill headquarters and the paramilitary Spearhead group, and on 20 April 1962 the new group was inaugurated at a party to celebrate Adolf Hitler's birthday.[4] As well as Tyndall and Pirie, Roland Kerr-Ritchie and Peter Ling both resigned from the BNP National Council to support Jordan.[5] The new group's membership was largely made up of young, working class activists.[6]

Activities

With displays proclaiming "Free Britain From Jewish Control",[7] Jordan spoke at a meeting held in Trafalgar Square on 1 July 1962 which led to a riot. The riot had been sparked after Jordan had made pro-Hitler comments and Tyndall had compared the Jews to "a poisonous maggot" (both comments earning their speakers short prison sentences) leading to nearby crowds of Jewish demonstrators, Communist Party of Great Britain members and Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament supporters attacking the NSM supporters.[8] Jordan however believed that a majority of the British people would agree with his opinions, and that, from a British point of view, the Second World War had been a mistake.[9]

The NSM also endeavoured to keep Spearhead running and to increase its efficacy but Special Branch had already been aware of the group since it was part of the BNP and monitored its activities closely. Indeed, as early as July 1961 two police officers, David Pemble and David Corder, had taken pictures of Tyndall and Kerr-Ritchie directing Spearhead operations in Kent whilst the following year Jordan were regularly watched performing military drills at weekends near Dorking.[8] The group also faced opposition from the 62 Group, a movement formed by veterans of the 43 Group specifically to combat the NSM but which later expanded operations to oppose all far-right groups. Led by Harry Bidney, a nightclub owner with links to organised crime in London, the 62 Group had paid informers within the NSM ranks from Jordan's foundation of the group.[10]

Crackdown

In the aftermath of the Trafalgar riot the Sunday People ran a story exposing Spearhead and this, along with pressure from Jewish leaders, led to the government denying travel permits to a number of neo-Nazi leaders due to attend a NSM-sponsored conference in August 1962.[11] Despite this George Lincoln Rockwell was smuggled into Britain via the Republic of Ireland and was hidden in Cheltenham to await the start of the conference. However, before long his whereabouts became known and his hideout was besieged by both journalists and angry locals leading to Rockwell going to London in order to give himself up, although not before he sold his story to the Daily Mail.[12] Although the camp did not take place as planned its aim, the establishment of the World Union of National Socialists, was completed anyway with Jordan named as "World Fuehrer" and Rockwell as his successor.[13] Savitri Devi also attended this event and was a close ally of the NSM from her base in France.[14]

Soon afterwards both Jordan's home in Coventry and the party's London headquarters were raided by police with a wealth of evidence seized, ranging from guns and knives to Nazi insignia and memorabilia and even cans of weedkiller on which the labels had been changed to "Jewkiller".[12] Jordan, Tyndall, Kerr-Ritchie and Pirie were all arrested on 16 August.[12] All four were found guilty of being involved in the formation of Spearhead, an offence under the Public Order Act of 1936, and sentenced to nine months (Jordan), six months (Tyndall) and three months (Pirie and Kerr-Ritchie) in prison with Pirie giving the Nazi salute to the court as they were led out.[15] During their time in prison the NSM was left in the hands of Martin Webster, a youthful member who had come to the NSM from the Young Conservatives where he had also been linked with the League of Empire Loyalists.[16]

Split

French heiress Françoise Dior had been linked to the NSM from 1962 and had become romantically involved with Jordan, before also taking up with Tyndall following the latter's release from prison. However following Jordan's own release the two were back on and they were married on 5 October 1963 in a ceremony that involved each allowing a drop of blood to fall onto a copy of Mein Kampf.[17][18][19] Although the couple separated only three months later and were divorced, following a failed attempt at reconciliation, in 1967 the marriage drove a rift between Tyndall and Jordan which was complicated further by increasing ideological differences between the two men and a growing power base for the London-based Tyndall against the Coventry-based Jordan.[17] Tyndall had increasingly echoed Bean's earlier criticisms of Jordan's open Nazism and at the April 1964 NSM conference Tyndall demanded that control of the movement be handed over to him.[17] Tyndall was expelled on 11 May 1964 and the following day Tyndall claimed that he had expelled Jordan and assumed control of the movement. However ultimately Tyndall broke from the NSM, taking most of the HQ staff with him, and his followers would later emerge as the Greater Britain Movement.[20] Before long the National Student Front, small group led by James McIntyre that worked for the NSM in universities, had also departed to offer support to Tyndall instead.[21]

Final years

During the 1964 general election the NSM was active in Smethwick where they campaigned for Conservative candidate Peter Griffiths against Foreign Secretary Patrick Gordon Walker, a hate figure for the far right for his perceived role in allowing high levels of immigration.[22] During the campaign a number of publicity grabbing stunts were attempted, including an NSM member dressing up as a monkey and another attempting to register for election as Gordon-Walker the "race-mixing" candidate whilst dressed as a character from The Black and White Minstrel Show.[23]

The campaign against Walker intensified in 1965 when Colin Jordan took to the stage of a public meeting addressed by Denis Healey, who punched Jordan.[24] Membership of the group fell to almost nothing overnight, after the arrest of several members accused of burning synagogues and convictions for such incidents in Clapton, Ilford, Bayswater and Kilburn.[25] Even Dior was imprisoned for such an attack in 1968[25] and in all during the 1960s, NSM supporters organised 34 arsons attacks against Jewish owned buildings.[7] By this time Dior's marriage to Jordan had ended and as a result her funding of the NSM had ended.

