National Security Council (India)

The National Security Council (NSC) (IAST: Rāṣṭrīya Surakṣā Pariṣada) of India is an executive government agency tasked with advising the Prime Minister's Office on matters of national security and strategic interest. It was established by the Former prime minister of India LateAtal Bihari Vajpayee on 19 November 1998, with Brajesh Mishra as the first National Security Advisor. Prior to the formation of the NSC, these activities were overseen by the Principal Secretary to the preceding Prime Minister.

National Security Council (India)
Rāṣṭrīya Surakṣā Pariṣada of India
Emblem of India
Agency overview
Formed19 November 1998
JurisdictionGovernment of India
HeadquartersNational Security Council Secretariat, Sardar Patel Bhawan, Sansad Marg, New Delhi[1]
EmployeesClassified
Agency executives

Members

Besides the National Security Advisor (NSA), The Deputy National Security Advisor (DNSA), The Ministers of Defence, External Affairs, Home, Finance of the Government of India, and the Deputy Chairman of the NITI Aayog are members of the National Security Council. Other members may be invited to attend its monthly meetings, as and when required.

Organisational structure

The NSC is the apex body of the three-tiered structure of the national security management system in India. The other two tiers are the Strategic Policy Group, and the National Security Advisory Board.[6]

Strategic Policy Group

The Strategic Policy Group is the first level of the three tier structure of the National Security Council. It forms the nucleus of the decision-making apparatus of the NSC. Earlier, Cabinet Secretary was its chairman, but now National Security Advisor is the chairman of the group and it consists of the following members:

The Strategic Policy Group undertakes the Strategic Defence Review, a blueprint of short and long term security threats, as well as possible policy options on a priority basis.

National Security Advisory Board

The brainchild of the first National Security Advisor(NSA), Brajesh Mishra, a former member of Indian Foreign Service. The National Security Advisory Board (NSAB) consists of a group of eminent national security experts outside of the government.[8] Members are usually senior retired officials, civilian as well as military, academics and distinguished members of civil society drawn from and having expertise in Internal and External Security, Foreign Affairs, Defence, Science & Technology and Economic Affairs.

The first NSAB, constituted in December 1998, headed by the late K. Subrahmanyam produced a draft Nuclear Doctrine for the country in 2001, a Strategic Defence Review in 2002 and a National Security Review in 2007.[9]

The board meets at least once a month, and more frequently as required. It provides a long-term prognosis and analysis to the NSC and recommends solutions and address policy issues referred to it. Initially the Board was constituted for one year, but since 2004-06, the Board has been reconstituted for two years. [10]

The tenure of the previous NSAB, headed by former Foreign Secretary Shyam Saran, ended in January 2015. It had 14 members.

The new board has been re-constituted in July 2018, with P S Raghavan, former Indian Ambassador to Russia(2014-16), as its head. It has a tenure of two years.[9]

Joint Intelligence Committee

The Joint Intelligence Committee (JIC) of the Government of India analyses intelligence data from the Intelligence Bureau, Research and Analysis Wing and the Directorates of Military, Naval and Air Intelligence. The JIC has its own Secretariat that works under the Cabinet Secretariat.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Contact Us". National Security Advisory Board. Archived from the original on 27 February 2017.
  2. ^ "India's revamped security set-up gets IPS, intelligence influx". 5 January 2018.
  3. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20180530053009/https://www.news18.com/news/india/with-former-diplomat-pankaj-saran-as-deputy-nsa-goes-beyond-just-strategy-1763525.html
  4. ^ https://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/centre-s-naga-talks-interlocutor-rn-ravi-becomes-deputy-national-security-advisor/story-hZGPfqryioWMZKcmaDdxhJ.html
  5. ^ http://www.sakaltimes.com/pune/lt-gen-khandare-appointed-advisor-nscs-26248
  6. ^ "About NSAB". National Security Advisory Board. Archived from the original on 16 April 2017.
  7. ^ "Rocket expert K. Sivan new Space Secretary". The Hindu. Special Correspondent. 10 January 2018. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 29 January 2018.CS1 maint: others (link)
  8. ^ Gupta, Arvind. "Brajesh Mishra's Legacy to National Security and Diplomacy". Institute of Defence Studies and Analyses. Retrieved 21 April 2018.
  9. ^ a b "National Security Advisory Board reconstituted with ex-envoy to Russia Raghavan as head". The Economic Times. 13 July 2018. Retrieved 8 September 2018.
  10. ^ "National Security Advisory Board". 16 April 2017. Retrieved 8 September 2018.