The movement was affected by new race relations legislation. Jordan was arrested under the new laws and gaoled for eighteen months in January 1967 for distributing a leaflet entitled The Coloured Invasion which was described as "a vituperative attack on black and Asian immigrants" in Jordan's 2009 obituary in The Times.[2] Regardless of Jordan's status as imprisoned or otherwise there had been no intention of including the NSM in negotiations going on at the time between the BNP, LEL, GBM and Racial Preservation Society as one of LEL leader A. K. Chesterton's stipulations for the formation of any new party was that neo-Nazis should have to be excluded, a condition that ensured that the GBM as a group were excluded and even initially kept Bean out of the leading positions in the new National Front.[26] Following Jordan's release from prison in 1968 he held a secret meeting with Tyndall and Webster at Denis Pirie's house and informed those present that the NSM was no longer in existence.[27]

Legacy

Following the collapse of the NSM Jordan used elements of it to establish a new group, the British Movement, in May 1968. This group has continued to exist in various forms to date. Not all members joined the British Movement with other turning up in more "respectable" groups on the far right that avowedly eschewed Nazism such as the NF.[28] Not least among these was Andrew Brons, who served as MEP for Yorkshire and the Humber from 2009 to 2014, who was an early member of the NSM in the 1960s.[29]

Another group bearing the NSM name was set up in the late 1990s by David Myatt and other Combat 18 dissidents but it is not directly related to either the original NSM or the British Movement.

See also

References

Notes

  1. ^ Roger Eatwell "Obituary: John Tyndall", The Independent, 21 July 2005
  2. ^ a b "Colin Jordan: leader of the far Right". The Times. 16 April 2009. Retrieved 22 February 2015. (subscription required)
  3. ^ Martin Walker, The National Front, Glasgow: Fontana, 1977, pp. 36-37
  4. ^ a b Walker, The National Front, p. 37
  5. ^ John Bean, Many Shades of Black - Inside Britain's Far Right, London: New Millennium, 1999, p. 155
  6. ^ Nigel Fielding, The National Front, Taylor & Francis, 1981, p. 195
  7. ^ a b Gerry Gable Obituary: Colin Jordan", The Guardian, 13 April 2009
  8. ^ a b Walker, The National Front, p. 39
  9. ^ Transcript of Colin Jordan interview Midlands News, Associated TeleVision, 5 July 1962, as reproduced on the Media Archive for Central England website.
  10. ^ Walker, The National Front, p. 172
  11. ^ Walker, The National Front, pp. 39-40
  12. ^ a b c Walker, The National Front, p. 40
  13. ^ Walker, The National Front, p. 41
  14. ^ Nicholas Goodrick-Clarke, Black Sun: Aryan Cults, Esoteric Nazism, and the Politics of Identity, New York University Press, 2003, p. 103
  15. ^ Walker, The National Front, pp. 44-45
  16. ^ Walker, The National Front, p. 45
  17. ^ a b c Walker, The National Front, p. 46
  18. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qjuhE_hQOF4
  19. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-EdcyNPrhR4
  20. ^ Walker, The National Front, pp. 46-47
  21. ^ Peter Barberis, John McHugh, Mike Tyldesley, Encyclopedia of British and Irish Political Organizations: Parties, Groups and Movements of the 20th Century, Continuum International Publishing Group, 2000, p. 190
  22. ^ Walker, The National Front, p. 55
  23. ^ Richard Thurlow, Fascism in Britain A History, 1918-1985, Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1987, pp. 269-270
  24. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=23JqSNPqtFY
  25. ^ a b Thurlow, Fascism in Britain A History, 1918-1985, p. 270
  26. ^ Walker, The National Front, pp. 64-67
  27. ^ Walker, The National Front, p. 77
  28. ^ Fielding, The National Front, p. 178
  29. ^ Duncan Campnell, 'Andrew Brons, the genteel face of neo-fascism', The Guardian 8 June 2009

Bibliography

  • Cooper, Terry (2013) Death by Dior: Françoise Dior. Dynasty Press. ISBN 978-0-9568038-6-3)
Index of World War II articles (N)

N Force

N. G. L. Hammond

N. H. Gibbs

Nabatingue Toko

Nabetari

Nacht und Nebel

Nachtigall Battalion

Nada Dimić

Nadar (photographer)

Nadia Boulanger

Nagai Naoyuki

Nagant M1895

Nagara-class cruiser

Nagasaki Atomic Bomb Museum

Nagasaki National Peace Memorial Hall for the Atomic Bomb Victims

Nagasaki Peace Park

Nagasaki, Nagasaki

Nagato-class battleship

Nahverteidigungswaffe

Nairana-class escort carrier

Nakajima B5N

Nakajima B6N

Nakajima G10N

Nakajima G8N

Nakajima J1N

Nakajima J9Y

Nakajima Ki-115

Nakajima Ki-116

Nakajima Ki-201

Nakajima Ki-27

Nakajima Ki-43

Nakajima Ki-44

Nakajima Ki-84

Nakam

Nakamura Incident

Nakamuta Kuranosuke

Nambu pistol

Namdeo Jadav

Name of Paris and its inhabitants

Names of the Holocaust

Namsos Campaign

Nanchang CJ-6

Nanchang J-12

Nanchang Q-5

Nanchang Uprising

Nancy Cunard

Nancy Greene

Nancy Harkness Love

Nancy Kulp

Nancy Salmon

Nancy Wake

Nand Singh

Naniwa-class cruiser

Nanjing Massacre Memorial Hall

Nanjing Military Region

Nanking (2007 film)

Nanking Massacre

Nanking Safety Zone

Nanma-Linqu Campaign

Nanne Zwiep

Nansenhjelpen

Nanterre – Université (Paris RER)

Nantes Atlantique Airport

Nantes Cathedral

Nantes

Naoki Hoshino

Naomasa Sakonju

Naomi Rozenberg

Naples Municipal Airport

Napoleon I of France

Napoleon II of France

Napoleon III of France

Napoleon Zervas

Narcisse-Achille de Salvandy

Nariakira Arisaka

Narvik-class destroyer

Narvik Shield

Nashiba Tokioki

Nashorn

Nasjonal Samling

Nassim Akrour

Natalia Karp

Natalia Paley

Natalya Myeklin

Nathalie Kosciusko-Morizet

Nathan Abshire

Nathan Bedford Forrest III

Nathan Green Gordon

Nathan Gregory Silvermaster

Nathaniel Clifton

Nathaniel Fiennes, 21st Baron Saye and Sele

Nation (Paris Métro and RER)

National Alliance (Sweden)

National Alliance (United States)

National and Social Liberation

National Anthem of Manchukuo

National Armed Forces

National Committee for a Free Germany

National D-Day Memorial

National Day of Commemorating the Holocaust

National Defense (Poland)

National Defense Research Committee

National European Social Movement

National Front (Australia)

National Front (French Resistance)

National Front (Switzerland)

National Government 1935–1940

National HRO

National Japanese American Memorial To Patriotism During World War II

National Labour Party (UK, 1957)

National Leadership Computing Facility

National Legionary State

National Liberation Front (Greece)

National Liberation War of Macedonia

National Military Council

National Military Organization

National Mobilization Law

National Movement (Luxembourg)

National Movement of Switzerland

National Party (UK, 1976)

National Party of Europe

National Political Institutes of Education

National Popular Rally

National redoubt

National Renaissance Party (United States)

National Renewal Party

National Republican Greek League

National Revolutionary Army

National Security Corps

National Social Movement (Bulgaria)

National Socialism Association (Taiwan)

National Socialism: Vanguard of the Future

National Socialist Action Party

National Socialist Bloc

National Socialist Dutch Workers Party

National Socialist Factory Cell Organization

National Socialist Flyers Corps

National Socialist Freedom Movement

National Socialist Front

National Socialist German Students' League

National Socialist Industrial Workers' Union

National Socialist Japanese Workers and Welfare Party

National Socialist League

National Socialist Motor Corps

National Socialist Movement (UK, 1962)

National Socialist Movement (United Kingdom)

National Socialist Movement (United States)

National Socialist Movement in the Netherlands

National Socialist Movement of Chile

National Socialist Movement of Denmark

National Socialist Movement of Norway

National Socialist Party of America

National Socialist Party of New Zealand

National Socialist Program

National Socialist Turkish Movement

National Socialist Vanguard

National Socialist White People's Party (Harold Covington)

National Socialist Workers' Party (Sweden)

National Socialist Workers' Party of Denmark

National Spiritual Mobilization Movement

National States' Rights Party

National symbols of Mengjiang

National Union (Switzerland)

National Union of Greece

National Vanguard (American organization)

National War Memorial (New Zealand)

National World War II Memorial

National World War II Museum

National Youth

Nationale (Paris Métro)

Nationalist Party (Iceland)

Native Americans and World War II

Native oppositors against Japanese regime(WW2)

Natividad González Parás

Natzweiler-Struthof

Nauman Scott

Naval Air Establishment Chiang Hung

Naval Artillery War Badge

Naval Battle of Guadalcanal

Naval Battle of Vella Lavella

Naval Intelligence Handbooks

Naval Outlying Field San Nicolas Island

Naval ranks of the Japanese Empire during World War II

Naval Support Facility Kamiseya

Naval War College (Japan)

Naval weaponry of the People's Liberation Army Navy

Navigo pass

Navy of the Independent State of Croatia

Nawitz

Naxos radar detector

Nazi-Soviet population transfers

Nazi

Nazi Abad

Nazi Agent

Nazi Anti-Flag Desecration Law

Nazi archaeology

Nazi architecture

Nazi belt buckle pistol

Nazi book burnings

Nazi boycott of Jewish businesses

Nazi chic

Nazi chocolate bar bomb

Nazi concentration camp badges

Nazi concentration camps in Norway

Nazi concentration camps

Nazi crimes against ethnic Poles

Nazi eugenics

Nazi exploitation

Nazi Germany

Nazi Ghost Train

Nazi gold

Nazi human experimentation

Nazi hunter

Nazi Lowriders

Nazi memorabilia

Nazi occultism

Nazi party paramilitary ranks

Nazi party rally grounds

Nazi Party

Nazi plunder

Nazi Pop Twins

Nazi propaganda

Nazi Punks Fuck Off (Napalm Death)

Nazi Punks Fuck Off!