External links

Cabinet Committee on Security

Not to be confused with the Cabinet Committee on National Security of Pakistan.The Cabinet Committee on Security (CCS) of the Central Government of India discusses, debates and is the final decision-making body on senior appointments in the national security apparatus,defence policy and expenditure,, and generally all matters of India's national security. The CCS is chaired by the Prime Minister of India. The CCS consists of the following members:

Narendra Modi, Prime Minister

Rajnath Singh, Minister of Home Affairs

Sushma Swaraj, Minister of External Affairs

Arun Jaitley, Minister of Finance

Nirmala Sitharaman, Minister of DefenceOther senior Cabinet Committees (as of 2016) include:

Appointments Committee of the Cabinet - chaired by the Prime Minister of India

Cabinet Committee on Accommodation - chaired by the Home Minister of India

Cabinet Committee of Economic Affairs - chaired by the Prime Minister of India

Cabinet Committee of Parliamentary Affairs - chaired by the Home Minister of India

Cabinet Committee on Political Affairs - chaired by the Prime Minister of India

Indian Armed Forces

The Indian Armed Forces are the military forces of the Republic of India. It consists of three professional uniformed services: the Indian Army, Indian Navy, and Indian Air Force. Additionally, the Indian Armed Forces are supported by the Indian Coast Guard and paramilitary organisations (Assam Rifles, and Special Frontier Force) and various inter-service commands and institutions such as the Strategic Forces Command, the Andaman and Nicobar Command and the Integrated Defence Staff. The President of India is the Supreme Commander of the Indian Armed Forces. The Indian Armed Forces are under the management of the Ministry of Defence (MoD) of the Government of India. With strength of over 1.4 million active personnel, it is the world's 2nd largest military force and has the world's largest volunteer army.It is important to note that the Central Armed Police Forces, which are commonly and incorrectly referred to as 'Paramilitary Forces' based on colonial perspective, are not armed forces. As such they are headed by civilian officers from the Indian Police Service and are under the control of the Ministry of Home Affairs, not the Ministry of Defence. These are central police organisations.

The Indian armed forces have been engaged in a number of major military operations, including: the Indo-Pakistani wars of 1947, 1965 and 1971, the Portuguese-Indian War, the Sino-Indian War, the 1967 Chola incident, the 1987 Sino-Indian skirmish, the Kargil War, and the Siachen conflict among others. India honours its armed forces and military personnel annually on Armed Forces Flag Day, 7 December. Since 1962, the IAF has maintained close military relations with Russia, including cooperative development of programmes such as the Fifth Generation Fighter Aircraft (FGFA) and the Multirole Transport Aircraft (MTA). Armed with the nuclear triad, the Indian armed forces are steadily undergoing modernisation, with investments in areas such as futuristic soldier systems and missile defence systems.The Department of Defence Production of the Ministry of Defence is responsible for the indigenous production of equipment used by the Indian Armed Forces. It comprises the 41 Indian Ordnance Factories under the control of the Ordnance Factories Board, and eight Defence PSUs namely: HAL, BEL, BEML, BDL, MDL, GSL, GRSE and Midhani. India was the largest importer of defence equipment in 2014 with Russia, Israel, France and the United States being the top foreign suppliers of military equipment. The Government of India has launched a Make in India initiative to indigenise manufacturing and reduce dependence on imports, including defence imports and procurement.

Intelligence Committee

Intelligence Committee may refer to:

European Coordinating Committee for Artificial Intelligence

Intelligence Community Coordination Committee

Intelligence and Security Committee

Joint Intelligence Committee (India), see National Security Council (India)

Joint Intelligence Committee (UK)

National Intelligence Co-ordinating Committee

Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security

Secret Intelligence Service

Security Intelligence Review Committee

United States House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence

United States Senate Select Committee on Intelligence

National Security Council

A National Security Council (NSC) is usually an executive branch governmental body responsible for coordinating policy on national security issues and advising chief executives on matters related to national security. An NSC is often headed by a national security advisor and staffed with senior-level officials from military, diplomatic, intelligence, law enforcement and other governmental bodies. The functions and responsibilities of an NSC at the strategic state level are different from those of the United Nations Security Council, which is more of a diplomatic forum.

Occasionally a nation will be ruled by a similarly named body, such as "the National Security Committee" or "Council for National Security". These bodies are often a result of the establishment or preservation of a military dictatorship (or some other national crisis), do not always have statutory approval, and are usually intended to have transitory or provisional powers. See also: coup d'état.

Some nations may have a similar body which is not formally part of the executive government. For example, the Central National Security Commission in China is an organ of the Communist Party of China, the sole ruling party, rather than an organ of the executive government.

Patricia Mukhim

Patricia Mary Mukhim is an Indian social activist, writer, journalist and the editor of Shillong Times, known for her social activism and her writings on mining in Meghalaya and Khasi people of the state. A recipient of honours such as Chameli Devi Jain award, ONE India award, Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry FLO award, Upendra Nath Brahma Soldier of Humanity award, Siva Prasad Barooah National award and North East Excellence award, she was honored by the Government of India, in 2000, with the fourth highest Indian civilian award of Padma Shri.

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