Nazi songs

Nazi symbolism

Nazi university

Nazi War Crimes and Japanese Imperial Government Records Interagency Working Group

Nazi Writer's Union

Nazis in fiction

Nazism and cinema

Nazism in the United States

Neagu Djuvara

Neal Anderson Scott

Neal Edward Smith

Nebelwerfer

Nebeští jezdci

Nebojša Zlatarić

Nebraska World War II Army Airfields

Necdet Kent

Necessary Evil (aircraft)

Nederlandsche SS

Needles Airport

Neel E. Kearby

Neger

Negro Colleges in War Time

Nehemiah Persoff

Nehru Brigade

Neil Cameron, Baron Cameron of Balhousie

Neil McLean (politician)

Neil Ritchie

Neil Rutherford

Neldon Theo French

Nellie Jane DeWitt

Nelson-class battleship

Nelson Rae

Nemesis at Potsdam

Nemmersdorf massacre

Neo-Nazi music

Nepal during World War II

Neptuna

Nesse Godin

Nestor Chylak

Nestor Makhno

Net laying ship

Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose: The Forgotten Hero

Netherlands American Cemetery

Netherlands East Indies campaign

Netherlands in World War II

Netherlands Indian roepiah

Netrabahadur Thapa

Neubaufahrzeug

Neuengamme concentration camp

Neuropa

Nevada-class battleship

Never on These Shores

Never So Few

Never Surrender (novel)

Never was so much owed by so many to so few

Nevile Henderson

Neville Brand

Neville Chamberlain

Neville Duke

Neville Jeffress

Neville McNamara

Nevsky Pyatachok

New 1st Army

New 6th Army

New Britain campaign

New Castle Airport

New European Order

New Fourth Army Incident

New Fourth Army

New Guinea campaign

New Guinea Volunteer Rifles

New Mexico-class battleship

New Order (Neo-Nazi group)

New Order (political system)

New Triumph Party

New York-class battleship

New Zealand Expeditionary Force

New Zealand Tomb of the Unknown Warrior

Newfoundland Escort Force

Newington Armory

Newport Municipal Airport (Arkansas)

Newt Loken

Newton Henry Mason

Newton Steers

Next Objective (B-29)

Nguyen-Thien Dao

Ni Liv

NI Tank

Niall Macpherson, 1st Baron Drumalbyn

Nicholas Colasanto

Nicholas Georgescu-Roegen

Nicholas Goodrick-Clarke

Nicholas Metropolis

Nicholas Minue

Nicholas Oresko

Nicholas Winton

Nichols Field

Nichts als die Wahrheit

Nick Alkemade

Nick Barone

Nick Cardy

Nick Fury

Nick Griffin

Nick Mallett

Nick Virgilio

Nick Winter

Nicky Barr

Nicolaos Matussis

Nicolaas Bloembergen

Nicolae Carandino

Nicolae Ceauşescu

Nicolae Cristea (communist)

Nicolae Malaxa

Nicolae Neagoe

Nicolae Petrescu-Comnen

Nicolae Rădescu

Nicolae Tătăranu

Nicolae Titulescu

Nicolae Vasilescu-Karpen

Nicolangelo Carnimeo

Nicolas Anelka

Nicolas Ardouin

Nicolas Boileau-Despréaux

Nicolas Catinat

Nicolas Chamfort

Nicolas Chorier

Nicolas Chuquet

Nicolas Cousin

Nicolas de Gunzburg

Nicolas Fabiano

Nicolas Fouquet

Nicolas Gillet

Nicolas Goussé

Nicolas Hayer

Nicolas Ouédec

Nicolas Ravot d'Ombreval

Nicolas Sarkozy

Nicolas Savinaud

Nicolas Schlegelmilch

Nicolaus von Below

Nicole Marthe Le Douarin

Nicole Milinaire

Nie Rongzhen

Niederhagen concentration camp

Niels Bohr

Niels Larsen

Nielson Field

Nieuwlande

Nigel Bridge, Baron Bridge of Harwich

Nigel Gray Leakey

Nigel Maynard

Nigel Patrick

Nigel Poett

Nigel Stock (actor)

Night (book)

Night and Fog (1955 film)

Night of the Aurochs

Night of the Long Knives

Night Over Water

Night Train to Munich

Night Witches

Nihat Erim

Nihon Go Gakko (Tacoma)

Niihau Incident

Niitaka-class cruiser

Nikola Ljubičić

Nikolaas Tinbergen

Nikolai Fyodorovich Vatutin

Nikolai Gastello

Nikolai Ivanovich Kuznetsov

Nikolai Khokhlov

Nikolai Skoblin

Nikolai Sologubov

Nikolaus Gross

Nikolaus von Falkenhorst

Nikolay Pukhov

Nikolay Puzanov

Nikos Aliagas

Nikos Beloyannis

Nikos Ploumpidis

Niland brothers

Nilde Iotti

Nile Kinnick

Nils Backlund

Nils Engdahl

Nina Alexeyevna Lobkovskaya

Nina Schenk Gräfin von Stauffenberg

Nine-O-Nine

Nineteenth Air Force

Nineteenth Army (Japan)

Ning Hai-class cruiser

Ningen-sengen

Ninth Air Force

Ninth Fort

Ninth United States Army

Nipsey Russell

Nire Kagenori

Nishizō Tsukahara

Niskie

Nisko Plan

Nissen hut

Nizkor Project

NKL-26

NKVD prisoner massacres

No-No Boy

No 77 grenade

No. 1 Fighter Sector RAAF

No. 1 Squadron RAF

No. 1 Wireless Unit RAAF

No. 10 Group RAF

No. 10 Squadron RAF

No. 100 Squadron RAF

No. 101 Squadron RAF

No. 102 Squadron RAF

No. 104 Squadron RAF

No. 105 Squadron RAF

No. 106 Squadron RAF

No. 11 Group RAF

No. 11 Squadron RAF

No. 111 Squadron RAF

No. 112 Squadron RAF

No. 113 Squadron RAF

No. 118 Squadron RAF

No. 119 Squadron RAF

No. 12 Group RAF

No. 12 Squadron RAF

No. 120 Squadron RAF

No. 122 Squadron RAF

No. 13 Group RAF

No. 131 Radar Station RAAF

No. 133 Squadron RAF

No. 138 Squadron RAF

No. 14 Group RAF

No. 14 Squadron RAF

No. 141 Squadron RAF

No. 145 Squadron RAF

No. 148 Squadron RAF

No. 149 Squadron RAF

No. 151 Squadron RAF

No. 152 Squadron RAF

No. 155 Squadron RAF

No. 158 Squadron RAF

No. 159 Squadron RAF

No. 16 Squadron RAF

No. 160 Squadron RAF

No. 161 Squadron RAF

No. 164 Squadron RAF

No. 169 Squadron RAF

No. 175 Squadron RAF

No. 18 Squadron RAF

No. 189 Squadron RAF

No. 190 Squadron RAF

No. 191 Squadron RAF

No. 192 Squadron RAF

No. 193 Squadron RAF

No. 2 Construction Battalion

No. 2 Fighter Sector RAAF

No. 2 Squadron RAF

No. 20 Squadron RAF

No. 200 Squadron RAF

No. 201 Squadron RAF

No. 202 Squadron RAF

No. 203 Squadron RAF

No. 204 Squadron RAF

No. 205 Squadron RAF

No. 206 Squadron RAF

No. 208 Squadron RAF

No. 21 Squadron RAF

No. 210 Squadron RAF

No. 211 Squadron RAF

No. 212 Squadron RAF

No. 213 Squadron RAF

No. 214 Squadron RAF

No. 215 Squadron RAF

No. 216 Squadron RAF

No. 22 Squadron RAF

No. 220 Squadron RAF

No. 222 Squadron RAF

No. 224 Squadron RAF

No. 225 Squadron RAF

No. 228 Squadron RAF

No. 23 Squadron RAF

No. 230 Squadron RAF

No. 233 Squadron RAF

No. 235 Squadron RAF

No. 239 Squadron RAF

No. 241 Squadron RAF

No. 242 Squadron RAF

No. 245 Squadron RAF

No. 246 Squadron RAF

No. 247 Squadron RAF

No. 249 Squadron RAF

No. 251 Squadron RAF

No. 253 Squadron RAF

No. 257 Squadron RAF

No. 26 Squadron RAF

No. 261 Squadron RAF

No. 262 Squadron RAF

No. 263 Squadron RAF

No. 264 Squadron RAF

No. 265 Squadron RAF

No. 266 Squadron RAF

No. 27 Squadron RAF

No. 271 Squadron RAF

No. 28 Squadron RAF

No. 280 Squadron RAF

No. 281 Squadron RAF

No. 282 Squadron RAF

No. 283 Squadron RAF

No. 284 Squadron RAF

No. 29 Squadron RAF

No. 297 Squadron RAF

No. 298 Squadron RAF

No. 299 Squadron RAF

No. 3 Fighter Sector RAAF

No. 3 Squadron RAF

No. 30 Squadron RAF

No. 300 Polish Bomber Squadron

No. 301 Polish Bomber Squadron

No. 302 Polish Fighter Squadron

No. 303 Polish Fighter Squadron

No. 304 Polish Bomber Squadron

No. 305 Polish Bomber Squadron

No. 306 Polish Fighter Squadron

No. 307 Polish Night Fighter Squadron

No. 31 Squadron RAF

No. 310 Squadron RAF

No. 311 Squadron RAF

No. 312 Squadron RAF

No. 313 Squadron RAF

No. 315 Polish Fighter Squadron

No. 316 Polish Fighter Squadron

No. 317 Polish Fighter Squadron

No. 32 (The Royal) Squadron RAF

No. 322 Squadron RAF

No. 33 Squadron RAF

No. 330 Squadron RNoAF

No. 331 Squadron RAF

No. 332 Squadron RAF

No. 34 Squadron RAF

No. 341 Squadron RAF

No. 353 Squadron RAF

No. 354 Squadron RAF

No. 355 Squadron RAF

No. 356 Squadron RAF

No. 357 Squadron RAF

No. 358 Squadron RAF

No. 36 Squadron RAF

No. 360 Squadron RAF

No. 37 Squadron RAF

No. 38 Squadron RAF

No. 39 Squadron RAF

No. 40 Squadron RAF

No. 402 Squadron RCAF

No. 406 Squadron RCAF

No. 41 Squadron RAF

No. 413 Squadron RCAF

No. 42 Squadron RAF

No. 426 Squadron RCAF

No. 428 Squadron RCAF

No. 43 Squadron RAF

No. 432 Squadron RCAF

No. 434 Squadron RCAF

No. 438 Squadron RCAF

No. 44 Squadron RAF

No. 45 Squadron RAF

No. 46 Squadron RAF

No. 4626 Squadron RAF

No. 47 Squadron RAF

No. 48 Squadron RAF

No. 485 Squadron RNZAF

No. 486 Squadron RNZAF

No. 487 Squadron RNZAF

No. 488 Squadron RNZAF

No. 489 Squadron RNZAF

No. 49 Squadron RAF

No. 490 Squadron RNZAF

No. 5 Fighter Sector RAAF

No. 5 Squadron RAF

No. 5 Squadron RNZAF

No. 50 Squadron RAF

No. 500 Squadron RAF

No. 501 Squadron RAF

No. 504 Squadron RAF

No. 51 Squadron RAF

No. 511 Squadron RAF

No. 512 Squadron RAF

No. 513 Squadron RAF

No. 514 Squadron RAF

No. 515 Squadron RAF

No. 516 Squadron RAF

No. 517 Squadron RAF

No. 518 Squadron RAF

No. 519 Squadron RAF

No. 52 Squadron RAF

No. 520 Squadron RAF

No. 521 Squadron RAF

No. 53 Squadron RAF

No. 530 Squadron RAF

No. 532 Squadron RAF

No. 543 Squadron RAF

No. 548 Squadron RAF

No. 549 Squadron RAF

No. 55 Squadron RAF

No. 56 Squadron RAF

No. 570 Squadron RAF

No. 575 Squadron RAF

No. 576 Squadron RAF

No. 578 Squadron RAF

No. 582 Squadron RAF

No. 586 Squadron RAF

No. 587 Squadron RAF

No. 595 Squadron RAF

No. 597 Squadron RAF

No. 598 Squadron RAF

No. 6 Squadron RAF

No. 60 Squadron RAF

No. 603 Squadron RAF

No. 605 Squadron RAF

No. 607 Squadron RAF

No. 609 Squadron RAF

No. 610 Squadron RAF

No. 611 Squadron RAF

No. 613 Squadron RAF

No. 616 Squadron RAF

No. 617 Squadron RAF

No. 618 Squadron RAF

No. 619 Squadron RAF

No. 62 Squadron RAF

No. 620 Squadron RAF

No. 622 Squadron RAF

No. 623 Squadron RAF

No. 625 Squadron RAF

No. 626 Squadron RAF

No. 628 Squadron RAF

No. 63 Squadron RAF

No. 630 Squadron RAF

No. 631 Squadron RAF

No. 635 Squadron RAF

No. 639 Squadron RAF

No. 64 Squadron RAF

No. 640 Squadron RAF

No. 65 Squadron RAF

No. 650 Squadron RAF

No. 652 Squadron RAF

No. 66 Squadron RAF

No. 663 Squadron RAF

No. 666 Squadron RAF

No. 666 Squadron RCAF

No. 667 Squadron RAF

No. 67 Squadron RAF

No. 679 Squadron RAF

No. 68 AT Grenade

No. 68 Squadron RAF

No. 681 Squadron RAF

No. 682 Squadron RAF

No. 683 Squadron RAF

No. 684 Squadron RAF

No. 69 grenade

No. 69 Squadron RAF

No. 691 Squadron RAF

No. 692 Squadron RAF

No. 695 Squadron RAF

No. 7 Squadron RAF

No. 71 Squadron RAF

No. 72 Squadron RAF

No. 73 Grenade

No. 73 Squadron RAF

No. 74 Squadron RAF

No. 75 Squadron RAF

No. 76 Special Incendiary Grenade

No. 77 Squadron RAF

No. 78 Squadron RAF

No. 83 Group RAF

No. 83 Squadron RAF

No. 84 Squadron RAF

No. 85 Squadron RAF

No. 89 Squadron RAF

No. 9 Operational Group RAAF

No. 92 Squadron RAF

No. 97 Squadron RAF

No. 99 Squadron RAF

No. CCVII Squadron RAF

No. IV Squadron RAF

No. IX Squadron RAF

No. LIV Squadron RAF

No. LXI Squadron RAF

No. LXX Squadron RAF

No. VIII Squadron RAF

No. XC Squadron RAF

No. XIII Squadron RAF

No. XIX Squadron RAF

No. XV Squadron RAF

No. XVII Squadron RAF

No. XXIV Squadron RAF

No. XXV Squadron RAF

No. XXXV Squadron RAF

Nobuaki "Warren" Iwatake

Nobuo Fujita

Nobutaka Shiōden

Nobutake Kondō

Nobuyoshi Mutō

Nobuyuki Abe

Nobuzo Tohmatsu

Noctilien

Noel Agazarian

Noel Beresford-Peirse

Noel Gayler

Noel Irwin

Noel Mason-Macfarlane

Noel Purcell (water polo player)

Nogi Maresuke

Noisy-le-Sec (Paris RER)

Nomasu Nakaguma

Non-British personnel in the RAF during the Battle of Britain

Non-Sectarian Anti-Nazi League

None but the Brave

None Shall Escape

Noor Inayat Khan

Nora Levin

Norbert Čapek

Norbert Barlicki

Norbert Brainin

Norbert Eschmann

Norbert Jokl

Norbert Rillieux

Norbert Wollheim

Norberto Ceresole

Nordahl Grieg

Norden bombsight

Nordic race

Nordic Reich Party

Nordin Jbari

Nordstrom Sisters

Norfolk County Division

Norihiro Yasue

Norm Van Brocklin

Norman Augustus Finch

Norman Baillie-Stewart

Norman Bethune

Norman Birkett, 1st Baron Birkett

Norman Bottomley

Norman C. Skogstad

Norman Cleaveland

Norman Cohn

Norman Cota

Norman Cyril Jackson

Norman Dike

Norman Fell

Norman Foster Ramsey, Jr.

Norman Francis Vandivier

Norman Harvey

Norman Howard Cliff

Norman Igo

Norman Jewison

Norman Jones (politician)

Norman Lear

Norman Lowell

Norman Mailer

Norman Mineta

Norman Miscampbell

Norman Pritchard

Norman Rockwell's Four Freedoms paintings

Norman Schwarzkopf, Sr.

Norman Scott

Norman Slater

Norman Smith (record producer)

Norman Sylla

Norman Taylor

Norman Wisdom

Norman Wodehouse

Norman Wylie

Norman Yardley

Normandie-Niemen

Normandy American Cemetery and Memorial

Normandy Landings

Norodom Sihanouk

Norris Bradbury

North African Campaign timeline

North African Campaign

North American A-27

North American A-36

North American B-25 Survivors

North American BT-9

North Atlantic Division

North Carolina-class battleship

North Caucasian Front

North Chahar Incident

North Eastern Area air defence command

North Karelian Group

North Point Camp

North Sea Fleet

North Weald Airfield

North West Europe Campaign

Northeast Anti-Japanese National Salvation Army

Northeast Anti-Japanese United Army

Northeast Indian Railways during World War II

Northeast People's Anti-Japanese Volunteer Army

Northeastern Army

Northeastern Loyal and Brave Army

Northeastern People's Revolutionary Army

Northeastern Volunteer Righteous & Brave Fighters

Northern Combat Area Command

Northern District Army (Japan)

Northern Expedition (1926–1927)

Northern Front (Soviet Union)

Northern League (neo-Nazi)

Northern Pursuit

Northern Territory Force

Northern Transylvania

Northover projector

Northumberland County Division

Northwest Staging Route

Northwest Territorial Imperative

Northwestern Front

Norton Air Force Base

Norton Fitzwarren

Norton Knatchbull, 6th Baron Brabourne

Nortraship

Norway Debate

Norwegian Campaign order of battle

Norwegian Campaign

Norwegian Center for Studies of Holocaust and Religious Minorities

Norwegian heavy water sabotage

Norwegian Independent Company 1

Norwegian POW Museum

Norwegian Resistance Movement

Norwegian resistance movement

Norwegian Righteous Among the Nations

Norwood Russell Hanson

Notable real and alleged Ku Klux Klan members in national politics

Notre-Dame-de-Lorette (Paris Métro)

Notre-Dame-des-Champs (Paris Métro)

Notre Dame de Paris

Noua Dreaptă

Nourdin Boukhari

Noureddine Naybet

Nouvelle Athènes

November 9th Society

Novgorod Army Operational Group

Nowogródzka Cavalry Brigade

Nowy Kurier Warszawski

Nozu Michitsura

Noël Bas

Noël Coward

Noël Delberghe

Noël Hallé

Noël Lee

Noëlle Cordier

NR-40

NRA Battalion

NRA Brigade

NRA Company

NRA Corps

NRA Division

NRA Military Region

NRA Platoon

NRA Regiment

Number 13-class battleship

Number of deaths in Buchenwald

Number the Stars

Numbered Air Force

Nur für Deutsche

Nuremberg and Vietnam: An American Tragedy

Nuremberg Code

Nuremberg Diary

Nuremberg Laws

Nuremberg Principles

Nuremberg Rally

Nuremberg Trials (film)

Nuremberg Trials

Nurken Abdirov

Nyoko-dō Hermitage

Nyssa Raatko

Népomucène Lemercier

Néstor Fabbri

Néstor Guillén

National Socialism (disambiguation)

National Socialism most often refers to Nazism, the ideology of the Nazi Party (National Socialist German Workers' Party, NSDAP) which existed in Germany between 1920 and 1945 and ruled the country from 1933 to 1945. The term "National Socialism" was used by a number of unrelated groups before the Nazis, but since their rise to prominence it has become associated almost exclusively with their ideas.

National Socialism may also refer to:

Ethnic German movements related to Nazism:

Austrian National Socialism, an early influence on the NSDAP

German National Socialist Workers' Party (Czechoslovakia) (Sudeten German, anti-Semitic)

Sudeten German Party (Sudeten German, pro-annexation-by-Germany, successor of the above)

Strasserism, a breakaway movement from German Nazism

Non-German groups drawing inspiration from Nazism and existing in the same historical period:

Bulgarian National Socialist Workers Party

Canadian National Socialist Unity Party (pro-Anglo-Canadian/French-Canadian)

National Socialist Movement of Chile (1930s)

National Socialist Workers' Party of Denmark (German-style Nazi, anti-Semitic)

Greek National Socialist Party (Italian-style fascist, pro-Hitler)

Hungarian National Socialist Party (German-style Nazi, anti-Semitic)

National Socialist Dutch Workers Party (1920s–1930s; favoured German annexation of the Netherlands)

National Socialist Movement in the Netherlands (1930s–1940s; unlike the above, it nominally supported an independent Netherlands)

National Socialist Workers' Party of Norway (German-style Nazi, anti-Semitic)

Nasjonal Samling (Norway) (German-style Nazi, anti-Semitic, anti-Masonic)

National Socialist Party (Romania) (German-style Nazi)

Swedish National Socialist Freedom League (pro-Hitler, founded in 1924)

Swedish National Socialist Party (founded in 1930 through a merger of Nazi and fascist groups)

National Socialist Workers' Party (Sweden) (split from the above in 1933, became more Strasserite and independently Swedish before declining during World War II)

South African Gentile National Socialist Movement (1930s–1940s; pro-apartheid, white, anti-Semitic)

Neo-Nazism, a label for groups and ideologies after 1945 that are considered to be based on Nazism:

National Socialist Movement of Denmark (contemporary)

Iranian National Socialist Party, created in 1952 (pro-Hitler, anti-Semitic, anti-Arab, anti-Turk)

National Socialist Party of New Zealand (German-style Nazi, anti-Semitic)

National Socialist Movement of Norway (contemporary)

Russian National Socialist Party (Russian nationalist, fascist, anti-immigrant, promoting Orthodox Christian theocracy)

Colin Jordan's National Socialist Movement (UK, 1962) of the United Kingdom

National Socialist Action Party (British, founded in 1982)

National Socialist Movement (United Kingdom) (contemporary)

National Socialist League (United States) (gay, "Aryan", pro-Hitler)

National Socialist Party of America (white, anti-Semitic, anti-black)

National Socialist Movement (United States) (contemporary)

Other unrelated ideologies and organizations, some of which were founded before the NSDAP and thus before "National Socialism" became associated with Nazism, while others exist in non-European contexts where Nazism is not widely known:

Ba'ath Party, an Arab national-socialist party in Iraq and Syria

Czech National Social Party, founded in Austria-Hungary in 1898 as a center-left party advocating Czech independence

National-Social Association, a small center-left Christian liberal party in Germany, founded by Friedrich Naumann in 1896

National Socialist Party (UK), a breakaway group from the British Socialist Party formed in 1916; historically Marxist, it reverted to a previous name as the Social Democratic Federation in 1919 and then merged with the Labour Party

Jatiya Samajtantrik Dal (National Socialist Party), a small socialist party in Bangladesh

National Socialist Council of Nagaland, a Maoist insurgent group in India

National Socialist Party of Tripura, a party advocating Tripuri self-determination in India

National Socialist Movement

National Socialist Movement may refer to:

National Socialist Movement (UK, 1962), a British neo-Nazi group

National Socialist Movement (United Kingdom), a British neo-Nazi group active during the late 1990s

National Socialist Movement (United States), a neo-Nazi organization based in Detroit, Michigan

National Socialist Movement in the Netherlands, a Dutch fascist and later national socialist political party

National Socialist Movement of Chile, a political movement in Chile

National Socialist Movement of Denmark, a neo-Nazi political party in Denmark

National Socialist Movement of Norway, a Norwegian neo-Nazi group

National Socialist Movement (United Kingdom)

This article is about the current British group - for information about the earlier British group, see National Socialist Movement (UK, 1962). For other groups with this name, see National Socialist Movement.The National Socialist Movement (NSM) was a British neo-Nazi group active during the late 1990s. The group is not connected to the earlier National Socialist Movement of Colin Jordan.

Groups
People
Pre-1945 groups
Defunct
post-1945 groups
Active groups
Pre-1945 people
Post-1945 people
Related articles

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.